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MEMBER INTERNATIONAL LABOR NEWS SERVICE VOL. XLII, NO. 39 Officers Installed At Last Meeting Of Local Union 53 Local Union 58 installed the fol lowing officets at their last meet ing: President, Erma Fox vice president, Vida Benner recording seCrethfy, Iona Shroades financial secretary, Ella Duffy inspector, Pauline Bolles guard, Beulah But ler treasurer, Anna Quinn. Retiring president Mattie McGill was given a vote of thanks for her lohg tenure in office. Sister McGill declined nomination due to her new duties at the Homer Laughlin •j China Co. Although room temperature was a little on the chilly side, due to the installation of a new furnace at headquarters, a fine attendance was present and many interesting discussions took place. A report of the national canvass ing committee was read in its en tirely and the only comment ex pressed was why so many were lax I in not living up to the constitution I in conducting a referendum. |come and we hope all our members willing the 1948 harvest season, see the necessity of attending this I------- meeting and endorse candidates whom they feel »re capable of^11611031160 heading our organization for the| The National Brotherhood of Operative Potters down through■ the years has been blessed with[llf qualified leaders to make it what]’*" Nomination for national officials Ihibit childreni from working during school hours. The wage-hour The time is at hand when we[eo-4O decal controversy, but at ^must put an end to thx^’-internal|present writing it still remains un strife within the organisation and|aettled. We anxiously look forward seek to advance our interests asL0 the day when this matter is set we have done in the past. Let’s]tied once and for all. take our organization out of the The decorator8 at thc Ta s courts and run our own affairs as gmith Taylor ttp been -O V53 80 m“y years- having trouble trying to secure un employment compensation. The [local is doing all they can in this VT Cl fl TS /Uirf- I 4 If Sf matter and it is hoped the people not working will be able to draw Loopholes Closedin the very near .. Work has not been as good as it Washington (LPA)—One loop-1 id be in some of the local plants hole the anti-trust laws thatl jt tbe wi(ih of all that u im. nnds closing, the Federal Trade 8OO„. It Commission reported last week, is that worki o„ thc the one that allows corporations bave loafing while to buy the physical assets, instead the Hni raachine8 tavc been op. of the stock, of a company itLrati Tbis doc8 „ot 8eem fair t0 wishes to absorb. The present Clay- th(. be„ch Knera an(| th fee| the ton Act covers only the purchase should iven tbeir sharc of this .... work.-O.C. 124 The FTC points out that more| ______________________ IIcalled than 2450 independent manufac-] turing and mining companies have Pharmacal Workers Gain been absorbed by mergers since I 1940, and asks the new power “to| Norwich, N. Y. (ILNS).—AFL enable it to deal effectively with [employes at the Norwich Pharm the problem of curbing corpora-[acai Co. have received a 10-cent tion mergers and adquisitions [hourly wage increase under a new which are inimical to the public in- [contract. The pact, signed by Local terest.” |251, International Chemical Work- During the last fiscal year, FTC |ers Union, also provides for a boost ordered companies to cease and|of 6 cents an hour for incentive desist price-fixing and restraint of [workers. Additional vacation time, trade combinations or false and [7 paid holidays, a group insurance misleading advertising of products [plan and retirement benefits are in 73 cases. [also included. British, Dutch, CIO Walk Out of WFTU Move Upholds AFL Stand Against Unit Paris (LPA)—A new interna-1 WFTU conduct was the resolve of tional federation of democratic I the democratic unions to see the trade unions will be the subject of [European recovery program suc early talks by leaders of western [ceed, and the Communist-dominat European workers, and represents- led labor groups’ opposition to it. fives of American unions. Both I Supporting Carey and Deakin CIO Secretary-Treasurer James [was Evert Kupers, delegate from Carey and AFL European Repre-|the Dutch unions. Vassily Kuznet sentative Irving Brown made thisLOv, chairman of the Russian trade clear in statements issued last [union federation led the bloc which week as the World Federation of [defeated the US-British motion. Trade Unions split irrevocably|He was supported by the WFTU into pro-democratic and pro-Soviet [executive bureau members from blocs. I France, Italy, China