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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, October 20, 1949, Image 2

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PAGE TWO
Press
Washington (LPA)—The Stand
ing Committee of Correspondents,
in a stormy session Oct. 17, ap
proved changes in the rules for ad
mission to Congressional press gal
leries which will still protect the
right of Labor Press Association
and the State Department to be
come members of the galleries.
The new rules, however, are
enough of a concession to the press
gallery minority which last week
blocked approval of the Standing
Committee’s original proposal uo
to result in tins resignation as
chairman of the committee of Wil’
liam S. White of the New Y»ik
Times. White had fought hard Tor
LPA’s right to join the galleries,
and had carried the ball for the
liberal and up-to-date rule blocked
in the Rules Committee last week
by Sen. Kenneth Wherry (R, Neb.)
on the request of three disgruntled
members of the gallery minority.
The changes approved by the
romnuttee would require that in
tie future any changes must be
petitioned by 100 members of the
press gallery, and also provide for
annual elections of the Standing
Committee, with two elected one
year and three the next—making
it a continuing body like the Sen
ate.
White’s resignation was not
caused by the nature of these
amendments but by the commit
tee’s failui to back him up in the
dispute be lore the Rules Commit
tee. His resignation drew wide ex
pressions of regret from other
members of the Committee, from
meinber® of the press gallery, and
from Senators. A movement was
under way in all these groups to
get him to reconsider.
In a letter to Chairman Hayden
last week asking for a hearing,
White had said he wanted to per
mit the Press Gallery dissidents to
pre nt their protests. He named
ns the dissidents: B. N. Timmons,
Jniig time Washington correspond
ent and a friend of former Vice
Presiihnt John N. Garner Lacey
•s' ‘aft’
1
5» a
Gallery Rules Are Changed'
In Stormy Session White Resigns
i
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Reynolds, an employe of Timmons,
and “Billy” Sisson, of Memphis.
White pointed out that he never
had sought to deny a hearing, but
had sous1 bt one, so that the opposi
tion could be heard. Pointing to
the action of the Rules Committee
last week in which the Standing
Committee was virtually ordered to
work out an agreement with the
mh. rity in the press gallery,
White said: “This is, of. course,
plainly not practicable, to say no
thing of the fact that it sems to
line an utter negation of the repre
'sentative principle of having an
sleeted standing committee. For,
assuming that one could give you
personal a ~uranres that this or
that individual member, among the
800 odd in the galleries, had no ob
jection to the performance by the
Standing Committee of its duties,
one could never honorably assure
y,pu that no one, anywhere, had any
objection.
“For this reason, I urge you,
even at this late date, at least to
give the Standing Committee an
opportunity to have a decision by
the Rules Committee at this ses
sion.”
House Cut Out
(Continued From Page One)
“mustn’t” until the damage is al
ready done.
Labor and liberal groups have
opposed any pricing legislation, on
grounds that the Federal Trade
Commission should be free to police
industry, not tied down by restric
tive legislation that can’t possibly
deal with day-to-day problems.
If the Senate now passes the bill
in a similar quickie move, it will
be on its way to becoming a law,
a law that labor representatives
regard as one of the most destruc
tive to be passed by recent Con
gresses.
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Downey’s Case Against Reclamation
Head Collapses At Committee Hearing
Washington (LPA) California
Sen. Sheridan Downey’s long cam
paign against Michael Straus, Re
clamation Commissioner, and the
Reclamation Bureau’s policies on
public power collapsed in his face
this week when his chief witness
—former Reclamation Commission
er Harry Bashore refuted
Downey’s charges.
Bashore, whose story was the
backbone of Downey’s whole case
against Straus and against Richard
Boke, regional director in Cali
fornia, strongly supported both
men in his testimony before the
Senate investigating committee
headed by Sen. Joseph C. O’Ma
honey (D, Wyo.).
Under a rigid examination from
O’Mahoney, who is a friend of
both Bashore and Straus, the
former Commissioner denied Dow
ney’s charges that he had been
forced out of the job as Reclama
tion Commissioner to make way
for Straus, and lauded Boke’s work
as regional director.
Testifying under oath at Dow
ney’s request, in a showdown on
the long and bitter fight between
Downey and Straus, Bashore said
he had been glad to turn the job
over to Straus because he, Bashore,
had wanted to get out.
Downey for years had used
Straus and Boke as his whipping
boys in an attempt to do away with
the “160-acre limitation” contain
ed in the Reclamation Act of 1903,
when Theodore Roosevelt was pre
sident, which says:
“No right to the use of water
for land in private ownership shall
be sold for a tract exceeding 160
acres to any one land owner, and
no such sale shall be made to any
landowner unless he be an actual
bona:fide resident on such land, or
occupant thereof residing in the
neighborhood of such land.”
