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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, April 07, 1949, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-04-07/ed-1/seq-2/

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because there are no criminal pen
1 alties for violations of the law
there will be no chance of ever ef
fectively replacing rent curbs in an
area once decontrolled.
l.gi ptoeafl rub go Home wmawMaua
Washington (LPA) The 1949«F
version of rent control has been
finally approved by Congress just
two days before the previous curbs
on landlords expire March 31.
Frankly a compromise, the new
law will require stronger political
action at state and local levels to
insure the best possible local regu
lations curbing rents. The intent
of Congress was clearly to get rid
of all federal controls as soon as
possible, preferably when the new
law expires on June 30, 1950.
Organized tenants, and “repre
sentative groups” of tenants will
be at an advantage under the new
law, since they will in the future
be allowed to appear before hear
ings on rent raises or decontrol,
and can appeal decisions of the
local board on these matters to the
Housing Expediter or to the em
ergency Court of Appeals. If the
local board appeals a ruling of the
Housing Expediter to the court,
the representative group can ap
pear before the court. The same
rights are granted to the landlords’
Some general rent Increases are
expected almost immediately under
the new law, but their extent will
1 depend on how Housing Expediter
1 Tighe Woods decides to interpret
it. After a bitter fight in which
House conferees refused to budge
an inch from their version, the bill
4 finally approved allows landlords a
“fair net operating income.” This
is the basis on which the Expediter
can grant individual rent boosts.
The states are given the right
to lift controls if the legislature
approves such a step, and it is ap
proved by the governor. The state
legislature can over-rule the gov
ernor if he vetoes the decontrol.
Cities, towns and villages that
are incorporated can lift rent con
trols for their area. Procedure in
such cases requires that the local
law-making body must give 10
days notice, then hold a public
hearing, then can vote decontrol.
The Nat’l Conference of Mayors
voted only a few days before the
law was passed to disapprove of
such a procedure.
Another section that may result
:in decontrol of many areas is one
permitting the Housing Expediter
to re-control defense housing areas
that have once been decontrolled.
Quite openly, Housing Expediter
.» Tighe Woods circulated to mem
bers of Congress a list of over 100
areas in nearly every state which
would decontrol if h« would
have the power to put them back
under controls. His argument was
that he will see that rents don’t
soar too much in these areas. How
'j ever, union spokesmen insist that
Golden's Flowers
Are Always
The Best
A Large Selection
To Choose From
I 4 15 /.,
,i i
Jaha, Grata, Betty, Jack
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Other provisions of the Rent
Control Act of 1949 are these:
Trailer accommodations of a
permanent nature are re-control
The Housing Expediter can sue
a landlord, who has overcharged,
for triple damages on behalf of a
The Housing Expediter can set
up rules curbing evictions from
rent-controlled units, which apply
in cases where he suspects a rent
gouge is taking place.
The Housing Expediter can wder
the decontrol of “luxury” apart
ments where it is shown this action
will result in creation of new
dwelling units.
Permanent hotel accommodations
in cities over 2,500,000 (New York
and Chicago) are recontrolled at
the rates in effect March 1, 1949.
This will freeze these rents at an
all-time high rate.
Laski Asks More
Political Action'
By Trade Unions
New York (LPA)—British poli
tical scientist Harold J. Laski last
week declared that the political re
sponsibility of the trade union
movement today is at least as im
portant as its economic work.
Speaking under the auspices of
the Sidney Hillman Foundation,
established by the Amqlgamated
Clothing Woricers of America in
honor of its first president Laski
“The trade union movement, in
a revolutionary age like our own,
has a political task at least of
equal importance to its economic
function. No doubt it must seek
with all its power to increase pro
ductivity there is no other way to
advance the standard of life.
“Yet it seems to me that the
supreme duty of the trade unions
—in particular, therefore, of their
leaders—is to set the economic
policy in the political prespective
that makes its fulfillment possible.”
The British Labor party leader
said that either western society
will “go forward towards a com
munity which is a fellowship of
free men and women, or backward
to a new dark age.” :i
Altho critical of the activities of
the Communist party, Professor
Laski warned against the sort of
anti-Communist campaigns which
he fears might end with the des
truction of democracy.
