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INTERNATIONAL LABOR NEWSSERVICE VOL. XLII, NO. 33 JU GIVE LABOR’S VIEWPOINT—Labor spokesmen at last week’s Congressional hearing on industry profits told the joint subcommittee that they only want wage raises that could be granted without raising prices. Right to left: Nelson Cruikshank, director of the AFL social insurance division, and Stanley Ruttenberg, director of the CIO Dep’t of Research A Education. Union Spokesmen Indict Corporations For Profit Levels At All Time High Washington (LPA)—One of the4.------------------------------------------------ harshest indictments of the way American corporations operate ever presented to Congress was made last week by spokesmen for AFL and CIO appearing before a Congressional subcommittee inves tigating profits. AFL ’representative Nelson Cruikshank, who appeared along with Margaret Scattergood of the AFL research department, assert ed that current high prices create today’s high profits. Thru prices paid for consumers goods, he in sisted, “buyers are providing cap ital for industries over which they have no control and from which they received no dividends. “This is a kind of taxation by corporation without representa tion,” Cruikshank told the commit tee, which is a part of the Joint Congressional Committee on- the Economic Report, set up under the Employment Act of 1946. “Corporate profits, after taxes, tn 1948 will be moup five times what they were during the period 1936-39,” CIO Research & Educa tion Director Stanley Ruttenberg told the committee. He drew up an indictment of “the self-interest, short-sighted, depression-producing thinking of American industry that must be altered if we are to avoid serious economic dislocations.” He urged Chairman Ralph Fland ers (R., Vt.) to take up with the spokesmen for steel corporations, who will appear this week and next week, the CIO’s charge that the steel industry is holding back ex pansion and keeping high reserves and “is safeguarding itself against the depression which it believes will inevitably come.” And these very actions, Ruttenberg warned, are hastening a depression. “It is the old fashioned notion,” he said, “of making profits thru moderate levels of production and high prices, instead of making the same level of profits or at least a reasonable level of profits thru low prices and maximum production." The AFL’s proposals for tackl- Machinists Open Re-Entry Talks Washington (LPA)—Conferences looking toward re-entry of the Int’l Association of Machinists— largest union unaffiliated with either AFL or CIO—into the AFL are being held here this week. No )uick agreement is anticipat ed from the discussions, which are expected to involve AFL Executive Council members and the top of ficers of IAM. The Machinists were suspended from the AFL in 1945, after the union stopped per capita payments of about $100,000 a year to the AFL. Several long-standing juris dictional disputes with other AFL internationals led to the break when the IAM was unable to ob tain a satisfactory settlement from the AFL Executive Council. The decision to withhold per capita payments was later confirm ed in a membership referendum, by a four-to-one vote. Officers Elected By Local Union No. 124 At the last meeting of Local Union 124 on Dec. 13, the follow ing officers were elected for the first six months of 1949: Clair Armstrong, president Allan Rose, vice president Harold Williams, financial secretary Norman Whip pier, recording secretary Carlos Sayre, treasurer Frances Green wood, inspector Grover Jackipan, guard Harry Cresswell, statistic ian Paul Miller, trustee* ing the related problems of infla tion and profits, Cruikshank said, start off with a proposal that Pre sident Truman convene early in 1949 a conference of business, la bor and farmers “to examine facts and propose a joint voluntary pro gram in cooperation with the gov ernment to stop inflation.” He urged a “sound” federal monetary policy, and said that in any new tax legislation the present heavy tax burden on low-income families should be remembered. “In view of the drastic price rises and the policy of many com panies to charge all the traffic will bear,” the AFL spokesman said, *‘labor cannot refrain from asking maximum wage increases unless we have assurance from employers that they will meet our salaries by following policies which will avoid price increases and permit prices trrMecline where they are unduly high.” will call for an excess profits tax and undistributed profits tax, qrder that the present high of speculative profits can be away.” J- about Asked by Sen. Flanders the AFL proposal for a labor-bus iness-farm-government conference, the CIO spokesman indicated that his organization didn’t think that voluntary measures would be suf ficient. For a discussion of “long term objectives,” Ruttenberg thought a conference might prove useful. He recalled that the ses sion of these groups seven years ago, called at the suggestion of President Philip Murray, bogged down when .the conference rejected Murray’s proposal to discuss wages. United Auto Workers President Walter Reuther will appear before the committee Dec. 17, and is ex pected to take up in more detail the profits claims of General Motors and other big-business