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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 06, 1949, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-01-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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Employment Outlook Shaky
Despite Rosey Predictions
Cleveland (LPA)—Altho some
business economists and statistic
ians last week at the meeting of
the Anaericnn Statistical A&s'n pre
dicted a record Ugh for employ
ment in 1949, the cool heads
thought otherwise.'
Dr. Emanuel A. Goldenweiner of
Vie Institute of Advanced Study,
tfu»r luUniiig to tliu.- optimistic
forecasts remarked that such
guesses are right only about once
out of every three .times, and said
th? business advisors are far too
While pointing to "a number of
cushioning factors” even Donald B.
Woodward a vice president of the
giant inve-tmemt combine, Mutual
Life In.-uraJuo Co., had to admit
that ‘‘the betting odds are that the
next move in business activity will
be down.”
Actual figures published by ce
liable government sources last
week seem to back up the pessi
mists more than the cheery souls.
The Cens-u- Bureau revealed that
in 1948 the available US working
force reached an all time peak of
63,S42,0u0 workers, with 51,932,000
for eon-ii- Hcultural industry—5,
600,f00 mute than during the war.
But. said the Labor Dep’t actual
employment in mid-November had
declined to 45,700,000 non-farm
workers, 170,000 below the October
level And this despite the fact that
in preparation for the Christmas
season wholesale and retail em
ployment had gone up by 140,000.
Then last week a number of rail
roads announced extensive layoffs,
the Chesapeake & Ohio dismissing
as many as 3000 workers while the
N w Haven & Hartford announced
that it will shortly make “exten
tixe” reductions in its 23,000-man
Much of this rail worker unem
plnyment is linked to production
h■ hues and layoffs in the coal
nines which began several months
These grim developments were
reflected in the December 4 report
of unemployment claims filed with
the Federal Security Agency. FSA
revealed that benefit claims for
th week numbered 1,075,900, or
119,000 more than the previous
week. New unemployment in the
food processing, textile?, and cloth
ing industries as well as seasonal
tin. mployment in construction and
lu..ii. ring are involved.
Further contraction of job op
portunities, as well ns mote con
ntration of business in the hands
of big corporations was fore
shadowed in year-end reports that
a number of large firms plan to do
all Ui- ir own work and cut out sub*
contracting. The ACF-Brill bus
joana lecturing company was one
corporation taking this position
and there are indications that the
Ford Motor Co. will follow suit.
New UAW-AFL Local Formed
Hartford, Conn. (ILNS).—Latest
affiliate of the United Automobile
Workers of America, affiliat'd with
the American Federation of Labor,
is IjocuI 966 representing workers
at the Accurate
Threat led Products
Co. Officers wen* elected ami in
stalled by International Represent
ative Joseph Bogucki, who was in
strumental in organizing the local.
Negotiations for a new contract
are under way.
The most important thought I
ever had was that of my individu
al responsibility ,to God.
John, Greta, Betty, Jack
Committee Says
Congress Needs
Changes In Rules
Washiritrtnn (LPA)—An attack
on the filibuster was one of the
key requests made of ah members
of the 81st Congress last veek by
the Nat’l Committee for Strength
ening Congress.
The Committee, which includes
people with views as varying as
CIO Secretary-Treasurer James B.
Carey and General Electric Presi
dent Charles E. Wilson, Agreed on
rules reforms it would lik to see
passed in the new Congress.
“Four great dangers now con
front the efficient functioning of
the 81st Congress,” said a letter
which went to all the Senators and
“1—Filibusters in the Senate
2—Blockades in the House
3—Hostile coalitions on the
4—Converting professional
committee staffs into patronage
“The filibuster,” wrote Commit
tee Chairman Robert Heller,
“makes the world’s greatest deli
berative body appear ridiculous to
the nation and the world.”
“House rules,” he said, “must be
changed to eliminate the veto
power of the Rules committee”
over other committees.
In discussing hostile coalitions
on the floor, the committee made
it clear that they consider the two
party system “the only way for
us to run our democracy.” Party
leaders should have the responsi
bility and power to select the
chairmen of the standing commit
tees instead of relying upon the
seniority system, they declared.
