Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, April 21, 1949 Western Union Reports Business Losses, Union Charges Incompetence New York (LPA) Walter P. Marshall, president of Western Union Telegraph Co., was faced with angry stockholders last week at the annual shareholders’ meet ing. The irate coupon clippers com plained about what one called “the worst managed company whose stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.” The company lost $300,000 in March, $1,013,019 in February, and $1,220,972 in January. A representative of Local 1, Commercial Telegraphers Union AFL, which owns ten shares of stock in the company, complained to the meeting that only 50% of Western Union employes are cov ered by the pension plan which pays them only $4 and $5 a month after a lifetime of service. Marshall, in turn, attacked the union for making wage demands while the company was losing money. He referred to a complaint the CTU filed with the Senate In terstate & Foreign Commerce Com mittee recently accusing the Fed eral Communications Commission of “utter lack of supervision” of Western Union. “It is a matter of common know ledge,” union officers had told the Committee chairman, “that the quality of telegraph service has de teriorated to such a point that the very existence of the industry is at stake.” CTU reminded the Senators that they had passed a law in 1943 al lowing Postal Telegraph and West ern Union to merge with the hope that “a monopolistic telegraph ser vice would give superior service to that being rendered by the two competing companies.” “That hope,” the union pointed out, “has long since proven ground less because of the unwillingness of the Western Union Telegraph Co. to give adequate service to the nation, and because of the deliber ate refusal of the FCC to live up to its obligation to see to it that Western Union does give adequate service.” The complaint went on to cite case after case where Western Union closed down agencies with the consent of the Commission and substituted “totally inadequate ser vice being rendered by hot dog stands, real estate firms, funeral parlors and the like.” order to violate existing wage-hour laws,’* the union charg ed. “Western Union has even created fake and nonexistent agencies.” It accused the com mission of refusing teven to accept evidence on these cases. How to get to EASY ST. Easy street—a place of freedom from financial cares and scene of a secure future—isn’t hard to find. Regular week-to-week sav ings can put you there. The good habit of putting a little aside each week is really an easy habit to form—and there never was a better time to acquire it. Your dollar will buy a lot more of things you want on Easy Street tomorrow if you’ll come in and see us about a savings account today. SAVE now at First National Member FDIC East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank Phone 914 for happier SPENDING later v" “A recent innovation which the Commission has granted,” the CTU complaint said, “is the taking over of independent Western Union of fices by telephone companies as so called agents.... We believe that this is definitely in conflict with the spirit and letter of the Sher man anti-trust law.... Western Union and Bell System have filed a joint petition covering 30 states in which it is proposed that West ern Union turn over its telephone business to Bell and that Bell turn over its telegraph business to Western Union Bell will also give a bonus or subsidy of several mil lion dollars to Western Union.” The union has filed formal objec tions to this deal. Western Union, CTU charged, is deliberately committing suicide and then will go to Congress with a plea of poverty and ask for a merger of telephone and telegraph. As for pay raises, the union says that “reasonably competent man agement (or even some slight de gree of business acumen) would very quickly put Western Union in a position where it could pay its employes decent wages and oper ate far more profitably than at present.” Taft-Hartley Law Has Not Cut Strikes Washington (LPA)—One of the favorite claims of the Taft-Hart leyites was thoroly refuted last week when the Bureau of Labor Statistics published its final data on work stoppages in 1948 and preceding years. The record shows clearly that the anti-union law has not reduced strikes. When printing trades, mining and maritime stoppages, prompted by or extended by Taft-Hartley it self are taken into account, even this claim is negated. Sharpest rebuttal