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PAGE FOUR Ebe Polhrg Usrnld f. OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF IM NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPKRATIVB POTTKRfl -j." ,v «nd RAST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL Published every Thursday at Eat Liven ol, tar the N. B. of O. P.. owning and aparatinf the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant In the State. Entered at Poet Office, East L: ’hi •. A? 20, 1902, as aocond-claM matter. Accepted for maiitny at Si h, r- P- ge provided for in Section 1109, Art of October IS, 1917, authorised August 20, 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 578 HARRY L. GILL-------------------------------------------------- -.Editor and Business Manarer One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada.----------———————12.00 Second Vice dent Franf Hall. 8111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park. Cajif. Third Vice Pn i»nt______________ -J None of our big legislative eggs has been hatched. Some of them haven’t even been put in the incubator. So, we suggest that the “folks back home” start telling their senators and congressmen that they want quick pass age of the Truman Fair Deal measures. Letters, jxjstcards, telegrams, petitions and telephone calls are standard equipment for such a task. Use them! Wise Words It is not often that personal political opinions of the members of the United States Supreme Court call for edi torial discussion and approval. Like most of their predeces sors the present justices try to keep out of the public lime light, thus preserving the authority and dignity of the na tion’s highest tribunal. However, two instances of recent date are too important to lie ignored, even though the daily press has seen fit to pay little or no attention to either. This is what Supreme Court Justice William Douglas had to say on the ever-important issue of how to fight totalitarian ideology both at home and abroad: “We must restore integrity to our own political tactics by putting an end to the shameful practice of branding as a Communist everyone who espouses a liberal reform or pro motes a program for the underpriviledged. If the late George Norris were alive today, promoting his Moved Tennessee Valley Authority, some would laM him a Communist. “The real victory over communism will be won in the factories and rice fields of the world, rather than on the bat tle fields. The fight depends for its ultimate success on the people of the various nations, not on their governments. Thus we must support those who represent democratic values and who have practical programs for jiolitical action. When we prop up governments that are self-seeking, corrupt or fascist, we lose ground in the world-wide struggle against communism.” Justice Felix Frankfurter, in a memorable defense of the American tradition to obtain justice for rich and poor alike, said that Marxism had not been taken seriously enough in the past and had thus found increasing favor among “the propertyless masses.” For the United States to le jittery and fearful of Russian policies is absurd, he add ed “with our material and moral resources, the surest way to flourish is to maintain faith in democratic institutions, provided we have the strength and confidence in our vigor.” These are wise words of wise men. American citizens should take them to heart. 'Other Side* Tells Story Big business and many of the small special interest groups have been taking full advantage of the time that has elajjsed since Congress went into session nearly months ago. They have really been turning on the heat in Wash ington. If you believed some of the stories their lobbyists are telling, then the election of Nov. 2 meant nothing. The voters didn’t vote for a change. Truman didn’t really win. The Republicans weren’t really defeated. Unfortunately they’ve been able to sell some of their nonsense, largely because of the silence of those who put the Democrats liack in control of Congress. (Incidentally, some Congressional committee could per form a valualde public service by investigating the activities —and expenditures—of the lobbyists. And those who claim they represent' “small business” shouldn’t be skipped, eitkdt.) It’s time for those who spoke loudest at the polls last November to begin speaking again—directly to the men and women they sent to ashington to represent them. It’s Lime for thqm to tell again—in communications to senators and congressmen—the same story they told at the polls Nov. 2. '17^ 17 ^7 Slaven. Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice -.-I. nt___ Ct u Ziu mer, 104' o'.,.. Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jwsey Sixth Vice Pre I n-----------Uwxw 1-rner, 1!!' W Drury Lane, East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Pice I ident_________ T. J. I unond. 2 E. Lir in Way, Minerva Ohio Eghth Vice P-.