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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, September 01, 1949, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-09-01/ed-1/seq-6/

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Labor Wins In Fight For
Friendly Senators on and off the
Rules Committee quickly began
pushing for action by that commit
ftee on the new rule. Speaker Ray
jbum was reported favorable to the
change, provided it was approved
by the Senate Committee. While
JLPA still was outside the gallery,
tthere was hope that it might be
admitted by the time it inaugurates
jits new and expanded service on
iSept. 1.
i The Standing Committee voted
18-2 to recommend the new rule in
long and controversial session
less than a week after LPA I
submitted its appeal from the
former decision. Senators
members of the press gallery
jreacted so favorably to LPA’s ap
peal that all five members of the
committee favored a change in the
rule—the only issue was how to
make it.
Give Your House
That Appearance
Of Coolness With
Need Not Be
John, Greta, Betty, Jack
s -J*** ‘R 4
Membership In Press
Galleries of Congress
,'A- B^\ K
I Washington (LPA)—Labor Press Association won a speedy and
tremendous advance in its battle for membership in the Congressional
Press Galleries last week when the Standing Committee of Correspond
7 ents, which governs the gallery, recommended a new rule for admission
-to the galleries omitting the words on which it had ruled against LPA.
Caught in a cross-fire of criticism from members of Congress and
•J its own press gallery membership over its decision barring LPA from
the galleries, the Standing Committee proposed the first major revision
of the rules for admission to the press galleries in two generations—
since long before there were such things as radio correspondents, and
press associations for labor papers.
The new rule, if approved by the
Speaker of the House and the Sen
ate Rules Committee, will place full
'jurisdiction over admission to the
^galleries in the hands of the Stand
ing Committee and permit it to
*make its own rules. Expressions
from members of the committee in
dicated there was little question
that under this rule Labor Press
Association would be admitted, and
It was obvious, from the day it
was rendered, that thfe committee’s
decision barring LPA as a “special
interest” would not stand in view
of the fact that the press galleries
contain at least 50 members repre
senting trade and financial jour
nals. At the same time the com
mittee voted to bar LPA, it voted
to consider a change in the rules,
but such fast action had not been
expected. Changing the rules has
been talked about in the galleries
for years—but nothing had been
done except for a minor change
two years ago when the Senate
Rules Committee forced the gal
lery to admit representatives of
press associations for Negro news
The committee even voted to al
low LPA temporary membership in
the gallery, pending final action on
its appeal. But this was turned
*80 MUCH
215 WMt Fifth Street
down by LPA on the ground that
it wanted full membership and no
thing that might delay a decision
on that issue.
At the same time the gallery
committee voted to offer tempor
ary use of the galleries to the US
News Service, the State Depart
ment’s “Voice of America.” There
had also been a bitter dispute
within the committee over this-*
although Tass, the Soviet news
service, which is absolutely govern
ment controlled, has long belonged
to the gallery.
Orders Union To
Pay Back Wages
In ‘Unfair’ Case
Washington (LPA)—Last week
the Nat’l Iabor Relations Board
revealed another pitfail into which
an unwary union can be pushed by
the Taft-Hartley act.
As the result of a board ruling,
Teamsters Local 456-AFL of
Mount Vernon, N. Y., finds itself
jointly responsible with an 'employ
er for the back pay of a worker
laid off at the union’s request. In
this case it’s a matter of three
month’s wages for one man but so
far as the principle is concerned it
might just as well be two years to
a hundred.
The board’s decision was made
on charges filed by Ernest Fritz,
Jr., a driver for H. Milton Newman
of Mount Vernon, who accused
both the company and the union
of unfair practices.
The board found that Fritz was
illegally laid off from March 11 to
June 9, 1948, after Local 456 call
ed a seven-day strike of the com
pany’s two remaining drivers. The
"avowed purpose” of the strike
was to force the firing of Fritz be
cause he was three months behind
in dues and refused to pay up.
The layoff amounted to illegal
discrimination against Fritz, the
board found, because the company
and the union did not have a valid
union-shop agreement under the
Taft-Hartley act. When the pre
vious closed-shop contract expired,
the parties entered a union shop
contract without undergoing the
election required to legalize it
under the act. Therefore the union
could not demand a man’s layoff.
Under the Wagner act, only the
company could have been made
ordered to pay back wages. Under
the Taft-Hartley law both com
pany and union can be made liable
and if one cannot pay the other is
wholly responsible.
