OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF
THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS
OULST LIVERPOOL TRADES A LABOR COUNCIL
PtibUghed every l%uradajr at East Liverpool, OSrio. by the N. B. of O. P., owning and
efearating the Beet Trader Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State.
Altered aft Poet Office. East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20, 1902, aa etcond-elaM natter,
AceHM dor mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided fUr In Section 1109.
Act OtOciober 13. 1917. authorised August 20, 1918.
GENERAL OFFICE, N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL rtlONE 575
HARRY L. GILL— ——Editor and Business Manager
One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada. ■■■■. 12.09
Preridnt. Jamw M. Duffy, P. O. Box 752, But Liwpool, Ohio
Flrtt Vice Preaident.—H. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street, National Bank Build
in*, Trenton 8, New Jersey
fiei Ond Viee President Frank Hull, 111 Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park, CaHf.
Third Vice President- James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Onio
Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1045 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey
Fifth Vice President —....Arthur Devlin. 205 Ashmore Ave., Trenton, N. J.
Sixth Vice President---------------------------------------- Frank Dales, East Liverpool, Ohio
Seventh Vice President. .T. J. Desmond, 25 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio
Eighth Vice President.— _______ Joshua Chadwiek, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va.
Secretary-Treasurer- Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
Manufaetnrare M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
Operatives CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN. ERNEST TORRENCE
CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE
__ E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ
BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN, CHAS. JORDAN
DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE
Manufacturers-— ROBERT DIETZ, Sr.. W. A. BETZ, RAY BROOKK
JAMES SLAVEN. OSCAR SWAN, ROSE STEWART
Labor Day Message
By HARRY S. TRUMAN
President of the United States
This is the fifth year in which it has been my privilege
to call upon the American people to observe Labor Day—a
day dedicated to the workers who have helped so much in
the advance of our country to the position of responsibility
and opportunity it occupies in the world today.
The American worker enjoys an economic, political arid
ibdsll status solidly established on democratic principles
and unequaled elsewhere in the world. From time to time
labor has suffered setbacks, but on each occasion its essen
tial strength has asserted itself and progress has been re
sumed. And as labor has progressed, so has the nation.
Labor Day, however, is more than a holiday for cele
brating the achievements of the worker and extolling his
contribution to the forward march of our economy. This
year, more than ever, it is a time for a sober evaluation of
the problems that labor, together with all other groups in
our country, faces in our complex world, and of our mutual
responsibility in meeting them.
Labor has become a full partner in our economy. The
machinery for weighing labor’s needs and for adjusting the
problems of labor-management relations is being developed
and improved through the cooperation of employers and em
ployes. But today labor must also be a full partner in all
our undertakings, not only within our borders but beyond
the seas for in the long run our actions in the field of for
eign policy will affect the welfare of every man, woman and
f. child. It is a source of pride that statesmen in the ranks of
Jabot are alert to their responsibility in this field and are
“making a vital contribution to our international programs.
I am confident that labor will give the same devotion to
rthe attainment of our common objectives at home and abroad
*that it has long demonstrated in seeking better working
♦[conditions, adequate wages and a higher standard of secur
ity for workers and their families.
i You don’t have to be very old to recall that labor’s cam
paign for the 40-hour work week was termed “outrageous”
by many employers and business-minded editorial writers.
Such a thing, they declared, would ruin our economy, give
workers too much idleness, etc., etc.
i Now the 40-hour work week is standard.
And the idea that hourly workers should have annual
vacations was termed “outrageous,” too, when the unions
‘began campaigning for them.
But vacations are now an accepted part of the indus
It’s well to call these things to mind when discussing
the current union drive for jiensions and when making plans
Jto negotiate for guaranteed annual wages.
The pensions requested by some unions have been term
ed “outrageous” and many employers have referred to the
guaranteed annual wage as “an outlandish idea.”
Yet the only “outrageous” thing about Ixith is that
they’re comparatively new. They haven’t been accepted yet.
Pension plans, on a small scale, have operated success
fully for many years, and a number of firms have had real
success with the guaranteed wage.
