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1 1 I -1 I* i i I I I gi- 4 I" .. s V- if i :lf 2. i 1- Ehw n*' 4X'.. -^7 ’'7/ 7 r" SI. I ri td w .■ ■-t •’V U r.: 'Hi 'j 3MT2 wjt -3V 1 r' 1 |4 s V- it ’j ft "jO e,. :,V ip-V- •If A- n~ tf. MP 4 i .i w y,‘ SC'^FR the forces, and some teachers in the city. Th'-.-e meetings were not only plans and promotion. They includ ed a reading every time from Cowling’s pamphlet, “A Short In troduction to Consumers Coopera tion.” Talks and explanations, when possible, from some of the Dillonvale folks. A sound beginning —based on education in the prin ciples. The thing was growing. And “Dales, Garner & Cubberly” came to be household words. A letter from them twice a month as regu lar as the 5 o’clock whistle at the plants. Words of progress, of the need for all to attend the semi monthly meetings and to bring oth rs. In April a real boost. The board of the Co-op at Dillonvale voted unanimously to accept the group into membership providing thu got 200 paid-up members. It was a challenge. Meanwhile, a location was being sought. It was tough. High prices for fixtures and rent. One sold to anotlp party, preferring not to deal with this unusual kind of bus- -«wws‘. *. Co-Op Store In East Liverpool Becomes A Reality After Long Hard Struggled A deep conviction as to the values of consumer cooperation, a wonderful stick-to-itiveness in spite of discouragements and the spend ing of hours of personal time in planning and promoting. Does this sound like the Rochdael pioneers? It is the story of ihodern co-op pioneers in East Liverpool, Ohio, carrying on in the spirit of Roch dale and finally, after 21 months, opening up their own co-op food store. These are peters men and women whn ^pend their working hours fafcl-it’iiing lumps of clay into items of beauty, and use for homes all over the world. “The Pottery Center of An-rjrica,” this Ohio River city has been known as. In the West Virginia towns of Newell and Chester across the river, too, reside potters—some of thvin cn np members. The _iily •a.-’on we have a story to tell is that a few of these folks, united through membership in the National Brotherhood of Operative Potter, heard of their American Fed* ration of Labor’s endorsement of consumer co-ops as a way to gain some control of the other end of the pay cheek. They not only heard—they act 1! “There is a consumer coopera tive near you,” the A of told them, “an old and successful one —New Co-op Co., Dillonvale, Ohio. Visit them.” So in Nov., 1947, three interested potters drove south along the river 46 miles and back into the hills a little to Dillonvale. Friendly cooperators showed them the big new wholesale, the packing plant, the department store arid rme of the 11 food and general Biures in the mining communities around. The committee was impressed. They wanted their co-op existent as yet only in the dreams of a few, to be a part of this strong and ex perienced one. “With work on your part, it can happen,” they were as sured. So an organizing committee was formed and in Jan., 1948, potters began to get letters about a strange new animal called “co-op”. Thoy saw ads and stories in their union paper about it too and in the community paper. Officers of locals were notified by the national office (located in East Liverpool) were urged to attend meetings at the NB of OP hall and bring other members. The first two meeting calls brought little response. But finally pay dirt—ground for encourage ment. They read the New Co-op Co. leaflets. Many indicated inter est, some bought shares in the co-op, a few agreed to help con tact others. Two families who had been members at Dillonvale joined You Can See the Cream ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SANITARY Used Exclusively By Golden Star Dairy Phone 3200 i a tn ifjr" •?.',rjf^Wi iness. Another wouldn’t rent be cause they knew of a co-op that had failed and “co-ops can’t com pete,” they said. Prolonged negoti ations with another, And so it went. Things looked dark.