OCR Interpretation

The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, October 20, 1949, Image 6

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1949-10-20/ed-1/seq-6/

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Since the pound was reduced to
$2.80, TUC officials have held
many consultation®, some of them
with cabinet ministers, Nothing
definite has emerged, and now the
TUC’s Grand Council has turned
the question over to the Special
Economic Committee.
The most widely discussed idea
is that of a minimum wage. The
level usually suggested is the
equivalent of about 14 American
dollars a week. The aim would be
to bring all workers working for
wages below this level up to it. But
there are two obstacles.
First, British unions fin general
always have opposed a national
minimum wage on the ground that
it would constitute government in
terference with collective bargain
Second, if unskilled workers
alone should receive pay increases,
the wage differential between un
skilled workers anji skilled, already
1 small, would become even smaller.
In En"Hnd, that differential to
]day is onlv 10 to 20 percent. In the
US it is around 50 percent and in
the Soviet Union it is said to be
*as much as 150 percent,
The TUC is reportedly playing
^with the idea of establishing a cen
tral coordinating body to sift wage
claims and declare which ones pos
the greatest merit. A similar
’plan is in effect in the Netherlands
land is said to work well.
In England, such a body might
recommend wage hikes in under
manned industries essential to the
5drive to earn dollars through ex
There have been suggestions
tithat the government’s power to
“direct” labor be more widely used.
Two years ago, the government re
instituted its wartime power to
send workers to industries where
.they were needed, but this power,
has scarcely been used. In fact,
only 30 workers have been directed
in the two-year period. The TUC
may be asked to approve greater
exercise of this power for the dura
tion of the emergency.
Webster, Pa. (LPA)—The Soc
iety for Better Living, meeting
here, was scheduled to draft plans
for a memorial to the 22 persons
who died in the tragic “Smog Dis
aster” in nearby Donora.
The society announced that
within a month it expected the US
Public Health Service to report on
its nine-month inquiry into the
cause of the 22 deaths.
The deaths occured when Donora
wag suffused with a mysterious,
poisonous gas. Many believe the
gas emanated from the Donora
Zinc Works. The American Steel
& Wire Co. blamed the deaths on
an “act of God.”
It takes as much planning to ar
rive late at a party as it does to
arrive on time.
Flexible and
rigid arch
style* In ox
fords and
high aboea
X-ray Fitting
East Sixth Street
British Trade Congress
Still Mum On Devaluation
London (LPA) The British4*__-------
Trades Union Congress has not yet
finished its study of the effect of
Noted Americans
Hit Steel’s Stand
On Pension Fight
Washington (LPA)—A group of
34 prominent Americans, including
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt and five
members of the Senate Labor
Committee, are urging the steel
industry to cease its stubborn op
position to paying for pensions for
its 500,000 striking workers.
Otherwise, said the group, whose
statement was made public thru
Americans for Democratic Action,
the steel companies “must be
charged with the economic con
sequences of their decision. They
must accept the responsibility of
pushing the country toward a de
They called on President Truman
“to speak to the American people
in support of the fact-finding
board’s findings and in explana
tion of the seriousness of the com
pany’s refusal to accede to them.”
The union, they pointed out, has
already conceded a great deal in
agreeing to the fact-finders’ report,
since its recommendations would
rule out all wage increases for
1949. Signers, besides Mrs. Roose
velt, included .a dozen members of
the House of Representatives and
Senators Hubert Humphrey (D,
Minn.), Wayne Morse (R, Ore.),
Claude Pepper (D, Fla.), Elbert
Wayne Morse (R, Ore.)
(D, Utah), and James
(D, Mont.).
Meanwhile the government made
its first move toward intervention
since the walkout began, when
Cyrus S. Ching, of the Federal
Mediation and Conciliation Service,
announced he was arranging in
formal meetings with both sides.
The half-million steelworkers
struck upwards of 300 mills on
Oct. 1 when the US Steel Corp.,
followed by all but a handful of
small companies, refused to abide
by the recommendations of the
fact-finding board that they pay all
the costs of a lOc-an-hour fund for
pensions and insurance.
Gas Workers Win
Hourly Increase
Milwaukee (LPA)—After an all
night session involving Mayor
Frank Zeidler, Federal District
Judge Robert Tehan and Federal
Conciliator Clement Murphy, mem
bers of the striking Gas, Coke &
Chemical Workers went back to
work at Milwaukee Gas Light Co.
with big Improvements in their
After a brief shut-off of the
city’s gas supply, the strike ended
with a five-cent an hour pay boost,
retroactive to June 1, and another
three cent increase for night work
ers after Nov. 1.