Big stumbling block in the way of putting lxth into
widespread operation is the old idea that hourly-paid indus
trial workers shouldn’t receive the same consideration ac
corded others in industry.
The current steel industry Case shows Clearly that the
bosses are in favor of pensions—for themselves. But they
balk at the idea of worthwhile pensions for those who work
in the plants.
And the idea that men and women should be paid the
year around isn’t really new. Management representatives
and nearly all “white collar” employes are paid that way.
Well, WeU, Well, Well!
The American Medical Association, which has been
shooting some dirty pool in its Campaign against compulsory
health insurance, produced a couple of lovely lulus the other
day. Both are designed, so the AMA says, to show that the
health insurance plan is something terrible and dangerous.
“For the first time since its founding 103 years ago, the
AMA will seat a Negro physician in the House of Delegates,”
says an AMA press release.
Dr. George F. Lull, AMA’s secretary-general manager,
commented on the appointment as follows:
“This action will serve notice on the socializers who
are attempting to besmirch American medicine for purposes
of political gain that medicine recognizes no boundaries ex
cept the scientific skill and abilities of those admitted to its
And in an address prejiared for delivery by somebody
else at the convention of the National (Negro) Medical As
sociation, AMA Pres.-Elect Elmer L. Henderson of Louis
ville, Ky., said:
“Voluntary health insurance is one answer to the needs
bf those who require budget-basis medical care. Another
answer is educating our patients to give medical care a high
er priority in the family budget.”
H-m-m-m-m. After 103 years! And “higher priority!”
•Out Of This Rope Of Sand'
“The trade union movement in the United States is no
more than a rope of sand. ...”
That was said in an editorial of a NW York daily news
paper near the turn of the century. It was powerfully answ
ered some years before his death by Samuel Gompers, the
great and unforgotten president of the American Federa
tion of Labor.
“Out of this rope of sand,” Samuel Gompers elo
quently replied, “has come a moveinent which the think
ing men and women of the Civilized world have come to
Understand and appreciate for its continent-wide influ
ence for the good of every man, woman and child and
the people generally.
“. There is not a country on the face of the
globe where such advanced progress has been made in
the interest of the toiling masses than has been made
right here in the United States.
“We propose to go onward and forward in the con
stant uplift movement for those who toil, for those who
are dependent upon the toilers, benefiting all the human
family, regardless of what position they occupy in life.”
Yes, this is the eternal heritage of every working man-H
and woman as we celebrate Labor Day, 1949. It is the mean
ing of American trade unionism that has risen to such im-’t
posing heights and has become a pillar of strength and in-i'
Spiration to the workers and oppressed everywhere. Last
but not least, it is the ringing message of Labor Day, first 4
observed in 1882 at the suggestion of Peter J. McGuire, a
pioneering union carpenter and cofounder of the American
Federation of Labor, and made a legal holiday by act of 5
Congress in 1894. 3
Tempest In A Freezer
As most people, including the press and the news asso
ciations, know full well, it has long been custom for people to
give things to high public officials whom they like. Folks
used to send presents to Kings, and still do in lands where
they still have Kings.
In this country there is a constant stream of gifts going
to the President and to other government dignitaries. Every
president since Washington has received them. The gifts
include everything under the sun, including turkeys, calves,
beef-steak, cases of eggs, automobiles and lately, home freez
There’s a drive on now, however, by the big business
boys, to smear, besmirch and generally discredit and hurt
the President. Hence, manv columns of newspaper
are being devoted to a couple of home freezers which were
sent to Washington. It isn’t that the freezers are import
ant, or that there is anything wrong or questionable about
the giving of them the purpose of the publicity blast and of
the congressional interest is to make the whole thing look
bad. They Call that politics, but politics isn’t the only rea
the President. Hence, many columns of newspaper spacer *'tion
It just so happens that the President offended the
mighty men of Wall Street when he defended Labor and the
working people in demanding repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act.
He made enemies. They are getting even.