Finally, the group suggest'd that
the House follow the lead of the
Senate, “whose Committee on Ex
ecutive Expenditures has studied
ways and means of implementing
and improving the Legislative Re
organization Act of 1946. This act
provided for “professional staffing
of standing committees on a per
manent bn -is without regard to
political affiliations and solely on
the basis of fitness to perform the
duties of the office.”
(Continued From Page One)
Sherman Act has often been ex
pressed,” stated the report, “but
efforts to strengthen that policy.
have been blocked while one ex
ception of the anti-trust laws after
another have been provided. There
is no agreement upon any plan to
break up existing industrial giants
or to erect positive limits to the
expansion of others,” the Council
declared. “Study of the problem
must continue, toward the end of
creating competitive conditions
thruout industry and thereby re
moving the need for those posi
tive controls which alone could
protect the public if it cannot be
protected by restor'd competition.”
This postponing of the problem
by more studies is viewed with dis
favor by many labor people who
feel that the time for actions has
dime and that positive controls
must be provid'd before the giant
monopolies wreck our economy.
The economic council’s report to
the President is one of the sources
from which he can draw up his leg
islative nsiuests of the coming
Private Industry
(Cuulmutd I in Page One)
would not require a new atomic
energy law but would be legal
under the McMahon Act. To pub
lish information on certain sub
jects, however, “would ignore the
law 'completely,” he asserted.
Some labor observers take a dim
view of the industry proposals,
feeling that they head toward pri
vate control of the atom, which l*e
longa to the people.
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto youl
...... ~..^i***v*- w
Money Loaned
5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
Vice Presideal W. E. DUNLAP, JB. Attorney'
sefoetwfifieti ihxhi into BotnHiitttttttw*
Tax collections at all levels of
government—local, state, and fed
eral—amounted to $49.6 billion or
$344 for every man, woman and
child in these United States during
1947. The Federal Government col
lected three-fourths of these taxes,
$37 billion, while state and local
governments received $12.5 billion.
Alarmists are all too ready to
point to this huge tax bill and de
clare that our economy is going to
the bow-wows. Intelligent mem
bers of organized labor, however,
raise only two pertinent questions
regarding the desirability of one
fourth of our present national in
come being devoted to defraying
the costs of, government. They ask,
first, whether the present tax bur
den is necessary. Their second very
natural question is how the tax
burden ab«-cts the economy. It is
obvious that a tax policy that un
duly burdens one sector or another
of our economy may be one of the
major contributing factors to a
future depression.
Are Taxes Too High?
So in a discussion of labor’s tax
program, we must concern our
selves first with the amount of
taxes. At the present time account
must be taken of various prevail
ing factors such as high prices, full
employment, abnormally high pro
fits, and a national income at an
all-time high on the asset side of
the ledger. Then, on observing the
huge national debt, heavy defense
expenditures and costs of the
E.R.P. on the cost sheet, we can
not escape the conclusion that
taxes should remain high, certainly
as long as the present inflationary
trends continue and income and
production continue at a high level.
It is true, then, that taxes should
and probably will remain high for
the indefinite future. However, we
realize that when 25c out of each
$LC0 in the income stream goes
Randolph Warns
Fight Still On
Chicago (I.PA) President
Woodruff Randolph of the Int’l
Typographical Union-AFL hit a
realistic note in his New Year’s
message to union members last
He warned that the ITU’s fight
to preserve union standards will
have to be carried on against anti
union employers, with the same
vigor the union has shown in fight
ing Taft-Hartley restrictions, even
if that vicious law is repealed.
The financial burden of the
typos’ epochal fight against anti
labor legislation has been great,
he pointed out. “As matters stand
now," Randolph said, "it may well
be that another assessment will be
necessary after the present 4^%
expires in Feb. 1949.
“If employer propaganda suc
ceeds, even thru some of our mem
bers,- we will fail to keep the ITU
together,” 11 a n o 1 declared.
“This is true even if the Taft
Hartley law is repealed—because
of the added viciousness of the
fight against us.
