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tl a O V si cl a A c« e o JLr c: o e e: dj U tl u n S’ li n O’: K B*: & 1 4 Poller? Herold —j. OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF OPERATIVE POTTER8 ------------and------------ K ......EAST LIVERPOOL TRADES & LABOR COUNCIL Published every Thursday at East Liverpool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P-, owning and operating the Best Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State EnteiWd at Post Office. East Liverpool, Ohio, April 20, 1902, as second-class matter. Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided for in Section 1109, Act of October 13, 1917, authorised August 20, 1918, GENERAL OFFICE,, N. R. of O. P. BUILDING, W. SIXTH ST., BELL PHONE 575 HARRY L. GILL. Editor and Business Manager One Year to Any Part of the United States or Canada................................................ 82.00 President. James M. Duffy. P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio Flrat Vice President....E. L. Wheatley, Room 218, Broad Street, National Bank Build ing. Trenton 8, New Jersey Second Vice President...- Frank Hull, Sill Pacific Blvd., Huntington Park, CaHf. Third Vice President James Slaven, Cannons Mills, East Liverpool, Ohio Fourth Vice President—Charles Zimmer, 1046 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8. New Jersey Fifth Vice President. Arthur Devlin. 205 Ashmore Ave., Trenton, N. J. Sixth Vice President, Frank Dales, 915 Alton St.. East Liverpool, Ohio Seventh Viee President T. J. Desmond, 625 E. Uncom Way, Minerva Ohio Eighth Vice President Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell. W. Va. S^crctAry-TrcMsurcr,............ F. Jordan, P, O. Box 752, E&st LivcrjKJOl, Ohio GENERAL WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers. M. J. LYNCH. W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL OperwSvS-—-. CHAS. F. JORDAN, FREDERICK GLYNN, ERNEST TORRENCE CHINA WARE STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers .............E. K. KOOS, *H. M. WALKER, W. A. BETZ BERT CLARK, DAVID BEVAN. CHAS. JORDAN DECORATING STANDING COMMITTEE Manufacturers. ROBERT DIETZ. Sr., W. A. BETZ, RAY BROOKES o“raUv^— JAMES SLAVEN. OSCAR SWAN, ROSE STEWART Phony "Freedom Forum" I A new version of an old, old trick has been quietly intro duced by several reactionary managements throughout the country. Under the guise of conducting “Freedom Forums,” these companies are seeking to pump their employees full of the old familiar flag-waving, “Free Enterprise Forever propaganda. The latest approach is a super-colossal job, and at one big company in Milwaukee, no less than forty-five lecturers are on the company’s payroll. These highly trained prop aganda artists have a perfect set-up. They are assured of 100 percent attendance inasmuch as the company schedules the “Freedom Forum” lectures during regular working hours and requires all employees to be present. This in itself is a tip-off as to the real intent of the pro grain. If a company is willing to take time off from produc tion just to have its employes “talked to,” it doesn’t take much to realize there’s a strong selfish motive behind the scenes. Most' unions are not swallowing this hypocrisy, and in several plants where the lectures have been instituted, locals are filing grievances, based on the fact that attendance is compulsory even then, workers have little or no chance of asking questions or disputing statements. The chief danger of these lectures is the subtle anti labor poison spread by the company under the pretense of praising “Americanism” and the “Free Enterprise System.” In the present approach, attacks have been particularly dir ected against the Administration’s fair deal program and an attempt has been made to identify the Democratic Party with Socialist and Communist philosophies. Among specific items criticized by the lecturers are public housing, social security, and socialized medicine. ”BOne of the brains behind the lectures series is a Doctor George S. Benson, who is president of Harding College at Searcy, Arkansas. Benson has long been known as a leading reactionary and violently anti-labor. He even writes a week ly propaganda column, whose chief value thus far has been to alleviate the waste paper shortage. The whole program of the Freedom Forum is strikingly similar to that of the notorious Committee for Constitutional Government, whose attacks on labor have been exposed again and again in this paper. This committee, it will lie remembered, is the one which put out a pamphlet declaring that collective bargaining must go and that the principle of it is foreign to the American way. This is also the committee whose “brains” was convict ed in World War I of being a German agent. This latest effort on the part of big business to strike at labor through these Freedom Forum lectures is another in dication of industry’s all-out battle to maintain its strangle hold on the American economy. 