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4 I 4 1 i 'e. Is Atomic Energy Commission, Not Just Personnel, Should Many trade unionists are dis turbed by the sweeping charges of mismanagement lodged against the Atomic Energy Commission and its chairman, David Lilienthal, by Sen. Bourke Hickenlopper (R, Iowa). Lilienthal, formerly head of TVA, won the friendship of Ameri can labor in that job by the intel ligence and integrity with which he guided TVA’s development, and by the genuinely democratic man ner in which he administered the authority’s labor relations. The success of TVA made Lili ienthal enemies as well as friends. Power company heads and bigoted politicians have on several occas ions tried to label him a “red”, and have even whispered anti-semitic insults about him in Congressional lobbies. When the atomic energy act was being debated in Congress two is sues were spotlighted: civilian ver sus military control, and the ex tent to which the government would direct the operation of atomic energy plants and experi ments. Labor and liberal forces scored a notable victory for civilian control. A few conservative senators like Tiickenlopper and Vandenberg lined up with labor on the issue. Clearly some sort of compro mise between the advocates of complete governmental operation of atomic energy plants and the ad vocates of private development of the new power source was requir ed. The bill that finally emerged may have erred in the direction of giving excessive scope to private corporations within the set-up. Only very large corporations like American Carbon A Carbide, and American Smelting A Refining had the personnel, the capital, and the experience necessary to participate —under Atomic Energy commis sion regulation—in the program. One result of this, many obser vers think, has been that in some ways these corporations have be come the masters rather than the servants of A EC. This is particu larly true in the field of labor re lations. Some AEC officials will admit— off the record at least—that they are disappointed in the union-man agement pattern in most atomic energy installations. But, they say, in this area Carbide and the other big firms have them under their thumbs. A great many trade union ists ifi“Oar Ridge are “burned up” at the pushing around they’ve been taking from the companies, and at AEC’s inability to do anything about it. Much of the fault lies in the basic legislation. The congression al investigators of AEC should be receptive to criticisms of this leg islative framework within which Lilienthal and his colleagues have had to work. They should not spend their whole time trying to draft a bill of indictment against a con scientious public servant, nor make the narrower aspects of security their sole concern. Trainmen Sign T-H Affidavits We’re eating humble pie,” said Whitney, long a forthright critic of the section of T-H which re quires these oaths from anti-Com munist officers. “We’fe forced to sign in order to protect the interests of 16,000 members now working on bus lines,” he explained. The bulk of BRI** 215,000 members who work on the railroads aren’t affected by Tuft-Hartley. They come under the Nat’l Railway Labor Act. Whitney emphasised that sign ing the non-CP statements would n’t less BBT’s opposition to Taft Hartley in the slightest. Attempts by rival unions to raid BRT locals are the cause of the BRT*s signing the T-H affidavits, Whitney disclosed. If BRT officials didn’t comply with the anti-union act’s provi i »n the competing union would have the NLRB bargaining agent ballot to itself. Be Investigated b— ....... Southern Coal Talks Delayed Washington (LPA) United Mine Workers President John L. Lewis and Joseph Moody, head of the Southern Coal Producers Ass’n returned to Washington last week from Bluefield, W. Va., with no progress to report from their con tract talks. On the eve of the Bluefield meeting two mine owners’ groups which had been affiliated to SCPA, and two other large operators, an nounced that they have revoked the bargaining authorizations pre viously given Moody. UAW district leaders