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K &■* Operativei St a Vafter$ Herald OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATTVB POTTUM i i and ^tsKAST LIVERPOOL TRADES ft LABOR COUNCIL Pubiiahea every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owninc and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State. fetervd «t Post Office, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902, eecond-clees matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1102. Act of October IS. 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST.. BELL PHONE 875 HARRY L. mr.T- .------------ iMitnr and Business Mananer One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada.——————82.00 Praridnt Jam* M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, fcuit Liverpool, Ctte Flrat Vico Preaidant.—E. L. Wheatley. Boom 215. Brood Stroat, National Book Bond ing. Trenton 8. Now Jersey ... Second Vice President Frank Hull, 5111 Pacific Blvd.. Huntington Park. CaHL TMrd Vice President——_______ Janies Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Livanxxl, OMo Fourth Vice President Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue. Trenton 8. New Jersey Sixth Vice President. George Turner, 1 W. Drury Lane, East Liverpool, OMo Seventh Pice President T. J. Desm 1. 625 E. Lincoln Way Minerva, Ohio Kghth Vico President—— Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street. Newell, W- Va. Secretary-Treasurer——»———Chas. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ BERT CLARK. DAVID BEA VAN, CELAA JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE M*uuf*etniwi_.___2_________ ROBERT DIETZ. Sr., W. A-. BETZ, RA Y BROOKES —JAMES SLAVEN. OSCAR SWAN. ROSE STEWART ■, Let's Do Some Thinking "For a nation enjoying the highest living and employ ment standards in the world we sure have a bad case of jitters. Everybody cries wolf those who know the least and have no cause for complaint yelp the loudest. With estimates, ranging as high as 4,000,000 jobless and perhaps twice that many part-time workers, we have no desire to minimize the difficulties. But that does not mean that Americans should imagine themselves headed straight for the abyss. To sell America short has proven mighty un profitable in the past. It will do so again. Nevertheless, it would be folly to ignore the warning signs that fly from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts. In practically all mass consumer goods production has far out stripped the demand. Declining earnings are cutting into sales. Management offers nothing but cutbacks and a miser ly attitude which has nothing in common with the vision that made America great. Investors are fearful of putting money into new enterprise and ideas. What is the answer? We are of the opinion that a gov ernment financed and supported extensive housing program, construction of a new national network of four-lane high ways, repair and improvement of the older roads, and other public works should go far toward alleviating the nation’s economic ills. These expenditures are productive and of benefit to all. Most of them will pay for themselves in the long run. These measures must be accompanied by a merci less pruning of our bureaucratic trees, reduction of working hours in industry and trade, and perhaps an earlier retire ment age similar to that prevailing in Sweden.. Is such a program really too much or must America continue to slosh its way through the mire of depression and insecurity for which there is no economic and moral justi fication? It is time the American people did a little thinking for themselves. Ohio's Shame Recently a group of union officials, most of them ex perienced building trades mechanics, went on a conducted tour through the State Schools for the Blind and Deaf. Their tour did nothing to increase their admiration for the way in which Ohio has accepted its responsibility to its handicapped. The main buildings at these two schools were built shortly after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox. They look it. The men who insjiected the schools testified that under no circumstances could they be repaired or modern ised so as to secure even the minimum safety standards. It would cost almost $7,000,009 to build new schools. Over $5,000,000 of this has already been set aside for just this purpose. Land has already been purchased and stands idle. The total cost for about 500 handicapped kids would amount to just about the same as is now being spent to re condition The White House. Remember the Ohio Penitentiary fire? Recall the nine young men who lost their lives in the recent conflagration at Kenyon College? Do you also remember that a completely modern business block on Shaker Square was levelled by fire just a few weeks back? Is it right that we should place in jeopardy the lives of these youngsters who need our help so badly and who must depend upon others to give them at least a fighting chance to lie self-supporting in their adult lives? The State of Illinois has just experienced a horrible tragedy in a hospital that was old and unsafe. Are we to pinch pennies in Ohio and doom these boys and girls to the same death in an antiquated fire trap that should have been junked years ago? And if you think the case does not deserve special at tention, picture, if you can, trying to lead 200 blind children out of a burning building. Picture the problem of warning 350 deaf pupils. Here is another case where human welfare must take precedence over dollars. Let’s not wait until it is too late. Disgraceful Performance Early this year Congress clipped the wings of the House Rules Committee by preventing it from permanently bottl ing up legislative measures. The wisdom of this move was exemplified when the Committee held hearings