Labor Documentary On NBC
Washington (LPA)—The famous
NBC weekly feature, “Living-1949”
will dead with episodes from the
studies on “Causes Of Industrial
Peace” on the Sunday, Sept. 4
broadcast The half-hour dramatic
program will be aired at 4:00 PM
Eastern Daylight Time, and will be
built around the studies sponsored
by the labor-management commit
tee of the Nat’l Planning Associa
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
DAWSON Funeral Home are as
10% Were
9% Were
50% Were
31% Were
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Funeral Home
Phone Main 10
Thruout the current dispute, the
company has consistently tried to
break the strike rather than at
tempt to bargain. On August 11
Bell sent a back-to-work invitation
directly to its 1700 production
workers. According to the union
the back-to-work move was a flop.
According to the company it was
highly successful.
UAW subsequently challenged
Bell to an impartial inspection of
the plant. When the challenge was
ignored, 1000 strikers put on their
company badges and entered the
plant long enough to take their
own count and persuade the 15 or
20 workers inside to leave with
As a result of that demonstra
tion, Bell asked Governor Dewey
to semi state troops to the plant.
The Governor flatly refused.
The New York Times reported
last week that “an idependent tour
of the plant showed that produc
tion was at a virtual standstill, al
though there were occasional work
ers to be seen in the enormous
building that- houses Bell’s manu
facturing activities. Most workers
were to be seen in the sections
when* restricted work for the Gov
ernment was under way.” Bell pro
duces jet planes.
Meanwhile, company president
Lawrence D. Bell is complaining
about UAW charges that he is try
ing to bust the union.
“They keep screaming,” he said,
“there’s something unholy, illegal,
awful or reprehensible about bust
ing a union.”
Washington (LPA) Bipartisan
support is being given the drive of
Sen. Scott Lucas, Democratic floor
leader, to bring the displaced per
sons bill to the Senate floor. Be
cause Chairman Pat McCarran
(D, Nev.), of the Judiciary Com
mittee opposes the House-approved
changes in the bill which would
eliminate anti-Catholic and anti
Jewish provisions, he has bottled
up the legislation.
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Mediators Hit Deadlock
In UAW Strike At Bell
Buffalo (LPA)—State mediators
have stepped into the strike of
United Auto Workers at the Bell
Aircraft plant here.
Following requests by UAW,
New York Governor Thomas E.
Dewey last week asked the State
Mediation Board to intervene. The
union says that Bell has flatly re
fused to negotiate either wages or
pensions since the strike started on
June 13.
Msgr. John P. Boland, veteran
mediator, has taken on the job at
Bell. UAW representative John
Spillane, who handled Bell nego
tiations from 1943 to 1946, has also
entered the picture.
SECURITY FIRST—A study by Twentieth Century Fund has
shown that workers’ foremost goal is security, a goal with which man
agement is not wholly in sympathy. This chart is from the Public Af
fairs Pamphlet “Can Labor & Management Work Together?” which
discusses the subject. It is available from Twentieth Century Fund, 330
West 42nd St., New York 18, N. Y.—20c a copy.
Textile Workers
Demand Stop To
Georgia Beatings
New York (LPA)—Emil Rleve,
general president of the Textile
Workers Union of America has de
manded that the president of the
American Thread'Co. stop the viol
ent attacks on union members in
Tallapoosa, Ga., by the firm’s arm
ed hoodlums.
On two occasions recently Am
erican Thread workers from Dal
ton, Ga., members of the union,
have been chased out of’ Tallapoosa
by armed mobs from the company’s
Tallapoosa mill. In addition, a
union member and his wife named
Rochester were beaten mercilessly.
Mr. Rochester was distributing a
Georgia labor paper.
Rieve’s demand that the violence
be halted immediately was includ
ed in a letter to Percival S. HoWe,
Jr., president of American Thread,
which was sent to the company’s
New York office. The union pres
ident told Howe that “mill officials
had prior knowledge of the offend
ers’ plans, and either condoned or
actually encouraged them.’
The union obtained an injunc
tion from a judge of the Georgia
superior court restraining plant of
ficials and workers from interfer
ing with union members distribu
ting organizing literatures, but the
attack on the man and his wife oc
cured after the injunction was
Rieve pointed out in his letter
to Howe that the Textile Workers
and American Thread have main
tained collective bargaining rela
tions for a number of years.
“You know from your own ex
perience that peaceful, civilized re
lations are possible between us,”
Rieve said. “You and other officials
of American Thread do not even
have the excuse of ignorance for
attempting to interfere with the
legal right of your workers to
make a free choices of collective
bargaining agent.”1
The union asked the Justice
Dep’t to investigate the incidents,
using affidavits from union mem
bers that local police saw the beat
ings but refused to stop them.
Meanwhile, Durwood Teal and his
father, Elzie Teal, identified as the
assailants of the Rochesters, have
been arrested and charged with as
sault with intent to kilt. The
Rochesters have filed civil suits
against the Teals.
Chicago Gas Stations
Hit By Truck Strike
Chicago (LPA)—As a strike by
Int’l Brotherhood of Teamsters
AFL entered its third week here
most of the 2000 service stations
in the Chicago area were trine dry.
