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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, January 05, 1950, Image 5

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Thursday, December 2ft, 1049
Labor in 1949 set the stage for
dramatic strides forward in 1950.
While the gains from the 1948 elec
tion successes were numbered,
unions laid solid groundwork for
greater achievements in the year
to come.
Political action machines were
set up on a major scale. Wage
gains were not spectacular but
unions, especially in the CIO sign
ed, after long bitter strikes, his
toric contracts containing pension
plans which were destined to re
vamp the nation’s outmoded social
security laws.
On the international front, labor
organizations from 40 nations
founded the' International Confed
eration of Free Trade Unions, to
replace the ill-fated Soviet-domin
ated World Federation of Trade
AFL and CIO leaders worked
closely together in forming the
new group—a move that led lead
ers of both organizations to pre
dict unity of American labor in
the near future. Other develop
ments that foreshadowed such
unity included close cooperation on
the political front and spectacular
moves to oust all Communist-dom
inated unions from its ranks.
January: As the new Congress
convened labor’s-foremost goal was
repeal of the Taft-Hartley law and
re-enactment of the Wagner Act,
labor’s Magna Charta.
President Truman’s message to
Congress was hailed by William
Green and Philip Murray, and at
tacked by Republicans and Dixie
crats as “socialistic.” Center of
much of the controversy was a
warning to the steel and electric
power industries that they had bet
ter expand or face government in
tervention. Other points in the
program: repeal of Taft-Hartley
and reinstatement of Wagner Act,
increase of the minimum wage to
75c an hour and higher on an in
dustry basis, stronger controls over
installment buying and bank cred
its, stronger rent controls, higher
social security benefits, national
health insurance, federal aid to the
states for education, a civil rights
program, stronger anti-trust laws,
housing legislation, a long-range
farm program, development of na
tural resources, and a stronger
Labor Department. In a new ap
proach to budgeting Truman add
ed up what the fair deal would cost
and asked for taxes to fill the need.
Unions mobilized to help fight
for passage of the program. AFL
established a permanent legislative
council to coordinate the work of
all AFL unions on Capitol Hill.
There was a flood of layoffs
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throughout industry and consider
able worry about a depression, al
though profits were higher than
ever. The President’s Council of
Economic Advisers recommended a
conference to set up wage and
price standards for a healthy econ
omy. A full employment bill of
1949 was introduced in Congress,
and it was proposed that unem
ployment benefits be broadened.
Retail prices went down slightly
but were still 29% higher than
when OPA was abandoned.
United Auto Workers, first mAj
or union to formulate its 1949 bar
gaining program, put pensions at
the top. AFL transport workers in
New Jersey won a 15*6 cent hour
ly wage boost and Amalgamated
Meatcutters & Butcher Workmen
AFL won a 10 per cent wage in
crease in eastern chain stores.
These local wage gains were typi
cal of hundreds that followed
throughout 1949.
Appointment of Dean Acheson
as Secretary of State was endor
sed by both AFL and CIO. A new
international federation of demo
cratic trade unions was proposed
by AFL, CIO and British union
February: CIO and AFL wit
nesses appeared before the Senate
Labor Committee to argue for re
peal of Taft-Hartley. AFL shatter
ed a 67-year precedent by announ
cing Labor’s League for Political
Education would start
weekly newspaper.
printing a
a bill for
first in a
The Senate received
public low-rent homes,
series of housing bills. A strong
rent control bill was given vigor
ous union backing. President Rich
ard J. Gray of the AFL Building
Trades Dep’t told a Senate com
mittee that the housing shortage
called for 1,500,000 new homes a
year (925,000 units were finished
in 1948). UAW President Walter
P. Reuther submitted to President
Truman a plan to convert surplus
aircraft production capacity to the
building of prefabricated houses.
There was still talk about a de
pression. Leon Keyserling, vice
chairman of the President’s Econ
omic Council, urged Congress to
adopt an economic program, warn
ing the next depression could cost
us about $800 billion. Standby con
trols over prices and scarce com
modities was urged by CIO’s James
B. Carey and AFL’s Lewis Hines
before Congress. The Chamber of
Commerce opposed the measure.
Textile workers in New England
and Middle Atlantic states were
denied a wage raise by an arbitra
tor who based his decision on a dim
prophecy of the economic future.