reported that other coal owners were about to take the same step. Lewis declared that the SCPA is “falling apart” and insisted upon adjourning the negotiations for a week while the conference’s cred entials committee found out just how many mines Moody represent ed. CAPTIVE MINES CONTRACT HIT Washington (LPA) The NLRB, by a unanimous vote, last week voided the union shop clause in the United Mine Workers contract with steel companies’ “captives mines.” A union shop is legal under Taft-Hartley only if the union has filed non-Communist, affi davits. This the UMW has re fused to do. The contract, which expires June 30, says that Its provisions will stand unless overturned by the “court of last resort”—presum ably the US Supreme Court. The NLRB, however, said that the union must not con tinue enforcing the contract, and said that it must not en courage a strike to keep the union shop. He warned Moody not to resort to his last year’s performance of forcing the UMW to meet with him under threat of a Taft-Hartley injunction. Lewis emphasized that he is not refusing to bargain, but simply wants to be sure who Moody speaks for. In Pittsburgh, Harry Moses, pre sident of the US Steel subsidiary H. C. Frick Co. announced that he is willing to discuss a new contract for the captive mines. He said that the steel combines would prefer to wait until after UAW has finished bargaining with northern commer cial coal operators, but will consent to an earlier meeting if UMW in sists. Meanwhile, the steel companies are piling up coal stock piles of 60 to 70 days supply, for use in case of a strike. On one point at least coal owners all over the country seem to bo united. Northern, southern, and western mine owners last week ap peared in Washington to lobby against a Senate Labor Committee bill which would put teeth in the federal mines safety law. Scribe Cites Pro A. of Cleveland (LPA)—President F. Whitney and other officers the Brotherhood of Railroad Train men last week reluctantly signed the non-Communist affidavits re quired by the Taft-Hartley law of unions who have to do business with the NLRB. (Continued From Page One) as president of the Trenton Potter ies Company, his judgment and fair consideration of the worker’s problems will long be remembered. Bro. Henry Krewinski was ap pointed to the committee which is meeting with Local 49's committee to settle the affiliation of the in spectors which we hope will be achieved without further delay. We would also like to take this oppor tunity to compliment the O.C. from Local 49 for the very interesting letter in last week's Herald. Nomination for local officers will be held at our meetings on June 10 and 17, with the election to take place at the following meeting on June 24. Should a change in our By-Laws be endorsed by the local on its third meeting of the Kith, all members not voting are subject to a $1.00 fine. —O.C. 45 Let’s start something during Union Label Week that adds to the Union Label's popularity. The time is September 3rd through the 10th—the place is in your own locality! Money Loaned FOB PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT OF HOMES 5% Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON 4 BROADWAY EAST UVEBPOOL OHIO OFFICERS: JOHN J. PURINTON, President ALWYN C. PUMNTON, SoaMorr CHAS. W. BENDERSHOT* JOS. M. BLAZES. Tmaaaaw Vloa PrMidaat W. R. DUNLAF. HL. AHmmy Professor, Haber Receives Annual American ORT Award William Haber, Professor of Economics at the University of Michi gan, left, receives the first Annual American ORT Award from Julius Hochman, Vice-President of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union. The Award was presented to Dr. Haber at the National Conven tion held by American ORT Federation, May 21 at the Hotel Roosevelt, New York City, in recognition of his outstanding activities in the field of reconstruction and rehabilitation. Until recently. Dr. Haber served as General Clay’s adviser on Jewish affairs in the U. 8. Zone of Germany. LEGISLATIVE NEWS FROM OHIO STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR I-------------------------------- 