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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 02, 1950, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-02-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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SIU Distributes
“Pony” Newspaper
To Ships Abroad
New York (LPA)—Union sea
men live lives unlike union work
ers in most fields. For months, or
even years at a time, they are far
from home and completely out of
touch with union affairs. Yet, as
good union men, they want to know
what’s going on.
The Atlantic A Gulf District of
the Seafarers Int’l Union-AFL,
well aware that a US sailor in
Singapore or Rio wants to know
what his union is doing for him
stateside, decided to take steps to
tell him. Last July, the SIU, al
ready publisher of one of the live
liest of all union papers, the Sea
farers Log, began publishing the
Bulletin, a three or four page*dT-“
gest of union news which is air
mailed to ships around the world.
The Bulletin is kind of a pony edi
tion of the Seafarers Log which
also is distributed around the
world but in more leisurely fashion
Production of the Bulletin is no
problem at union headquarters
here where it is written and mul
(Turn to Page Two}
Casket Assn. Rejects
UIU Survey Offer
Chicago (LPA) The Chicago
Casket Manufacturers’ Assn, has
rejected an offer by the Upholster
ers’ International Union for an im
partial survey, jointly financed, of
the serious economic conditions in
the industry. The Association rep
resents 13 firms with 500 workers.
The union offer was made during
long negotiations, with a view to
establishing stability in the indus
Sal B. Hoffman, UIU president,
expressing regret at the rejection,
said the offer was made because
the union is “determined to dis
charge faithfully our obligations to
our members and our responsibility
to the industry and to the public
at large.”
Two days before the strike dead
line UAW cut its demand for 1114
cents in pensions and insurance
benefits to what it termed a “rock
bottom” 10-cent proposal. Union
leaders said the 10 cents could be
divided between a pension and
medical program or go into a flat
hourly wage increase. The com
pany countered with an offer of
100 monthly pensions for workers
at 65 after 25 years of employment.
The biggest joker in the company
^^offer was that the pension pay
^Rnents would come out of the Chry
sler treasury rather than from a
joint union-company trust fund
into which Chrysler would deposit
pension money.
Fearing the collapse of any pen
sion plan that didn’t have a guar
anteed fund behind it, union mem
bers voted to hit the brickM. Said
UAW President Walter Reuther:
“The arrogant and insufferable at
titude of the Chrysler Corporation
has forced this strike upon its
workers. The issues are simple,
clear and sensible. The tragic ex
perience of the mine workers dem
onstrates the need for a sound
pension plan.
,'Mk 4*,*
EMPLOYERS’ FRIEND—Robert N. Denham, general counsel of
the NLRB, who is leading a two-pronged assault on the United Mine
Workers and John L. Lewis. His office is slated to ask a Federal Court
in Washington to enjoin the UMW from allegedly trying to enforce a
closed shop. On Feb. 7 an examiner will open hearings on charges of
unfair labor practice. Lewis recently called Denham “hatchetman for
the hi-profit tong.”
MEMBER **s*,'!-*-A
■VOL xun, NO. 40
Tags Bell System
Brutal ‘Octopus’
In Radio Speech
Cincinnati (LPA)—The Ameri
can Telephone A Telegraph Co.
(Bell System) was branded an
“octopus” and a “brutal and weal
thy corporation” by Joseph A.
Beirne, president of the Commun
ications Workers of America, in a
nation-wide broadcast over the
ABC network the night of Jan. 25.
The 320,COO-member CWA is on
the verge of a strike because Bell
refuses to budge, even to the ex
tent of arbitration, Beirne explain
Beirne pointed out that the pub
lic pays the bill “which permits a
gigantic telephone monopoly to ex
ist” that the Bell System is an 11
Kulion aggregation, with net 1949
profits of 230 million that al
though phone rates*have been hiked
Again and again, phone workers as
a group received the lowest wage
treatment between 1939 and 1949.