* Members might tire of waiting and want their money back, they feared. Meetings still held but not much to report except that the deter mined three were exploring every lead for a location. Things were dead—and by now it was spring again. A year and a half and no store. “We might have to forget it!” They said it at Dillonvale. But not at East Liverpool—the store search continued not one member lost faith and withdrew. And then suddenly a supplier wrote Dillonvale of a store in a resib iitial neighborhood wrll eslabh^lied, neat and clean—Whose partners wanted to sell out. It was done—quickly and on May 2 this year the co-op members of East Liverpool and vicinity had the long awaited opportunity of buy ing food needs in their own store. Now the co-op serves an increas ing number of members. Over 200 families have shares or are partly paid up. At the organization ban quet, New Co-op’s credit manager, Azallion, congratulated the mem bers on “your continued faith in the project and your strenuous ef forts to see the |hing through.” He had seen it through from the other end too—since that first visit of inquisitive potters. And with whom have the people entrusted responsibility for the first crucial year? “Dales, Garner & Cubberly”—eager still to help it grow. And County Auditor Vorn dran, one of the former owners. He’s caught the spark and is tell ing his neighbors about it. And Kountz—also a former grocer. So, a co-op is born. Aided in this instance by old hands in the game. Showing, nevertheless, what ten acious faith by a few in an ideal can do in forwarding co-ops—of, by and for the people. A Co-op Open House is to be hold at the newly-remodeled self service Co-op store here the even ings of October & 7 from 7 to 10 p. m. Features include food demon strations, free samples and baskets of groceries as door prizes. The Co-op, located at 1401 St. Clair Ave., is owned by about 150 consumer-families in the East Liv erpool area. It opened in May of this year after a year and a half of organization work by interested consumers. The Co-op is a member store of The New Co-operative Co., Dillonvale, Ohio. Membership is open to everyone. All are invited to attend the Open House Thursday & Friday evenings, stated secretary of the merchandise will evenings, Gamer 1 Willard Garner, organization. No be sold on those added. Buckmaster Cleared By URW (’(invention Toronto (LPA) Delegates to the annual envention of United Rubber Workers have cleared their president, L. S. Buckmaster, of charges on which he was expelled from office by the union’s execu tive board last May. By a vote of 840 to 740, the dele gates reinstated Buckmaster as URW president, and by a vote of 867 to 727 (unofficial tally) they re-elected him to a new term in office. In his appeal to the convention for reinstatement, Buckmnster claimed he had been expelled by “power-hungry politicians who set aside constitutional union govern ment to further their own ends.” Buckmaster was dismissed for “malfeasance in office” on* charges of the Pottstown, Pa. local. He had been trying to make reforms in the administration of the local. I AM “Wood Lung” Saves Life Bloomington, IB. (LPA)—Rudy Liindherr, 8, is alive because the tool and die makers of IAM Lodge 1OC0 speedily built a “wooden lung” when emergency treatment was needed, and all the iron lungs in town were in use. The boy is one of five of six children in his family stricken with polio. The union men and the Eureka-Will iams Corp, cooperated in designing and constructing the “wooden lung.” a a a ■at 00 Mwmciai Money Loaned FOR PURCHASE AND IMPROVEMENT OF HOMES 5% Monthly Reduction The Potters Savings & Loan Co. WASHINGTON & BROADWAY BAST LIVERPOOL. OHIO OFFICERS: JOHN PURINTON. PiMddeat ALWYN C. PURINYON. SeattWY GBA& W. HENDERSHOT. IOS. M. BLAZER. Treasures k Vice President W. E. DUNLAP. JB. Attorney For lo! the very stars are gone, Brave Admiral speak what shall I Say?” “Why say: ‘Sail on! Sail on! And on!” Then pale and worn, he paced his deck, And peered through darkness. Ah, that night Of all dark nights! And then a speck— A light! A light! At last a light! It grew, a starlit flag Unfurled! It grew to be Time’s burst of dawn. He gained a world, he gave that world I Its grandest lesson: “On! Sail on I” Work Picks Up (Ce«/tH«/’^ From One) has also been very busy but we were glad to hear he was able to head that long awaited conference committee meeting with the firm in which many problems hanging fire were straightened out. I As a personal touch in this re port to the trade, the writer be lieves ‘Big Steel’ should have gone along with the recommendations of the government Fact Finding Com mittee and hopes they will do so in the end. Our very sincere sympathy to Charles Zimmer, Jr. in the recent loss of a baby hoy and to the grandfather, Fourth Vice President Charles Zimmer and the immedi ate family. —O.C. 46 Buy Union-Made goods from others as you would have them pay Union wages unto you! ... '^7 if an fl n n n tn