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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 13, 1949, Image 6

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PAGE SIX
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Extension of the unemployment insur
ance system to an additional 7,0C0,(MM) wage earners and an increase in
-benefits, as advocated hy the American Federation of Labor, was recom
mended by the Senate Financed Committee’s Advisory Council on Soc
ial Security, headed by Edward B. Stetinius, Jr., former Secretary of
State.
In a report to the Senate committee, the advisory council completed
15 months uf work by recommending to Congress 22 changes in jobless
insurance provisions. It already has reported separately on old age
benefits, disability aid and public relief.
For Tax on Worker
1 It recommended that the worker
be taxed to support the expanded
system as well as the employer
who, in general, pays the entire
tax now, although there are ex
ceptions where employes also are
assessed.
The average weekly uiivmploy
ment compensation In 1947 was
$17.83. The duration and size of
payments vary among the states.
The number of workers covered
by unemployment insurance was
32,*600,000 last June. Increasing the
coverage by 7,000,OOQ would bring
under its provisions about 85 per
cent of the total number employed
by others.
The council proposed to extend
jobless insurance by bringing un
der the act firms with less than 8
'employes, federal civilian employes,
.members of the armed forces not
covered by present readjustment
payments, employes of nonprofit
organizations, and some in agri
culture. Employes in these categor
_jes are not now covered by the law.
Payments for insurance, under
the o u n i I’s recommendations,
would be borne equally by employ
er and employe, each paying a
minimum of of 1 percent of pay
rolls. The present law provides
that insurance be financed by a 3
percent tax on payrolls, paid by
the employer.
Need for Higher Benefits
4 Under a provision that the fed
eral tax can be offset up to 90 per
cent by contributions under approv
ed state an average of 1.41 per
cent. Insurance payments to job
less employes are made by the
states under their own laws con
trolling amounts and duration of
payment.
Stressing the need for higher
benefits, the council said liberaliza
tion of unemployment compensa
tion should take the form of more
liberal eligibility requirements,
larger benefits in relation to
wages, and payments over a long
er period.
Floor Under Rates Urged
Congress, said the report,
“should put a floor under state un
employment contribution rates at
a point which will allow the great
majority of states to pay adequate
benefits to most unemployed mem
bers of the covered labor force for
a period sufficient in normal times
to cover the duration of their un-
You Can See the Cream
ALWAYS USE
CREAM TOP
Milk Baffles
THEY ARE SANITARY
Used Exclusively By
Golden Sfar
Dairy
Phone 3200
-uneral
Co si s
fc’*'
Extend Jobless Insurance
System To More, Increase
Benefits, Congress Asked
Telephone Workers
Hits Indiana
Phone Rate Boost
The Council urged that modern-*—---------------------------------------------
ization and liberalization of the
state-federal unemployment com
pensation system should include:
1. More liberal eligibility re
quirements.
■j 2. Higher benefit payments.
3. Payment of benefits over a
longer period.
Washington (LPA)—The 230,
000 member Communications
Workers of America last week an
nounced that it is modifying its
previous policy, at least so far as
Indiana phone rates are concerned,
and is opposing Indiana Bell’s
phone rate increase request right
down the line.
Hitherto CWA has intervened in
phone bill cases only on a fact find
ing: basis—giving state utilities
commissions the data it has accum
ulated on AT&T subsidiaries’ fin
ancial and operating status.
But, in Indiana, as CWA Vice
President John L. Crull put it:
“Indiana Bell is seeking a $2,
000,000 rate increase using wage
increases as a basis for its request.
“The wage increases they refer
to haven’t been made,
arbitration board last
awarded Indiana phone
pay boosts ranging from
a week. But while the company has
asked a state court to overrule the
arbitrators, they’re still going
ahead with their 26 rate increase
request.”
A state
month
workers
$3 to $7
Crull indicated that when CWA’s
executive board meets here next
week it may “completely overhaul”
the union’s policy on rate issues,
and intervene forcefully against
telephone companies whenever they
ask excessive rate increases. Until
then, he said, the Indiana case is
an exception to the “fact finding”
rule.
In Maryin nd the union recently
furnished data to public officials
which resulted in the state attor
ney general and the city of Balti
more appearing against a company
demand at a public utilities com
mission hearing.
SUP Wins Wage
Hike On Coast
San Francisco (LPA)—The west
coast, troubled by maritime dis
putes for nearly four months now,
lived up to its reputation last week.
