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Wlje Pottery Herald 4 V OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTERS and--- EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL Published every Thursday_atEast Liverpool, Ohio, byjhe President .James M. Duffy, P. O. Box 762, East Liverpool, Ohio First Vice President....E. L. Wheatley, Room 215, Broad Street, National Bank Build ing, Trenton 8, New Jersey Second Vice President. Frank Hull, Cl 11 Padfle Blvd., Huntington Park, Calif. Third Vice President...... Jane-- Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice President .Charles Zinner, 1045 Ohio Avenue. Trenton 8, New Jersey Fifth Vice President-..——.—..—.....—. Arthur Devlin. Ashmore Ave., Trnton, N. J. Sixth Vice President Frank Dales, t»15 Alton St., East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Vice President T. J. D-inond, C25 E. Litvin Way, Minerva. Ohio Eighth Vice Presidents. -Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va. Secretary-Treasurer.C3ia-. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 7.7j, East Liverpool, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTER Manufacturers.. .....M. J. LYNCH, W. A, BETZ. J. T. HALL Operatives.CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, ERNEST TORRENCE CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers. ...E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ Operatives. BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN, CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers. ROBERT DIETZ. Sr„ W. A. BETZ, RAY BROOKES Operatives...................................... JAMES 1 VEN, \i. ROSE STEWART i Suggested New Year's Resolutions For All Members 1. I believe that I should be a real member of the union and practice as well as preach the cause. 2. I believe that it is my duty to attend my union meet ings regularly and serve on committees when I am called upon to do so. 3. I believe that as a union man I should pay my dues promptly and preferably in advance (thus saving my fin ancial secretary a headache.) 4. I believe that those, with whom I work, should also be. paid-up members of the organization. 5. I believe that I should patronize union places of busi ness and demand the union label. *6. I believe that I should observe all safety rules in the plant where I am employed and insist upon all other workers doing likewise. 7. I believe that it is my duty to notify my union of any change in my address, telephone number or place of employ ment promptly. •8. I believe that I should never indulge in whisperings against any officer or any of the members and should not tolerate such practice. 9. I believe that I should be considerate of all members of the union, especially those who are getting along in years. (I’ll be old myself some day.) 10. I believe that I should be always a good American citizen and cast my vote in every national, state, county, and municipal election. 5 Bankers Look At Taxes It is doubtful if any of us like to pay taxes. Yet, if we think at all we know that we must pay taxes for government, and the more we ask from government, the greater will be the tax burden. We believe, quite rightly, that taxes should be based on ability to pay. That is a fixed government policy with us. That is why large incomes are taxed at a greater percentage than smaller incomes. The Investment Bankers of America agree with that policy only in part. They want Congress to limit taxes to pot more than 50 percent of income. At present income taxes Teach as high as 80 percent, for the very fattest, ixn kiest of incomes, the million a year class. What would happen if the Investment Bankers had their way? Just this: Either governnjent would have to cut out a lot of spend ing, and that means reduce many of the activities which we, as common folks, want and think we should have. Or, the income taxes for the little people would have to be increased very greatly. The worker with an income of $2,500 might have to pay $1,000 or even 50 percent in income taxes, but the Investment Banker with an income of a million would still have half a million left after paying his income tax bill. No one blames the bankers for wanting lower income taxes. They are very human, insofar as their own cash is concerned, at least. Like the rest of us they want to hang to more of their annual take. If they can shove the burden to the little fellows—Union memliers, for instance, whom the Investment Bankers naturally dislike they will be very happy. The point is that none of us who toil for our living should ever let the We are paying too paying enough. big fellows fool us about income taxes, much now and the big fellows are not Rights! The establishment in London recently of the new Inter national Confederation of Fret4 Trade Unions is a fact of outstanding significance to trade unionists in this country— indeed, all over the world. For welded together here in a world labor organization are 48,000,000 working men and women of many national ities, all dedicated to the proiwisition of rejecting th» commu nist system and working out their destinies as free men, through free democratic institutions. Thu world labor organization is a new manifestation of the old, militant spirit of free trade unionism. This was made clear by the assembled delegates who reasserted in unmistakable terms the basic rights of all working men ami women: Their right to social justice, their right to have a job, their right to have a choice of employment, and their obliga tions to achieve these rights through the changing of gov ernments and political institutions by democratic means. Religion On Labor Artd so to labor, as to an old friend, the Church ad dresses her message and that message is: “Organize! It is the only way to resist the “immense power and despotic economic domination which is concentrated in the hands of a few.”