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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, April 07, 1949, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-04-07/ed-1/seq-6/

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Typos Cite Proof That New
Dailies Can
Indianapolis, Ind. (LPA) “It
has been proven—a new daily
newspaper can be established.”
With these words as his keynote,
Vice President Elmer Brown of
the Int’l Typographical Union
AFL told an unusual story of how
the Typos, in alliance with local
citizens’ groups, have succeeded in
putting over sound daily news
papers in competition with local
monopoly-owned naoers.
Brown detailed the story in the
Typographical Journal. He cited
Trenton, N. J., as one example of
Ihis thesis that a labor-backed, daily
can succeed.
Example No. 2 is Colorado
Springs, Colo. There, the printers
were locked out over two years ago
on the Gazette-Telegraph owned
by R. C. Hoiles, reactionary chain
publisher, who runs a string of
papers in western towns, most of
them “open shop.” The Gazette
Telegraph had been the only daily
in Colorado Springs.
Immediately after the lockout,
sentiment for establishment of a
.rival daily rose swiftly. The result
was establishment of the “Free
Press,” with aid from the ITU’s
Unitypo Corporation. Here too,
the new daily proved a success de
spite many obstacles and it has
just marked its second anniversary.
In an editoiral on its second
'birthday, the Free Press declared:
s-" “The Free Press is .two years
old this morning, and we are
mighty proud of that fact. When
the Free Press hit the streets, we
You Can See the Cream
Milk Bottles
Used Exclusively By
Golden Star
Phone 3200
Be Started
Printers on the town’s
paper, the Trenton Times, were
forced out on strike three
ago. They turned out a strike paper
to begin with—a sort of handbill
to acquaint citizens with the issues
at stake. Demands for a new daily
began to mount.
“Responding to the demands,
citizens who were fed up with the
.anti-union newspaper monopoly in
iTrenton got behind efforts to estab
lish a competing daily,” Brown
Isaid. “Thus, the daily Trentonian
’’’began publication in competition
«with the struck Times.”
The paper caught on and became
'ja going proposition—so much so
that an Eastern publisher, Edward
Goodrich, formerly with the New
York Post and other papers, offer
,ed to buy it. The sale was com
pleted last month, and Unitypo, a
corporation owned by the ITU, dis
-posed of its financial interest in
the Trentonian to Goodrich, who is
operating it on a thoroughly union
weren’t too sure of the reception
it would receive and we didn’t know
how long it would be published.
“Two years of successful oper
ation, however, have definitely
proved that residents of the region
want and need such a paper as the
Free Press. In two years we have
advanced from street sales the first
week to a list of subscribers that
is truly representative of the
“And the nice part of the picture
is .that we have just started to
grow—every day more people join
our readers—and that has made us
Colorado’s Fastest Growing News
Now the Typos, in cooperation
with local groups, are embarking
on a third such venture in James
town, N. Y., where the ITU has
been on strike at the Post Journal
since December 1947.
As Vice President Brown put it:
“The next rat publisher to feel the
force of competition and a break
up of his monopoly will be the anti
union publisher in Jamestown.” On
May 1, the first issue of the James
town Sun will start rolling from
the presses in a plant established
in a remodelled Jamestown build
ing, with fully modern composing
and press room .equipment.
There may be more such dailies
to come, Brown intimated. “Now
that it has been demonstrated” he
said, “that a newspaper monopoly
can and will be broken, we expect
to hear from other struck cities
where local citizens will make
available capital to publish decent
and fair newspapers under agree
ments with the Typographical
Canada also has an example of
the new trend. Up in Winnipeg,
where the Typos have long been on
strike against a local daily of the
Southam chain, the Citizen was
established some time ago as a
morning daily.
This was done by a cooperative
publishing company, in which many
co-ops, unions, and other groups
and individuals invested. The
Typos in this case extended a
limited amount of aid.
This development is in marked
contrast with the old days when
the Typos in some instances estab
lished competing dailies in strike
bound cities, but folded these dail
ies after the strikes were .settled or
ended. Now these dailies appear to
be here to stay.
That means, union leaders said,
that two objectives are being ac
complished: (1) local newspaper
monopolies are being cracked, and
(2) strong weapons are being forg
ed against anti-union publishers.