There’s another angle to the affair, of course. If the
public attention can be centered on a few home freezers,
and if the noise is continued long enough, maybp the people
will forget all about the Untold billions that were stolen from
our government during and since the war and which con
gress should be investigating—and is not. i
Human Resources Greatest National Asset
The Federal Security Agency, headed by Oscar R.
Ewing, bears the responsibility of conserving and strength
ening our greatest national asset—our human resources, the
Mr. Ewing in his ririritial report to the President and to
the Congress listed major gains but called for strengthening
and extension of social security, education, and public health
programs. Mr. Ewing pointed out that “to wait until catas
trophe overtakes us and forces us into hastily devised emer
gency measures is to disregard the most elementary prin
ciples of statemanship.”
Mr. Ewing’s recommendations include:
Social Security—Extend benefits to farm and domestic
workers the self-employed, and other groups of Workers
not now covered increase the amount of benefits available
establish a federal-state system of disability insurance ex
tend the federal-state assistance programs to all indigent
groups. It also calls for the extension of child health and
Education—To meet the growing crisis of the nation’s
schools caused by insufficient personnel and outgrown facil
ities, the report recommends federal financial aid to educa
Health—The report urges expanding scientific research,
investing in the training of highly skilled personnel, provid
ing more hospitals, and bringing medical care within the
reach of all.
The report shows the importance of these measures in
preserving our American way of life. It points out:
“It is not enough to say we must conserve and develop
our human resources in order to add to our national produc
tivity and increase our national wealth. Today, democracy
and the American way of life are facing a major challenge.
“In behalf of peace, we must build up our social and
economic strength no less than our military strength.
In the present world-wide conflict of ideas we must demon
strate conclusively that the individual is healthier, better
educated, and economically more secure were democracy
Facts Demolish Laments
Corporations have been making plenty of money this
year, though to believe spokesmen of some of them busi
ness is virtually nil and economic doom impends.
The facts as to profits are set forth by the Department
of Commerce, which says that in June publicly reiort(!d
cash dividend payments by corporations amounted to $825,
80(1,000. This was 13 percent higher than the $728,400,000
paid during June of last year. Dividend payments in the
second quarter this year totaled $1,498,500,000, which was
10 percent higher than the like quarter of 1948.
This official, government report, accounting for about
60 to 65 percent of all gross cash dividends paid, hardly re
veals any acute corporation poverty. The facts, as the Am
erican Federationist remarks, “demolish the laments of anti
labor employer spokesmen that business is in sad shape.”
Nor is the profit prospect for the rest of the year bad, the
Federationist points out, saying:
“In 1949 corporations are due to gather $2.51 billion
more in profits, after taxes, than they made in 1946, and the
year’s total will probably be nearly double what profits were
in 1929. The President’s Council of Economic Advisers esti
mates that profits this year will hit a lusty $15.3 billion
after taxes. The comparable figure for 1929, boom year,
was $8.4 billion.”
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
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Organized labor has good reason to welcome the decision of a
Maryland circuit judge in declaring the state’s anti-subversive law
.unconstitutional, and in particular his dictum that laws “may punish
acting, but not for thinking.” The law, which became effective June 1,
requires stringent loyalty oaths by public employes and candidates for
office. It provides prison sentences up to 5 years find fines up to $5,000
for membership in an organization deemed subversice, and penalties
up to $20,000 and 20 years in prison for those engaged in subversive
This soft of legislation, the judge tacitly recognized, goes far be
yond the federal loyalty program and other legitimate efforts to se
cure the safety of the United States against plotters from within.
Said the judge at the conclusion of his memorable ruling: “The law
violates the basic freedoms of speech, press and assembly guaranteed
by the First and Fourteenth Amendments, and due process under the
Fifth Amendment. It violates the Maryland Constitution and Declara-
of Rights. Laws may punish acts and conduct which clearly,
seriously and imminently threaten substantive evils. They may not
intrude into the realm of ideas, religious and political beliefs and
Even more significant, from the viewpoint of organized labor, is
the judge’s comment on certain parts of the invalidatx*d law. Referring
to the section which makes it “a felony, subject to 5 years imprison
ment, a $5,000 fine or both, to be a member of a subversive organiza
tion,” the judge wrote:
“Some labor organizations have been characterized as sub
versive. A worker may believe his union is in the control of of
ficers who would direct its activities into seditious channels.