The NLRB ruled peaceful pick
eting and a blacklist in a second
ary boycott a violation of the law,
and that a union is responsible for
any strike violence incited by its
President Truman pushed his
health insurance program. Indivi
dual doctors throughout the coun
try revolted against a $25 assess
ment by the America Medical Ass’n
(to fight the program. The Senate
Labor Committee approved a bill
I to set up a Labor Extension Ser-
145 West Fifth St. Phone I
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and All Furnishings
To Make a House a Comfortable Home
Established 1880 East Liverpool. Ohio
Convenient Terms
Building Trades Show AFL Hospitality
Washington.—Top officials of three AFL building
and the International Association of Machinists greet
__ ___________ __________ _________ _____ Dutch trades
unionists in what has become a traditional mark of the hospitality
shown visiting trade unionists by AFL building trades unions around
the country as they come here to study our techniques and practices.
Left to right, H. C. Kaper of the Construction Workers Union of the
National Trade Union of The Netherlands Vice-President Elmer E.
Walker of the Machinists, Secretary-Treasurer John J. Murphy of
the Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers AFL Vice-President Dan W.
Tracy, president of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Work
ers Jan Van Eybergen, secretary of the Construction Workers Union
of the Christian National Trade Union of The Netherlands, and Presi
dent Martin P. Durkin of the Plumbers Union.
vice for unions and workers. The
House passed a $2,500,060 appro
priation for a TVA steam plant
which had been refused the year
before by the 80th Congress.
European unionists arrived in
this country to study production
methods under ECA.
March: As northern Republicans
and southern Democrats united to
block important legislation in the
Senate with a two-week filibuster,
President Truman talked about
taking the Fair Deal program dir
ectly to the people once more.
John L. Lewis called a two-week
strike of all miners east of the
Mississippi to protest the nomina
tion of James Boyd as director of
the Federal Bureau of Mines. The
President’s Safety Conference,
meeting in Washington, agreed
that safety of workers on the job
is the “moral and legal responsi
bility of management.”
The climax of what Rail Brother
hood chiefs termed the greatest
wage movement in US history
came with an agreement on a 40
hour week at 48 hours’ pay for 95
percent of the non-operating em
ployes of US railroads. Packing
house workers put wages at the top
of their ’49 demands.
A 5 to 4 Supreme Court ruling
left the way open for state strike
bans. NLRB ruled strikes by unions
and their members to obtain a
closed shop contract were illegal.
Both AFL and CIO were hit by
NLRB in its campaign to tighten
up enforcement of Taft-Hartley’s
anti-secondary boycott provisions.
Both AFL and CIO backed the
North Atlantic Pact. AFL Presi
dent William Green and CIO Pres
ident Philip Murray met with visit
ing British union leaders to discuss
formation of a new international
federation of Democratic trade
The Hoover Commission on gov
ernment organization urged that
the Labor Department be enlarged.
April: The Wood Bill to repeal
Taft-Hartley was introduced by a
Dixjecrat and violently attacked by
labor as no better than what it
purported to repeal.
Int’l Longshoremen & Ware
housemen’s convention in San Fran
cisco made it clear the union would
not follow CIO policy. Michael J.
Quill, who in 1948 resigned as pre
sident of the New York CIO Coun
cil because of Communist influence
in the group was selected president
of a new CIO city body.
In a special message to Congress
President Truman urged quick
action on National Health Insur
ance. He also asked for a Columbia
Valley Administration for the Pac
ific Northwest. Secretary of Agri
culture Charles Brannan outlined
a new farm plan that »would give
the consumer a break. John Car
son, nominee for a'vacant post on
the Federal Trade Commission,
was strongly endorsed by both AFL
and CIO. Carson, research direct
or for the Cooperative League
USA, was under fire from NAM,
Fulton Lewis Jr., and other busi
ness interests.
Several states passed improved
unemployment pay and workmen’s
compensation laws.
May: Labor and administration
pressure succeeded in defeating the
Wpod bill but Taft-Hartley was
still the law of the land. Congress
men supported by labor in the 1948
elections opposed the Wood bill al
most to a man.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., sound
ly trounced his Tammany machine
Democratic opponent, as well as
Republican and pro-Communist
candidates for a vacant seat in the
House of Representatives. After
82 years of rule, Frank Hague’s
Jersey City machine went down to
defeat. Organized labor played a
big part in the campaign.
As 65,CC0 members of United
Auto Workers struck against a
speedup at the Ford Rouge plant,
UAW stalled bargaining with Ford
on pension and pay demands. Car
negie-Illinois Steel Co. notified
A Union-Eye View of Progress in 1949
trades unions’
steelworkers it was unwilling to
discuss pensions. General Electric
Co. refused to consider United
Electrical Workers’ demand for a
$500 yearly pay boost. UE struck
Philco Corp, in Philadelphia and
Singer Manufacturing Co. in Eliz
abeth, N. J., demanding 15-cent
raises and other benefits. Textile
Workers said they would not seek
any wage raises during the year
but would strike in protest against
any wage cuts.
