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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, May 26, 1949, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-05-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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Chicago (LPA)—Three agree
^jnents just negotiated here by
■Lodge 701 of the Int’l Association
^of Machinists brought wage in
creases and a string of other gains
for almost 1200 auto mechanics in
250 Windy City garages.
Meetings of Local Union
No. 33 Are Now Held At
New Quarters in Brighton
Beaver Falls, Pa.—Local Union 33 has held two meetings in their
new hall in New Brighton and all those present gave their stamp of
approval on the new location. Our meeting hall is located on the floor
level and the room is clean and comfortable with a cool water fountain
available to cool the ‘pipes’ for all those who still drink water. A
special invitation is extended all those not present at previous sessions,
to be on hand at our next meeting to inspect the hall.
The meeting on May 5th was well attended with the major portion
of our membership on hand to vote for national officers, also to give
their favorites a boost in the race for delegate to the convention in
Atlantic City in June.
The election of delegates to rep
resent the local at convention was
really something to witness. If the
membership took such an interest
in all our other affairs, Local 33
would be the talk of the entire Bro
therhood. It is sad to state that
such is not the case as there were
only a handful out for the follow
ing meeting.
A There were four eligible candi
^dates that wished to run, with only
three to be sent. After quite a bit
of wrangling as to what three
were to go, and having a deadlock
at this point, it was decided that to
settle the argument all four would
be sent. The following were the
delegates chosen: Bradford M.
Townsend, Lloyd E. Cook, Curtis
W. Hutzley and Chester J. Fisher.
/The above named brothers are
open to suggestions from the mem
bership on anything that will help
the resolutions that this group rs
to back.
At this time we wish to express
our sympathy to Fred Ruetter, who
has lost his wife to that great
enemy of life, Death. Also to the
family of Harry Shook who was
buried a few weeks ago. Bro.
Shook was well known throughout
the trade as he had been active in
the affairs of the Local for a good
many years.
Our next meeting will be held on
June 16th. —O.C. 33
Auto Mechanics
’Win Wage Boost
Record-breaking wage increases
of 35 and 38 cents an hour high
light the pacts. Other benefits in
clude six annual paid holidays, 10
cents an hour night shift bonuses,
vacations of one to two weeks a
year, and a reduction of the work
week from 48 to 44 hours. The
agreements carry wage guarantees
of approximately $86 a week.
The Department of Public Health
of California has announced, in a
report and in a meeting with the
Laguna Beach Ceramic Society,
the findings of a health survey of
about 400 pottery workers in the
Laguna Beach area.
In Italy, Ramazzini described the
diseases of potters in 1690 in his
book The Diseases of Workmen.
In 1936 and 1937, a U. S. Public
Health Service survey of 2,516
employees was made in 9 plants in
v West Virginia this survey uncov
^^ared 189 cases of silicosis, 12 cases
^0of tuberculosis, and one case of
lead poisoning.
The California survey, conducted
in 27 small potteries employing
from 1 to 75 employees each, was
limited to chest x-ray films and
urinalysis to find cases of silicosis
and lead poisoning. It has taken
three years for the Bureau of
Adult Health of the California
Dept, of Public Health, in coopera
tion with the Orange County
Health Dept, and the Division of
Industrial Safety, to complete the
Of 325 persons x-rayed, one was
found to have active tuberculosis
and another had silico-tuberculosis.
KThirteen cases of inactive tubercu
osis were found. Nine persons
were discovered to have heart
disease and two had a fungus dis
ease of the lungs.
Of these cases, only one—the
silico-tuberculosis case—had any
connection with the pottery indus
try, despite the fact that analyses
of clay materials used showed 20%
free silica.
The health department has point
ed out that oridinarily it requires
years of exposure to the silica dust
before symptoms appear. Of the
325 persons x-rayed, only 14 had
been in the occupation for over ten
years, 40 between five and ten
years, 146 for two to four years,
Killen Speaker At
Labor College
50th Anniversary
London (LPA)—James S. Kill
en, vice-president of the Int’l Bro
therhood of Pulp, Sulphite and
Paper Mill Workers-AFL, on loan
to the Economic Cooperation Ad
ministration, which he is serving
as labor advisor in Great Britain,
will be featured speaker next
month at Ruskin College, Oxford’s,
50th anniversary.
