St a Vafter$ Herald
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF
THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATTVB POTTUM
i i and
^tsKAST LIVERPOOL TRADES ft LABOR COUNCIL
Pubiiahea every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owninc and
operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State.
fetervd «t Post Office, East Liverpool. Ohio, April 20, 1902, eecond-clees matter.
Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1102.
Act of October IS. 1917, authorized August 20, 1918.
GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST.. BELL PHONE 875
HARRY L. mr.T- .------------ iMitnr and Business Mananer
One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada.——————82.00
Praridnt Jam* M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, fcuit Liverpool, Ctte
Flrat Vico Preaidant.—E. L. Wheatley. Boom 215. Brood Stroat, National Book Bond
ing. Trenton 8. Now Jersey ...
Second Vice President Frank Hull, 5111 Pacific Blvd.. Huntington Park. CaHL
TMrd Vice President——_______ Janies Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Livanxxl, OMo
Fourth Vice President Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue. Trenton 8. New Jersey
Sixth Vice President. George Turner, 1 W. Drury Lane, East Liverpool, OMo
Seventh Pice President T. J. Desm 1. 625 E. Lincoln Way Minerva, Ohio
Kghth Vico President—— Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street. Newell, W- Va.
Secretary-Treasurer——»———Chas. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ
BERT CLARK. DAVID BEA VAN, CELAA JORDAN
DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE
M*uuf*etniwi_.___2_________ ROBERT DIETZ. Sr., W. A-. BETZ, RA Y BROOKES
—JAMES SLAVEN. OSCAR SWAN. ROSE STEWART
■, Let's Do Some Thinking
"For a nation enjoying the highest living and employ
ment standards in the world we sure have a bad case of
jitters. Everybody cries wolf those who know the least
and have no cause for complaint yelp the loudest.
With estimates, ranging as high as 4,000,000 jobless
and perhaps twice that many part-time workers, we have no
desire to minimize the difficulties. But that does not mean
that Americans should imagine themselves headed straight
for the abyss. To sell America short has proven mighty un
profitable in the past. It will do so again.
Nevertheless, it would be folly to ignore the warning
signs that fly from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts. In
practically all mass consumer goods production has far out
stripped the demand. Declining earnings are cutting into
sales. Management offers nothing but cutbacks and a miser
ly attitude which has nothing in common with the vision
that made America great. Investors are fearful of putting
money into new enterprise and ideas.
What is the answer? We are of the opinion that a gov
ernment financed and supported extensive housing program,
construction of a new national network of four-lane high
ways, repair and improvement of the older roads, and other
public works should go far toward alleviating the nation’s
economic ills. These expenditures are productive and of
benefit to all. Most of them will pay for themselves in the
long run. These measures must be accompanied by a merci
less pruning of our bureaucratic trees, reduction of working
hours in industry and trade, and perhaps an earlier retire
ment age similar to that prevailing in Sweden..
Is such a program really too much or must America
continue to slosh its way through the mire of depression and
insecurity for which there is no economic and moral justi
fication? It is time the American people did a little thinking
Recently a group of union officials, most of them ex
perienced building trades mechanics, went on a conducted
tour through the State Schools for the Blind and Deaf. Their
tour did nothing to increase their admiration for the way in
which Ohio has accepted its responsibility to its handicapped.
The main buildings at these two schools were built
shortly after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox. They
look it. The men who insjiected the schools testified that
under no circumstances could they be repaired or modern
ised so as to secure even the minimum safety standards.
It would cost almost $7,000,009 to build new schools.
Over $5,000,000 of this has already been set aside for just
this purpose. Land has already been purchased and stands
idle. The total cost for about 500 handicapped kids would
amount to just about the same as is now being spent to re
condition The White House.