and i The WFTU breathed its last I America. when the Communist four to three I Even before the vote was majority of the executive bureau |the outcome was clear. “There is defeated a motion sponsored by [no use pretending the WFTU is Carey, and WFTU President Art- (anything but a corpse,” Carey said, hur Deakin, a leader of the British [“Let’s bury it.” Trades Union Congress, which I Deakin disclosed that the Russ would have suspended WFTU acti-lian delegate had countered his sua vities for a yfcat. This was the only [pension motion with one which formula which CIO and TUC [would have limited WFTU activity spokesmen meeting xin London [in the coming year, but would not prior to the executive bureau ses-[suspend its operations. The US sion could arrive at which would land British-delegates could not ac have permitted them to maintain Icept this proposition, Deakin said, contact with the Russian and other I “We tried that previously,” he Communist-dominated unions. (pointed out, referring to a Carey Major issue behind the debate on I (Turn to Page Two) I IT’S LEGAL—The boy in this picture is legally employed as a|*.s s0?n as P0**™* so that ample cotton picker because he’s too young for school and therefore does not |t,me 18 avai,ab’e to discuss them under* the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act which pro-|at l°caJ meetings. will be held at our next meeting [spectors found 89 children, age 6 to 15, illegally employed on farms dur-|the armed service and his name WT1I Good At Meetings l_ACNl j/y it is today. We must not overlook) the fact that within our ranks to-| I* has been some time since any day we have some with no other |news honi Local Union 124 has ap thought in mind .than to destroy |peared in the ‘Herald’, but we are what we have so carefully built up|a^ 8e^ to once again keep the over the years. [trade informed of the activities of. In the coming national election [Local 124. we must remember the men we| We have been having some very choose will be our leaders for the [interesting meetings and the at next two years. It behooves all to [tendance has been very good, take time and read our constitution [Trade problems creep up from time and wage agreement and see the [to time but we have been very suc advances we have made in work-|cessful in meeting these issues and ing conditions, wage increases,[settling them in the proper man vacations with pay and many|ner. others which space does not ftJ&LjVe wish we could give the same mit to mention. [report on our No. 1 headache, the IlVa I Latin taken in-I World Fair Deal ,Bro, Outlined By All except the die-hard isolation- Iwith the state group.—O.C. 4 S ists in Congress indicated they g| wanted to know more about this plan whereby the President said “with the cooperation of business,|" private capital, agriculture and la-1Ilf bor in this country” it will be pof-fVVl sible to “greatly increase the indus-| trial activity in other nations and| raise substantially their standards] Coupled with the international [kiln officials announce. ^Ijc PoHei’S Hera EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, Casters Notified To Bi Present At The Next Meeting All casters working on the Jubi hee^shape at the Homer Laughlin China Company must.be present at the next meeting of. Local Union No. 4 or be subject to a fine. This warning must be taken seriously las the local intends to assess penalty on all absentees. a Officials of the Hall China Com pany have indicated their willing ness to cooperate with their em ployees in seeing that all get an equal division of work during slack periods. They have asked for sug gestions in this matter. With convention time slow!] creeping upon us President Will iams appointed thie fallowing bri thers on the Resolution Committee George Shaffer, William Ashbaugh Cecil Calhoun, Garvin Burgess add George Brunt. Resolutions shou be handed over to this committee Bro. Robert Clutter has entered 1 Bru. Ruberv Ciuner has eniereu __________________________ |was ordered placed on the service [list. [placed i it Inaugural Talk |March of Dimes drive was approv 1 1 and Washington (LPA)—Warm [amount. praise from foreign commentators, Br. Larry Finlay, a and the hearty approval of Con-[Local Union No. 12 and vice pres gressional liberals met President |ident of the West Virginia State Truman’s inaugural speech. Singl-[Federation of Labor was a guest ed out for special approbation was [and spoke in behalf of the state his new proposal that “we must [body and the work they are doing embark on a bold new program for [pertaining to a change in