out fits which will be heard earlier in the week. Green Optimistic About Next Year New York (LPA)—AFL Presi dent William Green said last week that he looks to the new Congress to make “decided progress” in putting liberal labor and social sec urity legislation on our statute books. It has a clear mandate to repeal the Taft-Hartley law, Green re minded several thousands of peo ple in New York’s Needle Trades High School who gathered to pay tribute to him on the occasion of his receiving an award for “his many years of courageous leader ship in humanitarian causes.” Donor of the award was the Workmen’s Circle, a fraternal order of progressive trade union ists. “Mr. Truman’s victory last month was a victory for all of us,” the veteran AFL chieftain said. “Reports reaching us from labor organizations thruout the world show that workers everywhere share our feeling that the election was a victory for liberalism, pro gress and freedom.” Among the other speakers was Assistant Labor Secretary Ralph Wright. Speaking of President Green, Wright said: “His lifelong campaign against intolerance is one of the many con tributions which have won him re cognition and the plaudits of all good Americans. He has always defended the rights and dignity of all men, regardless of their race, color, creed, j?r national origin,” Renewed Interest Being Shown By Members Of No. 3! Beaver Falls, Pa.—Local Union 33 is in the inflationary circle— that s as far as attendance goes. The turnout at our last few meet ings has Increased about two |un dred percent. The main reason for the increas in attendance is the renewed in terest of the members who are en deavoring to seek a solution to settle several problems about the shop that have been by-passed for a long time. This fact was brought to our at tention by President Duffy on a re cent visit to the plant. At a meet ing with the management in ydiich very little was accomplished, we were made to realize what laxity and indifference to conditions about the shop will bring about. The present officers feel the local as a whole place the blame on them, when really it is the fault of the membership for not support ing the officers. Our chosen offic ials can only carry out the wishes of the local. Election of officers for the new term will be held at our next meet ing. It is the duty and privilege of every member to vote for the of ficers of their choice and then back them one hundred percent. Only through complete harmony in the local can we hope to accomplish anything worth while. The committee who have been investigating the problems in the printing room will make their re port at the next meeting. Bro. Harry Snook who has been off through illness for the past five months is up and around again. Although the special convention nas been postponed until some time in the new year, Local Union 33 will send their full quota to the parley. Leonard Greco, Bradford Townsend, Walter Hamilton, Will iam Rose and Chester Fisher were elected delegates.—O.C. 33 Canonsburg Couple Will Celebrate 50th Anniversary in levels taxed Mr. and Mrs. James Green, vet eran potters, will celebrate their Golden Wedding anniversary at their home in Canonsburg, Satur day, Dec. 18. The couple was united in mar riage at Midway, Pa. on Dec. 21, 1898, with Mr. Walter Green of East Liverpool and Mrs. Frances Ritchie of Camden, Pa. brother and sister of Mr. Green as attendants. Their children will hold a dinner for the honored couple at noon, followed by open house from 4 to 6 p. m. for their many friends wish ing to offer congratulations. The evening will be spent in old fash ioned square dancing. Mr. and Mrs. Green are both life long potters, Mr. Green now re tired, started his career in East Liverpool and last worked at his trade as jiggerman at the W. S. George Pottery in Canonsburg. Mrs. Green is still employed as a finisher at the Canonsburg Pottery. Both are members of Local Union No. 51, National Brotherhood of Operative Potters. Mr. and Mrs. Green have eight children and twenty grandchildren who will join with them in cele brating the occasion, Mr. Ray mond Green, Huntington, W. Va. Mrs. Myrtle Wilson, Beach Bottom, W. Va. Mrs. Virginia Caldwell, Wheeling, W. Va. Mr. Wallace Green, Elmer Green and Clemith Green all of Canonsburg, Pa. and Mrs. Mildred Crawford and Mrs. Alice Martin, Dearborn, Mich. teller Demands nvestment Probe Washington (LPA)—An investi gation of investments of funds by the nation’s insurance companies will be asked of the House Judici ary Committee by its incoming chairman, Rep. Emanuel Celler (D., N.Y.). This was made clear in a state ment he gave reporters 'here last week, charging that “insurance companies are reaching out in so many directions that they are con stituting an actual menace to the economy of the nation.” Five of .the big firms in the New York area, he said, have a yearly income of more than $5 billion Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. owns two apartment-communities in New York City alone. Celler said that the insurance companies (Tars to Page Two\ Plans All Set For Party At Buffalo Saturday, Dec. 18 Oe htw ilerald Buffalo, N. Y.