Remember the Ohio Penitentiary fire? Recall the nine
young men who lost their lives in the recent conflagration
at Kenyon College? Do you also remember that a completely
modern business block on Shaker Square was levelled by
fire just a few weeks back? Is it right that we should place
in jeopardy the lives of these youngsters who need our help
so badly and who must depend upon others to give them at
least a fighting chance to lie self-supporting in their adult
The State of Illinois has just experienced a horrible
tragedy in a hospital that was old and unsafe. Are we to
pinch pennies in Ohio and doom these boys and girls to the
same death in an antiquated fire trap that should have been
junked years ago?
And if you think the case does not deserve special at
tention, picture, if you can, trying to lead 200 blind children
out of a burning building. Picture the problem of warning
350 deaf pupils.
Here is another case where human welfare must take
precedence over dollars. Let’s not wait until it is too late.
Early this year Congress clipped the wings of the House
Rules Committee by preventing it from permanently bottl
ing up legislative measures.
The wisdom of this move was exemplified when the
Committee held hearings on the Thomas-Lesinski Bill to
repeal the Taft-Hartley Act. The hearings were a disgrace
ful exhibition of demagoguery.
The Rules Committee was set up originally to serve as
a Hearing house—a group which would determine when and
h\\ a bill would reach the floor after it had been approved
by the appropriate committee.
In other words, the Committee was supposed to serve as
a traffic cop.
But the present Committee got the idea that it should
hold hearing* all over again on a bill which was properly
cleaned by the House Labor Committee.
A Dixiegop coalition took control of the committee away
from its chairman, venerable Rep. Adolph Sabbath (D., 111.),
insulted him, the witnesses and the nation.
Washington newsmen, who have learned to view gov
erfiTiH ntal rnonkt y shines with unruffled calm, declared the
healings were among the noisiest, crudest they had ever
And the Committee made it deal' it had no intention of
jBUeedmg UP action on T-H, on which speedy action is needed.
GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
_________ M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
MAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN. ERNEST TORRENCE
So Far, So Good
The House finally has passed* & bill which will put a
stop to the protection of butter at public expense.
This bill, adopted by a vote of 287 to 89, abolishes all
federal taxes on oleomargarine. In one form or another this
punitive tax has survived for 63 years. It died hard, but so
far as the House is concerned it is dead now.
Prior to passage, the House bill also was stripped of a
provision which would have prevented the interstate ship
ment of colored margarine. The effect of this provision,
which was cooked up by the Agriculture Committee, would
have been greatly to curtail the availability of the colored
product, and might well have been more punitive than the
The bill now goes to the Senate. A similar measure in
the preceding Congress was lost in the Senate in the last
minute rush. There .will be no excuse for that this time.
The Senate has opportunity to act, and it ought to pass this
measure. If this is done, there will remain in effect, of
course, various state restraints on margarine production and
sale. But the Federal Government at least will have washed'
its hands of a business that is as unprincipled as it is unfair
to the consumer.
Public Service And Pay
City government and city officials must earn public re
spect and public recognition. Too many competent elected
officials fail to run for re-election because the voters do not
give them the support able public representatives must have.
Appointive employes frequently leave municipal govern
ment because their salaries are low, other working condi
tions unsatisfactory, and because private employment leads
to greater prestige. If the public wants good public servants
it must assume some responsibility for maintaining high
standards in the public service, by demanding such stand
ards, and by recognizing them when they occur.
Municipal officials and employes should receive ade
quate compensation so that municipal employment will offer
the same opportunities for advancement as private employ
ment. The pay of municipal employes in the higher salary
brackets should be comparable to that in private employ
ment. This principle should apply to administrative, profes
sional and technical employes in the higher salary brackets
as well as to all other classes.
Shh! It's A Great Secret
We are going to let you in on a secret. It must be a
secret, because we haveh’t seen anything about it in the
public prints. Here it is: many food prices have gone up in
the last few days and weeks others are set to go up. That,
of course, is not front-page news. It is only news when some
body, or some government bureau, comes up with a yarn that
living costs have gone down, down, down I
It is like this: They had some snow and frost in Cali
fornia. A certain percentage of the citrus crop was dam
aged. So, the price of canned fruit juices is slated for a nice
big hike in your favorite store. Even the canners who do
not use a pound of California citrus fruits are going to
Perhaps a hundred steers froze to death in the big
storm this winter, so the price of good meat is going up. It
jumped last week. It’s going to jump again, and again, say
the wise ones. New record prices are predicted.
