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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 06, 1949, Image 4

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Second Vi .- Pre
Third Vice
i- 1 and
Published e\.:rv n ./ En Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owning and
operr-itinu’ tl- B'-t Xewpai« and Job Printing Plant in the State.
Entered at Post Office, East Liverpool, Ohio. April 20, I‘.*o2, aa Mccmd-claM matter.
A r. itl to- ri Hilinj? at -i:.! Eate» of Postage provided for in Section 1102,
Act ’f tbtobc! 13. It* 17, hoi iz i August 20, 1918.
HARRY lT cjLL. ---------------..Editor and Business Manwrar,
One Year to Any Fart of the Unite! States or Canada.————- gz.uo
PriwETc n t....E. L. Whi
Trenti.n », New
.. J, i s iffv, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
R« n 6, Broad Street, National Bank Baild-
Hull, 111 Pacific Blvd.. Huntington Park, Calif.
ODg Milla. East Liverpool, Ohio
Fourth Vice I•t'.'Su-.Cteiriw..'/7r "rn.t'rfF r”bhH Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jareey
Fifth Vico P. t----- G« ............ -.—.— a
Sixth Vice Pn a-1■•nt—...
Seventh J‘■ I’r.
Eighth V, 1I■!_:
Secret ar v-T rea-1 er
Jana 1 Shn'-n._C:.
w!»n, 847 Melrose As.nue^ Trenton 9, New Jersey
Turner, 13 W. Dr n Lane, East Liverpool, Ohio
,T. l«eeni'.i I, 525 E. ’n Way, Minerva, Ohto
,,, *„J"-hua hiiidwick. Grant Street, Newell, W. Va.
Ch.. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752. East Liverpool, Ohio
____ __ E. K Koos. H. LKER, W. A. BETZ
”___________iiEiar CLAl'K, I..W ID Fl- W '\N, CHAS. JORDAN
Canada Sets An Example
With the 81st Congress soon to meet, an important leg
islative event in neigh boring Canada deserves attention.
Recently the Canadian Supreme Court, in a 5-2 decision,
voided the dominion’s 60-odd-year ban on the manufactuie
and sale of margarine. A vote by the Senate to submit the
long-fought issue to the country’s highest tribunal paved
the Way for court action.
We hope the Canadian example will not lie lost on Am
ericans. Here in the world’s greatest and most prospeious
democracy powerful dairy interests have time and again
thwarted the will of the people. They boast of keeping dis
criminatory tax legislation on the statute books of America
of making Congress and state legislatures jump through the
hOOPThe 1948 convention of the American Federation of
Labor has condemned federal margarine taxation as obnox
ious and contrary to the public welfare. Libor s parliament
blamed congressional failure to act on dairy interests “with
their powerful lobbying,” adding: “We have opposed taxing
margarine because the tax imposes hardship on low-incom#
ground. We recommend continued opposition to the tax.
What can the wage earners of America do in support of
this policy? Well, it takes grass-roots supixirt to translate
the struggle against legal and economic discrimination into
living reality. That maxim was successfully applied against
the Taft-Hartley Act in the last elections. It can lie equally
effectively applied to margarine tax laws and other measures
harmful to the consumer.
Labor speaks today with a powerful voice in Washing
ton. Yet it needs still greater range and continuous support
from the union forces back home. The time has come for
state, regional and local lalxu* bodies—AI*L, 710 and inde
pendent—to speak out in protest against food levies that are
as unsound as they are antisocial. America, the legislators
need to be told by their constituents, is no longer a place
for sharp practices and laws enforced at the expense of those
on the lower rungs of the economic ladder.
We repeat: nothing less than repeal of antimargarine
legislation will satisfy the American people.
Fair Share For Labor Vital
Increases in real wages, or purchasing power, have more
nearly approximated increases in productivity in recent
years when union strength was on the upswing and protec
tion of the right of collective bargaining became a govern
ment policy.
The labor movement is 16 million strong today, and
showing signs of continued vigorous growth.
American wage-earners and their unions have contri
buted to the strength and welfare of the Nation.
