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i .ft- 3 i I *s I •E it 'i S' ft Mi f* .. PAGEFOTB its Oparativts. ■¥?r I I & $ V OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS ------------and------------ OULST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL PtibUghed every l%uradajr at East Liverpool, OSrio. by the N. B. of O. P., owning and efearating the Beet Trader Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State. Altered aft Poet Office. East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20, 1902, aa etcond-elaM natter, AceHM dor mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided fUr In Section 1109. Act OtOciober 13. 1917. authorised August 20, 1918. GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL rtlONE 575 HARRY L. GILL— ——Editor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada. ■■■■. 12.09 Preridnt. Jamw M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, But Liwpool, Ohio Flrtt Vice Preaident.—H. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street, National Bank Build in*, Trenton 8, New Jersey fiei Ond Viee President Frank Hull, 111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park, CaHf. Third Vice President- James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Onio Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Vice President —....Arthur Devlin. 205 Ashmore Ave., Trenton, N. J. Sixth Vice President---------------------------------------- Frank Dales, East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Vice President. .T. J. Desmond, 25 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio Eighth Vice President.— _______ Joshua Chadwiek, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treasurer- Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufaetnrare M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL Operatives CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN. ERNEST TORRENCE CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE __ E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN, CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers-— ROBERT DIETZ, Sr.. W. A. BETZ, RAY BROOKK JAMES SLAVEN. OSCAR SWAN, ROSE STEWART Labor Day Message By HARRY S. TRUMAN President of the United States This is the fifth year in which it has been my privilege to call upon the American people to observe Labor Day—a day dedicated to the workers who have helped so much in the advance of our country to the position of responsibility and opportunity it occupies in the world today. The American worker enjoys an economic, political arid ibdsll status solidly established on democratic principles and unequaled elsewhere in the world. From time to time labor has suffered setbacks, but on each occasion its essen tial strength has asserted itself and progress has been re sumed. And as labor has progressed, so has the nation. Labor Day, however, is more than a holiday for cele brating the achievements of the worker and extolling his contribution to the forward march of our economy. This year, more than ever, it is a time for a sober evaluation of the problems that labor, together with all other groups in our country, faces in our complex world, and of our mutual responsibility in meeting them. Labor has become a full partner in our economy. The machinery for weighing labor’s needs and for adjusting the problems of labor-management relations is being developed and improved through the cooperation of employers and em ployes. But today labor must also be a full partner in all our undertakings, not only within our borders but beyond the seas for in the long run our actions in the field of for eign policy will affect the welfare of every man, woman and f. child. It is a source of pride that statesmen in the ranks of Jabot are alert to their responsibility in this field and are “making a vital contribution to our international programs. I am confident that labor will give the same devotion to rthe attainment of our common objectives at home and abroad *that it has long demonstrated in seeking better working ♦[conditions, adequate wages and a higher standard of secur ity for workers and their families. Outrageous? No! i You don’t have to be very old to recall that labor’s cam paign for the 40-hour work week was termed “outrageous” by many employers and business-minded editorial writers. Such a thing, they declared, would ruin our economy, give workers too much idleness, etc., etc. i Now the 40-hour work week is standard. And the idea that hourly workers should have annual vacations was termed “outrageous,” too, when the unions ‘began campaigning for them. But vacations are now an accepted part of the indus trial scene. It’s well to call these things to mind when discussing the current union drive for jiensions and when making plans Jto negotiate for guaranteed annual wages. The pensions requested by some unions have been term ed “outrageous” and many employers have referred to the guaranteed annual wage as “an outlandish idea.” Yet the only “outrageous” thing about Ixith is