of the anti union claim, however, is contained in the comparison between the Taft-Hartley era and the pre-war Wagner act dajts. The average numbin* of strikes during the peace-time life of the Wagner act was 2,862 per year, about 600 fewer in a year than during the reign of Taft-Hartley. The greatest number Of strikes occured in the reconversion year of 1946—4985. In early 1947, be fore Taft-Hartley was enacted, the number of strikes declined sharply —because industry had been re geared to the peacetime pattern, not because of changes in federal labor law. Insufficient funds keep husbands close to the fireside and the loved ones. A stranger who wouldn’t think of asking you for a dollar thinks nothing of asking for advice. Furniture-- Stoves Bedding—Curtains Drapery—Rugs—Carpets Paint—Appliances Dinner & Cooking Ware Seven Floors Of Quality Furniture And All Furnish* ings To Make A House A Comfortable Home. Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio Convenient Terms CROOK’S “THE BEST PLACE TO BUT AFTER ALL” ... :■j III '.O'.lffi1 last There were 3419 strikes year, resulting in 34,100,000 of lost work, as compared 3693 strikes and 34,600,000 days in 1947—during four months of which Taft-Hartley was operat ing. Last year was T-H’s only full year. days with lost Nearly 60% of all strikes last year had wage increases as their sole or principal issue. The Taft Hartleyites have never admitted that their law was designed to af fect wage negotiations. Best claim on the unanalysed figures that the Taft-Hartleyites can make is that there were under 8% fewer strikes in a year when T-H operated 12 months than in a year when it was at work for four months. UNIONS FIGHT CROWDING—As a result of inspections by of ials of AFL building trades unions, the Columbus (Ohio) Federation ficials of AFL building trades unions, the Columbus (Ohio) Federation of Labor has launched a vigorous campaign to make state officials provide money for rebuilding state schools for deaf and blind children. In the room shown above at the deaf school, nearly 40 little girls are crowded together with beds so close that an adult could not pass thru the aisles in case of an emergency. LEGISLATIVE NEWS FROM OHIO STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR STATE DISABILITY INSUR-* ANCE—The first steps towards paying workers benefits who are sick or disabled have been taken by the Ohio General Assembly. By a vote of 20-2 .the Senate passed S. B. 134 to set-up a nine-man commission to investigate the whole field of disability insurance. The bill has also been voted out of the House Industry and Labor Committee by a unanimous vote, and is now headed for the House Floor. Specifically, the bill would “study the problem created by temporary unemployment due to a disability or sickness incurred out side the scope of one’s employment, or while unemployed, and there fore not compensable under pre sent workmen’s compensation laws, and for the study and consideration of the requisite legislative action for setting up a temporary dis ability unemployment insurance fund in the state of Ohio.” Twenty thousand dollars is proposed as a budget for expenses of the com mission which would presumably report back to the next Legisla ture. (Ferguson of Cambridge and Powell of Springfield were the two Senators voting against S. B. 134) WORKMEN’S COMPENSA TION—H. B. 531, raising maximum weekly benfits of Workmen’s Com pensation from $25 to $30, and otherwise greatly improving the law, will reach the House floor on Wednesday, April 20. The bill is expected to pass without serious difficulty. After action by the House, the bill will go to the Sen ate Commerce ami Labor Commit tee, and then to the Senate floor. UNEMPLOYMENT I N S U R ANCE—S. B. 142, raising max imum unemployment payments from the present $21 to $30 week ly for a worker with two dependent children, is in the hands of a sub committee of the House Industry and Labor Committee. As already reported to you, S. B. 142 passed the Senate by a vote of 18 to 12 on March 22. FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRAC TICES ACT—H. B. 106 currently having hearings in the Senate Commerce and Labor Committee, will have a final hearing on April 19. Proponents will be allowed 45 minutes and opponents 45 minutes. A committee vote will be taken following Tuesday’s hearing. As previously reported, H. B. 10G pass(d the House on March 23 by a vote of 70-61. RESTORING THE 8-HOUR DAY FOR WOMEN—H. B. 399 has been recommended