“If that union has a closed shop agreement with management
he cannot withdraw from the organization without losing his job.
If he remains in the union he is guilty of a felony, not because of
any act of commission on his part, but because of his association
“Valuable property rights within the organization may be
lost. The alternative is no job, or conviction of a serious crime, all
without his day in court and without due process .”
The fate of the Maryland law (ultimately to be decided by the
Supreme Court) raises constitutional doubts concerning the Feinberg
law, passed at the recent session of the New York State Legislature,
which bars subversive persons from holding public school jobs. It also
underscores the need for guarding against a legislative witch-hunt
which, among other aims, seeks to purge the labor movement of its
How little that aim is likely to be achieved is proven by the fact
that the noncommunist oath provision of the Taft-Hartley Act has
opened new avenues of escape for communists and fellow-travelers.
For instance, the president of the CIO Food and Tobacco Workers
Union has switched over to the new post of national administrative
director, which allows him to exercise his old powers without legal
Responsibility. The secretary-treasurer of the CIO United Furniture
Workers has “with regret” dropped his membership in the Communist
party. Finally, a top official of the CIO Mine, Mill and Smelter Work
ers Union announces he will continue to fight for communist goals
“with all the energy and sincerity at his command.”
All of which goes to prove that the complex task of routing com
munism from the American trade union movement cannot be accom
plished by legislative fiat alone. What is needed are firm convictions
among the membership and an equally firm determination to assert
their rights as unionists and citizens against any and all conspirators
sailing under the red Hag. This, as has been said repeatedly but ap
parently not often enough, can be done only when the rank and file
know their own mind and take their place in the forefront of the battle.
Pertinent comment on the hostile and ignorant manner with which
large sections of the American press view current economic and social
problems in Great Britain comes from The New York Times.
It is no doubt true, the paper editorial observes, “that socialism
and more particularly the kind of economic thinking that expresses
itself in socialism—can increase the difficulty of solving the British
problem. But to say that socialism created the problem is to display
ignorance of contemporary British political and economic history.
“What most persons really have in mind who attack socialism as
the villain of the piece is the general philosophy rationalized by the
economic theories of the late Lord Keynes, which holds that it is the
duty of the government to maintain demand for goods and services at
maximum levels by compensatory spending and by the deliberate un
balancing of the budget at the first sign of a trade recession. But this
philosophy took form in the Churchill Government in 1944 in the fam
ous White Paper on Employment Policy, a document which receive!
the general approval of the press and public. As a footnote it might
be added that one will search the recent manifesto of Britain’s Tory
party in vain for any suggestion that it is prepared to repudiate this
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DON'T START A FOREST FIRE?
By RUTH TAYLOR
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Have you ever seen a forest fire? Fortunately I have never been
close to one, but just a short time ago I saw a forest fire from the air.
It was miles away but there was menace in that mass of rising smoke.
1 thought of the horrible deadness of land that has been burned over
—of the things that would not grow because of that flame. And I
wondered who had been careless.
For carelessness is the greatest cause of all fires.. People who
did not think, who neglected to take common precautions, who were
too interested in themselves to seq what a conflagration they might
start, who took chances.
As in the case of forest fires, so it is with other conflagrations.
It is the careless word, the selfish act that gives the spark which the
winds of prejudice cause to flame into a raging inferno.
The parent, who before a child thoughtlessly condemns a group
because of the action of one of its members, starts a fire of dislike in
that child’s mind, which, feeding upon misunderstanding, may flame
into a blaze of hatred when the child is grown. Such a fire hurts not
only the people against whom it is leveled, but the child himself, for
it corrodes his ability to judge individuals on their own merits.
The worker who shirks on his job, who demands more than he
gives, starts a flame against the whole ranks of honest workers. The
employer, who in selfish selfinterest, thinks more of his profits than
of the men and women who make them for him, feeds the flame of
communism. The politician who, with his eyes on the next election,
compromises, quibbles and indulges in sharp dealings, starts a fire
against the government of which he is a part.