-wtant ............... ..JcuL_» Chad i.k, Grar Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treat ner haa F. Jordan, P. O. Box 7 ,2, East Liverpool, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL toOfoSv«wZZZZGHA& F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, ERNEST TORRENCE CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE _______________ __________E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETJ TtlCRT CLARK, DAVID BEA VAN, CHAS. JORDAN ~DECORATINC STANDING COMMITTEE w—■Sa^.a— RORi D!I TZ. Sr., W. A. BBTZL RAT BBOOIJM -----------------------JAMKa ST.AVEN, OSCAR SWAN, ROSE CTWART Pass Some Of It! The 81st Congress, which convened Jan. 3, hasn’t pass ed a single piece of major legislation. It’s true that the first part of the session was devoted to reorganization of the House and Senate, but we think it appropriate to quote part of an editorial we ran last Nov. 22: “There is a strong inclination on the part of Truman supporters to count their legislative eggs before they’ve hatched. “Many of them assume that the new Congress will jump at the chance to enact into law the program the President advocated during his campaign. “In doing so they’re making a bad mistake.. They are discounting—or completely forgetting—the forces in Con gress opposed to various portions of the Truman program. “We’re not predicting that Congress will toss the Pres pident’s legislation plans into the ash can. Far from it. “We’re merely saying that it would be foolish for the voters who put the Democrats in power to ignore the real ities of legislative procedure—to ignore the anti-civil liber ties block in Congress—to ignore the need for reminding some of the lawmakers they have a mandate from the people. “It is a reasonably clear mandate and the Democratic Voters should not permit it to become clouded. “And it won’t become clouded if the ‘folks back home’ keep reminding the men and women who were elected that the ‘do nothing for the people’ attitude of the 80th Congress caused many political heads to roll.” v 'w Low-Cost Housing Needs Facts revealed by recent surveys in 5 cities constitute a strong argument for passage of national housing legisla tion, such as organized labor has long advocated. The sur veys highlight the urgent need for low-rent and low-priced housing. Pittsburgh and Allegheny county were short an esti mated 54,000 housing units as of January, 1949. This figure was arrived at on the basis of the number of families living in the area, the number of substandard units that should be removed and replaced and the absence of a 4 percent vacancy reserve. Less than 1.5 percent of the families were in the market for rental housing at or above $80. In Benton Harbor, Mich., a survey of veterans housing conditions showed that an estimated 300 new housing units were needed, with about 100 for sale and about 200 for rent at approximately $40 per month. Some 44,000 Seattle families—about 22 percent of all families in the metropolitan area—will be in the market for another place to live during the next 3 years. Only 6 percent are desirous of buying. Average rental specified was $50 while the average price prospective home owners were pre pared to pay was $8,443. Families with incomes in the lowest 20 percent of Hous ton families earn $2,455 a year or less, and can pay an aver age monthly rent of only $41, including utilities, a public housing market survey showed. Few standard private units are available in the area for less than $70 a month, including utilities. With an estimated population of 101,500, greater Kal amazoo, Mich., needs 5,000 new dwelling units immediately, and will develop a need for new housing, over and above the present backlog, of almost 850 units a year for the next 12 years. To remove the backlog, provide for new families, and establish a normal supply, homes must be built at the rate of 1,250 a year until 1960, the survey estimated. Soaking The Poor Is it right to tax a poor man at a rate of 3,425 percent greater than a millionaire? That’s the sales tax for you! Born during the depression when incomes were low, the sales tax has grown like the proverbial green bay tree. At one time 37 states used this highly unjust tax, although 10 of the more progressive states have dropped it. West Vir ginia raised over 61 percent of state revenue by a sales tax Michigan over half, and Washington just under half. This iniquitous tax is recognized by reputable econom ists as the most unfair way to raise revenue. It is called a “regressive” tax and with good reason. The sales tax is a particularly vicious tax, because it bears heaviest on those least able to pay and lowers their standard of living. It bears least heavy on the well-to-do and does not debase their liv ing standards. For example, a study made before the war by the Gen eral Welfare League shows that whereas a poor man earn-, ing $1,000 or less paid a tax of $8.22 per $1,000, a millionaire paid a tax of only 2,1c per $1,000. Figured on a percentage basis, the poor man’s tax was 3,425 percent greater than the millionaire’s tax! If that isn’t soaking the poor, what would you call it The Public Wants