'Bears Grew Horns, Became Bulls' Now is the time when folks make New Year’s resolu tions. It gives them a temporary glow of virtue. Just to help in this harmless game, here’s a little suggestion—take a vow to stay out of the stock market. A lot of self-styled “experts” are after the “small in vestor” nowadays. Before you listen to them, consider what J. A. Livingston has to say. He’s a well-known financial writer, and it’s his business to know what makes Wall Street “tick.” Last June 13, when stock prices hit their “postwar low,” Livingston recalls, “half of the leading Wall Street forecast ers expected the market to continue down.” These supposed “insiders” were extremely “bearish.” The very next day, June 14, the market “turned around” and started upward. Suddenly, “the liears grew horns and became bulls.” In one day they switched from pessimism to optimism. Instead of going down as predicted, stock prices have been going up ever since. Now, when they have reached their postwar peak, only 13 of each 100 “expert” forecasters are “bearish.” The great majority are “bullish.” In short, Livingston says, the “experts” follow the |. “trend,” instead of predicting it. Their market letters often ’“blow hot one day and cold the next.” I In plain language, the “experts” of Wall Street are al jnost as big “suckers” as the people who take their advice on what stocks to buy and when to buy them. Union Helps Keep Balance In wishing “all good 1 Kisses” a prosperous New Year, the Machinist, weekly of the 600,000-strong International Association of Machinists, expresses an attitude that is shared by the overwhelming majority of America’s workipg men and women. “We believe,” the paper editorializes, “that every time we succeed in winning management recognition of our pro blems and our wage rates go up a few cents, that we Ixtomc customers for the products of both industry and the farm b’ era. We do not believe that there is any basic conflict be tween efforts to win a letter standard of living and manage ment’s efforts to turn a fair profit on its business.” “On the contrary, we believe that the power of the union helps to keep the balance between our own purchasing power and the juices businessmen put on their products—a balance that is necessary if we are going to keep our country prosperous.” Labors Monopoly The sloganeers of organized industry are at it again and this time their pet phrase is “Organized labor is a monopoly.” It’s a neat phrase—one that slips off the tongue easily at Rotary and Kiwanis Club meetings. It looks good in print, too, to those who don’t want to play fair with the unions. The fact that it’s phony doesn’t seem to bother those who use it. But it irks those who know and believe in the labor movement. Among the irked is the Cleveland Union Leader, which goes a bit further than merely saying “phooey!” “Labor too long has had a monopoly over many things, but surely never a monopoly on members’ jobs,” says the Union Leader. “Labor still has a monopoly on all of the ramshackle houses in the slums of our great cities Labor has a monopoly on the wards of too many unkept charity hospi tals.” Labor, the Union Leader declares, has a monopoly or near-monopoly on inadequate medical treatment, on fear of unemployment, and on “a million ‘tin lizzies’ that will be paid for in three years if not attached because a few installments cannot be met.” Organized labor, the paper concludes, “is not now, never has been nor ever will be monopolistic.” All of which leads us to conclude: Labor would be most happy for somebody to break the monopolies it has on the bad things our society produces. And it would be equally happy if somebody would crack down on the business monopolies which stifle competition. Prediction Hasn't Panned Out Applications for federal assistance under the slum clear ance provisions of the Housing Act of 1949 will be ready by the end of the year. More than 160 cities have already indi cated their intention of coming into the slum clearance pro gram. Real estate lobbyists who predicted that passage of public housing and slum clearance legislation would discour age private homebuilding are finding it exceedingly diffi cult to explain why the housing program has had the oppo site effect. Since the passage of the housing act, which organized labor long urged, private homebuilding has surprised its own prophets by maintaining unprecedented levels well into the Fall, and is now virtually certain of reaching the highest yearly record in our history of nearly a million nonfarm housing units. What the real estate lobbyists and propagandists ignor ed was the fact that the housing program includes the most extensive range of aids to private enterprise that the nation has ever had, and that these aids are used to encourage and help private builders to produce lower-priced housing and more rental apartments, all of which are urgently needed. Medical Charity Not Wanted President James L. McDevitt of the Pennsylvania State Federation of Labor recently asked some pertinent questions about health insurance: “Ask yourself, what would you do if tomorrow your wife or husband had to go under a specialist’s care in hospi tal for 6 months? “Your bill would probably be between $3,000 and $4,000. Where would you get it? Mortgage your house? Borrow from friends? Or go on charity? “Ask yourself, wouldn’t it be better for all of us to pay a little each month of our working lives so that a sudden family medical tragedy didn’t have to be family bankruptcy as well “The average American wants to pay his bills ... he doesn’t want free ‘socialized medicine.’ He doesn’t want charity.” Commenting on McDevitt’s conclusion, the League Re porter of the A FL League for Political Education said: “That’s right. Americans need—and want—national health insurance.” Legal The working people of this country, many of whom rent their homes, can now breathe a little easier as a result of last week’s ruling by the U. S. Supreme Court that the Federal rent control law is legal. The high court recognized that the housing emergency caused by the war is still acute, and it made short work of upsetting a ruling by a Chicago judge that the rent control law was unconstitutional. It is significant that on almost the same day that the Supreme Court announced its decision, there was offered from another quarter striking evidence as to just how nec essary rent controls are. In Harrodsburg, Ky., rent controls were lifted last Sep tember, and rents began skyrocketing, going up as much as 300 per cent in many instances. Of course it was the work ing people who were hardest hit. The situation was so bad that even the landlords ap pealed for reinstatement of controls. This was finally done last week. Ceilings went on again and rents rolled back. Write Your Congressman A number of measures stand small chance of enactment in the Congressional session which begins this week unless they are pushed—and pushed hard—by working men and women and their friends. These include repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act Columbia Valley and Missouri Valley projects the Brannan farm plan aid to farm cooperatives equal rights for women and national health insurance. Write your Congressman, if only on a penny postcard. Tell him you believe these measures should pass. Make him see that workers, farmers and women need his help, and need it badly. Make him see that their welfare would be improved by his voting for the above proposals. If enough persons tell Senators and Representatives that these bills should go through, they will. One letter from back home will have more effect on a Congressman than 20 propaganda pamphlets from the NAM or the Chamber of Commerce. Denham Loses Again General Counsel Robert Denham of the National Labor Relations Board has lo^t another battle in his war against unions. Recently, Denham ruled a local of the National Farm Labor Union, A FL, although barred from bringing unfair lalwr charges against farmers or obtaining NLRB represent ation elections under the Taft-Hartley Act, could be prose cuted for unfair labor practices under the Act. 'Phe Board overruled Denham without a dissent. Not only every man on the NLRB, but everybody in the country, can see that Denham’s unreasonable rulings con stitute a series of one-man skirmishes against trade unions. Just why Denham behaves like Denham we don’t pre sume to know. But we do wonder just who he has in mind when he goes about making his weird decisions. I News and Views T'-*- THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO a Thursday, January 5, 1950 The Best Cards—Union Cards!" .... By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT, (An ILNS Feature) Humanity, standing on the threshold of the second half of the twentieth century, is bravely trying to evaluate the accomplishments and lessons of the past five decades. The debate ranges far and wide, but so far none of the participants has come closer to the truth than Bernard M. Baruch, counsel to the American, people for 30 years and an outstanding public figure in his own right. In a list setting forth what he considers the outstanding events and problems of this era, Mr. Baruch emphasized “man’s loss of con fidence in himself, his growing reliance on the state, and increasing in ability to adapt ourselves to complex economic laws or them to us.” No wiser words have been spoken. Bernard Baruch’s observation deserves recognition by those who like the Writer regard the spectacular advance of organized labor as one of the most significant milestones in recent history. As we dwell on the achievements of the past as well as the promises of the future, none of us can honestly deny that the process sketched by Mr. Baruch is making deep inroads into the fiber of America. 