an n hub gnt ntn tea PARALYZED FROM THE WAIST DOWN—Ralph Swim, disabled in a coal mine accident, has been retrained and now does skillful watch repair work. Swim’s union helped cover his expenses at a state operated rehabilitation center in Virginia. Oct. 2 to 8 has been decreed by President Truman as Aid the Physically Handicapped Week. Everyone is urged that week to find jobs for handicapped workers. a a a a tan a a THE LESSON OF COLUMBUS By RUTH TAYLOR “Behind him lay the gray Azores, Behind, the Gates of Hercules Before him not the ghost of shores, Before him only shoreless seas.” So begins Joaquin Miller’s great poem on Columbus—a poem for all those who are facing a time of danger. Columbus had only a be lief by which to sail. He set out into an unknown ocean, which the fears of more timid men had peo pled with fabulous monsters and half-hinted perils. His ships were small his crew mutinous, his sec onds in command envious that this “foreigner” should be placed over them. All he had was an idea—a plan which was new, and which wise men swore could never be carried out. But he did it. He set his course straight ahead and stuck to it. The monsters did not appear—but un forseen hardship did. The ships were becalmed for days in the Doldrums—that patch of ocean where the wind seldom blows. The provisions and water ran low, and the ocean was wider than his wild est calculations. But still he went on. What he faced, we face today. We face the difficulties of unem ployment, aid to Europe, the de fense program. We will need the extra energies of men to pull us through the inaction of the Dol drums. We will have to meet with and handle mutinous subversive forces and envious, self-seeking leaders. But where Columbus had the idea of a new road to the Indies, we have the proven ideal of The New World, where democracy has an opportunity to progress, and where all men arc free. If we steer straight ahead, along the course we know to be right, with our faith in the sanctity of the in dividual and in the inborn right of all men to be free and equal, as our guiding star, we will reach our goal of a better world for all men. But we must persevere—or to take the original meaning of the word—we must follow through! “The good mate said: “Now must we pray UAW Wins $100 Pension For Ford Workers At 65 Detroit (LPA)—In a settlement that may becorAe a milestone in the mass production industries, United Auto Workers has won a $100-a-month retirement pension for 116,000 employes of the Ford Motor Co. The settlement was reached just before a strike dead line. Workers 65 and over are eligible for the pension, with retirement compulsory at 68, except in cases where the worker has not yet ac crued 30 years and would like to. The $100 is based on an 8% cent* per-hour contribution by Ford plus the amount received by workers under the present social security laws. If government social security payments go up, the Ford pay ments automatically go down, keeping the total pension at $100. The pension plan was arrived at in bargaining centering around the recommendations of the President ial fact-finding board in the steel industry. The contract, effective Oct. 1 also includes a health insur ance plan already in effect. Ford pays 1% cents into the health plan. The contract runs 2^4 years, with a reopening on all economic issues except pensions in 15 months (Jan. 1, 1951). The pension plan runs beyond the other contract provis ions to April, 1955. The fund starts March 1, with payments to work ers beginning April 1. A union spokesman pointed out that this gives General Motors time to start a similar plan on the same date. UAW President Walter P. Reut her hailed the agreement as “a historical step forward in labor’s drive to destroy the double econ omic and moral standards in Amer ican industry.” The auto union leader declared the Ford settle ment “will be used as a basis for a similar agreement with Chrysler.” Reuther said the formula “should point the way in th? steel indus try.” Big steel, however, showed no signs of giving in to similar union demands. Henry Ford II, sailing for Bri tain the morning after the 35-hour final negotiating session ended, told newsmen the plan is “good for the company and good for the men.” John S. Bugas, Ford vice-pres ident who negotiated for the com pany, said he believed the new con tract “opens the door on a long period of sustained labor peace and productivity.” The plan will be administered by a joint company-union board of trustees