—Local No. 76 held its regular meeting on Friday, December 3rd, with an above aver age attendance. They were reward ed with a big smile from President Carl Heintz because he thinks this is much nicer than talking to vac ant chairs. After the initiation of Leo Ma kowski of the general department, the local went into a discussion of conditions on the gtost. kiln caud&l by the stepping up of the kiln. The chief complaint was having to draw and load hot cars. Some seemed to think there was no remedy for this condition but the majority opinion seemed to be to give the firm, who is aware of the conditions, time, to work it out and that eventually things would be satisfactory. The details of the Christmas party to be held December 18th, were gone over thoroughly and it was decided that those who cared to could bring their friends and that those who did so would be responsible for their behavior, and would sign their own friends’ names to the ticket. *. 4 K ♦a E. 1ST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, THURSDAY, December 16, 1948 and their admission all over It was reported that time had been stopped in the shop but that 40 hours had been assured. After hearing several reports about other plants being on short time, we are thankful for this assurance. Officers for the coming six months were nominated. Further nominations and election of offic ers will be held at our next meet ing on December 17th. We hope the members will turn out in full force for this meeting as there is something very special coming up. Tobey Wonders Too Polite To Mi Boston (LPA)—Sen. Charles W. Tobey (R., N.H.) last week asked the Commissioner of Internal Rev enue whether his department act ed in cases of multi-million-dollar trusts as it would act in the cases of “humble people who are not im portant people or people of large means.” The gentlemanly New England Senator told Commissioner George J. Schoeneman that he wondered why there was such a delay in col lecting back taxes from three char itable trusts connected with Tex tron, Inc., a textile firm under in vestigation by Tobey’s subcommit tee. Hearings on the devious financial practices of Textron’s president, Royal Little, were begun last Sept ember when Textile Workers Un ion of America protested the clos ing of a sheet mill in Nashua, N. H. As a result of the publicity, the mill was not closed, but TWUA President Emil Rieve demanded to know how Little got away with some of the tricks he had pulled. It turned out that the textile op erator was using “charitable” trust funds to avoid ta^es and using money from the funds to buy and sell factories at. a profit. When tax commissioner Schoeneman was ask ed to testify he didn’t show up. When subpoened last week he re fused to divulge information on Textron, claiming that he is pro-* W:- 1 I bCHMOOS SAVE THE DAY—-U. S. Army Skymisters, flying the Berlin airlift route, parachuted 100 schmoo balloons with cards that could be exchanged for CARE lard packages. Here are the lucky Berlin youngsters collecting. It’s not too late for you to send CARE packages for the holiday months. A lard pack age costs $5.50 for any of ten European countries and $6.50 for Berlin. Delivery is guaranteed. Send checks io CARE, 50 Broad St., New York, N. Y. N. Y. DAY —U. S. Army Skymisters, flying the Berlin airlift route, parachuted 100 Rourke Retains Presidency Of Local Union 70 Minerva, Ohio—Local Union No. 70 at their regular meeting on Dec. 9 elected officers for the first six months of the new year. A fine turnout was on hand which result ed in spirited contests for all posts. Following are the results: John Rourke, president James Miller, vice president F. I. Reed, financial secretary-treasurer Abe Edwards, recording secretary Fem Mandley, inspector Glen Haines, guard Sylvanus DeBee, statistic ian Harley Weisenbarger, defense collector James Rutledge and Sylvanus DeBee, trustees. A, To members of the Executive Board and the trade in general, the members of Local Union 70 wish to take this medium of expressing to all, A Very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.—O.C. *70 NY Times Reports Profits In Public Washington (LPA)—There was a gleam in Sen. Joseph O’Ma honey’s eye when the Wyoming Democrat read into the record of the Congressional profits investi gation an article from the previous Sunday’s New York Times. The headline read: “INDUSTRY’S PROFITS UP ALL ALONG LINE.” “Earnings of the nation’s man ufacturing industries for the third quarter of this year outstripped the previous two quarters, lifting the combined earning in the first nine months of 1948 to a peacetime high for the period,” the Times story opened. Reporting an increase of 33% (Turn to Page Two) If Tax Bureau Is ilti-Miliionaires hibited by law from giving out in formation on tax returns. Last week’s hearings also turn ed up the fact that Textron is now building mills in Puerto Rico where labor is cheaper, and that these mills will be free of taxes for 12 years. Tobey wound up the hearings by declaring that he will go after .the “loopholes” in present tax laws so that this kind of finagling at the public’s expense will be stopped. A New Hampshire newspaper has been hinting editorially that Little may close down all his New Hampshire operations, throwing thousands of people out of work, in revenge for the union’s insist ence that the hearings be held. While the investigation has reveal ed