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‘5- Power Shortqge Threatens Entire Nation This Winter There may be layoffs in your plant this year because of a power shortage. Already, there are electricity shortages in some parts of the country which come close to the war-time “brown-outs.” Utility companies are asking their con sumers to save. How this shortage dhmW about is an interesting story. What’s going to be done about it is even more interesting. You may be hit by a power lack in your community be cause the private electric compan ies have refused to expand (fear 1 ing they’ll get caught in a de pression) and have, at .the same time, fought the expansion of pub lic power projects or cooperatives. Panic has swept the electrical industry since the elections. The big money boys are afraid that now the people have spoken, they will get some of the valley develop ment projects, dams, and .trans mission lines which they so urgent ly need. You can’t accuse the power lob byists of being quitters, tho. They’Jl fight to the last ditch. The Edison Institute has announced that it will fight against appropria tions for a new TVA steam plant again in the next Congress. It des cribed the steam plant (which will soon be needed by factories and homes in the valley) as “another decisive crossroad on the march toward regional socialism on a large scale.” The Nat’l Association of Elec trie Companies, which represents the majority of the industry, has declared war on all government power projects of any sort. They have boasted that they will spend at least $315,000 on the fight dur ing the coming session of Con gress. One thing they hope to achieve is equal tax requirements for private and public power util ities. Two pamphlets out recently give the pro and con of the controversy, which has been and will be kicked around as long as the private pow er boys feel as tho someone is in fringing upon their rights to gouge consumers. One, “An Analysis of the Real Cost of TVA Power,” written by C. J. Green, for the US Chamber of Commerce, is a masterpiece in statistical gobbledegook. Green re minds one of the definition of a statistician—someone who comes to foregone conclusions on the basis of unwarranted assumptions the conclusions in this case being that private companies (Green takes a hypothetical private com pany of his own design for com parison) can produce much more cheaply than public power, com panies. First laying emphasis on the fact that the tax differential -between TVA and his hypothetical ^company amounts to $121,000,000 annually, Green then proceeds to state that “no tax comparison. is ever completely satisfactory.” Because Green does not take into ^consideration the other factors in volved in the case for public pow der, his picture is obviously one sided. In a pamphlet put out by the You Can See the Cream ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SANITARY Used Exclusively By Golden Star Dairy Phone 3200 imera Dawson b------------------------------------------------ American Public Power Ass’n— “Public Power Pays,” by Carlton L. Nau—the other factors are forcefully pointed out. This pamph let comes to the understandable conclusion .that public power com panies actually pay more taxes than do the private power ones. Why? Because private power com panies consider taxes as a part of operating costs and therefore pawn it off on consumors in higher rates. More important, however, is the fact that private power companies simply are not able to meet the demands of the nation. These are the same boys who called the Grand Coulee and TV A “white elephants” when they were in the process of development. It turned out the white elephants coyld be used after all. Frank Mc Laughlin, president of the $140, 000,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co., a typical public power opponent, now finds that he has to purchase power from federal sites. McLaughlin recently held his nose and urged Congress to increase ap propriations for generating facilit ies at Bonneville Dam in Oregon and Grand Coulee in Washington. He hated the idea, but he damned well couldn’t do without the power. West coast industrialists, who are being hit right now, are swal lowing their distaste for the pub lic projects, but others thruout the country, stubbornly refuse to look ahead to when they will be in the same spot. Maybe they’ve gat enough dough stacked up to with stand it. But you’re the one who will be laid off. BLS To Report On Labor Peace New York (LPA)—The Bureau of Labor Statistics from now on will publish data on labor-manage ment peace as well as industrial strife, Assistant Labor Secretary John Gibson declared last week. Only about 2,000,000 workers out of the approximately 15,500, 000 union members in the US cov ered by contracts were involved in strikes in 1948, Gibson pointed out. But, he remarked, the public gen erally knows far more about strikes and their causes than it does about “the causes of labor peace.” The Labor Dep’t official praised the reports on industrial peace now being issued by the Nat’l Planning Association. “Personalities of the individuals representing labor and manage ment are major stumbling blocks in 75% of the cases where friction arises,” Gibson said. He criticized “eager beaver” company represent atives who try to chisel on work ers’ justified demands, and union men who try to improve their posi tion in union politics by their per formance at the bargaining table. A large number of strikes were inevitable in the reconversion year of 1946, Gibson said. But in 1947 there was a sharp decline in work stoppages, indicating a tendency towards better labor-management relations. This trend was halted by the enactment of the Taft-Hartley law, he explained in a sp^ch to the Bronx Rotary Club. Gibson told the business men that good industrial relations can only be based upon free collective luirgaining, not repressive legisla tion. Every human being has a work to carry on within, duties to per form abroad, influences to exert, which are peculiarly his, and which no conscience but his own can teach. ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu tive funerals conducted by the DAWSON follows! 10% Funeral Home are as. Were------Under $150 Were Under $300 Were Under $500 Were------Over $500 Funeral Home *SO MUCH ... for so little" 215 Woet Fifth Street Phone Main 10 New York (LPA)—Labor and liberals in the US must not be satisfied with election day wins only. They must stay in politics the year round, Senator-elect Hu 1 bert Humphrey (D, Minn.) told a League for Industrial Democracy dinner in his honor hist week. Chairman of the dinner was LID President Nathaniel Minkoff, sec retary of the New York Dress Joint Board, Int’i Ladies Garmeht Work ers Union-AFL. Among the pro minent unionists present were ILGWU President David Dubinsky, New York State CIO President Louis Hollander, and President A. F. Whitney of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. “Labor can no longer content it self with being merely a campaign partner in the fight for a liberal program,” Humphrey told his list eners, many of them leaders of un ions which elected him to office over anti-labor Sen. Joseph Ball (R, Minn.). “Organized labor and liberals flex their political muscles every two to four years. It is the decisive factor in winning elections for the Democratic party—my party. But it has never been accepted or forc ed its way into the inner councils of the strategy board and planning committees of the party structure,” the new Senator declared. Urging labor to take advantage of its victory, Humphrey said: “In this year of 1948, victory for liberal democracy will be deter mined and evaluated not by the celebrations over the vote count ing on Nov. 2, but by performance on the pledges of the platform of July 1948. The people in America voted on issues. The people voted for an expansion and continuation of the beginning that was the New Deal.” Discussing foreign policy issues, Humphrey said that “our national leadership must clearly under stand that democratic rehabilita tion of Europe is to be found in the. cooperative movement, the trade unions, the social democratic parties—those who during the ‘thirties had the courage to resist the onrush of fascism and the tem ptations of Communism.” Just as the election was a rebuke to reaction it was also a mandate to make “no compromise with Com munism abroad, or fuzzy-thinking parlor-pink Communist frontism at home,” the Minneapolis mayor pointed out. I LG W U President Dubinsky warned that the reactionaries left in Congress will talk “compromise” when the new legislature meets. He said that they will attempt to deprive labor of the fruits of its victory, for “within those velvet gloves there is the nailed fist of antagonism to union labor.” The ILGWU leader also remind ed the Democratic party that labor has not given it “an unconditional vote of confidence.” He declared that tho administration and the new Congress will be judged by their adherence to the liberal-la bor policy of the Democratic plat form. Despite the fact that “the Com munist-created Wallace adventure has served to discredit and make obnoxious the idea of a third party,” such independent political action was long the hope of sin cere liberals and union people, Dubinsky said. If they suffer “dis illusionment” at the hands of the people they elected in November, there will be a “drastic and pro found change in their attitude to wards the Democratic party and its leaders.” In such a situation, Dubinsky as serted, “the millions who voted for the liberal-labor line will seek other channels of political expres sion. New life and new substance will be infused into the idea of a third party, of a party that will have the blessings and support of the entire labor-liberal front as no such political undertaking has had before.” WILD ABOUT HARRY—First disc to be cut by musicians when the week was a super-rendition of “I’m Just Wild About Harry” dedicated to James C. Petrillo of the American Federation of Muslcians-AFL leads a “million dollar” chorus of Victor recording stars in their special version of the song which was sent directly to the President, wishing him “A Merry Christmas and a Truman New Year.” Humphrey Wants Labor Active In Politics Full-Time CIO Asks Unity On Capitol Hill Washington (LPA)—With ap proval of all of CIO’s vice-presi dents, President Philip Murray last week invited the AFL and the Rail way Labor Executives Ass’n to meet with CTO to plan joint legis lative activities in the new Con gress. Murray said that “the CIO and the AFL are in substantial agree ment in their support of the,legis lative program to which President Truman and his incoming admin istration are pledged.” Joint action on Capitol Hill would be “the greatest contribution our organiza tions can make towards realizing this constructive program,” the CIO chieftain declared. He pointed out that .the 80th Congress and its infamous Taft Hartley law have been repudiated at the polls, and said that “unity of action is imperative if the man date given by the people to* the 81st Congress is to be realized thru the enactment of appropriate and long delayed legislation. Murray suggested that “appro priate committees of our respec tive organizations meet as quickly as possible for the purpose of co ordinating our efforts in support of a common program of legislative activity.” The CIO invitation was extended to the unaffiliated Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and Brother hood of Locomotive Engineers as well as to the AFL and RLEA. Machinists Score $241 Wage Gains Washington (LPA) During 1948 the 700,900 men and women covered by lnt’1 Association of Machinists contracts averaged $241.28 in pay increases, headquarters revealed last This means $168,000,000 in tional pay was won by the from employers. The IAM putation does not include the amounts which about 100,000 of its members will receive when cur rent railroad wage discussions end. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO IAM week, addi union com- President Harvey Brown re marked that these victories were won in Taft-Hartley’s harshest year. He admitted that T-H has slowed down the IAM, as it has all unions. Living costs have gone up 35% since 1946, he said, while 1AM wages have advanced 30%. In addition to direct pay boosts of 11.6c an hour IAM members have also won 3.2c an hour’s worth of “fringe benefits”—paid holidays and vacations, pension plans, im proved classifications—for a total economic gain of 14.8c for 1948. Altho the IAM was able to pre serve its record of settling better than 99% of its negotiations with out interruption of work, the un ion was forced by the Taft-Hartley atmosphere to take double the number of strike votes it did last year, Brown declared. COVENANT RILE ENFORCED Annapolis, Md. (LPA)—In one of the first decisions by a state supreme court following a United States Court ruling, the Maryland Court of Appeals last week struck another blow at “restrictive coven ants” by ruling them unenforce able in court. Case involved was that of the waterfront develop ment along Magethy River. The agreement rejected would have banned sales not only to Negroes, but to Chinese and Japanese as well. Every quotation contributes the stability or en the language to of something largement recording ban was lifted last President Truman. President WILLIAM E. HUGHES William E. Hughes of Salem, a native of East Liverpool and owner-operator of the Hughes Pot tery in Salem, died Dec. 21 in the Salem City Hospital of a heart con dition. He was 54. One of the founders of the King wood China Co. in East Palestine, he became ill about 10 p. m. Mon day and was removed to the hos pital. Bom here March 23, 1894, he was a member of the East Liver pool Knights Templar, the Masonic orders in East Palestine and the Youngstown Grotto. He was a pot ter his entire life. He is survived by his wife, the former Sadie Lewis three broth ers, John Hughes of Carrollton, and Harold Hughes and George Hughes of Sebring, and three sis ters, Mrs. Nettie Reed of East Liverpool, Mrs. Maude Israel Sebring, and Mrs. Anna Nageli California. Gerard, who lived here for many years, weht to Chicago about 10 year^ ago to make his home. Then moved to Elgin. He was sup erintendent of the decorating °’.iop in the old D. E. McNicol Pottery here for several years. He was born in Germany and come to America at an early age. He leaves his widow, Mrs. Flor ence Gerard two sons, William J. Gerard of Elgin, and Lawrence Gerard of Evanston, Ill., two daughters, Mrs. Margaret Mc Carthy and Mrs. Olive Roth of Chicago, and five grandchildren. Vice President Turner Convalescing At Home Sixth Vice President George Turner is convalescing at his home in Columbiana, following his dis charge from the City Hospital where he had been a patient for the past several days. “Cotton” is well along the road of recovery but the nature of his illness requires him being bedfast over the holi days. To his many friends who remem bered him while he was confined in the hospital, he wishes to extend his sincere thanks, and to the trade in general he takes this means of wishing all a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year, with the ardent hope that in the new year we may find a solution to end the internal strife within the organ ization. Comment On World Events “One of the happiest events in this holiday season, it seems to us, is the adoption by the United Na tions General Assembly of the Uni versal Declaration of Human Rights.” This column agrees with the foregoing expression of opinion from The Machinist, weekly news paper of the International Asso ciation of Machinists. Labor throughout the world can hail the Declaration of Human Rights as an ideal to be attained everywhere, even in nations now under total itarian rule. There is no reason why the United States and all the free nations cannot gradually ex tend the principles of the declara tion into a world establishment of peace and justice. For trade unionists, as The Ma chinist points out, “.the Declaration of Human Rights is particularly significant, proclaiming among other things, the right to work, to leisure, to medical care, to paid holidays, to decent housing and to decent clothes.” “It is true,” The Machinist fur ther says, “that a large part of the rights in the declaration are not now guaranteed by law in even the most socially advanced coun tries. For many years, at least, some of these rights will undoubt edly remain in the realm of aspira tion rather than law. “But for men of good will every where the Declaration of Human Rights has a significance that can not be cast aside. It is a constant reminder of how far, in actual practice, we mortals constantly fall short of the goals to which we, in our best moments, aspire.” Thie Declaration of Human Rights has only moral authority until the next regular meeting of the UN General Assembly in September, 1949. Before that meet ing opens, a human rights coven ant is to be drafted. The covenant would obligate signatory nations to respect individual rights or face penalties. Western delegates to the Assem bly described the declaration as a “potent ideological weapon” against communism.