Productivity is again on the upswing as technological
developments made during the war are adapted to peace
time production. This will provide for further improvements
in our standard of living if the workers are given their just
share of the productivity increases.
The future welfare of labor and the nation depends on
a free, democratic union movement that can bargain wisely
and well with free management for a just balance between
productivity, wages and prices.
Abolish Anti-Margarine Laws!
The certainty and speed with which the 81st Congress
may act to repeal or satisfactorily modify the federal mar
garine law depends on the personal requests, telephone calls
and letters to Congressmen asking for fast action.
Margarine is the only important pure food arbitrarily
restricted by federal and state law in the interest of a coin
peting product.
But people in Illinois can’t buy yellow margarine
at any price. There is a twin job to lie done. The federal law
should be changed to remove the taxes and license fees, and
Illinois should join the trend toward revival of state laws pro
hibiting the sale of yellow margarine.
Five states have abolished their anti-color margarine
laws in 1918. Since 1939, 10 states have abolished their anti
margarine laws with respect to color and 20 other states
have modifi*d their anti-margarine restrictions.
The holiday season is an excellent time to write to your
Congressman, Senator and state representative and let him
know how you feel aliout this matter. You can telephone or
visit him for a personal talk or bring up the matter in your
union and the clubs to which you belong.
Labors Political Arm Timely And Necessary
One of the most progressive steps the American Fed
eration of Labor lias taken in years is the forming of Labor’s
League for Political Education and the making of it a per
manent part of the labor movement. W have* been a long
time learning that we must protect with our vote what we
gain with our economic strength.
The enemies of lalxir could, with the cooperation of the
]Mliticians, tear down in a short time what it took unions
years to build up. Latxr’s first try at politics was a great
success. With the experience we gained in this last election,
our next effort should be even more successful.
We have learned that this tdkes organizing and a lot of
hard work, ixit a league of this nature is absolutely neces
sary in holding the progress we have made. When we think
of our strength at the olls, it makes us realize more fully
the need for harmony in the labor movement.
Effort Brings Safety
Intelligent planning, intense effort and training by man
agement, and the cooperation of workers are responsible for
many outstanding safety records in American coal and
metal mines, the U. S. Bureau of Mines says. The same
things promote safety in all industries, of course. ‘,
The traditional fatalistic attitude that a certain per
centage of men working underground will eventually suffer
injuries and death is being discarded in modern mine safety
planning and education, it is pointed out in a new informa
tion circular, “Some Outstanding Safety Records in the Min
ing and Allied Industries,” by H. G. Warncke and Stanley
M. Walker, mining engineers of the bureau.
Fatality rates in coal mining—the most hazardous
branch of mining—have dropped steadily in the past few
years, the report shows, and there are many other evidences
of progressive thinking and action in the field of preventing
deaths and injuries in this occupation. Safety achievements
tn mining compare favorably with those in other American
industries, it adds.
Records quoted in the new bureau circular show that
194 individuals have worked in and around mines for 50
years or more without losing a day’s work because of injur
ies. The circular also includes tables prepared from records
of the Joseph A. Holmes Safety Association, sponsored by
the Bureau of Mines since its organization in 1916. These
tables show safety awards according to industries and states,
outstanding records of no-lost-time from injuries and long
periods without fatalities made by the major branches of
the mining industry—underground and open-pit iron, coal,
copper and other metal mines, cement plants and quarries.
Force For Peace
Declaring ominous clouds of misunderstanding still
darken the international horizon, Basil O’Connor, chairman
of the board of governors of the League of Red Cross Soc
ieties, in his annual New Year’s message to more than 100,
000,000 Red Cross members in 66 countries throughout the
world called on them to continue their efforts in the cause of
peace. By responding wholeheartedly to Mr. O Connor s ap
peal, it is certain that the great Red Cross membership here
and abroad can be a powerful force for peace and interna
tional understanding.