on the Thomas-Lesinski Bill to repeal the Taft-Hartley Act. The hearings were a disgrace ful exhibition of demagoguery. The Rules Committee was set up originally to serve as a Hearing house—a group which would determine when and h\\ a bill would reach the floor after it had been approved by the appropriate committee. In other words, the Committee was supposed to serve as a traffic cop. But the present Committee got the idea that it should hold hearing* all over again on a bill which was properly cleaned by the House Labor Committee. A Dixiegop coalition took control of the committee away from its chairman, venerable Rep. Adolph Sabbath (D., 111.), insulted him, the witnesses and the nation. Washington newsmen, who have learned to view gov erfiTiH ntal rnonkt y shines with unruffled calm, declared the healings were among the noisiest, crudest they had ever witnessed. And the Committee made it deal' it had no intention of jBUeedmg UP action on T-H, on which speedy action is needed. GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE _________ M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL MAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN. ERNEST TORRENCE So Far, So Good The House finally has passed* & bill which will put a stop to the protection of butter at public expense. This bill, adopted by a vote of 287 to 89, abolishes all federal taxes on oleomargarine. In one form or another this punitive tax has survived for 63 years. It died hard, but so far as the House is concerned it is dead now. Prior to passage, the House bill also was stripped of a provision which would have prevented the interstate ship ment of colored margarine. The effect of this provision, which was cooked up by the Agriculture Committee, would have been greatly to curtail the availability of the colored product, and might well have been more punitive than the 10-cents-a-pound tax. The bill now goes to the Senate. A similar measure in the preceding Congress was lost in the Senate in the last minute rush. There .will be no excuse for that this time. The Senate has opportunity to act, and it ought to pass this measure. If this is done, there will remain in effect, of course, various state restraints on margarine production and sale. But the Federal Government at least will have washed' its hands of a business that is as unprincipled as it is unfair to the consumer. Public Service And Pay City government and city officials must earn public re spect and public recognition. Too many competent elected officials fail to run for re-election because the voters do not give them the support able public representatives must have. Appointive employes frequently leave municipal govern ment because their salaries are low, other working condi tions unsatisfactory, and because private employment leads to greater prestige. If the public wants good public servants it must assume some responsibility for maintaining high standards in the public service, by demanding such stand ards, and by recognizing them when they occur. Municipal officials and employes should receive ade quate compensation so that municipal employment will offer the same opportunities for advancement as private employ ment. The pay of municipal employes in the higher salary brackets should be comparable to that in private employ ment. This principle should apply to administrative, profes sional and technical employes in the higher salary brackets as well as to all other classes. Shh! It's A Great Secret We are going to let you in on a secret. It must be a secret, because we haveh’t seen anything about it in the public prints. Here it is: many food prices have gone up in the last few days and weeks others are set to go up. That, of course, is not front-page news. It is only news when some body, or some government bureau, comes up with a yarn that living costs have gone down, down, down I It is like this: They had some snow and frost in Cali fornia. A certain percentage of the citrus crop was dam aged. So, the price of canned fruit juices is slated for a nice big hike in your favorite store. Even the canners who do not use a pound of California citrus fruits are going to boost, too. Perhaps a hundred steers froze to death in the big storm this winter, so the price of good meat is going up. It jumped last week. It’s going to jump again, and again, say the wise ones. New record prices are predicted. This is a big secret, so please keep it quiet, will you 1 f'' Increased Buying Power Vital 1 The nation is now experiencing the normal downturn in prices or “disinflation” which takes place in a free econ omy as production catches up and surpasses demand. It is a difficult process for everyone. Employers must cut costs and lower prices to meet competition workers are temporarily laid off. It is also a time of danger, when sharp prices drops many occur, disrupting business. A gradual and orderly decline in high prices is greatly needed to increase buying jxiwer of workers and other con sumers and bring them back into the market as active buy ers. As yet the decline in wholesale prices has not been fully passed on to consumers. Declines in living costs are in gen eral small and spotty, occuring chiefly in foods, occasionally in clothes and house furnishings. However, the danger of inflation seems to lie gradually lessening. As Business Week puts it: “If inflation comes again in 1919, government spending alone will cause it.” The need at present is rather to make up the serious lag in workers’ buying bower so that business can reach a normal peacetime balance without sliding off into a recession. Steel Of all the lobbying activities now being carried on one of the most reprehensible, it seems to us, is the campaign of “big steel’’ to persuade Congress that it is doing a top-notch