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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, November 25, 1948, Image 1

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0 VOL. XLII, NO. 30
Labor Department To Be
Expanded, Truman Tells
Delegates In Convention
Cincinnati (ILNS).—The U. S. Department of Labor will be re
stored to the status it held before it was “stripped of much of its nower
and influence by a hostile Congress,” Presdient Truman promised in a
message to tne 67th convention of the American Federation of Labor.
Following reading of Truman’s message, Irving Brown, AFL Eu
ropean representative and other speakers warned against the grave
dangers of international Communism.
The President sent his congratulations to William Green, AFL pre
sident and expressed his regret that he could not attend in person.
“Your unions and all patriotic Americans can be assured of my full
support in carrying forward a pro
gram for the benefit of all the peo
ph1 of °ur nation,” he said.
0b: “The American Federation of
Labor, looking back over its many
years of service to American wage
earners, may well be proud of what
it has accomplished in their be
half,” the President continued.
“Your leaders were responsible
for the establishment of the United
States Department of Labor, under
William B. Wilson, its first Secre
“Your unions have set an ex
ample to labor throughout the
world in the support of principles
of progressive liberalism.
“The AFL has been a leader in
helping to bring about the enact
ment of the broad program on soc
ial legislation which has improved
the standard of living of so many
of our people. The federation, I am
sure, will continue to work with
wisdom and perseverance in the in
terest of still further improvement
of our way of life and in safe
guarding the democratic principles
which have made us strong.
“As democratic, freedom loving
Americans we have never failed a
great challenge. We will not flail
now. I know that together with all
patriotic groups in our great coun
try, labor accepts the challenge on
behalf of free people everywhere.
May God guide you as you face the
The keynote on Communism was
struck by AFL Representative
Brown in talking in what is going
on in Europe. His warning was
echoed by fraternal visitors from
Austria and Chile and emphasized
by heads of the American Legion
and the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
Brown charged that the Euro
pean Communist parties had been
turned into quasi-military organ
izations in the Red drive to wreck
the European recovery plan. In
France, he said, the Communist
party is now better equipped than
it has ever been and has proved
during the coal mine and other
strikes that it is actually on a mili
tary operational basis.
The Communist party in France,
Brown continued, by flooding the
coal mines and other activities, has
proved that it is not interested in
social reform but in attempting to
destroy French economy. He said
that the French Communists, un
able to control the government,
would like to see Gen. De Gaulle in
power because his German policy
would be similar to those of the
With De Gaulle in power, the
German economy would be depress
ed to the point where the economic
recovery of Western Europe would
be halted. Russia, he added, is in
tent on preventing German econ
omic recovery.
Trenton, N. J.—Local Union 45
has been having some very'inter
esting meetings1 lately and we hope
they will keep on in this manner.
The attendance also his been most
Some discussions attbe meetii^s
may seem wither drawn out and
only of interest to. those concerned
but we urge all to have patience as
your time will come when the same
situation may confront others. Most
Fkof the problems are not easy to
solve, nor can we compel others to
see things the way we OX as
often as we would like to.
A great deal of interest is be
ing shown in the special convention
and at our last meeting, one of the
largest turnouts in years was on
hand for the election of delegates
to represent us at the parley. After
the tellers had tabulated the re
cord vote, Brothers Joseph Abrams,
Lance Ansell, John Cooper, Jr. and
Duncan Stewart were picked for
this important assignment. Bro.
George Smith tailing close behind
was named alternate.
The resolution regarding compul-
Elect Delegates
At Last Meeting
Local Union 94 had a very fine
turnout at their meeting on Nov
ember 19 when delegates were
elected for the special convention in
Atlantic City. Grace Hall, Mary
McGown, Dora Koening and Mild
red Johnson were declared winners
in a spirited contest. Our best wish
es goes with these sisters in their
It has been some time since the
local broke into the social column
and plans were formulated for a
party to be held on January 13.