The AFL Executive Council,
meeting in Cleveland, tore into re
actionary businessmen, and politi
cians who were trying to talk the
country into a depression to defeat
labor’s industrial and political pro
grams. Consumer purchasing power
must be kept up, AFL warned. CIO
Executive Board, meeting in Wash
ington, called for wage hikes to
boost sagging buying power.
Communications Workers of Am
erica (230,000 members) voted to
affiliate with the CIO, joining with
Telephone Workers Organizing
Committee and several independ
ent local unions. American Federa
tion of Hosiery Workers asked the
AFL for a charter.
June: The speedup strike at
Ford ended and contract talks chn*
tinued. The Brotherhood of Rail
way Clerks reached agreement for
60,(MX) members with the Railway
Express Agency based on an emer
gency board’s findings—a 40-hour
week and seven-cent raise. Local
unions throughout the country won
pay raises. Teamsters, painters,
chemical workers, bakery workers,
bricklayers, electrical workers, con
struction workers, carpenters,
streetcar workers, oil workers, and
auto workers—all AFL—got boosts
ranging from five to 20 cents. Int’l
Association of Machinists won a
20*,6-cent raise for Philadelphia
auto mechanics. CIO Chemical
workers won an eight-cent hike for
atom workers at Oak Ridge after
threatening to strike. Brewery
Workers in New York won an 82
day strike with a $2 weekly pay
raise and employer-financed pen
sion fund. CIO maritime unions
won contracts with $7.50 monthly
Nationwide bargaining rights
were won by American Newspaper
Guild in an NLRB election for 105
Associated Press Bureaus from
coast to coast. A six-year-old press
scandal ended when AP, ordered by
the court in a libel suit, sent out a
retraction of 1943 story which had
reported members of Nat’l Mari
time Union on a “sitdown” at
Both AFL and CIO stepped up
their 1950 election plans after the
Senate voted 50-40 to keep Taft
Hartley on the books. Labor’s Lea
gue for Political Education mark
ed Senators Taft of Ohio, Donnell
of Missouri, Capehart of Indiana,
and Millikin of Colorado, for their
heaviest fire in the ’50 elections.
For the first time in nearly ten
years, Congress approved a public
housing bill provided for aid to
localities to build 810,000 low-rent
housing units for slum clearance,
rural housing, and- research into
how to build better homes cheaper
and faster. Work began on a bill to
encourage co-op housing for mid
dle-income families.
The Senate ratified the Atlantic
Pact, 92 to 13, despite Taft efforts
to defeat or weaken it. Representa
tives of trade unions in 33 coun
tries met in Geneva, to plan for
mation of ft new international or
ganization of free trade unions.
AFL Secretary George Meany and
CIO Secretary James Carey, work
ing in close cooperation, took lead
ing roles. United Nations Economic
& Social Council requested an in
vestigation of slave labor, includ
ing in the Soviet Union.
Missouri and Delaware repealed
their “little Taft-Hartley” laws.
Labor mourned the death of Jus
tice Frank Murphy of the Supreme
Court, A. F. Whitney, president of
the Brotherhood of Railroad Train
men, and Van A.
Bittner, called
“the greatest organizer of our
President Truman presented to
Congress an 11-point economic pro
l'iam along with the report of hi
Council of Economic Advisor?. Un
qualified approval of Truman’s
message was voiced by William
Green. The convention of United
Auto Workers corrm-.-d it-olf
chiefly with the ecuuumic
declaring consumer purchasing
power must be kept up. The union
applied for a strike vote at Ford
Motor Co.
August: The House approved a
75-cent minimum wage, 361 to 35.
Representatives sympathetic to
labor were forced to accept a dras
tic slash in the number of workers
covered by the Fair Labor Stand
ards Act.
Labor Press Associates was bar
red from membership in the Con
gressional Press Galleries on
grounds that labor is a “special
interest.” A natural gas bill so
bad that it was defeated even by
the infamous 80th Congress pass
ed the House 183 to 131. Federal
Power Commissioner Leland Olds
predicted it would cost consumers
billions of dollars. The Brannan
farm bill was killed in a Senate
AFL Executive Council, meeting
in Toronto, approved a plan where
by LLPE would ask each AFL
member to contribute $2 toward the
defeat of Sen. Robert A. Taft and
other enemies of labor in the 1950
Congressional elections.