job in increasing steel production and that thefe is no dang er of a shortage. Yet the facts of the matter are quite different. It has been shown that while all manufacturing industries expand ed 56 per cent during the past 10 years, the steel industry expanded only three per1 cent and while industry expects to expand 13 per cent in the next five years, the steel industry expects to expand only three per cent. Why should trade unionists be concerned about this? There is one very good reason: Economists are emphatic in saying that unless our steel production is increased to 100, 000,000 tons a year by 1950, our economy will be unable to maintain full employment and full production. In other words, more steel must be produced if we are to have jobs for all. Real Estate Lobby Branches Out Herbert U. Nelson, Executive Vice-President of the Na tional Association of Ileal Estate Boards, speaking in Madi son, Wisconsin, attacked the Federally financed school lunch program. He declared that the school lunch program pro viding free warm meals for school children was some sort of a plot to regiment the children. Wonder if he is against fire drills? This illustrates that labor’s fight for better conditions is all of one piece. The spokesman for the fifty per cent in crease in rents for everylxdy also favors hungry children at school. Perhaps with a fifty per cent increase in rent, Mr. Nelson might succeed in having the children hungry morn ing AND noon. Guarantee Of Quality Quality merchandise has its origins in a union shop. Quality services, by the same token are provided by union enterprises—that is, by firms which have been organized and which employ workers under union conditions. The in telligent consumer wants quality merchandise and quality services, but he has no assurance that he is getting them unless the commodities bear the union label and the services are performed by those who wear union service buttons or where the union, shop card is on view. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO IgJB ImU ... .. •’*1' "Remember? MM $$ Back in 1859 a French scientist’s experiments laid the ground work for what was to become the perfect butter substitute, olemar garine. Since then the dairy interests have been fighting margarine tooth and nail. Every conceivable means has been used to stop or at least retard progress—from outright prohibition to consumers taxes, burdensome restrictions and last-minute attempts to outlaw the sale ^yellow margarine. *•. Recently the House of Representatives approved, by 287 to 89, a measure repealing federal taxes and restrictions on margarine and establishing, to some extent, a balance of equality and rights between thf two competitive agricultural products. But the war is by no means won. The Senate, as ILNS dispatches pointed out, may prove a serious obstacle to final passage of repeal 26 Senators are said to be pledged to a bill restoring the ban on inter state transportation of precolored margarine. There is also the pos sibility of a filibuster. The dairy lobby—which by the way also opposes the elimination of unfair wage-hour exemptions—is doing its utmost to keep the Senate from voting favorably on the House bill. As it is, the Senate legislation calendar is far behind schedule. 145 million consumers need be on the alert if they do not want to see another victory slip through their fingers. 4»' On the day that Mayor William O’Dwyer of New York hailed Israel as an “infant republic, sturdy on its feet, taking its manly place among nations ... its standing assured with the blessings of the world,” the New York Times published the report of a traveler just returned from the Near East, which speaks volumes on conditions in that particular trouble spot. 1 The writer, Mary Garvin, vividly depicts the suffering of 700,000 Arab refugees, many of whom are “shivering and starving in their camps, without home, compensation or hope.” “Peace will not return to that unhappy area until Israel redeems her promises,” she writes. She also accuses Israel of having scorned “her pledged obligations to the United Nations,” adding that “the United States has a very real strategic interest in the security of the area, and a deep political in terest in the goodwill of the 300 million Mohammedans who separate western powers from Russia in Asia.” Meanwhile efforts are under way to alleviate the plight of the Arab refugees. The Quakers report caring for about 200,000 in south ern Palestine, “almost one-half of them children.” A British relief organization led by Victor Gollancz, a labor writer and publisher is busy collecting contributions in money and clothing, Gollancz com pares the situation of the Arabs with the mass extermination of Jews under the Nazi regime and the postwar expulsion of millions of Ger mans from their eastern provinces, and asks “Are we to be as care less of them (the Arabs) as we were of the Germans and Jews?” Behind The Headlines Congress Is Stacked Against City Voters By NATHAN ROBERTSON Washington (LPA)—A study of the makeup of Congress discloses that labor’s vote will never be fully represented until the State legisla tures are forced to provide industrial areas with a more honest dis tribution of Congressional seats. A survey published this week in the United States News and World Report tells the story. It shows that although most of the people live today in industrial areas, where labor’s vote usually con trols, most of Congress is made up of representatives of rural areas and small towns. The last Census bureau survey showed that 88,860,000 of our people lived in urban areas and only 58,201,000 in rural areas. This is almost 60 per cent of the country, or three fifths of the population. Yet the survey by the United States News and World Report, which has never