While a number of colleges and
universities have accepted the Hill
man Foundation’s invitation to co
sponsor Laski ItK'tures, the Uni
versity of California h** with
drawn its request that he address
its student body. ACW has ann
ounced, however, that U of stud
ents will be welcome at a public
lecture it has arranged for the
visiting scholar in Los Angeles.
AFL Canvassers
(Continued From Page One)
1950 election. Everyone of the 48
states made enthusiastic reports
supporting the need and effective,
ness of trade union political action
year in and yenr out.
“The delegate unanimously
agreed that the only language the
politician understands is votes in
the ballot box on election day. The
only way to get votes in the ballot
hast is to have a permanent League
in every district and a union stew
ard in every precinct.”
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!
Competent and reliable man for Superin
tendent of Decorating Shop. Excellent op
portunity for right party. Good salary. Box
752, East Liverpool, Ohio.
,, HlimIB lB Bt IB IW fldHMNt* »tl!» Mfl INW
v 1
Money Loaned
I 5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
Vice Preside*! W. E. DUNLAP, IL ARemer
,t, i
Over 1,100 registrations were re
ceived for courses offered last
year. Approximately 800 were reg
ister^ in the divisions’ classes dur
ing this year’s fall and winter
Two Rail Unions
Vote On Merger
Washington (LPA) After 18
months of negotiations, special
committees of two major Railroad
Brotherhoods—the Locomotive En
gineers and the Locomotive Fire
men & Enginemen—have agreed
upon a plan of amalgamation which
will be submitted to a referendum
of the membership of both organ
Should the merger go through,
it will bring under one banner two
of the oldest railroad labor organ
izations. The Engineers’ Brother
hood, dean of all rail unions, was
formed 86 years ago, and the Fire
men & Enginemen’s Brotherhood
71 years ago. The former has
about 80,000 members, and the
latter over 110,000.
At one time the first Brother
hood was* composed solely of en
gineers and the latter qf firemen,
but through the years their mem
bership has become mixed and fre
quent jurisdictional strife has
Amalgamation was frequently
proposed, but the last conventions
of both organizations aet qp spec
ial committees with the duty of
working out a plan of merger that
could be vot*d upon. These com
mittees have been toiling on the
plan since October 1947.
Considerable assets are involved
in the merger proposal. Each or
ganisation has about $3,000,060 in
general assets, and a combined
total of $50,900,(MH) in insurance
Several hurdles remain. Not only
will the merger plan have to be
approved in a referendum, but in
addition each Brotherhood is then
to hold a special convention to
ratify the amnlgamation. Each con
vention is to elect 100 delegates to
meet in a further constitutional
convention at which officers of the
combined Brotherhood will be elect
A lot of fellows I know have lost
their shirts because they put too
much on the cuff.
i.h ii
RADIO WORKSHOP—Donald Meany, news chief of station WNJR,
Newark, N. J., show records in the radio library to students at the radio
workshop run by RutgerS University. The classes teach members of
AFL, CIO and unaffiliated unions in the area broadcasting techniques,
program planning, script writing, radio publicity and other useful sub
College Awards Certificates To Union
Members Completing Labor Courses
Chicago (ILNS). The Roose
velt College Labor Education Divis
ion awarded certificates to approx
imately 100 union members who
completed a group of evening
labor training courses at the col
lege March 24.
One of the few of its kind in the
country in a school of higher learn
ing, the Labor Education Division
of Roosevelt College offers train
ing opportunities for union mem
bers and educational services for
labor groups. Its program, conduct
ed through conferences, institutes,
and short courses, is designed to
meet labor’s needs for specialized
Certificates were presented by
Fnink W. McCallister, newly ap
pointed director of the Labor Edu
cation Division. This is the first
group to become eligible for certi
ficates since McCallister came to
Roosevelt College from the Georgia
Workers Education Service, a joint
AFL-CIO state-wide program of
worker education which he direct
In awarding the certificates Mc
Callister called the Roosevelt Col
lege Education Division’s program
of “Training for Better Union Ser
vice” a now and important develop
ment in American education. “The
students we are r*cognizing for
successfully completing workers
education courses are pioneers in a
movement which will ultimately
help labor find its proper place as
an integral part of community
In another case, involving a non
union subcontractor Local 498 of
the Plumbers Union-AFL, in Gad
sen, Ala., was found guilty of con
ducting a secondary boycott, be
cause it picketed a construction
Then the five-man NLRB itself
overruled a trial examiner and said
that an AFL federal local violated
Taft-Hartley by sending its pickets
to the platforms of a trucking com
pany which was handling paper
food containers made by a strike
bound company.