for pass age by the House Industry and Labor Committee. If finally passed, H. B. 399 would prohibit employers from working women more than six 8-hour days in any one week. Under the present law employers can work women 9 hours a day for 12 consecutive days. REPEAL OF THE FERGUSON ACT—H. B. 5 remains in the Sen ate Commerce and Labor commit tee. On February 8 it passed the House by a vote of 71 to 61. OHIO TURNPIKE—S. B. 7, pro viding for the construction of a super highway, similar to the Pennsylvania turnpike, had its first hearings in the House on April 12 13. S. B. 7 passed the Senate 26-5 on March 9. JAM Man On Health Group Washington (LPA)—Secretary Treasurer Eric Peterson of the Int’l Association of Machinists has been added to the board of direc tors of the Committee for the Na tion’s Health, the organization leading the fight for a national health insurance bill. Other new members are Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., author John Gunther, and Gen. William J. Donovan, wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services. *epl NLRB Raps Feuda Textile Towns, Baeks Examiners Washington (LPA)—In one of its most important recent decis ions, the NLRB last week took an other crack at the feudal condi tions prevailing in many southern textile towns, and rejected a de mand that it repudiate the findings of trial examiners recently threat ened with dismissal by a reaction ary Civil Service Commission panel. A novel feature of the case, brought by the Textile Workers Union of America is its naming of a police chief as well as the anti union employers as a defendant in the case. The NLRB upheld^ the union’s charges against the official as well as against the companies. Thi decision was issued by a three-man team of Chairman Paul Herzog and NLRB members John Houston and Abe Murdock. In the course of their attempt to defeat a TWUA organizing drive three textile firms in Alexander City, Ala., discharged union mem bers, tried to set up a company union, hounded TWUA organizers and members, and finally provoked assaults upon them. AH of this was connived in by Alexander City Police Chief Mack Horton, several of his policemen, and a professional “stoolie.” The defendants, of course, main tained that the policemen couldn’t be hauled into an NLRB case, since they’re law officers of the state. But Trial Examiner Maurice Mill er, who first heard the case, de clared that their anti-union activi ties aren’t part of their regular duties, and they were in fact act ing as company agents. When Miller first came to Alex ander City to conduct hearings the mayor of the town, a textile com pany vice president, denied him the use of public halls in which to ex amine witnesses. Then the compan ies challenged the proceedings be cause Miller had to hire a hall which had once been used- as a union hall. As the case reached the NLRB the companies, conscious of the weight of evidence against them, attempted to have Miller’s whole report thrown out. He is one of the 15 NLRB trial examiners recently called “unqualified” by a reaction ary panel of Civil Service Com mission examiners. The NLRB of ficers are appealing their dismissal notices now. The exam on which they were disqualified permitted the CSC group to strike them out on “personality” grounds. But, said the NLRB in its decis ion, the board hasn’t yet discharg ed these examiners, and further more it has no obligation to retry cases they first ruled upon, and about which they have filed all the legally required documents. ROUNDING UP VOTES New York (LPA) Textile Workers Union of America is hold ing a contest for union members here as part of its campaign to democratize the south. Prizes will be given to those with the most points when the contest closes May 7. The scoring: one point for each year’s poll tax the unionist gets a non-voter to pay, and, two points for each one he gets registered. By the time n grandchild gets to know you, you’re an old man— even in your own estimation. Ask for Union Labeled merch*n dise. vr v THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO* .1 ■-**.. .. 4 1 Comment On World Events. While Governor Signs Disability Bill A-/ Pointing out that adequate re lief and early repatriation, reset tlement and sijcial rehabilitation ofl 750,00° refugees from the recentj other to a hostilities Palestine were imper-leraL A preacher said kmdly thirgs ative to avert a major human cat-1 about the little old lady who^e uudy astrophe, Leasing J. Rosenwald,hay jn a coffjn. president th* American Council I ... A ai for Juda^n, recently addressed a 1 old 8 letter to various religious bodies throughout the country, in which I .. 