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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, July 14, 1949, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-07-14/ed-1/seq-6/

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Dover, Del. (LPA)—The story of*
the repeal of Delaware’s “little
Taft-Hartley law” is as fantastic a
yarn as ever emerged from the
halls of a state capital.
Delaware voters indicated that
they wanted the measure—about
the worst of the state anti-labor
laws—repealed when last Novem
ber they elected a Democratic gov
ernor who had promised to erase
But, the state’s districting laws
resulted in a one vote Republican
majority in both houses of the
state legislature—18 to 17 in the
House, nine to eight in the Senate.
This January four GOP mem
bers of the lower house voted with
the Democrats for repeal. But the
reactionary labor committee of the
Senate bottled up the measure.
Finally the Senate, by a nine to
eight vote, brought it to the floor.
At this point the DuPont control
led lobbyists went to work on the
legislators. Failing to break the
pro-labor majority in the Senate
they “put the heat” on the Repub
lican members of the lower house,
reunited them, and had them vote
18 to 17 to “recall” the bill.
The Senate, however, refused to
send the measure back. But State
Senator James S. Evans of Wilm
ington, chairman of the Senate
Labor Committee, pocketed the of
ficial draft of th’’ bill and slipped
it to. the Republican clerk of the
When the Senate demanded its
Return the House refused, and took
the position that without the ori
ginal bill in its possession the Sen
ate couldn’t take final action on it.
The Senators, however, wrote
out a “duplicate bill”, passed it,
and sent it to Gov. Elbert N. Car
vel. He promptly signed the “dup
licate”, in the presence of repre
sentatives of the state AFL and
CIO and the railroad brotherhoods.
Carvel and Delaware union men
insist the bill is repealed once and
for all. Some of the reactionary
legislators are threatening to put
the case before the courts, but
labor and its friends are convinced
that no court will uphold the side
which tried to “kidnap” a bill.
Philadelphia (LPA) Members
of the unaffiliated Shipworkers
Union, Local 1 last week voted in
favor of affiliation with the Bro
therhood of Boilermakers-A FL.
The union which severed its affil
iation with the CIO last September
charge its International, the In
dustrial Union of Marine & Ship
building Workers, with trying to
form a catch-all union.
Give Your House
That Appearance
With Coolness
And It Need
Not Be
John. Greta, Betty, Jack
Co 5s
Mass. Labor Tells
How To Beat Anti
Union State Laws
Boston (LPA)—The Massachus
etts trade union movement—united
last year in its electoral work—last
week published a pamphlet “The
Massachusetts Story,” describing
how it beat three anti-union pro
positions, which the local tones
tried to get on the statute books
via a referendum last November.
Key to the victory was the work
of the U-----
Mass., of which the AFL, CIO,
major unaffiliated unions and the
liberal organization Americans for
Democratic Action are members.
Active support was secured from
two veterans’ organizations—the
American Veterans Committee and
the Jewish War Veterans for the
“Vote No” campaign. The Frater
nal Order of Eagles also pitched
United Labor Committee of
First big success of the fight to
beat the “little Taft-Hartley” pro
positions was the ULC’s registra
tion campaign, which increased the
number of voters in the state by
about 300,000.
Posters, radio programs, leaflets,
mass meetings, newspaper ads,
house to house canvasses and the
final drive to get the voters to the
polls all played their part in labor’s
Statements opposing the vindic
tive measure were obtained from
the outstanding labor arbitrators
in the state, and some even from
business men. They showed the
voters that anti-labor laws are
harmful -to the whole state, not
just to union members.
Altho the ULC’s campaign was
concentrated on defeating the re
ferendum questions it had a num
ber of significant by-products. Not
only tiid President Truman and the
statewide ticket which supported
him win by handsome margins, but
two unexpected wins were chalked
up for pro-union contenders for
seats in Congress formerly held by
.Such winning campaigns cost
money. Last week the Mass. Citiz
ens League for Political Education
—the AFL’s political arm in the
state—revealed that it alune spent
over $100,000 on the driye.