The success
on whether
more social
joy a good
make it a point to be present on
January 13.
of this party depends
or not we will have
affairs, so if you en
time among friends,
Action taken to suspend
all members who are four months
ta arrears. If you happen to be
in this category, better take care
of your arrearage at once or face
suspension. A motion was also
adopted to notify all members who
are now three months behind in
their dues, giving them ample
warning before the axe falls.
Wallace Party To
Stay In Business
A three-day
just over a
machine in
Chicago (LPA)
conference of the
Party last week
agreed to keep the
million vote getting
is to make
Its immediate. job
President Truman and the Demo
cratic party keep the progressive
election promises which carried the
Democrats to victory, the 300 dele
gates declared.
Presidential candidate, Henry
Wallace assured his followers that
he has “just begun to fight.” He’ll
run again in 1962, he said, “if it
seems the best thing to do.”
On the eve of the Progressive
gathering the Communist party as
sured the Wallace group on its
continued support. Last week the
New Jersey CP expelled Max
Bedacht, veteran Communist wheel
horse for his “Marxist” objections
to working with the Wallace
Trade union leaders present at
(Turn to Page Two}
Compulsory Attendance At Meeting Is
Ruled Out On Technicality In Local 45
sory attendance was rescinded on a
technicality. It would have been
very interesting to see how it would
have worked out. Many are of the
opinion it is not too much to expect
members to attend meetings once
a month and should be done with
out any compulsion.
How do we expect to ever get
anywhere if we know nothing of
the working of our organization?
What you hear elsewhere is usually
only half the story. At local meet
ings you will hear both sides and
get first hand information on any
issue at hand.
If the attendance drops away to
what it was before the experiment,
don’t expect results brothers. You
only get out of anything what you
put into it and bear this fact in
mind, results are not achieved
without effort.
Local meetings are not often
pleasing affairs like a movie, card
game or what have you. Grievances
are always arising and being iron
ed out. Surely it is worthwhile to
spend some time taking care of
your job.—O.C. 45
'_________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ___________________________ I
Shawnee Pottery
Signs New Pact
With Brotherhood
Zanesville, Ohio—Employees of
the Shawnee Pottery, affiliated
with Local Union No. 219, National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters,
have just negotiated a new wage
contract calling for a general wage
Under terms of the new contract
women will receive eight cents an
hour on base rate, and ten cents
an hour for men, effective as of
Nov. 7, 1948.
Third Vice President James
Slaven represented the Brother
hood in negotiations with'the firm,
ably assisted by organizers Phil
Tracey, Joe Murray and Arthur
Evans of Local 219.
Charles Dunlap of Stevenson,
Jordan & Harrison of Cleveland,
together with A. P. Braid and Geo
rge Williams of the Shawnee Pot
tery, represented the company in
Local 219 has been holding some
very interesting meetings and add
ing new members to their rolls at
each session. Eight members re
ceived the oath at the last meeting.
The local is planning a Christ
mas party and from all indications
it will be a super-duper affair. A
chairman will be appointed at our
hext meeting and every member is
asked to be present.—O.C. 219.
Hillman Fund To
Sponsor Tour By
Harold J. Laski
New York (LPA) The first
grants from the Sidney Hillman
Foundation were awarded this
week to four universities for schol
arships, to Dr. Frank P. Graham
for his “selfless public service,”
and to British author Harold J.
Laski for a lecture tour of the US
next spring.
A total of $30,000 was allocated
from the million-dollar foundation,
which was set up in memory of the
late Sidney Hillman, leader of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
and one of the founders of the
CIO’s Political Action Committee.
After Hillman’s death in 1946, the
Foundation was organized and
funds raised from unions, employ
ers in the garment industry, and
Hillman’s many associates in public
For 1948-49, President Jacob
Potofsky of ACW announced that
$5000 had been granted to Roose
velt College in Chicago, and $2000
each to New School for Social Re
search in New York City, the
School of Industrial & Labor Re
lations at Cornell University in
Ithaca, N. Y., and to Howard Uni
versity in Washington, D. C.
Dr. Frank Graham, president of
the University of North Carolina
and chairman of the World War II
Labor Board, was awarded $1000.