4 It is for these reasons and for the purpose of gaining a better understanding of the forces shaping the distant tomorrow that this column has made up a box-score of its own. These then, are the facts: (a) Nearly 26 million Americans, or 1 out of every 6 draw regular pay from federal, state and local governments. (b) Federal, state and local employes now number 7.6 million —1 out of every 8 in the entire working population of the United States. Federal employment has increased fourfold in the last decade. (c) Government participation in business enterprises amounts to $164 billion, according to the Hoover report. This exceeds the volume of all goods and services sold annually at retail in the U.S. (d) Tremendous agricultural surpluses valued at billions of dollars have been accumulated by the government, among them 4 million bales of cotton, 59 million pounds of dried eggs, 16 million pounds of cheese, 245 million pounds of dried skim milk, half of all the butter stored in the U. S., and enough wheat to fill dozens of laid-up ships that serve as floating elevators. Nearly 3 million farmers receive subsidies from the govern ment which in turn regulates production and sets marketing quo tas. Subsidies for potatoes alone amounted to $60 million this year to $369 million for the 3 previous years. (e) Of $25 billion required in 1948 for industrial expansion and improvements almost two-thirds came from retained corpora tion earnings and one-third from institutional loans. Private in vestment in common stock was less than $1 billion, a mere pitt ance. (Unions have so far shown little interest in investing part of their large financial resources in industry from which the mem bership draws a livelihood.) (i) Taxation, like birth and death, is something with which every reader is reasonably familiar. Present taxes, direct and indirect, take about one-fourth of the worker’s income. In other words, the earnings of 1 out of every 4 working days flow into the government till. Workers concerned with the welfare of the country and their children may well ask themselves where all this is leading to. Our national debt, amounting to a few billion dollars in 1930, stands now close to the $260 billion mark. Franklin D. Roosevelt said back in 1932: ,“Any government, like any family, can for a year spend a little more than it earns. But you and I know what continuance of that hahit means—the poorhouse.” Well, the poorhouse seems like a long distance ahead but we sure are living in a fool’s paradise. WASHINGTON LABOR REPORT— US Chamber Plans Nation-wide Drive To 'Explain' Business By BRADFORD V. CARTER By next October more than 500 cities will be touched by a “grass roots campaign to explain the American economic system by encour aging employers to tell their business story to employees and com munities.” Who is going to do the explaining? Why the U. S. Cham ber of Commerce (education division). More than 500 chambers of commerce have already ordered “American Opportunity Work Kits,” which contain eight “How To” pamphlets for employers. A field force is expected to hold more than ^00 meetings with local chambers of commerce through Sept. 30, 1950. Of course, the explanation will be the US Chamber of Commerce version, which is the version of the Republicans, and the National Assn, of Manufacturers, and Eisenhower, and Byrnes, and the Dixie crats, and Business Week, and the A & ads, and the National Tax Equality Assn. There will be warnings against “statism,” and “so cialism, and “regimentation.” Well, you’ve heard all that before, and you’re on guard. But are you They’ve been working on you for years now, without your know ledge—the canned editorial, for example. There’s an outfit in New York that turns them out regularly, and mails them free to small town papers, country weeklies, and even community weeklies in the .bigger towns. It’s so easy to pick up such an editorial, instead of having to write one. So the overworked editor uses the editorial. And that’s how you’ll see editorials that are anti-labor, that argue against federal aid to education, that attack expanded social security, that holler for “free enterprise,” that insinuate organized labor is some how “un-American.” The same outfit also sends out cartoons—also free, and also—anti-labor. This New York outfit is only one of the many that flood the newspapers and schools with their special propaganda. One of the biggest, for example, is the notorious anti-labor Committee for Con stitutional Government, headed for many years by Frank Gannett, opulent chain newspaper publisher. This Committee has dozens of fronts, and one of the slimiest is “Fighters For Freedom.” The FFF is way ahead of the US Chamber of Commerce in the matter of “grass roots campaigns.” It’s been at it for a long time now, getting money out of merchants and businessmen on the theory that they are helping “save the country from Socialism.” FFF really dot's a job, sending in crews of trained solicitors in a town, lining up' support, whipping up enthusiasm with newspaper advertising, rallies, etc. They recently invaded Janesville, Wis., and a Madison labor paper told how they operated. First they set up a county committee. Chairman was Pierpont