weekly making the benefits of our scienti-[benefit payments for those suffer fic advances and industrial progress |ing from silicosis. He urged all available for the improvement and [locals who have members working growth of underdeveloped areas.” |in the mountaineer state to affiliate notified to the usual the secretary [forward a check for member of [BrAVVAVy A A 1j Fair Deal plan which Truman I The breakdown occured Jan. 10, proposed be administered thru the I when a part of a brick became making United Nations—the President call-[lodged in the machinery i ed for strengthening UN, contin-[extensive repairs necessary, uation of the European Recovery) Workers in the slip house, clay Program, and strengthening peace- [shop, dipping and kiln depart loving nations thru quick approval |ments, and the warehouse were af of a North Atlantic Security Plan. |fected. The President led off with a sharp attack on the “false philo-1 —»aw sophy” of Communism, which he contrasted with democracy, and|_ a threat to the “efforts of free nations to bring about world recovery and lasting peace.” Washington (LPA) Fewer In a dissenting statement a few [miners were killed or injured in hours after the inaugural address, Lbe nation’s coal pits in 1948, in unsuccessful presidential candidate [relation to the amount of coal min Henry Wallace charged that “itled, than in any year since the comes closer to a declaration of [Bureau of Mines began keeping war than the inaugural address of [statistics in 1910. any peacetime president in our his-1 While the death rate was only tory-” 11.56, and non-fatal injuries 83.1 per Wallace, who ran with Commun- |miniOn tons of coal brought to the ist support, charged that the Fair [surface, the grim fact remains Deal program would bankrupt the|that 1015 coal diggers were killed country and lead to the sacrifice of Lp the pits last year, and another domestic reforms. |58,200 injured. As for the Congressional isola- jn metal mines, and non-metal tionists, Sen. Arthur Watkins (R-,[pits and quarries, there were more Utah) said “his statement was so|accidents jn 194g than in 1947 vague that it might be fairly said [According to the Bureau of Mines, he is contemplating foreign invest- |2io miners and quarrymen outside ments without profit. I would beLbe coa] industry were fatally in against that.” And other GOP|jured in 1948, and another 14,700 Senators added: “Where’s the[suffered from accidents last year, money coming from?” I ____________________ A more detailed spelling out of) the program is expected in coming |T BJK cglrar weeks, when incoming Secretary of W K V 3 State Dean Acheson appears before |T Congressional committees which|" a i are still being organized. __________ Washington (LPA)—A couple of [nominations to top government PLANT 75 YEARS OLD posts—which would have had tough [sledding in the last Congress— Washington, D. C. (ILNS). —[were^fent up by President Truman The Milwaukee Labor Press re- [last week. One of them was that of ports that one of Milwaukee’s [Maurice Tobin as Secretary of La largest union shops, the A. O. |bor, a post which the Massachusetts Smith Corporation, has celebrated [Democrat held under an interim ap its 75th anniversary. The company, [pointment made last summer, which is nationally known, has) Expected to be passed in a grown to be one of the country’s [routine fashion, the nominations largest metal fabricators. During [also include Ralph Wright, as As the war years it played an import-[sistant Secretary of Labor, John ant role in producing many of the|M. Houston as a member of the supplies needed by the armed [Nat’l Labor Relations Board, and forces. [Frank P. Douglass to be a member A large majority of the employes|of the Nat’l (Railroad) Mediation are represented by the Smith Steel [Board. Still unfilled is the post of Workers Federal Labor o a 11Under-secretary of Labor, vacated 19806. Other employes are repre-|when David Morse resigned to be sented by a group of AFL craft |come director of the Int’l Labor unions. [Organizations. A* K 111ISIIww f*w* Da I AAf 11| A Dlsilt Ifllvvllllv llflllt of living.” Truman qualified his proposal by| East Palestine—More than 100 saying that “The old imperialism—] workers in five departments of exploitation for foreign profit—has| Plant No. 4 of the W. S. George no place in our plans. What we| Pottery Co. are expected to be call envisage is a program oH develop-|ed back to work next week after a ment based on the concepts of|10-day layoff resulting from a democratic fair dealing.” [breakdown in the circular bisque SAFETY RECORD SET IN