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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, December 01, 1949, Image 6

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PAGE SIX
LEGAL TECHNICALITIES
WEAPON IN COAL FIGHT
(LPA)—The battle*-
Washington
of the United Mine Workers for a
xnew and better contract may turn
on narrow legal technicalities, it is
believed here.
Matters came to a head on Nov.
21, when UMW President John L.
Lewis met with Sen. Styles Bridges
(R, N.H.) and Charles I. Dawson
of Louisville, Ky., the other two
trustees of the miners’ much-de
bated welfare and pension fund. In
a stormy session Lewis blocked the
seating of Dawson, whom the oper
ators recently named as their new
spokesman on the three-man board.
Although there has been no con
tract between the operators and
the UMW to'constitute a legal
basis for the fund or its adminis
tration since June 30, Dawson, it
is believed, claimed his seat on the
basis of an implied contract be
cause the fund is an irrevocable
trust. Lewis threw the idea of “im
plied contract” right back.
Lewis anticipated that Sen.
^Bridges and Davison, by voting to
gether on bow to ufte the fund,
would be able to force him to ac
cept an inferior agreement in ex
change for authorization to make
payments to sick, injured and aged
miners from the $13,000,000 which
has been paid into the fund by the
operators since June 30. There is
nearly $1,000,000 left from money
collected before June 30.
Lewis on his part insisted that
there was an implied contract to
use the money which has been col
lected for pensions and welfare, as
long as it kept coming in. Lewis,
Bridges and Dawson will meet
again Dec. 2, but by then there
may be new developments, for on
Dec. 1 the three-week suspension
of the strike of 400,000 bituminous
miners will be up, and there is an
“implied threat” that they will lay
down their picks again. However,
President Truman has indicated
that he will obtain a Taft-Hartley
injuiK tion to restrain them.
The miners are seeking a short
er day, a wage increase and an in
crease in the royalty per ton of
coal mined which the operators now
pay into the welfare fund. After
the old contract expired, the Mine
Workers went on a three-day week
for the summer. On Sept. 19, they
began a strike, which was called a
no-day week. Two weeks later,
100,(MIO anthracite miners in Penn
sylvania and soft-coal miners in
the Far West were ordered back to
work by the union. The remaining
400,000 were sent back Nov. 9 to
stay at work through Nov. 30.
WOLL REPORTS ON FEARS
OF GERMAN UNIONISTS
Frankfurt (LPA) German
trade union leaders fear the pre
war rulers of German industry
may regain control, according to
Matthew Woll, vice-president of
the American Federation of Labor.
He said the German unionists feel
Germany cannot become a demo
cratic nation if the same men who
led to the rise of Hitlerism are al
lowed to come back. Mr. Woll was
guest of honor Nov. 20 at a party
given by Mrs. Perle Mesta, Ameri
can Minister to Luxembourg. The
100 guests included government
and labor leaders, and diplomats.
DOCTOR SHOES
FOR FOOT
COMFORT
Flexible and
rigid arch
■tylea In ox
fords and
high i o e a
X-ray Fitting
BENDHEIMS
East Sixth Street
■V .T’, »3.'
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I
5.<p></p>Mineral
5
Dawson
UAW And Kaiser
Frazer Sign Pact
With Pensions
Willow Run, Mich. (LPA)—Esta
blishment of a pension plan follow
ing recommendations of the pres
idential fact-finders report in the
steel industry was announced joint
ly Nov. 22 by the Kaiser-Frazer
Corp, and the United Auto Work
ers. Negotiations started five
months ago.
In addition to the retirement
fund for workers 65 and over, the
contract extends the existing sor
cial security fund which has pro
vided medical benefits and life in
surance for KF employes for th$
past year. Details of the retirement
plan an* to be worked out by a
union-management committee
which is to report back in 90 days.
The company will pay into the
fund six cents an hour for each em
ploye covered. The pensions agree
ment extends until Nov. 11, 1954,
and the fund will be administered
by a union-company board with an
impartial chairman.
