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■r LOCKHEEDJAM SETUP HAILED AS EXAMPLE OF INDUSTRIAL PEACE Washington (LPA)— An indus-'fr ~...........................f' trial plant in which union and man- the company and has promoted no agement have often been at log* gerheads, but have nonetheless maintained a 12-year no-strike re cord, was singled out this week by the National Planning Association as an outstanding example of in dustrial peace in action. The plant involved is Lockheed Aircraft at Burbank, Calif., and the union is the International As sociation of Machinists, Lodge 727. The NPA’s report on the situation is the sixth of a series being put out by the organization on “The Causes of Industrial Peace Under Collective Bargaining.” From the Lockheed-IAM exper ience, the Planning body reached the conclusion that “industrial war fare is not inevitable, even when companies and unions are faced with unusually difficult and com plicated problems.” Its latest study is part of a three-year project undertaken by an NPA committee, headed by Clinton S. Golden, now a top labor advisor in the Economic Coopera tion Administration, and composed of 28 other business, labor and pro fessional leaders. On the spot in vestigation at Lockheed was under- taken by Clark Kerr, director of the institute of industrial relations at the University of California, and George Halverson, formerly of the institute and now an NLRB field examiner. “Peace has been preserved at Lockheed-though occasionally by a narrow margin—during a period of violent changes in the airframe construction industry,” the report pointed. Strikes were avoided even during a period when employment at Lockheed shot up from 1,000 to 94,000 workers, because of war de mands, and again after the war, when it dropped to 18,600. Lacking a union shop, the IAM lodge has had to keep on a con stant, tremendous organizing job at the plant to get and hold mem bers, but this was done without any threat of a strike, the report de clared. “Lockheed and the IAM have not had fully harmonious relations,” the document added. Their record includes 30,(W0 grievances—though only 25 arbitrations were called for and two near-strike. “Lockheed contributed to peace by voluntarily recognizing the union at the start. It was the first company in the airframe industry in Southern California to agree to collective bargaining and it has given the union continued accept ance. “Were It not for joint participa tion of the union, a degree of pat ernalism might be ascribed to the company policies. As worked out, however, an unusual degree of union-management cooperation in the constructive advancement of employe welfare has evolved. “IAM, on its part, has ‘accepted’ MARTIN Funeral Home 1 t.’V •/. z -4^ »|'s* ideological quarrel over private ownership and operation of the in* dustry. The local union has had the benefit of advice and help from representatives of a seasoned and responsible international union, but it has had a high degree of local autonomy. “It is noted for its democratic administration, and the leaders of the local have been alert, aggres sive and honest.” Industrialists Raising Big Fund To Elect Taft San Diego, California (LPA)— More proof that industrialists all over the country are raising a big war chest for the re-election of their idol, Sen. Robert Taft (R., Ohio) was brought to light here by the San Diego *Labor Leader. The Leader printed a copy of a frantic appeal for Taft addressed by the San Diego Employers’ Asso- ciation, Inc., to all its members. The appeal glorified Taft as the savior of the employers, and called upon them to contribute to his poli tical fund. “If Taft goes down to defeat,” the association cried, “it will be a demonstration of- leftwing labor political power which cannot help but have a discouraging effect upon other congressmen and senators. As the U.S. Senate is a national foram, so it will be a national cat astrophe if Senator Taft is pole axed. .” Then the document revealed that “spreading throughout the west, from Texas to Washington, is a spontaneous movement to assist Senator Taft.” It suggested that a dollar from each of “several mill ion business and professional men” around the country be forwarded to Taft, along with form letters praising him for his purported “courageous statemanship.” Similar fund drives are being conducted by employers’ organizations all over the country. In New Jersey, rich industrialists were reported to have raised a half million dollars for Taft., and in Chicago, employers were aiming at an equal amount. Work Picks Up (Continued From Page One, members Ben has proven to be one of our most active. Bro. Dave Bevan is, as we under stand, doing a very good job or ganizing the municipal workers throughout this district. Bro Bevan can always be counted on to do his job well and we know this job will be no exception. This is to be a final warning to those members who do not take the paying of their dues, fines and assessments serious enough to keep paid-up. It will be the duty of the officers to enforce the regu lations governing this to the great est extent. Bro. Roy Clutter would like to know if any brother can give him any information as to the where abouts of his brother Clarence (Bun) Clutter. If so they can con tact Roy by addressing him at Nutter Fort, W. Va. —O.C.—99 Nature gives everybody five senses—touch, taste, sight, smell and hearing. Everybody needs two more—horse and common, 41 YEARS AGO 33 WORKERS GOT TOG ETHER TO RAISE THE STANDARD OF LIVING FOR THEIR FAMILIES BY SETTING UP THEIR OWN STORE. SINCE THEN, THE CO-OP HAS— Caused prices to be lowered on the goods it handles. Assured good quality and fair treatment to consumers. k Grown to over 2 300 member-families owning 15 stores and departments. Returned nearly million dollars in savings to its members. WHY? Because the Co-op is--— Owned BY The People Operated FOR The People CO-OP **.....