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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, September 08, 1949, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-09-08/ed-1/seq-6/

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AMA Reverses Stand
On HD’s Advertising
Washington (LPA)—The AMA’s
attempt to justify the Minnesota
medical-press' scandal by contend
A ing that doctor advertising is all
right is directly contrary to its re
peated stand in previous years, a
survey this week disclosed.
Since LPA exposed the fact that
doctors in Minnesota had adopted
a resolution approving profession
al advertising in a bid for greater
“cooperation” from the press in
fighting the President’s health in
surance program AMA bigwigs
have been defending advertising.
Byt a search of the files of the
AMA journal shows its attitude in
the past has been exactly
i posite to what it seems to
the op
be now.
In 1932, for instance,
Fishbein, then the official
Iman and editor for the AMA, car
ried the following comment on
medical advertising in the AMA
bulletin, the official journal of the
House ef Delegates:
“The principle that the individ
ual physician shall not advertise
has been recognized both by the
medical profession and the public
since time immemorial. Quack
doctors, particularly in the field
of venereal disease, thrived in the
past thru the space they used in
newspapers. The public cannot and
seldom does attempt to distinguish
between a properly qualified phy
sician and a poor one under mos
circumstances. When doctors ex
ploit themselves through uncon
trolled newspaper advertising. the
difficulty becomes even greater....
.The tendency obviously would be,
therefore, to direct people away
*1 from those best able to serve them,
s “They (the principles of ethics)
do forbid advertising promotion of
Hhe individual physician or of his
♦services when such advertising ex
ceeds the simple business card,
and even this may be considered
/^unethical in a community in which
it is not the local custom.”
Minnesota doctors have been
contending since publication of
.* LPA’s expose that it has been cus
tomary for doctors to advertise in
that area. That is belied by the I
jfact, however, that the medical
■society felt it necessary to adopt a
resolution authorizing advertising
and the fact that the news of this
action was greeted by the Minne
sota Editorial Ass’n us one of the
most significant pieces of news it
had ever carried.
Meanwhile, the AMA’s travelling
road show rfof press agents was still
getting a far better break in the
press than it deserved because the,
newspapers of the country have
carried so little about two recent
embarrassing developments that
even their own reporters do not
know the right questions to ask.
These two developments which
Give Your House 5
That Appearance
Of Coolness With
Need Not Be
John, Greta, Betty, Jack
.- ftr«
the press—except for LPA and the
labor press—has generally ignored
1) LPA’s disclosure of the sec
ret deal between doctors and
editors in Minnesota under which
the doctors dropped their age-old
rule against advertising in order
to win better cooperation from the
press in fighting President Tru
man’s health insurance program,
2) Rep. Andrew Biemiller’s dis
closure in Congress that the AMA
has admitted perpetrating a hoax
on the public by claiming to quote
Lenin that “socialized medicine is
the keystone to the arch of the
socialist state,” a phrase Lenin
never used, but which has been at
tributed to him from ope end of
the country to the other by the
paper Editors received much praise pent—the depression
for its investigation and condem- [economists feared a
nation of the scandal involving thefog°* Unemployment
Illinois editors. It should start an [higher than it should
Will ■AwhIIUII
uneral 1
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
DAWSON Funeral Home are as
10% Were
9% Were
50% Were
31% Were
*SO MUCH foe
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
215 Wert Fifth Street Phone Main 10
So far very few newspapers in
this country have carried either
story, outside of the labor papers I
served by LPA. The Minnesota I
medical scandal has been P^edl NQ STRAPS N0 WIRES No TRICKS—Adhesive tape
up, nowever, by some week y .c* [answer. Invented by a business man after his wife complained she
azines such as Newsweek ano ^neigQyij no^ gef. an even sun *an are (he8e CUp bras, modeled (and very
New Republic. [nicely, too) by Patti Palmer of Boston. Her friend Erik Tone, also is
The famed TRB in the New Re-[wearing cup bras, as you would plainly see if she would only turn
public said: |around.