—Bernard J. Shiel, Senior Auxiliary Bishop of Chi cago. The only ho|e for a truly implemented democratic way of life is in a free and alert trade union movement.—Rabbi Jacob J. Weinstein, K.A.M. Temple, Chicago. The labor movement has helped many an individual to find himself in meaningful cooperation withthis fellows. In the opportunity to participate in the life of the labor union, the worker lias the chance to develop capacities for leader ship, and thereby* he feels he has more to give as a neigh bor and citizen. y?' U’?r ft N. B.,of operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State Entered at Post Office, East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second-class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1109. Act of October 18. 1917, authorised August 20, 1911. GENERAL OFFICEN N. B. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL El itor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada. $2.oo Q. Pm owning andl What Price Freedom? The basic conflict between freedom and the require* ments of national security has been ably analyzed in a re port recently published by the Committee for Economic De velopment. The CED, composed of far-sighted business lead ers, recognizes the threat? of present security measures not Only to the rights Of free Citizens, but to the Very life of OU1 democratic and civilian institutions. The security program, as we have seen it grow in the past decade, needs drastic ad justment if a free America is to survive and freedom and dignity of the individual as the foundation of our society are to be preserved. But is the problem solely one of freedom vs. security? By focusing attention on the characteristics of the “garrison police state” to which public apathy and military pressure might lead, the CED has unintentionally lifted the issue to a far higher level. It is not only in a state hemmed in by security restric tions that “the soldier and political policeman rise to power, channels of information dry up, public discussion atrophies, power of Congress dwindles, the courts weaken, free mark ets are constricted, and labor is hedged in by special regula tions.” These descriptions apply .with equal force to the state which, moving step by step away from its democratic role of umpire, becomes an interested party and finally the core and master of all. Measured by the rate of our submission to bureaucratic rule and gradual restrictions of economic freedom and indi vidual enterprise, there is danger indeed that the incongru ously named welfare state may become the garrison-police state, “in which decisions come from an all-powerful govern ment and all freedoms suffer.” The Job That Remains Signing the bill amending the Fair Labor Standards Act, President Truman said that the amendments to the act’s child labor provisions “should result in the virtual elimina tion of the evil of child labor from our interstate and foreign industry.” The amendments represent definite progress in extend ing the coverage of the federal law since all non-agricultural interstate industries are now brought under it. If adequate funds are appropriated for federal enforcement, eradication of child labor from these industries should be possible. However, the law still has an exemption for one large interstate industry—commercial agriculture—which is a large employer of child labor and which is subject to the provisions of the law only during school hours. Thousands of young children are employed on commercial farms during the long summer months, unprotected either by the 14 year age limit, or by the hour regulations to 16 years, which ap ply to non-agricultural employment during school vacations. Elimination of the child labor evil from interstate commerce industries still waits on the closing of this open door to ex ploitation in commercial agriculture. There are plenty of other open doors to child labor in local industries, not subject to the federal law, and the pub lic needs to be fully aware that the federal law alone, no matter how inclusive it is, cannot close the doors to child labor in retail stores, laundries, restaurants, theatres, bowl ing alleys and similar establishments which can be regulated only by state laws. And even when there are state laws regulating child labor in the industries just mentioned, many are far from adequate. The situation can