Beirne said the telephone indus
try is run through interlocking dir
ectorates of 12 major corporations,
that it is “bigger than many gov
ernments, at times it is bigger
than our government.” He charged
the Bell System had spent 70 mill
ion in four years to persuade the
public that it is “a friendly, benign
corporation”, and that the 70 mill
ion “you paid for'on your telephone
bill.” He charged that for 20 years
the management has “consistently
flouted the people and defied the
laws of our nation.”
Telephone workers, Beirne re
vealed, average about 40 a week,
including overtime and holidays.
Starting rates are 35 to 37, and
top is 52—and that only after
eight years. In smaller towns,
starting rates are 26 and top
rates are 36. Rates for skilled
craftsmen are similar, he said. He
pointed out that telephone work
ers have dropped from seventh to
25th place in the nation’s average
(Turn to Page Two}
90,000 Auto Workers Strike
Chrysler Corp. For Pension
Detroit (LPA)—Stubborn refus
al of the Chrysler Corporation to
Jkset up an adequate pension fund
'for its workers forced nearly 90,
000 members of United Auto Work
ers to strike the giant auto com
pany Jan. 25.
Chrysler vice-president Herman
L. Weckler attacked the union pro
posals as “political.” His reply to
the union demand for a sound, de
pendable fund was that the UAW
leadership “wants a kitty it can
get its hands on”.
“A company which reluctantly
agrees to a pension plan in the first
place,” ‘Reuther responded, “and
then only for five years, can be
expected to chisel or jerk the
strings if possible at a later date.”
The UAW Chrysler negotiating
committee and the union’s execu
tive board both voted unanimous
ly to cut original demands in an ef
fort to avoid the walkout. They
further agreed to submit technical
details to arbitration. Though the
union accepted a 100 retirement
pension at Ford, it. produced fig-1
ures to show that the Chrysler of
fer was actually far short of the
established 10-cent pattern because
Chrysler workers as a group are
much younger. The Chrysler offer,
the union proved, would cost the
company less than three cents an
“The Chrysler Corporation’s abil
ity to meet the legitimate and rea
sonable demands of its employes
is not an issue in these negotia
tions,” a union statement declared.
“In response to a direct question
in the collective bargaining ses
sion January 19, corporation repre
(Turn to Page Two)
4^ 1 A. W**'* 4«
Steel Price Boost
‘Tax On Public9
May Cause Bust
Washington (LPA) The most
effective time to hold hearings on
price increases in such vital indus
tries as steel would be before, not
after, the rises have taken effect,
Donald Montgomery, Washington
representative of the United Auto
Workers proposed to the Joint
Congressional Economic Commit
tee Jan. 27.
Speaking for UAW President
Walter Reuther, Montgomery
charged that the steel industry’s
price increase amounted to a tax
on consumers levied by “a private
government that answers to no
oho. It may account to stockhold
ers for its profits, but it will not
account to them or to anyone else
if its price action launches a series
of plant shutdowns and layoffs
six months from now.”
This “tax” of at least 69,000,
000 on the auto industry and at
least another 13,000,000 on agri
cultural machinery makers, the
UAW man said, may very well
create serious unemployment in
six months. Even now, he said, the
auto industry is seeing the end of
the present production boom, and
is concentrating on lower-priced
models, and had even talked vague
ly about substantial price cuts until
the steel price boost was announced
in mid-December.
“The decision of United States
Steel management to raise prices
was a flagrant exercise of arbi
trary power to extract the last
drop of juice from the last orange,”
Montgomery said. “The only expla
nation we can suggest for its rash
and untimely act is that this corp
oration decided to carry out a
policy it has defended in the past
—to get what it can while the get
ting is good, and to lay up reserves
for the slump that follows the
boom. It looks dispassionately
upon the prospect of reduced em
ployment, provided it can fix its
finances to weather the storm. To
balance its books it runs the risk
Court Affirms
Monopoly Charges
Against Papers
Lorain, Ohio (LPA)—They can’t
claim you’re trying to curtail free
dom of the press if you attempt to
break up a newspaper or broadcast
ing monopoly, according to a re
cent court decision affecting this
area. In what may be a far-reach
ing ruling a US Court of Appeals
in Washington upheld denial by
the Federal Communications Com
mission of radio station licenses
to two local newspapers, the Lorain
Journal and the Mansfield Journal,
both owned by the same firm, be
cause monopoly was strongly indi
The FCC rejected applications
for the licenses a year and a half
ago on the ground that the Mans
field paper had coerced advertisers
into exclusive contracts, shutting
out the only other news medium, a
local radio station. Since the Lo
rain paper was under the same
ownership, there was every reason
to expect it to follow a similar
policy, the FCC reasoned.