“Nathan Robertson has broken a
story in his column for Labor
Press Ass’n that is as sensational
in its way as the disclosure about
five per centers. It is reminiscent
of the recent stories of how a large
number of Illinois newspaper edi
tors accepted payment from form
er Governor Green’s Republican[ Washington (LPA)—While the
administration. [evidence is not conclusive, America
“The American Society of News-|siemn to be escaping for the pre-
_______ _____ ___ be in a full
investigation into The’ Minnesota [employment economy, but business
situation at once.” [activity apparently is turning up
Whether or not the newspaper [ward again, although many basic
editors start an investigation,[economic maladjustments remain
which seemed unlikely this week, [uncorrected.
one thing was sure—they were go-[ we ®scaP® depression,
ing to judge the merits of the situ- |aa now seems likely barring
ation themselves and not let the [world economic crisis, it will be
public have a say—because so far [tremendous triumph for the “wel
they have refused to let the public pare state” that was Jaur.chc:
_________ __ ____ launched
even know about Tt^except the fonder President Franklin D. Roose
readers of the St. Louis Post-Dis- belt’s New Deal and carried on
patch and the Minneapolis Morn-[under President Harry Truman’s
ing Tribune______________________[Fair Deal. It will be proof of our
Meanwhile, the AMA road show [successful conversion from a “free
featuring Whitaker and Baxter, [enterprise” system.
the trained press relations seals, For if we escape a depression
with Dr. George F. Lull and other foow, it will be largely due to the
professionals serving as Charley [action of government, rather than
McCarthy’s was playing Chicago, [business. It will be because gov
New Orleans was next on the list, fernment spending and government
_____________ ,,, .. [supports of economic system pre
sented the development of a vic-
1100(1X63 WOlKvl v
fl] Unquestionably we faced the
[danger of a serious depression at
Atlanta, Ga. (LPA) Nearly [that time. There were unmistak
2000 workers laid off at the Rock-[abh* beginnings of a downward
mart, Ga., and Decatur, Ala., [economic spiral—of the kind that
plants of the Goodyear Tire &[has created such havoc in other
Rubber Co. in May will receive [years. Business was frightened, and
$ 1(M),000 in vacation pay, under the|was cutting down inventories,
ruling of Whitley P. McCoy, im- [which slowed down production, and
partial arbiter. [resulted in unemployment. In timeg
On refusal of the company to [past, this kind of action would have
pay vacations after the layoff, the [spread quickly into a general de
United Textile Workers of Amer-[pression.
ica-AFL, started the contract[ Even this time it might have de
grievance machinery. o a n y [veloped that way, if the economy
counsel argued no vacation pay [bloc had had its way in Congress,
was due because the employes were
few months
is still far
|i°us downward spiral last spring
[when business became panicky
a B_____________ |and began contracting in typical
llllll IfjlOttilAn Pfllf
[depression manner.
sharp curtailment of government
laid off before their anniversary [spending, on top of the business
date. Joseph Jacobs, UTAW-AFL [panic, would almost surely have
Southern Director, countered that [sent us into a tail spin. But Pres
the vacations were monies earned, [ident Truman, and his economic
Jacobs estimates vacation bene-[advisors, fought off the short
fits for each worker will range [sighted economizers who were try
from $18 to $120. He believes that|ing to practice Hoover economics,
ns a result of the McCoy ruling, [Government spending continued at
several hundred non-union em- [a high level—and even the most
ployes laid off at Goodyear’s Atco [reactionary businessmen seeing the
and Cedartown plants, also will [demand for goods almost certain
get vacation pay. [to continue began to buy again.
Many labor and liberal econ
[omists believed all the time that
|the depression could be everted by
[continued government spending, in
[view of the basic supports for the
[economic system erected under the
[Roosevelt Administration. They
felt that this system of supports
[had built a foundation for a new
[kind of economic system in Am
erica, where booms and busts could
be avoided.
This viewpoint was described in
Ian article 1 wrote for Harper’s
[Magazine last November, pointing
lout that we no longer had a sys
Item of “free enterprise” but a new
[kind of system that might be call
led a “safe enterprise” system
under which the government was
supporting farm prices, wages,
bank accounts, mortgages, and the
purchasing power even of unem
ployed workers, and also offering
outright government subsidies to
many industries, such as shipping
and air transport.
“What this all amounts to,” the
article said “is not a free-enterprise
system, but a comparatively safe
enterprise system under which our
economic health is founded on gov
ernment credit and government
credit is used not only to battle
depression but to avoid it.”
At that time I did not flatly
forecast that we had rid ourselves
of booms and busts, but did say
that "many economists believe we
will never again have anything
like the crash of 1929.” If we have
succeeded this year in avoiding a
(lepression, as now appears likely,
there will be many more such econ-
Such a system, which I believe
we are building toward, would
have vast implications for busi
ness and labor leadership. It would
remove from business the necessity
to hoard profits, as business has
been doing for the past 10 lush
years in order to be safe during a
depression. Instead of building up
huge reserves of undistributed pro
fits, business could disburse its pro
fits more widely in dividends high
er wages, and lower prices, which
are the ingredients of a lasting full
employment economy. We should
encourage business to take this
constructive action by either rais
ing taxes on undistributed profits,
or lowering taxes on distributed
profits, preferably the latter.