** Russia and her allies in the Slav bloc made the palpably absurd argument that it would foster fascism everywhere, and tried to defeat it with a filibuster. of in I JOSEPH A. GERARD Joseph A- Gerard, 67, former East Liverpool potter, died in St. Joseph’s Hospital ifi Elgin, HL, following a brief illness. Eight nations abstained from voting. They were South Africa,1 Saudi Arabia and Russia and her five allies—Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, White Russia and the I Soviet Ukraine, Honduras and Yemen were recorded as absent. The preamble of the declaration says: “The recognition of the in herent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of the human family is the foundation of justice and peace in the world.” Some of its provisions call for, without regard to race, color or sex: Freedom of thought, conscience and religion, of opinion, express ion and assembly. Prohibition of slavery. Freedom of movement within a country and the right to .travel abroad. Right to hold pro perty. Privacy of the home. Right to work and to have a free choice of work. Protection’against unem ployment. Right to free education. Right to leisure. Predicts New Labor International New York (LPA)—David Dub insky, president of the Int’i Ladies Garment Workers Union-AFL, pre dicts that a “new and genuine in ternational federation of free trade unions is in the making.” The ILGWU leader declares in an article in Foreign Affairs that when the British Trades Union Congress and the CIO decide to pull out of the World Federation of Trade Unions, which includes Russian-dominated groups, the AFL will join them in helping create a new democratic world or ganization of labor. Gene Kelly, as the dashing D’Artagnan, makes love to Lana Turner, playing the beautiful Lady de Winter in “The Three Musketeers,” filpi ization of the fumed Alexandre Dumas novel, which opens Christmas Day at the Ceramic Theatre. Also starred in one of the year’s top casts are June Allyson as Constance, Van Heflin as Athos and Angela Lansbury as Queen Anne of France. i New York City (ILNS). The*—---------------- Seafarers Log, weekly publication of the Seafarers International Un ion, Atlantic and Gulf District, as sails the decision of the Economic Cooperation Administration to end the equal division of ECA cargoes between American and foreign ships. The move, it charges, means abandonment of American stand ards of pay, working conditions and safety regulations in the U. S. Maritime industry and is a blow at American standards of living generally. the heading, “Knifing Shipping,” the paper Under American says: “A full waged in Washington over the an nouncement by Paul Hoffman, ECA administrator, that the 50-50 div ision of ECA cargoes between U. S. and foreign ships will end this month unless American shippers reduce their rates to the level of foreign operators’ charges. scale fight is now being Congress Intent Held Violated “The battle, once thought won when Congress, in setting up the plan, overrode the wishes of the State Department to bypass Am erican shipping in favor of foreign operators, has flared up again as a result of Hoffman’s ultimatum of lower your standards or get out. “Shipping operators, maritime unions and the Maritime Commis sion, thunderstruck by Hoffman’s OF EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO SSaeta,,.W M-G-M present* ALEXANDRE DUMAS’ STARRING ’klTORNERLANA at Lady de Winter KellyGENE at D'Artagnan AllysonJUNE at Constance Hefliy at Atbot FRANK VINCENT KEENAN MORGAN PRICE WYNN JOHN GIG sunoii vow Screen Hay by Robert Ardrey Directed by GEORGE SIDNEY*Produced by PANDRO S. BERMAN A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Picture Thursday, December Seamen Assail Shipping Decision As Blow At U. S. Living Standards CERAMIC ONE WEEK COMMENCING CHRISTMAS DAY 23, 1943 arbitrary threat, which clearly violates the intent of Congress, are shaping up their defense for the battle which may decide the future of the American Merchant Marine. “Hoffman, in effect, has asked thnt American standards of wages, working conditions and safety reg ulations be abatidoned. The SIU, along with the others, refuses to bow to the whim of this ex-auto magnate. If nothing else, elemen tary econqmics should show Hoff man how wrong he is. As long as international trade has been in ex istance differences have existed in rates, wages and standards. “As long as conditions are not the same .the world over, steps must be taken to protect the Am erican standard of living. We hope other countries will eventually raise theirs to our level we refuse, however, to lower ours. “Elementary economics it is, but when a businessman goes shopping for Cheaper men and ships he doesn’t consider the long-range consequences of unemployment, ship lay-ups and heiKy relief rolls —all eventual government burdens. He sees only a way to do some thing as cheaply as possible. He’s bargain hunting at the expense of thousands of American seamen.” ——777— Penalties may be delayed, but they are sure to come. AND LOAN ASSOCIATION 1032 Pennsylvania Avenue beautifuuand so wickedi »«., .. She's gws*ivs In TECHNICOLOR! 4? ANGELA ADDED ATTRACTIONS------ News of the Day Selected Short Features Matinee Children....... 14c Evening Children....... 14c Continuous Show Christmas and Sunday 40c 55c Adults Adults. II op.