About SO stations were supply
ing gas to doctors, ambulances and
other emergency users after inde
pendent gasoline jobbers turned
down a union plan whereby they
could have supplied the city with
about 70% of its normal supply.
The gas truck drivers are seek
ing a 17Hc hourly raise.
Union, Employers
Still Deadlocked
In Dock Strike
Honolulu (LPA)—The HfiWatfan
dock strike remained deadlocked
as it neared the end of its fourth
full month despite a new effort to
reach agreement.
As soon as it Was clear that the
deadlock might persist indefinitely,
both the struck stevedoring com
panies and the striking Interna
tional Longshoremen’s & Ware
housemen’s Union invited Cyrus 8.
Ching, director of the Federal
Conciliation Service, to eome to
Honolulu as a mediator. But Ching
declined claiming that impending
business required his presence in
the states.
Ching, however, said that he
would be glad to meet with com
pany and union representatives in
Washington. The employers re
jected Ching’s offer, insisting ’that
al( negotiations take place in the
islands, where federal conciliator
George Hillenbrand has been work
ing on the dispute since before the
strike began on May 1.
The leftist ILWU, which dropped
its wage demand from 32 cents to
26 cents or less, readily agreed to
work further with Hillenbrand but
said the conciliator might not ac
complish much. The employers also
agreed after prolonged discussions.
Wages continued to be the prin
cipal issue.
Meanwhile, the Hawaiian gov
ernment was continuing in the
stevedoring business as authorised
by recent emergency legislation.
Despite the objections of the,
ILWU, nearly 700 government
hired longshoremen were, at the
Intsat count, working eight ships of
wffich all but one were of Ameri
C«n| registry. The remaining ship
Was Panamanians •.
pie ILWU was trying to get an
injunction to keep the government
longshoremen from working, and
from running stevedoring compan
ies, and was demanding three mil
lion dollars in damages from the
governor and legislature of Haw
aii. The territorial government was
seeking an injunction against
creys that might walk off the
strikebound ships that were being
In San Francisco the Matson
Navigation Co. filed secondary boy
cott charges against the ILWU
witl) the Nat’l Relations Board,
elajpiing that the ILWU was fly
ing, “token pickets” to west coast
por£s- Then Matson followed up by
IWar charges against the leftist
Marine 'Cooks & Stewards and the
Independent ^Marine Firemen for
refu^Intf to cross the “token*'
Meanwhile, in Washington the
Robertson committee in the Sen
ate,investigating what it calls
“labjojr monopolies”, after listening
to an employer representative from
Hawaii, announced that it might
investigate the ILWU. The union
an-swered that such ah investiga
tion* should also cover the mono
polistic practices of the “BigTive”
employers in Hawaii. .1*,^
Senate Committee
Approves Carson
Washington (LpA)—Senate con
firmation of the nomination ^f'
John Carson to the Federal Trade'
Commission seemed likely this
week after the Senate Interstate
Commerce Committee finally ap
proved the labor and liberal sup
ported nominee by a straight party
8-4 vote.
Carson was selected by President
Truman to strengthen the Federal
Trade Commission’s fight against
monopoly. But while he was win
ning, the monopolists also scored
a victory when the tertomination of
Chairman Leland Olds, to the Fed
eral Power Commission was shunt
ed to a hostile subcommittee.
The 3*2 vote sending Old's nom
ination to a subcommittee headed
by Rep. Lyndon Johnson (D, Tex.)
probably kills any chance of con
firmation at this session of Con
gress. But President Truman is ex
pected to give the veteran FPC
member a recess appointment
Other developments on the big
business—monopoly front on Cap
ital Hill included:
Development of a deadlock be
tween House and Senate conferees
on the basing point bill which may
block its enactment and leave in
full force the Supreme Court's de
cision outlawing this price fixing
The beginning of a new drive by
California and Texas oil interests
to force through Congress a bill
over-riding the Supreme Court and
turning control of the tideland oil
back to the States. The Adminis
tration has proposed a comproiqise
leaving these rich oil lands under
the control of the federal govern
ment, but dividing their revenues
with the States.
Presentation of a report by the
Federal Trade Commipion show
ing 18 major industries are domin
ated by three companies or less.
Ask for Union Labeled merchan
Irving Fagan, veteran newspaper
matt- from Philadelphia, has been
named editor of the new, nation
wide, co-operative labor news ser
vice—Labor Press Association. The
group took over the facilities of
Labor Press Associates on Sept. 1.
Sees Growth In
Joi Opportunities
In Printing Trades
Washington, D. C. (ILNSj.
The next few years will see “a
continued, but much more moder
ate ahd irregular, growth” in the
number of jobs in the printing
trades, says an occupational out
look study on printing occupations,
prepared by the U. S. Labor De
partment’s Bureau of Labor Statis
tics for the Veterans Administra
This and other Similar studies
are uged as an aid in counseling
disabled veterans in the selection
of their employment objectives.'