J. Wood, a corporation lawyer, a former bigshot Republican, director in a dozen corporations, and rated a millionaire. Then the FFF ran full page ads in the county paper, asking memberships at from $2 for a "grassroots fighter” to $25 for a “sustaining fighter.” The ads, carry ing Wood’s name, proclaimed a “nation-wide, grass roots movement to save yourself and your country from the creeping, stealthy advance of Socialism.” The ads quoted Jefferson and Lincoln. (The Lincoln quote was not this one: “Whenever there is a conflict between human rights and property rights, human rights must prevail.” And how was the country to be saved? Why, by opposing all of President Truman’s Fair Deal program, by drastic new anti-labor laws, artd—by a constitutional amendment to “limit the peace-time CaxiU-aAe —At North Pole, N. Y. (there is such a place!) Santa Claus came in the guise, of an employer, J. J. Reiss, who helped to found Santa s Workshop in the town of North Pole, handed out $42,000 in Christmas bonuses to 26 employees, $1634 apiece! —In Denver, Col., the AFL Butchers Union celebrated Christmas with loud guffaws. Last summer the Union entered a burro named “Fairplay” in a mountain burro race from Leadville to Fairplay, Col. The judges, however, ruled “Fairplay” out of the contest on the grounds that she was a mule—a hybrid that can’t reproduce its kind. But the day before Christmas, “Fairplay” gave birth to a jackass and the union butchers are now “demanding satisfaction” for being denied a chance at the $500 prize. —In New York, just in time fo^the New Year’s hangover, the state Workmen’s Compensation Boar "decided that alcoholism will be covered by the state’s new disability law which goes into effect on New Year’s eve. —In Cincinnati, the Brewery Workers’ paper, in its pre-Chr’«hn«s issue, expressed bafflement over the unaccountable fact that near-beer has suddenly become popular again and even the company which is doing a rush business can’t figure it out because they haven’t adver tised or solicited business. —In New York, three National Maritime Union members decided to pick up a few extra bucks for Christmas for the week they were off their ship. They took jobs as street-corner Santa Clauses and then went on strike-at noon on their third day’s work. They complained to the department store that hired them that the cotton beards they were given were so obviously fake hat every .seaman thev knew re cognized them and hung around badgering them on what they wanted for Christmas. Kids by the dozen were disillusioned in Santa Claus because of the ribaldy, they complained, but the department store re fused to buy them more concealing beards. The sentimental union men walked but rather than risk destroying the faith of more kiddies. —In London, England, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was shocked to dis cover that jurisdictional disputes aren’t confined to Hollywood. Forty seven of England’s most beautiful chorus girls picketed M-G-M’s big Empire Theatre as a result of a dispute between the Variety Artiste’s Federation and Equity. Both unions discovered that never before in English history were there so many volunteer pickets. —In Tokyo, General MacArthur’s labor experts were puzzling over what to do about 200 Japanese sailors who went on a new kind of sitdown strike. On a whaling expedition they wounded a whale and then refused to move in for the kill when the captain rejected their demands for a $38 year-end bonus. Negotiations were politely broken off and everyone sat quietly on the deck and watched the thrashing whale escape. —In San Francisco, a jury sitting in judgment on Harry Bridges, Longshoremen’s Union president accused of falsely denying Commun ist Party membership, pondered the question of whether Bridges should be deported because he was kissed in public by Gypsy Rose Lee, strip-teaser and burlesque queen. —In Stanton, Texas, four ranch hands told reporters they were going to organize a national union of cow-pokes. They decided they had a grievance when they discovered their cattle dying after drink ing from a waterhole in a remote corner of the ranch. They investi gated, found an oil seepage, and reported back to the boss. Five weeks later derricks were erected and a gusher brought in, but the employer refused to cut the four ranch hands in for a penny. BEHIND THE HEADLINES— Program For Raising Low Incomes Put Up To Congress By NATHAN ROBERTSON Washington (LPA)—Two weeks of hearings have given Congress a program based on a remarkable unanimity of opinion from experts on what needs to be done to raise the incomes of 10 million American families now forced to live on less than $2000 a year. Rarely has Congress facer! a tougher or bigger problem. Yet rarely has there been so much agreement on how to handle a major national problem. More than 30 experts, from within and outside the government, including economists, social workers spokesmen for farm and labor groups, educators, and religious leaders