Mr. O’Connor, who is also president of the Aiherican
Red Cross, said:
“Three and one-half years after the end of World War
II, masses of people are suffering from the effects of the
conflict—new hostilities have created new victims, and om
inous clouds of misunderstanding still darken the interna
tional horizon. What can we as Red Cross people say? What
can we do that will be hopeful and helpful in this uneasy
“We who belong to this vast fellowship of over one
hundred million individual members, established in 66 coun- u u
tries around the globe, can and must continue to be active
in word and deed in this great cause.
“At our international conference in Stockholm we de
cided unanimously to do just that. We declared that ‘the
actions whereby Red Cross members and groups relieve suf
fering through the extension of aid to the sick and the help
less, to the refugee and to the homeless, and to the victims
of war or catastrophe are practical, productive measures in
the cause of peace.’
“In the name of humanity—desperately yearning for _r„„
give strength and vitality to this declaration in|F
$3,500,000 Against Public Health
We trust progressive physicians everywhere will turn
thumbs down on the proposition of the American Medical
Association to raise a $3,500,000 war chest against the long
overdue national health insurance program. That such op
position finds strong support among the 140,000 association
members, not to speak of the many unorganized doctors, is
evident from the attempt of the AMA leadership to sugar
coat the slush fund by calling it the means for a “nationwide
lilan of education on the progress of American medicine.”
The hysterical determination of some elements of the
medical profession to defeat a health plan adapted to the
physical and financial needs of our people is really absurd.
Recently the leading AMA spokesman called Britain’s five
month old government controlled medical system a heaven
for sufferers from imaginary illnesses and a hell for doctors.
The British Labor Government, he said, has created “a mon
ster bureaucracy which removes from hospital and medical
care all of the personal inspiration that has given to the
voluntary hospitals and individual physicians in the United
States the leadership and progress that is distinctive to our
The AMA propaganda that America too is on the way
to socialized medicine lias been promptly exploded by Sena
tor Janies E. Murray, a leadin’ in the forthcoming battle for
a national health law. The bill so long in the making will b‘
passed this time the Senator predicted. Let’s hope so for
the sake of the vast majority of the American people. Re
gardless of what the AMA may say or do, the United States
needs legislation that will make the benefits of modern medi
cal science available to all.
Benefits Must Be Claimed
At the end of 1918 about 2,3M),000 persons throughout
the nation were receiving monthly old-age and survivors in
surance payments under the federal social security program.
The Social Security Administration estimates that dur
ing 1948 monthly payments to retired workers and their
families and to survivors of deceased insured workers
amounted to approximately $525,000,000. In addition, about
$32 million were jiaid during 1918 in lump sums.
All of these payments were made to persons who ap
plied for the benefits due them. Many other persons entitled
to benefits lost money because they failed to claim their
benefits or delayed claiming them.
Under the law social security benefits must be claimed
or they are lost.
“To protect your social security benefit rights,” the
Social Security Administration advises, “contact your local
social security office at age 65 or when a worker dies.”
The National Association of Manufacturers has been
putting out propaganda recently aimed at convincing the
public that profits are not too high.
On the contrary, their argument runs, profits are, if
anything, too low—and they point at the profit per dollar of
sales to prove their point.
The answer is, of course, that profit per dollar of sales
should decline when sales volume is high. That is supposed
to be the secret of mass production. High production coup
led with heavy sales make possible lower profit margins and
lower prices.
Businessmen list'd to say they could make more money
by selling a lot of items at a small profit than they could by
selling a few items at a high profit.
"I have great plans for you I"
nesiueb a ume lor
Washington Labor Report
LPA Columnist
Besides a time for New Year’s resolutions, the first of the new
they overlooked at Christmas. Being a traditionalist outfit, the NAM,
when they noticed that it had forgotten to send Christmas greetings
to the American workers decided to come thru handsomely with a
New Year’s message.
icar» re.wiuuujio, mu umv
y°ar is traditionally a time when people send cards to those whom
The greeting was issued over the signature of Wallace F. Bennett,
new president of union-hating employers’ favorate organization. His
pledge for 1949 is that American management will concern itself more
with ‘*human relationships.”