In ruling on the FCC charges,
the Circuit Court said monopoly in
the mass communication of news
and advertising is contrary to the
public interest even if not in terms
outlawed by anti-trust statutes.
This demolished the technical de
fense of newspaper attorneys that
the case was an anti-trust case
which should haVe been brought by
the Justice Dep’t, not by the FCC.
The decision was read by Judge
George T. Washington of the Cir
cuit Court and was concurred in by
Judges Bazelon and Miller. Wash
ington said the FCC acted “fully
within” its power in denying the
(Turn to Page Two)
AFL Officials Attend
CIT Meet in Havana
Havana, Cuba (LPA) George
Meany, secretary-treasurer of the
American Federation of Labor, and
Serafino Romualdi, the AFL’s
liaison man with Latin American
labor bodies, were in Havana Jan.
26 to attend a three-day conference
of the executive committee of the
Inter-American Confederation of
Workers (CIT).
Main business of the meeting
was expected to be action on the
resolutions adopted in December at
the London conference establishing
the Int’l Confederation of Free
Trade Unions. Delegations from
the AFL and from national labor
bodies in Latin America partici
pated in the London talks.
®he rinter# tlerald
Flays Anti-Union
Slurs In Harvard
Business Review!
Arlington, Va. (LPA)—Whence
read an article by A. A. Imberman
in the Harvard Business Review
charging that many of America’s
union leaders not only maintain
extra-marital relations but reject
bribes from employers only be
cause they are offered “as if to
men of inferior stature”, it was too
much for Rev. William J. Kelley,
federal labor mediator and lectur
er at Catholic University of Am
Kelley, speaking before the Guild
of Leo XIII at the St. Charles
Catholic Church annex here, called
upon American labor to defend its
officers against the accusation and
demanded that Imberman, a Chic
ago public relations man, substan
tiate his charges.
“Having known many labor lead
ers over a period of 15 years, I
resent such an undocumented in
dictment,” the priest declared. “I
deny that these men have aband
oned honesty for social prestige.
“To officers of labor unions I
say, in fact: ’Stand up and be
counted as to your concepts of hon
esty, the integrity of which your
conduct constantly attests.*’As for
union members, I ask you to defend
your officers against these unwar
ranted charges concerning their
marital relations.”
It was Imberman’s quaint theory
that an employer can avoid labor
trouble by inviting the local union
president to join a luncheon club—
or, better yet, by getting the union
official’s daughter enrolled “in
fashionable dancing school.”
PENSION PIONEERS—The fourth annual reunion of the pension fund for New York members of the
electrical industry was held at the Hotel Astor recently. Shown at the event are left to rgiht: Robert Wag
ner Jr, president of Manhattan borough A. Lincoln Bush, chairman of the board John Schwartz, 96, old
est member of Local 3, Int’l Brotherhood of Electrical Workers-AFL anti Jerry Sullivan, president of
Local 3. fl
'Brass Hats’ Hof
For Chiseling
On Jobs And Pay
Washington (LPA) Unfair
treatment of civilian employes and
wage chiseling by military agencies
have been assailed by the AFL
Metal Trades and Building Trades
Departments. Skilled civilians have
been displaced in navy yards by
men in uniform, and there has been
chiseling on wages in many con
struction projects, the AFL groups
James M. Brownlow, Metal
Trades secretary-treasurer, said
that civilians were laid off in an
“economy drive”, and then mili
tary personnel was used instead.