07 It is with great satisfaction that I am able to report to you that AM. H. B. 531 (Workmen’s Com pensation) passed the Ohio Senate on May 24 by a vote of 27-0. As the bill passed the House on April 22 by a 122-0 vote, it now only needs the Governor’s signature to become law. ______ ____________ By PHIL.HANNAH The passage of AM. H. B. 581 represents the greatest legislative advancement in workmen’s com pensation since the beginning of the law in 1912. It means addi tional millions of dollars in pay ments of workers’ claims. The most important changes in the law are ns follows: Maximum weekly compensation to be increased from $25 to $30 a week in all kind of claims. This in cludes cases of temporary total dis ability, permanent total disability, permanent partial disability, in cluding cases of earning capacity, under the schedule, such as loss of leg, ey®, etc. cases coming under section 1465-80b, under which de termination is made of the perman ent partial disability suffered by an injured worker, who has not lost a member of the body by am putation or other causes. impairment in cases coming The number of weeks allowed for loss of arm are increased from 215 to 225 weeks for loss of hand from 165 to 175 weeks for loss of foot from 140 to 150 weeks for loss of leg from 190 to 200 weeks. Arti ficial teeth will be repaired or re placed if damaged in course of employment. The maximum amount of com pensation in temporary total dis ability cases is raised from $4, 200.00 to $6,000,000. The maximum amount of compensation that can be awarded in partial disability claims is increased from $6,000.00 to $7,500.00. The hill also provides 25 weeks for total loss of hearing. This is an entirely new provision End Logjam Of Rail Grievances Chicago (LPA)—After a long tug of war over a mountain of un settled grievances, five Railroad Brotherhoods and representatives of the nation’s railroads reached an agreement here on a plan to clean up the backlog. represent employes and yard The five Brotherhoods over 350,090 “operating” —those in train, engine services—and nearly 3,000 of the grievances of their members are piled up before the Nat’l Railroad Adjustment Board. That’s the board which* passes on grievances and other workers’ claims which the parties are unable to settle on each railroad. At its present pace, the board would need four years to dispose of the 3,000 cases. Because of that logjam, the unions for some tjme have been refusing to send more rases to the hoaid. Instead, they have demanded settlements on each railroad—and, failing in that, they have at ruck or threatened to strike. As a result, in the past few years more strikes have occurred in tho “operating” crafts than in any pre vious comparable period. Under the new agreement be tween the unions and railroads, two supplemental boards are to be set up within the Adjustment Board—each make up of an equal number of representatives of both sides—to dig into the pending grievances and cut down the log jam. The agreement also provide. for streamlined procedures to speed up decisions. Purchases of Union Label goods are the fruits of collective bargain ing. They’ll ripen during Union Label Week! -L S. B. 134, Disability Insurance, providing for a commission to study plans to pay workers bene fits who are sick or disabled, has passed both Houses of the General Assembly and now awaits the Gov ernor’s signature to become law. The^ommission will study the pro blem created by temporary employ ment, due to disability or sickness incurred outside one’s employment, or while unemployed, and there fore not compensable under pre sent workmen’s compensation laws. It will also study ways of setting up a temporary disability unem ployment insurance fund in the state. Your Legislative Agent views the passage of this import ant bill with great satisfaction, be lieving it to be the beginning of valuable legislation for the work ers of Ohio. Big Brewers In The Chips New York (LPA)—The nation’s big brewers aren’t suffering any from this spring’s falling off in business. Figures released this week show that the four