Beginning Jan. 1, 1950, the com
pany will be paying 12.2 cents an
hour, and the workers 2.8 cents an
hour into a pension fund. More
than 700 workers won the new pay
and pension benefits.
Washington (LPA)—If you get
fleeced by a slick Canadian sales
man of gold-mining stock, you
won’t be able to blame the US Post
office Dep’t. Postmaster General
Jesse Donaldson has barred
deliveries to 12 firms and 14
sons in Toronto who have
peddling unregistered mining
urities in the US in violation of
federal statutes and various state
“blue sky” laws.
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
Funeral Home are as
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
"SO MUCH ... lot ao IfttUT
215 West Fifth Strw Phone Main 10
to 68th convention at St. Paul.
Green Congratulates Humphrey on Speech
Its interesting the things you
learn from magazines. The other
day I was scanning the pages of a
woman’s publication—and saw a
headline “Stretch to Reduce” fol
lowed by a lot of perfectly good
advice upon how to stretch. Next I
picked up the Renders’ Digest and
came across a quote from Oliver
Wendell Holmes “Man’s mind
stretched to a new idea never goes
back to its original dimensions.”
Maybe the two articles got
twisted in my mind, but it seems
to me that mental stretching exer
cises ought to be a pretty
thing for all of us. At least
reduce our conceit
our understanding.
are some stretching exer-
1. Are all your friends just like
you? Then why not stretch your
friendliness and meet those whose
outlook is different. Are there those
of different nationality or race in
the place where you work Then in
your work you have a common
point of interest from which to be
gin. If your ways lie among your
own people, then go out and seek
others. Meet them on their ground
and be interested in what interests
them—in their food, or in their
music, is a good way to begin. You
will stretch your knowledge of peo
ple as you learn how very similar
they are under the surface.
2. Once you have finished the
first stretching exercise, you are
ready for the second one. How
opinionated is the group to which
you belong? Can it see the other
man’s side of the question Can it
stretch its collective mind or indi
vidual minds to compass an alien
viewpoint? A good exercise is to
get a fresh outlook. If you are a
labor man, bring in a management
man to your next meeting, to ex
plain his position. If you are a
management man, wh^ not ask a
labor man to tell you what he
thinks is wrong. If you don’t like
certain legislation—why ask the
author of it to explain it to you,
the citizen. The stretch comes in
your willingness to listen to th*
other-man’s ideas without bias and
prejudice, giving him as much lee
way as you take for yourself.
3. Would you like to broaden1
your horizon but you have to stav
put in one place? Then stretch
again. It was Thoreau who said he
knew life, because he had traveled
much in Concord. You, too, can do
the same. How much do you really
know about your home town How
would it impress you if you were a
traveller? Go down to the station
some day and start from there as
though you were a stranger—and
do what vou would in a strange
town. What do you think you
would think of your town and the
people in it? And just what are
you going to do about it? Brother,
when you
4. What
the needy
heart, the famished in spirit? Why
not for a week pretend you didn’t
have money for a movie. Turn off
the television. And start out to see
what your town gives “for free"—
what concerts, what lectures, what
museums, what the churches offer.
How much searching did you have
to do? And do you think your rec
reational life will ever be as nar
row again? And—will you tell
Union Calls Off
Harvester Strike
Confirms Merger
strike in steel.”
In Auburn, N. Y., FE Interna
tional President Grant Oakes said
his union’s executive board “will
recommend affiliation with
United El*ctrical Workers,”
other left-wing dissident.
Oakes said he was certain
iioi/oc uo,d ho wnc oprtam
think that way, you’re
does your town give to
in mind, the lonely of
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen
fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brother James W. McPherson, respected and admired for his
fellowship and character, and
Whereas, We the members of Local Union 86, recognize
the loss of this Brother, shall cherish and respect the memory
of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy and
esteem, it is hereby further,
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy
his family, a copy of this resolution be published in our
official journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the
minutes of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family.
Also that our charter be draped in mourning for a period of
thirty days.
ovimntivu h.inrd
its charter revoked.
Murray and other leaders
seeking a formula whereby
majority of the membership
such unions can stay inside
organization, while their left-wing].states through which the Missouri]!
leaders are ousted. This may be|pacjflc runs.
benator Wagners tapers|
(io To (ieorgetown
Guy Thomas Oyster, 180 Indiana!