which will pass on quali fications of employes. The company retains the right to appoint a bank or trust company to handle the fund. Original UAW demands sought the complete pension for workers at 60, as well as an hourly wage boost. A survey of production workers in tKe auto plants showed that the men preferred pensions and other security provisions to a wage raise. E( A FINALLY GETS FUNDS Washington (LPA) The long deadlock over Economic Coopera tion Administration funds to carry the Marshall plan into its second year finally ended Sept. 29. Con gressional conferees approved ap propriations that will allow ECA to spend funds for European re covery at the rate of about $362 million a month, contrasted with the $315 million-a-month rate in the first year of operation. i -r -r \.l THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO himh Dairy Profits Too High, Senator Gillette Says Washington (LPA)—Testimony showing that the National Dairy Products Corporation is making 10 per cent profit on its investment, after all taxes, drew from Chair man Gillette (D, Iowa) the com ment that such profits were “al together too high,” at a Senate in vestigation of food prices this week. First witnesses, as the Senate Agricultural Subcommittee opened an investigation of the spread be tween farmers’ prices and retail prices were L. A. Van Bomel, pre sident of National Dairy Products and Theodore G. Montague, pres ident of the Borden Co. Both presented their profits in terms of the percentage of dollar Bales, which made them look as small as possible—National Dairy Prbducts 2.6 per cent, Borden’s 2.95 per cent. But under committee question ing, these small percentages turn ed out to be $26,000,000 and $19, O()0,000, respectively, which the committee disclosed were far high er than under price control prior to 1946. Gillette also converted the figures into profits as related to invested capital and came out with percentages of 10 and 8 per cent, instead of less than 3. Paul Hadlick, Committee counsel, pointed out that .Borden’s profits were twice as high as they had been under price control and were reported to have risen another 12 per cent this year. He said the story for National Dairy Products was similar. The Committee wanted to know why prices to consumers had not dropped as farm prices went down. Both Senators Gillette and Young (R, N. D.) indicated they felt the companies were making too much, although the witnesses strongly dissented. After the hearing, Gillette told I.abor Press Association he felt the profits were “altogether too high” considering the little risk involved in such operations and the quick turnover of products. Had lick at the hearing drew from Van Bomel an estimate that his com pany turned over its investment six times each year, and that for that reason the 2.6 per cent pro fit on volume did not mean much in relation to real profits. Gillette noted that a farmer turns over his investment only once each year. Here is the way the profits of Borden have zoomed since price control was removed: 1944 (price control fully effec tive) profits $9,987,000 1945 (prices controlled)—profits $12,093,972 1946 (price control killed)—pro fits $19,581,000 1947—profits $19,793,000 1948—profits $19,179,000 In an opening statement, Gil lo th* said commodity prices had dropped 20 per cent wholesale prices only 10 per cent, and retail prices only three percent. He said this lag in the price of retail pro ducts was not healthy and repre sented either inefficient operations or “inordinate profits” for distri butors. Gillette read a letter from a friend complaining about the high price of milk, as compared with the price the farmer gets, andf blaming the difference in part on high labor costs. Van Bomel’s testimony re futed this. He showed that labor costs for his company take only 16 cents out of each dollar paid by consumers as compared with more than 20 cents only 10 years ago, despite many wage increases. Nearly everybody listens to the radio more than he likes to admit. Hopes For Early Steel Settlement Dim, 500,00 Out Pittsburgh (LPA)—As the strike of the United Steelworker.1 against the baronies of steel swept through its first week, hopes foi an early settlement were dim.. Key negotiations here between a union committee headed by Philip Murray, president of the Steel workers and the giant United States Steel Corp, remained dead locked on the central union 'de mand that pensions for the 500, 000 men involved be 100 per cent financed by the