MINES eg* !gg I fwf-wf THURSDAY, JANUARY 27, 1949 Master OF HARMONY—Harry S. Truman became the first President to hold a union card when American Federation of Musician- AFL last week presented him with a lifetime gold membership card ai,i silver plaque for his "mastery of harmony in statesmanship as in music.” (1 to r) AFL President William Green, President Truman, AFM President James C. Petrillo. Scores Ruling Denying Textile Workers Raise George Cummings has been on the sick list. annual contribution to the Washington (LPA)—Some 30, 000 employes covered by contracts of the Textile Workers Union of America are salvaging what com fort they can from the ruling of an arbitrator last week denying them a 1948-9 wage raise, but it looks like a hard year ahead. Moreover, the ruling bodes ill for another 60, 000 textile workers currently en gaged in contract negotiations or scheduled to begin them shortly. The decision by Professor Doug las V. Brown, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, specifical ly denied a 10c an hour increase to the New Bedford-Falls River, Mass., cotton and rayon workers, who had brought in a wage in crease request under a reopening clause of a no-strike contract which will not expire until March. Prof. Brown said the “outlook for industry” did not warrant an increase at this time, but TWUA President Emil Rieve said immedi ately the decision “is a deep dis appointment to us. It not only de nies these 30,000 employees any raise at all, but it has the effect of denying a raise to 60,000 others in the Middle Atlantic area. We will have to withdraw from similar arbitration cases involving other cotton and rayon mills.” Another TWUA official asserted that the decision had clearly disre garded the union’s brief quoting industry profits, to go along in stead with the management fears of the current textile market slump. He said, “We have repeated ly asserted that the chief fault is with management’s pricing system. Nothing but lower prices will stim ulate a bigger volume of business and hence more profits. But again our. ideas have been disregarded.” IBT Planning Big Organizing Drive Chicago (LPA)—Using its 16 industrial departments as the basis of organization, the Int’l Brother hood of Teamsters-AFL will soon launch a series of nation-wide or ganizing drives, Executive Vice president Dave Beck disclosed after a teamsters’ conference in Chicago. Beck, who is head of the IBT’s industrial departments, was named by President Daniel Tobin to lead the new campaign, first steps in which were taken at last week’s meeting of 1000 teamsters’ leaders from all over the country. In addition to the various branches of the road haulage and local trucking industries, the IBT campaign will reach into filling stations and warehouses thruout the country, Beck said. Beck insisted that teamsters’ local and district organizations will retain the autonomy, but said that the IBT national office will encour age the establishment of industry wide coordinating committees on regional as well as national levels. This is already the pattern in the 11 western states where teamster locals are affiliated to the Western Conference of Teamsters of which Beck is chairman. Bringing into the ranks of or ganized labor 100,000 to 150,000 filling station employes is high on the drive’s agenda, teamster lead ers said. They will not, however, attempt to enlist either owners or mechanics. Beck told newsmen that the IBT would “withdraw patron age” from filling stations not dis playing a teamster shop card. Altho admitting that the IBT’s (Turn to Pagt Twa), HARMONY Harry S. Truman became the first Local Union 195 Held Party And Dance On Jan. 19 Local Union 195 celebrated their eighth anniversary with a party and dance in the auditorium at na tional headquarters last week. Over 200 members and guests were present, including Beulah Reich and from Local Union Ohio. Hazel Brown, Glen Flowers 121, Sebring, M. Duffy de President James livered a short address and traced the progress made by the local dur ing the past years. A floor show was presented by local talent. Corsages were presented Mrs. James Duffy and to Mrs. Elta Hendricks, the oldest member pre sent. Refreshments were served by Mrs. Leona Swiger and committee. Dancing followed to the music of Cliff Hutchison and his orchestra. —O.C. 195 Everything Under Control Says 0. C. Zanesville, Ohio Everything seems to be rolling along here in fine style with our trade problems reduced to a minimum. Much credit is due our shop committee in this respect for the boys are really on their toes and doing a bang-up job. From all reports it looks like we will have steady work for some time. The Shawnee Pottery has in stalled another casting machine and expects to have it in operation the latter jfert of February. Our new wage scale has been signed after several conferences with the firm in which several matters were ironed out to the sat isfaction of all parties concerned. Bro. Jake Haywood was report ed ill and his name was placed on the sick list. Our best wishes for his speedy return. Organizers Phil Tracey and Joe Murray are still with us and doing a fine job.