biggest beer producers’ earnings are 62 to 138% above the first quarter of 1949. Tightening consumer purchasing power, in fact, has helped the vat masters. Consumption of “hard liquor” has fallen off, and the faithful Beer drinkers are doing more of thejr guzzling at home, less in bars than a year ago. This gives an advantage over the local breweries, most of whose business comes from bars and restaurants. Publicity Given (Continued From Page One) usefulness.” Mr. Edward Mamrack, Cleveland, Ohio. “Words cannot express my ap preciation for the beautiful set of dinnerware and I am expressing the thoughts of numerous people I talked with in Cleveland, that the Potters’ display, topped them all.” Mrs. James Baker, Tiffin, Ohio. Keep Eye On (Continued From Page One) the musicians and the Taft-Hartley act. “Both of those notorious laws constitute barefaced attempts to rescue special interests at the ex pense of the workers of this coun try,” Green asserted. "I assure you the AFL will never cease fighting until both of those obnoxious laws are repealed.” Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO in the law. The rehabilitation bene fits have been increased from $15.00 to $20.00 a week for 52 weeks. The maximum weekly compensa tion in death claims is increased to $30 a week and the maximum amount of compensation in death claims is raised from $7500.00 to $8000.00. The allowance for funer al expenses is raised from $250.00 to $300.00. Employees who are affected by silicosis and want to change to other employment under AM. H. B. 531, will be paid $20 a week for 30 weeks, whether they work or not during such 30 weeks, and compensation up to $20 a week for an additional 75 weeks while pre paring or training for some other suitable employment. The thanks of your Legislative Agent go to each of you for sup port in bringing about these sub stantial improvements in the law. Thousands upon thousands of workers,1 their dependents and their survivors will greatly, bene-* fit from the new provisions.1 Delegates To 1949 Convention Local Unldn 4, CasteYS, East Liv erpool—Fletcher Williams, Garvin Burgess, George Brunt, Cecil Cal houn. .-1 .. Local Union 5, Generalware, Evansville, Ind.—Henry Schnautz. Local Union 6, Chinaware, Wheeling, W. Va.—Joe Slater, George Frederick. Local Union 7, Sanitary, Tiffin, O.—A. F. Talbot, Hubert Fisher, Alton Raudebaugh, Walter Bone ham, Kenneth Morrison. Local Union 9, Kilnmen, East Liverpool—Luther Hough, Albert Dray, Roy Broadbent, Laurence Brown. Local Union 10, Turners and Handlers, East Liverpool—Alfred Cartwright, Fred H. McGillivray, Sidney Young. Local Union 12, Jiggermen, East Liverpool—Larry Finlay, Luther Hall, Guy Digman. Local Union 17, Kilndrawers, East Liverpool, Charles Boso, William Cox. Local Union 18, Dippers, East Liverpool—Edward McDevitt. Local Union 20, Generalware, Steubenville, 0.—David Cushnie, James Gouker. Local Union 21, Claymakers, East Liverpool—Earl Cox, Oliver Fulmer. 4 Local Union 22, Mouldmakers, East Liverpool—Alfred Ferber. Local Union 24, Chinaware, Wellsville, O.—Sam Lawton, Ralph Pickens, George Salsberry, Fred Leughmyer. Local Union 25, Packers, East Liverpool—I. H. Crawford. Local Union 31, Generalware, East Palestine, Q.—Claude Beight, Leman Shaffer, Russell Biggins. Local Union 33, Chinaware, Beaver Falls, Pa. Bradford M. Townsend, Lloyd E. Cook, Curtis W. Hutzley, Chester J. Fisher. Local Union 35, Chinaware, Trenton, N. J.—John Briel, Doro thy Bissett, Fred Perdunn, Joseph Brown. Local Union 42, Generalware, Salem, O.—P. K. Laughlin, Albert Kenst, Robert Morrow, William Stark. Local Union 44, Clayworkers, Setring, O.—John Hamilton, J. I. Sullivan, Phil Schroeder, Carman Workman, Michael Conny, Bruce Miskelly. Local Union 45, Sanitary, Tren ton, N. J.—George Pearson, Jr., Joseph Abrams, George Smith, Elijah Watson, Lance Ansell. .Local Union 49, Mixed, Trenton, N. J.—Leslie Schek, A. J. Hassall. 1 J.ocal Union 51, Generalware, Canonsburg, Pa.-*-Wallace Green, John Mamrack, C. M. Wright, Stewart Chambers. Local Union 53, Finishers, East Liverpool—Erma Fox, Vida Ben ner. Local Union 59, Kilmen, Dippers and Saggermakers, Sebring, O.