For the Laski tour, up to $10,000
will be granted, to cover a series
of lectures on “the role of trade
unions in the US” and to pay for
publication of the talks. An addi
tional $4000 for research projects,
awards still open, was allocated.
Discusses Aid
For Handicapped
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
Proposed legislation to aid handi
capped persons was discussed at a
public forum here sponsored by the
American Federation of the Physi
cally Handicapped.
“This is our battle, and we are
in it to the end,” declared Paul A.
Strachan, national president of the
group, in a summary of 4 bills to
be re-introduced in the 81st con
gress, after they failed to pass in
the 80th.
The bills would provide for a
census of the handicapped, a Na
tional Leprosy Act, a national cere
bral palsy institute and an all-em
bracing Federal Commission on
Services for the Physically Handi
capped. They were indorsed unan
imously by speakers representing
the American Veterans of World
War II, the AFL, the Order of
Railway Conductors and the Na
tional Rehabilitation Association.
W. D. Johnson, legislative repre
sentative of the Order of Railway
Conductors, promised the physical
ly handicapped the active working
support of his union and the full
resources of his organization.
w-- ‘w- ^-f v.' 1 i 1
.’‘Full speed ahead”. wax ita
council’s slogan inthedrivetawvn^
the Taft-Hartley taw off the sta
tute books.
Urging “a revival of the revolu
tionary spirit” of 1776, the council
told the convention:
“In the international field* we ate
witnessing the cold terror of a gig
antic conspiracy to foist upon un*
willing victims a world dictatorship
and a Communist regime—this to
be accomplished by treachery and
aggression and by killing opportun
ities for freedom. 1 .• •-■.
“We who love fr^eao^h should
lead in defeating this conspsaacy.
We urge the delegates to this 67th
convention to pledge themselves to
serve in the coming crusade for
freedom and to pledge, their service
in initiating a chain tarhich will
unite us all in the maintenance and
defense of human life and freedom.
Let us arm ourselves for the world
crisis with a determination that
will make us invincible.”
People’s Demand Rallied
Discussing housing, the council
denounced the housing measure
passed by the 80th Congress, say
ing Congress “took only half-way
measures to meet the critical and
increasing housing shortage.” It
told what happened to the labor
endorsed Taft-E 11 e n e r-Wagner
bill, declaring the story was “one
of interminable delay, procrastina
tion and subterfuge employed by
the opponents of the bill to deny
the overwhelming demand of the
American people for its passage.”
“The AFL,” the council declared
“insists on the goal of a decent
home for every American family
.... The federation should con
tinue to lead in all efforts to pro
vide better housing and better liv
ing for the American people.
The federation must spare no effort
to secure the enactment of a com
prehensive, long-range housing pro
gram when the next Congress con
venes in January.”
Inflation Held No. 1 Problem
The report declared that the con
tinued rise in prices “has present
ed Congress and the country with
its No. 1 domestic problem, infla
tion.” It pointed out that Congress
hej?a tier# jl era Id
t........../ 1 i
Labor to Defeat Foes of T-H Repeal Green Says
-....... 4'I
LABOR PRESS AWARDS—Ruth Taylor, vice-president of the Int’l
Labor Press of America and Lewis M. Herrmann, secretary-treasurer,
examine a display of prize-winning papers in ILPA’s “Pulitzer prize”
contest for the labor press.
AFL Council Asks Crusade For Freedom
Housing Legislation, Fight On Inflation
Cincinnati (ILNS).—Emphasis on the destructive effects of the
Taft-Hartley Act and a call for American Federation of Labor leader
ship in “a rededication to the service of human freedom” in the fight
against Communism featured the report of the AFL executive council
to the federation’s 67th convention here..
Other matters of keen labor interest in the report were insistence
on adequate Rousing legislation, approval of anti-inflation measures
including continued rent control and a pledge to press the battle against
discriminatory oleomargarine taxation. Powerful dairy lobbyists aided
in blocking repeal of oleo taxes in the last Congress, the report charged.
