Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, October 6, 1949
By DONALD WOODS Washington (LPA) For the second time ip two years the Am erican Medical Association has been denounced by one of its own press agents, for unprofessional, dishonest and shady tactics, in fighting President Truman’s health insurance law. This second blast may be enough to upset the apple cart of Whitaker and Baxter, the $100,060 a year team of profession al promoters who have taken over since the exit of fhmed Dr. Morris Fishbein. Last week’s denunciation of AMA’s tactics came from David Brown, former editor of Liberty Magazine, who after a few weeks with the medical association as $15,000 a year Editorial Director of their campaign, resigned be cause Re could not stomach their tactics in fighting the President’s health insurance program. The story of Brown’s break with the AMA was reported exclusively by Robert S. Allen in his syndicat ed column for the New York Post. Allen had a copy of Brown’s letter of resignation and knew what he was writing. But the story threw AMA headquarters into a turmoil, and it came up with an alibi that reached a new low for playing dirty ball. It claimed it had fired Brown because of incompetence. Allen, a fighting newspaperman as well as a fighting soldier who lost an arm in the last war, was outraged at this underhanded at tack on a friend by Whitaker and Baxter, who were responsible for the AMA statement. He knew from what he had seen that the AMA was lying in a resperate effort to get out of a hole. He prepared to fight back—and readers of his column will see the result in the next few days. Brown also was outraged, of course, but maintained his balance by continuing to refuse to comment publicly in any way on his break with the AMA. He disclosed that in order to protect his former client he had made no public an nouncement of his resignation, and had only disclosed it to Allen when the columnist, an old friend, calk'd to ask about it. Brown’s resignation and the furore resulting from it, as a re sult of the inept dishonesty of Whitaker and Baxter, tossed the AMA into the most serious jam it has experienced since taking on' ..the fight against national health «»d ihsurance. The most damaging as- V* of the who,e «ffair wa8 that jt was the second time that it—a pro fessional organization of doctors had been denounced For unpro fessional tactics by its own press agents within two years, or a little more. How to get to EASY ST. Easy street—a place of freedom from financial cares and scene of a secure future—isn’t hard to find. Regular week-to-week sav ings can put you there. The good habit of putting a little aside each week is really an easy habit to form—and there never was a better time to acquire it. Your dollar wilt buy a lot more of things you want on Easy Street tomorrow if you’ll come in and see us about a savings account today. SAVE now at First National Member FDIC East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank Phone 914 for happier SPENDING later b------------------------------------------------ In 1947 the firm of Raymond Rich Associates, which had been handling, publicity for the AMA, resigned with a public protest even more biting than Brown’s. It is not often that public relations men, used to hard in-fighting, get arous ed enough about the tactics of their employers to denounce them. It had now happened to the AMA twice in as many years, and critics wondered how long the organiza tion could continue to survive such experiences without a real grass roots revolt from its doctor mem bers. Rich quit because the AMA was using dishonest tactics in present ing to facts of medical economics, and was obviously putting the sel fish interests of doctors above the public interest. Raymond Rich, one of the most reputable public rela tions outfits in the business, ex plained that he was quitting be* cause the AMA had failed to adopt his recommendations to: “Seek the truth on the economic and social aspects of medicine “Put the public first: and “Become adequate to its respon sibilities.” In a letter to the 150 members of the AMA House of Delegates, Rich explained he was quitting be cause the AMA hierarchy had ignored a year old mandate from the House of Delegates to adopt Rich’s proposals. His protest sub stantiated (he charge of AMA critics that the AMA hierarchy rather than the House of Dele gates really rules the AMA. It resulted in warnings to Con