Owners of huge tracts of land in
California’s Central Valley have
backed the Senator in his fight to
eliminate the protection of small
landowners, and to give them un
disputed sway over great and po
tentially rich agricultural proper
ties.
Downey tried desperately, in a
long cross-examination, to refute
Bashore’s testimony, but the form
er official stuck to his guns. He ad
mitted he had praised Downey’s
book “Th^v Rule the Valley”, but
said that did not mean he approved
everything in it. He admitted he
had been irked at times at political
pressures within the Interior Dep’t,
but he insisted that:
He had appointed Boke because
he was the best man available for
the job, not because the appoint
ment was forced on him.
He would Have preferred an en
gineer, but no qualified engineer
was available at the time.
Boke had turned out “much bet
ter” that he expected and had
“done a very good job.” Criticism
of him centere on his administra
tion of the “160-acre limitation,”
which was law enacted by Congress
and not Boke’s personal policy.
He, Bashore, had taken the job
as Commissioner of Reclamation
against his own better judgment
and his wife’s wishes. He began
immediately looking for a success
or, but the two best bets turned
it down. One of them was Milton
Eisenhower, brother of the famous
general. Finally, Straus, then As
sistant Secretary of Interior, sug
gested he might take the job. Bas
hore said “that’s fine” and got out.
He did not believe the Commis
sioner ne»ded to be an engineer, as
Downey contended and as Congress
once decided in order to force out
Straus and Boke, because the
qualification for the job was busi
ness experience.
O’Mahonev read Downey’s testi
mony that Bashore had appeared
in his office, crying that he loved
his job and was being forced out
by “the political manipulations of
Straus and his associates."
“1 don’t recall crying since my
mother spanked me,” Bashore re
plied. “I don’t recall telling him or
anyone else I was a beaten man
and loved the job.”
“Did you ever express the be
lief you were being forced out?”
O’Mahoney asked.
“I don’t recall it,” Bashore re
plied. “If I had ever expressed that
thought it would have been to the
THE POTTERS HERALD
Bricklayer
1
President Benjamin Dorsky of the Maine Federation of Labor
swaps views with John J. Murphy, secretary-treasurer of Bricklayers,
Mu sons and Plasterers, at St. Paul convention.
Miners Will Work
If Government
Takes Over Mines
White Sulphur Springs, W. Va.
(LPA)—With the coal walkout
nearly a month old, negotiations
here between the United Mine
Workers and the northern and
western operators were hopelessly
deadlocked as were talks between
the union and southern operators
at Charleston, W. Va.
Two major points were at issue.
One was union President John L.
Lewis’ insistence that any new
contract contain the famous pro
vision by which coal diggers are
required to work only when “will
ing and able.” The other was the
union’s demand for contract im
provements said to cost some 30
to 35 cents a ton.
Lewis insists the coal compan
ies were making such high profits
that they could absorb the extra
cost. The operators denied Lewis’
contention and said many small
companies would not be able to re
open. They said competition from
oil, gas and other fuels would make
absorption impossible.
Meanwhile, Lewis announced he
Would accept “bonafide” peizyre of
the mines by the federal govern
ment to run them “for the account
of the people” instead of private
profit. In the event of seizure, the
nearly 400,000 miners now out
would return to their jobs, he add
ed, but cautioned that he was not
advocating seizure.
(In Washington, President Trti
man said he had no intention of
seizing the mines, and that he
would even not investigate his
power to do so until he thought
seizure necessary.)
Deadly Smog
(Continued From Page One)
number of poisonous or irritating
matter now escaping into the air
over Donora.
A 10th engineering recommenda
tion was that a system of local
weather forecasting should be
established so that extreme smog
conditions could be foreseen in
time to allow Donora’s citizens to
take precautions.
One factor that makes Donora
especially subject to pollution is
its location in what was described
as a bowl. Under certain weather
conditions, a mass of air is trapped
in the bowl for days at a time
while more and more matter pours
into ittfrom the factory chimneys
rendering the local atmosphere
completely poisonous. That is what
happened, last year, the scientists
found.
Senators Sail To Study
Europe’s Co-op Housing
Washington (LPA)—A month
long study of cooperatively-owned
housing projects in Norway, Swed
en, Denmark and the Netherlands
is projected for a five-man sub
committee of the Senate Banking
Committee that sailed on the
Queen Elizabeth Oct. 6.