Action Late reports from Washington, D. C., say that mail from the folks back home is swamping the members of con gress for the first time this session. The people are demand ing action. They are asking why it takes so long to carry out the president’s program. They want to know what is stopping immediate repeal of the Taft-Hartley Law. Maybe, after all, the lobbyists will fail to block repeal of the vicious Taft-Hartley Law. Maybe the double-cross we have feared will not come off. There’s a dim chance that the Democrats will make a real effort to keep their platform pledge. Meanwhile, militant and progressive Labor organiza tions are not taking any chances. They are making their plans to organize in their phases of jurisdiction in every city in the land. The Teamsters are taking the lead. If the Taft-Hartley Law is not repealed, we will be ready when the next election day rolls around, we hope. If we are prepared, many of the congressmen who are respon sible for anti-Labur legislation will be left at home. Installment Recent action by the Federal Reserve Board in easing the restrictions on installment buying makes it appear easier for working people to finance purchases of expensive items. The new rules, covering purchases between $50 and $5,000 still require one-third down payment on autos, 15 per cent payment on cooking stoves, mechanical dishwash ers, ironers, refrigerators, food freezers, washing machines, air conditioners, radio and television sets, phonographs, sew ing machines, suction cleaners and household furniture. But buyers now have up to 21 months to pay for autos, 18 months on other purchases between $1,000 and $1,500, and 15 months for purchases of $1,000 or less. Many merchants are already trying to make credit sales appear more alluring. But most of us will be well advised to go slow, for installment credit now totals more than $8 billion and much of this burden falls on working people. And, as always, the final installment has to be paid. The Most Startling Announcement of 1949 The British Tory party (Conservative) has announced that if it wins the election in 1950 it pledges itself not to repeal the National Health Insurance plan adopted by the British Labor Party. Incidentally, the British Tories have pledged themselves not to repeal the Lalwir Party’s action in establishing public ownership of the Bank of England, public ownership of the Electric and Gas industries and public ownership of the Transjiortation Industries. The British Tories fought the National Health Insur ance plan bitterly and now admit that it should not be re pealed. Before this* announcement it was understood that the Health Insurance plan would be the main issue of the, 1950 campaign. Dr. Gallup has predicted a Tory victory in 1950. On what issue Dr. Gallup? Jobs And Skills The individual worker cannot be held solely resiJonsible for keeping himself employed at all times under modern economic conditions, says the Committee for Economic De velopment. But if he wants employment, it adds, he does have the responsibility of making the most effective use of the opportunities available. For a job holder this means giving a good day’s work for a good day’s pay, and steady efforts to improve his com mence. For a job seeker, it means taking advantage of all facilities for general education and for the development of salable skills as well as seeking opportunities to use them. i THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO 1 SffF... •. 1 ..1 H0U&K COHNTIOHS MUST /MAWWMt *^.---- //BiBl latrfftT I PhcBjn^ /Sb Elated opo I 'WSa NEWS and VIEWS By ALEXANDER S. LIPSELL (An ILNS Feature) Whoever thought that legislation fathered by Senator Robert Taft and tagged with his name would be regarded as “socialistic” and the forerunner of an American socialist state?! Yet if we are to take statements of top unioir leaders seriously, this seems the latest strata gem in the fight for repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. Unfortunately, it does not help labor .to arrive at a better understanding of the com plex issues involved. Last year the American people guffawed at charges by the real estate lobby that the public housing bill sponsored by the senior Sen ator from Ohio was an offspring of socialist and even communist ideology. Now the wheel has come a full turn, and to find union lead ership joining in denunciations of Senator Taft as a radical and peace maker of socialism in America is disconcerting, to say the least. The truth is of course that the American trade union movement, by taking an unbending repeal stand and stubbornly closing its eyes to political realities, finds itself out on a limb. This is the result not only of the lack of real political power by labor, but of the inability of its leadership to adjust their moves to the circumstances required. There is, as Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon observed, no chance for repeal of the T-H Act in the sense advocated by labor, and “union leaders are deluding themselves if they believe Congress