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to '-v Public Power Victory As SMhteJfQte Funds, For Transmission Lines Washington (LPA)—An import ant victory for public power wgg. scored in the Senate this week. By a vote of 45 to 38, the Sena tors defeated amendments that would have cut Interior Dep’t ap propriations for building power transmission lines from govern ment dams. Later, on a voice vote, the Sen ate granted the Interior Dep’t $668,009,000, thereby slapping down the so-called “economy bloc”, a group of Congressmen who have been trying to cut government ex penses no matter how necessary they may be. The bill will now go to conference to settle direrences with the House version which gave Interior only $577,000,000. As a result of the Senate vote, the government will now be able to build power lines from the dams in the southwestern, western, and Rocky Mountain regions to the farms, factories and towns which can use the power generated. p- There has been a shortage of necessary transmission lines be cause the government lacked money and authority to construct them. As a result, big private utilities have been able to build a single transmission line from each dam and have a monopoly of the elec tric power in the region. None but the largest companies could afford to build such lines. Sen. Lyndon B, Johnson (D Tex.), in floor debate on the issue, posed the problem “How shal Iwe transport the people’s power from the dams to the customers the Congress said we should reach?” “Congress’ first responsibility,” said Johnson, “is to guarantee that transmission of this power will be accomplished in other words, Con gress is committed to get the power from the dams to the cus tomers. How that is done, is, as I see it, a Secondary matter. What ever we do must be judged by the guarantee we have made.” Sen. Estes Kefauver (D, Tenn.) had more finite ideas how it should be done. “Repeated exam ination of the federal river-deve lopment program,” he said, has convinced successive Congresses that federal transmission lines are a prime necessity if the public in terest is to be safeguarded. “This has certainly proved to be the case in the Tennessee valley and any objective observer will be struck by the great similarities be tween the power problem as it once existed in the Tennessee Valley and as it still exipts in the south west, the southeast,' and the Pac ific northwest.” The power fund victory was notable not only because it was important in itself, but also be cause the appropriations bill got off to a bad start in committee. The appropriations committee had approved large cuts in Interior Dep’t funds. “The action of the committee,” declared Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D, Minn.), “would turn over con trol of these resources to the mon opolistic private utilities. It would deny the benefits of low-cost hy droelectric power to the little peo ple of our country.” You Can See the Cream ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SANITARY Uae Exclusively By Golden Star Dairy Phone 3200 Vloe ftwldaal One Republican, Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon, spoke in favor of the public power lines.. “I be lieve the power companies have a right to protection,” he asserted, “but I do not believe this protec tion should be provided by giving them monopoly control over a pub lic resource developed at the tax payers expense.” The taxpayers were saved by seven votes. Urges Action On School Aid Minns Religious Bars Washington (LPA)—The mem bers of the House Labor Commit tee—who do their feuding in pub lic—this week had three heated sessions on the federal aid to edu cation bills now before them. The final meeting, which was an attempt to obtain a vote on var ious aid bills, was stymied when two of the 13 committee members who signed the petition calling the meeting stayed away, and several GOP members and John Lesinski (D, Mich.) refused to enter the committee room. Lack of a quorum resulted in no action. Members of the committee who deliberately stalled a vote includ ed, besides Lesinski, Republican Reps. John McConnell (Pa.), Ralph Gwinn (NY), Carroll Kearns (Pa.), and Nixon (Calif.). Two petition signers absent were Rep. Adam Clayton Powell (D, NY) and Thruston Morton (R, Ky.). The controversy in the commit tee over the aid to education issue revolves around two points: 1) the right of children attending Cath olic schools to receive federally assisted services like school busses and health inspections 2) the need for any federal funds to schools. Republican economy advocates have been chuckling gleefully over the battle raging between Chair man John Lesinski (D, Mich.) who refuses to call a formal session of the committee to vote on educa tion bills, and the liberal