be summed up by saying that the fed eral law is more inclusive than it was—but that doesn’t mean the end of exploitation of children in industry, unfortunately. We Always Lose Down through the years some of our best citizens have come from the ranks of workers. To be absolutely honest, we can probably claim that all of our best people have come up from the ranks, Ben Franklin perhaps being our first notable example. In recent years there have been many others who reach ed the top or near the top, and then our Heavenly Father called them, depriving us of all their experience, all their knowledge, and all the benefit we had a right to expect from their future among us all their advice based on what they had in their heads. A week ago Dick Ornburn died. Known all over this na tion as I. M. Ornburn, secretary-treasurer of the Union Label Trades Department of the American Federation of Labor, Dick was just about the epitome of what we now know as a public relations man. For the past 15 years he had been building up good feeling among trades unionists and employers in fact, between all workers and manufactur ers. And he did a grand job of it. He had the good will of everyone who know him, and his ambition to promote the use of the union label, shop card, and union button will never die. Dick Ornburn was a symbol of unionism at its best. His accomplishments will be a monument to his life work. He can rest in peace believing that he left nothing behind him but a good job well done and thousands of friends. On The Coal Front On the coal front United Mine Workers President John L. Lewis abandoned attempts to get an industry wide con tract and signed up companies on an individual basis. The companies agreeing to a new contract calling for a 95 cents a day wage boost and an additional 15 cents a ton for wel fare and pensions product1 about 7 million of the country’s 450 million tons of soft coal. To administer the welfare and pension provisions of his new contracts, Lewis named as trustees himself, Josephine Roche, who directed the fund’s operation previously, and Howard W. Siiowalter of Fairmont, West Va. He continued to refuse to recognize the validity of the appointment of Charles I. Dawson as the employer-trustee of the fund pre viously collected and mines that did not go along with the new contract remained on a three-day week. "The Good Old Days" The American Iron and Steel Institute reported that the recent steel strike had reduced the steel output in October to its lowest volume since July 1982. The latter date was during the Hoover Administration. The American Iron and Steel Institute thus gives us a good idea of what reactionary Congressmen mean by their “back to-the-good-old-days” campaign: They mean back to the days when the output of the U. S. steel industry was little more than the output under the Fair Deal during a strike. Reward For Faithful Service Ex-Rep. A. J. May, who is doing 8 to 24 months for taking bribes, goes right on drawing his life-time pension of $290 a month. And Rep. J. Parnell Thomas, who had no de fense when tried for conspiring to defraud the Government, can start drawing about $300 a month for life when he is 62. When passing the law under which they draw their pen sions, Congress declared its purpose was to reward long and faithful legislative service. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO "Inviting the Undertaker" ^^PErma* News and Views .... .... By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT, (An ILNS Feature) The United States, writes Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, “is fighting a real battle for democracy in Germany against tremendous odds. The best argument we have to offer is example. We can only hope that our own behavior here afid that of our representatives in Germany will be convincing proof that the democratic way of life is desirable.” The good lady’s hope is shared by most Americans. Unfortunate ly, solution of the German dilemma requires more than wholesome sentiments. This writer, after having listened to American occupation officials discuss the pros and cons of the problem, is more than ever convinced that the very policies and methods of the Western allies in governing the German people run counter to Mrs. Roosevelt’s pre scription. 4* 4* This does not mean that the Western attempt to cleanse Ger many’s tainted life blood and plant democratic roots amidst the ruins left by Hitler is not appreciated by thinking Germans. But there is -great difference between a democratic way of life freely chosen from within and that imposed from the outside by foreign viceroys whom the people regard with suspicion and fear. Nor is it helpful to call the national feelings of the Germans a threat to the world or to make their officials a laughing stock before those whom they are supposed to govern. As to-the alleged trend toward neofascism, that, too, is exagger ated. Convincing proof to the contrary lies in the recently reported rejection, by a large majority of western Germans, of militarism and compulsory army service. But if, in the opinion of informed sources on the