Labor leaders, if they accept the
existence of this new system,
should bargain with employers for
higher wages and lower prices,
rather than higher wages that
force prices up at the expense of
labor-consumers. In a full employ
ment economy workers would not
need such protections as much as
they would need to encourage in
dustry to work on a narrower pro
fit margin for the benefit of the
economy as a whole.
If we are approaching this new
economic system, as I believe we
are, that fact has vast significance
to every American—particularly to
the labor, liberal and farm leaders,
who are doing so much today to
bring the change about.
AMA’s Road Show
Has Tough Going
New York (LPA)—Act Number
2 of the American Medical Asso
ciation’s "road show” had some
embarrassing kickbacks here last
The. AMA after putting on the
first performance in Washington,
moved to Manhattan with its
“troupe”, which includes top of
ficials of the AMA its $100,000 a
year press agents, Whitaker &
Baxter, and an imported British
Aim of the troupe is to stump
the nation’s major cities against
President Truman’s health insur
ance program. In each metropolis,
a big press conference is put on,
and reporters are allowed to fire
away with questions.
Some of the queries put by Got
ham’s newsmen left red faces. For
example, one asked how come the
AMA goes about the country
praising voluntary health insurance
plans, “while your local medical
societies are fighting voluntary
health insurance?”
Dr. Louis W. Bauer, chairman
of the AMA’s board of trustees,
tried to answer that one. He hem
med and hawed and then insisted
local medical units are “not exact
ly” opposing voluntary health in
surance, but only some particular
low-cost medical care plans.
Dr. Ralph J. Gampell, the Bri
tish physician, who was supposed
to tell about the evils of Britain’s
free medical system, found him
self on the spot also. .After he had
denounced the system, one report
er asked:
“Isn’t it true that Conservatives
as well as Laborites support the
health program in Britain?”
“Oh yes, they’re both vying to
claim credit for it,” answered
“Doesn’t that mean a majority of
the people favor the program?”
the reporter inquired.
“Yes, indeed, they think it’a
marvelous,” the doctor replied.
is the
omists—and there will be more
pressure on us to recognize the
fact that we have, a new kind of
economic system.
Mrs. Olive Marie Ulbright, wife
of Carl Ulbright of near Newell,
died Sept. 5 in the Pinecrest Sana
torium at Beckley, W. Vi. She had
been ill for two years and in the
sanatorium for the past six months.
She was 39.
Mrs. Ulbright was born in
Newell and spent her lifetime
there. She was employed in the
decorating shop of Plant 4 of the
Homer Lauglin China Co, until
four years ago. She was a mem
ber of the Newell Methodist
Church and Local Union 124, Na
tional Brotherhood of Operative
She leaves two sons, Carl Ul
bright, Jr. and James Ulbright at
home four sisters, Mrs. Gladys
Smith, Mrs. Evp Howell arid Mrs.
Ruth Dement of Newell, and Mrs.
Helen Wycoff of Chester, and six
b&tners^ Robert DeBee, William
DeBee and fiairry DeBee of Ches
ter, Allen DeBee and Edward De
B^e of Newell, and Howard De
fine of Glenmoor.
The body will be brought to
East Liverpool for burial.
Edgar Allan Johnson, 75, retir
ed potter, died August 31 in his
home on Third St. Ext., Chester,
following a long illness.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Ber
tha Stone Johnson five daughters,
Mrs. Leia McShane and Mrs. Sara
Hoskinson of East Liverpool, Mrs.
Olio Hartill and Mrs. Dprig Bar
rett of Chester, and Mrs. Jesse
Kretzler of Emsworth, P*. a son
Edgar A. Johnson Jr. of
erpool two brothers,
Johnson of Rochester,
two grandchildren.
Employees of the Lenox plant,
affiliated with Lock!. Union 184, at
tended, the sarviefes.
Erwin, Tenn.—Francis J. Sand
ers, il, died August 18 in Ejwin
Community Hospital^ following
short illness. Death was due to a
heart ailment.
A native of' Trenton, N. J. Mr.
Sanders moved to Erwin in 1939
from Hopewell, Va. He was asso
ciated with the Southern Potteries.