One problem was cleared up
when President Harry Lundeberg
and members of Sailors Union of
the Pacific-AFL reached agreement
with shipowners on wage increases
and clothing allowances.
Immediately on its heels, how
ever, wage reopenings were sought
by two other unions, Marine Cooks
& Stewards-ClO and Marine Fire
men, Oilers & Wipers. The new de
mands are based on a clause in the
agreement rbached after the long
coast strike which (sided last
month.
employment.”
The advisory council is composed
of representative's of labor, busi
ness, industry, government, educa
tion and other groups. The Ameri
can Federation of Labor member is
Nelson 11. Cruikshank, the federa
tion’s director of social security
activities.
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
DAWSON
folio wsl
9*/
504
Dawson
Funeral Home are as
Were
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Were
Over $500
Funeral Home
"SO MUCH foe BO little-
215 West Fifth Street Phone Mcdn 10
•5-
Steel Industry To
Oppose Publidy-
Aided Expansion
Washington (LPA)—While steel
barons were launching their pro
paganda campaign last week
against President Truman’s pro
posal for a survey of the adequacy
of the nation’s basic steel plants,
liberal legislators were preparing
a Congressional resolution to im
plement the chief executive’s
policy.
Sen. James Murrsiy (D, Mont.)
and Rep. Arthur Klein (D, NY)
both announced that they will this
week sponsor resolutions for a
commission of congressmen and
government officials, assisted by
both uniug and business represent
atives to study steel capacity and
consider .the erection of a govern
ment operated “yardstick” plant.
Klein pointed out that the steel
industry has shown its unwilling
ness to consider itself a public util
ity, “which it actually is.” He said
that an adequately staffed public
commission should be able to make
a complete report, including legis
lative suggestions, at the beginn
ing of the 81st Congress’ second
session.
Liberal congressmen pointed to
TVA as a model for the adminis
tration of a goveriment “yard
stick” steel plant.
The President, in his state of the
union message, said that if a sur
vey found a “crucial” shortage in
steel supplies the government
should offer expansion loans to the
industry, and “authorize the con
struction of such facilities directly
if action by private industry fails
to meet our needs.”
Some industry spokesmen said
that the President’s proposal is
“only a club in the closet” to force
the industry to expand. Others
charged that the administration
wants to control the production of
steel. The more excitable fulminat
ed that it’s the first step towards
nationalizing the steel industry,
pointing to the program of the Bri
tish Labor government.
Several blamed the unions for
forcing the idea on the President.
Sen. Homer Ferguson (R, Mich.)
who is accustnl of election frauds,
and Dixiecrat Rep. Eugene Cox (D,
Go.) branded the administration
suggestion “another step towards
socialism.”
In a hastily released report on
capacity, Walter S. Tower, pres
ident of the steel industry’s Amer
ican Iron & St*el Institute assert
Fed that the industry now has a
capacity of over 96,CC0,(MM) tons
and promised it’ll be 98,000,000 in
1950.
Tower said that this is the all
time record and declared that in
dustry leaders are doing all pos
sible to meet the nation’s needs.
I Other steel executives, however,
claimed that production today is
'already more than sufficient. Out
|standing unfilled domestic needs
can be met by a cut in exports they
assert.
Failure to produce over 88,500,
000 tons of raw steel in 1948 was
attributed by Tower and other
steelmen to a shortage of mater
ials, such as scrap iron, which they
assert has been alleviated.
No indication was given that any
important steel corporation is will
ing to accept government aid in
expanding. One big shot, on the
'other hand, said flatly that the in
dustry should not be asked to meet
a large demand in any one year.
If it did production could not be
stabilized he asserted.
UNION LOSES PRESIDENT
I New York (LPA) Death of
United Shoe Workers president,
Rocco Franceschini, came last week
after a two week’s illness. He had
previously been secretary to his
union’s joint council here.
t- V.'V.
'‘ST
41J -,t
to
sicm to ran
“Its easy to see why this course
of action is essential to Soviet
strategy,” the A FL explains. “For
the peoples behind the iron curtain
in Soviet Russia and its newly ac
quired satellites, communism
means living in abject poverty, in
constant terror of the secret police
and concentration camp, with basic
freedom and justice denied.
“If these people see economic
recovery and rising standards of
living in Western Europe under
governments which protect indivi
dual freedom and justice, it will be
final proof that democracy is sup
erior to communism. The false
hoods of the communist propa
ganda machine would then lose?
their power. These p(*ople might
attempt to throw off the commun
ist yoke and seek the benefits of
cooperation with the west.