Ford workers in Michigan voted
65,001 to 9540 to back up their
leaders with a strike if necessary
to win economic demands of United
Auto Workers.
September: AFL President Will
iam Green predicted labor unity in
this country as a result of the
“new determination of the CIO to
purge itself of Communist leader
President Truman, in a Labor
Day speech, called for farmer
worker alliance, against forces of
special privilege. A farmer-labor
unity rally was held in Chicago
under LLPE auspices.
The 22-month Chicago strike of
Int’l Typographical U n i o n-AFL
ended in victory. All Taft-Hartley
tactics against the union had fail
ed, 1500 printers got a $10 raise,
the laws of the
nized. Both AFL
backed the typo
struggle against
act. s
The Sheriff of Niagara County,
New York, dropped tear gas and
smoke bombs from a company
owned helicopter onto a picket line
of strikers and their wives at the
bell Aircraft Corp. A United Labor
Defense Committee of I AM, AFL
and CIO unions worked with Unit
ed Auto Workers to keep the
strikebound plant closed. UAW
asked for government intervention.
Labor Press Association, new co
operative news service for trade
union papers, held its first meeting.
Ruben Levin, staff writer for Labor
newspaper, was elected president
Allan L. Swim, editor of CIO News,
vice-president Glen Slaughter, re
search director of LLPE, secretary
More than 100 days after nego
tiations began, Ford finally made
its first pension plan offer to Unit
ed Auto Workers. Coal operators
stopped payments into United Mine
Workers Welfare Fund and the
nation’s miners left the pits.
Throughout the month US Steel
and other giant steel companies
hedged on a Presidential board’s
recommendations for industry-paid
pensions. After appeals .from tfie
government showed no effect, 500,
000 members of United Steelwork
ers walked off their jobs at mid
night, Sept. 30. As the month
ended the great steel strike of
1949 began.
OCTOBER: The 81st Congress
ended its first session with most of
its work still unfinished business.
The oil industry won and the pub
lic lost when the Senate, 53 to 15,
rejected the nomination of Leland
Olds for a third five-year term on
the Federal Power Commission.
Olds had saved consumers of elec
tricity and gas millions of dollars.
On October 26, President Truman
signed the bill raising the mini
mum wage from 40 to 75 cents,
first change in the law in 11 years.
Members of the United Auto
Workers at Ford plants overwhelm
ingly approved a history-making
contract providing a non-contribu
tory $100 a month retirement pen
sion at 65. Union leaders said that
the most important gaBi of the pact
was that Congress dug out of the
mothballs legislation for a wider
federal social security program.
UAW opened a drive in Toledo for
area-wide pensions in small plants.
AFL, at its 68th convention, in
its program for 1950, called for
social legislation, repeal of the
Taft-fiartley act, and election of a
liberal majority in Congress. The
battle for a shorter work week was
revived. President William Green
announced that AFL would con-
ITU were recog
and the CIO had
fight as a major
the Taft-Hartley
Consumers scored one of their
few victories when the Senate con
firmed the nomination of John Car
son to the Federal Trade Commiss
ion, 45 to 25.
tinue to fight for pay raises. The
executive council passed a resolu
tion appealing for labor unity.
Four railroad brotherhoods won
their 44-day strike against the
Missouri-Pacific railroad. United
action by Amalgamated Meat Cut
ters & Butcher Workmen-A FL and
United Packinghouse Workers won
a contract providing pay increase
for 80% of the employes of Swift
& Co.
The UAW strike at Bell Aircraft
ended after intervention of a state
fact-finding board, first in the his
tory of New York state. After four
bitter months the company finally
agreed to arbitrate, a move the
union had been urging for weeks.
The Atomic Energy Commission
and its chairman David E. Lilien
thal were cleared of mismanage
ment charges after extensive in
vestigation by the Joint Congress
hold of big business on the US
Committee on Atomic En
Rep. Emmanuel Celler (R,
launched a congressional
into the growing strangle-
November: Fair Deal victories
swept the country’ in the November
8 elections. Ex-governor Herbert
H. Lehman defeated reactionary
Senator John Foster Dulles in New
York. AFL’s Jack Shelley was
elected to Congress in California.
A woman Democrat was sent to
Congress from New York City.
Eight upstate New York towns
voted in Democratic mayors. The
Democrats swamped the Republi
cans in Philadelphia and Pitts
burgh. The voters rejected a phony
poll tax repealer in Virginia.