The social secrity fund set up in
June, 1948, was the first of its kind
in the auto industry. It provides
Blue Cross hospitalization, sick
benefits of $30 a week for 26 weeks,
and $2000 life insurance. KF,
which in the past paid five cents
into the fund, will now pay seven
and two-thirds cents. The social
security program is being extend
ed until May 11, 1952.
No details on wage reopenings
or other contract provisions have
yet been made public. It is esti
mated that 10,000 workers will be
covered by the new contract, but
the number is indefinite as KF is
low shut down for inventory and
retooling.
Fliers Rebuffed
At Crash Inquiry
Washington (LPA) After !in
dstence by the Civil Aeronautics
Board that investigation of the
Nov. 1 air crash here which killed
55 be confined to that accident
alone, spokesmen for the Air Line
Pilots Ass’n-AFL walked out of
the hearing room.
The union pilots wanted the in
quiry into the cause of the tragedy,
n which an old P-38 fighter flown
by a Bolivian officer cut an East
ern Air Lines DC-4 in two in mid
air, to include general questions of
air safety and recommendations to
prevent future crashes. But they
were told that their testimony
wasn’t Wanted.
After leaving the hearing room
the pilots renewed their demand
for an independent air safety
board. They said it was a mistake
to permit a body like the CAB,
which is concerned with making
regulations, and the Civil Aerona
utics Authority, which enforces
them, to investigate safety mat
ters.
Earlier the A FL fliers asked
some embarrassing questions about
CAA responsibilities and compet
ence, and had fully expected to be
allowed to air their professional
views at the hearings. Union
spokesmen had done so in previous
crash inquiries, and in this case
three union fliers had taken part
in the technical aspects of the in
vestigation.
You’re an optimist if you don’t
care whnt happens so long as it
happens to somebody else.
1 T'
••Bvlosrs
t*
ACTUAL chargeo for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
DAWSON Funeral Home are as
follows I
10% Were------- Under $150
9% Were------- Under $300
50% Were------- Under $500
31% Were Over $500
Funeral Home
"SO MUCH ... ioa Httta’
BIS Wwt Rfth Street Phone Maia 10
I
V
A FL Members Win Largest Back Pay Claim
Los Angeles.—Demonstrating how A FL unions serv$ their mem
bers and the workers they represent. Jack M. Helsley and John T.
Howard of Operating Engineers Local 12 receive checks totalling
$3,265.25 from Samuel Kalish, California Deputy Labor Commissioner,
for back pay illegally withheld under California law by their employer,
Los Angeles Decomposed Granite Co. The claims were the largest
ever settled by the Los Angeles office of the California State Labor
Commission. M. L. (Lee) Miller, (left) business representative of
Local 12, looks on as Mr. Kalish hands check to Mr. Howard. Between
Mr. Kalish and Mr. Howard are Mr. Helsley and Mrs. Howard. After
tax deductions, Mr. Howard’s check amounted to $1,312.19 and Mr.
Helsley’s to $1,312.19. The cases were pressed to their successful
conclusion by Business Representative Miller.