“It’s just a case of shifting the
cost from one pocket to another,”
Brownlow said, “with our
the victims.” He said the
will be taken to Congress.
Calls Publishers
Greatest Enemies.
Of Press Freedom
i Washington (LPA)—“As many
persons have observed many times
before, the greatest enemies of
freedom of the press are the pub
lishers,” concludes an editorial in
the current issue of League Report
er, publication of Labor’s League
For Political Education. The edit
orial points out that most of the
country’s big dailies “ignored the
Sensational report by the Federal
Trade Commission disclosing that a
majority of big business made a
profit of around 20 per cent, after
all taxes, in 1948, compared with
about half that before the war. The
report, one of the most important
profit stories to break in many
years, was -available to all news
papers. Did you see it in your
home-town paper?”
The editorial declares that a spot
check by the Labor Press Associa
tion disclosed the N.Y. Times and
the N. Y. Journal of Commerce
gave the story half a column, the
N.Y. Herald Tribune carried no
thing, nor did the Washington
papers, nor did most others, al
though most papers “spend money
for special Washington correspond
The editorial points out that
when the publishers’ association
meets this spring “you can be cer
tain its members will assure one
another that they are firm believ­'
ers in the freedom of the press.”
The editorial continues:
“Freedom to what? Freedom to
keep their subscribers in ignor­‘
ance? Freedom not to let the peo
ple know that those who scream
loudest about taxes make the big
gest profits Freedom not to make
their advertisers mad?”
The full story was carried by
Labor Press Association, which ob
tained it from the same source
available to all dailies, and all
wire services—the Federal
antiquated system
President and Vice
required by the US
allow a candidate
a minority of the
One would
who received
ballots in a closely split election
to become President. The other
would allow every voter’s choice to
be counted not only at the state
level, but when the final tally is
made nationally. This second
method would completely knock
out the Dixiecrats’ main claim to
power—their control of the elec
toral votes is nearly a dozen south
ern states.
Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D,
Minn.) has proposed a Constitu
tional amendment which would
count the votes for every candi
date, and would transmit the fig
ures to the President of the Sen
ate. Then, national totals would be
made up, and the candidate receiv
ing the highest popular vote would
be declared elected.
An earlier proposal by Sen.
Henry Cabot Lodge (R, Mass.)
would abolish the present system
bf electing the president, but would
still require that each state’s votes
be apportioned among the electors
of the state in proportion to the
number of popular votes cast. A
sizeable minority in each state,
thus, could be disfranchised when
the electors’ votes are counted.
And since each state, no matter
how small, could have three elec
tors, the weight of an individual
vote in these states is five or six
time heavier than one cast in a
heavily-populated industrial state.
)utch Thank US Workers
Washington (LPA) George
Meany, AFL secretary-treasurer
has received a handsomely bound,
illustrated book in which the people
of the Netherlands thank Ameri
cans for help with post-war recon
struction. The book entitled “Here
We Are Uncle Sam, Holland Call
ing You,” was sent by the Dutch
Metalworkers. The Dutch workers
point out that after the American
Revolution their country was the
second to recognize the infant US,
and that Dutch bankers lent money
to get the young republic on its
Ai-‘ -*a
of the
President Richard Gray
Building Trades said a check show
ed wage chiseling on military pro
jects in at least 36 states. “Top
brass,” he said, has brushed off
all attempts to correct the situa
tion. ..
Change In System
Would Make Your
Vote Really Count
Washington (LPA) Two dis
tinct choices are offered to the
Senate when it votes on proposals
to abolish the
of choosing a
President now
Teeth Pulled From
Amendment On
Equal Rights Bill
Washington (LPA)—An “equal
rights for women” amendment to
the Constitution vastly different
from that originally proposed was
sent on to the states on Jan. 25. As
approved by the Senate 63 to 19,
the amendment could not be con
strued to impair any rights or ex
emptions conferred on women by
law by reason of sex.