The great steel strike reached a
victorious end when US Steel and
other big companies capitulated to
union demands for a company-fin
anced pension plan. Aluminum Co.
of America signer! a pension and
insurance agreement for 10,1X10
workers with Aluminum Workers
AFL. United Auto Workers and
Kaiser-Frazer Corp, signed a con
tract with a pension plan following
the recommendations of the steel
fact-finding board.
purging Com
ousted United
and set up a
CIO convention,
munist-led unions,
Electrical workers
new union for the electrical, radio
and machine industry expelled the
Farm Equipment Workers chang
ed the constitution to allow the ex
ecutive board to disaffiliate unions
which fail to follow CIO policy.
The new IUE union mushroomed.
Later in the month, when it held its
founding convention, it claimed a
membership of over 200,000.
Labor Press Association finally
won Congressional press gallery
rights. Anti-Fair Deal lobbies re
ported spending more than 20 times
as much as labor did during the
first nine months of 1949. 4mer*"
can Medical Ass’n, biggest spender
in history with a total of $1,225,
028, brought the insurance com
panies into their fight against na
tional health insurance and also
got the pledged support of the real
estate interests.
A Senate subcommittee studying
the problems of low-income fam
ilies revealed that almost 10,060,
000 families are still trying to live
on under $2000 a year. In the first
major Federal Power Commission
decision since Leland Olds was de
feated, Pacific Gas and Electric
Co. won a plum and consumers got
a shellacking.
December: Leaders of democra
tic unions throughout the world
met in London to form the Int’l
Confederation of Free Trade
Unions. Phillip Murray and Will
iam Green were named vice-pres
idents. Five Americans are on the
general council.
A CIO political action conference
mapped its 1950 campaign, concen
trating on congressional districts
where the fight was won or lost by
about five per cent. In its first pub
lished financial report, the CIO list
ed its net worth at $1,480,313—or
about 25 cents for each of its mem
NLRB General Counsel Robert
HE DOESN’T SCARE EASILY—President Joseph Curran
garage door. The “D»ath to Curran”
and windows. Communuts and other groups within the union are wag
ing a fig on Curran.
Nat’l Maritjme Union looks over the message in red pan on his
sign wag a|go on house
H. Denham recommended that his
office and the board look the other
way so far as the building trades
are concerned in enforcing parts of
the Taft-Hartley act.
Senator Robert A. Taft outline
a program for the Republican
party that called for a welfare
state, but one run by the states
rather than the federal govern
ment. As the year ended it was not
yet decided who would run against
Taft in Ohio.
The first of a series of CIO hear
ings on unions accused of follow
ing the Communist party line was
held in Washington. Expulsion of
all was predicted. The FBI finally
agreed to investigate attack on
United Auto Workers-CIO and its
leaders after 39 sticks of dynamite
were found in the UAW headquar
ters in Detroit with the fuse snuff
ed out by rain just an eighth of an
inch from detonation. Just a few
days before, UAW President Wal
ter Reuther had received the Clen
denin Award of the Workers De
fense League for his service as a
“progressive and socially visioned”
head of the union.
The American Medical Associa
tion, finding its 25 “voluntary”
assessment on all members to fight
the Administration health insur
ance program was not enough,
voted for the first time in its his
tory to slap $25 annual dues on all
of its members. Doctors voted to
oppose disability insurance and
even federal aid to medical schools
and for school health services.
Corporate Profits
Near 1948 Record
Washington (LPA)—A report on
manufacturing profits for the third
quarter of 1949, from the Federal
Trade and the Securities and Ex
change Commissions, suggests that
corporation profits this year will
run not far behind the record
breaking total of 1948.
The Commissions reported that
in the third quarter, as a result of
a relatively small increase in
volume, manufacturing profits
after taxes zoomed up 15 per cent
over the second quarter, or from
$2 billion to $2.3 billion. They still
were 20 per cent below the third
quarter of last year, an exception
ally high profit period.
Smaller corporations .showed
greater profit increases than big,
in line with the greater fluctua
tions usually shown by the small
companies both on downswings and
upswings. Biggest gains were
among manufacturers of miscellan
eous products, leather and leather
products, apparel and finished tex
tiles and fabricated metal pro
ducts, all of which showed gains of
50 per cent or more.