Four Important
Treaties Adopted
At IL0 Meeting
Geneva (LPA)—The 82nd con
ference of the Int’l Labor Organ
ization, now a United Nations
agency, adjourned last week after
approving four important treaties
for the protection of labor. Rati
fication by governments of ILO
member countries is necessary to
put them into effect.
Adopted by the meeting, in which
AFL delegates played a prominent
part, were covenants providing:
1. Guarantees that private con
tractors working on government
projects pay the prevailing wage.
2. Curbing of excessive charges
by private employment agencies
and government regulation of their
8. International protection of the
interests of migratory workers.
4. Recognition of labor’s right to
freely organize for collective bar
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
Funeral Home are as
31% Were
215 We* Fifth Street
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
Phone Main 10
By A. C. Tuohy
The fact that the trade union
movement is now firmly woven
into the fabric of American
society cannot be attributed to
the support that it has receiv
ed from American newspapers
and the “moulders” of public
American trade unions grew
out of the need of the Ameri
can people. This need was suf
ficiently pressing to cause Am
erican workers to ignore the
prejudices that had been in
culcated by their newspapers
against trade unionism.
merely made the work of
union organizers mor^ dif
ficult. Perhaps an example will
demonstrate this fact.
More than six and a half
years ago the Associated Press
released a story
her newspapers
article appearing
to its mem
based on a
in the Akron
This story issued Jan. 21,
1943 (right in the middle of
the war) charged that “sick
Guadalcanal marines were
forced to unload their own
supplies when the National
Maritime Union crew of a
merchant ship refused to work
on Sunday because of union
regulations.” The story was
The delegation—a cross-section
of Norway’s labor movement—was
headed by Haakon Lie, secretary
of the Norwegiau Labor Party
and former labor attache of the
Norwegian embassy in Washing
ton. It toured this country under
auspices of the Economic Coopera
tion Administration, which admin
isters the Marshall Plan.
On its return to Norway, the
delegation put out its findings in
a 50,060-word report, and trans
lations have just been made avail
able here.
European lahor received the sur
prise of its life when President
Truman was re-elected last No
vember, with the help of organized
workers, the report declared.
“That surprise shows how far
the world had under-rated the
strength and fighting power of the
American labor movement,” the
report said. “Outside of the U. S.
many persons will have to revise
their views of the American labor
movement. If it is different from
the European labor organizations,
that does not by any means signify
it is weaker.”
One thing that puzzled the dele
gation is that the national labor
federations in this country—AVL
and CIO—cannot lay down bind
ing policies on their affiliates.
“The American trade union or
ganization is in a marked degree
federalistic and democratic,” the
report said.
It stressed, however, that “the
American trade unions are now
anchored deeply in American social
life” and that “many industries
have reached nearly 100 per cent
The Taft-Hartley Act, said the
report, has not yet “enslaved” Am
erican -unions nor hurt the unions
as much as Europeans thought it
would. Its major effect, according
to the report, has been to bring
days of defying Soviet occupation authorities, Berlin’s railway work
The kids you see here waving to them hope that the end of the Russian-
ers went back to work last week,
prolonged strike will mean more food for them and their families. But even tho the strike and the year
long Russian blockade of Berlin is over, most of the food for the people in west Berlin will come from the
US and England, not from the surrounding agricultural Russian zone of eastern Germany.
Trade Unions And The Press
alleged to have come from a
high “official” source in Wash
ington who was left anony
RIED in a number of news
papers including the New York
Evening Journal and the Chi
cago Tribune.
Appropriate headlines were
devised to put the “story”
across. Some of the more in
teresting ran as follows: “Ship
‘strike’ Ires Guadalcanal
Fighters” “Order Probe of
CIO Scandal in Guadalcanal”
“Marines Unload in CIO ‘Holi
day” “Labor Coddling Blam
ed for CIO Ship Scandal”
“House Inquiry Begun Into
Pacific Scandal.”