Ruskin College, operated by the
Trades Union Congress and the
Workers Educational Ass’n, is at
tended by British unionists inter
ested in getting the sort of educa
tion .that will increase their use
fulness to the labor movement.
Many of the students are aided by
scholarships provided by their own
Choice of an American speaker
for the golden jubilee is a natural.
American philanthropists contri
buted a large part of the money
which started Ruskin, thereby
opening the famous educational in
stitution to young men and women
from the British unions. The Am
erican historian Charles A. Board
was one of Ruskin’s first faculty
This year six young American
trade unkmiste are attending Rus
kin—five on union scholarships and
one under GI bill. James Tyree,
United Auto Workers member, will
be the first American to complete
Ruskin’s two-year course.
The Americans at Ruskin have
done a good job of quietly streng
thening A n 1 o-American under
standing where it counts—among
the union people of the two coun
tries. Now they’re helping out in
Ruskin’s fund drive, and hope to
persuade their unions back in the
US to contribute.
Besides Killen, speakers at the
celebration will include Sir Will
iam Lawther, chairman of TUC,
and Labor party spokesman Hugh
Results of Pottery Health
Tests On Coast Announced
and 115 for less than two years.
Although the x-rays indicated
only one case of occupational dis
ease, they do show that such x-rays
are valuable to the individual em
ployee, considering how many cases
of non-occupational diseases were
Only 73 workers were examined
for lead absorption. The normal
lead concentration, for everyone,
ranges up to .08 milligrams per
liter in urinanalyses. More than
half of the workers showed a lead
absorption of less than this
amount, even though most of the
tests were of glaze and kiln work
ers who are most exposed to the
danger of lead poisoning. Seven of
those tested showed what the
health department calls “very ex
cessive amounts” of lead concen
tration, but there was only one
case .severe enough to be called
actual lead poisoning and none of
the cases were hospitalized.
Clarry Workman, president of
the Laguna Beach Ceramic Society,
which aided the department in
making these tests, has pointed
out that the tests are not yet con
clusive because of the fact that
many of the workers, employed in
potteries for only a short time,
have no previous health records
with which these findings can be
compared, and might have contact
ed the diseases previously.
“For instance,” he says, “there
was one major case of lead poison
ing found. But that worker had
been a painter and had contacted
lead poisoning before.”
To protect employers, in cases
like this, and to generally safe
guard the health of employees, the
health department has recommend
ed pre-employment health exam
inations and periodical exams
thereafter, and has offered to give
these to employees without charge.'
In full appreciation that men of
his calibre tend to make the best
in labor and management relations,
his retirement will be keenly
noticed by all concerned when it is
realized that since he assumed the
presidency, there has never been a
complaint made of discrimination
against any worker because of his
union activities.
Eastern representatives of the
Brotherhood who have been in
more active relationship with Mr.
Aitkin during his years as head, of
the company, express the senti
ments of the Executive Board and
employees of the Trenton Potter
ies Company when they extend
their expression for a long life to
enjoy the benefits of a well re
warded rest after so many years
activity, with the best of health,
and to retain as long as he lives a
keen interest in the problems of
Mr. Aitkin will not sever his
activities completely as he will con
tinue to be a member of the Board
of Directors, His successor has not
been chosen.
New Utah Copper
Strike Threatens
Salt Lake City, Utah (LPA)—
Members of Lodge 844 of the Bro
therhood of Locomotive Firemen
& Enginemen have served notice
they’re ready to strike again if the
big Kennecott Copper Corp, re
fuses to settle with the Brother
hood on the basis of a fact-finding
board’s award.
The lodge struck for over three
months last winter in a fight for
wage increases to over 300 em
ployes operating trains on the
corporation’s private mine railroad
at nearby Bingham Canyon. The
stoppage was suspended after the
company agreed to creation of a
fact-finding board by the Federal
Mediation & Conciliation Service
to investigate the dispute.