The executive council, meeting
before the convention, backed up
its report on the Taft-Hartley Act
by announcing its intention to
the new Congress. Following re
peal, the plan is to immediately
substitute the Wagner law for the
Taft-Hartley Act and then take tap
possible amendments to the old law.
Spirit of ’76 Urged
failed to deal with the situation,
noting that it did extend the rent
control law with a few modifica
tions “some of which weakened
while others strengthened its en
"However,” the council added,
"the passage of the tax reduction
bill and several other measures
were clearly inflationary. No action
■was taken on any measuree con
cerning credit control, rationing,
selective price control, allocations,
or speculations in agricultural com
Pledging no let-down in the fight
against oleomargarine taxes, the
council said:
“Since the first appearance of
the tax on oleomargarine, the AFL
has opposed it because it takes the
place of butter in many households
where the income is low. H. R.
2245, repealing this tax was forced
out df the House April 28, 1948.
Fight for Repeal to Go On
“Hearings were held in the Sen
ate, where we again testified, and
the bill was reported favorably to
the Sehate June 1, 1948. However,
in. the closing days of the session,
the dairy interests with their pow
erful lobbying, aided by the jam of
legislation in the closing days pre
vented its passage by the Senate.
“Up until the last hours of the
Congress we were very optimistic
in regard to the repeal of this tax
and, in failing to do so, we were
greatly disappointed. We shall con
tinue our opposition to this obnox
ious tax.”
Labor Aid Urged
In Discussions
Cincinnati (LPA)—It will take
more than assistance to Latin-Am
erican trade unions to obtain a liv
ing wage, AFL Latin American
Representative Serafino Romualdi
told the AFL’s convention here. It
will “require the adoption of an en
tire different policy jn labor-man
agement relations” in the various
“The sound and simple counsel of
the experienced trade unionists,” at
every inter-American conference
“where Latin-American economic
progress is being debated and plan
ned by economists and career diplo
mats,” might help, Romualdi ob
President Bernardo Ibanez of the
(Tun to Page Two}
The voluntary action which led to postpone
ment of the special National Convention and spec
ial Sanitary Conference that had been scheduled
for opening November 29 will be explained in de
tail thia meeting takes place in the near
Delegates elected in accordance with Board's
official call for the meeting are to serve in the
forthcoming convention. Time of these meetings
will be forwarded to each local as sopn as possible.
Local 124 Will
Send Full Quota
To Atlantic City
Local Union 124 received official
notification at their last meeting
that the special convention ca’W
for Nov. 29 in Atlantic City i.ai
been postponed. While no details
were given as to why the conven
tion was postponed, further details
will be forthcoming. The local
elected ther full quota of 15 dele
gates at a previous meeting.
A report was made that ware
cleaners at plant 4 of the Homer
Laughlin China Co. were being
sent to dust in the decorating shop.
The girls were told they did not
have to do this work if they did
not want to, excepting if work was
slow in their department. They
were also advised that a commit
tee should take this up with the
firm. President Armstrong outlin
ed the difficulty of settling pro
blems for war cleaners inasmuch
as they work in warehouse.
It was reported the print cutters
problem at plant No. 4 has been
settled and an agreement reached
to give them help when needed.
A report of a decal girl being
put on stamping while other
stampers were loafing was held to
be in violation of the agreement.
This matter is to be taken up with
the firm.
The stampers from Plant No. 8
reported a squabble over the price
for stamping nappies. They were
advised the firm should continue
paying the established price until
the matter has been settled by the
Standing Committee.
Attention was called to the for
eign-made ware now being sold in
this country. Much of this ware
comes from the U. S. occupied
sones of former enemy countries.
W-is with our deepest heartfelt
sympathy that we extend our con
dolence to Brother Harold Williams
in the death of his brother Harry.
A member of this local for a good
many years, his death will be a
shock to his many friends.—O.C.
