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PAGE FOUR R■et__________________________James Oparattrea. OparativM. Operative!——. whvs Eb* Fo tiers lernld OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF Tern NATIONAL BBOTHBRBOOD OF OPERATIVB POTTBRI and .... ... RAST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL Published every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owning and operating the Beet Trades Newsi a er end Job Printing Plant in the State. Entered at Poet Office. East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1. 2, as second-class matter. Accepted for mining at Special Rates of Post am provided for ifi Section 110v» Act of October i 1917, autli ted Am ^t, 20, 1318. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST.. BELL PHONE S75 HARRY L. GILL.-------------,■„,■■■■■■«. One Year to Any Part of tbe Umfv.l rj With few exceptions, the Ceramic Industries have not «?ably lagged behind other industries in their programs for ythe development of young engineers. Asset Or Liability You are either one or the other. The difference lies in the degree—you may be a 90 percent asset or only a 50 per cent asset to your union. For instance, if you pay your dues promptly no one could claim you were not a financial asset to vthe iocai, but if your support begins and ends there, you will admit (at least to yourself) that you are less of an asset than the member who pays his dues plus a lot more. Check off the following 10 questions (when no one is looking over your shoulder), give yourself 10 points for each answered “yes,” add up the total, and rate yourself on your own, honestly conducted, “Private Opinion Poll”: 1. I regularly attend my union’s monthly meetings 2. 1 pay my union dues promptly 3. I not only attend meetings, but take an active part in the proceedings 4. I serve on committees whenever asked and do my share of the work 5. 1 consider the best interests of the union when casting my vote ..................................................... 6. If I have a complaint to make on union activities, 1 make it where it counts the most—in a union meeting 7. I try, whenever possible, to bring new members into the union ................................................... 8. 1 know the value of the union as a factor in main taining the gains we have made as well as in obtaining them ..................................................... 9. I actively sup|)ort a membership policy of non discrimination for reasons of race, creed, color or sex ... 10. I can intelligently explain to any of my non union friends, “Why I lielong to a union” Double-Standard Myth A double-standard myth has been carefully nutured by the commercial press to the effect that a labor man is al- biased and should never be appointed to government Lllke except as an “advisor.” A perfect example of this attitude was furnished at the Senate hearings last year when Senator Taft had the effrontery to ask Typographical Union Officer Ralph Wright how he could possibly serve the public impartially if he were appointed Assistant Secretary of Labor. V* right politely answered that when a trade unionist took an oath to impartially uphold the public interest he con! i live up to that oath as well as any other citizen In our little book, Mr. Wright was entirely too jolite. Label And Newer Members To the pionects. of the American lalxir movement scar cely anything was of greater inqiortance than the union label I i inci pie—the principle that those who work union must buy union. Millions of trade unionists and their families ad here faithfully to this principle today. Rut trade unionists must see to it that younger and newer members of organized julKr also learn the vital need of insisting on the union label, ,bhop card and button when purchasing goods or services, 1 do:ng this they protect their own jobs and those of other b'Avoi'ktis employed under union conditions by doing this abey strike heavy’ blows at the sweatshoppers and chiselers, v I io have unfortunately not yet been completely eliminated om American industry. .Editor and Business Manager 12.00 Ftatea or Canada.. M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752.East LtoenxwLOHo Vice President—E. L. Wheatley, Roon 215, Broad Street, National Bank Boild Becond Vtee Prwid*nt^l2^?L.Frank Hull, dill Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park. CaUL Third Vice Preei'b .To Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice Pre int Charlee r, 1045 Ohio Avenue. Trenton 8, New Jersey MxtR Vice Precis Gt‘i e imer, W. Drury Lane. East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Pice'pn .lent T. I esjn‘ 1, 825 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio Brhth Vice President_____________ Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va. gSSry-T?ea«wer Chas. F. Jordan. P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool. Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BUTZ. J. T. HALL fflna JORDAN. FREDERICK GLYNN, ERNEST TORRENCE CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER. W. A. BBTZ —BERT CLARK, DAVID BEAVAN, CHAR JORDAN “DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE _______ ROBERT DIETZ. Sr.. W. A. BETZ, RAY BBOOOl JAMES SLAVEN, OSCAR SWAN, ROSE BTbWAM A Step Forward In Ceramics For a long time, many of our leading industries have recognized that the important function of an Engineering College is to give its students the opportunity of obtaining a thorough training in the fundamentals of engineering—in cluding ipathematics, physics, chemistry, theoretical mec hanics, thermo dynamics, fluid mechanics, etc. To this, oi course, must be added enough of the basic technology in the various areas to enable the students to develop the ability of analyzing and solving engineering problems, and under standing the fundamentals of the technology in the field of 1 engineering they have chosen. Engineering Colleges cannot and should not be expected to develop their students to the point where they can be immediately productive in Industry, i These same industries have realized that it is their respon sibility to train and develop the men after graduation from college, to the point where they will be useful and valuable to them. They have found that the best way to accomplish this, is to organize and operate a systematic training pro i gram for young engineers in their employ. These training programs frequently extend to as much as two years. A .common procedure is to inform their trainees at the time of employment, that they will receive an increase in salary each six months during the training, providing their pro gress is satisfactory. Alany of these same companies have found it profitable to employ engineering students during their summer vacations, in order that they may become ac quainted with the young men before graduation, and so that they can sell their company and its opportunities to these young men. Some of the companies give credit for part of the postgraduate training prop ram based upon the students’ record during vacation employment. Yes No That Morgan Deal We often refer to it merely as the T-H Act but perhaps we should call it the Taft-Hartley-Morgan-Reilly-Iserman measure. And, somehow or other, we ought to work the initials “RNC” into its title. ..x No, we’re not trying to talk in riddles. We’re merely commenting on the solution of a riddle that’s been troubling us for some time. The story goes like this: A Washington attorney named Gerald D. Morgan ap peared before the House Labor Committee recently to give his views on a successor to T-H (or whatever you prefer to call it). Under questioning he admitted he was retained at the request of Rep. Fred Hartley as a special counsel to help draft the Taft-Hartley Act. He was aided in this project by two “experts” in the field of management-labor relations—Gerald Reilly, now counsel for General Electric, General Motors and the Print ing Industry of America, and Theodore Iserman, counsel for Chrysler Corp. Furthermore, Mr. Morgan revealed, his $7500 fee was paid by the Republican National Committee. (So we add the initials RNC.) i Far be it from us to question the right of a House com mittee to employ counsel when writing difficult legislation. But there’s something very, very smelly about the Morgan Deal, because of the manner in which he was paid. However, the deal has its good points. It enables the public to get a better idea of the birth of T-H. Among its creators in the House were a Republican con gressman, a lawyer paid by the Republican National Com mittee and two industry lawyers. And some people still have the nerve to refer to T-H— or the Taft-Hartley-RNC-Morgan-Reilly-Iserman Act—as a “bill of rights for the working man!” Congratulations, Senator Graham A little man from North Carolina, who has done many big things during his 62 years, has taken on a new public assignment—the job of serving his state (and the nation) in the U. S. Senate. He is Dr. Frank P. Graham, president of the University of North Carolina, appointed by Gov. Kerr Scott to fill the unexpired term of the late Senator J. Melville Broughton. “Dr. Frank,” as he is affectionally called by his students and former students, is well known for his many public ser vices—with the National War Labor Board, the Consumers Board of the National Recovery Administration, the Good Officers Committee of the United Nations, the Cabinet Com mittee on Economic Security, the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies and other agencies. People in the labor movement probably know him best for his work with NWLB and his attempts to strengthen civil rights. In recognition of the latter he was given the Sidney Hillman Foundation Award early this year. When presenting the award, Pres. Jacob Potofsky, of the Clothing Workers, said of Dr. Graham: “He has never asked, ‘Is it safe?’ His only concern has been. ‘Is it right?’” We want to congratulate Senator Graham on his new assignment and commend Gov. Scott for appointing such an outstanding citizen. Education Most trade unionists, like everyone else, take it pretty much for granted that high school training is about the min imum educational requirement these days. Yet the startling fact is that only one fourth of the na tion’s eligible young people are now enrolled in high school. Why is this? The National Education Association, which has long studied the problem, says it has the answer: In many sections of the country adequate schools do not exist. The basic difficulty, the NEA says, is that teachers’ salaries are far too low and more money is urgently needed to raise their salaries and otherwise improve our public schools. Happily, a bill to remedy this situation is now pending in the Senate. The measure, known as the National Aid to Education Bill, would provide $3(10,000,000 in Federal funds a year to help equalize educational opportunities in the states. Our schools are in a desperate plight, and this bill to help them out merits the full support of all trade unionists. Profits Of Railroads Climb The Interstate Commerce Commission has just issued a statement showing a remarkable increase in profits of the railroads. In 1939 the aggregate net income was $94,700,000. In 1918 it was $700 million. The carriers got more than that during a couple of the years of World War II when they were working overtime on government business and handling traffic to and from both