ECA Important Program
And The Tariff
Editor’s Note:—
During the convention of thejeration of Labor, with sympathetic
understanding and appreciation if
the economic difficulty that con
fronts foreign countries as well as
the United States in their efforts
to restore trade balances and to
American Federation of Labor held
in St. Paul, Minn, in October, there
was a meeting of America’s Wage
Earners Protective Conference
which President Duffy attended
representing the National Broth
erhood of Operative Potters along
with representatives of various
other organizations affiliated with
the conference. In the business
transacted, a very important reso
lution was adopted which we re
produce as follows:
Whereas the national debt in the
United States is in excess of 25C
billion dollars, requiring 5 billion
dollars In payment of annual inter
est thereon
Whereas benefit payments and
other assistance to veterans re
quire annual appropriations of ap
proximately 5 additional billion
dollars, with little probability of
reduction In the near future
grants to foreign governments for
rehabilitation and recovery call for
still another 5 or 6 billion dollars
per year, and national defense ap
propriations demand some 15 bill
ion dollars annually while the
costs of the civil government, in
cluding price support of agricul
tural products and higher pay of
public employees, consume an ad
ditional fund of 12 to 15 billion
dollars
Whereas the annual national
budget thus exceeds 40 billion dol
lars, a great part of which is fixed
and recurrent in character, thus
offering scant hope of material re
duction
Whereas a national income of
more than 200 billion dollars per
year is necessary to sustain a bud
get of this magnitude without an
increase in federal taxation which
to sustain a budget of this magni
tude without an increase in federal
taxation which already absorbs ap
proximately 20% of national in
come
Whereas such a level of national
income can be sustained only by a
combination of (I) high wages,
(2) a high level of employment,
(8) a high degree of production,
and (4) a high level of prices
Whereas the dollar shortages of
numerous foreign countries, caused
in great degree by the financing of
two world wars, has created a de
mand for a much greater volume
of imports by the United States as
a meang of restoring trade balances
and has led recently to a devalua
tion of foreign currencies as a step
toward that goal
Whereas the high plateau upon
which the economy of the United
States now rests makes it highly
vulnerable to the deflationary and
undermining effects of imports if
these can be offered in our markets
at prices below those offered by
our own producers
Whereas the condition of short
ages which prevailed during the
post-war period in this country has
disappeared in nearly all lines of
goods and commodities, and given
way to the threat of surpluses,
thus marking the shift from a sell
er’s to a buyer’s market I
Whereas a moderate decline in
the general price level may be de
sirable but a marked decline or a
return to the pre-war price level
would be disastrous
Whereas the competitive effects
of imports, priced, after payment
of duty, below the level at which
our own products can profitably be
sold in our home market, are to
depress wages and curtail employ
ment in a buyer’s market as dis
tinguished from a seller’s market
Therefore, be it resolved that
America’s Wage Earners’ Protec
tive Conference, a non-profit organ
ization, composed exclusively of
national and international unions
affiliated with the American Fed-
overcome the problem of dollar
shortages abroad, ’’memorialize the
President and the Congress of the
United States, setting forth the
great economic peril to the nation
that inheres in the present policy
of selectively exposing American
producers, through theoretically
jonsidered tariff reductions, to low
,vage competition from abroad
Be it further resolved that we
regard it to be wholly unnecessary
and in fact destructive of the avow
ed purpose of promoting imports,
to reduce import duties to a point
that creates pressure on wages and
prices in this country and that the
objective of increased trade can
best be met by setting tariff rate*
at a level that will insure fair and
not destructive competition that
the deflationary pressures gener
ated by unfair foreign competition
cannot be localized nor readily ar
rested through present escape pro
visions in trade agreements and
that therefore the idea of promot
ing the general interest at the ex
pense of a few industries, to be
sacrificed in behalf of a general
policy, is both false and danger
ous
Finally, be it resolved that since
of necessity our nation ia commit
ted as a requisite of meeting its in
ternal and external obligations and
commitments for some years to
come, to a high national income
and high prices as compared with
pre-war years, we consider the
claims of consumers to buy im
ported goods at low prices to be
invalid if such low prices destroy
wage earnings and profits and thus
reduce the national income and the
sources of internal revenue that
this is the crux of the problem and
that the present method of reduc
ing duties, through executive nego
tiation, without authoritative guid
ance from an impartial fact-find
ing agency, is inexpert, irrespon
sive to the needs of domestic pro
ducers and inadequate to the in
tricate requirements of the pro
blem.
The implications of a greatly ex
panded import program are so far
reaching in their possible impact
upon the present vulnerable econ
omy of the United States, that any
such program should be launched
only under the guidance of the
most responsible, practical, and
competent officials and should not
be left solely in the hands of em
ployees of executive agencies who
are far removed from the field of
production and who regard our pro
ducers simply as selfish interests.