In a welcome departure from
some of its recent decisions, how
ever, the board refused to upset
the decision of a trial examiner
who maintained that the peeve of
a $33,0C0-a-year plasterer against
the Plasterers Union-AFL has nor
thing to do with interstate com
merce. The board declined to hear
the case.
NY Daily Hails
Fund Report By
Clothing Workers
Now York (LPA)—The annual
financial report of the Amalgamat
ed Clothing Workers was hailed
last week by the conservative Her
ald Tribune in an editorial as giv
ing “heart-warming proof of the
vigor of our democratic ways.”
“There are two points of inter
est,” asserted the Herald Tribuna:
“I—the union has made its fin
ancial report public—a practice of
most unions, despite the too wide
ly prevailing notion that a major
ity of unions conceal these facts,
and 2—the union’s interest in and
concern for civic and community
activities expressed by its gener
ous gifts.”
The clothing workers union
showed a balance of $6,620,218 at
the end of December 1948, an in
crease of nearly one million dollars
over 1947.
Locals, joint board and the in
ternational union together contri
buted more than a million dollars
to UN and community relief funds,
and educational, charitable and
civic organizations.
The union’s income from per
capita and initiation fees came to
$2,858,290. Total income was $3,
296,314. The ACW spent $1,311,•
379 for organization expenses in
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!
Unions Hit By
NLRB Rules
Washington (LPA)—Both AFL
and CIO unions were hit by the
NLRB last week in its compaign
to tighten up enforcement of Taft
Hartley’s anti-secondary boycott
provisions. As in several previous
cases, the NLRB crossed over the
line which separates secondary and
primary boycotts.
The Nat’l Union of Marine Cooks
& Stewards, and the Pacific Coast
Firemen & Oilers both CIO
unions—were ordered by a trial
examiner to stop picketing Gulf
coast shipyards of companies affil
iated with the Pacific-American
Shipping Ass’n against which a
strike was being conducted on th#
west coast.
Brustling aside the unions’ con
tention that the picketing was de«
feigned to prevent Hie ships from?
sailing with scab crews during the
strike, examiner Charles Ferguson
said it was a secondary boycott
aimed at forcing the west coast
operators to settle the strike.
Rules Committee
Stalling On T-H
Repeal Measure
Washington (LPA) All last
week the Taft-Hartleyite “bipart
isan” majority of the House Rules
Committee filibustered the Labor
Committee’s request for quick
action to repeal the anti-union law.
When the committee adjourned
Friday it was announced that it
i^ould, jn executive session, take
action on Taft-Hartley this week.
Republican members of the com
mittee sat grinning as Dixiecrat
Rep. Eugene Cox (D, Ga.) virtual
ly assumed the functions of ageing
pro-labor Committee chairman
Adolph Sabath (D, Ill.). Cox, and
another labor-baiting southerner,
Rep. Howard Smith (D, Va.) did
most of the needling of pro-union
Labor Committee members, with
an occasional assist from Rep.
Clarence Brown (R, Ohio), Sen.
Robert A. Taft’s perennial cam
paign manager.
Altho Labor Committee Chair
man Rep. John Lesinski (D, Mich.)
has asked for a “closed rule”
which would force a House vote on
the labor-supported bill to re-en
state the Wagner act, Chairman
Sabath said last week that he
thought the tory majority of the
Rules Committee would insist on
an open rule. This would permit an
unlimited number of anti-union
amendments to be proposed on the
floor of the House, and might make
a clear-cut vote on the Lesinski
bill impossible.