gress that the AMA could not be trusted to administer any national health law, but the present Con gress seems to have forgotten all this. Brown’s resignation and the AMA’s handling of it revive the whole story. What aroused critics of the AMA most in the latest development was the Whitaker and Baxter alibi that Brown has been fired. This reply was given to George Hall, enter prising Washington correspondent for the St, Louis Post Dispatch, who followed up on Allen’s story for his fighting, liberal paper. Hall called the AMA for a reply to Allen’s story. Whitaker and Bax ter refused to comment, but sent him a prepared statement by Dr. George F. Lull general manager of the AMA. Lull’s statement as serted that Brown’s resignation had been accepted “because the quality of his work was unsatis factory and because he sought to act, without authority, as a spokes man for American medicine on matters of policy.” Whitaker and Baxter’s 12,000 a year representative in Washington claimed the reply had been written in response to the Post Dispatch’s (juery. But Dr. Lull told the PD that they had written the letter for his signature In advance and told him they “might have to send it out” to newspapers. Obviously, therefore, Whitaker and Baxter were prepared for a blast from Brown, whom they knew had re signed in disgust. This handling of the incident aroused bitter resentment not only among Brown’s friends but among all newspapermen—many of whom had been led to expect such tactics from Whitaker and Baxter on the basis of their previous record. It was a sore blow for the AMA and a big boost for the President’s health program. Union Head Elected Mayor Dierks, Ark. (LPA)—The new mayor of this city is H. C. Scog gins, chairman of Local 369, In ternational Woodworkers of Am erica. The loggers and mill work ers here have long taken an inter est in politics and have brought about a number of improvemen in the school system and local go ernment. Furniture—Stoves Bedding- Curtains Drapery--Rugs-Ccttpets Point—Appliances Dinner & Cooking Ware Seven Floors Of Quality Furniture And All Furnish* Ings To Make A House A Comfortable Home. Established 1880 Kart Ltverfool, Qhla Convenient Termi CROOK’S “THE BEST PLACE TO BUY AFTER ALL” YOUR GAS, ELECTRIC BILLS AT STAKE—Leland Olds (left) before the Senate Commerce holding hearings on confirming him for another term on the Federal Power Commission. Olds, a firm friend of consumers, is under attack by the private utility lobby, faces opposition from many Republicans and Dixiecrats. With him here is former Assis tant Secretary of State Adolph Berle who testified in favor of Olds. Congressmen Find Swedes Turning To New Health Plan Washington (LPA)—Rep. And rew J. Biemiller (D, Wis.) return ed from a Congressional study of European health programs convin ced that the Swedish switch from voluntary to compulsory health in surance has more significance for America than anything else the Congressman found in Europe. “The Swedes are now shifting for the reason that the voluntary plan, despite heavy government subsidies, did not cover the people and left out those who needed it most.” Biemiller said. The Wisconsin legislator, one of the sponsors of the Administra tion’s health insurance program in Congress, said the Swedish exper ience had direct bearing on the battle in this country between vol untary and compulsory health in surance. The American Medical Association is pushing voluntary insurance, as a substitute for the Administration program—but crit ics have contended it would not do the job‘for the same reason that it has failed in Sweden. Biemiller said he returned from the study of the European medical programs more than ever convinced that national health insurance is the answer for the United States. He said the Congressmen were im pressed with the differences be tween the health insurance pro gram proposed here and the soc ialized system in effect in Great Britain. While Biemiller felt the British system was not needed in this country, he reported it was work ing well in Britain. British doctors testified, he said, that they were able to practice better medicine now than before. The Congressmen did not find a single British doctor who condemned the British pro gram the way the AMA does, Bie miller said, adding that the only controversy about it is over details, not over the program itself. Members of the Congressional delegation were much impressed with a rural