Human relationships, Bennett says, means that “we must help our
employes to understand and feel that they are part of the American
free enterprise system. To do this successfully” he says, “we must be
prepared to take them into our confidence and share with them the
facts about our individual businesses. With an understandinging of
these facts, an employe can come to feel his own importance in the
process of production and can be encouraged to make his greatest
contribution to its success.”
Union men will recall the howl that big business put up a year
...... ........ ./..................: i:._:::______jcorporationsbigtheif
would open their books it would be seen that wages could be raised
without increasing consumer prices. Perhaps Bennett has forgott*n
this episode, or maybe he’s just too new on his job to really know the
minds of his bosses.
or two ago when several unions declared that
Or maybe the big shots have decided to change their tune, and
use the “corporate reserves” racket, recently bared at the congress
ional profits hearings, in an attempt to deflect labor’s demand for a
'cost of living increase. Bennett' says that “when each employe can
\lunderstand the relations of his wuges to the company’s prices and to
4its costs, we can begin to hope for an intelligent approach to the pro
j|blem of high prices.”
Anyway, It’ll be interesting to watch the fat boys’ reaction to
jthis idea as contract renegotiation time rolls around.
Bennett also calls upon each employer to become a real “leader”
... 71-”4- "T'd hi- ~”r. Too much attention has
been given to the national solution of problems, the new NAM head
thinks. But, says he, it’s all a “problem of human relations.”
in “h!s
his own plant and his own community.1
rriuun national anlirHnn
For many years the labor movement has talked about human
relations too. But I wonder just what Bennett’s ideas are as to the
‘bases for understanding between individuals and groups at different
points in the industrial hierarchy. Does he mean that management
must realize that workers look to their own unions at least as much
as to their employers to set their conditions of labor, or does he just
mean that the bosses should perfect the ancient art of shooting the
Nowhere in Bennett’s plea is there a single reference to trade
unionism. Instead, at a time when layoffs are increasing, and loopholes
are appearing in our postwar pattern of full employment, he urges his
fellow employers to.reassure the people that security will come from
“our American free enterprise today” as it “always has in the past.”
Bennett notes that some of his friends have asked how comes it
that a “small businessman” like him “should take on the job of de
fending big business.” To which he replies: “I don’t think American
business—either big or small—particularly needs any defense. Its
greatest need is understanding and that, chiefly,.from the men and
women who make up its organization.” May I suggest to Mr. Bennett
that he carefully read the three studies on industrial peace that the
Nat’l Planning Association has published recently. Maybe he’d learn
that understanding between labor and management must be based
upon management’s full recognition of unionism and of the freedom
and dignity of the American worker, not upon the insipid paternalism
of his New Year’s greeting.
There is one and only one way to stop any and all hate stories,
rumors, and malicious gossip—whether they be directed at political
parties or individuals, at labor or industry, or at groups characterized
by nationality, race, or religion.
It is a job that is up to you and me, to each and every one of us
who believes in the brotherhood of man and the democratic way of
life. No one can do it for us. We can’t alibi nor shirk the task.
“If you can’t write it and sign it—don’t say it” should be our
♦slogan. I cribbed that sentence from an article written by Robert
Butler, shipbuilder in Duluth, because I think it is just plain horse
sense. It is easy, practical, and what is.more to the point, it will'
do the job.
Of course if people adhered to it, there would be many moments
of silence—which we could all survive without hardship. Most people
talk too much anyway. I know I do.
Test the idea yourself. I have found that a good way to counter
rtet rash statements is to say to the speaker “That’s very interesting.
Let me write it down. I know you won’t mind if I quote you, but I
want to be sure I yet it just straight.” Well, what happens is that
the final statement isn’t even a reasonable facsimile of the original.
Listen to your own conversation some time. How much of i.t
would you be willing to sign? Precious little, I reckon. If you aren’t
willing to back up your own charges, don’t make them. If you aren’t
willing to stand by what you say, don’t say it.