Segregation Endo in Air Forces
Washington (LPA)—Racial seg
regation is being ended in the Air
Force, Secretary W. Stuart Sym
ington told the President’s Com
mittee on Equality of Treatment
A Opportunity in the Armed Ser
vices nt a clos«*d session here last
week. Symington informed the
committee that USAF’s all-Negro
332nd Fighter Group would be
broken up and its personnel scat
tered thruout the service.
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ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
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Phono Main 10
Happenings That Affect the Dinner
Pails, Dividend Checks and Tax
Bills of Every Individual
National and International Pro
blems Inseparable from Local
The recent shifts of key men
within the Soviet government have
stirred up an apparently endless
discussion as to whether this may
be the prelude to some dramatic
new tangent in Kremlin policy. The
iron curtain is so opaque that no
one can answer that with certitude
at this distance. However, the ex
perts, after mulling over all the
available facts and guesses, have
generally come to the conclusion
that the changes stem from per
fectly logical reasons, which have
a relatively small influence on the
relations of Russia with the West.
The most important change was
the supplementing of Molotov with
Vishinsky as Foreign Minister. The
easy conclusion was that Molotov
was in disgrace, and would disap
pear from public life, as Litvinoff
did years ago. But Molotov remains
a member of the Politburo, which
is infinitely more important than
any cabinet post. So it can logical
ly be argued that Stalin decided
he could be of more value if kept
at home. It wouldn’t surprise the
experts if he was made Premier
before long.
The key to the wtfole business
may be found in conditions within
the Soviet Union and her satellite
states. Things aren’t going as well
as the Communists want. The dif
ficulties with Tito have provided
the most publicized example of
this. But what is happening in
Yugoslavia is also happening,
though in a different way and on a
smaller scale, in Hungary, Bul
garia and elsewhere. The Soviet
dominated governments are exper
iencing special trouble in bringing
the peasants into line.
Furthermore, it looks as if the
Kremlin is fnr from satisfied with
its own people’s ideological fervor.
U. S. News puts it thi's way: “The
old idea was that the elite of the
Communist Party, which has only
6,000,000 members in a country of
about 210,000,000 people, would
have faith in Communist ideology
and execute the orders. Now the
Politburo has ordered a tremendous
campaign of missionary work that
is designed to sell the idea of com
plete faith in the eventual triumph
of Communism to the whole of the
Russian people. That campaign is
not the kind of thing that can be
put across overnight.”
What effect may all this have on
the great issue of peace or war?
It is clear, if these opinions are
correct, that Russia is planning on
a lengthy period of peace. At pres
ent, the lines in Europe seem to be
pretty well established. Russia has
expanded about as far as she can
go. There is small chance of the
Wes| making any headway in
breaking the orbit of countries
which surround Russia and whose
governments she dominates. So, to
Stalin and other top men, this may
appear to be the proper time for
correcting grave internal weak
Building Unions Accept Negroes
Washington (LPA)—Underman
ned building trade unions have
been accepting Negro workers to
a greater degree than ever before,
Samuel B. Danley, of the Labor
Dep’ts Division of Labor Stand
ards, said here last week. He re
ported that Negroes have made
great advances in gaining mem
bership in unions located in New
York, Chicago, Philadelphia, and
New Orleans. He predicted that job
opportunities for skilled Negro
workers would increase in the ma
chine, printing and radio industries
in the years ahead.
Demand the Union Label.
UNION HEADQUARTERS—HOLLYWOOD STYLE—The classy building in the picture will be the
new headquarters fdr Locals 12, 63 and 526 of Int’l Union of Operating Engineers-AFL in Los Angeles.
Union officers view the groundbreaking ceremonies where Int’l Rep. J. C. Fitzgerald was interviewed by
William Kenneally (right), special events announcer for radio station KFMV, Hollywood. Fitzgerald has
distributed official cards to sidewalk superintendents who want to watch construction work on the building.
Keep Political
Leagues Active,
Is Meeting Topic
The Ohio State Federation
Labor’s Educational and Political
League Advisory Committee held
its first post-election meeting in
Columbus Sunday, and charted its
course for the coming months.
Important objectives are:
1—Stimulate local political lea
gue in registration and voting
2—Lay the groundwork for the
defeat of U. S. Senator Robert A.