members of the committee who want to bring the matter to a head. For two days this week, com-| mittee members were cajled in by Lesfhski for “round table” discus sions of the school aid bills. The committee chairman Invited spokes men for the AFL, CIO, Nat’l Edu cation Association, the Nat’l Cath olic Welfare Conference and the US Commissioner of Education, to the unusual sessions. A FL Education Committee Chairman Matthew Woll asked that the meetings be re-scheduled at a time when he could attend, but when this was not done the AFL did not send anyone. AFL spokes men expressed despair that any thing could come out of the “round table.” Tho session, originally called by Lesinski as a closed-door affair, was later opened to reporters. Democrats who want the akl-to education bill brought to a vote— including at least two Catholics— made no secret of their ire at Les inski’s refusal to hold a formal meeting. They said they had enough signatures on a petition for such a meeting to force Lesinski to allow a vote. Nat’l1 Education Association rep resentative R. B. Marston pointed out that a House Labor Subcom mittee had held lengthy hearings —now available in printed form as a 953-page document'—and that 50 national organizations with a total membership of many millions had endorsed federal aid to the school* of the nation. WANTED AT ONCE Model Maker experienced in modeling Sani tary Ware. When applying state experience and ability together with references. Address Model Maker, Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio. Money Loaned FOR PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT OF HOMES 5% Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON A B8OADWAY BAST LtVEBPOOL OHO OFFICERS* IO8. M. BLAXQL Trecnmrw W. DUNLAA JR. Attonwr wr’ y ,«/.■-. •'•9U V "r v iT\8Ke*t ,'i n, i-•»•» 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 10. IL 15. 18. 20. 21. 22. 23. 2(U 26. 28. Teachers Oiash On Federal Aid To Private Schools Milwaukee, Wis. (LPA)—Issues which split Congress on the ques tion of Federal aid to education also erupted at the annual conven tion here of the American Federa tion of Teachers-A FL affiliate with over 60,000 members in the nation’s schools. After a stormy floor battle, the convention refused to backtrack from a previous convention stand against extension of Federal aid to non-public schools. The convention went on record for what was regarded as a “com promise” bill, which has been in troduced in the House by Rep. Thomas H. Burke (D, Ohio). That measure is confined to Federal as sistance solely for payment of ade quate salaries to teachers in Am erica’s public schools. However, the convention also re affirmed its position for Federal aid to cover health and welfare services for all children, whether in public, parochial or other pri vate schools. But this should be acted upon in separate legislation, the convention declared. Earlier, President William Green of the AFL, in a message to the convention, declared the AFL fav ored Federal aid to raise teachers’ salaries in public schools and wel fare services for all children, “without discrimination.” President Truman also sent a message asserting that the “na tion’s educators hold grave respon sibilitits” because “the solution of many national and world problems lies in education.” “The theme of your convention —education for a better America and a better world—expresses in n few words the objective of many programs to which our govern ment lends it support and streng th,” he added. President John M. Eklund was re-elected for a second term and 12 vice-presidents were also renamed. Three new vice presidents were chosen. They are: Miss Cadigan of Boston Local ton Miss Ann' Maloney, Gary, Ind., and Patrick Local 672, Louisville, Ky. la 21 7Y ACROSS Workers best friend Labor’s number one political ehemy Every union signs one of these First name of Labor Day founder First name (abbr.) of AFL president '9, 10. 11. _________ 12. Longshoreman’s Association (abbr.) •18. Pressman’s Union (abbr.) 14. Labor will---------endorse the Taft Act 16. Roman numeral for 900 17. 19, 21. 24. 25. 27. 29. 80. 31. 