As the week ended many Con
gressmen were saying that it
might be necessary to take advant
age of the new House procedure
which permits a committee chair
man, who has gotten the runaround
from the Rules Committee for 21
days, to bring his bill directly to
the House.
Meanwhile, Republicans on the
Labor Committee are planning to
protest to the House that they
didn’t get a chance to “work on
the bill” in committee. They may
urge the House to order a recom
mital of the repealer, thus delay
ing action on labor legislation until
many important union contracts
have expired, and been renegotiat-'
ed under the shadow of Taft-Hart
Charges that the pro-union maj
ority of the Labor Committee has
railroaded thru the bill which Pres
ident Truman as well as organized
labor supports were rebutted by
committeei members. They pointed
out that full hearings had been
conducted on the bill, and contrast
ed this with the way the anti-labor
majority on the committee during
the 80th Congress forced a vote on
Taft-Hartley without even giving
the pro-union minority a chance to
read the bill.
In sharp contrast to the rude
treatment accorded pro-union mem
bers of the Labor Committee by
the labor-haters on the powerful
Rules Committee, was the courtesy
they showed Rep. John Wood (D,
Ga.) when he appeared on behalf
of his substitute, which would leave
Taft-Hartley in operation.
Rep. Andrew Jacobs (D, Ind.)
one of th» most effective spokes
men against Taft-Hartleyism on
the Labor Committee once stalked
out of the Rules hearing, charging
members of that body with “play
ing political shuttlecock with labor
legislation” and “arrogating to
themselves the functions of Con
He reminded the hatchetmen
that their job is to arrange the
agenda of the House, not debate
the merits of legislation—which is
what the Rules Committee did for
a full week.
Only Rules Committee member
who has spoken out bluntly in sup
port of the Labor Committee’s re
quest is Rep. Ray Madden (D,
Jacobs put his finger on the key
point when he said “The Rule*
Committee doesn’t have a Demo
cratic majority. I judge a Demo
crat bn his voting record. There are
three men who ought to move to
the other side of the table.”
ILO Meeting To
(Continued From Page One)
and Venezuela.
The 3 American states which arc
not members of the ILO—Hondur
as, Nicaragua, and Paraguay—
have been invited to be represent
ed by observers. Other member
countries of the ILO are also en
titled to send observers, and Franco
and the United Kingdom have in
dicated they will do so.
Demand the Union Label.
Santa Monica, Calif.—Local
Union No. 22 will consider
and vote on amending our
constitution by a vote of the
trade at their next regular
meeting on April 20, 1949.
Frank H. Campbell, Pres.
Carl E. Furrer, Vice Pres.
Keith .Clark, Rec. Sec.
Priscilla Brothers, Treas.
Presenting the Administration’s
case for a stronger system of un
employment benefits, old age bene
fits, and health and disability insur
ance is Arthur J. Altmeyer, Social
Security Commissioner. He spent
last week before a hostile llouse
Ways & Means Committee explain
ing the proposals.
Best Essayist To
Get Two Weeks At
Ky. Labor School
Louisville (LPA)—The Kentucky
AFL member who can best put into
words “What My Union Means To
Me” will get two weeks free work
and play at the state AFL’s Labor
School this summer.
Deadline for contest entries is
April 15.
The contest was set up by the
Dep’t of Research and Education
of the Kentucky Federation of
Labor to give an opportunity to a
union member from some small
local in the state, which cannot af
ford to pay the school’s tuition fee,
to attend its classes.
It’s often these small unions
which are most anxious to have
their young members trained for
union work, the Department be
The Labor School, which will be
held at Eastern State College, will
furnish courses in collective bar
gaining procedures, labor history,
parliamentary law and public
speaking, as well as lectures in
economics and political science.
.n. s
Washington State FEPC Act
Olympia, Wash. (ILNS). —The
first state fair employment prac
tices act to be adopted during the
1949 legislative sessions has been
passed by the Washington State
legislature. It will establish a
Washington State Board Against
Discrimination in Employment.
Fur Contort
it Hone, Too!