that they’re comparatively new. They haven’t been accepted yet. Pension plans, on a small scale, have operated success fully for many years, and a number of firms have had real success with the guaranteed wage. Big stumbling block in the way of putting lxth into widespread operation is the old idea that hourly-paid indus trial workers shouldn’t receive the same consideration ac corded others in industry. The current steel industry Case shows Clearly that the bosses are in favor of pensions—for themselves. But they balk at the idea of worthwhile pensions for those who work in the plants. And the idea that men and women should be paid the year around isn’t really new. Management representatives and nearly all “white collar” employes are paid that way. Well, WeU, Well, Well! The American Medical Association, which has been shooting some dirty pool in its Campaign against compulsory health insurance, produced a couple of lovely lulus the other day. Both are designed, so the AMA says, to show that the health insurance plan is something terrible and dangerous. “For the first time since its founding 103 years ago, the AMA will seat a Negro physician in the House of Delegates,” says an AMA press release. Dr. George F. Lull, AMA’s secretary-general manager, commented on the appointment as follows: “This action will serve notice on the socializers who are attempting to besmirch American medicine for purposes of political gain that medicine recognizes no boundaries ex cept the scientific skill and abilities of those admitted to its practice.” And in an address prejiared for delivery by somebody else at the convention of the National (Negro) Medical As sociation, AMA Pres.-Elect Elmer L. Henderson of Louis ville, Ky., said: “Voluntary health insurance is one answer to the needs bf those who require budget-basis medical care. Another answer is educating our patients to give medical care a high er priority in the family budget.” H-m-m-m-m. After 103 years! And “higher priority!” ... •Out Of This Rope Of Sand' “The trade union movement in the United States is no more than a rope of sand. ...” That was said in an editorial of a NW York daily news paper near the turn of the century. It was powerfully answ ered some years before his death by Samuel Gompers, the great and unforgotten president of the American Federa tion of Labor. “Out of this rope of sand,” Samuel Gompers elo quently replied, “has come a moveinent which the think ing men and women of the Civilized world have come to Understand and appreciate for its continent-wide influ ence for the good of every man, woman and child and the people generally. “. There is not a country on the face of the globe where such advanced progress has been made in the interest of the toiling masses than has been made right here in the United States. “We propose to go onward and forward in the con stant uplift movement for those who toil, for those who are dependent upon the toilers, benefiting all the human family, regardless of what position they occupy in life.” Yes, this is the eternal heritage of every working man-H and woman as we celebrate Labor Day, 1949. It is the mean ing of American trade unionism that has risen to such im-’t posing heights and has become a pillar of strength and in-i' Spiration to the workers and oppressed everywhere. Last but not least, it is the ringing message of Labor Day, first 4 observed in 1882 at the suggestion of Peter J. McGuire, a pioneering union carpenter and cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, and made a legal holiday by act of 5 Congress in 1894. 3 Tempest In A Freezer As most people, including the press and the news asso ciations, know full well, it has long been custom for people to give things to high public officials whom they like. Folks used to send presents to Kings, and still do in lands where they still have Kings. In this country there is a constant stream of gifts going to the President and to other government dignitaries. Every president since Washington has received them. The gifts include everything under the sun, including turkeys, calves, beef-steak, cases of eggs, automobiles and lately, home freez ers. There’s a drive on now, however, by the big business boys, to smear, besmirch and generally discredit and hurt the President. Hence, manv columns of newspaper are being devoted to a couple of home freezers which were sent to Washington. It isn’t that the freezers are import ant, or that there is anything wrong or questionable about the giving of them the purpose of the publicity blast and of the congressional interest is to make the whole thing look bad. They Call that politics, but politics isn’t the only rea son. the President. Hence, many columns of newspaper spacer *'tion It just so happens that the President offended the mighty men of Wall Street when he defended Labor and the working people in demanding repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act. He made enemies. They are getting even. There’s another angle to the affair, of course. If the public attention