* St. Clair & McKinnon Aves 1908—1949 Fast Liverpool A -t. ik/' t. 4 a Real Estate Group Joins Hands With Doctors’ Lobby Chicago (LPA) The hand of fellowship was extended by the real estate boards of the US to their colleagues of the American Medical Association which in turn has already worked out a well financed tie-in with the insurance companies. Objectives of the new alliance? “To prohibit the federal government from engaging in any business customarily conducted by private enterprise.” That’s to say, the Nat’l Associa tion of Real Estate Boards indicat ed in its statement of policy adopt ed here Nov. 23, “We offer to the American Medical Association in its battle to preserve the in tegrity of the medical profession, the wholehearted cooperation of the realtors of the nation.” “As the government invaded the real estate field with its socialized housing program, so it is attempt ing to socialize medicine,” the NAREB delegates from all over the nation resolved. For socialized housing, sophisticated reporters read low-rent public housing for socialized medicine, they substitute the more accurate description compulsory. national health insur ance. Echoing the sentiments of Re publican Senate leader Kenneth Wherry (R, Nebr.) who had spok en to them earlier, the real estate men voted a resounding attack on federal spending, said children should look to their parents rather than their government (or proflts hungry real estate brokers) for homes, and called for limitation on federal and state taxation. Rent control should end on June 30, 1950, the operation of federal lending agencies should be return ed to private businesses, and the federal insurance of mortgages program should be run by mort gage brokers, NAREB stated. Gen erous contributions from the 45, 000 NAREB members to the Real tors’ Washington Committee, its central lobby, were urged in the statement of policy. Discussions and talks during the sessions indicated that major emphasis of real estate board pres sure will be on local and state gov ernments, rather than on the Con gress in the months ahead. The defeat of a bond issue to finance public housing in New Jersey in the November elections, and the pledge of Mayor-elect Cobo of De troit to block public housing con struction in the 1 e s s-crowded "fringe” areas of the city, were pointed to as examples of “effec tive” local action to block low rent housing. Pressure on state and local governing bodies to lift rent controls, as is allowed in the federal law, also was mapped. Outside of matters strictly relat ed to the real estate business, the only policy matter voted on was the tie-in with the AMA in the health insurance fight. 1 y NMU MEN BACK CURRAN—Members of the National Maritime Union in Philadelphia crowd around a sign in the union hall backing President Joseph Curran’s fight against Communists within the organiza tion. The battle is now going full blast in all NMU ports. ...... ..... .... ...................... ..... .. ..................... ..... —... ... .. kin,. ...... '..... WOMEN IN INDUSTRY In the year ended July 31, 1949, a total of 370,0C0 women dropped out of the American labor market, the Bureau of the Census report ed. Heaviest reductions in women workers were in the operatives, laborers, craftsmen, and foremen groups. Domestic service lost 144,000 workers in the period, and the clerical worker group lost over 125,000. Sales and professional worker groifps also declined, parti cularly during the summer months. Marktd gains were recorded in women’s employment as farm workers and service workers, and in the proprietors, managers and officials groups. Connecticut has revised its min-’ imum adequate budget for a work ing woman without dependents. The cost of commodities and ser vices, as of March, 1949, amounts to $1,609.70. The allowances for group insurance, savings, and ap plicable taxes bring the total cost to $1,866.57. The new commodity and service list, while basically the same as that of the 1946 budget, reflects a slightly higher level of living. Mqst of the changes are .in the clothing, recreation, and transport ation categories. The provision of occupational expense, group insur ance, and savings are also new features of the state’s 1949 budget. In the midst of putting down revolutionary movements of var ious kinds, the government of Burma has found time to promul gate a new Mines Act considerably improving conditions, the Burma Gazette says. First of all, no women are allow ed to work underground and the age of young persons who may he employed underground without special ceitificate is raised from 17 to 18. Under the new act the normal hours of work on the surface in mines are reduced from 10 to 8 hours a day and from 54 to 44 hours a week. No worker may work for more than 5 hours with out having an interval for rest of at least one hour. The normal hours of work for those employed under ground in mines are reduced from 9 to 8 a day, and 40 hours will con stitute the normal working hours in a week. TEACHERS SEEK PAY HIKE Chicago (LPA) Demands for pay increases averaging 17^6 per cent were served on the Board of Education here last week by the Chicago Teachers’ Union-AFL, on lajhalf of 12,000 public school teachers. A gift Is not gift when it is non-union because something is being taken away from a union brother. Demand the Union LabeL ■,Green Tells Edwards AFL,Views ’I 'si Ml ■f/F- t:. ■■■. v'.kt Washington.