Ave., Chester, died October 17 ini
city Hospital following a 10-monthl
illness. He was 63. I
Mr. Oyster was bom in Saline-1
ville and lived in Chester for 411
I years. He was a warehouseman at I
Plant 4 of the Homer Laughlin!
China Co. and was a member of I
Local Union 86, National Brother-!
hood of Operative Potters. I
AFL President William Green (right) congratulates Senator Hubert |p. .,a®d’ JaJP ‘.p ®*[delegates at the St. Paul conven-.
Humphrey, great Minnesota liberal, on fighting call to action made
Mr. Oyster leaves his widow Mrs. I
Kate Oyster three daughters, Mrs.I
Robert House, Mrs. John Gatchelll
anil Mrs. Ruthann Reed of Chester I ]N THERE FIGHTING—Labor
E° .’nd Oys °eJ S’* to a hard blttle«
ter, and Guy I nomas oyster Jr. atl. WM jMeph Keenan, director
home four brothers, Charles Oyst- u^s League for Political
°L/ wWr Har17,Oy8te Education (shown aboye) told AFL
Floyd Franklin Wilson, 202 In-
Idiana Ave., Chester, died October
17 in the Ohio Valley General Hos-|_|A|||
pital, Wheeling, where he was
patient for about a week. Death|||
was attributed to a coronary heart
ailment. He was 50.
Chicago (LPA) —Farm Equip-|Mrs. Fonda Hadley Wilson two] Many m^re thousands had al_
ment Workers called off a three-[sons, Herman Wilson and Thur-I tdy been approved by the pHA
week strike at Int’l Harvester |man Wilson of Chester tw^|ear]jer jn the year 810,000 units
Corp, last week, claiming there [daughters, Mrs. Mary Gilson °Mcan buiit jn the next six years
will be layoffs anyway because of|Lo« Angeles and Ruth Wilson atl^ provisions of the act- They
the steel strike and its workers [home his mother, Mrs. Mary Wil-I reserved for families with in
might as well obtain unemploy- |son of Weirton Heights, a brother,|comeg so low that they can’t af
ment benefits during the steel [Lloyd Wilsori of Weirton Heights,|f privately built
8hutdown. tJOS,l8tUS’vr8-Ri homes.
Hitting at President Philip Mur-|Mary3» a-» an wrs'v e The communities that came into
ray, the president of the Harvester *™8 of Mountein, W. Va., and the duri the twQ
tractor local in Chicago declared f°“r grandchildren. I were.
that “faint-hearted leadership” of| s
the steelworkers “may inspire the[|| CL^aa«lRiver
corporations to promote a long
47 Communities
II|||Q|| (|||^$ vll0Wl^lch-i
I [Worth,
Progress In
|8re8S it was learned. (Bristol, Va. Tuckahoe, N. Y. Har-’
by the national executive board,] Davidson, spokesman for|r Farrell Pottstown Am
after last year’s convention, firpmen conduct-Ifjshur(,
with United Auto Workers!680 engineers, firemen, conduct [bridge, Aliquippa, and
™«rfhi1ifv Of h«vin»lor,,a,l1 tra,nmen! “‘d that a Rails, Pa. Springfield, Ill. Walt
Pi. Iber^ of the unions* 282 claims [ham, and Lawrence, Mass. Diiluth,
[against the road had been settled [Minn. Burlington, N. J. Orange,
I AW-nPlll
the| Current negotiations are being [Fla. Pontiac, Mich.
conducted in line with proposals1
the] made by the governors of eight
done by setting up new unions for| ^jhe strike, which had idled 25,-|_ a
those unionsists who can’t shake|o00 Mo-Pac employes in addition|DpA|CAf| KV
their CP leadership. |to the strikers, has crippled indus-[B I Alwvll VAI vUII
-------------------------------|tridfe all along the railroad’s 70001
a o [miles of track. Washington (LPA*)—The great-
Xhe four uqions negotiated three |est single force for progressivism
lyear? on the grievances before re-[working on the US Congress in the
[sorting to a strike five weeks ago.[1920’s and 1930’s was the Railway
Washington, D. C. (ILNS). —[Many of the claims date back to|labor Executives Association, and
The personal papers of formerLbe war years. 1 [especially its Washington repre
Senator Robert F. Wagner of New] q’be four striking unions are the|sentatives and its great newspaper,
York, sponsor of the Wagner labor [Brotherhood of Locomotive Engine-] Labor.