'af' 1 he urged is-uance of a point state ment in support of these and otherl refugee measures “in that spirit ofl som® ^**n y®*rs ago, so they compassion and brotherhood which Inow». the ,ittte o!d ladX is a cardinal tenet of our common I B^r*c^en w*th cancer. Judeo-Christian heritage.” I Quite probably it was or le j. rs Central religious bodie.- to wbi ’jlbefore anyone knew that, cancer Rosenwald sent his ktur include!Pad begun it’s deadly growth with the Federal Council of the Church*d’n ^be slight body. of Christ in America, Synagogue I-B^t it grew and it grew and Council of America, National lftna,,y’ wb,,T1 d’agnosis was sure, it Catholic Welfare Conference, andlwaB ^a^e Church World Service. I after much P®1” and after r, ... ,, I much heroic work by doctors and Rosenwald’s letter recalls thatl ... ..... /. .. "When new. of the tragedy of thethc?“*' liuly .lay, ,n Jewish refugees from Germany QtC first broke, men and women of all Her were in ahe faiths came forward to speak up I, Wl)rn th and they were and render assistance of human- and brj not sectarian-grounds. The para- Fr.. uds |jstened iet mount need now, too, is to demon- kind| worda of the her and strate human compassion, to reaf- tben th(y went thcjr firm the untverseJ application ofl|ittIc o)d |ad went on ftom the moral law. The world cannot |fdone escape its human responsibility fori 4. the homeless, whether they are Now 8j ia a ri o|d even Jews in Europe or Arabs in the with toda ,g Near East.” Lf |ifc I I But five of those years had been I- “The plight of these new wand-lyears of pain—hopeless pain, ■erers,” the letter continues, “who I Well, this was just one little old made their homes in Pal-llady and cancer is but one of the ------1, is already beyond descrip- lills that strike down hundreds tion. It is reported that they arelevery day. dying at the rate of nearly 1000 al Cancer is no respecter of per day. An estimated 84 percent are Isons, or of status. Neither is heart children, mothers, the aged and theldisease, or diabetes or mental ill infirm. They swarm in camps andlness, perhaps the four most vicious among Arab-held Palestine and thelenemies of human kind. neighboring countries. Smallpox I Few who read these lines will be and typhus have broken out there I without some relative or friend is lack of doctors, drugs and medi-lwho, knowingly or not, is or will cines, and conditions of near-star-1 be a victim of one of the ills in vation prevail. I that sinister catalogue. “In the face of this tragedy, it isl Many never can afford the treat futile to indulge in recriminations|ment that can either effect a cure as to where the responsibility lies. Ior least prolong life. Many can What is of the utmost importancelnever turn back impending tragedy, is to continue and carry further I That’s fact. the awakening of a world con-1 science in behalf of all who are I ^o» what does this lead us to rendered homeless. Now is the timelcons^der7 to prove to the refugees that they I Perhaps many things. All over are not abandoned, and to our-pbe land men of science are search selves, that our practice is consist-f°r treatments and for cures, ent with Albany, N. Y. (ILNS).—Hailing it as the finest measure of its kind yet enacted by any unit of govern ment, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey sign ed the Mailler sickness disability compensation bill, which was sup ported by the New York State Fed eration of Labor. Weekly benefits of from $10 to $26 a week are provided for work ers who become ill or disabled while working or while drawing unemployment insurance compen sation. Payments are for a max imum of 13 weeks. State Labor De partment officials estimate 6,0C0, 000 wage earners will come under the law, which at first will benefit only those covered by unemploy ment insurance. Provision has been made for others to obtain coverage later. Employers will be held primarily responsible for providing the nec essary insurance, but they are authorized by the law to deduct one-half of 1 percent, up to a max-1 imum of 30 cents a week, from the I wages of covered employe to I help finance the benefits. I our professed ideals.” |Some are well financed some are Inot. .. ,. .1 But until the true cures are praising the action ofL for cancer as an example, recently authorizing thous nd3 of virtima Congress