This is a big secret, so please keep it quiet, will you
f'' Increased Buying Power Vital 1
The nation is now experiencing the normal downturn
in prices or “disinflation” which takes place in a free econ
omy as production catches up and surpasses demand. It is a
difficult process for everyone. Employers must cut costs and
lower prices to meet competition workers are temporarily
laid off. It is also a time of danger, when sharp prices drops
many occur, disrupting business.
A gradual and orderly decline in high prices is greatly
needed to increase buying jxiwer of workers and other con
sumers and bring them back into the market as active buy
ers. As yet the decline in wholesale prices has not been fully
passed on to consumers. Declines in living costs are in gen
eral small and spotty, occuring chiefly in foods, occasionally
in clothes and house furnishings.
However, the danger of inflation seems to lie gradually
lessening. As Business Week puts it: “If inflation comes
again in 1919, government spending alone will cause it.”
The need at present is rather to make up the serious lag in
workers’ buying bower so that business can reach a normal
peacetime balance without sliding off into a recession.
Of all the lobbying activities now being carried on one
of the most reprehensible, it seems to us, is the campaign of
“big steel’’ to persuade Congress that it is doing a top-notch
job in increasing steel production and that thefe is no dang
er of a shortage.
Yet the facts of the matter are quite different. It has
been shown that while all manufacturing industries expand
ed 56 per cent during the past 10 years, the steel industry
expanded only three per1 cent and while industry expects to
expand 13 per cent in the next five years, the steel industry
expects to expand only three per cent.
Why should trade unionists be concerned about this?
There is one very good reason: Economists are emphatic in
saying that unless our steel production is increased to 100,
000,000 tons a year by 1950, our economy will be unable to
maintain full employment and full production.
In other words, more steel must be produced if we are
to have jobs for all.
Real Estate Lobby Branches Out
Herbert U. Nelson, Executive Vice-President of the Na
tional Association of Ileal Estate Boards, speaking in Madi
son, Wisconsin, attacked the Federally financed school lunch
program. He declared that the school lunch program pro
viding free warm meals for school children was some sort
of a plot to regiment the children. Wonder if he is against
This illustrates that labor’s fight for better conditions
is all of one piece. The spokesman for the fifty per cent in
crease in rents for everylxdy also favors hungry children at
school. Perhaps with a fifty per cent increase in rent, Mr.
Nelson might succeed in having the children hungry morn
ing AND noon.
Guarantee Of Quality
Quality merchandise has its origins in a union shop.
Quality services, by the same token are provided by union
enterprises—that is, by firms which have been organized
and which employ workers under union conditions. The in
telligent consumer wants quality merchandise and quality
services, but he has no assurance that he is getting them
unless the commodities bear the union label and the services
are performed by those who wear union service buttons or
where the union, shop card is on view.
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
... .. •’*1'
$$ Back in 1859 a French scientist’s experiments laid the ground
work for what was to become the perfect butter substitute, olemar
garine. Since then the dairy interests have been fighting margarine
tooth and nail. Every conceivable means has been used to stop or at
least retard progress—from outright prohibition to consumers taxes,
burdensome restrictions and last-minute attempts to outlaw the sale
*•. Recently the House of Representatives approved, by 287 to 89, a
measure repealing federal taxes and restrictions on margarine and
establishing, to some extent, a balance of equality and rights between
thf two competitive agricultural products.
But the war is by no means won. The Senate, as ILNS dispatches
pointed out, may prove a serious obstacle to final passage of repeal
26 Senators are said to be pledged to a bill restoring the ban on inter
state transportation of precolored margarine. There is also the pos
sibility of a filibuster.