—O.C. 219 Labor Wins ECA Ruling Change Washington (LPA)—United act ion by AFL and CIO maritime unions paid dividends this week. Backed by other unions and by shippers, maritime labor won from Economic Cooperation Administra tor Paul Hoffman another post ponement in his plan to abrogate the rule that cargo- must be erican vessels. 50% of EC A bulk sent abroad in Am- conference between spokesmen of sea- Following a ECA officials, going and shipbuilding labor, and shipowners, Hoffman announced that not less than 50% of Marshall plan cargo will travel in US bot toms at least until April 1. Last December, when Hoffman first sug gested a change in the rules, mari time unions won a delay until Feb. 1, to give the new Congress a chance to consider the problem. This week’s victory will allow enough time, union officials hope, for Congress to plan a complete overhaul of the government’s mer chant maritime policy, assuring higher employment levels to sail ors and shipyard workers. Both AFL and CIO maritime unions will concentrate upon legislative action between now and April 1, their spokesmen say. Some of them, at (Turn to Page Two). 311949 1 v Mb ^•Rtsuw 8 mmib -4 This Week-Fight Looms Digman, Cubberly, Barker And Hall Form Committee Bro. Delmar Scott was granted a transfer ca"! to Local Un: 44, Sebring, Oi..o. Our best wishes go witi (Scotty) in his new surround ings. Bro. John Boyd who has worked at the trade for the past 45 years announced he was hanging up his apron for good. John is not enjoy ing the best of health at* present but we feel sure a little rest will help him to rrtrnin h?* health. With so ma y pr blems facing the craft today it seems to the writer that hair splitting tactics are not in order. A good many bro thers are beginning to see a differ ent point of view and I am sure this attitude will lead, to forward progress. Delegates Told Democrats Warned To Deliver Goods Milwaukee (LPA)—If the Demo crats don’t serve the needs of the people labor will again think in terms of “realignment” of Amer ican political parties, President Walter Reuther told 200 delegates to the United Auto Workers edu cation conference last week. Opening the conference, Reuther reminded his listeners that political action is a year-round job. “Unless we follow thru,” he declared, “the people in Washington, breathing strange air, might forget what the people at home want and need. “We went from the Raw Deal to the New Dea! to the Fair Deal,” the union chief added, “but we must go forward to an even better deal.” UAW Education Director Victor Reuther told newsmen that what this Congress and administration do will determine the political future of labor.” While we’ve been working with the Democrats,” he pointed out, “we’ve maintained our independent RAC machinery.” Rep. Andrew Biemiller (D, Wis.) compared American voters to Model Fords. “They have no self starters,” he explained. “You’ve got to crank ’em up.” The Auto Workers, who know a lot about a car, are determined to get the voters in shape during the next two years. I Washington, D. C. (ILNS). The role of the skilled worker in terms of importance to the nation al economy is rapidly rising in public understanding, Secretary of Labor Maurice J. Tobin told the Federal Committee on Apprentice ship here. “If w*e are to stiffen our indus trial structure to secure increased productivity of the American work er in order to meet our foreign commitments and in order to raise the standard of living at home, we must accord all possible govern mental, management and labor support to thc nation’s apprentice ship program,” Tobin said. He also announced the appoint ment of 4 new members to the Fed eral Committee on Apprenticeship, which is the national labor-man agement policy-recommending body to Secretary Tobin for the Bureau of Apprenticeship in the Labor Washington (LPA)—The legislative battle for the repeal of the Taft-Hartley law formally begins in Congress this week. Both Senate and House Labor Committees are preparing to knuckle down to the -t crucial labor issue. Debate in the Senate committee will resolve first around a proposal,^ '5 by Sen. Claude Pepper (D, Fla.) to repeal the anti-union act and re er*nblish the Wagner act without delay. Pr-pp*r declared las week that., ei irience with Taft-Hartley, and the Nov* oer ?ie, make extended/ hearings unnecessary. oitf Sen. Robert A. Taft (R, Ohio)! still a staunch defender of the law* -I E»*1. OFFICIAL ORGAN i NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS $2.00 PER YEAR Taft-Hartley Before Congress Committees.