companies..: US Steel’s refusal to budge from its insistence that the workers cut their take-home pay to finance part of their pensions precipitated the strike at 12:01 a. m. on Oct, ,1. The last ditch efforts' of Cyrus S. Ching, chief of the Federal Con ciliation Service, to avert the walk out went for naught as the firef were banked in more than 30C mills across the country during the last hours before the strike dead line. The union’s pre-strike position waa based on the recommendations of a fact-finding board appointed by President Truman in mid-July At that time, the union postponed a strike two months until the fact finders could issue a report. Last month the three-man fact finding panel made its recommen dations. It held that the union should drop its demand for a wag£ increase but reinstate it later il steel prices failed to drop. But it also recommended thal the steel industry pay all the costi of a welfare plan and a pension plan to bring steel workers’ retire ment income from federal social security to $100 a month. Tht panel recommended that the indus try pay 10 cents an hour per mar to support the entire program. The union accepted the recom mendations in their entirety even to dropping its original wage de mand. The companies led by US Steel rejected them, but finally agreed to pay the 10 cents provid ed the employes would top it with a further contribution. The union turned this proposi tion down coldly. President Murray pointed out that if the union agreed to it the steel workers would in effect be accepting a pay cut. Th? strike, delayed 77 days beyond its original July 16 starting date, then became1 inevitable when US Steel stood pat while the Ford Motor Co. settled with the United Auto Workers for 117,000 workers on the basis of the steel fact-find ers’ report. How long the strike would last was a matter of pure speculation. Lowest estimates were about two weeks, but other guesses were longer, much longer. It was up to US Steel whose executives stub bornly refused to pay the “non contributory” pensions. It was a matter of principle, they said. Ironically enough, the same ex ecutives stand to draw pensions on retirement to which they never contributed a nickel. Some of these executive pensions will be upward of $56,000 a year, the union dis closed. At a press conference here on Oct. 1, Mr. Murray said that the union offered US Steel three pro positions on which the dispute could be settled. But he said the corporation had declined all three. The proposals were: 1—A contract based on accept ance of the fact-finders’ report. 2—A contract based on the above plus a 12%-cent an hour pay in crease. 3—A contract based on the union’s original demand that the company pay an extra 30 cents an hour to be distributed among wages, a welfare plan and a pen sion fund. Frey and Gray (ContitiueJ From Pafe One) of the T-H act, and that it will dig deeper and deeper unless it is re pealed. “The law,” he snid, “contains provisions which, if applied, could bankrupt pretty nearly every in ternational union in the country^ As it stands now, the law is com pelling some of our international unions to spend about as much money for lawyers* fees and court costs as all of the other expenses of organizations put together.” Drive For (Coaiinued From Page Ont) income groups.” MVA—“Our position in support of a Missouri Valley Authority re mains unchanged.” MERCHANT MARINE RKr SERVE—Proposed legislation for such a reserve is denounced. “Its underlying purpose would be that of a strikebreaking agency,” the council warned. I RENT CONTROL—Relaxing of controls in many areas is criticiz ed. Rent control program, the coun cil said, “must be maintained and strengthened until naw homes are built in sufficient volume.” Demand the Union Label. Joe Ball Has 4 New Job As Lobbyist, Natch Washington (LPA) Ex-Sen. Joseph Ball of Minn., a strict Taft Hartley man before he was upset by Sen. Hubert Humphrey, is now a full-fledged, journeyman lobby ist. Ball has been named vice-pres ident of the Ass’n of American Shipowners and manager of the group’s Washington office. The one-time senator served his apprenticeship last spring when he helped veteran lobbyist Gerard Reilly fight Taft-Hartley repeal. Reilly, while toiling*in behalf of General Motors and General Elec tric, turned some hack work over to Ball and paid him rather hand somely—some $3500. In making public Ball’s new job, George W. Morgan, president of the Ass’n of American shipowners, said the shipping industry