Profits after taxes, based on
stockholders’ investments, ranged
from 27.2 per cent for auto com
panies to 5.6 per cent for primary
non-ferrous metal companies which
traditionally show a low profit on
invested capital. The percentage
for manufacturing as a whole was
12 per cent as compared with 10.4
per cent in the second quarter. The
percentage for big companies aver
aged 13.6 per cent, for smaller
ones 8.4 per cent. Profits per dol
lar of sales rose from 5.2 cents on
the dollar to 6. cents, ranging
from 2.3 for smaller companies
7.6 for the bigger ones.
British Trades
Congress Presses
Pay Freeze Policy
London (LPA) The British
Trades Union Congress has sent
a report to its 100 dd affiliated
Tirdons recommrndmg the latter
frteze wageo in line with govern
ment policy unless the cost of liv
ing rises more than six points ip
the coming year.
The report was drafted by the
General Council of the Congress
and formalized the recommenda
tions ar.iccji.i^ed late in November.
The Ceu justified its findings
on the grounds mt Britain’s pre
sent economic plight offered “no
alternative.” Officials of the mem
ber unions will meet Jan. 12 in
London to act on the Council’s pro
posals. The “freeze” is oi-posed by
about half the TUC’s 9/XX),000
i bers.
The Council v^*ed its proposals
with obvious reluctance, and made
clear it was not intended that Bri
tain’s trade unions bear all the
burdens re-:’ting fr‘m devaluation
of the pouud. The posals urged
the Labor government to take a
stronger hand with industries earn
ing “exceptionally high profit .”
Whe- the pound was devalued in
Septen Oer, £Kr Stafford Cripps,
Chancellor of the Exchequer, asked
that there be an increase of 25 or
30 percent in the dist‘ uted pro
fits tax, a proposition subsequently
The TUC Council applauded this
policy, but observed that motor
magnates, among others, were
making large profits, and that in
some industries profits would in
crease as a result of devaluation.
The Council declared r- commenda
tions would be forwarded to the
Chancellor of the Exchequer be
fore he announced his budget in
The wage freeze policy was
adopted by the government in an
effort to head off inflationary
spirals generated by devaluation.
Strike Threat
Coercive Labor
Board Rules
Washington (LPA)—You violate
the Taft-Hartley act if you threat
en to strike to force an individual
employe to engage in union acti
vity, the Nat’l Labor Relations
Board ruled in a California case
involving Cannery Warehousemen,
Food Processors, Drivers & Help
ers Union, Local 679.
At the same time, the Clara-Vai
Packing Co. of Morgan Hill, Calif.,
violated the act, the board conclud
ed, by discharging the employe
under a closed shop contract. The
company was ordered to reinstate
the discharged worker, a woman
named Nora E. Stiers, and in addi
tion, the company and the union
were held jointly and severally res
ponsible Yor any wages lost.
The union was also found guilty
of violating the act by encourag
ing membership through discrim
inating against employes, and by
trying to obtain company aid in
such discrimination through the
threat of a strike.
The majority opinion of the
board was signed by Chairman Paul
Herzog and members John M.
Houston and J. Copeland Gray.
James J. Reynolds, not often found
on the union side, said that he did
not agree that the threat of a
strike constituted illegal coercion.
However, he was in accord with
his colleagues on the other points.
The dispute arose in June, 1948.
Until then, Miss Stiers, a Clara
Vai employe, was in good standing
in the union. However, she was
spotted working after hours at a
plant around which the union was
maintaining a. picket line. After a
trial, the union let her off with a
light fine provided she did not
violate union rules in the future.
When she not only failed to pay
the fine but continued to cross the
picketline, she was expelled from
the union. A business agent then
told Clara-Val that unless Miss
Stiers was discharged, the union
would picket the plant. Clara-Val
complied with the union demand.
Washington (LPA) Develop
ment of natural resources on a
regional basis is a sure way of
creating more jobs, the 1949 an
nual report of the Tennessee Val
ley Authority showed. Manufactur
ing plants in the Valley employed
158,000 more workers than they
did in 1933, the TVA report re
vealed, an increase of 147 per cent
as compared with a 119 per cent
increase in the country as a whole.
New Y’urk (LPA)—Relief cases
in November numbered 323,073, an
increase for the 12th straight
month, 62,067 above November
1948, ,and “there are no signs upon
which to anticipate a hope for
future improvement,” W e 1 fa e
Commissioner Raymond M. Hilliard
reported. He announced he will
even greater decline in living
costs.” The cut has brought a
storm of protest from labor and a
liberal groups which argue that the
allowances, even before the cuts,
were too low.
a greater budget for next
Recently relief allowances
cut 5 per cent “based on an

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