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
hi
O. R. Strackbein
Executive Secretary
Some fellows are so lazy going
to the dogs that they want the dogs
to meet them half way.
NOTICE OF HEARING
The Board of Township Trustees
of St. Clair Township, Columbiana
County, Ohio, hereby give notice
that on the 18 day of November,
1949, they filed a petition in the
Common Pleas Court to transfer
the sum of Eighteen Hundred
Dollars ($1,800.00) from the Gen
°ral Fund to the Road and Bridge
Fund.
Said action will be for hearing
on said petition before the Common
Pleas Court in the Court House,
Libson, Ohio,, on the 21 day of
December, 1949, or as soon there
after as convenient for the Court.
ST. CLAIR TOWNSHIP
TRUSTEES
By: J. Neil McIntosh,
Clerk
i iiffFHiWWHBSMaMMttx
OBITUARIES I
'll,.-
CHARLES B. SEC REST
Charles B. Secrest, 72, of 1315
Boyce Ave., Wellsville, d*ed Nov.
24, in the Tuscarawas Sanatorium
at New Philadelphia, where he had
been a patient since Oct. 15.
Mr. Secrest was bom in Mor
gan county, near McConnelsville,
and spent most of his lifetime in
Wellsville. He was a packer and
was employed by the Homer
Laughlin China Co. for many years
before his retirement four years
ago. He also conducted a green
house on Boyce Ave. until recently.
Mr. Secrest was a veteran of
the Spanish-American War, having
served with old Co. E, Eighth Ohio
Volunteer Infantry “McKinley’s
Own”—in 1898. He was a member
of the International Bible Students
Association and the National Bro
therhood of Operative Potters.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Mary
Chettle Secrest a daughter, Mrs.
Wayne B. Hamilton of Wellsville,
and two sisters, Mrs. Myrta Baird
and Mrs,\ Edna Bailey, both of
Sdlem.
HUBERT CLINE
Hubert Cline, 48, died Nov. 22
in his home in Cream City, near
Hammondsville.
Mr. Cline, a dipper for the Ster
ling China Co. was taken ill fol
lowing his return home from work.
He was a member of Local Union
24, National Brotherhood of Oper
ative Potters.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Helen
Crawford Cline five daughters,
Mrs. Lulu Goleno of Cream City,
Mrs. June Harding, Jean Ann
Cline, Nancy Cline and Mary Cline
at home four sons, Hubert Cline
Jr^ William Cline, John Cline and
Edward Cline at home two sisters,
Mrs. Mabel Morrell of Wellsville,
and Mrs. Ida Mushrush of Empire
three half-brothers, George Cronin
and Charles Cronin of Somerset,
and Ray Cline of Cleveland, and
two grandchildren.
HEBER N. THOMPSON
Heber N«. Thompson, 59, World
War I veteran, died Nov. 28 in his
home, 729 Lincoln Ave., after a
several months’ illness.
Mr. Thompson, a son of Mrs.
Jan^t. Shafer Thompson and the
Iftt^si ^&ryey Thompson, was
bshn in East Liverpool. He was(
employed last as a turner at the
Taylor, Smith & Taylor pottery.
He was a member of Local Union i
10, National Brotherhood of Opera
tive Potters, Veterans of Foreigh
Wars Post 66 And American Legion
Post* 87$.
Hi^ mother is his only survivor.
German Unionists
Impressed By
Democracy in U.S.
New York (LPA)—Ten German
labor leaders sailed for home Nov.
25 After a two-month tour of the
United States, surprised at their
friendly reception, and filled with
admiration for American demo
cracy, productive efficiency, and
living standards. They came here
under the joint auspices of army
and the U. S. Dept, of Labor, saw
industry at work, visited both the
A FL and CIO national conventions,
and took in TVA. At a farewell
pres* conference in Washington,
they gave newsmen their impres
sions of this country.