coasts. Dividends were increased to $289 million last year. Thus the stockholders didn’t receive more than about two-fifths of the profits, but that wasn’t the fault of the profits. The amazing thing is the decrease in thg number of railroad employes. The enormous business last year was car ried with about 800,000 fewer employes than the carriers had in World War I when traffic was very much Jess. It proves further the constantly increasing output of the work ers. A Sob Story About Profits If you are prepared to weep, turn on the spigot now, for here is a heartbreaking story from tbe editorial columns of the “Wall Street Journal.” That aegis of free enterprise acknowledges corporation profits for 1948 showed an increase of 23 per cent over those of 1947. “Considered by itself,” admits the “W. S. J.,” “the showing is good.” But it wails that the “ratio of gain” is going downhill. It was 47 per cent for 1947 over 1946 and 34 per cent for 1946 over 1945, and now it’s “only” 23 per cent over 1947! Isn’t that terrible! Probably, if a friend dropped a pot of gold in that editor’s lap he’d call the police and have the miscreant arrest ed. Supreme Court Does It Again Monday, March 7th, the Supreme Court trumped its own ace of January 3rd in again declaring that the states may outlaw union security even though federal law does not. They applied this decision not only to the Taft-HaMley Act but to the original Wagner Act. The moral to this decision is that LLPE must fight year in and year out for liberal state legislatures, and that federal lawmakers must see to it that the Taft-Hartley Repeal Bill specifically declares that federal law cannot be undermined by vicious state anti union shop laws. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO i ’’The Ghost Drives" 4 ’-J, i NEWS and VIEWS By ALEXANDER S. LIPSELL (An ILNS Feature) in ij im it irft ii tt nini n ti n n turn ti n n-n-n n n n ti n n n 7 nn ■■«w w This sort of discrimination is not limited to American citizens alone. Professor Harold Laski, famous theoretician of the British MiLabor Party and often a stormy petrel in the ranks of the international labor and socialist movement, has been barred from giving two lectures at the University of California. He is presently visiting the United Bl Workers brought up in the school of democratic trade unionism cannot help but be apprehensive of the hysteria that is spreading throughout the nation. Almost every day brings news of happenings in the political, educational and cultural fields—happenings which, in the name of democracy and the protection of our liberties, come dan gerously close to the Communist method of hounding down everyone who happens not to be in agreement with the present trends of Am erican political thought. Behind that hysteria is the fear of Russian and Communist de signs, and far be it from me to belittle these dangers. The American people and their government are well advised to take the necessary steps to protect their heritage against the plotters from within and without. Eternal vigilance, just as in the past, is the price of liberty today. Conspicuous examples of this hysteria are the exclusion of alleged Communists and fellow travelers from educational institutions of the country. In almost no instance have these men been penalized because of incompetence or open attempts to convert pupils to their particular political philosophy. Rather it is grudgingly conceded that they are valuable teachers and recognized specialists in their scientific fields. Their offense is that of adherence to a political and economic way of life which has little to commend itself and is despised by an over whelming majority of the American people. 4* 4* 4* 4* States on a lecture tour under the auspices of the Sidney Hillman Foundation, created in memory of the late president of the CIO Amal gamated Clothing Workers Union. Harold Laski is not a Communist, but one need not even sym pathize with his political and economic creed to sense danger to our own institutions in academic witch-hunting. This column whole heart edly agrees with Professor Laski that “the business of a university is to educate by conflicts of opinion.” “As a teacher I don’t want to in doctrinate one way or the other. If there is a fear of communism in the universities, then you had better pack off, because you are of the same breed that feared Galileo in the 17th century.” Frank Crosswaith, chairman of the Negro Labor Committee in New York, explains in the New York Times that intelligent Negroes and trade unionists are not taken in by Communist propaganda. He writes: “The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is not controlled by Communists or by their fellow-travelers or dupes on the contrary, it is so intelligently anti-Communist that the Communists are constantly attacking it. “Negroes are joining organized labor in increasing numbers. The two unions with an almost completely Negro membership the United Transport Service Employes (CIO) and the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (AFL), are headed by men well known for their vigorous anti-Communist stand. Negroes are also well represented in other unions. “Despite a great play for the Negro voter during the recent Pres idential campaign, the Wallace camp—in which Communists and their fellow-travelers and dupes player a dominant role—failed completely to attract Negro voters. This was especially noticeable in the South.” NOT VAIN RELIGION By RUTH TAYLOR “If any man among you seem to be religious, bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man’s religion is vain.” Everyone of us who has gone to Sunday School or church, has heard and know that same text from James. We