payment of $16,000,000 towards the United Nations Palestine Relief Fund, the letter declares that “tem porary relief in terms of soup kitchens and blankets will not. me k() solve the new refugee problem any of or fciM)) more than the DP question Eu- coiIective efforts'toward rope could be settled on the basul of such measures. The arm.stice g()me of the ur,.ns haV(_ negotiations have repea ted 1 ylwonders toward respon stressed the necessity for harmony,! jbni for care and treatment. But peace and friendship among all tteltheM fln(_ efforts can help only a peoples of the Near East. Our own|relativel few government, which is so deeply would care the doc. concerned with peace and stability Lr who at collective efforts in that part of the world mightl ith the one damning phra8e well urge early adoption of such aL ialized medicine» when peop!e course as the return of the home- collectiveiy try to help themselves le^s to their homes and of expedit- _that unlegs could offer a mg 4he full adjustment of those|better method not wishing to return to their on-l ginal homes. I gUf. doctors do scoff—not all, but “Indifference and in action,”la great many. And sometimes I Rosenwald’s letter continues, “willlwonder whether they may not be inevitably leave a trail of bitter-|tUrning into an adjective the noun ness to rankle dangerously in then minds of the Arab millions and make them ready victims of total itarian propaganda. Three-quarters of a million exiles unprovided for, will constitute a source of deep dis turbance to the prospects of peace. Even from the narrow standpoint of political interest, the Western nations must evince greater under standing and keener concern for this problem.” ERRY TREE fan.. fight through pain to the end with out adequate care, because money is lacking. O n/R NO NOISE GAS REFRIGERATOR •’■I "W ’-4 Taft-Hartleyites Morale Low As House Debate NeOTS WaRhinffton (LPA)—The Taft-*------------- Ha b-vib*.- on Capitol Hill were a sad looking crew as they left 1 Wo hingu ri last w kend for the Ea tr r* cess—a juiig one fir CjiigresuniMi, a short one for £en ators. Even before reaching their home towns, where they’ll have to de clare th*~~ es to *rade un?• *’.T t» on Tai Hartley rep**al, a nu ,in of hitherto “doubtful’ Congn s men have been telling their anti union colleagues that they intend to vote for Taf* Hartley —real, in substantia y 'r* rn it the unions and President Truman have asked—the Thomas-Lesinski bill. At a pr* conference week Labor Secretary Maurice luoin re vealed that he and Assistant Sec retaries John Gibson and Ralph Wrifcht have been canva mem borg of both hon-^s—Ik-punl’cans uiA Democrats a _ke— and L*_hcv that the Thomas-Lesinski bill will pass both “without substantial *’. re.” He refused, however, to OwM. “substai ral.” W hout exuding quite the com plete confidence of Tobin, most union representatives in Washing ton now believe that the T-H re pealer will pass the House in ac ceptable form, and that there’s at least a fighting chance in the Sen ate. Hopeful F'foie last week, in ad dition to Tonin’s report of his poll, were: 1. Failure of the Republicans in the Scrate to reach agreement on what ^.i.endments to tack onto the administration’s bill on the Senate floor. Sen.* Wayne Morse (R, Ore.) a consistent opponent of Taft Hartley, refused to agree to the “compromise” that Sen. Robert A. Taft (R, Ohio) was working on with Sen. Irving Ives (R, NY), who voted for T-H but who has frequently criticized it. 2. Introduction in the House by the “bipartisan” Taft-Hartleyites of a watered-down version of the Wood bill, which AFL and CIO had called “worse than Taft-Hartley.” The Dixiegops admitted that the original Wood bill which they hoped to suh-*itute for the union supported Th jmas-Lesinski bill didn’t have a chance. 3. A growing protest by north ern Democrats and northern Re publicans against the operation of the “bipartisan” coalition. Not only has Sen. Morse warned his GOP colleagues that their de fense of Taft-Hartleyism will lead to labor voters “picking them off one-by-one,” but last week a con servative Ohio GOP Congressman, Walter Brehm, declared that in his opinion the GOP’s alliance with the Dixiecrats would prevent it from ever winning the presidency. Meanwhile, pro-union northern which designates their professional oath. When these terrors strike per sons unknown to us they t—ry not register with much force, jany of them can strike home any day. Think of that—and when you are app i’ed to for support