The reported story immedi
ately brought on a wave of in
vestigations, starting with thq
Navy and ending with a Con
gressional committee. All the
investigators branded the story
as a
itime Union has no such regu
lation against Sunday work.
falsehood. It was discov
that the incident never
place at all.- It was fur
discovered that the Mar-
THE union sued the Associ
ated Press for libel. This
month, six years later, the case
was settled out of court.
Washington (LPA)—The Ameri
can trade union movement is
stronger and more effective than
most Europeans have believed.
That’s one of the major conclus
ions reached by a delegation of
the Norwegian Federation of Labor
which recently spent weeks study
ing U. S. production processes and
the functioning of trade unions.
b--------------------------------- ——.—
“much more extensive political
activity in American trade union
There has been much distortion
of American living standards in
Europe, the report pointed out.
Communists have pictured condi
tions in the US as “wretched,”
while friends of America have ex
aggerated in the opposite direc
“The fact is that although the
standard of living for the major
ity of the American people is con
siderably higher than in any other
country, the streets are not paved
with gold either,” the report ex
It added, however, that “The
American worker is today the best
paid in the world” and that “his
purchasing power places him in a
class by himself.” However he
trails behind on such things as
social insurance, the report said.
The report was enthusiastic over
the Tennessee Valley Authority,
which the delegation visited.
"There, one can see with one’s own
eyes how planning and democracy
can be united,” the report said.
“People in all countries have some
thing to learn from the TVA.”
Summing up, the delegation de
clared that “a visit to the United
States gives one greater confidence
in the ability of democracy to solve
its problems.”
“The country is still wrestling
with many and great problems,”
the report said, “but it is moving
forward culturally, socially
,t The Associated Press and
some of its affiliated news
papers were forced to make
the usual retractions and to
make cash settlements rang
ing between $1,000 and $7,500.
No monetary victory, how
ever, can make up for the un
favorable impression the ori
ginal story created in the
minds of many readers. This
case is merely a more extreme
example of the shoddy treat
ment that trade unionism re
ceives at the hands, of news
paper editors.
Violence, union goon squads,
corruption, racketeering, are
always good for headlines.
The virtues of organized labor
are judged too dull and unin
teresting for scandal-crazy
American readers. Commu
nist labor leaders are better
known to the average Ameri
can reader than many of the
more heroic anti-Communist
labor leaders. s
EVER, newspapers fail to give
adequate explanation of tho
issues. in strikes. After one
ge$S through the newspaper
accounts of many strikes, the
reader is left with the impres
sipjn that the strike is really
sil|y, or that the rank and file
were forced into it, or that it
is a. Communist plot.
Insurance Plans
Can Hide Profits
Washington (LPA)—The
York Supreme Court Appellate
Division last week upheld the de
cision of a lower court in restrain
ing a New York runaway clothing
firm and ordering it to cease deal
ing with non-union contractors.
The Amalgamated Clothing Work
ers contract with the firm of Irving
Horowitz expressly prohibits the
employer from dealing with non
union contractors.
Ask for Uhion Labeled merchan*
San Francisco (LPA)—By batt
ling up in committee a labor
sponsored bill, lobbyists for insur
ance companies selling so-called
voluntary disability insurance
plans in California have avoided
for another two years making pub
lic their receipts, expenditures and
profits under such plans.
“By this maneuver,” charges the
California State Federation of
Labor, “the insurance companies
have now guaranteed to them
selves, for at least the coming two
years, the right to soak workers
for as large a profit as possible
under the voluntary plans which
can how be negotiated under tl|e
state disability insurance law.
“While concealing their own. pro
fits, the insurance companies are
free to scrutinize and protest over
every penny collected, saved or
distributed in benefits under the
state plan.”