would re store the Wagner Act as it was.” Many Democratic Senators, he said, “are saying privately that they fully expect and hope the administra tion labor bill will be amended, and it certainly will be.” At least one of the A FL elder statesmen, President Daniel J. Tobin of the Teamsters Brotherhood, has publicly recognized these facts. Tobin, in a letter to the teamsters conference in Chicago, placed blame for the “double-cross” on “office holders and members of Pres ident Truman’s own party who were elected on a platform which dis tinctly stated absolute repeal of the T-H law.” Tobin together with Vice President Dave Beck of Seattle, moving spirit behind the Chicago coherence pointed to the possibility of a socialist state here as a consequence of continuing “hamstringing laws”' and thus undermining “free labor in a free-enterprise society.” Dave Beck made some additional observations which throw a re vealing light on the confusion within labor ranks. He said he hoped hibor would never be forced to go into politics here, as it had done in England and elsewhere. He added he believed it preferable to work through economic rather than political means. This comes as quite a surprise after an election in which trade unionism played a leading role in defeating the 80th Congress for its donothing policies and bad labor record. If that is not going into politics, what is it? It is true that American labor, unlike the British and other overseas labor movements, has not embarked on a full fledged political party of its own, but the A FL League for Political Education and kindred groups are concrete steps in that direction. Needless to say, I am in full agreement with Dave Beck’s dictum of free labor in a free-enterprise society. In stating that “there must be room for both capital and labor ... we cannot take good wages, hours and working conditions out of a bankrupt business and in dustry must make a proper return on its investment,” he echoed the views of the overwhelming majority of American union officials and members. Yet no amount of sweet reasonableness can ignore the fact that labor has moved far into the political arena, It makes no difference what we call it as long as the substance is there and while labor is getting ready for next year’s election bout when, among others, the fate of Senator Taft is at stake. Similar views of the T-H Act as a potent factor toward state con trol are held by the United Mine Workers, who urge repeal lest the act “lead .to the regimentation of industry from the purchase of raw materials to the sale of products.” Strong forces are indeed pulling in that direction, but they are not confined to the T-H Act. Ever since the early 1930s the American people have s«*en their federal govern ment massively engaged in economic and social action which .three decades ago would have been considered extremely radical, if not revolutionary. Neither labor nor management can ignore these trends. No one denies that the T-H Act has glaring faults. So has the Wagner Act and so have many other pieces of federal and state labor legislation. Senator Mors** has frankly recognized them, and when he calls upon the Republican party to remove the “anti-labor label which now it has so justifiably pinned on it,” he is on sure grounds. Labor can afford to be equally frank and to take a position that corresponds to facts, not to illusions. THE VOICE OF SILENCE By RUTH TAYLOR S Silence may be far more eloquent than speech. It may shout more loudly than a strident voice. It may be more expressive than the most grandiloquent oratory. It may damn by the omission of praise—or it may grant consent to the most nefarious of acts. The Psalmist said: “These things hast thou done, and I kept silence thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself.” If we keep silent when we see a wrong committed, we give consent to it and we become an accessory after the fact. “Speech may be silver and silence golden” but when silence abets a wrong, its gold is as dross. “There is a time to keep silence, and a time to speak”, and now when the world is torn by cruelties again, when the forces of evil are chafing at their chains, is the time for speech. It was Mr. Justice Holmes who said: “The greatest menace to freedom is an inert people.” It was the silence of the German people while Hitler rose to power and committed his first acts of cruelty that condemned them. It was the silence of the Communists and their fellow-travellers when the Soviet first thrust out its tentacles to enslave neighboring nations which condemned them. If we are silent in the face of evil, we, too are condemned. If we lielieve in the principles laid down in our own Constitution and above all in those statements of freedom given utterance in the Bill of Rights, we cannot keep silent. When freedom is threatened anywhere, we must speak out, and when religion—no matter the creed—is attacked, we can not remain silent. It is not a matter of taking sides. It is the coming to the defense of right against wrong, of