The member of a minority group who makes a nuisance of him
self, who carries a chip on his shoulder, who cries “anti-whatever-his
group-may-be” when anyone disagrees with him, starts a holocaust
against that group. The member of the majority, who takes special
advantages, who strides roughshod over the minority, starts a fire
against the majority which may well destroy it.
The careless generality, the smartaleck
fltt**O»ll ii n an a
NEWS and VIEWS I
By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT (An ILNS Feature) ", K
wise crack, the boastful
Thursday, September 1, 1949
—In Scranton, Pa., 200 union plumbers went on strike because
their leader and employers couldn’t agree on a place to sign the new
contract which brought improved wages and working conditions. The
employers wanted the pact signed in the Chamber of Commerce build
ing, but the leaders of the plumbers insisted it should be signed at
—In New Jersey, the State Division of Empldf’meht Security set
a national precedent by a decision that a worker who takes time off
to get married and gets fired is entitled to unemployment compensa
tion. It was officially ruled that taking time off to get married is not
—In Paris, France, a group of fencing instructors seceded from
the teachers’ union and set up their own organization. They were im
mediately charged with duel unionism.
—In London the Communist leader of the anti-Communist Amal
gamated Society of Woodworkers was fired from his job because he
claimed that Princess Elizabeth’s new house cost five times as much
as the government said it did.
—In Albany, New York, union bus drivers, members of the Amal
gamated Association of Street, Electric & Motor Coach-Employees
AFL prepared wage demands against themselves. Last March the
drivers bought the bus company and became its owners and directors.
—In France, government game wardens won their demands in a
hurry when they went on strike. They didn’t even have to organize
picket lines. They simply went to the local bistros and over a glass
of wine mentioned casually to farmers where there were the best con
centration of foxes, duck and grouse.
—In Australia, for the first time John L. Lewis’ repeated claim
that “you can’t mine coal with bayonets” was disproved. To break a
Communist mine strike the Labor government called in troops, and
literally the soldiers dug coal with their bayonets. They were able to
do it because in Australia coal is taken from the surface instead of
—In Paris, royalty became scabs and strikebreakers. The Paris
dressmakers, whose fashions are copied throughout the world, went
on strike against their $9 to $12 weekly wages. Wealthy princesses
exile crossed the picket lines to take up needles and produce the ne^^
evening gowns. But the “midinettes” got even by picketing in bras
sieres and panties carrying placards saying “This Is How The Prin
cesses Would Dress If They Had To Live On Our Wages.”
—In Louisiana, a brand new CIO union in a small Gulf Coast town
went on strike and discovered that the company had started to import
strikebreakers. They appealed for help to all the maritime unions and
warned them that if they did help out there was a local ordinance re
quiring every person in a picket line to carry a placard. Next day
the union sailors walked up the main street of the town and the im
ported scabs, after one glance, rushed to the nearest bus station. The
sailors, in strict compliance with the law, were carrying picket signs
which were post-card size and were tacked onto huge baseball bats
which each of them carried on their shoulders.
—In San Francisco, an AFL bakery union had to process the
grievance of a pastry cook who had promised his employer, when he
was hired, that he would give advance notice if he intended to marry.
The boss discovered him kissing a girl in back of the bakery one night
and fired him. Only whfen the AFL investigated the case was it dis
closed that the girl was his wife and he hadn’t violated the contract
because he wasn’t asked whether he was already married when the
advance-notice of marriage clause was agreed to.
—In Tokyo, Gen. MacArthur learned to his amazement that em
ployers had been reading about American labor laws and wanted per
mission to picket the pickets picketing their plants. What complicated
matters or MacArthur was the fact that many employers had an idea
that they should pay regular wages to strikers. So MacArthur was
faced with the question of whether the bosses could claim pickets’
pay because they were marching in the same picket line.