A few weeks ago the board came
down with a report recommending
a pay boost of $2.71 a day for the
railroaders, but the management
refused to accept it. Federal and
state mediators re-entered the pic
ture in an effort to get a settle
ment, but the Lodge warned that
(Turn to fage Two)
The regular scheduled meet
ing of Local Union 86 on Mon
day, May 30, Decoration Day,
has been postponed until the
following week, Monday, June
President James C. Petrillo, and conductor Eugene Ormandy,
E. S. Aitkin Will
Retire As Head Of
Trenton Potteries
Trenton, N. J.—Mr. E. S. Aitkfri,
president of the Trenton Potteries
Co. for the past 17 -years and an
executive officer of the company
for the past 47 years, will retire
June 1, eastern representatives of
the Brotherhood were advised this
As company spokesman in wage
contract negotiations with the Bro
therhood covering members of
Locals 45, 49 and 87, Mr. Aitkin
has always been held in the high
est esteem and his judgment of
fair and honest consideration to
all proposals has resulted in peace
ful solutions of the worker’s pro
Under his leadership the Tren
ton Potteries Mutual plant has de
veloped into one of the most mod
ern of potteries, having a kiln
capacity of ten large tunnel kilns.
Health and working conditions in
this plant are not surpassed any
where in the ceramic industry.
(Eljc Potters Herold
v-. A
Symphony Orchestra got a proper launching for its current Europe tour. Left to right at the dock are:
singer Helen Traubel Margaret Truman Orville H. Bullitt, presid nt of the symphony association AFM
Confidence Vote
By Members of
Richmond, Calif.—With elect pn
of national officers and delega e
to the convention as the mj in
issues, the last meeting of Lo ial
Union 89 was a very interest ig
affair with nearly all memb rs
present. 3
The. delegates chosen to rep e
sent us at Atlantic City are I ex
Morgan, Sal Freschi and John Hi
with Ed. Sulpizio as alternate,
Tension has been at a high pi eh
in the local due to the compi ay
making drastic changes in work ng
conditions. When it seemed that
the men would stand for no mire
and that either a strike or a lock
out was inevitable, Second wee
President Frank Hull made a ^y
ing trip to Richmond and succeed
ed in his efforts to effect a Air
settlement for both sides. i
This tense situation came amut
when the company added an ex
tremely heavy operation without
any explanation to most of the
casters 6n piece work. Some ef the
men were injured as a result of
this lift, and most of the other men
refused to perform this added
work. Approximately thirty em
ployees were given warnings
threatening discharge the follow
ing day.
One of the foremen went through
the shop threatening the men that
the company would close the shop
unless they, figurately speaking,
“jumped through the hoop,” and
the whole shop was ready to quit
work When Brother Hull arrived
on the scene and cleared the air of
At our following meeting Pres
ident Rex Morgan was given a vote
of thanks and confidence for the
part he played in keeping the shop
open as well as the leadership that
he has furnished the local for many
years, for we feel that with his
record in labor Circles in this area
as well as elsewhere that Brother
Morgan always has and will con
tinue in the future to represent us
honestly and capably and it was
apparent at the meeting that the
local is one hundred per cent be
hind him.
One of our members on the sick
list, Bro. .Charley Taylor sent an
S.O.S. to the union for blood
donors. The word was no sooner
(Turn to Page Two)
was right the e to see that the famed Philadelphia
Given Rex Morgan
Local Union No. 89
Local 174 Will
Elect Officers At
The Next Meeting
Metuchen, N. J.—Nomination for
local officers were held at our last
meeting with the following being
chosen to vie for the respective
posts: President, Michael Anderko
and Donley Jones Vice President,
Tony Popi and Elmer Banko Re
cording Secretary, Walter Szelc
Financial secretary, Andrew Lesko.
Election will take place at our
next meeting in June and all mem
bers should make it a point to be
on hand and support their favorite
candidate. v
It is with sad regret we inform
the trade of the sudden death of
Bro. John Katzara, Sr., following
a short illness. Our deepest sym
pathy to the bereaved family in
their hour of sorrow.
Delegates to the convention were
elected with George Bondies
Donley Jones named for this
portant duty.
T-H Repeal Moving Slowly Despite
Labor Demand For Quick Action
Washington (LPA)—The Con
gressional phase of the battle
against Taft-Hartley slowed down
to a standstill last week.
Over on the Senate side of the
Capitol appropriations bills took up
most of the solons’ attention, with
the North Atlantic pact debate
scheduled as the next major item
on the agenda.