can be centered on a few home freezers, and if the noise is continued long enough, maybp the people will forget all about the Untold billions that were stolen from our government during and since the war and which con gress should be investigating—and is not. i Human Resources Greatest National Asset The Federal Security Agency, headed by Oscar R. Ewing, bears the responsibility of conserving and strength ening our greatest national asset—our human resources, the American people. Mr. Ewing in his ririritial report to the President and to the Congress listed major gains but called for strengthening and extension of social security, education, and public health programs. Mr. Ewing pointed out that “to wait until catas trophe overtakes us and forces us into hastily devised emer gency measures is to disregard the most elementary prin ciples of statemanship.” Mr. Ewing’s recommendations include: Social Security—Extend benefits to farm and domestic workers the self-employed, and other groups of Workers not now covered increase the amount of benefits available establish a federal-state system of disability insurance ex tend the federal-state assistance programs to all indigent groups. It also calls for the extension of child health and welfare services. Education—To meet the growing crisis of the nation’s schools caused by insufficient personnel and outgrown facil ities, the report recommends federal financial aid to educa tion. Health—The report urges expanding scientific research, investing in the training of highly skilled personnel, provid ing more hospitals, and bringing medical care within the reach of all. The report shows the importance of these measures in preserving our American way of life. It points out: “It is not enough to say we must conserve and develop our human resources in order to add to our national produc tivity and increase our national wealth. Today, democracy and the American way of life are facing a major challenge. “In behalf of peace, we must build up our social and economic strength no less than our military strength. In the present world-wide conflict of ideas we must demon strate conclusively that the individual is healthier, better educated, and economically more secure were democracy is strongest.” Facts Demolish Laments Corporations have been making plenty of money this year, though to believe spokesmen of some of them busi ness is virtually nil and economic doom impends. The facts as to profits are set forth by the Department of Commerce, which says that in June publicly reiort(!d cash dividend payments by corporations amounted to $825, 80(1,000. This was 13 percent higher than the $728,400,000 paid during June of last year. Dividend payments in the second quarter this year totaled $1,498,500,000, which was 10 percent higher than the like quarter of 1948. This official, government report, accounting for about 60 to 65 percent of all gross cash dividends paid, hardly re veals any acute corporation poverty. The facts, as the Am erican Federationist remarks, “demolish the laments of anti labor employer spokesmen that business is in sad shape.” Nor is the profit prospect for the rest of the year bad, the Federationist points out, saying: “In 1949 corporations are due to gather $2.51 billion more in profits, after taxes, than they made in 1946, and the year’s total will probably be nearly double what profits were in 1929. The President’s Council of Economic Advisers esti mates that profits this year will hit a lusty $15.3 billion after taxes. The comparable figure for 1929, boom year, was $8.4 billion.” K THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO LOCK-OUT 4E4QEBT »fliB»n»fl MlU HUB II tll'M flflfl fl Rtf'BP OfrjHMHHKa Organized labor has good reason to welcome the decision of a Maryland circuit judge in declaring the state’s anti-subversive law .unconstitutional, and in particular his dictum that laws “may punish acting, but not for thinking.” The law, which became effective June 1, requires stringent loyalty oaths by public employes and candidates for office. It provides prison sentences up to 5 years find fines up to $5,000 for membership in an organization deemed subversice, and penalties up to $20,000 and 20 years in prison for those engaged in subversive activities. This soft of legislation, the judge tacitly recognized, goes far be yond the federal loyalty program and other legitimate efforts to se cure the safety of the United States against plotters from within. Said the judge at the conclusion of his memorable ruling: “The law violates the basic freedoms of speech, press and assembly guaranteed by the First and Fourteenth Amendments, and due process under the Fifth Amendment. It violates the Maryland Constitution and Declara- of Rights. Laws may punish acts and conduct which clearly, seriously and imminently threaten substantive evils. They may not intrude into the realm of ideas, religious and political beliefs and opinions.” Even more significant, from the viewpoint of organized labor, is the judge’s comment on certain