32. Any plane surface Water barrier Dowmpour Small tags One of the chief bargaining issues of unions and companies Labor made a joke out this in 1948 National Union (abbr.) Snare A fourth round of these is now Imminent Parent DOWN Membership in labor unions has surged in the past few years Chief organized foe of labor Illinois Central (abbr.) Apart from To rip, By Labor is backing this anti-discrimination legislation Labor’s choice in 1948 and Whitehouse Ally An entreaty Your management probably belongs to this Ex-soldier The most important single factor in our nation’s economy Powerful medical monopoly opposing labor’s health insurance demands Engrossed Moslem religion Lairs The Taft Act may well result in an allout —t between labor and management One of the dangerous provisions of the Taft Act encourages managements to------------ labor unions for alleged unfair labor practices Only labor-oifcned news service I Mary C. 68, Bos Local 4, Kirwan, By an overwhelming majority of 792 to 108, the delegates sustained action of their executive council in ousting Local 430 of Los Angeles for collaboration with Communist front organizations and for other activities contrary to the Federa tion’s policies. A new local, 1021, has been chartered by Federation as* a rival to tha pel led unit. Nd. the ex i| Demand the Union Label. 'a i? THE POTTERS HERALI 71 -3 18 to 15,000,000 .New Probes From Page Qar} Percent of Control By Three Comn^ '^s ....-.............. lOflU v™- Aluminum ... fin cans and Linoleum Copper, smelting & refining^. Cigarettes Distilled liquors Plumbing equipment Rubber tiros and tubes Office and store machines Motor vehicles Biscuits, crackers, etc Agricultural machinery ... Meat products other tinwgre... 92.1 88.5 77.6 72.4 71.8 69.5 69.5 68.7 67.7 66.6 64. eop- •Mr* Dr. Blair emphasized that per was “one of the most extreme” examples of concentration. He said there was “noting historical or nec essary” about it because 70 per cent of the growth of the three big gest companies was “due to buy ing up other companies.” His fig ures showed that Anaconda Cop per alone controls almost half the capital assets of the industry and that another quarter is owned by Kennecott Copper Corp. Celler suggested to the commit tee a special study of monopoly practices in the distilled liquor in dustry, where he said th-s big com panies had secured a “firm grip” on the production of barrels for aging whiskey and a regulation on requiring that it be aged in new, rather than old, barrels. He said the small distillers had been un able to secure new barrels and the big distillers had blocked a Jiange in the regulations permitting them to use old barrels. In addition to studying the 26 individual industries, the Federal Trade Commission submitted a n port on concentration in the whole manufacturing industry, showing that 113 companies, all with assets of more than $100,000,000 owned almost half of the manufacturing plant and equipment try. in the coun- Commission in that they These figures, the said, “are meaningful portray the extent to which the in dustrial economy as a whole U dominated by the over-all economic power of a small number of giant corporations.” The Commission emphasized that this was not the full monopoly pic ture, by any means, as it does not include the financial tie-ups be tween big corporations. “Informs tion at the present time is wholk inadequate to prepare any compre hensive measure at this third and highest level of concentration,’ the Commission reported. Most of us take four weeks' vacation one week to prepare for the fortnight and another to ge' over it. Ask for Union Labeled merchao iUm. fr^-yrv *. .n^. -m- J- 1ASTUVERPOOE, OraO‘f Murray Lashes At Steel Monopoly’s Monopoly Charge Washington (LPA) Demands by the president of Jones & Laugh lin Steel Corp, that laws be pass ed by Congress restricting unions to i company-wide bargaining, and otherwise out-doing Taft and Hart ley, brought a quick reply from President Philip Murray of the United Steelworkers. The demands were, made before a Senate Banking Subcommittee headed by Sen.’Willis Robertson (D, Va.) which Murray sai^l had permitted itself “to be used as a sounding board for the steel in dustry.” “The representatives of the two steel companies who appeared be fore the Robertson Committee complained, among other things, that they are subjected to industry wide bargaining, and must accept whatever bargain Corp, makes. “Unfortunately, the various steel port to negotiate the US Steel however, while companies pur for themselves, they, in fact, will offer nothing and will agree to nothing until US Steel sets the pattern.” Murray also pointed out that it’s not the union’s fault if the “little” stieel companies “are so dominated by US Steel that they can only rubber-stamp its decisions.” Industry-wide bargaining, the steel union head charged, “is of a part with the uniform price struc tures of the industry. The Small steel companies’ real com plaint is that they are dominated by Wall St. and by the US Steel Corp. We sympathize with them, but it is not our fault.” Earlier, Retired Admiral Ben Moreell had told the Senate Sub committee that “There is now no law or other governmental or in dustrial authority upon which we can rely to insure that the power in the hands of labor organizations will be kept within the bounds of economic health.” He called for “legislative prohi bition of specific restrictive and uneconomical labor practices,” and inclusion of unions within the anti trust laws so as to “destroy indus tiy-wide bargaining and reduce the authority of the lar^e international ijidystrial unions.” 