relations law, have been presented [erS| Order of Railway Conductors,] That’s what the newest member
to Georgetown University. Wagner [Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire-|of the Federal Trade Commission,
resigned from the Senate in June,[men and Brotherhood of Railroad]John Carson, told a testimonial
after 22 years of service there. [Trainmen. [dinner here Oct. 13. Carson, form-
Formal presentation of the] |erly Washington representative of
papers, described by the Very Rev.] [the Cooperative League of the
Hunter Guthrie, S. J. president of|mbsjmIq
Georgetown as a record of the rise|Vvllll vUv IJvIvfllvll [the FTC post after a bitter battle
of one of America’s “leading poli-|_ |in w^ich the co-ops and unions and
tieal figures,” will take place Oct. [In A||AV|*|n|| UATA [small business groups were pitted
23. In tbe absence of his father,|IH Mllval ■■II Ivlv [against the Nat’l Tax Equality As
Hobert F. Wagner, Jr. will make] jsociation and GOP Senators.
the presentation. Vienna (LPA)—The Communists] Carson, who in the 1920’s was
Father Guthrie said the papers [were thoroughly routed in the]administrative assistant to Sen.
date from the beginning of the [Austrian general elections on Oct.[james Couzens, multi-millionaire
Senator’s political career and will|9. However, the comfort to be de-|progressive Senator from Mich
be a “reservoir” of information for|rived from that is substantially re-[jgan, recalled that the power held
research on labor and labor’s re-|duced by the emergence of the In-|in the Senate by the dozen-odd
lations to government and econ-[dependent party which may end up] progressive Senators was rooted in
omics. [holding the balance of power in] the labor movement. It was Labor
Serving as chairman of the for-|the Austrian parliament. The na-|newspaper that “molded and influ
inal presentation will be Senator[ture of the Independent party wfesjenced the work of the US Congress
Joseph C. O’Mahoney, Democrat,[revealed when its leaders cam-[and your government,” Garson re\
of Wyoming, with Congressional|paigned for the votes of ex-Nazis.|minded his friends,
leaders, labor, government
close personal associates of the [the menace of the Independents [fighting liberal from Nebraska, to
former Senator expected for ... _Tennes
and I There is one way, however, thatl Sen. George Norris, the great
thelmay be stopped, observers herelwhom the nation owes the
||]Q||$|||v a||l
,,A Hatw iOf Ty,lL?!UnS.’ y-’l Washington (LPA)-Applica
Va, Mr. Wijpon resided ChMderk forB 13 700 ,|we|iing units
for 26 years. He was employed as approv«| by the Pub
a machinist for the Edwin M. Hmsj Administration since
Knowles Chma Co. He was seem- participation in the
t*ry of Local '72, National Broth-Ls
erhood of Operative Potters. |. ..
I Mr. Wilson leaves his widow, «ousin& Passea
Mich. Lincoln, Neb.
Rouge and Hamtramck,
McAllen, Mercedes, Fort
and McKinney, Texas
City, N. J. Chattanooga,
■a I Aa "I [Needles, Merced, and Redlands and
an’l““W Vll IIWv
Barstow, Chino, Colton,
Bernardino, Calif. New Bri-
[tain, Conn. Annapolis, Md. May
a [itguez, Puerto Rico Cambridge,
the I ^ouis (LPA) Negotiations|^fass. McComb City, Miss. Kins-
Uakes said he was certain thejh^^^ tbe Missouri Pacific Rail-Lon n C- Gainesville Selma,
membership will approve the UEI ik- th 1^'"’ r» T.
TheU0®” ana Iour 8tr,K,n» rau oFotoer I Rome and Auguste, Ga. Danville,
merger in referendum vote The|hoods were showing “definite pro- in Muncie Saginaw, Mich
farm equipment union was orderedl
u xr v
J. Urbana, Ill. Daytona Beach,
[LADUI IvvWSpClpCrauiamaiiam
|USA, won Senate confirmation for
see Valley Authority and the Rural
With the returns still to be cer-1 Electrification Administration,
others what you found out Itifled, Chancellor Figi’s rightist I would have been defeated for re
Oh, there are lots of ways to [people’s party was believed to have I election if it were not for the rail
stretch. And you’ll be a better- [won 77 seats, the Socialists 67, the|unions’ newspaper, Carson assert
shaped, teller person when you get [independents 16 and the Common-led
through. How about daily stretch- |ists 5. Paying tribute to Carsoii at the
ing exercises Are you on If the People’s party, having lost[dinner were Charles Ross, press
,.[the slight majority it previously [secretary to President Truman,
[held, continues to work in coali-[Rep. Wright Patman (D, Tex.),
[tion with the Socialists as it has in [Nathan Robertson of Labor Press
I the past, there is a chance that the] Association, and Jerry Voorhis,
I new Nazi power will not be much [executive secretary of the Cooper
Ifelt. [ative League of the USA.