He held membership in a num
ber of Masonic bodies. He was past
master of Centennial Lodge No.
491,,past high priest and at the
time of his death secretary of
Erwin Chapter No. 164 Royal Arch
Masons, and a member of Holston
Council, Royal and Select Masons.
Survivors are his wife, Mrs. Don
na Sanders two sons, Francis J.
Sanders, Jr., of Erwin, and Harry
J. Sanders of Bristol, Tenn. two
daughters, Mrs. Donna Smiley,
Charles City, Va., and Mrs. Marion
Hinterchild of Columbus, Ohio a
brother, H. G. Sanders, Toronto,
Ohio and five grandchildren.
Military Buying
Hits Monopoly
Washington (LPA)—One of the
first attempts by the military
forces to live up to the spirit of
the anti-trust iuws was disclosed
list week in a tentative decision
to buy all aluminum for stockpiling
from the two smaller companies in
the field rather than the Aluminum
Company of America.
Washington (LPA) One of
Anti-monopoly forces were
watching the action with fingers
crossed, hardly believing that such
a constructive decision could come
from the armed forces, which in
the past have shown great favor
itism for the big companies. But
they felt the military might be
sufficiently cowed by current in
vestigations of monopoly on Cap
ital Hill to stand by their tentative
Under the proposal an order for
60 million pounds of aluminum
would be divided between Perman
ent? Metals Corp, owned by Henry
J. Kaiser, and Reynold* Metah Co.,
40 percent to the former and 60
percent to the latter. Alcoa would
be left out in the cold.
Demand th* Union Label.
in Han
Mr. Johnson was born
cock county, a son of the late
Mack and Nancy Poe
He was employed last as a jigger
man for the Hall China Co. He
was a member of Local Union No.
12, National Brotherhood 6f Oper
ative Potters and the Christian
East Liv
Pa., and
Trenton, N. J.—Harry A. Brown,
83, former president and chairman
of the board of Lenox, Inc., died
August 8 in St. Francis Hospital
after a short illness.
Bpm jn Bordentown, Mr. Brown
started with Lenox as a book
keeper in 1890 and remained in
business until 1945. He resided at
thaCfrtaret Chib.
Mp. Brown is survived by his
wife, Mrs. Mollie R. Brown two,
sons,. Leroy W. Brown of Morris
ville and Leslie Brown of Trenton,'
president of Lenox, Inc. a brother,
Orson Brown, former mayor of
Bordentown a sister, Miss Mary
Louise Brown of Bordentown five
grandchildren and ope .greatgrand
LLPE HEAD—Labor Day cele
bration of Labor’s League for Poli
tical Education, growing political
arm of the American Federation
of Labor, at Chicago was chaired
by Joseph D. Keenan, (above) dir
ector of the League. Chief speaker
was Charles F. Brannan, Secretary
of Agriculture.
E. Celler Warns
Against Bigness
In U. S. Business
Washington (LPA) Chairman
Emanuel Celler (D, N. Y.) of the
House Monopoly investigators told
a national radio audience last week
that one of his goals is to main
tain as much competition in busi
ness as possible “so that my chil
dren and yours can enter any in
dustry or business they see fit to
enter” without being “barred by
the sheer power of the giants.”
“Too many of our industries are
being sewed up by mergers into
closed systems where only a power
ful maverick like Kaiser or Rey
nolds can occasionally break in,”
Celler warned.
Citing some of the statistics his
committee has been gathering on
the growth of big business in Am
erica, and the control of major in
dustries by a few big companies,
Celler said:
“I deprecate the idea that effic
iency and lower prices only come
with bigness. We know that in
many lines the middle sized con
cerns are either more efficient than
the big ones—or else there is no
positive difference. And lower
prices do not always accompany
The New York Congressman
echoed the warning of many of the
witnesses before his committee that
concentration of economic power
into a few hands leads to totalitar
ianism, and is inefficient because
big monopolistic industries do not
have to be efficient to survive.
“We must deplore the weaving
in this country,” he said, “of the
pattern that gave us in Nazi Ger
many and Krupp Thyssen and
I.G.M. industrial empires. It is
time we stopped, looked and listen
Celler said that Great Britain
had failed to stop, look and listen
in time. It had no anti-trust laws,
add big concentrations of business
were encouraged—making it easier
for the government to take them
over and convert them into social
istic industries. He suggested that
the same thing might happen here.