A bill to encourage co-op hous
ing initiated by unions and other
middle-income groups in US com
munities will -be before the Con
gress next January. The Senators,
who will stpdy the European ex
periences with US legislation in
mind, are: John Sparkman (D,
Ala.), J. Allen Freur (D, Del.),
Ralph E. Flanders (R, Vt.), Harry
Cain (R, Wash.) and John Bricker
(R, Ohio).
chairman of this committee (O’Ma
honey) with whom 1 have worked
closely for many years.”
Bashore added that he felt the
law enacted by Congress to force
Straus and Boke out their jobs
was “unwise”.
Bashore was to be followed by
Straus, Boke and former Secretary
Ickes, who was reported to be
loaded down with “hot” testimony.
Ickes was expected to testify Wed
nesday afternoon.
EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
Senate Rejects^
Olds As Smear
Campaign Wins
Washington (LPA)—After a bit
ter debate lasting until'early in the
morning of Oct. 13, the Senate re
jected by an overwhelming 58 to
15 vote President Truman’s nomi
nation of Leland Olds for another
term on the Federal Power Com
mission.
The attempt, originating with oil
and gas industry lobbyists here, to
smear Olds because of his writings
for the labor press 25 years ago,
was successful, despite a last
minute speech by Sen. Paul Doug
las (D, Ill.) attempting to clear the
air.
Douglas, who led the floor fight
for Olds, pointed out that while on
F1?C Olds has eliminated about $F,
250,000,600 of ‘‘water” from utili
ties stock, has saved consumers of
electricity and gas at least $45,
000,000 a year, and during the war
averted a serious power shortage.
Sen. Wayne Morse (R, Ore.),
one of two Republicans who voted
for the labor-backed Olds, told the
Senate that “Just because the
Texas-Oklahoma oil-gas contin
gents, not wanting open and above
board regulation of their industry
therefore oppose this confirmation,
it must not be assumed that busi
nessmen generally who have ap
peared before the FPC during the
10 years when Olds has been a
member are opposed to him. In
fact, the record shows just the op
posite.”
The gas industry, Morse said
bluntly, “is moving heaven and
earth to get Mr. Olds off the Com
mission charged with enforcing
this act because he has taken the
Natural Gas Act seriously.”
Most vitriolic attack on Olds
came from Sen. Edwin C. Johnson
(D, Colo.), who called his “a wrap
ed, mischievous, egotistical chamel
eon, whose predominant color is
pink.”
Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D,
Minn.) listed dozens of editorials
itt’Influential dailies urging Olds’
confirmation, and also told the
Senate of the scores of letters he
had received from farm, co-op and
labor groups backing President
Triiman’s nominee.
Both New York Senators, Repub
licans Irving Ives and John Foster
Dulles, spoke in opposition to Olds,
as did Sen. Homer Capehart (R,
Ind.), Herbert R. O’Conor (D,
Md.), and Lyndon Johnson (D,
T^fhe ^already “extra ordinarily
profitable0* oil industry plans to ex
tract from the public as much as
$10,060,000,000 if it wins its fight
and President Truman doesn’t nom
inate an equally staunch public de
fender, it was revealed by Sen.
James Murray (D, Mont.), a veter
an battler with big business mon
opolies. The figures were not chal
lenged even by Sen. Robert Kerr
(D, Okla.), himself a big oil oper
ator.
In fact, Kerr agreed with Mur
rtiy that the issue is whether or
not the government should protect
household and industrial consum
ers of natural gas by controlling
the prices charged.
Colorado Paper
Spanks Johnson
Washington (LPA)—When Son.
Edwin C. Johnson (D., Colo.)
fought President Truman’s nomin
ation of Leland Olds for another
term on the Federal Power Com
mission, it was “the last straw”—
at least as far as the Colorado
Labor Advocate is concerend. The
Advocate is a weekly owned by 59
AFL affiliates in Colorado.
“We’re ashamed of Sen. John
son’s part in this foul and hypo
critical conspiracy,” the Advocate
said editorially. “We’re afraid the
senator will find that the road back
to labor’s favor will be a long,
hard one.”
Johnson’s term doesn’t expire
until 1955, but the AFL publica
tion points out that while he was
ejected with labor support, in this
session he’s voted “right” on only
one crucial issue—Taft-Hartley.
“Johnson’s votes for monopoly
and special privilege, isolationism
and reaction, far outnumber his
votes in the interest of the work
ingman and the consumer,” the
Advocate declared.