Washington Labor Report
RUNNING NATION IS
A FULL-TIME TASK
By BRADFORD V. CARTER
Americans boast that they like “plain speaking.” So, says
editor of the London Sunday Pictorial, do the people of Britain. Ai^^
in that spirit he has answered current attacks on the British by US
daily newspapers. Because it’s not liketly to get printed in many of
the dailies (including the Chicago Tribune) which have been spread
ing slanders about Britain, this columnist would like to give you these
“Here,” the London paper says, “are the specific charges the Am
erican British-haters have made against us, and here are our replies:
“1—Our Yankee slanderers say that the whole of Britain’s plight
can be blamed on Britain’s Labor Government. This is arrant clap
trap. Two World Wars—neither of which reached your American
shores and both of which benefited your economy—have drained the
lifeblood out of Britain. Now, with American aid and our own prodi
gious effort, we are busily pumping the lifeblood back.”
“Much of our plant is miserably obsolete how could we replace
it in the war years? Our export trade was thrown to the winds so
that we could concentrate on war production. The bulk of our foreign
investments were hurled into the common cause in 1940 and 1941.
We emerged victorious but bankrupt.”
“A Conservative government, had it been elected in 1945, would
have faced the selfsame problems. And, as any fool in Britain knows,
it would have been obliged in the end to use methods similar to those
employed by the Labor government. Without controls, without ration
ing and without planning all would have been irretrievably lost.”
“2.—Our Yankee critics are saying that the British are lazy, that
other European countries are more speedily solving their problems.
This is a thundering insult. More than that, the allegation is mon
strously wide of the facts.”
“British production in the first quarter of this present year was
131 percent of the pre-war figure for 1938. Of the Western European
countries only Sweden (neutral in the war) and Denmark can beat
this achievement. Britain is the only Marshall aid country to be earn
ing a higher proportion of its dollar requirements than before the
“W’ho dare say that these results have been achieved by a nation
of softliving slackers enjoying a life of ease at the expense of Ameri
can larges.o? Who dare claim any justification for the gibe of the
New York Daily News that ‘the old British backbone is turning to
“3.—It is alleged that your dollars are being used by the British
government to finance a ‘welfare state’—a luxury which hard-workin
America cannot afford. This is the most staggering Ite of them
spread by your American magnates with the sole object of sabotagim^
a sane, Christian plan they never wish to see imported (for obvious
reasons) into America itself.”
Britain’s health services, and our poli,cy of full employment, have
nothing remotely to do with the cause of Europe’s dollar crisis. They
are financed by the highest rate of taxation in the world. And the
‘welfare state’ is far from being a ‘Socialist stunt.’ It will be carried
on (if they are returned to power) by Churchill’s Tories. The Con
servatives have announced this policy officially.” ....
“Dollars or no dollars, austerity or starvation, we will democrati
cally vote for the government we want (Labor, Liberal or Tory)
whether or not it suits the book of your Wall Street wolves or power
drunk political wire-pullers.”
“We appreciate, and are deeply grateful for, American help: Let
there be no doubt about that. But to say that Britain is living on Am
erican charity is nothing more or less than kindergarten economics of
which any thinking adult should be ashamed. An alive-and-kicking
Europe is just as vital to your future (and to the American economy)
as it is to Europeans.”
“You want us to save dollars, yet you sneer at our austerity liv
ing. You scream at us for failing to sell our goods in the Ameri
market—our prices, you say, are too high. Yet you are crippling
dollar earnings by piling up your tariffs against us, more than 25
percent on British woolens and 35 percent on chinaware.”
“We know much remains to be done. We know we must work
even harder. But you may safely relax. We are not an ignorant or
indolent people. We’re old hands at extricating ourselves from abom
inable messes. And—you may feel sure—we will do it again.”
“We ask for a fair hiring, a fair judgment. Too many of you
Americans are being fooled by grasping, bigoted tycoons, by brash
around-the world-in-one-day politicians, and by your lying anti-British
.... •..................... ......—........-
assumption of an idea as a fact, the inconsiderate action—these are
the lijhied matches we cast aside. If they fall on wood, dried in the
heat of misfortune, we have started a flame which may spread, de
vouring all that lies in its path.
Take care lest you start a forest fire!
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