parts of the invalidatx*d law. Referring to the section which makes it “a felony, subject to 5 years imprison ment, a $5,000 fine or both, to be a member of a subversive organiza tion,” the judge wrote: “Some labor organizations have been characterized as sub versive. A worker may believe his union is in the control of of ficers who would direct its activities into seditious channels. “If that union has a closed shop agreement with management he cannot withdraw from the organization without losing his job. If he remains in the union he is guilty of a felony, not because of any act of commission on his part, but because of his association with others. “Valuable property rights within the organization may be lost. The alternative is no job, or conviction of a serious crime, all without his day in court and without due process .” 4* The fate of the Maryland law (ultimately to be decided by the Supreme Court) raises constitutional doubts concerning the Feinberg law, passed at the recent session of the New York State Legislature, which bars subversive persons from holding public school jobs. It also underscores the need for guarding against a legislative witch-hunt which, among other aims, seeks to purge the labor movement of its communistic elements. How little that aim is likely to be achieved is proven by the fact that the noncommunist oath provision of the Taft-Hartley Act has opened new avenues of escape for communists and fellow-travelers. For instance, the president of the CIO Food and Tobacco Workers Union has switched over to the new post of national administrative director, which allows him to exercise his old powers without legal Responsibility. The secretary-treasurer of the CIO United Furniture Workers has “with regret” dropped his membership in the Communist party. Finally, a top official of the CIO Mine, Mill and Smelter Work ers Union announces he will continue to fight for communist goals “with all the energy and sincerity at his command.” All of which goes to prove that the complex task of routing com munism from the American trade union movement cannot be accom plished by legislative fiat alone. What is needed are firm convictions among the membership and an equally firm determination to assert their rights as unionists and citizens against any and all conspirators sailing under the red Hag. This, as has been said repeatedly but ap parently not often enough, can be done only when the rank and file know their own mind and take their place in the forefront of the battle. Pertinent comment on the hostile and ignorant manner with which large sections of the American press view current economic and social problems in Great Britain comes from The New York Times. It is no doubt true, the paper editorial observes, “that socialism and more particularly the kind of economic thinking that expresses itself in socialism—can increase the difficulty of solving the British problem. But to say that socialism created the problem is to display ignorance of contemporary British political and economic history. “What most persons really have in mind who attack socialism as the villain of the piece is the general philosophy rationalized by the economic theories of the late Lord Keynes, which holds that it is the duty of the government to maintain demand for goods and services at maximum levels by compensatory spending and by the deliberate un balancing of the budget at the first sign of a trade recession. But this philosophy took form in the Churchill Government in 1944 in the fam ous White Paper on Employment Policy, a document which receive! the general approval of the press and public. As a footnote it might be added that one will search the recent manifesto of Britain’s Tory party in vain for any suggestion that it is prepared to repudiate this philosophy.” n fl MBBBfliBIflfl Bfrll BRU BBRBREITORIlFfliflfrfl fl II fl flfl fl fl fl flH DON'T START A FOREST FIRE? I By RUTH TAYLOR aa aa aa RWRRRRRRRBWWWWWWMHRRRFWWVWyWWRRMHHMWWR Have you ever seen a forest fire? Fortunately I have never been close to one, but just a short time ago I saw a forest fire from the air. It was miles away but there was menace in that mass of rising smoke. 1 thought of the horrible deadness of land that has been burned over —of the things that would not grow because of that flame. And I wondered who had been careless. For carelessness is the greatest cause of all fires.. People who did not think, who neglected to take common precautions, who were too interested in themselves to seq what a conflagration they might start, who took chances. As in the case of forest fires, so it is with other conflagrations. It is the careless word, the selfish act that gives the spark which the winds of prejudice cause to flame into a raging inferno. The parent, who before a child thoughtlessly condemns a group because of the action of one of its members, starts a fire of dislike in that child’s mind, which, feeding upon misunderstanding, may flame into a blaze of hatred when the child is grown. Such a fire hurts not only the