Washington (LPA)—A three to-F
two NLRB ruling against the Int’l
Ladies Garment Workers Union
AFL last week disclosed that the
majority of the board is using a
double standard in judging what
constitutes free speech.
If there is any suggestion of
“coercion” in what a union organ
izer says, we’ll refuse to grant the
union collective bargaining status,
the NLRB warned. But, of course,
if an employer says unionization
of his plant will lead to loss of
jobs, that’s “free speech.”
What the board did was to annul
an ILGWU victory in a collective
bargaining election at a West Vir
ginia garment factory because or
ganizer Joe Lewis told an anti
union employ that “if you don’t
vote for the union the girls will
refuse to work with you.”
Later the organizer suggested to
the same employe that she stay
away from the polling place be
cause there has sometimes been
“rough stuff” at NLRB balloting
Two members of the board ruled
that both of these statements were
“coercive.” Chairman Paul Herzog
said only the latter one was, but
joined members James J. Reynolds
and J. Copeland Gray in throwing
out the ILGWU’s better than two
to-one victory.
Besides pointing out that there
was no atmosphere of coercion or
violence in the ILGWU’s organiz
ing campaign, dissenting board
members John M. Houston and Abe
Murdock said:
“We should have thought that
the privilege of working people to
refuse to work with those who do
not share their views on the value
of collective bargaining would by
this time have gained a measure of
“A commonplace reference” to
this privilege shouldn’t be blown
up to “the sinister stature of coer
cion,” they declared.
“Strangely e n o u h,” Houston
and Murdock added, “this board
has granted immunity to an em
ployer who points out to his em
ployees on the eve of an election
that if they join the union a strike
might be necessary to enforce
union objectives, with the result
that they would suffer economic
Federation Bill Gets Approval
Sacramento (LPA)—Three bills
on workmen’s compensation were
passed in committee in the state
legislature here last week. The
bills, sponsored by the California
State Federation of Labor, would
improve methods of payment on
disability and provide that min
imum weekly compensation be in
creased to $15, with the maximum
set at $40.
your choice, where would YOU rather
shop or dine or wait for an appointment?
In the comfortable place, of course!
Your public feels tho same way and today
they really havo a choice. They're beginning to
look around a bit more before they part with
their money. Competition in many lines is just
a wee bit tougher.
Air-conditioning does so much to put people in
a spending mood and costs so little. If you
don't have it, you ought to.
As’g us—or your air-conditioning dealer—for facts
and figures that prove how air-condttioning pays
profits to businesses just like yours.
Thursday, April 7, 1949
"Free Speech" Depends Oh
Who Does The Speaking
Urge Probe Of
Marine Policy
Washington (LPA)—An invesd-t
gation of the maritime industry
was urged on President Truman
last week by a White House dele
gation led by Sen. Warren Magnu
son (D, Wash). President Joseph
Curran of Nat’l Maritime Union
and Hoyt Haddock, director of the
Maritime Committee^
Lack of a firm maritime policy,
the group told Truman, endangers
the entire US Merchant Marine.
Three major problems, they main
tained, are:
1—Use of foreign ships to carry
foreign aid goods.
2—Use of army ships in com
petition with private shipping.
3—Transfer of many ships to a
Panama registry in order to un
dercut American wage and work
Nearly 50,000 American merch
ant seamen are now unemployed.
Annual Digest
(Continued From Page One)
Louisiana Legislature repealed a
1946 law of the regulatory typ^
and passed a law providing in
mediation of labor disputes. A ncW
act prohibits transportation of
strikebreakers into that state.
Limited copies of this bulletin,
which concisely summarizes 1948
labor legislation, may be obtained
from the Bureau of Labor Stand
ards, U. S. Department of Labor,
Washington 25, D. C.^ so long as
the free supply lasts. Sales copies
are available from the Superinten
dent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington 25, D.
C., for 10 cents each. Remittance
should accompany the order for
sales copies and should be sent
directly to the Superintendent of
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!
Flexible and 1
rigid arch
styles in ox
fords and
high s o e a
X-ray Fitting
East Sixth Street

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