Jobless Claims
Show Beeline
Washington (LPA)—The down
ward trend in layoffs which began
back in mid-July continued to be
reflected during the week ending
Aug. 27 by falling unemployment
as measured by unemployment in
surance claims, the Labor Dep’t
Bureau of Employment Security
announced. In other words, fewer
people were losing their jobs.
ending Aug. 27,
and “continued”
slightly, the bur-
In the week ending Aug. 27,
both “initial”
claims declined
eau said.
indicative of new
Initial claims
unemployment dropped by 15,700
during the week to 251,000, a new
low for 1949, Bureau Director
Robert C. Goodwin reported.
Continued claims, representing
the number of claimants who have
been unemployed for one week or
longer, declined during the week
by about 50,000 to 2,138,700.
The Bureau of Employment Se
curity said that this drop “largely
reflects the decline in new unem
ployment in the preceding week
and the reopening of plants which
had been closed.” However, some
of the decline was due to the fact
that many jobless workers are ex
hausting their rights to obtain un
employment pay before finding now
jobs, the bureau added.
During the first six months of
1949 state agencies found that
809,500 unemployed men and
women exhausted their benefit
rights. This was 45 percent more
than exhausted their rights during
the first six months of 1948. How
ever, the bureau said, the increase
in benefit exhaustions was not as
great as the increase in unemploy
ment pay claims. I
Talented women scare hell out
of ordinary men.
Albany, N. Y. (ILNS).—Three-*-—__ _----
week paid vacations won in a
dozen Canadian mills have set a
pattern that may spread through
out the paper making industry and
into other industries as well, says
the Paper Maker, monthly publica
tion of the International Brother
hood of Paper Makers.
The 3-week vacations were nego
tiated by representatives of the
Paper Makers and International
Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite and
Paper Mill Workers. “This is the
first time in any industry that such
important gains have been scored
on such a large scale,” the Paper
Maker reported.
Workers at the Ontario, Spruce
Falls and Great Lakes companies
will receive the 3-week vacation
after 15 years of service, beginning
next year. Workers at the Canad
ian International, Lake St. John,
Lawrence, Anglo-Canadian and
James McLaren mills will receive
the vacation after 20 years of ser
vice beginning this year.
“Vacations of 3 weeks are not
unknown,” declared IBPM Pres
ident Paul L. Phillips following the
negotiations, “but neither are they
commonplace. In scattered plants,
employes receive 3, 4 weeks and
even more.
“These isolated instances have
been the exception, rather than the
rule. One region, Wisconsin, has
over the years made considerable
progress in lengthening vacations.
Probably more members receive 3
weeks vacation in Wisconsin alone
than in all other regions combin
Phillips pointed out that last
year the Paper Makers and Pulp
Workers established the pattern of
wage increases eventually adopted
in numerous industries.
“Now,” he said, “with unemploy
ment figures rising, our first ob
jective should be a planned pro
gram designed to create more johs
and increase the purchasing power
of all the workers in all lines of
“Through such things as longer
vacations, less overtime and addi
tional holidays, we can improve the
general welfare, prevent the spread
of unemployment and achieve a
greater degree of security for our
selves and those dependent upon
In addition to the extra holiday
benefits, countless adjustments in
individual rates were won in some
mills. Some adjustments were won
in all mills.
Flexible and
rigid arch
styles in ox
fords and
high shoes
X-ray Fitting
East Sixth Street
Thursday, September 8, 1949
Three-Week Vacations Seen Coming
For Workers In All Paper Mills
Builds $250,000
Clothing Plant
In Carrarra, Italy
New York (LPA)—More than
400 men and women of Carrarra,
Italy, will soon be working on full
time jobs, because members of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
in this country put up the $250,
000 to build and equip a modern
clothing factory in their commun
The plant was formally turned
over to the municipality of Car
rarra on Sept. 3, but Philip De
Luca, a Philadelphia ACW official,
is staying on to assist in getting
the plant on a working basis.
Besides the clothes-production
facilities, the plant includes a nur
sery for children of working moth
ers, modern lavatories and shower
rooms, a cafeteria and recreation
President Jacob Potofsky. of
ACW hailed the project as “a liv
ing example of what a democratic
trade union can do in spreading
effective and practical goodwill
across the seas.
“It was in response to appeals
to help ameliorate both the acute
unemployment situation among
Italian clothing workers and the
clothing shortage in Italy.’
We help
many families
save money
safely, and
we can help
your family
do it also
First Federal Savings
& Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.
NEWS of the DAY
Screen May by ROBERT AROREY Based on the Novel by GUSTAVE FLAUBERT

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