spot, matters have become so bad that overt allied measures would merely pour oil on the flames of renascent nazism, then responsibility for this state of affairs rests not with the servant but elsewhere. Were it not for the four-zone breakup, occupation spoils and highhanded military rule, it is doubtful whether nationalism of the virulent Nazi type could have been revived. The Germans, left to their own experiences and devices, would have done far better in denazify ing, democratizing and what is rather childishly called, reeducating themselves. Certainly, they could have done worse. Granted the many ifs and buts to the German problem, yet it is apfe to assume that the Germans, freed from the Nazi yoke, would have evolved a political and economic democracy in accord with their inclinations and traditions. After all, it is a historical fact that the W •imar Republic created after the first world war was one of the finest democratic and progressive institutions the world has seen. J.f Without the crisis of the early Bilrifek fcnd the antagonistic atti tude of western Europe toward the Germah republic and its labor democratic forces—an attitude now apparently to be repeated—it is questionable whether even the econotnic and social upheaval of 20 years ago would have proven strength enough to lift Hitler to power. Once Nazism was in the saddle, nothing but force and fire were cap able of destroying the deadly virus in the German body. ■"0 «J» Most of the Germans’ restiveness and their tension transmitted to the rest of the world stems from the split of the country into East and West. Moscow politics and Communist intrigues are primarily respon sible for the split personality complex from which present-day Ger many suffers. But to assume that none but the Russians are to blame and that the Western powers only acquiesced with bleeding hearts to an East-West division is to falsify the record and to create a political myth. Equally mythical and unwarranted is the claim, advanced by spokesmen of the occupation powers^that the Western Germans favor national partition, temporary or permanent. Nothing can be farther from the truth. Where, then is Germany going? To Pastor Martin Niemoeller, courageous foe of the Nazi and a concentration camp inmate for 11 years, goes credit for stripping the issue to bare essentials. The Pro testant spokesman, in answer to a reporter’s questions, said that “given the alternative of a continued split or the prospect of reuniting the country under a foreign dictatorship—even that of Russia—the Germans would prefer to take the risk of Communism. They would feel that they would have more chance of surviving as a nation.” Voicing the belief that the Soviet zone Germans, “if given a free choice, would rush to join the western world,” Pastor Niemoeller also recommended that “the United Nations take over Germany, thus re storing its unity and ending the feud between Russia and the west.” The latter solution is unrealistic in the extreme, but Pastor Nie moeller is neither a politician nor particularly concerned with the sen sibilites of Washington, Moscow, London, Paris and Bonn. In any event, farsighted men everywhere cannot but applaud the pastor’s comparison of present Germany to that of a family that has been split up. “Members of the family,” he said, “prefer to remain in bondage rather than leave one part to its fate while the other enjoys freedom. I believe this is the correct moral and ethical attitude.” Here is a side of the German problem with which very few Ameri cans are familiar. On a satisfactory answer to the question posed by the German churchmen hinges the future of Germany and Europe, and perhaps of the entire world. RESOLVED! By RUTH TAYLOR It is constructive—for its very negation calls for action. We de spise cruelty we can avoid it by being kind. We despise treachery we can avoid it by being true to our ideals. We despise lying we can avoid it by speaking the truth. We despise sabotage of elected auth ority or community programs we can avoid it by cooperating with our fellow-men for the good of all. We despise discrimination we can avoid it by treating our neighbor as an individual, never generalizing in •derogatory terms about any group. We despise unfairness we can avoid it by being fair. What the next year may mean depends upon each and every one of us. Let us resolve, therefore, to set our own house in order, to be the person we want to and can be—and never to do anything which we should dernise or think meanly of in another. What Jonathan Ed wards wrote “i n years ago was true long, long before he wrote it. It is still true. And it will oe true for all time. Two hundred years ago, Jonathan Edwards, eloquent preacher of early Colonial days, carefully penned his resolves—the creed by which he planned to live. Strict they were, for he was firm with himself, but ,, ,. among them one stands out which every American needs to take to They shut their eyes to the fact that as mergers continue, and heart on this New Year’s Day 1950. more and more small businesses are swallowed up, the drive for sec “Resolved: never to