was glad to have the “counsel and ad vice of a distinguished and exper ienced public figure who will bring a fresh point of view and a new vigor.” Israel’s Sailors Win Vacations, New Members Tel Aviv, Israel (LPA) The Palestine Seamen’s Union has won broad social provisions including vacations and cost-of-living allow ances for the men of Israeli’s growing merchant fleet. Seamen with two years at sea get two-week vacations annually. Men with more sea-time get an extra day for each additional year. The improvements were obtained through negotiation. The union, whose members in clude ships’ officers as well as un licensed men, is now organizing the crews of floating cranes and dredges as well as tugboat men and pilots. HEART Heart disease* claims about 625, 000 lives in he United States every year. As part of a nationwide effort to reduce this toll, the Na tional Heart Institute this week an nounced the distribution of more than $8 million in Federal funds to medical schools and other institu tions for education and research projects in all phases of ills of the heart and blood system. One of the projects concerns a promising treatment for high blood pressure, which affects about one of every two persons over 50 years old. li 3 W andplenty of it... YOU’VE FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY heard a lot about now power plants naw being built and how they’ll make more electricity fer you tomorrow. It's all true. We are expending, facilities at a rapid rate. But thore's a certain undercurrent of rumor natural enough, but sheer rumor just the same. It concerns the reason for this now construction: If new plants are being rushed, some seem to figure, it must bo to out strip some “power shortage'' that exists or threatens today. That part just isn't so. This company Is anticipating your future needs. But it also has all the power you ^od right now today. i Fact is, wo. have man out constantly, calling on indus tries and homos and farms in person, selling them power “for immediate delivery.'' Through printed advertising like this, we're tolling our present customers thet we have power fer sale more power than they're now using extra power they could uso to their own advantage. Wo advertise nationally, toe. Industrialists outside our service area are repeatedly told about the benefits of locating hero. Through magazine ads and direct mail, we stress the natural and human resources of our tor* ritory, its proximity to materials and markets and the abundbnafl of law-cos*, dependable electric power. r- Fewer shortage? Not in any of the communities wo eervel Greater demand, yes. The demand's been greater ovory year siifco the war. But every year we've mot the demand in full. We've get power for sale aplenty. n. OHIO POWER «. M-'-" W 7,-*"*. fF* --■■'T'."-.-■ ,.f .’W/ •■i .♦ **y y ♦*'. '■«'.* *••_■! .'^4 1 Hi .' I w1 z"v”3 -LSi •*. Thursday, October 6,2949 Woodworkers OK’s Action In Pulling Away From WFTU Vancouver, J. Cl (LPA)—The International Woodworkers of Am erica approved the action of the CIO Executive Board in disaffiliat ing from the World Federation of Trades Unions. Approval was one of the first actions taken at the 13th annual convention which opened here Sept. 26, with 600 delegates and visitors attending. The WFTU was assailed for failing to serve the purpose for which it was created, and for be ing used “as an instrument of vil lification and abuse against free and democratic governments and free and democratic trade unions.” Discussing trade relations be tween the US and Canada, union president J. E. Fadling said “we Cannot have reciprocal trade be tween countries if we start exclud ing commodities at the request of every industry which would like world trade to be a one-way street for their particular product.” Regarding unemployment in the lumber industry, Fadling said the real reason was not importation of logs and lumber from Canada, but rather “the squeeze the large com panies in the states are putting on the gyppo logger to force down log prices or force them out of busi-^^ ness altogether.” Willigm Mahoney, western dir ector of the Canadian Congress of Labor, told the delegates they had set the pattern for dealing with disruption within the union. “You have made it clear that workers in the United States and Canada will not go along with the sort of treacherous leadership displayed by Pritchett and Dalskog in their secessionist movement in British Columbia last year,” Mahoney said. MARTIN Funeral Home 4'*’ ..