■■■■■■ BRI I he did so much to put on the sta-4 -‘’fe tute books, proclaimed, however* that he’ll do all he can to stymie! Pepper’s proposal—including in-,\ troducing Taft-Hartley provision* one by one as amendments to the ..j Pepper motion. Of course he denied -4 this would be a filibuster. Meanwhile, Sen. Francis Myers (D, Pa.) the Democratic whip in th Senate, is in^ung top spokes men for AFL, CIO and unaffiliated unions to discuss legislative stra tegy with him this week. a Local Union No. 12 appointed resolution committee at their meet ing Tuesday evening. Guy Digman heads the cpmmittee and will have as his aides, George Lanr-” Francis Cubberly, Ben Barker and Luther Hall. Any member having resolutions they wish to come be fore the convention in July are urged to kind them over to this committee early. St.cral pro-union members of Congress have complained that there wasn’t enough cross-check ing between them and union rep resentatives during the first few weeks of the 81st Congress. One of them hinted that altho he personal ly favored labor’s “two package” approach to Wagner act reinstate ment, w.iich would get “labor’s Magna Carta” firmly back on the law books before amendments are considered, union legislative repre sentatives should make a careful survey of both houses’ line-up be fore pushing for this formula. I Many union officials believe, however, that a clear cut vote should be taken on Taft-Hartley repeal for the record. Over on the House side at ten tion is being given to a proposal by Rep. Augustine Kelley (D, Pa.), one of the most outspoken of Taft Hartley foes in the 80th Congress. Kelley has suggested a bill repeal ing Taft-Hartley, re-enacting the Wagner act, and setting up at the same timp a committee of Con-. gressmen, labor, management and*'” government representatives to study proposed amendments. Although abiding scrupulously by President Truman’s position that the manner of Taft-Hartley repeal is Congress’ responsibility, Labor Dep’t officials made it clear last week that the administration wants the anti-union law done away with as quickly as possible. Both Secretary Maurice Tobin and Ass’t Secretary Ralph Wright in sisted that Taft-Hartley repeal, and Wagner act re-enactment is at the top of the Department’s legis lative program. Much criticism by pro-labor members of Congress as well as by union leaders has been voiced against the hesitancy of both Labor Committee .chairmen to tackle the Taft-Hartley problem forthrightly. Sen. Thomas has been a particular target, since he consulted with Taft before checking procedures with members of his own party’s delegation on the committee. Failure of Congressional Demo cratic leaders to rally unanimously around the “two package” stand ard was gleefully greeted by the Chamber of Commerce in its “La bor Relations Letter,” which pre dicted that this means a consider able delay before the vicious law is out of action. The Chamber has also declared that it is willing to have the Taft Hartley law amended. Among the amendments it suggests is one banning the union shop as well as the closed shop, and one forbidding the NLRB to recognize a bargain ing unit larger than one plant in a big company’s network. Apprenticeship Program Deserving Of All Possible Help, Sec. Tobin Declares Department. The Secretary named the following as new mergers of the committee: Fred N. Aten, president of the Railway Employes’ Department, AFL in Chicago Robert W. Mc Chesney, president of the National Electrical Contractors Association, Washington, D. C. H. E. Foreman, managing director of the Associat ed General Contractors of America, Washington, D. C. Leon Weir, as sistant vice president of the New England Telephone and Telegraph Co., Boston. Other members of the commit tee previously appointed are: John P. Frey, president of the, metal Trades Department, AFL, of Wash ington, D. C. Archie Pearson, di rector of the Ford Motor Co., train ing department, Dearborn, Mich. John Green, president of the In dustrial Union of Marine and Ship (Turn to Page Two)