The House Labor committee—
and pro-union Congressmen gener
ally—were thrown into an uproar
by President Truman’s appoint
ment of Rep. Augustine Kelley (D,
Pa.) to be a member of the US
delegation to the Int’l Labor Or
ganization’s Geneva meeting.
No one doubted that the leader
of the House floor fight against
the Taft-Hartley like Wood bill
was an excellent choice. But the
House Labor Committee, which
must report out minimum wage
and FEPC legislation as well as
Taft-Hartley repeal is split 13 to
12 on all key issues. With Kelley,
a bulwark of the pro-labor bloc,
absent from June 1 to July 6 none
of them can be reported out.
Kelley’s statement that he has
an agreement with Truman and
with Committee Chairman John
Lesinski (D, Mich.) to return on a
moment’s notice if his vote is need
ed only partially quieted the com-
Election of national officials
also held at this meeting with a
better than average turnout on
hand to vote,
is a
It was a pleasure to have
Hugh Church as a visitor. He
member of Local Union 196
widely known throughout the
New York (LPA)—Despite their
victory by a nine-to-one margin in
an NLRB election in January,
members of the American News
paper Guild last week were forced
to strike four syndicate affiliates
of North American Newspaper Al
Contract negotiations with
NANA have been going on ever
since the Guild won the NLRB
vote, but without success. Column
ists Drew Pearson, Dorothy
Thompson and Billy Rose are
among those distributed by the
ment on his appointment. Republi
can leaders called it a Truman
move to keep the Taft-Hartley
issue alive for the 1950 election
Democrats answered that the
Republicans could deprive the
Democratic party of this advant
age any thime they’re willing to
vote T-H repeal in the present Con
Meeting in Cleveland last week
the AFL executive council reiterat
ed its demand for repeal of the
anti-union law, and the enactment
of the Thomas-Lesinski bill with
out substantial change.
After a council session President
William Green told reporters that
the AFL is willing to accept a few
minor amendments to the Wagner
act reenstatement bill. The AFL is
standing firm, he emphasized in its
objections to so-called national em
ergency strike injunctions. Green
said that the AFL approves the
suggestion that the President be
empowered to seize and operate
struck plants if they are essential
to the public health and safety.
A similar statement was issued
by the CIO executive board during
its Washington meeting. It too at
tacked the Wood bill and Sen.
Robert A. Taft’s (R, Ohio) propos
(Turn to Page Two)
Erwin Local Lists
Their Delegates
For ’49 Convention
Erwin, Tenn.—Local Union 108
has been having some very inter
esting meetings with never a dull
moment from the minute the meet
ing gets underway until the pres
ident’s rap of the gavel calling foi
adjournment. The ei£ht-hour shift
on one kiln is still an outstanding
topic for discussion but we have
hopes for an early settlement of
this controversy without any hard
Brother Larry Finlay and- two of
his workers paid us a visit on May
10, the day we held our election. It
is very good to read their reports
and digest them thoroughly. We
hope everyone in the trade would
do so and then realize how much
we have at stake and go down the
road with the policy of the Nation
al Brotherhood of Operative Pot
ters and carry out the mandates of
our conventions.
We have been working slow and
can understand how our brothers
in other potteries felt after the
war rush caught up with them.
Our earnest hope is we soon go
back to steady work so we won’t
have to move from one job to an
We had a very spirited argu
ment over the number of delegates
to send to the convention. Some
proposed ten and some half that
number. We elected the following
five with the door open for more if
our treasury will stand it, Sam
Tipton, John McFadden, M. B.
Laws, Elmer Bailey and William J.
Campbell. —O.C. 103
Union Would Sign
Up Workers In
New Launderettes
Chicago (LPA)—A new kind of
technological competition the
automatic “Launderettes” now dot
ting the cities of the nation—has
the Laundry Workers’ Int’l Union
AFL worried.
At the union’s quadrennial inter
national convention here, President
Sam J. Byers described the Laun
derettes to which housewives
bring their bundles and drop a
quarter in automatic machines—as
a serious threat to the laundry in
Byers urged an organizing drive
to bring the employes of these
establishments under the union
banner, so that decent wages and
working conditions can be negoti
ated for them.