— Russell Sanders, Frank Applegate, William Cranston, Clyde E. Booth, Frank Buehler. Local Union 66, Generalware, Crooksville, O.—Lewis Wilson, James Batstone. Local Union 70, Generalware, Minerva, O.—Glen Haines, Syl vanus DeBee, John Rourke, Abe Edwards, Martha Cole. Local Union 75, Generalware, Coshocton, O.—Arthur D. Howe. Local Buffalo, Edward Union 76, Chinaware, N. Y.—Dorothy Donovan, Schuster. Union 86, Warehousemen, Local East Liverpool Roland Edgar, Gus Sharkey, Wilf ord Reeves, Har old Palmer, James Wilson. Local Union 94, Warehouse women, East Liverpool—Mary Mc Gown, Mildred Johnson, Dora Koenig. 98, Chinaware, Va.—Elva Gough, Local Union Grafton, W. Floyd Lisk. 99, Chinaware, Local Union Clarksburg, W. Va.—Ben Flannery, John Fazio, David Bevan, Robert Allison, Richard Frye, Harry Hood. Local Union 103, Generalware, Erwin, Tenn. John McFadden, Sam Tipton, William Campbell, M. H. Laws, Elmer Bailey, Francis J. Sanders, Kelly Banner. Local Union 104, Chinaware, Falls Creek, Pa.—Sam Allison, James Hindeliter. Local Union 113, Generalware, Huntington Park, Calif. Basil Endres, Richard J. Jenkins. Generalware: Willis, Jess Local Union 116, Lincoln, Ill.—Bessie Sampson, Glen Hale. General ware O. Mary Local Union 121, Decorators, Sebring, Ellen Govern, Thelma Craven. Inez McGowan, Local Union 124, Decorators and Decorating Kilnmen, East Liver pool—E. C. Armstrong, Allan Rose, Walter Daniels, Barbara Walker, Fred Mountford, Norman Whip pier, Anthony Wynn, Geneva Covert, Margaret Curley, Eva Ross Local Union 130, Kilnfiremen, Helpers and Trackmen, East Liver l»ool—Arthur Parrish. Local Union 131, Battersout and Mouldrunners, East Liverpool— James Bennett, John Gilmore, Alice Seevers. LLocal Union 132, Handle, Casters apd Finishers, East Liverpool— Opal Landfried. Local Union 133, Sanitary. New Castle, Pa.—James Million, John Popovich. Ar- Local Union 140, Porcelain, East Liverpool—Lloyd Densmore. Local Union 141, Oddmen and Laborers, East Liverpool—Dellwyn S. Fryan. Local Union 146, Generalware, Paden City, W. Va.—George Hat horn, Gus Belmont, William Krebs. Local Union 148, (mixed), East Liverpool—James F. Barnhart. Local Union 174, Sanitary, Metu chen, N. J.—Donley Jones, George Bondies. Local Union 150, Stoneware and Artware, Red Wing, Minn.—George Eichinger. Local Union 155, Underglaze Decorators, East Liverpool—Hilda Richmond, Vera McKenzie. Local Union 172, Maintenance Men, East Liverpool—George Cros sen, Clarence Durbin, Emmet Blake. Local Union 175, Sanitary, Tren ton, N. J.—Louis Coppola, Nicholas Petro, W. E. Clawges. Local Union 178, Artware, Se bring, O.—Leslie Hawk, Harold Agnew, John Hotchkiss. Local Union 183, Generalware, Los Angeles, Calif.—Stanley Lyle. Local Union 184, Chinaware, Trenton, N. J.—Arthur Devlin. Local Union 201, Chinaware, Huntington Park, Calif.—Theodore Dowd, Felix Zuvernich. Local Union 211, Artware, Crooksville, O.—Edward Stockdale. Rent Boosts Still (Continued From Page One) lifted after a vote of the city coun cil. Unionists in that city took an active part in the city council open hearing, despite a round of boos from the landlord-packed room. Under the law, the council is re quired to find that the housing shortage has been substantially met, as the grounds for decontrol. The local AFL’s brief presented to the council shot holes thru the landlords’ arguments, but persuad ed only two councilmen. The unions, checking the landlords’ claims found that they’d listed vac ancies at non-existent addresses, and in one case had listed three vacancies where only one existed. Most of the accommodations listed by the landlords as for rent turn ed out to be actually for sale only, the unions told the council. Other city councils voting de control last week include: Camden, Ark., Artesia, N. M., Electra, Tex., Chickasaw, Okla., Chanute, Kans., Ascarate, Tex. Earlier, the state legislature had decontrolled all of Nebraska, effective Nov. 1. During Union Label Week, spear head the nation-wide campaign with an oath to buy only from firms which display the Union Label, Shop