The two chief factors contribut
ing to the promising job outlook
are, according to the report, “per
sistently rising demands for print
ed products such as advertising
materials, textbooks and maga
zines” and the “increasing avail
ability of new machinery and sup
plies.” In addition, “unusually
large numbers of job openings are
resulting from retirements and
The BLS report discusses the
employment outlook in a number
of individual occupations in the
printing trades, including hand
composition and machine typeset
ting, proofreading, electrotyping,
stereotyping, photoengraving, press
work and' bookbinding.
Unions Helped On Report
The occupational report on the
printing trades .was prepared with
the cooperation of the Printing In
dustry of America, Inc., the Grap
hic Arts Association of Washing
ton, D. C., other trade associations,
the Joint Lithographic Advisory
Council, officials of many unions,
and members of the staffs of the
Government Printing Office, Bur
eau of Engraving and Printing, U.
S. Employment Service, and other
government agencies. .’
vwa SViiMMfeeF
were in the No. 59 mine df the
Peabody Coal Co. near Springfield,
Ill., when it caught fire Aug. 15 wap
“an outstanding example of how
lives can be saved by intelligent
planning of mine development and
rescue operations and by the in
telligent and orderly conduct of
men when disaster threatens,”
James Boyd, director of the Bur
eau of Mines, told Secretary of the
Interior J. A. Krug. None of the
miners was injured.
Dr. Boyd received a preliminary
report from bureau men who hur
ried to the scene from the Vincen
nes, Ind., office of the Bureau upon
receiving word of the fire.
Escape Shaft Saved 135
The report described how the
men in the mine were notified of
the fire by telephone and directed
to seek safety Immediately after it
broke out. Sixty-two of the men
escaped to the surface through the
main hoisting shaft, but the re
maining 195 men were barred from
the regular mine openings by
deadly fumes from the fire.
Of these, 135 who were working
in the most remote sections of the
mine proceeded to an intake air
and escapeway shaft that had been
completed recently, and were hoist
ed to safety 3 at a time, the bureau
director learned. This shaft had
been provided by the management
in its efforts to cooperate with
state and federal authorities to im
prove the ventilation of the mine
and provide an additional escape
“If it had not been for this auxil
iary opening,” Dr. Boyd said,
“these men probably would have
been asphyxiated.”
The preliminary report described
how the remaining 60 men, trap
ped at the entrance of their section
by smoke and fumes that prevent
ed them from reaching an escape
shaft 150 feet away, were found by
a rescue party consisting of com
pany officials. They were assured
that they were in no immediate
danger, and were advised to stay
where they were until changes
could be made in the ventilation.
After these changes had been
made and the condition of the air
improved, the director was inform
ed, a mine rescue team from the
State Mine Rescue Station at
Springfield provided the trapped
men wjth respiratory protective
devices and escorted them to safe-:
Observing that some of the
Flexible and
rigid arch
styles in ox
fords and
high i o e i
X-ray Fitting
East Sixth Street
Good Planning, Effective Rescue Work
Averted Disaster In Goal Mine Fire
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
The escape of all 257 men who
Swfrfd, Dance/y/and JoyM
Stary of Broadways most y/ortous yfory-girt.MAfUlrffif
“A HUNTING WE WILL GO”—Colored Cartoon
NEWS of the DAY in Pictures
Thursday, September 1 1949
Older Ford Workers
Cheer Pension Plan
Older Ford Worker
Detroit (LPA) —United Auto
Workers is in the best moral and
financial position for a strike that
it has ever been, union President
Walter P. Reuther told a cheering
crowd of Ford employes last week.
Placing any responsibility for a
strike at the feet of the company,
Reuther declared that UAW will
try to win pensions at the bargain
ing table.
However, he assured the 4000
Ford workers, all over 60 years of
age, the union is ready to strike
for pensions if the company con
tinues its present stand.
worst disasters in the history of
American coal mining have been
caused by fires, Dr. Boyd remark
ed that if the management had not
provided sufficient escapeways, if
the men had lost their heads and
become panicky, or if gas masks
and other respiratory aids had not
been available, the fire at the No.
59 mine might easily have been
added to the list.
“As it is,” he told the Secretary,
“it is an illustration of what can
be accomplished when mine opera
tors, mine workers, state mining
agencies and the United States
Bureau of Mines cooperate to in
crease coal-mine safety and save
miners’ lives. Everybody concern
ed knew vfchat to do and did it. The
incident shows how being prepared
for an emergency pays off.”
UJhatever you
may want, you
can have it thru
regular saving
in your account
here., liberal
earnings added
First Federal Savings
& Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.

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