people against whom it is leveled, but the child himself, for it corrodes his ability to judge individuals on their own merits. The worker who shirks on his job, who demands more than he gives, starts a flame against the whole ranks of honest workers. The employer, who in selfish selfinterest, thinks more of his profits than of the men and women who make them for him, feeds the flame of communism. The politician who, with his eyes on the next election, compromises, quibbles and indulges in sharp dealings, starts a fire against the government of which he is a part. The member of a minority group who makes a nuisance of him self, who carries a chip on his shoulder, who cries “anti-whatever-his group-may-be” when anyone disagrees with him, starts a holocaust against that group. The member of the majority, who takes special advantages, who strides roughshod over the minority, starts a fire against the majority which may well destroy it. The careless generality, the smartaleck a ff fltt**O»ll ii n an a NEWS and VIEWS I By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT (An ILNS Feature) ", K wise crack, the boastful Thursday, September 1, 1949 LABOR LEDGER —In Scranton, Pa., 200 union plumbers went on strike because their leader and employers couldn’t agree on a place to sign the new contract which brought improved wages and working conditions. The employers wanted the pact signed in the Chamber of Commerce build ing, but the leaders of the plumbers insisted it should be signed at union headquarters. —In New Jersey, the State Division of Empldf’meht Security set a national precedent by a decision that a worker who takes time off to get married and gets fired is entitled to unemployment compensa tion. It was officially ruled that taking time off to get married is not “misconduct.” —In Paris, France, a group of fencing instructors seceded from the teachers’ union and set up their own organization. They were im mediately charged with duel unionism. —In London the Communist leader of the anti-Communist Amal gamated Society of Woodworkers was fired from his job because he claimed that Princess Elizabeth’s new house cost five times as much as the government said it did. —In Albany, New York, union bus drivers, members of the Amal gamated Association of Street, Electric & Motor Coach-Employees AFL prepared wage demands against themselves. Last March the drivers bought the bus company and became its owners and directors. —In France, government game wardens won their demands in a hurry when they went on strike. They didn’t even have to organize picket lines. They simply went to the local bistros and over a glass of wine mentioned casually to farmers where there were the best con centration of foxes, duck and grouse. —In Australia, for the first time John L. Lewis’ repeated claim that “you can’t mine coal with bayonets” was disproved. To break a Communist mine strike the Labor government called in troops, and literally the soldiers dug coal with their bayonets. They were able to do it because in Australia coal is taken from the surface instead of underground shafts. —In Paris, royalty became scabs and strikebreakers. The Paris dressmakers, whose fashions are copied throughout the world, went on strike against their $9 to $12 weekly wages. Wealthy princesses exile crossed the picket lines to take up needles and produce the ne^^ evening gowns. But the “midinettes” got even by picketing in bras sieres and panties carrying placards saying “This Is How The Prin cesses Would Dress If They Had To Live On Our Wages.” —In Louisiana, a brand new CIO union in a small Gulf Coast town went on strike and discovered that the company had started to import strikebreakers. They appealed for help to all the maritime unions and warned them that if they did help out there was a local ordinance re quiring every person in a picket line to carry a placard. Next day the union sailors walked up the main street of the town and the im ported scabs, after one glance, rushed to the nearest bus station. The sailors, in strict compliance with the law, were carrying picket signs which were post-card size and were tacked onto huge baseball bats which each of them carried on their shoulders. —In San Francisco, an AFL bakery union had to process the grievance of a pastry cook who had promised his employer, when he was hired, that he would give advance notice if he intended to marry. The boss discovered him kissing a girl in back of the bakery one night and fired him. Only whfen the AFL investigated the case was it dis closed that the girl was his wife and he hadn’t violated the contract because he wasn’t asked whether he was already married when the advance-notice of marriage clause was agreed to. —In Tokyo, Gen. MacArthur learned to his amazement that em ployers had been reading about American labor laws and wanted per mission to picket the pickets picketing their plants. What complicated matters or MacArthur was the fact that many employers had an idea that they should pay regular wages to strikers. So MacArthur was