bowed our heads in reverent listening, but did we also bow our hearts in prayer that by these same standards our religion not be counted vain? We may observe all the conventions of our religion, but it will count for naught if we deceive our own hearts. We know what that means—the twisting of facts, the coloring of things to make them ap pear different, the hedging, mental-apologizing, alibiing so that we might evade our own responsibilities, creating mental pictures that do not exist. We know that if we permit prejudice, unreasoning bias, resentment, dislike of our brother-men to drive out fricndlinees and love and a willingness to be of service, we are deceiving our own hearts. Furthermore, we may lead exemplary lives, but if we do not bridle our tongues, our religion is vain. We know what it means to bridle our tongues—not to pass on gossip as fact, not to tell what we think as what we know, not to spread rumors, not to speak un kindly or discourteously. There was a verse, by Edward Rowland Sill, which we had to learn in school, that defined it still further: “The ill-timed truth we might have kept, Who knows how sharp it pierced and'stung? The word we had not sense to say, Who knows how grandly it had rung!” This does not mean we should overlook evil. Not in the least. We have a duty to condemn evil in all places where it exists. We must condemn the evil act—but we must not generalize about evil doers, lumping the innocent with the guilty. We must not confuse the issue.’ We must localize it in order to eradicate it. It doesn’t matter what our neighbor does nor how he lives up to his religion. We have ours, and our religion is a mockery if we do not live up to its teachings. Our duty is plain—and there is no evading it. “If any man among you seem to be religious, bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man’s religion is vain.” WHAT NEXT? Britain’s gaits will be harnessed to generate electricity, if plans of the Electrical and Allied Industries Research Association are car ried out, London dispatches say. On the gusty hilltops of the Orkney Islands, in the north, apparatus has been installed to measure wind velocities. The association hopes to generate electricity equivalent to the output of 3,COO,()D() tons of coal a year. WISDOM Those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must, like men, undergo the fatigues of supporting it.—Thomas Paine. Thursday, April 7, 1949 Norwegian Trade Unionist Reports on Labor Standards In Stalin's Paradise Oslo (LPA)—Last fall eight Norwegian trade unionists acceded an invitation from the Russian government to tour the Soviet union They were wined, and dined, and escorted in great style. But they kept their eyes open. Recently Trend Hegna, chairman of the delegation, has written a series of articles on the trip, and the life of the Soviet workers as the Norwegian unionists saw it. This is a summary of Hegna’s reports. The average factory worker’s wage in the Soviet Union ranges from 850 rubles a month down to 600 rubles, and in some cases less. In other words, 2.5 to three rubles an hour. Comparing this to wage rates in Norway—where living standards have not yet been pulled up to pre-war levels, Hegifa remarks: “A Russian worker must work one hour for a loaf of bread, while a Norwegian worker can manage it in 12 minutes. He must work 10 hours for a kilo (2.2 pounds) of margarine, while a Norwegian worker manages it in 24 minutes. He must work 20 hours for a kilo of butter, while a Norwegian can earn it in 2 hours.” Hegna continues: “There are other factors which must be taken into account. After comparing them all quite theoretically the dele gation came to the conclusion that if the standard of living of the Nor wegian working population is put at 100, that of the Russian workers cannot be put higher than 60, perhaps more correctly at 50 or less. In another article, the Scandinavian union representative com ments upon the relationship between the low living standards in Russia, and the lack of democratic freedoms under the Stalinist regime. “Such a low standard of living,” he points out, “would undoubt edly be impossible with freedom to organize, free elections, and the freedom to strike. “If these rights existed in Russia there would certainly be more strikes there than in countries like France, for human needs are not very different and the inadequacy of wages in relation io prices is still greater in the Soviet Union than in western Europe. Such a movement from below can only be kept in check by a strong state authority which, day by day, in large and small matters, demonstrates its powers, and which intervenes quickly, ruthlessly and effectively against the least attempt at action of any sort.” While Hegna declines to guess what the policy of the Soviet gov ernment really is towards war or peace, he does state that the Russian people want peace. Of the citizens of war-racked Stalingrad he re marks: “They desire peace to rebuild their city. They’ve had enough of war.” Before Hegna and his colleagues went to Russia the Communist press in Norway, as in the Soviet Union itself, urged them to makd the trip. Now that the delegation’s official jeport has been released, and Hegna!s articles have been published in the Norwegian papers, they are targets for bitter Communist attacks. Washington Labor Rep THE COALITION IN ACTION By BRADFORD V. CARTER Several weeks ago, when the filibuster rule—and with it hope for the enactment of any substantial part of the President’s civil rights program—was defeated by the Republican-Dixiecrat coalition in the Senate, we all asked: “How far will this coalition go? Will it function in the House too? What’ll it do about Taft-Hartley? And the