1? New Senate l( (Continued From Page One) sifjt. 'J4- the && place, Taft may not hiake it, and in the .second place the majority of the panel,is expected to consist of Senators wfio/never have been afraid to hear labor’s views t|or reluctant to un derstand them. According to present indications, Senators Murray, Thomas. (D, I'tah), Pepper (D, Fla.), Hump hrey (D, Minn.) will be the Demo ergtio members and there is a good chance that either Sen. Aiken (R, Vt.) or Morse (R, Ore.) will be oqe of the Republicans. Whatever the exact composition of the sub committee, labor can look for fair treatment. Among things the new inquiry is expected to disclose is exactly how the Taft-Hartley act has slow ed, down union organizing every where in the country, virtually halting all organizing efforts in the south. For instance, if asked, the Tex tile Workers will be able to show the committee that southern mill owners have used every legal loop hole afforded by the Taft-Hartley act to slow organizing down by protracted court action, and have brought police power to bear where all else failed. recent instance in Talla Ga., when a policeman sat automobile watching while thugs from the American The poosa, in an armed Thread Co. chased Anion members away from the mill gates is one case that labor spokesmen will be able to cite. There are plenty of others involving the CIO, the AFL, and independent unions. How unions have to live under the Taft Hartley act received little atten tion from Congress in last spring’s hearings which bogged down on the injunction question. Another aspect of organized labor which it is ho(ftd will be brought out into the open will be the constructive character of labor unions including their contribu tions not only to their member ships but to the industries and com munities in which they are active. Comment'On i World Events There is a lot of nonsense being talked and written about Great Britain and her present economic plight, which* is. due largely to war and not to Britain’s government. In the opinion of this column, Norman Thomas, Socialist leader, has done a good job in exposing the nonsense and refuting baseless charges made in the American campaign against Britain and the British government. In a talk over the American Broadcasting Go. national network, Thomas vigorously denied that Britain’s “present inability to earn anywhere near enough dollars to buy goods necessary to its healthy life” was due to the Labor govern ment and socialism. He insisted, instead, that what’s wrong with Britain is her loss, hastened by two world wars, of her foreign economic holdings, through which she had largely paid for her imports plus war devastation to her factories and homes and a cut in American purchases due to the American recession, which he de clared were major factors for Bri tain’s dollar crisis. Thomas charged that American “interests which so gleefully pro claim Britain’s failure” have an ’‘unbroken record of opposition to all social legislation in America from workmen’s compensation and income taxes down to health and housing legislation.” By terming socialism and “the welfare state” identical, they use Britain’s alleged failure as a “club against labor and against all progressive ’demands in America for effective social security, rent control and health legislation.’* Calling much of the anti-British propaganda “downright a 1 s e,” Thomas stated that Russia, Italy and* Germany had gone totalitar ian, not through democratic social ism but “of the collapse of private capitalism under the strains of war and its own inefficiencies.” Thomas pointed out production in manufacturing industries in Bri tain in May was “40 percent above the 1935-8 average when the Con servatives were in power,” that British agricultural production is “at least 25. percent greater than in prewar years,” and that the “volume of exports is 50 percent ahead of 1938.” The Socialist lead er aUo revealed that coal produc tion. has.shown a steady increase under' nationalization and is fully paying its way. Arguing that Britain’s Labor government’s record was “not a cause for apology but f°r boast ing,” Thomas referred proudly to greatly increased production in Great Britain, rebuilding of bomb ed houses and towns, the finest health system in the world and rationing of milk and other scarce foods on the principle of “women and children first.” Declaring that Britain’s social security legislation* has added $11 a week to the income of every family of five, Thomas warned Britain-baiters “God help Amer ica and the world if our