health program in Sweden based around small com munity hospitals with salaried doctors. Biemiller said one of the Republican Congressmen comment ed that if the AMA had offered anything like that in the United Stites it would make more sense than anything they had proposed here. There was little indication how ever that the European study had changed any minds on the Truman program. Three members of the delegation who went abroad oppos ed to the program came back the same way. They were Reps. Gil lette (R, Pa.) Bennett (R, Mich.) and Beckworth (D, Tex.). Gillette was quite frank about his position, asserting: “My conclusion was decided be fore I left. I’m very much opposed, more so than when I left.” s Approve Units For Low-Cost Housing Washington (LPA)—The Public Housing Administration has ap proved applications from 18 more local housing authorities for initial participation in the low-rent pub lic housing program authorized by the 1949 housing act. The dwelling units involved total 18,635. The communities are: Owens boro, Ky., 400 units Paducah, Ky., 600 Atlantic City, N. J., 400 Phillipsburgh, N. J., 150 Trenton, N. J., 800 Charleston, S C., 800 Denison, Texas, 200 San Benito, Texas, 100 San Juan, Puerto Rico, 2800 Ponce, Puerto Rico, 1100 Allentown, Pa., .600 Alexandria, Va., 250 Birmingham, Ala., 3000 El Paso, Texas, 660 Camden, N. J., 800 St. Louis, Mo., 5800 Harrison, N. J., 100 Morristown, N. J., 75. The approvals are in the for™ of “program reservations’* setting THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO AMA Again Denounced By Own Press Agent For Shady Tactics Comment On World Events it is impossible to read without boiling indignation the report by Drew Hamilton in the New York Times of August 25, that “with the abolition of newspaper licensing in Bavaria, 80 or more frankly pro Nazi newspapers will be founded in that state”, and that among them “Max Wilmey, once publisher of the Stuermer, the most rabidly anti-Seipitic of all Nazi publica tions, intends to publish two papers in the Nurenberg area. The same gang that once suc ceeded in poisoning thoroughly the minds of the German population is again at work. Those who are dir ectly responsible for the outbreak of the Second World War and for tens of millions of human casual ties, those who introduced gas chambers and cremation of millions of innocent men, women and child ren for the first time in the history of civilized mankind, the same peo ple who brought about the un heard of atrocities and the infam ous hell spots like Belsen-B$rgen, Oswiecim or Maideneck, are pgain resuming their canibalistic propa ganda, before the eyes of the whole world. 4 x,‘ We are not thinking exclusively of the 6 million Jews exterminated in cold blood by Germans, indoc trinated to the hilt with the pois onous propaganda of Nazi editors. The spectacle of thriving cities re duced to shambles, of millions of young people who perished in the war for world domination, planned by the Nazis, is constantly in our minds. remnants of the are now again conscience of de over the world. The escaped Nazi chieftains challenging the cent people all They do not even try to parade in a new uniform. The old Hitler mantle is apparently good enough for them. To permit spiritual leaders of Nazism to start their work again is a mockery of decency and jus tice, of democracy and of all the lofty ideals for which the demo cratic world fought. To watch in actively while these people begin to tread the same path which had once led—and whicK may again lead—to folly. a world catastrophy, is 4 conditions the normal Under Abolition of newspaper licensing is undoubtedly a step to democracy. In Germany, however, this step was the green light for the old criminal gang of Nazi editors. Public opinion in the democratic countries must find ways and means to stop the Nazi criminals before it is too late. A crime of omission committed now is surely intolerable. Some business journals erringly stamp the Economic Cooperation Administration as a failure no such pessimism pervades the ranks of labor at home or abroad. Am erican labor continues intelligent support of the Marshall Plan. Labor knows full well how much progress has been made in a short year. Labor kno\ys how difficult it is to make any progress over vast areas in 16 different countries. aside the dwelling units for the first two years of the six-year pro gram, under which a total of 810, OCO units may be