“The Chicago papers,” he point
ed out, “have taken an attitude
that regardless of the repeal of
the Taft-Hartley law there are
matters vital to the ITU which the
publishers will not now agree to in
a contract, nor concede without
The same questions are raised in
a dozen other cities, the typos chief
said, in his call for continued sup
port by ITU 'memjjers everywhere
for their brothers on strike.
Organized Labor’s Stake In Tax Policy
Written for Workers Education Bureau of America by Arthur A. Elder
for taxes, there is a very real
danger that certain groups will
bear a disproportionaeely heavy
share of the tax burden.
Consider the wage-earner in the
$3,000 yearly income class, an in
come somewhat higher than mill
ions of Americans are receiving
even in this current period of high
dollar income. If such a wage-earn
er should pay 25% of his income
in taxes, his total tax bill would
be $750 and he would have $2,250
left after local, state, and Federal
tax collections have each taken
their share. In terms of purchasing
power, the 57.4-cent dollar of to
day would enable his $2,250 to buy
only what could be bought with
$4,?9!2 in 1940. It is obvious that
the taxp.'. er at the $4,000, $5,000,
and higher annual income levels is
in a much better position to pay
25% or more of his income in taxes
without any suggestion of the
denial or hardship that must be
faced by those in lower income
groups. We must conclude, there
fore, that while taxes may not be
too high for the economy as a
whole, they may bear too heavily
on particular groups in our coun
Dangers in Burdening Low Income
Groups Further
Any shifting of the tax burden
to the low income groups over a
period of time, therefore*, will re
sult in decreased purchasing power
that will be reflected in a falling
of consumption and production that
will invite depression.
This shifting sanctioned by the
Seventy-ninth and Eightieth Con
gress has already reached danger
ous proportions. The decline in
corporation income tax collections
of from $15.5 billion in 1945 to $9.1
billion in 1947 has been accompan
ied by steadily rising prices.
Whether the rising prices were or
were not stimulated by the cut in
taxes is beside the point. The im-
Washington (LPA) Ku Klux
Klansmen are using an old dodge
—name switching—to avoid feder
al punishment of subversive activi
ties, Gilbert Harrison, A VC head
warned Attorney General Tom
Clark this week.
Harrison charged that a new or
ganization, the Associated Klans
of Georgia, is “identical with the
Knights of Ku Klux Klan Inc.”
which has long been on the govern
ment’s subversive list.
“There is no such organization
as the KKK, but the Associated
Klans is carrying out .the principles
of KKKism,” he asserted. “While
the KKK is on the Attorney Gen
eral’s un-American list the Asso
ciated Klans isn’t.”
Since federal agencies have been
directed to confine themselves only
to organizations specified by Clark,
Klansmen are escaping consequ
ences for their activities, Harrison
pointed out. He urged the govern
ment to brand the new organiza
tion illegal also, so that the U.S.
won’t employ Klan members using
the alias.
Pittsburgh (LPA) Left-wing
ers received another setback when
rank and tilers of Local GO I, United
Electrical Workers swept the elu
tions at Westinghouse Electric
Corp, here last week. Referring to
their platform as an “anti-Coni
munist slate” the membership
voted in Phil Conahan to replace
Thomas Fitzpatrick as president
i by a votr of almost two to one.
CopyHght 1949 THt MACHINIST—I,AM.
portant fact is that while taxes on
corporations declined $6.4 billion
yearly, taxes on consumers in the
form of levies on sales, use, and
gross receipts increased approxi
mately $3 billion yearly. During
the same period the cost of living
index rose from 128.4 to 158.5,
while corporation profits increas
ed from $8.9 billion to $16.9 billion
after taxes.
The two successive reductions in
th,e personal income tax which
chiefly benefited those in the upper
income tax brackets also combined
Vi.th the cut in corporation income
tax to increase the proportion of
total tax revenue secured from
to.x s on consumption.