been a partisan of labor but has good political coverage, shows that only about two fifths of the House members come from the cities. About three fifths come from small towns and rural areas. Last week this column rejrorted how Democratic ranks in the Senate are dominated by Southerners who play ball with the conser vative Republicans. While the House has a somewhat better record far this session than the Senate, this survey of the House member ship shows the same influence in that chamber. The Senate’s domination by the Southerners is due to the con stitutional provision giving small States the same i epresentation as big States, plus the fact that the Southerners tend to stay in longer and accumulate seniority due to their one party system. In the House also, the one party system in the South tends to make the Southerners senior to members from other sections and therefore gives them an undue proportion of Chairmen and member ship on important committees. But under the constitution, the* House should be representative of the population, because each member is supposed to represent about the same number of constituents. This constitutional protection has been violated by the State leg islatures, which control the distribution of Congressional districts with in a State. In its early days this country was largely rural and there fore the rural areas, quite properly, dominated the State legislatures. As the countiy has turned from a rural to an industrial nation, the rural majorities in the State legislatures have fought to maintain ■r*. id ‘MB* i r-H UAW NEWS and VIEWS By ALEXANDER S. LIPSELL (An ILNS Feature) ■M BOBflift BiflOB WWiMrlHIntHI To see industrial big brass taken to task for its blunders and shortcomings always pleases this observer, especially when the lam basting is done by one of their own. It happened recently in Florida, at the 17th annual meeting of-the Industrial Relations Institute spon sored by the National Association of Manufacturers. Thomas G. Spates, vice president of General Foods Corporation, told the participating business leaders that employers should seek a harmonious understanding with their workers “instead of telling others how to run their business, quit shouting Taft-Hartley and stop yelling at Green and Murray.” He continued: “I would like to have NAM start a campaign directed to the employers—spend the rest of this year telling NAM members to start treating their workers like human beings. The majority of workers don’t have to be sold on free enterprise. It is up to enlightened executives to get the facts to em ployers across the nation.” n rniimm n n a»iw in TavilcadeVi by LES FINNEGAN—’ Thursday, April 21, 1949FX Republicans And Dixiecrats werC proud of their second joint fill* buster within a month. Senator Homer Capehart, another Indiana Republican, predicted that there will be a “political union” of the Dixiecrats and Republicans within the next four years. Capehart is one of the few men in the country with the wholesome qualities nec essary to perform a wedding between the southern Klus and the northern clucks. Republican Congressmen listen carefully to what their constitu ents back home have to say—especially manufacturing constituents. Every member of Congress last week got a letter from the Clover Manufacturing Co., of Norwalk, Conn. The first paragraph of the letter read: “As outlined in the Clover Business Letter months ago^, the anticipated recession has become a fact and is progressing in an orderly fashion, which is all to the good.” This orderly recession hast produced nearly 3,000,000 unemployed, and that’s probably “all to the good,” too. It was probably with these millions of unemployed in" mind that President C. H. Greenewalt, of E. I. duPont Corp., declared, in an address in Newark, N. J., that “The American worker essential- ly is in business for himself.” The U. S. Census Bureau has found that it now takes an unem ployed man about eight-and-a-half weeks to find a job. It takes a woman about six-and-u-half weeks. That’s not because a woman looks harder it’s because she looks better. For the first time in the city’s history, Washington, D. C., has no? daily newspapers when the AFL Pressmen’s Union called a day-and-a half work stoppage. The greatest inconveniences were those caused to AFL President William Green and CIO President Philip Murray who weren’t able to find out from Drew Pearson’s column what .they were supposed to have said confidentially in Pittsburgh when they were in Chicago. Several business and trade magazines decided they ought to be1 able to have fun with the report that the United Auto Workers bought a $12,000 armored car for Walter Reuther and insisted he use it. But their editorial humor’didn’t sound half as funny as the report from San Francisco that an employer sued an entire fisherman’s union for alienation of affection^ because his wife accepted a job as organ izer for the union. Two state legislatures have been asked to pass laws which would require pickets to fully identify their union affiliation on every sign and placard they carry. That would be a nasty trick to play on the 4000 New York City taxi drivers who went on strike last week. They wouldn’t even have room for a union label on their placards after writing “Local 35, Taxi Workers Organizing Committee, United Con struction Workers, District 50, United Mine Workers of America.” The Republican-Dixiecrat filibuster buried Taft-Hartley repeal, social security, federal aid to education and other Truman legislation deep down on the calendar. Labor leaders in Washington no longer smile at the remark that Congress is acting as though Dewey were elected. The fact is that a majority of Congressmen are acting as though no one was dected—including themselves. Washington Labor