If the operators are at least
compelled to pay union wages and
have union conditions, their com
petition with the laundry industry
will be on a fairer basis, Byers
Byers also called upon trade
unionists to prepare now for the
1950 congressional elections.
“We must support the men who
represent our point of view and
oppose those who do not,” he said.
“If we elect a reactionary Con
gress next year many of the gains
we have been talking about will be
Plans Drafted To
Oust Communists
Cleveland (LPA)—As yet undis
closed plans were drafted last week
by the AFL executive council and
representatives of the Canadian
Trades A Labor Council for a
crack-down on Communist opera
tors inside the Canadian affiliate
of the AFL.
Percy Bengough, president of the
CTLC said that he was “well
pleased” with the AFL’s under
standing of CTLC’s desire to re
tain its autonomy, and agreed with
the executive council members that
a vigorous campaign against the
Moscow muscle men in Canada
must be launched.
President David Dubinsky of the
Int’l Ladies Garment Workers
Union and President George Har
rison of the Brotherhood of Rail
way Clerks, whose Canadian locals
have taken the lead in the anti
totalitarian fight, expressed satis
faction with the agreement reach
ed with the Canadians.
Still unsettled however is the
warfare between the Seafarers
Int’l Union-AFL and the Canadian
Seamens Union, a Communist-led
affiliate of the CTLC. Altho un
willing to commit themselves now
to dropping the CSU and admitt
ing the SIU, the Canadian leaders
said that the GSU seems to be fall
ing apart, and should no longer
present major problems to either
CTLC or the AFL.
The theme of our exhibit was
the promotion of American-made
pottery products in contrast to
similar products made under cheap
labor and, in some cases, the slave
labor conditions of foreign coun
tries, and thereby stabilize the in
dustry and make more secure the
job opportunities of the American
The potters’ display in this great
industrial exhibit was greater than
ever before. The centralized loca
tion of our booth was the most ad
vantageous from every’ viewpoint.
Our decorations were beautiful and
many were the expressions of ad
miration as the crowds passed
through the show. People seemed
to find only one word in telling us
what they thought when they saw
pottery ware being processed from
the raw stages to the finT red pro
duct before their eyes— "lx’s fac
cinating.” And they meant it, for
they lingered and no one operation
had a monopoly on the crowd’s in
The exhibitors themselves, vet
erans of many such affairs, freely
conceded us the palm and many
them want to be located as near as
poasibie to us at the show next
year when it is to be held at Phil
adelphia, coining their phrase,
“where the potters are, that’s
where the crowd is greatest”
And that is not surprising for
we have the oldest trade in the
world to show them. Our product
is a necessity in every household.
We can bring utility as well as
beauty into even the humblest
home and, we have the craftman
ship here in America to meet the
demands of even those of most dis
criminating taste in the ceramic
We must also not overlook the
fact we have been woefully negli
gent in our efforts to inform the
American public about it and this
has resulted in foreign-made wares
finding such a ready market here.
We have for a great many years
permitted importers to sell the
American public a lot of foreign
names. Their advertising has kept
those names before our people con
stantly and we have done very
little to combat them.
It is not surprising that even our
legislators have swallowed the
propaganda and done little to help
us when we seek aid by legislation.
The time is at hand to wake up and
fight these enemies through the
combined efforts of the N.B. of O.P.
and the U.S.P.A. not overlooking
any opportunity to tell the Ameri
can people what a splendid thing
they have in the American Pottery
Industry. We taught the public
many things at Cleveland and by
the same token they called to our
attention many irregularities, such
as American pottery cannot be had,
and for that reason had to push the
sale of foreign-made wares.
The writer was asked in many,
many instances, “In what stores
can we buy your products?” My
only retort to such inquiry was to
inform them that if our products
Paris (LPA)—Democratic trade
unions thruout Europe welcomed
this week the news that the Am
erican AFL and CIO are going to
be cooperating in the establishment
of a new world federation of dem
ocratic unions. It’s long overdue,
they feel.