Also, the Federation adds, “the
excess contributions to the state
fund can ultimately be paid out to
workers in the form of benefits,
whi| the profits accruing to pri
vate insurance companies will never
be paid out to workers.”
IBEW Local Awards
College Scholarships
Valued At $4200 Each
Now York (LPA)—Two sons of
members of the International Bro
therhood of Electrical Workers are
to become electrical engineers,
with five years of college study,
as the first winners of a new schol
arship program set up by the Joint
Industry Board of the Electrical
Industry here, a labor-management
The scholarships are valued nt
$4200 each. Two more are to be
awarded each year, so after five
years 10 students will be getting
the education assistance at all
times. They will attend Columbia
College for three years and the
Columbia School of Engineering
for two years of specialization in
electrical engineering.
Only sons of Electrical Workers
Pension Fund members in the five
boros of New York are eligible.
Wa’ “Mh..
Leadership' of the Int’l Asso
ciation of Machinists, one of the
largest and most progressive of
America’s labor unions, changed
hands on July 1.
President Harvey W. Brown
stepped down after more than a
decade at the helm nnd 44 years
of activity in the union.
President-elect A. J. Hayes step
ped up, taking over the reins at
only 49, as a climax to a career in
which trade unionism played a
major role for over three decades.
Brown gave up the burdens of
office in compliance with a 65-year
age limit law he had helped to en
act. Technically, he retired, but
actually he is now slated to enter
a new career of public service.
Hayes, heretofore a. vice pres
ident, had been Brown’s right-hand
man at Machinists’ headquarters
for the past few years. In a refer
endum election, he was elected to
succeed Brown without opposition.
In taking over, Al Hayes made
it clear he is planning no revolu
tionary changes. He will carry on,
he said, in the tradition of Harvey
Brown. That doesn’t mean mere
continuation of the status quo, he
stressed. Constant progress will be
his goal.
“A labor union, like any other
institution, must be progressive
enough to alter its methods and
functions as conditions change,” he
What kind of a personality is Al
Hayes? In looks, he is vigorous,
stocky, broad-shouldered. He has a
shock of bankers’-gray hair, gray
green eyes, and bushy black eye
brows that remind one of John
Lewis. He has a full round face
a look that’s quizzical and deliber
ative, but that lights up when he
Bring him a problem, and he
listens attentively, coming up with
a quick, firm answer. He may not
let off sparks, but his mind is
orderly, and he works with deep
absorption. His interests are far
wider and ‘broader, than those of
unionism alone.
A German by extraction, he was
born and raised in Milwaukee, the
town made famous by beer. His
father, a maintenance repair man
in a coal yard, was a trade union
ist, too.
Al was one of 10 children, and
was finishing up his last year in
high school when, in a shop accid
ent, a hammer swung loose and hit
his father in the skull. The result
was to leave his father disabled
and semi-paralyzed. Young Al had
to cut school short to help support
his. family—but he filled out his
formal education with many night
courses at the University of Wis
consin’s extension division in Mil
He became a machinist appren
tice in the Milwaukee Road’s shops
and soon was chosen by the ap
prentices as their spokesman on
grievances. From then on, he
marched from one leadership post
in the union to another.
Like many a machinist of those
days, he turned “boomer” as soon
as he finished his apprenticeship.
He barnstormed from job to job on
Western railroads, then returned
to Wisconsin. After stint with
the North'Western Railroad at the
little town of Kaukauna, he shift
ed to the same road’s shops in his
home cjty of Milwaukee.
He had just married in 1923
when the big national rail shop
men’s strike broke out. Hayes be-i
came a local leader in the stop
page, and picketed constantly dur
ing the long months until the dis
pute was finally settled.
Thereafter, IAM members thrust
him ahead into union offices—to
president of the local, then head of
District 7 covering the entire
North Western system. Meantime,
headquarters had been eyeing the
aggressive youngster, and in 1934
he was hired as a grand lodge rep
resentative to handle organizing,
negotiations and a multitude of
other activities in his area.