capitalists think they can win any cold war by returning Britain to the dark ness of her slums and poverty.” Tax The Co-Ops (Continued From Page One) with a new and slightly revised line of phoney bucks almost indis tinguishable from the original ones. According to Voorhls, Mr. Ver non Scott said, “We don’t stop our program at the whim of some gov ernment official.” Last year Scot was active in Minnesota where he directed a publicity campaign to save the Senate seat of ex-Senator Joe Ball. However, Hubert Humphrey was elected to the Senate and Joe Ball became a lobbyist for General Electric and General Motors. CWA WINS PHONE PLANT Buffalo (LPA) Officers of Communications Workers of Amer ica expressed satisfaction last week at an election victory in Buffalo plant of Western Electric Manu facturing Corp. It is the first phone manufacturing plant the union has won in a recent series of repre sentation elections in this part of the country. RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker, Brother Arthur Pyle, respected and admired for his fellow ship and character, and Whereas, We the members of Local Union 86, recognize the tass of this Brother, shall cherish ajnd respect the memory of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy and esteem, it is hereby further, Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to his family, a copy of this resolution be published in our official journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the minutes of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family. Also that our charter be draped in mourning for a period of thirty day a. GEORGE MULLEN LAIRD CHRISTIAN ELMER HUNT Reports Drop In Bargaining Cases Washington (LPA) The Na tional Labor Relations Board an nounced that as of July 31 its load of representation cases had been reduced to 1647, the least since December last year. At the same time, the board said that its grand total of cases in all categories amounted to 5713, of which 368 dated back to Wagner act days. As of July 31, however, there were only 286 awaiting de cision by the five-man board itself compared with 436 in January. The board reported that, during July, 39 formal complaints were issued, 28 against employers, four against unions and seven against employers and unions both. In the same period, the board handed down 164 decisions, 31 fewer than in June. In the 376 collective bargaining elections conducted during July there were 53,732 valid votes cast of which 78.3 percent were in favor of union representation. AFL unions won 155 of the 241 bargaining elections in which they participated during July, and in 15 instances results were indetermin ate. CIO unions gained clearcut victories in 55 of 118 with eight in determinate. Independent unions came out ahead in 88 of 88 with three indeterminate. In union shop elections held in July, the union shop was favored by employes on 320 occasions out of 388, with 91.8 of all votes cast showing workers’ preference for union shop conditions. AFL unions won 238 union shop elections, CIO unions won 51 and independent unions won 31. Save GM Workers Millions Washington (LPA) Because they demanded—and got—a review of the method of computing the rent increases in the consumers’ price index, United Auto Workers has saved its members $1,395,000 during the next three months. rr- fv —y-x-fxxr -'f‘'-n ... ,. ........ )Thurgday Septeml)er J, 1949 z Lobby Probers WILLIAM HOWARD [Con/inura From Page One) z tee and is giving the Sonata a chance to agree before setting its own investigation going. Congress man Frank Buchanan (D, Pa.) was responsible for resolutions author izing both investigations and is author of a bill designed to tighten up recent laws governing lobbying activities. Meanwhile, the Senate is sitting on a bill authorizing a joint inves tigation by representatives of the judiciary committees of both houses. But it is hoped that the Senate eventually will agree to a joint survey along the lines pro posed by the House. With the House on leave and the Senate jammed up it’s hard to say when action will come. When action does come, however, here are some of the lobbies to be looked into: The American Medical Associa tion, which spent $508,397 the first six months of this year to fight health insurance reactionary pub lisher Frank Gannett’s Committee for Constitutional Gov’t which spent $306,297 to fight anything faintly progressive National Asso ciation of Electric Co.’s which chipped in $244,222 to battle power legislation. And so on through the National Ass’n of Real Estate Boards, the Association of Ameri can Railroad and host of others. MARTIN Funeral Home Itf W. mb SL PRONE N» NOTICE Plastering and repairing done promptly and neatly. 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