“’.Labor’s Program
The" rtirectfon of labor’s future
tafx )rografn is quite clear. Taxes
n sales, amusements, cigarettes,
payrolls, utility bills, and taxes on
dozens ^f necessities should be re
duced oy elmtinated. Taxes on in
come should continue to provide
tlje bulk of our revenue, both na
tionally and within the states. La
bor should continue, too, to oppose
local payroll and nuisance taxes
proposed to relieve the owners of
rdal estate. Usually the substitute
tax proposed is not based on abil
ity to pay and bears more heavily
on the workers than would a mod
erate increase in the real estate
tax or a state-imposed locally
shared income tax that provides
suitable exemptions.
Central bodies and state federa
tions should study current tax de
velopments. They should be pre
pared at all times not only to op
pose unsound tax proposals, but
to advance positive measures based
on considerations of sound econ
omy and equity. At the national
level the A. F. of L. in cooperation
with other progressive organiza
tions must be vigilant in protect
ing an promoting the people’s .tax
Priest Advocates
Stronger Unions
Cleveland, Ohio (ILNS).—More
workers in the United States
should join unions, the Rev. George
G. Higgins of Washington, I). C.
told the Catholic Economic Asso
ciation meeting here.
Growth of unionism is “the most
important single step to be taken
in the reconstruction of the social
order,” said Father Higgins, who
is assistant director of the Social
Action Department of the National
Catholic Welfare Conference.
“Our opposition to the Taft
Hartley Act and similar restrictive
legislation,” he said, “follows logic
ally from our position on the nec
essity of a strong and independent
labor movement for the protection
bf the living standards of the
Wo era equipped tol
render complete Funer
al and Ambiance Ser
vice, Promptly.
Funeral Home
Itf W. Fifth St
Official Raps
In DP Statute
Washington (LPA) Returning
from a trip thru Europe’s displaced
persons camps, Ugo Carusi, chair
man of the Displaced Persons Com
mission, last week said that the
“gimmicks” in the 80th Congress’
DP bill have restricted immigra
tion to only 2500 people during the
two-year law’s first six months of
operation. He predicted that at
tempts will be made to liberalize it
in the new Congress.
Carusi disclosed that the restric
tions in the bill “make it far from
workable” unless a “ridiculously
tremendous staff of people is
hired.” Only 500 of the 1200 war
victims that the Commission had
hoped to bring into the country
each month are actually getting
thru the red-tape he revealed.
“The people of the US are offer
ing wonderful and generous assur
ances .to their kinfolk abroad only
to find that their preferences don’t
gee with the act,” he said. “You
cannot dictate to our people in this
great humanitarian endeavor.”
Principal amendments urged by
Carusi would lift the December,
1945 deadline for eligibles to have
entered DP camps, and the require
ment that 30%' of the immigrants
be Balts and eastern Poles. Many
of those who suffered worst under
the Nazis reached the allied camps
after that date, he pointed out.
Other amendments being consid
ered by Congressional liberals,
bath Democrats and Republicans,
include boosting the top limit of
205,000 and relaxing guaranteed
job and housing requirements.
Two Teamster Locals
Win Wage Increase
New York City (ILNS).—Two
locals of the International Brother
hood of Teamsters and the Rail­
way Express Agency have agreed
on a new contract granting 4,000
workers a general wage increase
of 15 cents an hour.
The settlement was announced
by the express agency and John J.
McNamara, secretary-treasurer of
Local 808, and Thomas J. Murphy,
secretary-treasurer of Local 459,
in New Jersey.
Negotiations between the unions
and the company began before the
old contract expired Aug. 31. The
locals originally asked for a 25
cent increase, a demand that was
later scaled down to 17% cents.
When negotiations produced no re
sults, union leaders were empow
ered to call a strike and for a time
it appeared that a major walkout
similar to the tie-up of 1947 might
Still later, however, the union
membership agreed to lower its
demands to 15 cents and empower
ed the officers to make a final set
tlement on that basis.
RE you posted on all the things elec
oan do for you today? Have
you heard tho time-saving facts and
money-saving figures on electric cooking
and wetter heating, for instance?