The dairy lobby—which by the way also opposes the elimination
of unfair wage-hour exemptions—is doing its utmost to keep the
Senate from voting favorably on the House bill. As it is, the Senate
legislation calendar is far behind schedule. 145 million consumers
need be on the alert if they do not want to see another victory slip
through their fingers.
On the day that Mayor William O’Dwyer of New York hailed Israel
as an “infant republic, sturdy on its feet, taking its manly place
among nations ... its standing assured with the blessings of the
world,” the New York Times published the report of a traveler just
returned from the Near East, which speaks volumes on conditions in
that particular trouble spot.
1 The writer, Mary Garvin, vividly depicts the suffering of 700,000
Arab refugees, many of whom are “shivering and starving in their
camps, without home, compensation or hope.” “Peace will not return
to that unhappy area until Israel redeems her promises,” she writes.
She also accuses Israel of having scorned “her pledged obligations to
the United Nations,” adding that “the United States has a very real
strategic interest in the security of the area, and a deep political in
terest in the goodwill of the 300 million Mohammedans who separate
western powers from Russia in Asia.”
Meanwhile efforts are under way to alleviate the plight of the
Arab refugees. The Quakers report caring for about 200,000 in south
ern Palestine, “almost one-half of them children.” A British relief
organization led by Victor Gollancz, a labor writer and publisher is
busy collecting contributions in money and clothing, Gollancz com
pares the situation of the Arabs with the mass extermination of Jews
under the Nazi regime and the postwar expulsion of millions of Ger
mans from their eastern provinces, and asks “Are we to be as care
less of them (the Arabs) as we were of the Germans and Jews?”
Behind The Headlines
Congress Is Stacked Against City Voters
By NATHAN ROBERTSON
Washington (LPA)—A study of the makeup of Congress discloses
that labor’s vote will never be fully represented until the State legisla
tures are forced to provide industrial areas with a more honest dis
tribution of Congressional seats.
A survey published this week in the United States News and
World Report tells the story. It shows that although most of the
people live today in industrial areas, where labor’s vote usually con
trols, most of Congress is made up of representatives of rural areas
and small towns.
The last Census bureau survey showed that 88,860,000 of our
people lived in urban areas and only 58,201,000 in rural areas. This is
almost 60 per cent of the country, or three fifths of the population.
Yet the survey by the United States News and World Report, which
has never been a partisan of labor but has good political coverage,
shows that only about two fifths of the House members come from the
cities. About three fifths come from small towns and rural areas.
Last week this column rejrorted how Democratic ranks in the
Senate are dominated by Southerners who play ball with the conser
vative Republicans. While the House has a somewhat better record
far this session than the Senate, this survey of the House member
ship shows the same influence in that chamber.
The Senate’s domination by the Southerners is due to the con
stitutional provision giving small States the same i epresentation as
big States, plus the fact that the Southerners tend to stay in longer
and accumulate seniority due to their one party system.
In the House also, the one party system in the South tends to
make the Southerners senior to members from other sections and
therefore gives them an undue proportion of Chairmen and member
ship on important committees. But under the constitution, the* House
should be representative of the population, because each member is
supposed to represent about the same number of constituents.
This constitutional protection has been violated by the State leg
islatures, which control the distribution of Congressional districts with
in a State. In its early days this country was largely rural and there
fore the rural areas, quite properly, dominated the State legislatures.
As the countiy has turned from a rural to an industrial nation,
the rural majorities in the State legislatures have fought to maintain
NEWS and VIEWS
By ALEXANDER S. LIPSELL (An ILNS Feature)
BOBflift BiflOB WWiMrlHIntHI
To see industrial big brass taken to task for its blunders and
shortcomings always pleases this observer, especially when the lam
basting is done by one of their own. It happened recently in Florida,
at the 17th annual meeting of-the Industrial Relations Institute spon
sored by the National Association of Manufacturers.