much in the public interest, it has more than embarrassed Little. Speaking to the Massachusetts Convention here last week, TWUA leader Rieve demanded measures to curb “irresponsible manage ment” in New England. He pointed out that the high cost of clothing manufactured there is largely due to the high cost and short supply of electric power in the region. The shortage exists because indus trialists and some public officials have opposed public power por jects in the area. Rieve suggested that instead of complaining about the “unfair” competition of TV A power, they set up their own TV A. Cambridge Plant Will Switch Over To New Product Cambridge, Ohio The biggest news from these parts is that Uni versal Potteries, Inc. will soon have a third plant making dinner ware when Plant No. 2 will be con verted from stoneware to general ware after the first of the year. Production here has slowed .to about half in the past few weeks, but should pick up next month ac cording to reports. Few employees have been layed off although moat all of us are on short time. Marie Adams, Vice Chairman, i* acting Chairman in the absence of James Coffey, who is working in East Liverpool district temporar ily. At our last meeting, it was de cided to elect local officers at our next meeting December 22. Mrs. Fred Green and Albert Van Camp, our social committee, have agreed to cook up some kind of entertain ment before Christmas. These af fairs have been well worth while in the past so let’s all attend and have a good time. A few brothers from Cambridge recently attended a meeting of the “leftwingers” of our organization in East Liverpool. They made a re port of their observations at our last meeting. Some may wonder what good may come from such do ings but I for one am content to wait and see, for in any organiza tion in which dissension appears, things often work out for the best. If affairs need putting to right and a housecleaning is in order, let’s do it, but do it right.—O.C. 122 Charters Union Of Flight Engineers Washington, D. C. (ILNS). The Flight Engineers Internation al Association has received an Am erican Federation of Labor chart er, becoming the 106th national or international union affiliated with the federation. Issuance of the charter was approved by the AFL Executive Council in November. AFL President William Green presented .the charter at the feder ation’s headquarters here to a committee of 4 presidents of sep arate associations of flight engine ers which are merging to form the new union. The committee consist ed of L. Flaherty, of San Fran cisco, Pan American Airways K. Kidd, of Kansas City, Trans World Airlines J. Anderson, of N. Y. City, American Overseas Air line and T. Beverly, of Miami, Eastern Air Lines. Following issuance of the chart er, the Flight Engineers Interna tional Association held its first convention at the Lexington Hotel, New York City, to elect officers. Its present membership is 1,000, which includes about 97 percent of .the flight engineers now employed on airlines. Its potential member ship is about 3,000. The union representatives ex plained that flight engineers are responsible for mechanical effic iency and safety on the larger type of commercial airplanes. The Civil Aeronautics Board now requires that a flight engineer be a part of the crew of airline planes with a gross weight of 80,000 pounds. Ttht «4 3-Week Illness Claims Life Of Otto S. Beyer Washington, D. C. (ILNS). Otto Stemoff Beyer, nationally known labor relations expert, mem ber of the National Mediation Board from 1936 to 1942 and a leader in labor-management coop eration for more than a quarter of a century, died here Dec. 8 after a 3-week illness. He was 62. Beyer, who was a member of the International Association of Ma chinists, became interested in the idea of cooperation between labor and management early in his car eer. His views came to the atten tion of the late Daniel Willard, president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, who sponsored the well known labor-management coopera tion plan on that railroad. Beyer directed the plan and it won the at tention of Sir Henry’ W. Thornton, president of the Canadian Nation al Railways, who invited him to sponsor such a plan on the Canad ian railroad. As industrial relations consult ant to the Tennessee Valley Auth ority, Beyer developed a success ful labor relations plan in coop eration with a group of AFL un ions, whose members are employed on the project. He served in a similar capacity with the Bonne ville Power Authority, the U. S. Maritime Commission, the Alaska Railroad and the U. S. Interior De partment. Bom in Woodbridge, N. J., Sept. 18, 1886, Beyer was graduated from the Stevens Institute of Tech nology in 1907 and did graduate work at the Universities of New York and Pennsylvania. From 1920 to 1933 he was Director of Labor Relations for the Federal Coordi nator of Transportation. Subse quently he served on the National Mediation Board and resigned to become Director of the Division of Transportation Personnel of the (Turn to Page Two) NOTICE L. U. 51 Canonsburg, Pa. A very important meeting has been called for Monday, Dec. 20 in our regular meeting room in Slovac Hall. Business of vital importance will be transacted and officers elected for the