Just last week several more na
tional trade union movements took
positive steps towards breaking
with the World Federation of
Trade Unions, under Communist
control since .the withdrawal of the
American, British and Dutch
The Norwegian Federation of
Labor’s executive body—the secre
tariat—wrote its constituent unions
asking authority to leave the
WFTU and work with other demo
cratic labor movements to estab-
Crowds Marvel as Potters
Display Skills at Union
Label Show In Cleveland
It would take a very gifted writer using all the adjectives at his
command to properly describe the A. F. L. Union Industries Show which
closed at the Ch -eland Auditorium on Sunday evening, May 22. Thef
writer in his hun.^.e opinion wi.. e:.ueavor to give the members through-*
out the trade his viewpoint of the giant spectacle.
It was by far the large yet staged r»y the A. F. of L., exceeding?
the exhibit in St. Louis in 1947 and Milwaukee in 1948. It just had to
be seen to be appn ated, and fortunat \, several of our employers as
well as many members of the Brotherhood avail'd themselves of the
opportunity to see just what the National Brotherhood of Operative
Potters is doing to make secure*------------------------------
the American market for union could not be bought at the May
potters and their employers.
The crowds as usual were enor
mous with an estimated attendance
of 60,000 people in the evening on
the third day of the show and the
attendance on the other four days
matching that figure.
.: s^
$2.00 PER YEAR
CompjH y or Higbees, take thist
pamphlet listing the name of the
.muf. turers and drop a card and
they will be glad to send you the
Maybe that potential buyer will
go to all that trouble, but the pro-
bability is that he will not and w ill
buy the first thing that looks good,
regardless whether it is American
made or the product of a foreign
manufacturer. Only one of our
manufacturers gave us the name
of his Cleveland outlet and the ap
proximate price of the set .to be
had on display, but there was not
a single arti on display that did.
not excite admiration by some
people every day.
What pleased one was not al
ways pleasing to others and the
old adage, “Beauty is in the eye
of the beholder” was definitely
proved to us time after time. Every
manufacturer had his product ap
proved by the o.g segment of the
buying public. Time after time we
were asked, “Where Is Your Union
Label?” Only one manufacturer
had so stamped his product.
If it so happens that this article
is read by any of our employers,
(and the writer is sincerely hope
ful that it will be) let me inform
them they are certainly missing a
lot there, for the Union Label is a
definite guarantee that your pro
ducts are American-made by the
most highly skilled craftsmen. It’s
our pjcket line—ifs equally as i
beneficial to the- employer as well
a» the employees?
The writer had the pleasure of
addressing the Executive Council
of the Women’s Auxiliary of the
A. F. of L. unions while in Cleve
land. These ladies represent 250,000
wives and daughters of union mem
bers in the United States and they
are growing all the time in num
bers. We have their assurance they
will make every effort possible to
further the sale of American-made
The potters display was tele
vised over a national hookup and
we know from the many messages
received it was seen over most of
the country and was most pleasing.
As the workers performed their
tasks before the camera, the story
of what they were doing was being
told as well as the superiority of
American-made products stressed.
People from all over the state of
Ohio on the following nights told
us they had seen us on television
and they just had to come and see
it for themselves.
All other television broadcasts
during the show were local in
scope, but our exhibition was so
interesting that we were chosen
for a nation wide broadcast and
were actually on the air for 21
minutes. That in itself is very
great evidence of the tremendous
interest shown in our display.
We feel we’ve done a lot for the
industry and none of the time and
effort was wasted. While the cost
was considerable, the money could
not have been better spent.
Great credit is due our national
officials who planned the exhibit
and our members who had a part
in it. Everyone did his or her part
to make it a brilliant success in
presenting to the American public,
the story of the American potter.
European Unions Ready
For New World Federation
lish a new world body.
In Sweden, the Metal Workers
Union, largest in the country, re
jected an invitation from the
WFTU to participate in a meeting
designed to set up a rival organ
ization to the Int’l Metalworkers
Federation, whose executive com
mittee recently met in Washington
in the headquarters of the Ameri
can Int’l Association of Machinists.
Also, last week the Belgian Fed
eration of Labor (FGTB) summon
ed a special convention to meet on
May 29 to disaffiliate from the
WFTU and authorize FGTB coop
eration in the June 26 meeting in
Switzerland which is designed to
lay the ground work for a new
world federation of free unions.
FGTB general secretary Louis
(Turn to Page Two),

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