Thomas G. Spates, vice president of General Foods Corporation,
told the participating business leaders that employers should seek a
harmonious understanding with their workers “instead of telling
others how to run their business, quit shouting Taft-Hartley and stop
yelling at Green and Murray.” He continued: “I would like to have
NAM start a campaign directed to the employers—spend the rest of
this year telling NAM members to start treating their workers like
human beings. The majority of workers don’t have to be sold on free
enterprise. It is up to enlightened executives to get the facts to em
ployers across the nation.”
n rniimm n n a»iw
by LES FINNEGAN—’
Thursday, April 21, 1949FX
Republicans And Dixiecrats werC proud of their second joint fill*
buster within a month. Senator Homer Capehart, another Indiana
Republican, predicted that there will be a “political union” of the
Dixiecrats and Republicans within the next four years. Capehart is
one of the few men in the country with the wholesome qualities nec
essary to perform a wedding between the southern Klus and the
Republican Congressmen listen carefully to what their constitu
ents back home have to say—especially manufacturing constituents.
Every member of Congress last week got a letter from the Clover
Manufacturing Co., of Norwalk, Conn. The first paragraph of the
letter read: “As outlined in the Clover Business Letter months ago^,
the anticipated recession has become a fact and is progressing in an
orderly fashion, which is all to the good.” This orderly recession hast
produced nearly 3,000,000 unemployed, and that’s probably “all to the
good,” too. It was probably with these millions of unemployed in"
mind that President C. H. Greenewalt, of E. I. duPont Corp., declared,
in an address in Newark, N. J., that “The American worker essential-
ly is in business for himself.”
The U. S. Census Bureau has found that it now takes an unem
ployed man about eight-and-a-half weeks to find a job. It takes a
woman about six-and-u-half weeks. That’s not because a woman looks
harder it’s because she looks better.
For the first time in the city’s history, Washington, D. C., has no?
daily newspapers when the AFL Pressmen’s Union called a day-and-a
half work stoppage. The greatest inconveniences were those caused
to AFL President William Green and CIO President Philip Murray
who weren’t able to find out from Drew Pearson’s column what .they
were supposed to have said confidentially in Pittsburgh when they
were in Chicago.
Several business and trade magazines decided they ought to be1
able to have fun with the report that the United Auto Workers bought
a $12,000 armored car for Walter Reuther and insisted he use it.
But their editorial humor’didn’t sound half as funny as the report
from San Francisco that an employer sued an entire fisherman’s union
for alienation of affection^ because his wife accepted a job as organ
izer for the union.
Two state legislatures have been asked to pass laws which would
require pickets to fully identify their union affiliation on every sign
and placard they carry. That would be a nasty trick to play on the
4000 New York City taxi drivers who went on strike last week. They
wouldn’t even have room for a union label on their placards after
writing “Local 35, Taxi Workers Organizing Committee, United Con
struction Workers, District 50, United Mine Workers of America.”
The Republican-Dixiecrat filibuster buried Taft-Hartley repeal,
social security, federal aid to education and other Truman legislation
deep down on the calendar. Labor leaders in Washington no longer
smile at the remark that Congress is acting as though Dewey were
elected. The fact is that a majority of Congressmen are acting as
though no one was dected—including themselves.
Washington Labor Report
Taft, Donnell Still Think Like 1890 Men
By BRADFORD V. CARTER, LPA Columnist
There is a rapidly widening gap between the states-rights bloc
the Congress and the younger and more vigorous group that has
learned its politics under the New Deal. And in the states-rights bloc
this writer would include the men of both parties who argue that the
Constitution (often they say “unfortunately”) in 1789, set down hard
and fast lines which curb what the Congress can do.