authorized. Other applications may be submitted later for programs to be under taken in later years. The “initial participation” is in the form of preliminary loans to be used in planning the housing pro jects the public housing authorities intend to build and operate, for families whose incomes are so low that they cannot afford to buy or rent adequate privately-owned homes. When the local housing author ities complete their detailed plan ning, the Public Housing Adminis tration will enter into contracts with them for financial assistance in the construction. Revolt In HE May Upset Results Of Rafi Convention Washington (LPA)—An appar ent left-wing victory at the con vention of United Electrical Work ers at Cleveland last week has been blown wide open following suspension of UE President Albert Fitzgerald by his home local in Lynn, Mass, for failing to follow instructions to support the pro CIO slate at the convention. Fitzgerald and three other dele gates from Lynn were uspended at a membership meeting Sept. 26 and may be (expelled from the union after charges against them have been prepared. Charges aim ed at similar suspension have been filed by members of Local 728 in Dayton, Ohio. A membership meet ing of Local 301 in Schenectady, N. Y., the largest local in UE, is scheduled for Sept. 29. It is ex pected that the same sort of action will be taken there against dele gates controlling 160 convention votes. “We expect this type of repudia tion of UE’s Communist-minded misleaders to continue and to snowball before the national con vention,” said Secretary-Treasurer James B. Carey. Carey, who led the fight against the left-wingers at the UE conven tion claims that “the right-wing would have won all three top of fices” in UE if a large number of delegates had followed the instruc tions of their members. A right-wing survey broke down the convention voting as follows: Fitzgerald 2335 Emspak Matles 2340. 2301 Kelley 1500 Fitzpatrick 1529 Dillon 1519. 1 If delegates from nine had followed instructions, they say, the result would have been. locals Kelley 1957 Fritzpatrick 1986 Dillon 1976. Fitzgerald 1878 Emspak 1889 Matles 1928. Kupers Retires As Dutch Labor Chie Washington (LPA)—Evert Kup ers, 64, recently resigned as pres ident of the Netherlands Federa tion of Trade Union (NW), will continue as chairman of the Trade Union Advisory Committee to the Marshall Plan, ECA has announc ed. One of the grand old men of Eu ropean labor, Kupers had been an officer of the Dutch union organ ization since 1915, its president since 1928. He also served for 20 years as a member of the Nether land Parliament, leading the fight there for social security and unem ployment laws. Jailed during the German occu pation, Kupers’ life was saved when Canadian troops liberated A pel doom. accomplishments One of his which received world-wide atten tion was establishment of the Netherlands Labor Foundation in 1945. The Foundation, a semi-offi cial, labor-management group co operating with the government, settled wage and price disputes when the Dutch economy needed all-out cooperation to survive. Active in the Int’l Labor Organ ization, Kupers played an import ant role in international labor af fairs. He was at one time vice chairman of the Int’l Federation of Trade Unions. Americans, however, will pro bably remember him best for his firm stand in the showdown over the World Federation of Trade Unions. When it became evident that the Communists would keep their stranglehold of WFTU, Kup ers, vice-president of the organiza tion, stuck his neck out by joining Vincent Tewson of the British TUC in walking out. In a Voice-of-America broadcast last April, Kupers thanked organ ized labor in the US for its help in making ERP a success. “I express the hope,” he said, “that the co operation among the 19 countries will lead to the establishment of the United States of Europe, at first of Western Europe, by which a better understanding will grow among the nations. This is the first condition for attaining a lasting peace.” 110,000 WIN RAISES San Francisco (LPA)—Approxi mately 110,060 AFL members in California obtained wage increases and other benefits in July through collective bargaining, the State Federation of Labor announced. Workers scoring .gains included carpenters, laborers, teamsters, op erating engineers, cement finish ers, retail clerks, furniture work ers, culinary workers, street car men, office employes, bakers and motion picture operators. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. Mrs. Louise Q. Blodgett, repre senting the Bureau of Labor Stan dards, Department of Labor, called upon the conference to press for federal and state legislation to protect migrant workers. Telegraphers Meet Hit Western Union False Economies Montreal (LPA)—The next con vention of the Commercial Tele graphers Union-AFL will be held in Miami, Fla. in 1951, it was voted by the 200 delegates to the union’s 23rd biennial convention here. All international officers wen* re-elected unanimously. The con vention welcomed delegates repre senting Western Union employes in the southern and southwestern states, which were formerly affili ated directly with the AFL thru federal labor unions, and delegates from the Canadian Radio and Met eorological Division and the Trans Canada Airlines Division. Fewer messengers than in pre vious years are included in the I CTU membership, it was reported,! because of the installation of auto telephone. UE Seeks $500 Package Raise At Westinghouse I matic switching and the new desk-1 fax, a facsimile transmitter and re-1 ceiver which is installed on the I large customers’ desk alongside the I I Considerable discussion centered I around Western Union’s “suicidal” I economies, especially the closing of I branch offices and transferring of I WU agencies to restaurants, hotels, and even funeral parlors. I I Demand the Union Label. I New York (LPA)—Leaders of United Electrical Workers at plants of the Westinghouse Corp, and General Ele bic have announ ced they will negotiate with West inghouse starting Oct. 4 and with GE starting Oct. 12. If negotiations fail to show any prog js the UE group is prepared to tar.e a strike vote among the 200,000 Westinghouse and GE members they represent. Representatives of the locals concerned voted last ^v*ek to cen ter such a vote arcitr.d a $500 package raise per member per year, covering wages, pensions, hours s’-d other issues. The left Iwing leaders have refused to con- S US I’ENDED—President Albert|sic,er the ten-cent pension formula Fitzgerald of United Electrical I suggested by a Presidential fact Workers, shown above in a picture I finding board in the steel industry, juggled out of UE Convention! where photographers were banned.I I ft A series of local revolts that may I flfilttlFOl P|*A|tllCAC upset UE election results began I IVIMlwv last week when Fitzgerald was sus-l OaaLaa pended by his home local in Lynn, I VVdDvv vCSDS Mass. Employers Prefer Foreigners, More Easily Controlled St. Paul (LPA) A guarantee that the Navy’s Seabees—its con struction battalions “will never be used as strikebreakers” va gi ven to the AFL Building Trades Department here by Rear Admiral John J. Manning, chief of the Navy’s Bureau of Yards and Docks. Addressing the Departrrr -it’s an Jnual convention, he pror„._ed also Chicago (ILNS)—Big employersithat the Seabees will “not be used of agricultural workers “frankly lfor any construction work that prefer” imported Mexicans and lCould be performed by union labor.” British West Indians to American I He paid a glowing tribute to the citizens “because they are morelWOrk done during the war by the easily controlled,” a* union headlfighting Seabees, 70 per cent of told the conference on “The Church Iwhom came from AFL building and Migratory Labor.” Itrades unions. H. L. Mitchell, president of the I “From the landings on North National Farm Labor Union, AFL, [Africa to the crossing of the made the charge in an address [Rhine, the Seabees taught the read in his absence by Mrs. F. E. |Navy more about high speed con Shotwell of Los Angeles, western [struction than the Navy ever area migrant supervisor of the [taught the Seabees about any Home Missions Council of North [thing,” Manning declared. America, which sponsored the| All in all, he said, “the loyalty, conference. Delegates included [capacity and know-how of organ church leaders, social workers, |ized labor are the most convincing government officials and educators, [weapons in our arsenal of national representing 23 major Protestant [defense.” denominations. The admiral asked for coopera- Agricultural employers, Mitchell pi°n of the unions in the building charged, prefer foreigners because e Navy’s Seabee Reserve such employes “dare not protest |f°* national defense, wages, working or living condi-[ e a*80 recommended that the tions, because the threat of imme-|Fni0.ns draw up their “own mobil diate deportation hangs over their |lza^lon plan” as a preparedness heads.” Imeasure in case of future war. “While I believe that there |Such a P1^ coordinated with the should not be any prohibitions to |armed services, would eliminate all prevent the free movement of [possibility that any concessions workers from state to state or even unions might make as to estab across international boundaries,”!