Helen Douglas To Run
For Calif. Senate Seat
Los Angeles (LPA)—Rep. Helen
Gahagan Douglas (D, Cal.) will be
a candidate for the Senate from
this state in next year’s Congress­
ional elections,
Mrs. Douglas, outstanding in the
liberal wing of the Democratic
party, will be running for the seat
held by Sen. Sheridan Downey, a
riiore, conservative Democrat. Dow
ney has not yet announced whether
he will stand for re-election.
In announcing her decision, the
ftjrmer actress said: “This decision
is mine anti mine alone. I make it
without obligation to any special
interest.”
I wish things would turn out as
I planned them.
Ki
O'
Judges Pick Winner of Clerks’ Contest
Joseph Keenan, director of Labor’s League for Political Action,
and AFL President William Green, both seated, pick entry of Don
Beverige, East St. Louis, Ill., as winner of readers’ contest conducted by
“The Advocate,” official publication of the Retail Clerks International
Association. Looking on are Retail Clerks’ President Vernon Hous
wright and Secretary-Treasurer James A. Suf
fridge.
Opens Drive For
Pension Payments
In Small Plants
Toledo (LPA)—A drive for pen
sion payments as large as those
at Ford and other giant corpora
tions, for workers at small plants
was announced by United Auto
Workers in Toledo this week.
Four companies received a strike
warning from UAW Vice-President
Richard Gosser demanding that
they bargain as the first of a group
of 125 plants in the area which the
union believes should take part in
a regional plan.
Proposing that each company
contribute ten cents per worker
into a joint insurance fund that
will cover all workers included in
the program, the Toledo UAW
leader said that such a contribution
should provide pensions “at least
equal to those granted by Ford”
and a minimum of “$24 a week
sick benefits.” There are about 50,
000 UAW members in and around
the city, in addition to workers em
ployed by General Motors who
would come under a GM pension
plan.
Gosser said the union will bar
gain with as many as 15 plants at
a time but will strike only one at
a time if they fail to meet de
mands.
When generosity begins at home,
outsiders have to look out for
themselves. tv „.j
I. A
message to you is: Be courageous.
have lived a long time. 1 have seen his
tory repeat itself again and again. I have
seen many depressions in business. Always
America has come out stronger and more
prosperous. Be as brave as your fathers
before you. Have faith. Go forward.
—The last public words of Thomas Edison.
June 11, 1931
I--
UE RAIDING?
New York (LPA)—The United
Electrical Workers executive board
meeting in Cleveland Sept. 23, it
was learned Oct 12, passed the
following resolution:
“To establish a committee of the
general executive board, consisting
of the general officers, Ernest De
Maio and James MacLeish with
authority to explore and approve
in behalf of the board, the affilia
tion with the UE of any local
unions or groups that may volun
tarily choose to become part of
the UE.”
The resolution, carried unanim
ously, was kept secret and not
published in the UE News follow
ing the convention.
Your Electric Company’s reply
to Edison’s challenge
On October 21, 1879, Edison announced the first commercially
practical incandescent lamp.
.fa
On October 21, 1949—seventy years later—-it is appropriate
enough* that all of us look back in gratitude.
But still—the thing that made Edison great was not looking back
but looking ahead. In fact, his last public words (we quote them
above) were a challenge. “Have faith,” he said. “Go forward.”
This company and its associates in the American Gas and Electric
Company System are taking up this challenge through the spending
of $357,000,000 for new plants and facilities between 1947 and 1951.
By fhe vd of that period the System, now serving more than a
million customers in seven states, will have doubled its generating
capacity in ten short years.
Nene of this power is being added to catch up with some “power
shortage” that exists or threatens today. In the area we serve, there
has always been power enough for all. We are looking ahead, build
ing ahead—as Edison admonished—that this will continue to-be so.
Thursday, October 20, 1049
DP Bill Shelved
By Narrow Vote
Washington (LPA)—Despite the
hacking of AFL, CIO, and US
Chamber of Commerce iind many
other organizations, the Senate by
a narrow 36-30 vote sent back to
ommittee the bill to admit an ad
ditional 134,000 of Europe’s dis
placed persons to the US.
Action came late in the evening
of Oct. 15, after a “filibuster” by
Sen. Harry Cain (R., Wash.) and
after Sen. James Eastland (D,
Miss.) had read a speech opposing
the DP bill by Sen. Pat McCarran
(D., Nev.) McCarran' heads the
Judiciary Committee which had
bottled up the bill ever since the
start of the session. He is now in
Europe on an “investigation” of
DP problems.
Of the 36 Senators present who
voted to shelve th® DP admission
bill 19 were Republicans and 17
were Democrats. They included all
of the Senators whom labor has
marked out for defeat in 19*50.
Voting to take up the DP bill were
16 Democrats and 14 Republicans.
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