justice against injustice, of liberty against oppression, of religion against paganism, of the sanctity of the in dividual against the supremacy of the State. Americans don’t compromise or bargain with another person’s rights or freedom. When we keep quiet when—we should speak out, we aid in selling your brother down the river. Let the people be good, aryi the government cannot be bad. Now is the time to speak out for those principles of equality and freedom for all, which are the cornerstone of our liberty. Let not the thunders of silence condemn us! o I Thursday, March 24,1949 Teeth Important To A Healthy Person By DR. ELMER RICHARDSON Strong, well-shaped teeth, free of cavities and decay are general ly a good indication of the physical fitness of a person. No physical examination is complete without a mouth and dental check-up for that reason. .... .. Dental caries are considered by both physicians and dentists one of the big medical problems among civilized people. Their frequency among school-age children has led to the develoyment of free dental examinations and often free treatment in a great number of the public schools of our country. Gingivitis, often called “trench mouth sometimes labeled pink tooth-brush” is an almost equally common gum disease. Dentists and physicians are agreeing more and more that this gum condition is an important warning signal for other serious failings in a persons general health. Many attribute recurring cases to a vitamin (tendency in the diet or general poor dietary habits. That gingivitis is related to general health is substantiated by the fact that accompanying sym ptoms are often back and shoulder aches, low vitality, stomach aches, and a condition described by patients as “being tired all the time.” Among a few tribes of Indians, Eskimos and natives still obser ving their primitive eating and hygiene habits there has been observed a remarkable lack of tooth decay and malformation of dental arches. When some of these people have been exposed to our “civilized” liv ing and eating habits, tooth decay has developed rapidly. Histories of other groups have shown that with the march of Civilization, form erly healthy groups have developed in later generations serious dental illnesses, followed by arthritis, tuberculosis, face and jaw deformities, all previously unknown. This hind of evidence has made a lot of doctors and dentists aware of the importance of good nutritional habits and of natural and vit amin-rich foods to the general health of a person and a community. A twice-a-year dental cneck-up plus a twice-a-year general check-up for every person, as advocated by doctors and dentists, would catch in early stages the first signs of failing health. A set of “store teeth” may be working remedy that will last a life time for some people. Not every person can avoid having dentures, even by careful hygiene and frequent care. His system may have been deprived from birth of the essential ingredients for good teeth. This, in turn, is often a reflection of his mother’s poor health or poor nutri tion, the absence of the necessary minerals and vitamins to trans fer to her child in his prenatal life. And here the average wife and mother faces a dilemma. Even if she knows that she ought to give her family foods rich in proteins, vitamins, and other necessary tissue-building and health-preserving foods, she has only a stock of processed and nutrient-diluted foods from which to plan her menus. She sees “vitamin-enriched” labels on many food packages but she also sees price tags- on such foods that make her wary of purchasing them. White bread, sweets, carbohy drates in excess, insoluble fats, still make up the diets of too many families. Dentists, doctors, dieticians, and nutritionists can help, both in diagnosing and planning for continued and improved health—if they have the opportunity to see people regularly and to consult with them freely. This is why there is increasing emphasis on the necessity of preventive medical care. Washington Labor Report FILIBUSTER SUBVERSIVES’ BEST WEAPON IN AMERICA By SEN. HUBERT H. HUMPHREY (D, Minn.) President Harry Truman’s program, as set forth in the Demo cratic platform which was adopted at Philadelphia, is a minimum pro gram tor America. I submit to my friends on this side of the aisle that if that program is not enacted into legislation within tire four year period, they can well rest assured that there will be a type of political movement in this country that will proselyte upon every pre judice, upon every weakness, upon every little bump and boil on the entire face of our economy. I can think of nothing that has been done by the Senate of the United States that plays more definitely into the hands of persons who appeal to minority groups in order to get them into some subversive organization. I do not take a back seat for any one in fighting subversives and battling against those who would destroy our way of life. I know that the greatest appeal which com munism and fascism have is to the