appeared before the Joint Congressional Economic Subcommittee headed by Senator John Sparkman (D, Ala.) to offer suggestions. Most of them agreed on what needs to be done. The subcommittee is now preparing a report for the full commit tee. If it follows the suggestions of the experts, the Committee will recommend enactment of the whole Fair Deal program submitted by President Truman, plus other measures going beyond what the Pres ident has ask*d. Virtually everything that labor and liberal groups have been fighting for would be approved by Congress. Heading the recommendations from almost every witness was the maintenance of lasting full employment. It was generally agreed that without that as a starting point little could be done to improve the lot of the millions of families and individuals now existing in pov erty or near poverty. But there was almost as complete agreement on a whole program of positive legislative proposals. Hero is a summary: Social Security—Almost every witness backed pending proposals to modernize and liberalize the social security laws so they would cover more of the population and provide more adequate benefits for the aged and handicapped. Some witnesses went far beyond pending proposals, urging nationalization of the unemployment insurance law and insurance for temporarily disabled workers, neither of w’hich is provided in the bill which passed the House last session. Minimum Wage—Many proposed a higher minimum wage than the 75 cents fixed by Congress last session, and all who discussed the subject urged expansion of the coverage through both federal and state legislation. Health—Almost every witness stressed the necessity for federal actibn in the field of health, the American Medical Association to the contrary. Many specifically urged enactment of the proposed health insurance bill. Others talked in more general terms of the need for federal action, stressing the part bad health plays in cutting down family incomes. Education—Almost every witness stressed the importance of bet ter educational facilities for American youth and recommended fed eral action to provide them. The federal aid-to-education bill now pending in the House was repeatedly recommended, along with a whole series of other proposals including scholarships, better vocational training, and expanded appropriations for school construction and teachers’ salaries. Regional Development—Witnesses stressed the problem areas where most of the inhabitants are in the low income category Jaecause of regional or area problems. The experience of TVA was frequently cited as the pattern for solving such regional problems. Rehabilitation of the Disabled—Expansion of current rehabilita tion programs was generally recommended. Most of the witnesses stressed that it is cheaper to rehabilitate the disabled than to tupport them as invalids. Low-Income Farmers—Witnesses generally agreed on expansion of help to low-income farmers through the Farm Home Corporation program, extension of social security and the wage-hour law to farm ers, and a broad program to help migrant farm workers. Fair Employment Practices—Many of the witnesses stressed the special handicaps faced by minority groups in getting jobs and recom mended enactment of the FEPC legislation. This, however, faced strong opposition from Chairman Sparkman. There was little discussion of the cost of these programs but most witnesses stressed the idea that in the long run it would be cheaper to enact these measures than to do without them. The cost of poverty to communities and the nation was heavily emphasized. Many of the proposals were offered as good investments, or as more economical ways of handling the problem than the way we handle it now. The program outlined by the witnesses in these hearings will be enacted sooner or later. The sooner the better for the country—the rich as well as the poor. taxing power of the Federal government.” So, the “fight for freedom” turns out to be a fight to limit income taxes to 25 per cent, and wipe out inheritance taxes, so as to relieve the rich and put added burdens on the poor. No wonder the million aire Wood is all for “Fighters For Freedom.” The pitch was the same in Texas, where the front man for FFF turned out to be Lamar Fleming, Jr., of Houston, an official of Ander son-Clayton, the world’s biggest cotton operators. In Knoxville, Tenn., the bigshot was Irving G. McCann, chief counsel of the House Labor Committee when Rep. Fred Hartley was chairman, in the 80th Con gress. McCann is the sweet lad who browbeat union witnesses at hear ings. He was eased out of his job in 1949. Now look at the company he’s keeping. There’s one bright spot, however. People don’t seem to believe much anymore of what they read in the daily papers. And the youngs ters are even worse. A re nt survey conducted by the Purdue Opin ion Panel disclosed that three out of five youngsters do not consider the newspapers reliable sources of information. 5 I-* ir- .V'vt 4 4 1 U*:'.