“In the Soviet sphere, no genu
ine attempt is made to improve liv
ing conditions of the people. Civil
ian welfare is sacrificed to the pro
motion of war potential and pro
duction of war equipment. Also,
the colossal inefficiency of Soviet
governmen.t-controlled industry
keeps living standards far below
thos» of free and democratic coun
tries.”
The AFL says that workers’ in
come and conditions have “deter
iorated drastically” in countries
sealed off behind the iron curtain.
For instance, it points out that
from Czf*choslovakia comes the re
port that since the Communists
took over in Feb. 1948, the “addi
tional wages upon which workers’
existence was based have beep
abolished in many places, and.
promises of ’popular deniocracy’ to
the workers have resulted mostly
in smaller incomes, longer hours of
work.”
In short, the AFL declares that
Soviet policy is to prevent recov
ery, divide and conquer.
“Because stagnation and chaos
are necessary conditions for the
spread of communism," the AFL
adds, “the Soviet program of ex
pansion by infiltration is also aerv
ed by promoting industrial strife
and disorder in ERP countries and
creating suspicion and distrust be
tween them.
“Where they cannot hope actu
ally to gain control, the Commun
ists seek to prevent non-communist
countries from getting the mater
ial and supplies they need for in
dustrial recovery. Their agents
within government^ play upon sus
picions to check cooperation be
tween countries and to prevent a
policy of recovery for Germany and
thus deny to Europe the produc
tion of the Ruhr.”
r- je
j-.
5
AFL laaders display a keen interest in an exhibit by the Workers education Bureau*
American Federation of Labor* consisting of two major attractions, the Turnover Talk
and the Wall-map, produced in cooperation with tho National Labor Service. Reading
from loft to right: H. L. Mitchell* President of the National Farm Labor Union Bernice
Heffner* Secretary-Treasurer of the American Federation of Government Employees aimer
T. Kohrer* Field Representative* Workers Education Bureau* AFL (standing) Arnold Zan
der* President of the American Federation of State* County A Municipal Employees A*
Philip Randolph* President of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters O. J. Mlacho* Inter*
national Secretary-Treasurer of the Amalgamated Association of Street* Electric Railway
and Motor Coach Employees and David Sigman* Director_pf |ho National Labor Service*
Comment On
World Events
Many persons still do not under
stand why Soviet Russia seeks to
prevent Europe’s recovery. The
AFL, in its Labor’s Monthly Sur
vey, tells why in words that should
dispel any mystery or misunder
standing of Russia’s aim.
“The end of World War II,” the
survey says, “found Soviet Russia
the most powerful military nation
of the European continent. At first
U. S. policy was based on the be
lief that the USRR would join with
other nations to promote world re
covery and peace. This belief was
proved utterly false, first by Molo
tov’s withdrawal from the British
French-Russian conference on the
Marshall Plan, then by the Soviet’s
revival of the Communist Interna
tional under its new name of Com
munist Information Bureau (Com
inform) with politbureau Andre
Zhdanov’s instructions to its lead
ers: ‘As to the USRR, it will bend
every effort in order that this
(Marshall) Plan be doomed to fail
ure.’
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
I
If
•■'’5k
Odds Favor Gov’t
In Congress Fight
On Rich Tidelands
Washington (LPA)—The valu
able oil under our coastal waters
will not be returned to the states,
it was the concensus of opinion in
the capital last week.
A battle between the federal
government and the states over
these tidelands has been raging for
two years now.
Fresh speculation on the tide
lands issue followed President Tru
man’s State of the Union message
in which he said: “We must adopt
a program for the planned use of
the petroleum reserves under the
sea, which are—and must remain
—vest»*d in the Federal govern
ment.”
Despite a Supreme Court decis
ion last year giving the federal
government paramount right to the
oil-rich tidelands, Congress passed
a bill returning them to the states.
The bill was vetoed by Truman too
Ipte to be overridden. There are not
enough votes in the 81st Congress
to 'override a similar veto this
time.
Sen. Robert Kerr (D, Okla.), who
is a big oil producer himself, last
week made statements favorable to
federal control of the lands. In the'
recent elections, Kerr defeated Re-,
publican E. H. Moore, a leading'
sponsor of the bill for state con
trol.
Bills on both sides of the dis
pute have been put in the hopper
of both houses.
NLRB Hits Rebel
Dep’t Store Union
Washington (LPA) A “left
wing” led independent union, which
seceded last year from the CIO was
the first union to be hit by the
NLRB for viqlation of the T-H law
whfch forbids a union to strike
when anqther union has been cer
tified by the board as exclusive
bargaining agent for a firm’s ehi
ploves.