Hans Stetter of Stuttgart, a pre
war member of the Reichstag, and
a union member since 1903, said
German industry could not oper
ate on a two-shift or three-shift
basis, as here, because there is not
enough capital, or materials, or
freedom to act. And even if they
could act, there would be no buy
ers for their products, he said. Am
ericans are not much different from
other people, he said, as they too
blame politicians and taxes for all
ills. Stetter, a joiner, is a member
of the Stuttgart City Coqncil.
Ernst Schwartz, of Mannhein,
an anti-Nazi who was thrown into
a concentration camp in 1938, was
struck by the democratic aspects
of American life, in the relations
of parents and children, children
and teachers, and in collective bar
gaining. In Germany, he said, the
model child is an obedient child
here he is trained to make free de
cisions. He decried the American
poll taxes, and criticized the occu
pation authorities for nullifying
German laws. He is deputy chair
man of the Chemistry, Paper and
Ceramics Union.
Fritz Angermeier, of Munich,
was struck by the tolerance of Am
ericans, by lack of evidence of
what he called “the class struggle”,
and by the American educational
system. In Germany, he said, free
public education ends at the 4th
grade. After that, children go to
private school, which he said
creates class consciousness. He
noted also that whereas German'
education is technical, here it is
general, there is little emphasis on
blind obedience.
Angermeier is secretary for’
youth of the Bavarian Industrial
Union of Hardware Workers.
Demand the Union Label.
DAVID E. LILIENTHAL—Rum
ors that Atomic Energy Commis
sioner David Lilienthai is about to
resign in protest against unneces
sary secrecy in the atomic energy
program are circulating in Wash
ington. The former TVA head is
said to be planning the move in
hopes that it will jolt Congress
into a more realistic approach to
the program.
Bridges’ Lawyer
Gets Six Months
Same Old Show
San Francisco (LPA)—Before it
was many days old, Harry Bridges’
trial for perjury began to look like
a road troupe putting on the same
old show.
On Nov. 22, Federal Judge
George B. Harris, disgusted by the
turbulent antics of the defense,
found Bridges’ attorney, Vincent
Hallinan, guilty of contempt of
court and sentenced him to six
months in jail. However, after
pleas from associate defense coun
sel James M. Maclnnis and Bridges
himself, the judge stayed execu
tion of the sentence until the trial
is over.
Hallinan incurred Judge Harris’
wrath the first day he appeared
and then by his tactics swiftly
brought things to a climax. Hall
inan attempted, the judge said, to
“run roughshod and unbridled over
the further progress of this trial.”
In sentencing Hallinan, the judge
reviewed the record of the trial
from its Nov. 14 beginning to date,
citing instance after instance in
which he said the attorney was in
contempt.
Bridges, president of the Int’l
Longshoremen & Warehousemen’s
Union, is charged with having per
jured himself when he obtained
citizenship papers in 1945 by
swearing he was not a Communist.
On trial with him are two other
ILWU officials, accused of conspir
ing with Bridges.
Hallinan became Bridges’ attor
ney when the sharp-nosed union
leader’s former lawyer, Richard
Gladstein, was placed in contempt
in New York for his tactics in the
recent trial of 11 Communists.
Hallinan maintained that Judge
Harris entertained a personal dis
like for him, and tried to file a
formal motion and affidavit to dis
qualify the judge for “personal
Mas and prejudice.” Judge Harris,
dn bis part, disbarred Hallinan
ftom practicing in this federal
judicial district.
New World Union
Federation Set Up
London (LPA)—Delegates from
free trade unions in more than 40
nations, claiming to speak for over
50,000,000 workers, assembled here
Nov. 28 to form a new world labor
organization.
From the United States, a strong
delegation including AFL President
William Green and United Auto
Workers President Walter Reuther
is expected to take an active part
in the discussions.