faced with the question of whether the bosses could claim pickets’ pay because they were marching in the same picket line. Washington Labor Report RUNNING NATION IS A FULL-TIME TASK By BRADFORD V. CARTER LPA Columnist Americans boast that they like “plain speaking.” So, says editor of the London Sunday Pictorial, do the people of Britain. Ai^^ in that spirit he has answered current attacks on the British by US daily newspapers. Because it’s not liketly to get printed in many of the dailies (including the Chicago Tribune) which have been spread ing slanders about Britain, this columnist would like to give you these quotes: “Here,” the London paper says, “are the specific charges the Am erican British-haters have made against us, and here are our replies: “1—Our Yankee slanderers say that the whole of Britain’s plight can be blamed on Britain’s Labor Government. This is arrant clap trap. Two World Wars—neither of which reached your American shores and both of which benefited your economy—have drained the lifeblood out of Britain. Now, with American aid and our own prodi gious effort, we are busily pumping the lifeblood back.” “Much of our plant is miserably obsolete how could we replace it in the war years? Our export trade was thrown to the winds so that we could concentrate on war production. The bulk of our foreign investments were hurled into the common cause in 1940 and 1941. We emerged victorious but bankrupt.” “A Conservative government, had it been elected in 1945, would have faced the selfsame problems. And, as any fool in Britain knows, it would have been obliged in the end to use methods similar to those employed by the Labor government. Without controls, without ration ing and without planning all would have been irretrievably lost.” “2.—Our Yankee critics are saying that the British are lazy, that other European countries are more speedily solving their problems. This is a thundering insult. More than that, the allegation is mon strously wide of the facts.” “British production in the first quarter of this present year was 131 percent of the pre-war figure for 1938. Of the Western European countries only Sweden (neutral in the war) and Denmark can beat this achievement. Britain is the only Marshall aid country to be earn ing a higher proportion of its dollar requirements than before the war.” “W’ho dare say that these results have been achieved by a nation of softliving slackers enjoying a life of ease at the expense of Ameri can larges.o? Who dare claim any justification for the gibe of the New York Daily News that ‘the old British backbone is turning to pptty?’ “3.—It is alleged that your dollars are being used by the British government to finance a ‘welfare state’—a luxury which hard-workin America cannot afford. This is the most staggering Ite of them spread by your American magnates with the sole object of sabotagim^ a sane, Christian plan they never wish to see imported (for obvious reasons) into America itself.” Britain’s health services, and our poli,cy of full employment, have nothing remotely to do with the cause of Europe’s dollar crisis. They are financed by the highest rate of taxation in the world. And the ‘welfare state’ is far from being a ‘Socialist stunt.’ It will be carried on (if they are returned to power) by Churchill’s Tories. The Con servatives have announced this policy officially.” .... “Dollars or no dollars, austerity or starvation, we will democrati cally vote for the government we want (Labor, Liberal or Tory) whether or not it suits the book of your Wall Street wolves or power drunk political wire-pullers.” “We appreciate, and are deeply grateful for, American help: Let there be no doubt about that. But to say that Britain is living on Am erican charity is nothing more or less than kindergarten economics of which any thinking adult should be ashamed. An alive-and-kicking Europe is just as vital to your future (and to the American economy) as it is to Europeans.” “You want us to save dollars, yet you sneer at our austerity liv ing. You scream at us for failing to sell our goods in the Ameri market—our prices, you say, are too high. Yet you are crippling dollar earnings by piling up your tariffs against us, more than 25 percent on British woolens and 35 percent on chinaware.” “We know much remains to be done. We know we must work even harder. But you may safely relax. We are not an ignorant or indolent people. We’re old hands at extricating ourselves from abom inable messes. And—you may feel sure—we will do it again.” “We ask for a fair hiring, a fair judgment. Too many of you Americans are being fooled by grasping, bigoted tycoons, by brash around-the world-in-one-day politicians, and by your lying anti-British press.” .... •..................... ......—........- assumption of an idea as a fact, the inconsiderate action—these are the lijhied matches we cast aside. If they fall on wood, dried in the heat of misfortune, we have started a flame which may spread, de vouring all that lies in its path. Take care lest you start a forest fire!