Real Estate Lobby
Is Not Giving Up
New York (LPA)—It was a sob
ered and not too cheerful group of
real estate operators who gather
ed last week for the annual con
vention of the Nat’l Association of
Real Estate Boards. They’d seen
their hopes of lifting of rent con
trols and the death of all public
housing measures erased by the
However, they valiantly pulled
themselves together, passed resolu
tions against rent control and pub
lic housing, and gave retiring Sen.
Albert Hawkes (R., N. J.) a plaque
for “distinguished service to the
real estate industry of America.”
Hawkes, needless to say, gave the
better years of his life to the ser
vice of the real estate lobby in the
halls of Congress.
Hawkes responded with a dreary
warning that “So long as a major
ity of our people seek to give less
for a dollar, they will get less for
a dollar, and if they are going to
be led astray by the philosophy
that they can get something for
nothing or that the world owes a
living to the indolent, the shiftless
and the sluggards—there is no
hope for the redemption of Am
The delegates were presented
with two forecasts of the number
of homes to be built next year. F.
W. Dodge Corp, predicts a 7
drop over this year’s total of about
950,000 units. Dexter Keezer, econ
omist for McGraw Hill publica
tions, said the current rate of
home building would cohtinue thru
1949 and perhaps 1950. Then,
Keezer warned, either building
prices would be lower, or there will
be a “substantial bust” in the con
struction industry.
Histadrut Leader Thanks AFL
Cincinnati (LPA) Isaac Ben
Zvi, one of the founders of Histad
rut, the Palestinian trade union
movement, thanked the AFL con
vention last week for American la
bor's support of the new state of
Israel. Likening the struggle of
Israel for justice to that of the la
bor movement, Ben Zvi quoted this
verse of the Bible: “The stone
which the builders refused is be
come the headstone of the corner.”
Examiner Rules
Against Company
In Boycott Ban
Washington- (LPA)—An NLRi
trial examiner last week ruled
against an attempt of two oil com
panies to use the Taft-Hartley
law’s secondary boycott ban to de
feat a strike by Toledo Local 346
of the Oil Workers Int’l Union.
Standard Oil for years had a
contract with Pure Oil whereby the
latter shipped products of its
Toledo refinery thru Standard’s
dock on the Maumee River. The
dock work for both companies was
done by Standard employes.
When Standard’s workers struck
for a new contract last July a new
deal was negotiated between the
two companies, whereby Pure Oil
empires were to work Standard's
wharf. Both groups of workers are
members of Local 346 and of course
the Pure Oil employed refused to
accept this arrangement.
The companies and NLRB Gen
eral Counsel Robert Denham tried
to label this a secondary boycott
But trial examiner J. J. Fitzpat
rick overruled Denham, pointing
out that Pure Oil had made itself
a party to the dispute, and there
fore its workers were free to re
fuse to scab on the Standard strik
Fitzpatrick also threw out a
Denham contention that the OWIU
had no business responding to a
Nat’l Maritime Union query as to
the status of the strike. The sea
men like the Pure Oil workers
didn’t want to handle struck goods.
AFL Cheers T-H
Repeal Pledge
Cambridge, Ohio—There was a
lug surprise for the officers at our
last local meeting when they were
greeted by the largest turnout in
months. Sensing something import
ant, they come in bunches. The
notice in the Herald that a special
convention was called for Novem
ber 29 was probably the reason.
Business was taken care of in
short order with four new members
admitted. The notice of election of
delegates was read and the mem
bers went into a discussion of the
coming convention. Two delegates
were chosen on two ballots. They
were Dan Killenger and Harry
Senator Taft Will Lose
In 1950 Election, AF of
Chief Tells Convention
NBOP Delegates
Cir*!nna1’’ -Hailing the result of the recent election n-’ “the great-,
eat victory t.-.iC has ever been won for labor in America's history,”
President William Green of the American Federation of Labor opened^’
the federation’s 67th nvention with a ringing declaration of war on
all members' of Congiuss who fail to back repeal of the Taft-Hartley
Labor, Green warned the 81st Congress, will be out in the 1950
elections to defra* all Senators and Representatives who fail to vote
for ♦i.ding the i ixr law. He predicted the defeat of Senator Robert
A. Taft in 1950 and said he was sure the convention will order continu-x
_------------------- _---------------- '^ance of Labor’s League for Politic
al Education.