Better check up! Tho nowest appliances
are really terrific. You'll wonder how
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
In a militant New Year’s message
which warned against “Communist
reversion to the Dark Ages,” Pre
sident William Green of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor called
upon American workers to join
with free labor throughout the
world in maintaining and advanc
ing democracy and freedom.
Stressing the necessity of inter
national cooperation by the world’s
free workers, President Green de
clared that with the “growing in
terdependence of the economies of
dll countries we find that un-free
dom in one country menaces the
freedom of workers in other coun
Must Work For Democracy
He pointed out that the AFL has
“tried to aid and restore free trade
unions as the bulwark of human
freedom throughout the world” and
“Since we as trade unionists
have rights and responsibilities in
keeping with our democratic insti
tutions, we, in turn, should work
for the advancement of democratic
ideals nationally and internation
ally and support our government
in promotion of these same ideals.
“The USSR has declared war on
all free governments and free soc
ieties and plans to impose a con
trolled press and controlled educa
tion upon such people, together
with suppression of church and
family life as we know it. The
Communist regime recognizes no
personal rights and no law—only
the will of dictators designated by
party officers. Party members seek
to infiltrate all our institutions to
control them in the interests of
“Final Decision” Given
“As members of the world’s
strongest, most militant trade un
ion organization, let us arm our
selves in this world crisis w’ith a
determination to maintain freedom
that will make us invincible. By
uniting with free trade unions in
other countries, we can form a
global chain for defense and main
tenance of human fr*edom. We
must be on guard against the
enemy in our unions, our press, our
community, and in all world re
Green feaid that citizens of the
nation gave their “final decision”
on the Taft-Hartley Act in the Pre
sidential el'*ction and added:
“The election of President Tru
man and the vote giving the Demo
cratic Party control of Congress,
was the reply to the reactionary
advocates of anti-union legislation
which echoed round the world as
evidence of the effectiveness of
democratic principles.
“The American Federation of
Labor is deeply gratified by this
victory which vindicated construc
tive methods and we are confident
*Hiurs3ay, January 6, 1949
Labor To Defend Freedom Throughout
World, Says Green In New Year’s Talk
Unions Are Sued
Under T-H Law
Paducah, Ky.—The Deena Art
ware Company, Chicago, filed suit
in federal district court here seek
ing damages totaling $431,989
against two labor unions and the
American Federation of Labor.
The suit is based primarily on
the company’s contention that it
was forced to abandon construction
of an addition to its production
plant in Paducah through unlawful
Unions named are the United
Brick and Clay Workers of Amer
ica and the International Brother
hood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs,
Warehousemen and Helpers of Am
erica. Both are affiliated with the
AFL. The suit was brought under
federal statutes outlawing second
ary boycotts.
Guild Helps European Members
New York (LPA) $10,934 in
CARE packets for European news
men have been collected by CIO
Newspaper Guildsmen, ANG re
ported last week. Parcels went to
colleagues striving to rebuild a
democratic press in Germany,
France, Greece and Finland.
Madison, Wis. (LPA)—Meetings
of the Madison Painters Local AFL
finds wives of members helping
their husbands decide policy. Real
izing that problems of trade union
ists immediately affect their fam
ilies, the Painters hit on the idea
of asking the budgeteers of the
family to attend meetings.
that campaign promises will be
kept. When freedom of contract is
restored to labor, the American
Federation of Labor is ready to
assume the accompanying respon
sibility for wise use of rights.”
The Township Trustees of
St. Clair Township, Columbi
ana County, Ohio, hereby give
notice that on the 29 day of
November, 1948, they filed a
petition in the Common Pleas
Court to transfer the sum of
Two Thousand Dollars ($2,
000.00) from the General Fund
to the Road and Bridge fund?
Said action will be for heaiv.
ing on said petition before tWIg1
Common Pleas Court in the
Court House at Lisbon, Ohio,
on the 17 dayx of January,
1949, or as soon thereafter as
convenient for the Court.
By J. Neil McIntosh,
you ever got along without them.
Keep in touch With your friendly appli
ance dealer to make sure you're not
missing any of tho swell new electric
helpers that do so much work, give so
much pleasure, dt so little cost.
Live Completely—live Electrically.

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