3—Secure labor law improve
ments through the Ohio Legisla
4—Help in the national effort to
repeal the Taft-Hartley Law.
Principal speaker was Phil Han
nah, OSFL secretary-treasurer and
legislative agent of the state or
ganization. Hannah reported that
progress is good for labor legisla
tion in the present session.
Hannah called attention to the
two Ohio bills in which labor is
particularly interested: The House
bill on workmen’s compensation
and the Senate bill on unemploy
ment compensation.
House Bill 531 would provide a
maximum of $30 weekly payments
and liberal compensation in silico
sis cases. Senate Bill 142 calls for
a maximum of $30 weekly benefits
for workmen with two dependents.
On the national level, Hannah
predicted the “fangs will be cut
from the Taft-Hartley Law,” and
that a great percentage of Pres
ident Truman’s, program will be
Hannah contended that Taft is
a dangerous man for free labor.
He added:
“The whole nation is looking to
Ohio to defeat Taft in 1950.”
He said employers all over the
nation will kick in to a war chest
for Tn ft, and therefore labor must
build now its financial strength for
his defeat.
Michael J. Lyden, of Youngs
town, president of the Ohio State
Federation of Labor, said there is
growing sentiment for Hannah’s
candidacy for U. S. senator in
Sunday’s meeting was attended
by presidents and secretaries jf the
44 city central labor bodies (AFL)
and of the state craft organiza
Other speakers included Jack
Bums, President of the Cleveland
Federation of Labor John Breid
enbach, 2nd Vice President of the
Ohio State Federation of Labor
James Walsh, of the Union Labor
Trades Department, Washington
John J. Hurst, President, Cincin
nati Central Labor Council Otto
Brach, Secretary, Toledo Central
Labor Union Louis Bengel, Secre
tary of the Ohio State Conference
of Street & Electric Railway Em
ployees James Joyce, member of
the General Assembly and John W.
Jockel, State Secretary of
of a
TWUA Leader Sees Dixiecrat
Chester, Pa. (LPA)—Signs
rift between Dixiecrat and Repub
lican forces are becoming increas
ingly apparent, John Edelman,
TWUA legislative representative,
told delegates to the union’s reg
ional legislative conference here
last week. Dixiecrat leaders are
beginning to see the coalition as a
potential “boomerang”, while Re
publicans are finding that it “has
its disadvantages.” Edelman said
the coming fight on Taft-Hartley
repeal may show a substantial
weakening of the coalition*
New Castle, Pa. Robert E.
Bryson, 72, died at his home, 310
Knox street March 19, following a
lengthy illness.
Mr. Bryson was bom in New
Castle and lived there all his life.
He was a kiln placer by trade and
affiliated with Local Union 108,
National Brotherhood of Operative
Potters and St. Mary’s Church.
He leaves his wife and two
daughters, Mrs. Michael Lintz and
Mrs. Harry Barr of Bedford, Ohio,
and seven grandchildren.
Trenton, N. J.—Aaron T. Potts,
91, of 2358 Hamilton Avenue, hus
band of the late Lilie Stryker
Potts, died March 18 after a long
Mr. Potts was employed by the
Trenton Potteries Company for
many years and was active in
union affairs. He was a member of
Lqeal Union No. 45, National Bro
therhood of Operative Potters,
Knights of Pythias, Exempt Fire
men’s Association and was the last
chief of the Liberty Fire Company.
Survivors include two daughters,
Mrs. Charles Kriger and Mrs.
Dasie Lewis of Trenton two sons,
Alonzo M. of Wilmington ami
Harry L. of New York City, and
four grandchildren. ..
Charles Huston Meeks, 86 Grant
St., Newell, died April 5 in City
Hospital, following a several years’
Mr. Meeks was born in Waver
ly, W. Va., and lived in this dis*
trict for 35 years. He was a sag
germaker and was employed last,
by the New Castle Refractories
Co. in Newell. He retired in 1942.
He was a member of the Eagles
Lodge and the National Brother
hood of Operative Potters.