do anything which I should despise or think ,urity becomes ever stronger and as the individual battles for, and meanly of in another.” sometimes gets, security in his job, security against accident and ill- This is a resolve which can and must be kept, and which, in spite ness, security in his old age, smaller employers tend to merge with of its negative phrasing, is constructive. .1------ 1----------- It can be kept, because this land of ours is free. We are free souls. Overseas the accounts from behind the Iron Curtain show how the hapless and terrified people of Communist dominated nations have been forced into acts utterly foreign to their own religious and na tional ideals. Their souls as well as their bodies have been regimented. They hate and worship at the nod of a power-drunk State or petty dictator. Here we are free to think. No one can make us do anything we do not want to do. No one edn make us lie, or cheat, or steal, or be cruel, or intolerant, or bear false witness against our neighbor. We are free to make our own decisions and we are free to do right. We can make a resolve—and we can keep it. CiHilcaik' by LES FINNEGAN WASHINGTON LABOR REPORT— Thursday, December 29, 1949 In Sidney, Australia, 24 unionists went on strike because for the past 13 years they’ve been doing one job over and over again—painting a long suspension bridge that takes three years to finish before they start the job anew. —In Haverhill, Mass., Mayor Joseph L. Willett announced that he would keep on driving a bus because the union scale was much better than he could get as mayor. —In New Delhi, India’s fakirs-^-the lads who sit on spikes and caress cobras—decided to unionize in protest against the government’s new requirement that they register. —In Havana, Cuba, employers and workers went on strike to gether for the first time in Cuba’s history. Horse owners and their em ployees pulled a sit-down strike in the Jockey Club and in the stands of Oriental Park Race Track against plans to reduce prize money. —In New York City, the AFL Retail Clerks Union won a new con tract with Wanamaker’s department store which guarantees every worker the services of a chiropodist. —-In Denver, Col., leaders of the American Newspaper Guild— Were up in arms after the Denver Post management docked union ne gotiators for the time they had to spend reaching a peaceful contract settlement with the company. —In Washington D. C., Republican Congressman Robert F. Rich proposed mental tests for all government employees, starting at the top with Senators and down to janitors and scrubwomen in govern ment buildings. —In Cardiff, Wales, a railroadmen’s union threatened drastic ac tion against the company’s decision to lay off 25 track guards and re place them with 25 sheepdogs trained to chase away sheep who break thru fences and onto the right of way. —In Atlanta, Ga., the AFL Structural and Omamanetal Iron Workers Union had its way when five of its members began tearing down a 65-fopt elevator tower and re-erecting it, after complaints were made that the original job was done with non-union labor. —In New York City, the AFL Bartenders Union made a major contribution to the city’s water conservation program by placing pla cards over the bars reading, “Bourbon free: water chaser 85c”. —In Tokyo, General MacArthur had a new labor problem when ingenious union printers and book production workers bound thous ands of union leaflets between the pages of university textbooks. —In Greenwich, England, the Amalgamated Society of Wood workers ordered its members, all union carpenters, not to use bicycles and motorcycles to get to their jobs. The action was based on a rule passed 30 years ago when there wasn’t enough work to go around and the man with the bike had an unfair advantage. —In Pittsburgh, a news commentator on an NBC network show announced, “John L. Lewis just shot Santa Claus. That’s what, one miner told me today in commenting on the coming coal strike. It took less than an hour for NBC switchboards thruout the country to become jammed with phone calls from desperately worried children. —In Washington, Sen. Robert A. Taft’s office staff went frantic when it was discovered that some of his anti-union campaign literature had come from the printer without a union label. —In Hamilton, N. Y., Professor S. A. Levitan, of Champlain Col lege, told a regional conference of the American Association of Uni versity Professors that professors are dopes if they don’t organize their own unions. —In Chicago, an arbitrator ruled that Bethlehem Steel was off base in trying to gyp a worker out of an hour’s pay because of the change to daylight saving time. —In Cambridge, Mass., the Harvard School of Public Health was informed that in a large west coast smelter “the striking workmen arranged in advance witn management for the men to leave the picket line to enter the plant for their routine medical examinations.” —In Santiago, Chile, a union representing a group of women watch assemblers forced the employer to apologize for calling the ladies “clock watchers.” —In Oslo, Norway, a group of union fishermen wrote