“shed rights and safeguards would Mitchell wrote, “it appears that |s®^ a Peacetime precedent, he de foreign workers are being used to|clared. break down American standards of living.” FUNDS FOR RURAL PHONES Mitchell, quoting from a Univer- Washington (LPA)—The senate sity of Texas report, emphasized has voted ?25,250,000 to help farm Were r°W ii ers get telephone service, 500,000 Mexican aliens illegally m|and $25,000,000 for repairs on the a,one- [Government’s mothball fleet of These workers are brought |merchant ships. Both sums are across the border employed at of a suppiemental appropriation low wages, charged high.prices for|biU which now goes the necessary food and clothing, and at|HOUse for approval, the end of the season, thrown back| into Mexico, often without being paid the wages due them,” he de clared. “They have no legal stand ing and thus no right under the United States laws.” Stage Employees Win Wage Boosts At Film Theaters New York City (ILNS). The I International Alliance of Theatri cal Stage Employes has announced! the signing of 3-year contracts, re troactive to Aug. 6, 1948, for 1,00 Or Philadelphia movie theatre work-* era who last spring rejected a bid to jump to District 50, United' Mine Workers of America. That decision had been generally regard-, ed as a of peaceful collec tive barga.j.u.g in preference to a strike aimed at closing the city’s chief entertainment centers. Under the new agreements) cashiers, doorr i, ushers, porters: and cleaners w.lect 10 cents an I1 "ir creased back pay for the year ended Aug. 6, with boosts ris ing to 12% rits during the second ■. year and 17% during the third. The scales for ushers, many of whom are pupils working part time, have been stepped up over the same starting at 7*4 cents and then go ing to 10 cents and finally to 12% cents. After the election, negotiations were resumed, this time with a r~'T' local bargaining committee a sted by International Repre sentative Lawrence J. Katz at the direction of Richard F. Walsh, IATSE president. HIS MASTERS’ VOICE Washington (LPA)—Honest is the only way to describe President Rupert Richardson of Hardin-Sim mons College, Abilene, Texas, who appeared before the Senate Inter state Commerce subcommittee to oppose the nomination of Leland Olds to the Federal Power Com mission. The oil and gas industries are fighting Olds* confirmation tooth and nail. Said Richardson: “And the uni versity with which I have been as sociated in different connections, for a third of a century, could not have survived save for the gifts w’rch these industries made pos Buy Union-Made goods from others as you would have them pay Union wages unto you! CO-OP OPEN HOUSE TONITE FRIDAY AT THE MODERN CO-OP MARKET PRIZES REFRESHMENTS WHY? ARE MORE & MORE WORKERS ALL OVER AMERICA SUPPORTING CO-OPS? BECAUSE—They’ve often found that bargain ing power to get higher wages is not enough— they also need ORGANIZED BUYING POWER to have some control over prices. BECAUSE—The chief aim of consumer-owned co-operatives is to serve the people, rather than to profit from them. OCTOBER IS CO-OP MONTH! SO TODAY—-PATRONIZE and JOIN YOUR COMMUNITY CO-OP St. Clair & McKinnon Aves.—East Liverpool There's Strength In Numbers!" I periods with raises The contracts provide a week’s vacation with pay for all employed owr a year who work 18 or more hours per week. All employed over 5 years get 2 weeks’ paid vacation. Employers involved are the War mr, Paramount and Fox circuits, ng with Theatre Cleaning Ser vice, a sub-contractor. Negotiations by IATSE Local 8-100 began originally during the summer of 1948 and were suspend ed several months later when a strike-bent faction sought to lead the membership to break with the international. The controversy, after lasting all winter, was set tled in April through an election inducted by the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board. Total vote was 472 for remaining with the theatrical union, against 212 for the Mine Workers. N' 1 is ’1 a 1 •-*i t. A** '4 4 r'^'