—AFL President William Green expounds federation policies and views in conference with Frank Edwards, top-flight liberal commentator who begins new five-nights a week newscast sponsored by the American Federation of Labor over Mutual Broadcasting.Sys tem. Mr. Edwards takes up his new duties on sustaining basis on December 5 and under AFL sponsorship on January 2, from 10 to 10:15 d. m. EST. 1 *7 stations. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO I •4 -J.pt U. Conference Talks Over How Labor Can Defeat Taft Cleveland, Ohio (ILNS). One hundred and twenty-five delegates from local unions in the Cleveland area affiliated with the United Automobile Workers of America, AFL, met at the Hotel Hollanden the weekend of Nov. 12-13 for a series of sessions designed to im prove .union leadership. UAW-AFL International Presi dent Lester Washbum conducted the opening day’s session and led a vigorous discussion on the best methods of promoting membership interest in local union meetings and projects. At an evening session on the same day, International Union Educational Director Francis Hen son presided at a political forum in which the chief subject was “How Labor Can Beat Bob Taft.” Delegates unanimously adopted a resolution calling for the draft ing of Gov. Frank Lausche to' run against Taft in* the 1950 Senate race. A committee was appointed to personally call upon the gover nor and urge his acceptance. The Sunday sessions of the conference Were devoted to discussions on “Public Relations in Labor Organ izations” and “Effective Contract Negotiating.*’ The international union’s, public relations director, Ray W. Taylor, led the discussion on the former subject, while In e n a tional Secretary-Treasurer Anthony Doria presented an in tensive analysis of proper contract clauses with recommended phrases foir all parts of bargaining agree ments. The UAW-AFL director of the third region, Carl Smigel, arrang ed for the entire conference to be filmed by experienced cameramen. The finished movie will be used as a ^permanent visual record of the meet and will also be given wide distribution to stimulate similar conferences elsewhere in the inter national union. n AFL Masters Say Shipowners Raise Phony Hiring Cry Washington.—The AFL Masters, Mates and Pilots Organization postponed a strike on East and Gulf Coasts until Dec. 15 at theme quest of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service to guarantee the delivery of Christmas and CARE packages overseas. But the Masters Union charged that shipowners had raised a com pletely phony issue over hiring practices in the industry, Captain C. F. May, president of the union, said that the organiza tion wants the same hiring prac tice agreement on the East and Gulf Coasts as has been granted to the union on the West Coast. He said this contract guarantees the right of shipowners to select their own employes and safeguards those employes against discrimin atory discharge. The Atlantic Coast shipowners have raised the issue that the con tract provisions set up so-calhd rotation hiring. “We charge,” Captain May said in a statement, “that the employ ers are misstating the facts and have raised a completely phony issue in a vain attempt to deprive their trusted officers of deserved security and employment. “We call upon the employers in the public interest to get down to business now’ and negotiate in good faith.” The postponement was the sre ond agreed to by the union in an effort to keep American ships sail ing. Both were granted despite the delaying, union-busting negotia tions which began last September. The union hoped that the latest postponement will enable its com mittee to reach a satisfactory agreement without a pre-Uhristnias strike. 5W* ». Aw«& Lure Of Rails Described In OS Job Pamphlet By CUSHMAN REYNOLDS Washington (LPA) —There’s something about the Iron Horse! For every little boy who grows up to be a locomotive engineer there are 999 whose first dreams of career found them up in the cab highballing the Limited along the high iron. Even the government recognizes the lure of the rails. It knows that young men throughout the land are wondering how to get jobs on them. Accordingly, the Dep’t of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics has pub lished a crackerjack pamphlet en titled “Employment Outlook in Railroad Occupations.” You could n’t help reading it if you saw it: The cover is a photo of a brakeman hanging high on a box car to sig nal the engineer. Any male from nine to ninety would have to look inside. Of course, you don’t get a job railroading just by looking at a book. However, you can find out a lot about your prospects. The main point is that rail employment is expected to decline—not sharply, but enough to tighten the market, unless there is a major depression. What may keep this decline in check for a bit is the union-forced change-over from a 48-hour to a 40-hour week in the non-operating crafts which went into effect Sept. 1. In fact, the rail unions say this shorter week already has resulted in extra hiring in the western states. And they point out that when men in ‘the yard crafts get the 40-hour week, there should be more jobs in that end of railroad work. Nevertheless, the long-range outlook is for a decline in total jobs. The Bureau points to greater ef ficiency in freight handling, in creased use of the diesel locomo tive, and the inevitable decline in passenger traffic as the trains keep losing to buses, airplanes and pri vate automobiles. Nevertheless, the government analysts think that a young man who wants to work for a railroad stands