Card or Union Button. They form the target for the drive. Hdimes Man ELECTRIC HOME FREEZER TEN 122, Generalware, James Coffey, Local Union Cambridge, O. Frank Campbell, George Savage, Roland Talbott, Dan Killinger. per cent is a nice big saving—but fam ilies with home freezers often save that much and a good deal more. On the average, experts tell us, waste and spoilage claim 10% of the food Americans buyl An electric homo freezer cuts that waste to the bone. You buy in larger quantities and that saves you even more (besides cutting down trips to the stores!). Best of all, homo freezers bring better eating all year 'round. Tuck foods away when they're cheap emd plentiful fool your budget by serving thorn as out-of-soason luxuries lator onl Electric dealers are now showing homo freez ers in sizes for families large and small. OHIO POWER* of In A Dither Over ECA Labor Appointments By WILLIAM C. GAUSMANN Washington (LPA)—The august Journal of Commerce, one of big business’ favorite newspapers, is all up in the air over the appoint ment of two trade unionists as Economic Cooperation Administra tion mission chiefs in Europe. Without giving any evidence or names the of asserts that mem bers of the mission staffs in Nor way and Sweden will resign in pro test against having to work under trade unionists. That there will be some resignations among business men on ECA jobs in Europe is cer tain. Many of them stipulated when they took the government as signments that .they’d only serve for one year. the past month John AFL man, and Michael CIO official, were ap head the ECA missions Within Gross, an Harris, a pointed to in Norway and Sweden. Gross had been labor advisor to the Norweg ian mission, and Harris the labor man in the French mission. Published statements of officials of the Norwegian government hail ing Gross’ boost into the top spot refute of C’s slur that the two Scandinavian labor governments didn’t welcome the appointment of Gross and Harris. Harris’ appoint ment was announced less than two weeks ago, and reactions by the Swedes have not yet reached the US. When I was in Paris several months ago, David Bruce, chief of the ECA mission in France at that time, now US ambassador to France, indicated that he consider ed Harris one of the most able peo ple with whom he had ever worked. On only one count does the of story make sense. The paper as serts that ECA European Chief W. Averell Harriman was the moving spirit behind the appointment of the union men. Harriman has been unstinting in his praise of the work of Gross and Harris, and of Thursday, June 9, 1949 High School Students Get AFL Scholarships Portland (LPA)—The winners of three $500 scholarship, awarded annually to high school students by labor in the state, will receive their prizes at the Oregon State Federation of Labor convention in Eugene on June 20. Two of the scholarships were awarded directly by the federation and the third was given by the Oregon Joint Council of Teamsters. All go to high school students. Written examinations on “Indus trial Relations and the History of the American Labor Movement” held in 52 high schools thruout the state drew upwards of 240 stud ents. Judges were some of the state’s leading educators. The winners are: Roderick S. French, La Grande Alice Maier, Eugene and Philip Johnson, Salem. Three alternates will receive cash awards of $50 each. the other AFL and CIO men who are serving as labor advisors to the various recovery missions. We are equipped reader complete Funer al and Ambiance Ser vice, Promptly. MARTIN Funeral Home 141 W. mb M. PHONE MS Lkeouo FOR A CHANGE, SERVE BETSY ROSS SLICED VIENNA Enriched with Vitamin and Iron fifed er roconr a Always Prepared for Unexpected Guests! Stews meat pies turkey soups—prepare your favorite diskoe in double or triple quanti ties and freeze the extras! That way you're always prepared for a party on short notice. Even sand wiches, cakes, pies, and ice cream can bo kept constantly on hand in a homo freezer. Yes, a home freezer saves you embarrassment when folks drop In unexpected and it saves you work and money, too!