Trial Examiner William F.
Scharnikow ruled that Local 1250
of the Dep’t Store Employes Un
ion-unaffiliated had no right to
strike the Oppenheim Collins stpre
in New York to force its recogni
tion as a bargaining agent.. In a
recqnt NLRB election the Retail
Clerks Protective Ass’n-AFT, was
chosen bargaining agent1 by a 276
to f08 vote of the Oppenheim Col
ling workers.
The “left-wing” group, which
seeded from the Retail, Whole
sale & Dept. Store Workers when
called upon by that union to file
non-Communist affidavits with the
NLRB, challenged the validity of
the election because it was not on
the ballot. Scharnikow said, in ac
cordance with T-H, a non-comply
ing union may not appear on bal
lots,
Last September the NLRB ob
tained an injunction against Local
1250 ordering the union to stop
picketing the store. The following
month a federal district court
found the local guilty of violating
that injunction. Now the local
appealing the contempt ruling in
circuit court.
mt®
RALPH COOKE
Ralph Cooke, 55, died January
10 in his home, 333 Rural Lane,
following a three month illness.
Mr. Cooke was a jiggerman by
trade and -was employed at the
Harker Pottery Co. He was a
member of Local Union 12, Na
tional Brotherhood of Operative
Potters, St. Stephen’s Episcopal
Church and the Eagles Lodge.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Mar
garet Baumgard Cooke flour sons,
James Cooke of Toronto, Kenneth
Cooke in the Navy, Ralph Cooke of
East Liverpool, and Ronald Cooke
at home two daughters, Miss
Eileen Cooke of Knoxville, .Tenn.,
and Miss Alberta Jean Cooke at
home a brother, James Cooke of
Sebring, and one grandchild.
Walter Emerson
von-scio
Canonsburg, Pa.—Walter Emer
son Von-Scio, 50, died at Cresson
Sanatorium on January 6, where
he had been a patient for the past
three years.
He was a kiln fireman by trade
and was last employed at the W.
S. George Pottery. He was a mem
ber of Local Union 51, National
Brotherhood of Operative* Potters
Keystone Aerie No. 687, Fraternal
Order of Eagles Washington and
Sunset Lodge No. 623, F.A.M.
Societa Italians DI M.S of Cresson,
Pa.
He is Survived by his wife, Mrs.
Ruth Algeo Von-Scio one son,
James Yon-Scio, Butler, Pa. two
sisters, Mrs. Leroy Gibson, Avella,
Pa., Mrs. Floyd Bright, Washing
ton, Pa. two brothers, Earl B. and
Gerald Von-Scio, Washington, Pa.
Services were conducted by Rev.
Walter P.
the Central
Burial was
tery.
McConkey, pastor of
Presbyterian Church,
in Washington Ceme-
THOMAS PORTER
Thomas Porter, 51, died January
11 in his home in Bloomfield, fol
lowing a long illness.
Mr. Porter was bom in Belfast,
Ireland, and resided in this com
munity since he was a baby. He
was employed as a handler at
Plant 7 of the Homer Laughlin
China Co. He was a member of
the Orchard Grove' Community
Methodist Church and Local 10,
National Brotherhood of Operative
Potters.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Ber
tha E.‘ Rutter Porter a son, Carl
T. Porter of Bloomfield a daugh
ter, Mrs. Margaret June Walton
of Middletown, Pa. hip mother,
Mrs. Margaret Hamilton Porter
of East Liverpool two brothers,
Samuel Porter and Carl Porter,
and two sisters, Mrs. Lila White
and Miss Florence Porter, all of
East Liverpool.
ACW Dep’t Store
Drive Underway
is
BRITISH UNIONISTS HONORED
London (LPA)—Two representa
tives of labor were among those
honored by King George last week,
President William Lawther, of
Nat’l Union of Mineworkers, and
Arthur Deakin, Secretary of Trans
port & General Workers Union,
were the recipients, of the royal
awards.
The wisdom of the wise and the
experience of ages may be preserv
ed by quotation.
an
An apology is better than
explanation—and quicker.
New, York (LPA)—By the end
of January the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America or
ganizing drive among department
store workers will be well under
way. On Jan. 27 ACWA organizers
from all over the country will meet
with top union leaders in Wash
ington for a three-day planning
session to get the campaign into
high gear.