However, some observers fear[
that the People’s party may «eek| rrurN
an outright alliance with the In-|LOBBY
dependents. These gloomy pro-
Yorkshire pudding to an Ameri- proved a $40,000 appropriation to
can chef means a soggy biscuit [finance the probe. The committee,
true Yorkshire pudding is [headed by Rep. Frank Buchanan
a pan of cooked batter half an inch[(D, Pa.) was set up to investigate
thick served in portions the size of [both lobbying by private agencies
your hand, covered with thickened |and companies, and by the govern
roast beef gravy.
Demand the Union Label.
i r»i 11 iik'fca'ni
$40,000 TO SPEND
phets point out that the People's]
party said that “a vote for Social-] Washington (LPA) A green
ism today is a vote for Commun-] light was given the special House
ism tomorrow.” [committee to investigate lobbying
[on Oct. 13, when the House ap-
ment agencies.
Demand the Union Label.
Washington (LPA)—Eight mil
strong, the American Federa
of Labor not only fights for
protects the American work
but is furnishing men and
money and ideas on an internation
al scale, to help workers abroad.
For the AFL recognizes that any
threat to workers’ freedom any
where is a threat to workers every
So it is that the AFL has special
representatives in European coun
tries, and Latin America, and is
sending a special delegation to visit
Israel, and has set up a Trade
Union Center in Exile, in Paris, as
a haven for labor leaders who have
had to flee from Communist lands,
and maintains underground con
tacts with the brave souls who are
working from freedom on the other
side of the Iron Curtain. And the
Federation is sending a delegation
of ten top officials to London in
November to help set up a new and
non-Communist world trade union
organization. President Green him
self hopes to attend.
“There is need for such an or
ganization of democratic trade
unions throughout the world,” he
said. “It is particularly important
now in view’ of the Communis
drive in the cold war.”
As part of its campaign agains’
the Communist menace, the AFI
has just published a 192-page bool
titled “Slave Labor In Russia.” Ii
a foreword Green declares: “Th
deadly threat to all progress ac
hieved by humanity through free
institutions everywhere is mos‘
forcefully and painfully illustrated
by the fact that a modern total
itarian state has imposed a system
of slavery on helpless human be
ings to an extent unequalled in
The book has scores of affidavits
by former inmates of forced labor
camps in the Soviet Union.
The Trade Union Center in
Exile, established by Irving J.
Brown, AFL European representa
tive, keeps the exiles in touch with
the remnants of their own trade
union movements. Couriers of the
center’s underground have been
caught and shot, but the work goes
on. Propaganda is beamed to
Soviet satellite countries via Voice
of America and the British Broad
casting Corp., and plans are under
way for a radio station on the
border of Czechoslovakia.
The center, said Brown before
his return to Paris, is a symbol to
those behind the Iron Curtain.
“While it exists, they know that
they will have a home to which to
flee if they do fight back.” He add
ed: “There can be no let-up because
•Thursday, October 20, 1949
there is a permanent cold war on
the part of world Communism to
capture, control and dominate the i
international labor movement.”
Slated to attend the London
meeting to form the new interna
tional labor federation besides Pre
sident Green are: Secretary-Trea-.
surer George Meany Matthew
Woll, Photo-Engravers George M.
Harrison, Railway Clerks David
Dubinsky, Ladies’ Garment Work
ers William C. Doherty, Letter
Carriers Charles J. MacGowan,
Boilermakers also Brown and
Henry Rutz, AFL representatives
in Germany and Austria.
Speaks At Histadrut Dinner
New York (LPA) Jacob S.
Potofsky, president of the Amal
gamated Clothing Workers and
Mayor William O’Dwyer spoke Sat
urday night (Oct. 15) at a Labor
Management dinner saluting His
tadut, Israeli Labor Federation.
Potofsky was one of three top of
ficials who recently visited Israel.
We help
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save money
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1032 Pennsylvania Ave.'
Screen Play by Ivan Goff and Ben Roberts
SuttMtad by Story by Virginia Kellogg Music by Max Stainer

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