During World War II he served
as the labor .member of the Sixth
Regional War Labor Board, cover
ing the crucial Chicago area. In
1944 he advanced to vice president,
and now to the highest
the gift of the union.
sincerely concerned with the inter
ests of the majority of people.”
Labor-management relations
“We will lean over backwards to
establish mutually beneficial rela
tionships with employers who have
sincerely accepted labor unions and
collective bargaining.”
Organizing “We will continue
to build our union. Organizing is
going to be the number one as
signment of every member of our
staff during the coming months.”
Totalitarianism—“We are oppos
ed to Communism, Fascism or any
other form of totalitarianism with
all the vigor of which we are cap
Relations with AFL “We are
AFL-minded. We hope the AFL
Executive Council will make it pos
sible for us to return to the AFL,
but we will not return unless and
until we ate guaranteed the same
consideration and treatment which
is accorded other organizations in
the AFL.”
Basic rights—“Economic and so
cial rights guaranteed by our Con
stitution and Bill of Rights are still
confined to those who control our
resources, industry and wealth.
Our economy is still far from the
balance necessary to establish a
decent standard of life for every
one and to avoid recurrent unem
ployment, booms and busts.”
World labor—“Organized labor
in the US must effect liaison with
the free trade union movement
thruout the world, particularly in
Jurisdictional strife “We feel
organized labor must find a defin
ite means of permanently settling
jurisdictional disputes.”
.Columbus, O. (LPA) Real
estate lobbyists in this state got
the drubbing of their lives when
the legislature by landslide major
ities enacted legislation authoriz
ing public housing. The measure^
overrides State Supreme Court de-'
cisions which had the effect of pro
hibiting public housing projects in
the state. The Senate last week
“okayed” the measure, 26 to 2, fol
lowing previous passage by the
office in
What are his views?
never a member of any
party, he has always voted on the
liberal side. In Wisconsin that gen
erally meant for LaFollette Pro
gressive and Socialist candidates.
Right now, he is a strong support
er of the Americans for Democratic
Action, and in fact was one of the
ADA’s original sponsoring mem
In thumbnail, here are his be
liefs on some of the major issues
of the day and his objectives for
the Machinists:
Profits—“Reasonable profits are
necessary to the maintenance and
progress of our economic system.
But when the majority of our peo
ple are forced to see their stand
ard of life deteriorate to make fin
ancial empires possible for a few,
then accumulation of such wealth
for selfish purposes is not only
economically unsound but morally
Politics—“Organized labor can
not divorce itself from politics be
cause politics will determine its,
future. We must exercise our rights
to elect to public effiee only those
5 Days Commencing Thursday
Directed by
Thursday, July 14, 1949
Byrd Machine Sticks
To Anti-Labor Laws
Strasburg, Va. (LPA)—There’ll
be no backtracking by the Byrd
political machine in Virginia on
the state’s anti-labor laws. That’s
the dictum laid down here by Gov
ernor William M. Tuck, a top fig
ure in the Byrd machine.
He made it clear that he and the
state administration, now under
fire from rival Democratic candi
dates in the August 2 party pri
mary, will make retention of the
laws banning the union shop and
forbidding utility strikes a major
issue in the current gubernatorial
“These statutes have proven of
great benefit to the working peo
ple, management and citizens at
large,” Tuck claimed. “I stand
upon my record in this respect,
unashamed, unruffled and un
af raid.”
his is*.
the day
they were
^••1 'J
Youz too, dtsirve
tk mor£ liberal
warnings that your
monty will £arn
for you h&’t
First Federal Savings
& Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.
Their day
of days
becomes a
—in the
Rockies' lost
City of the
Written by John Twist
and Edmund H. North
DAFFY DILLY—Colored Cartoon
HENRY BUSSE—Musical Short

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