first six months of 1949. All members are urgently request ed to be present. OFFICIAL ORGAN NATIONAL BROTHERHOOBt 1 OF OPERATIVE POTTERS Spaulding China Company Holds Family Party At Alliance Country Club Sebring, Ohio—More than 200 employes and friends joined in the iulding Ch ua Company “family party” to herald the coming of Santa Claus, when they gathered at the Alliance Country Club Dec. 10. Gjv.'n, in the words of President Morris Feinberg, “not because we want to make friends with our employes, but rather because we are frit', ’b of our employe .” the party was launched with a full-course turkey dinner given in the main banquet hall, and ended with dancing as the afternoon social feature. James G. Eardley, general manager of Spaulding, and Daniel Eisenberg, vice president, shared the master of ceremonies chore as the Present Officers Of Local No. 156 Receive New Term East Palestine, Ohip—Local 156 dected its officers for next year at a 4:15 meeting on Monday, Dec. 7th. All the old officers will be re tained for the next six nths be cause we are well sat.oi.ed with 1r ir work. Just for the record we will list Dn-rward PeteiBim, r.— man, vice president Esther Bu hecker, recording secretary Zelma Me Co win, financial secretary Dorothy Werner, defense collector Clark Ulbrich, inspe»r August Brueckman, statistician. guard Vrkna Boren, it is a little over a before Santa Claus Although week away mak- his visit, and we might say a little early to be planning for the new year, just a little reminder to our membership—Why not make one of your resolutions for the New Year to be faithful attendance at meetings of your local union. Congratulations to Thelma on her recent marriage. We hope Gloria Satterwhite will be back soon and we’re glad to see the sliphouse fqgemanjmcl^ again after his illness. The $64 question: Have you been && Mfough this last year that your sure Santa Claus will stop. 1 got ashes in my stocking last year and hope I’ve been good enough to rate a few chunks of coal year!—O.C. 156 N: W $2.00 PER YEAR “^officers of the company were pre sented and each gave a word of welcome to the workers. The highlight of the program was the presentation of gifts, and the appearance of James Turner as Santa Claus to present laugh-pro voking presents to many of the employes and guests. Individuals receiving these gifts from Santa included E. F. Cannel, James Simpson, Nick Popa, Ray Rutledge, Frank Weizenecker, Simon tomey Clyde Miller, Fisch, who it Assistant At General of New Jersey, Hardy, Albert Simes, Bee president of the Royal 4 'ompany, J. Harrison Kel ler," president of the Limoges China Company, Alden McClelland, and John Hotchkiss. Turkeys went to Mrs. Carrie Wilson and John Dorff. Myrtle Johnson was given a radio Mrs. Hazel Ellis, a toaster, Lofland, a lamp. and David in Sebring the guest Officials of industry were .represented at table. this David Borowitz, secretary of Spaulding, and Irving Miller, trea surer, joined with Eisenberg and Feinberg in welcoming the throng. Miller spoke of the association of the offic I with the firm, saying, that “coi r. lence in our fellowmen. is truly of the good gifts of at lifetime.” The officers of the firm, “in ap-* preci&tion of the dependability of Ji*,*' Eardley with ap television set. Anthony Cardinal, on behalf of the employes, present- ed a facsimile of a bronze plaque to the officers of the firm. This plaque will be hung, when cast, in the Sebring plant. Included in the program was group singing, with music during the meal, and Nick Popa as a “jack in the box” in a presentation to the women of the plant. IAM Alerted For State Laws Fight Washington (LPA)—The Inti Association of Machinists-unaffili ated alerted its lodges last week for an all-out fight for improved state labor legislation. Most state legislatures—44 of them—will meet this year, and all but two of these convene in Janu ary. Noting that most state IAM or ganizations have already prepared their legislative programs, A. J. Hayes, secretary of the Machinists’ Nonpartisan Political League, ad vised the rest to get on the ball. The actions of the state law makers “can be just as beneficial or just as harmful to the working people as the activitiies of the Congress,” he said. US out 1— Three issues were singled by Hayes for special attention: repeal of little Taft-Hartley laws in 17 states 2—increased unem ployment insurance benefits 3— higher minimum wages under state laws to conform with the $1 an hour minimum which organized la bor will ask of the 81st Congress. Recently, the IAM leader said, three states—Massachusetts, Maine and New Mexico—have rejected anti-labor proposals, but two— North Dakota and Arizona—have fallen for them. Miners Consent To Allegations Washington (LPA)—The United Mine Workers last week permitted the NLRB to record, without cen test, a decree against the union to clear board dockets of four com plaints against the union. All of the employer allegations, which NLRB General Counsel Rob ert Denham’s office picked up, charge the union with having coer ced workers thru mass picketing during last spring’s coal strike. No guarantee was given by the UMW, however, that when the NLRB files its decree with a US circuit court, it won’t discover that it has walked into a hornet’s nest.