a sizzling letter to Buenos Aires criticizing a union there for supporting Dic tator Peron. Four weeks later the Norwegians got their reply—a fet vent. appeal for help to aid the Argentinans to emigrate to Norway. —In Washington, President Truman got a dozen pairs of stock ings from workers at the Long Beach, Cal., Navy Yard. To each pair was attached a letter asking Truman to revoke his order closing the. Yard because “If you don’t, our Christmas stockings will be as empty as these.” —In Corinth, Greece, 150 canal workers submitted a new set of/^ contract demands including one that the government stock the canalv with fish and give the union exclusive fishing rights. —In Mexico City, union bakery workers proposed an experiment for 1950 in which they would get paid by the foot for making “long loaves” of bread. GOP 'Thinkers' Abandon 'Me Too' For 1890 Model By BRADFORD V. CARTER The love affair between the Dixiecrats and the Republicans, going for some time now, has reached the point where people are saying v LL. The trouble is, it wouldn’t work. Such a marriage would ruin the Republican party in the North, and it would not get further in the South than the Dixiecrats have. on “Why doesn’t he marry the girl?” Such a marriage would ruin the Republican party in the No would not get further in the South than the Dixiecrats have. But the Republicans have now lost five presidential elections in a row, including the shellacking they took last November. Something must be done. Raymond Moley, of Newsweek, and Arthur Krock, of the New York Times, among others, think they have an answer. Let’s not have a merger of the Dixiecrats and the Republicans, they propose, but let’s have a group outside the party that will serve the forces on the right as Americans for Democratic Action serves those left of center. Dr. Moley says such a gfoup “would have to ex ercise great care in excluding from its leadership crackpots and ex tremists of the right.” Krock says the national chairman of such a group, which might be called the “known and respected throughout the country.’* Such a group, which might be called the “Looking Back ward Americans”, would support conservatives of both parties. In fact, some of the theorists have even got a ticket in mind for 1952— Eisenhower and Byrnes. Almost everyone, except the General himself, says Eisenhower talks like a candidate—a Republican candidate. James F. Byrnes, once high in the councils of the New Deal, qualifies because he is now on record against “statism”, as Eisenhower is against the “welfare state”. (The ADA said the other day these men are for the “jungle state”.) What’s the matter with a setup like that? Only one thing: The.wJI have nothing to offer. They are talking in terms of 1890 instead of 1950. They talk as if the choice open .to Americans is between security and opportunity. They talk as though opportunities today are as plent iful as in the 1890’s, although it is exactly because there are fewer and fewer opportunities that men are forced to insist on security. They talk as it the figures on concentration, on bigness, on the fantastic growth of monopoly, were imagination instead of harsh faot. They shut their eyes to the fact that as mergers continue, and .. more and more small businesses are swallowed up, the drive for sec ............................................. 1 sometimes gets, security in his job, security against accident and ill __ ................„ 5 larger units, and the movement towards bigness accelerates.1 In other words, the tories want the kind of world in which secur ity is a necessity—but they don’t want to grant the security their very world makes necessary. What de the tories offer? They want to have the states provide security. The states have proved neither willing nor able to do so. They raise the specter that the “welfare state” is “socialism”, and “socialism” is but a step toward “communism”. That one is easj^k Russia was no socialist state under the Czars. China was no socialist haven under Chiang Kai-shek. Yugoslavia was not socialist under its King. But Sweden, Denmark, New Zealand have had Socialist gov ernments. And the communist parties in those countries are mere shadows. Nor did the Communists support the Weimar Republic, or the Socialist government of Leon Blum in France. Nor are the Com munists supporting the Labor government of Britain. The GOP strategy committee met recently and decided against a “Me Too” program for the 1950 elections. They are going to give the people “a clear choice”. They’re getting a lot of letters from rank and file Republicans applauding that decision. But the rank-and-filers also have other notions. Some suggest a new party, to be called tbe Conservative Party, or Constitutional, All-American, American Party. Some say the GOP elephant should be replaced by an eagle, or a four leaf clover. Others say what the GOP needs most is a new and glam orous figure. Eisenhower and Stassen art mentioned. So, the GOP is going abandon “Me Too”. Well, they tried it in New York, in the Lehman-Dulles senatorial contest. The record shows that Mr. Dulles placed second.