Mr. Meeks leaves his widow,
Mrs. Mary Meeks a son, Charles
Meeks of Niles three daughters,
Mrs. Ruth Gorby of Wellsville,
Mrs. Hilda Harris of East Liver
pool, and Mrs. Helen Wagner of
Columbus four sisters, Mrs. Grace
McAtee and Mrs. Sue Umstock of
Waverly, Mrs. Lorraine Gray of
Huntington, W. Va., and Mrs.
Nellie Chougaris of New York
five brothers, Carl Meeks of
Newell, Howard Meeks and Clifford
Meeks of Waverly, and Royal
Meeks and Raymond Meeks of New
York, and seven grandchildren.
Rites were held in the Arner
Home for Funerals in East Liver
pool by Rev. C. L. Cope, pastor of
the Pennsylvania Ave. Methodist
Church. Burial was in Locust Hill
No Loyalty Oaths In Britain
London (LPA)—There’ll be
loyalty oath problem in Britain.
Prime Minister Clement R. Attlee
last week rejected a suggestion by
Conservatives that loyalty oaths
be required of all civil servants.
Pointing out that such oaths do not
protect the nation, Attlee told the
House of Commons that “I should
not have thought myself that a
person who was preparing to en
gage in treason would boggle at an
oath or two.”
Phone Workers Hit
Bell Stalling With
“Quickie” Strikes
Seattle (LPA) A series of
quickie demonstration walkouts
throughout Washington and Idaho
this week and last, brought into
sharp focus the wage dispute be
tween phone workers represented
by the Communications Workers
of America, who are employed by
the Pacific Tel. & Tel. in the nrea.
The wage dispute involves 8,000
workers, only remaining group of
Bell employes who have not yet
received a third-round pay boost.
The union has demanded an aver
age increase of 11c an hour. The
company offer averages only about
5c and in a few cases involved pay
cuts for workers in some towns.
First of a series of walkouts
came in Spokane last week where
1,000 phone workers took part in a
four-hour demonstration meeting,
tying up the town’s phone service
one morning. The second walkout
occurred in Yakima two days later.
It involved 200 workers. Workers
Voted ^overwhelmingly to strike
during these demonstration meet
The union has filed unfair labor
practice charges against the Bell
company following a wave of in
timidation and coercion which
arose after the walkout.
The company laid off 23 workers
in Takoma Tuesday following a
tiemonstration meeting of the 800
CWA members in the town. The
union is expanding its unfair labor
practice charge to cover the
Takoma layoff situation.
Meanwhile, the company is
spending time in bargaining ses
sions trying to fix the “blame” for
the series of walkouts rather than
make an acceptable pay boost offer.
The union says the company offer,
to be acceptable, must include an
average pay hike of 11c an hour.
Hosiery Companies
Trying To Wreck
Arbitration Plan
Philadelphia (LPA)—Two hos
iery companies in the Philadelphia
area last week launched court
fights to overturn the long-develop
ed system of arbitration in the in
dustry, which the American Fed
eration of Hosiery Workers has
supported as a means of elimina
ting industrial conflicts.
Both companies the Danita
Hosiery Manufacturing Co. and the
Millville Hosiery Co.—have con
tracts with AFHW which rule out
the third working shift. In violation
of their contracts .the two compan
ies instituted third shifts. When
the AFHW appealed the contract
violations to the impartial arbitra
tor, as provided in the contracts, it
won both cases.
Now the employers are asking
the courts to sustain their contract
violations^ and to overturn the
arbitration machinery, whose de
cisions they had promised to abide
“It is of great importance that
the public at large be made fully
aware of the danger to peaceful
labor relations created by those
firms who refused to put into effect
a decision handed down by the im
partial arbitrator under the con
tract,” AFHW President Alexander
McKeown pointed out.
“The action,” he explained, "is
a threat to a labor relations pro
cedure which in the 20 years of its
existence in the hosiery industry
has not produced a single authoriz
ed stoppage of the 30,000 members
over the country protected by this
contract clause
Real Estate Lobby
Defeated-T ruman
Washington (LPA) —The 1949
rent control law “establishes an ef
fective system of rent control ad
ministration,” President Truman
stated on signing the measure last
week, by “remedying weaknesses
in the present law which tend to
make rent control ineffective be
cause of inadequate enforcement
“In its final form,” said the Pre
sident, “it represents a crushing
defeat for the real estate lobby.”