a pretty good chance—provided he can show a high school diploma. They look at the opportunities craft by craft. We’ll do the same. If you want to be a locomotive engineer, forget about it for a while. You have to be a locomotive fireman first and work up. You ap ply to the road foreman or the nearest office of the Railroad Re tirement Board. Nearly 60,000 fire men were working a year ago, and in a group that size a substantial turnover cannot be avoided unless times are terrible. If you can pass the physical, in cluding a rigid eye test, you may be one of the 7000 or so hired by the roads. (In 1946, about 7400 got jobs.) Then if you get by your “trial trips”, you go on the extra board, taking jobs as they come. Eventually you get a regular run or a job in the yard. (“Yard birds” lead more regular home lives than the men in road service.) You’ll make upward of $11 a day plus overtime, or extra mileage pay. (If your pay is calculated on mile age, you may get special overtime if you’re on a slow train.) Unless the unions win an extra helper’s job for multiple unit diesels, job prospects will decline with the years. Firemen get to be engineers by putting in time and passing tests. The first thing a fireman has to know is how to run the locomotive in case something happens to the engineer. Maybe you can qualify for engineer in three or four years, but it’s as likely to take you 10 to 15. And then you’ll have to wait on the extra board again until a regu lar job turns. Nevertheless, the day finally dawns when you’re highball ing that streak of varnish, the Limited, down the main line. (More likely, you’re pulling a string of freight cars, for 80 percent of rail business is freight only one per cent is passenger. The balance is mail, express, and the like.) Being a locomotive engineer is everything you dreamed it was when you were a kid, plus a res- ponsibility a kid couldn’t know about. A locomotive is a big ma chine, and you have lives as well as property to worry about. You have to know your signals, your schedules—and how long it takes to bring your train to a halt. The rate of promotion to engine er has slowed down, the govern ment pamphlet observes, and will decline still further. But there will always be a turnover. If you got to be an engineer, you will make from ab^ut $13 a day up, but the days may be few when you’re on the extra board. There’s a lot to railroading be- sides running the engine up front. It takes brakemen for freight trains, trainmen for passenger trains, conductors who are the “captains” of both freight and passenger trains, train baggage men, engine hostlers, switch hand lers, Pullman conductors, Pullman porters and club car attendants, waiters, cooks, stewards, dispatch ers, clerks, telegraphers, tower men, station agents and redcaps, plus all the skilled mechanics anti their helpers in the maintenance of equipment and maintenance of way departments. There were more than a million and a quarter of them in 1948, including engineers and firemen. It takes mere than 400 union agreements to cover them all. The employment outlook in all occupations is the same as for engineers and firemen—declin ing but still plenty of opportun ities. One thing a railroader gets is union protection and government protection won by the unions for their members. The unions, some of which are independent, but many of which are affiliated with the AFL, scored some notable victories ahead of the rest of labor. As early as 1926, Congress pass ed the Railway Labor act giving rail workers a statutory right to organize and bargain collectively, years before the NRA or the Wag ner act. The Railway Labor act was strengthened in favor of the unions in 1934. The Railroad Re tirement act and the Railroad Un employment Insurance act guar antee workers over 65, with suf ficient service, pensions that aver age 83 dollars a month, annuities to the disabled, and unemployment benefits. When you’re a railroader, you’re in a solid union front. T-H Act Pushed (Continued From Page One} wing unions but that the “problem of ridding American labor unions of Communistic infiltration is pri marily one for union membership. This most worthwhile objective may be hindered by well-intention ed but ill-advised employer inter vention.” that £SA 4 *, i Thursday, December 1, 1949 Scabs Deal Up Textile Workers Representative Tarboro" N. C. (LPA) Four scabs attacked R. H. Harris as he sat in an auto on Tarboro’s main street, dragged him out and beat him until fellow union members and merchants from nearby stores rescued him. Harris is a staff re presentative of the Textile Work ers, who have been on strike for five months at the Hart cotton mill here, with 550 workers out. Police failed to investigate. The union swore out warrants for Mel vin Smith, Roy Brock, and Dewey Ward, the scabs, and Onnie Boy ken. Jhe four were free an hour after their arrest, on bail furnish ed by the mill. At the trial, Smith and Broclc were found guilty, given suspended sentences, and fined. Smith was put on probation, hav ing been involved in an earlier as sault on a union member. The home of A. C. Hughes, a striker, in nearby Fountain mill village, was dynamited. Fortunate ly, no one was at home. Police can’t find any clues, they say. The absentee owners and man agement of the mill refused to ap pear before a House Labor sub committee at a hearing in Wash ington Oct. 20, and the probers an nounced subpoenas will be issued for them to appear at a hearing in Atlanta Nov. 23. The subcommittee! is headed by Rep. Tom Burke (Di Ohio). new models ...new low prices low terms to fit your budget OHI ,1 Ask for Union Labeled merchan* diee. Co.