The presidential election was a
surprise to the pollsters and labor’s
opposition. Another boost for the
American way of life and govern-1 of course.—O.C. 122
$2.00 PER YEAR
Secretary of Labor Maurice J.
Tobin assured the convention that
the Taft-Hartley Act will be re
pealed and said that the Demo
cratic platform pledges to labor
will be fulfilled in 30 days after the
new Congress meets. He told the
cheering delegates that the election
results constituted “a mandate for
the positive and unequivocal re
peal” of the Taft-Hartley taw and
the enactment of legislation long
supported by labor.
Raps Hobbs, Lea Acts
President Green, in urging that
the work of the AFL political lea
gue be continued, said that its con
tinuance would be worthwhile if for
no other reason than to help the,
people of Ohio defeat Senator Taft?
when he comes up for reelection.
“I am confident,” he said, “that
the voters of Ohio will speak more
decuively in 1950 than they did
even in 1948.”
Green said that in addition to
Taft-Hartley Act repeal, the AFL
should work for repeal of the
Hobbs law aimed at “racketeering”
but affecting jurisdictional lines of
the Brotherhood of Teamsters and
the Lea Act, ahned at restricting^"
control of the recording industry by
the American Federation of Music
“They are just as destructive in
their fields as the Taft-Hartley
Act,” he charged.
Urges Anti-Inflation Program
The AFL chief advocated a con
ference of national leaders of labor,
industry, agriculture and govern
ment to plan a program for dealing
with inflation. “We are not for na
tionwide controls,” he said, “be
cause that would lead to wage-fix
ing as well as black-maketing.”
He called for speedy enactment
of the Taft-Ellender-Wagner hous
ing bill as well as other legislation
sought by labor such as a higher
minimum wage and broadening and
liberalizing of the social security
Cincinnati (LPA)—Secretary
Labor Maurice Tobin stirred dele
gates at the AFL convention to
thunderous applause as he address
ed the opening sessions last week
and pledged all-out support for re
peal of the Taft-Hartley act.
“The election was a mandate for
positive and unequivocal repeal of
the Taft-Hartley law,” Tobin de
clared. “I hope that will be correct
ed within the first 30 days of the
8lst Congress.
“As Secretary of Labor, I pledge
to you my best efforts to see that
all pledges of the Democratic party
and of President Truman will be
lived up to by the 81st Congress,”
he added.
“The American people voted on
Tuesday, Nov. 2, for the preserva
tion of free collective bargaining.
“They voted for repeal of the
Taft-Hartley law, for selective
price controls to curb the soaring
cost of living, for surplus profits
(Tun to Page Two}
Green aroused great enthusiasm
by a slashing attack on Commun
ism. “We stand as one against the
infiltration of Communists into
American life,” he declared. “There
is no division among us on that
Tobin Pledges Action
,A "pledge of honor” to take the
following action was a highlight of
Secretary Tobin’s address:
Work unceasingly to restore the
Labor Department to its rightful
and full strength as the voice in the
government of the wage earner and
as the centralized agency for gov
ernmental labor and man power
Consult the leaders of organized
labor on all major ‘policy issues,
both legislative and administrative.
Continue to develop in his de
partment a program to foster and
improve free collective bargaining
and to advance the welfare of the
millions of wage earners.
Largest Attendances Months At Last
Meeting of Cambridge Local Union ,122
ment. By looking over the list of
candidates elected, it should prove
to anyone that labor in America
will not bow to any threat of in
voluntary servitude from any
source. They have been selected to
represent us and it is up to them
to carry out our wishes and aims.
The cost of living remains high
with a few spot reduction of prices
here and there. These reductions,
I feel, are only manipulations by
business to save face or attract
buyers. If one can believe the edi
torials concerning the working of
the law of supply and demand by
bjg producers and suppliers, the
new administration should have
fair game in imposing taxes and
curbs on big business. Who killed
price control? Big business lobbies,

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