of a drive to k^.p finance efforts in these fields, don’t turn away with dis dain. Help if you can, but at least have a bit of sympathy. Death inevitably follows birth and growth. Finally it levels all alike. But many things can be done to postpone or prevent pain. Today only a few have the best care and many of that few are none too de serving of the care. -EVER as falling feathers PAGE FIVE Oil Companies Refuse To Expand Washington (LPA)—A report*to the Nat Security Resources Board by Wallace Pratt, former Standard Oil of New Jersey executive, has mysteriously been rewritten before it g»*s to th** White House, the Journal of Commerce reported last wook. The report, on oil planning for another war, has been stripped of section obje-tod to by the big oil ir***re.'t“ until it reads like the re con mentations of the Nat*l Petro leum Council, an organization run by the oil industry. Cc*pi ms Hartley repeal. Growing effective- ness of labor’s political action or ganizations is credited here for these revolts against “bipartisan” reaction. After nearly a month’s stalling the House R.’s Committee, on which the “L.partisan* have a majority, last week shook the T-H repealer out of its pigeon-hole. Under an “open debate rule”— which rmits amerdments to be offered from the floui—the House debate will commence April 26. There is still no indication, how ever, as to when the Senate will tackle T-H. The big business daily, N.Y. Journal of Commerce, ad mitted this week that employers anticipate a delay in Congression al action which will “complicate’’ this spring’s collective bargaining sessions—to the disadvantage, of course, of the unions. FROM THE NEW DELUXE Never a nimble, hum .1. not even a purr... will you hear, because the freezing unit hasn’t even one moving part to wear out or become noisy. It can’t wear out from motion... and that means no major repair bills! Think of the savings! Inside the Servel* there’s a place for everything! In the frozen food locker alone, you can put a whole bushel of packaged frozen foods or freeze 112 ice cubes or over 10 pounds of ice! Double-depth dessert tray and egg storage and defrosting tray. AU the shelves are plastic-coated, and adjustable ... make* the Servel suit year needs! The two big vegetable fresheners have glass tops, so you can see what’s in them. Outside, Servel is all gleaming white Lustrous New tone finish—so easy to dean. Fibreglas insulation keeps the cold in* the heat out* cuts operating costs. For real economy over tbe yean, Servel can't be beatl 10-YEAR Guarantee The r^rigerating amt, tbe thermostat and gas burner are all guaranteed yer 10 years. And yon can expect many, many more^years of eatufactory service from Servel. There’s a model, large or sma'J, to suit your needs. See your Gas Appliance Dealer, or your local Gas Company. GENEROUS TERMS. THE MANUFACTURERS LIGHT & HEAT CO 110 West Sixth Street, East Liverpool, Ohio kt ft of the report are not avai'al.le hut the Journal reports that t:.e foL-wing features are now missing: 1—Recommendations that as much as 20% of our known oil re serves be capped back as under ground storage for possible future war use. 2—Estimate that the United States would encounter a daily oil deficit of some 2,000,000 barrels in another wer. 3—Recoi lendation that the government expand into the com mercial-scale production of syn tk *’c li nid fuels. I.je ...U'*try has opposed the synthetic fu I program urged by Interior Secretary Julius A. Krug. A full-scale government experi mental **’-nt is scheduled to open in Missouri on May 8. While industry spokesmen were giving conflicting reports on oil de mand, ie oil output last week hit the ../.vest level in three years. Joseph E. Pogue, vice-president of Chase Nat’l Bank told a group of investment brokers that oil com pany profits can drop as much as 25% in 1949 without cutting into dividends. The reason: the com panies are going to put no money at all into expansion. Democrats have been threatening to vote with the Republicans against agricultural appropriations for the so.'u if Democrats from that area continue to sabotage the party’s proposals of particular in terest to northern labor, upon whb their own reeleetion depends. iHey have warned Speaker Sam Raybum (D, Tex.) that their atti tude towards the southerners dur ing the rest of this Congress will hinge largely upon whether or not a substantial number of them sup port the administration on Taft 1 ■, if. 3 A 4 ), -ik' I •,r -r,#v*. ft ft 'S 1 i -t'. hJ ■K'