Take the occasion last week when Labor Secretary Tobin appear
ed to defend a broadened Fair Labor Standards Act. Sen. Taft listen
ed to Tobin’s very able presentation for 30 minutes or so. Thea? he
got peeved at what Tobin was assuming, and broke in. Sen. Donnell
(another McKinley-era Republican from Missouri) had expressed his
distaste for a Supreme Court ruling that a window-washer in a New
York City office building is entitled to the protection of the 40c wage
minimum and time-and-a-half for overtime after 40 hours under the
present law. This is what followed:
“TAFT—I suggest they have been constantly pressing the defini
tion of interstate commerce in the administration of this law to the
limit, and with these additional powers there will be no distinction,
everybody who is working in this country, except where we have speci
fically exempted them—it sems that is the only protectoin if these two
things are in—unless we want to have the law applied .to everybody
in the US. I am not saying what we should or should not do, but don’t
you think that is the necessary effect of these broadening provisions?
“TOBIN—It is very broadening, I agree, and as I have stated, I
would like to see a minimum wage law that would cover a great many
more workers than are covered at the present time and, certainly, if a
window-washer were paid 75c an hour, he would not be over-paid for
the hazardous work that he has to perform.
“DONNELL—Don’t you regard it of importance, however, that
the Congress should follow the constitutional limits of the federal
power, rather than to try to extend legislation enacted by it to matters
purely within state jurisdiction and legislative power? Isn’t that of
“TOBIN—I would like to cite the wording “affecting commerce”
in the labor relations law (Taft-Hartley) that was passed in the last
session of Congress.
“DONNELL—I want to know your opinion as to whether or not
it is of any importance to preserve the line of federal jurisdiction in
legislation as distinguished from the line of matters appropriately to
be kept to state legislation. That is of importance, is it not?
“TOBIN—I will have to go back into history in order to answer
that question. It can’t be answered yes or no. The division of auth
ority granted at the time of the writing of the original constitution
was perfectly applicable at that time, but you have seen the courts
change their thinking down thru the years as the economy of the
country has changed, and I would say I would want to see the Con
gress of the US broaden any law that would help stabilize the econ
omy, and 1 would not want to see exempted any phase of the economy
that would adversely affect the economy.
“In other words, in the delegation of powers there should be an
attempt in the light of today’s complicated economic picture to have
an approach comparable to that of the founding fathers when they
said to the federal government that which can best be handled by the
federal government and to the states that which can best be handled
by the states.
“DONNELL—That isn’t what it says.
“TOBIN—In broad language.
“DONNELL—I wouldn’t agree
This arguement goes on every day—on the floor of Congress, in
committee discussions, and when delegations from home come to talk
with the states-righters.
Surely, it’s frustrating. But every time it happens, it becomes
clearer and clearer that these men—Dixiecrats and northerners alike
—just don’t belong in the nation’s highest law making body in 1949.
It’s like driving a Model-T on a six lane highway and scrapping the
outmoded legislators can be done more easily than you might think.
their control. In many States they have continued to hold it right
up to the present time, by various devices, which leaves them not only
in control of State politics, to the disadvantage of the cities, but also
leaves them in control of the distribution of Congressional seats.
As a result there has been a tendency to divide the states into
Congressional districts in such a way that the rural areas would have
more than their share of representation in the House. The United
States News and World Report estimates that today there are 276
members of the House from small towns and rural areas, as compared
with only 159 from the cities. This is just about the reverse of the
That is probably the basic reason why the farm lobby has so
much more success getting what it wants out of Congress than the
labor lobby, which represents more voters. Most of the Truman pro
gram in this session of Congress deals primarily with the problems of
industrial areas—such as labor legislation, social security, rent control,
housing, the minimum wage law, and other bills dealing with the pro
blems of an industrial civilization.
Congress is over-loaded with men from rural areas and small
towns who do not know about such industrial problems, and don’t have
to worry about them because most of their constituents are from rural
areas. Most of the committees are headed by such men. Nearly all
of the Southerners, with their long seniority records, are men of this
kind. Only a dozen of the more than 100 Congressmen from Southern
Stab's come from districts in big cities.
Before labor can make much more headway in Congress it needs
to work on the State legislatures and cement its ties with the rural
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