President Jacob Potofsky reveal
ed lust week that ACWA’s organiz
ing machinery for New York store
workers is already set up. Super
vising the campaign are Vice Pres
idents Hyman Blumberg and Louis
Hollander.
Serving under them as NY dir
ector of organization is Louis
Yagoda, former ACWA organizing
and education official, who has
more recently been western NY
head of the NY State Mediation i
Board. Assisting Yagoda is Hyman
Nemser, of Local 340 which has
successfully organized NY retail
clothing salesmen into the ACWA.
Potofsky disclosed that depart
ment store regional headquarters
will be set up in every major city
in the US. The 500 ACWA offices
now functioning in 88 states will
be used as rallying centers for the
department store workers, and in
other cities new offices will be
opened, Potofsky said. I
ACWA was granted jurisdiction
over the distributive trades by of
ficers last month. Potofsky has
said, however, that ACWA will
concentrate its efforts on achiev-1
ing better standards for depart
ment store and clothing store .work
ers, leaving the Retail, Wholesale 1
& Dep’t Store Workers free to
continue its efforts in the rest of
the distribution industry.
ICC ‘Puppets of Management’ I
Cleveland (LPA) Making it
easy for RR carriers to have a
good safety showing is becoming
characteristic of ICC, and the Com
mission now requires only a
sketchy report of railroad worker’s
injuries, Int’l Brotherhood of Train
men warned last week. This makes
it “impossible to learn if employ
ers are obeying federal safety
laws.” Now without an effective
means of policing accident reports, I
the union cautions that “official”
records of carriers will improve!
by leaps and bounds.
TNEBmr
40.000 hoows
BMtnderifig •croujg'
the vast
Md mighty riven
of a spmriint
coaUnMtl
-t
=.’
A"
The Workers Education Burean
and its director, John D. Connors,
were singled out for praise for the
service rendered in the political
education field, particularly in the
programming of panel discussions
in the various institutes it has
helped to conduct and in its public
relations work with colleges, uni
versities, and civic groups.
The report of the Convention
Committee on Education, unani
mously approved by the convention,
said, in part: “During the past few
years the tremendous power of
educational programs have been
amply demonstrated. The Taft
Hartley Act resulted largely from
the highly financed propaganda of
the NAM. This program reached
its slippery tentacles into many
groups in the U. S., including non
union teachers’ organizations and
educational institutions. The suc
cess of (he political education pro
gram of the AFL in the recent
election is a dramatic example of
the power of a well-organized edu
cational program.
“Just as the people of the United
States were educated in the poli
tical field with dramatic success,”
continued the report, “so the peo
ple of the nation may be educated
in the true principles and objec
tives of organized labor as a con
structive force in our democratic
society. Just as the proponents of
the Taft-Hartley Act were defeat-
TEAM UP
riMt
One Week Commencing Saturday
'*^r,
V Thursday, January 13, 1949
AFL Convention Grants Increase
To Workers Education Bureau
In a setting of general enthus
iasm, unity of purpose, and jubi
lation over the recent election re
sults, the delegates to the sixty
seventh annual AFL Convention
gave serious thought to the many
educational problems which face
their unions..
j.----------,------------------------------------
ed through political education, so
the anti-labor propaganda of the
NAM and other industrial organ
izations may be counteracted by
an aggressive educational cam
paign on the part of organized
labor.”
It was the opinion of the Con
vention Committee on Education
that if the Workers Eduqation Bur
eau were supported by an ade
quate budget it “would be *n a
position to wage an effective cam
paign against the widespread anti
Icbor propaganda which is filter
ing into our public schools, col
leges, and social organizations.”
The convention endorsed this re
port by directing the Executive
Council to make a substantial in
crease in the Federation’s gran|
to the Bureau and urged all AFI*
unions to take advantage of the
many and varied services offered
by the Bureau through direct af
filiation.
I hate myself for it but when my
New Yorker magazine is late I
give the newsstand girl a dirty
look that really should be televised
to Harold Ross, the editor.
WANTED
'Boiler fireman licensed, for
steady year around work. Al
ternating shifts. Must be able
to pass physical tests.
SHAWNEE POTTERY CO.
2200 Linden Ave.
Zanesville, Ohio Phone 5200
to
federal
OF EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
ER AIM I
AND LOAN ASSOCIATION
1032 Pennsylvania Avenue
IN 25 YEARS
ONLY THREE!
COVERED WAGON
CIMARRON
AND NOW-
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------Added Features-------
“ICE ACES” Sport Reel
News of the Day in Pictures

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