While the new organization in
tends to get a fresh start, it is the
newest in a long series of attempts
to build a world-wide alliance of
labor unions, starting with the In
ternational Workingmen’s Associa
tion in 1864, down to the World
Federation of Trade Unions, form
ed in 1945, abandoned by the last
of the affiliated non-Communist
unions early this year, when it be
came clear that the WFTU would
follow slavishly the line laid down
by the Soviet Union.
Since the death of the Int’l Fed
eration of Trade Unions when
World War II disrupted Europe,
the main center for non-Commun
ist unions that has been built up
has been the Trade Union Advis
ory Committee to the European,
Recovery Program. This includes
the pro-Marshall Plan unions both,
in the recipient nations, and in the
US.
Once the knotty problems of or-.
ganization structure, and a basic
statement of principles held in
common, have been worked out,
the new free union federation is
planning to make representations
to the United Nations asking that
the WFTU be barred from appear
ing as the spokesman for the work
ers of the world, and that the new
group be given the right to speak
and present proposals to the UN’s'
various councils* I
grams.
Bureau Director Robert C. Good
win reported that as a result of an
October survey of labor market
conditions, 5 areas included in the
September list of 35 “E” areas
were removed from that category.
Three additional areas where the
survey showed unemployment was
a serious problem were added to
the list of areas classified as “E,”
the number of su^h areas as of
Oct ?8, totaling 33.
New “E” areas added to the list
included Honolulu, T. H., and Al
toona and Johnstown, Pa.
Removed from the “E” classifica
tions were Jackson, Port Huron,
and the Upper Peninsula copper
areas in Michigan Burlington, Vt.,
and Manchester, N. H.
Goodwin said that in the latest
survey 30 of the 35 areas classified
as “E” in September had reported
declines in unemployment and 26
of these areas had reported in
creases in employment.
“While the improvements in
labor market conditions were wide
spread, the unemployment declines
were sufficient in only 5 instances
to warrant a classification change
to a higher category,,” Goodwin
said. “It is encouraging to note,
however, that 11 of the 26 areas
reporting employment increases
showed gains in employment rang
ing from 8.5 percent for Ansonia,
Conn., to 14.8 percent in Burling
ton, Vt. Others of the 11 areas
were employment increases were
substantial included a w e n c.e,
Mass., 7.9 percent Danielson,
Conn. 7.1 percent Bristol, Conn.,
6.2 percent Meriden, Conn., 5.8
percent Cumberland, Md., 5.4 per
cent Fitchburg, Mass., 5.3 per-
Another HIT
from the makers of
’CMXMFioar*
Thursday, December 1, 19'19
Most Labor Market Areas Report
Unemployment Declining In October
Washington, D. C. (ILNS). -‘-•1'-'“ ",
Labor market conditions improved
in most of the nation’s areas of
heavy unemployment between early
September and October, resulting
in a net reduction of 2 in the num
ber of labor market areas classi
fied as “E,” that is areas of very
substantial labor surpluses, the
Labor Department’s Bureau of
Employment Security announced
here. The “E” areas receive pre
ferential treatment in the award
ing of government procurement
contracts and in other Federal pro­
cent Cairo, Ill., 4.8 percent, and
Utica-Rome, N. Y., S.7 percent.
“Areas where employment has
shown the greatest decline include
Honolulu, 10.3 percent: Altoona,
Pa., 9.3 percent Mt. Vernon, III.,
7.6 percent Greensburg, Pa., 4.8
percent, and Jasper, Ala., 4.0 per-
cent.”
Consumer-Goods Jobs Gain
Washington (LPA)—Despite thte
fact that nationwide strikes pared
the number of industrial and com-
mercial job-holders by 750,000 in
October, “sustained high levels of
purchasing power” was credited
with keeping jobs rising in con
sumer goods industries, according
to a Labor Dep’t report Nov. 26.
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NEWS of the DAY in Pictures I

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