Mar shall plan?” We got the answers to all these questions last week. When the pro-labor majority of the House Labor Committee went to the powerful Rules Committee, asking for quick action to repeal Taft-Hartley, it was rudely rebuffed. With contract negotiating time rolling around and with workers the country over fed up with the slowness of Congress to act on the voters’ mandate to erase Taft Hartley from the statute books, the pro-labor men asked for a rule which would force an early show down on the House floor. But the Rules Committee, consisting of four pro-union Democrats, four Dixiecrats, and four Republicans has other ideas. With a 10-day Easter recess pending in the House, the Rules Committee’s power to delay Taft-Hartley action 21 days can mean a full month’s delay. So the anti-union majority spent a full week debating not the rule, but the merits of the repealer. Meanwhile, the Taft-Hartleyites are polling the House member-^ ship to determine what sort of rule will make passage of the labor supported bill least likely. That will be the rule the Committee will grant. While this tactic was being worked out, over in the House offices, the head hunters in the Senate were planning to scalp the Marshall plan for European recovery. They’ve already decided to put on the sort of show in the Senate when the North Atlantic Defense Pact* comes up which will make every good democrat in Europe wonder ii the pact means a damn thing. Sen. Richard Russell (D, Ga.) the Dixiecrat’s candidate against President Truman in the Democratic convention last year, has teamed up with veteran isolationist Sen. Robert A. Taft (R, Ohio) and Sen. Kenneth Wherry (R, Nebr.), the architect of the civil rights filibuster, to trim Marshall plan grants. Net-result of this would be to make it almost impossible for some of the democratic Marshall plan partici pants in Europe to meet recovery goals of the year. They may not get their way on this one. Two conservative pro Marshall planners, Sen. Tom Connally (D, Tex.) and Sen. Arthur Vandenburg (R, Mich.) will fight them on it. However, altho the Mar shall plan authorization bill may get thru relatively unscathed, the wreckers are sure to get some concessions later this session when the actual appropriations are voted. Out of all this one lesson emerges clearly for our side: We must keep plugging away on labor’s southern organizing drives. More local unions in the south can give us a bridgehead in what’s now enemy territory. Like the Republicans, we’ve got to have a strong southern wing, if labor is to be a national political force. Union Consciousness Is Growing The growth of union-consciousness among the rank and file of union members is one of labor’s great gains in recent years. Never before in labor’s history have the rank and file of union members been so loyal to their union as they are today, and this is so because they have learned to believe in their union. Workers are union-conscious when they have learned to identify their own security with the security of the union of which they are a part. Union-conscious workers are always ready unselfishly to fight for their union’s protection since they know that anything which in jures or weakens their union means a loss of protection for them as individuals. Union-conscious workers have ceased to be individualists in the traditional sense. They have reached a stage in intellectual develop? ment where they are capable of realizing that trying to improve the! economic status and their working and living conditions through in* dividual effort is like trying to raise themselves by their boot-straps. It can’t be done! The big employers, the owners of industry, are organized today, and this calls for the organization of the workers in order to main tain a balanced relationship between employers and employees. The chances of the workers individually to drive an advantageous bargain with their employers are nothing short of hopeless, and it is the recog nition of this fact which makes the workers union conscious. Union conscious workers recognize in their union the only instrument by means of which they may hope to protect their rights, advance their interests, and raise themselves to a higher economic, social and intel lectual standard. They will remain loyal to their union even if it should prove remiss in their duties, for they recognize in their union a democratic institution capable of correcting all its shortcomings by a more thorough schooling of the members in the principle of unionism and democracy. Obnoxious Taxes This paper believes that it is high time a number of excise taxes on “luxuries” should be eliminated this year or at least sharply re duced. This applies particularly to the tax on telegrams—a whopping 25 percent—on telephone service, railroad and other transportation fares and electric light bulbs. Certainly none of these can be classed as luxuries and there is no longer any excuse for taxing them as such. With respect to imposing a “luxury” tax on telegrams, the Com mercial Telegraphers’ Journal hits the nail on the head when it re marks that “there is no one on Capitol Hill who will endeavor to claim that, for example, a telegram announcing a death and funeral is a ‘luxury.’ Nor tnat an order for the manufacture of a product, which will put workmen on the payroll, increase railroad and truck revenues, and help relieve a shortage, should be regarded as a luxury.” The excise taxes are a drag on essential businesses, discouraging sales and tending to keep down employment. They are especially harm ful and obnoxious in times of lessening industrial and business activity, as at present. Congress would serve the public interest by promptly ending them.