By passing the bill, “Congress
has re-emphasized the necessity
for the prompt enactment of legis
lation which will help to relieve
the housing shortage,” according
to the Chief Executive.
Are you an expert on molds, modeling, blocking
and casing and patterns, and are you capable of di
recting and training personnel? We require such a
man to reorganize our mold department and pro
duce molds of best quality for use in dinnerware
and some artwafre production. Include full personal
history and detailed experience record in first letter
to Box 752, Potters Herald.
Washington (LPA) Proof of4» J,
labor’s charge that organized em
ployer’s major interest in unem
ployment insurance is to “toughen
up” requirements was seen at a
one-day conference held here last
week by the US Chamber of Com
First speaker before several
hundred industrialists who gather
ed here was John Edelman, Wash
ington representative of the Textile
Workers Union of America, who
cheerfully agreed that he’d been
set up as the “whipping boy” and
who predicted that the conference
would center on the “toughening
up” of the unemployment insurance
He termed industrial manage
ment’s view on-jobless benefits one
of “'seeing to it that fewer people
get benefits in lesser amounts for
shorter duration.”
“Will it take another equivalent
of an economic atomic bomb,” Edel
man asked, “to awaken the employ
er groups in this country to the
fact that our free enterprise sys
tem will not and cannot survive
unless we speedily and courageous
ly enact and honestly apply a com
prehensive federal social security
system which fulfills in fact the
promise that the name implies.”
Mr. Edelman explained to the
industrialists that labor’s primary
goal is td obtain a uniform nation
wide federal system of jobless
benefits, though meanwhile it is
concentrating on getting increased
coverage and benefits and fairer
qualification requirements under
the present federal-state system.
Edelman was followed by the
leading proponents of states-rights
in this field, and a spokesman for
General Motors Corp, who argued
that because Congress “seems re
luctant” to approve a 75c minimum
wage state legislatures certainly
shouldn’t be approving jobless
benefits of $30 a week.
Said Director George Jacoby of
GM’s Personnel Dep’t, “Employers
favor reasonable benefit scales and
reasonable duration. But employ
ers do insist that benefit scales
should be so drawn in relation to
Thursday, April 7, 1949
Map Fight To Stop Truman's
Jobless Benefits Program
wages earned that the incentive to
work is not destroyed.”
Most fiery speech of the confer
ence was delivered by Stanley Rec
tor, who was paid $20,000 last year
to lobby against any effective fed
eral standards covering the state
unemployment compensation sys
tems. His outfit is known as Un
employment Benefit Advisors Inc.
“The high hopes entertained by
federal strategists on the rosy
dawn of Nov. 3,” Rector asserted,
led them to think “the time had
finally arrived for federalizing the
program thru a direct frontal as
sault. However, that clear, rosy
post-election sky has become sub
stantially clouded.”
Rector discarded all of the Ad
ministration’s proposals for in
creasing coverage and benefits
under the present program as un
important. He concentrated his fire
on two proposals—one which he
said would wipe out the merit rat
ing provisions under which employ
ers with “good” records of having
few .of their employes apply for
jobless benefits, and the other the
proposal that state-by-state stan
dards for granting or rejecting
claims be subject to some form of
federal control.
“This legislation,” Rector .told
the businessmen, “is going to be
hard to beat.” He added that “to
bring about this awareness is an
educational project oft the first'
magnitude, and I am indeed glad'w
that the Chamber of Commerce of
the US, with its very extensive
educational facilities, has enlisted
itself in the project.”
Union Reprimands Congress laxity
New York (LPA)—Expressing
fear that Congress seems to be
“overlooking last November’s elec
tion returns” representatives of
32,000 Textile Workers demanded
immediate repeal of T-H and pass
age of $l-an-hour minimum wage.
In a resolution passed at TWUA’s
carpet and rug conference, dele
gates called on liberals to “ignore
Old Guard obstructionism and ful
fill the mandate from the voters.”
5 Days Commencing Friday
"WILD CALENDAR" by Ubbie Block Directed by
1032 Pennsylvania Avenue
with CURT 8015 ART SMITH NATALIE SCHAEFER Screen Hay Arthur Laurents From the noval
PfWfesH by
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NEWS of the DAY

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