Put that slogan into practice and the result will be that you will
make only accurate statements. You will not exaggerate. You will
not show prejudice. You will not allow your personal feelings to color
your speech.
And what will that mean to you? You will develop a reputation
for accuracy, for logic, for reasoned speech—because you will tend to
understate, rather than overstate. You know how you judge the opin
ions of others, how you respect the man who is always proven right.
You may not bo as sensational a conversationalist, but you will he
one to whom people will listen and whom they will quote because they
know you are dependable.
“If you can’t write it and sign it—don’t say it.” Let’s make that
our personal motto. It really works.
Leather from salmon skin has been announced by the Pacific Am
erican Fisheries, Bellingham, Wash., as the latest material for women’s
shoes and handbags. The big salmon-canning concern reported the
new-type leather as a by-product of its new process of preserving the
fish with both the skin and the backbone removed. The company des
cribed the leather as smooth, pliable and non-porous and said it could
be tanned and dyed.
The best use of a journal |s to print the largest practical amount
of important truth,—truth which tends to make mankind wiser, and
g|hus happier.
Thursday, January 6, 1949
When American statesmen of the chaotic 1935-1945 era feel com
pelled to condemn the present conduct of our foreign affairs it is time
for the public to sit up and take notice. Sumner Welles, former Un
der-Secretary of,St ite, charged in a slashing speech in Rochester, N.
Y., the United States Government with merely paying “lip service”
to the United Nations, while “the military are given an increasing
measure of control in American affairs abroad.”
Every foreign major issue, he added bitingly, is now determined
by the President’s 7-member National Security Council, which with
the exception of but one member “speaks for and in the name of the
armed services.”
Now a man of the stature and make-up of Sumner Welles can by
no stretch of imagination be considered a defender of wishy-washy
policies or sympathetic to the accusations of red-hued critics. Yet his
argument that American armed strength “should and could be used to
reinforce the United Nations rather than to further a policy which
seeks to obtain exclusive national strategic advantages,” is a warning
to Americans to watch out before the big brass takes us too far.
Discussing American-Russian relations, he maintained that we
had “veered from one position .to another” in a short 12-month period.
And as to the present mess in China, he had this to add: “Can we
assert that the methods to which we have resorted in China during
these past 3 years have won for us the friendship of the Chinese
people, contributed to .the growth of freedom in China or checked the
rising tide of Communism?”
American foreign planners as well as the people will be well ad
vised to keep Mr. Welles’ concluding statement in mind:
“The record is very clear. That record shows that at this deter
mining moment in world history American policy is wavering between
a course which would lead to international organization and collective
security and to the revitalization of democracy, and a course which
would lead inevitably to an American attempt to run the world by
force singlehanded.”
Similar denunciation of American foreign policies has come from
another source which has little if anything in common with the staid
Sumner Welles. It was Henry A. Wallace, former vice president and
badly beaten presidential contender in the last elections, who had
again much to say about American militarism and imperialism in I
There are, he told a large audience at the Yale Law School, “now
being planted the seeds of an even greater and more compelling im
perialism and militarism. These twin evils are destroying ancient
American liberalism, and the nation is in graver dangor of being con
quered by alien ideas than by alien arms.”
But being Henry WaRac-. first, last and always, he had to over
shoot the mark: “I sometut think we are afraid of peace. When
ever I hear the words ‘peace offensive’ I see behind them the fear tha’t
if we have peace we cannot continue our uncertain and inflated pros
perity. Those who are afraid of peace are afraid we shall lose the twin
crutches of that prosperity—the crutch of increased arms spending
and the crutch of more foreign lending.”
It was a gratuitous remark, questionable in taste, and what is
worse, it carried the implication of bad faith. The task of educating
the American people is not made easier by such muddled exercise of
the tongue.
A man dropped into my office one day to have me check up on his
cold. When I took out the stethescope to put on his chest he warned
me: “Don’t get excited oVer my heart, Doc, I’ve had that heart.-for
30 years and I’m still here.”
While it is true that doctors can’t remove a diseased or damaged
heart and replace it with a new one, heart disease can be treated so
that it is much better and the patient can live a long time.