Report Taft, Donnell Still Think Like 1890 Men By BRADFORD V. CARTER, LPA Columnist There is a rapidly widening gap between the states-rights bloc the Congress and the younger and more vigorous group that has learned its politics under the New Deal. And in the states-rights bloc this writer would include the men of both parties who argue that the Constitution (often they say “unfortunately”) in 1789, set down hard and fast lines which curb what the Congress can do. Take the occasion last week when Labor Secretary Tobin appear ed to defend a broadened Fair Labor Standards Act. Sen. Taft listen ed to Tobin’s very able presentation for 30 minutes or so. Thea? he got peeved at what Tobin was assuming, and broke in. Sen. Donnell (another McKinley-era Republican from Missouri) had expressed his distaste for a Supreme Court ruling that a window-washer in a New York City office building is entitled to the protection of the 40c wage minimum and time-and-a-half for overtime after 40 hours under the present law. This is what followed: “TAFT—I suggest they have been constantly pressing the defini tion of interstate commerce in the administration of this law to the limit, and with these additional powers there will be no distinction, everybody who is working in this country, except where we have speci fically exempted them—it sems that is the only protectoin if these two things are in—unless we want to have the law applied .to everybody in the US. I am not saying what we should or should not do, but don’t you think that is the necessary effect of these broadening provisions? “TOBIN—It is very broadening, I agree, and as I have stated, I would like to see a minimum wage law that would cover a great many more workers than are covered at the present time and, certainly, if a window-washer were paid 75c an hour, he would not be over-paid for the hazardous work that he has to perform. “DONNELL—Don’t you regard it of importance, however, that the Congress should follow the constitutional limits of the federal power, rather than to try to extend legislation enacted by it to matters purely within state jurisdiction and legislative power? Isn’t that of some importance? “TOBIN—I would like to cite the wording “affecting commerce” in the labor relations law (Taft-Hartley) that was passed in the last session of Congress. “DONNELL—I want to know your opinion as to whether or not it is of any importance to preserve the line of federal jurisdiction in legislation as distinguished from the line of matters appropriately to be kept to state legislation. That is of importance, is it not? “TOBIN—I will have to go back into history in order to answer that question. It can’t be answered yes or no. The division of auth ority granted at the time of the writing of the original constitution was perfectly applicable at that time, but you have seen the courts change their thinking down thru the years as the economy of the country has changed, and I would say I would want to see the Con gress of the US broaden any law that would help stabilize the econ omy, and 1 would not want to see exempted any phase of the economy that would adversely affect the economy. “In other words, in the delegation of powers there should be an attempt in the light of today’s complicated economic picture to have an approach comparable to that of the founding fathers when they said to the federal government that which can best be handled by the federal government and to the states that which can best be handled by the states. “DONNELL—That isn’t what it says. “TOBIN—In broad language. “DONNELL—I wouldn’t agree This arguement goes on every day—on the floor of Congress, in committee discussions, and when delegations from home come to talk with the states-righters. Surely, it’s frustrating. But every time it happens, it becomes clearer and clearer that these men—Dixiecrats and northerners alike —just don’t belong in the nation’s highest law making body in 1949. It’s like driving a Model-T on a six lane highway and scrapping the outmoded legislators can be done more easily than you might think. their control. In many States they have continued to hold it right up to the present time, by various devices, which leaves them not only in control of State politics, to the disadvantage of the cities, but also leaves them in control of the distribution of Congressional seats. As a result there has been a tendency to divide the states into Congressional districts in such a way that the rural areas would have more than their share of representation in the House. The United States News and World Report estimates that today there are 276 members of the House from small towns and rural areas, as compared with only 159 from the cities. This is just about the reverse of the proper ratio. That is probably the basic reason why the farm lobby has so much more success getting what it wants out of Congress than the labor lobby, which represents more voters. Most of the Truman pro gram in this session of Congress deals primarily with the problems of industrial areas—such as labor legislation, social security, rent control, housing, the minimum wage law, and other bills dealing with the pro blems of an industrial civilization. Congress is over-loaded with men from rural areas and small towns who do not know about such industrial problems, and don’t have to worry about them because most of their constituents are from rural areas. Most of the committees are headed by such men. Nearly all of the Southerners, with their long seniority records, are men of this kind. Only a dozen of the more than 100 Congressmen from Southern Stab's come from districts in big cities. Before labor can make much more headway in Congress it needs to work on the State legislatures and cement its ties with the rural population.