ignorance, the bigotry, the pre judice, of people who have been denied opportunity. I know that if the resolution is adopted, it will mean, for all practical purposes, no civil rights for at least two years. I submit that the same persons who only awhile ago said that if this country were involved in war they would not even fight for us, will be going up and down the line appeal ing to every minority group in America and saying, “Look at the Re publicans, look at the Democrats. They sold you down the river.” We are arming them with the truth this time. They will have the truth on their side when they say that, because we have sold them down the river. It is the biggest sell-out that this country has ever known, and I deeply resent it. I can hear now the criticisms we shall receive from millions of persons in this Nation who feel there ought to be fair-employment practice legislation, that there should be an anti-lynch law, that there should he an eradication of the poll tax, or any other kind of a mech anism which denies people the right to vote. The strength of Amer ica’s democracy is tne cleanness of her hands. Can we go to those people with clean hands? If we did not intend to pass such legislation, why did we pledge it in the platform There is one thing I can say about my party, and that is that we had a knock-down-and-drag-out battle about putting it into the platform. I know something about that fight. My friends on the other side adopted such a platform plank unanimously. We put it in our platform after a bitter fight which almost cost us the victory in the election. I shall not stand up, after working my heart out in a campaign, and seeing things denied that I believe to be right, and see such legislation not even given a chance to be debated and voted on in the Senate of the United States. I want to send a resounding call to the labor leaders of the coun try, und ask them, “Do you think this kind of a coalition and the Wherry resolution are the things you want? Do you think it is just something with regard to civil rights?” I have in my pocket the telephone numbers of two prominent labor leaders, and I shall call them as soon as I am through and tell them that I think they had better get down to Washington and find out what is happening to them. They should not have everything they want, but it seems to me they will not get anything they want. Look at what has happened in connection with rent control. What is hap pening to some of the President’s appointments? This is merely the beginning. We an* beginning to kick them around again. I submit that this is only the first blow to the Truman program and to the Fair Deal. I believe in that program. I remind some of the Senators that is not going to be easy going, from here on, because if. this alliance can be formed and can be made to stick, we shall have a great deal of trouble. I appeal to my colleagues from the South, Let us not make such an alliance. I hope I have convinced some Senators and changed th*»ir minds, but I doubt it. Do not think that some of the Senators who signed this petition, and who fought along with the Senators from the South, are in favor of a minimum-wage increase. Do not think they will vote for Federal aid to education. We know that it is needed. We know that we need legislation on public health. That is a part of the civil-rights program. We know we need better pensions for our old people. We know that we shall have to develop the regional river valleys as was done in the case of the Tennessee River Valley. We know we must take the shackles off labor and give it a chance to de velop and grow as an honorable, responsible organization. Our farm folks will have to have more help. Let us not lese the faith we should have. Old Yarn to Alarm Workers The Scripps-Howard papers revive a hoary old fake. It’s about unemployment insurance. It says that the balance in the hands of Uncle Sam totals $8,400,000,000. Then this bit of “poison” is dropped in: “Trouble is that Uncle Sam has spent the money, replacing it with his bonds.” Apparently the idea is to scare those who, looking into the future, believe that some day they may be compelled to take advantage of unemployment benefits. As a matter of fact, there is no reason to be alarmed. Uncle Sam is taking good care of the unemployment insur ance surplus. True, he has invested it in government bonds. He has done that because government bonds happen to be the best investment in the world. If the time should come when Uncle Sam can’t make good on his bonds, unemployment insurance would not be much good to American workers, because the republic our fathers founded and we have en deavored to preserve, would be shot to pieces. Thank God that day is not in sight and thank God that Uncle Sam has a big fund on hand to relieve unemployment. Let’s hope we never need it, but it’s nice to know it’s there if we should need it. Filially, it borders on the criminal for newspapers to print? such foolish yarns, because someone may be foolish enough to be alarmed by them.