All doctors know of patients who have had heart disease since
childhood so that the entire family has danced through hoops “for the|
little one who would not be long for this world.” Yet the sick one
has out-lived the rest of the family.
Just because John Jones died last week of heart disease is no
reason wlifr’ you will. John Jones’ heart may have had a different
kind of ailment. He may have failed to see a doctor, or he may not
have done what the doctor .told him to do. Every case is different.
If for any reason you think your heart is affected, don’t delay.
See your doctor at once. He will give you a thorough examination.
And he will tell you whether your heart itself is affected or is merely
reacting to some pressure, illness, or disease elsewhere in the body.
If the physician finds you do have heart trouble, your cooperation
is absolutely essential. The patient must realize that he must adjust
his living habits and that following the doctor’s orders from day to
day is more important than medicine. A few pills and a week or two
in bed just won’t do the trick.
The few simple rules for living with heart disease are much the
same as those for other illnesses, but they are even more important
where the heart is involved.
(1) Watch your weight. If you are overweight your heart has to
work that much harder and the weakened heart may break under the
added effort. See your doctor and have him put you on the kind of
weight-reducing diet that will keep your strength and energy up and
your waist-line down. You see few fat old people, and practically none
who have heart disease.
(2) Don’t over exercise. Leave the fast tennis games, the jitter
bugging, racing, even hard games of bowling to the young and fit.
Don’t run for trains or busses. There’ll be another bus or train along,
but if you’re not careful, you might no longer be there to catch it.
Just take it easy.
(3) Don’t worry. That’s easier said than done and there is no
thing the doctor can tell you to stop your worrying. But more people
have broken down through worry over their health, their finances,
their families or their tomorrows thafi can be counted. To avoid
worrying, try, if you can, to develop the kind of interests that absorb
your attention so that you haven’t time to worry. Wood-working,
carving, painting, and otner hobbies that require little physical effort
are good worry-chasers. Or if you like gardening on a small scale—
try that—only don’t do it if you are going to worry about the weeds
and the bugs.
(4) Get plenty of sleep. If you have trouble sleeping at night,"
try drinking a glass of hot milk or taking a warm bath just before
retiring. If that doesn’t work, your physician will prescribe the pro
per sedative so that you can sleep. But don’t depend upon sleeping
alls if you can sleep without them. when you wake up, get up
don’t bound out of bed.
(5) Adjust your life’s work if necessary. If your work is some
thing which requires heavy physical exertion, frequent shocks, much
hurrying, loud crashes or sudden banging noises, or which involves
some task in which the safety of others depends upon your efficient
performance, quit the job and get one which is better suited for your
condition. Talk it over with the physician.
Specific treatments vary with the nature of the particular heart
ailment, the disposition and emotional make up of the patient, the
physical condition of the patient and hundreds of other individual fac
tors. Heart disease is no longer the hit-and-miss affair it was a few
years back so that you can put your life in your doctor’s hands with
confidence. Your bad hear4 ay be the best “break” you’ve ever had.
Often people begin to reallj :ve only when they find out they haven’t
much more time unless thev live carefully.
Slum Conditions in Nation’s Capital
The Washington “Post” printed a sickening story in its Sunday
issue. It described slum conditions in the Nation’s capital, within half
a mile of the Capitol building itself.
For low-ini-m! families living in these places it’s a constant fight
against rats, in.-.cct.: and disease, the “Post” said. The roofs leak, walls
are damp and crumbling, floors are about ready to cave in, windows
and doors don’t keep out the cold, let alone rats and mice. All have
outdoor toilets. None has lights.
Interested mainly in the exorbitant rents they collect through
their agents, the landlords, most of whom haven’t even seen the pro
perties in years, merely shrugged when the reporter questioned them
about the conditions.
Apparently they have a “pull,” for practically all of the houses
have been condemned by the municipal authorities, some of them sev
eral times.
Their callous attitude was illustrated by the statement of one, “If
people choose to live that way, what can you do about it?”

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