Spokesmen for the wage-earning
women of the country, led by the
AFL and CIO, and the NaCl Con
sumers League, had originally
fought the equal rights amend
ment because it would wipe out
much protective legislation of spec
ial importance to low-wage indus
tries’ workers. It would also have
placed women at an economic dis
advantage in many situations. This
is not now the case.
The amendment to the equal
rights proposal which brought it
union backing was proposed by
Sen. Carl Hayden (D, Ariz.). It
was approved on a roll call vote,
51 to 31. There were 36 Democrats
and 15 Republicans for the Hayden
amendment 18 Republicans and 13
Democrats opposed a y e n’s
The measure now goes to the leg
islatures of the* states, which have
seven years in which to ratify it.
Before it becomes a part of the
Constitution, 36 states must ratify.
It is highly unlikely that enough
organized pressure will be exerted
to obtain approval by this many
Taft’s In There
Fighting For
Employers Side
Washington (LPA)—Sen. Robert
A. Taft (R, Ohio) may have a new
and glamorized pair of spectacles,
but the lenses are still the same.
He still, when faced with national
problems, takes the employers’
Taft is in there again, battling
for the employers’ rights in opposi
tion to a federal Fair Employment
Practice Commission with enforce
ment power. He first revealed his
views against the FEPC bill in an
interview with an Ohio delegation,
who were amazed to learn that
FEPC would “discriminate against
white workers.”
Again, in his widely-used boiler
plate column for Ohio papers Jan.
25, he wrote that: “The effort of
the federal government to deal
with all these millions of cases is
bound to create bitter feeling and,
in my opinion, increase race feel
ing and prejudice rather than to
remove it.”
An FEPC law with teeth in it
ers to
subject millions of employ
arbitrary action by some
board,” Taft asserts, con
(T«.-s to Page Two)
Local Union No. 16 Holds
Fish Fry At Legion Hall
The members of Local Union 16
held their annual fish fry January
20 at the American Legion quarters
in Chester.
Bro. “Red” Meeks was the of
ficial “fryer” ably assisted by
George Bowyer, Bill Snider, James
Williams, John De Long and Clyde
Raybum. A large turnout was on
hand for the event, keeping “Red”
and his aides busy throughout the
We take this means of extending
our thanks to the members of the
Chester American Legion for do
nating the hall.
Our next meeting is scheduled
for February 7 in the Brotherhood
.... "W.
—O.C. 16
President Duffy Accepts
Committee Post In 1950
Tobin Aide Wants
Mediation Service
In Labor Dep’t
Oklahoma City (LPA)—Cnns^ress
could do more toward pre mating
labor peace by returning the Fed
eral Mediation A Conciliation Ser
vice to the Labor Department than
by creating a new Department of
Labor A Management, Assistant
Secretary of tabor John
told the Oklahoma State
Council Jan. 21.
Gibson, referring to the
proposal by Herman W.
kraus, president of the US Cham
ber of Commerce, that a new labor
msnagement department be estab
lU'.ed to foster peace between “the
worker and the boss”, said there
was no need for such a move.
“All that needs to be done,” Gib
son declared, “is to restore to the
Department of tabor those func
tions which would guide both labor
and management into a more
peaceful relationship. At this point
I refer specifically to the Federal
Mediation A Conciliation Service.”
The mediation service was re
moved from the tabor Department
by the Taft-Hartley act and made
an independent office. Gibson call
ed for repeal of the act, and point
ed out that he and Secretary of
Labor Maurice J. Tobin had long
been pressing for restoration of
conciliation functions to cabinet
level by making the Mediation Ser
vice a part of the tabor Depart
ment again.
Labor Fights,
Washington (LPA)—Labor lead
ers are preparing to fight a bill
introduced by Senator Robertson
(D, Va.) to apply the anti-trust
laws to labor unions.
Robertson contended in introduc
ing the bill that it was designed
to outlaw union efforts to fix prices
and control production through
such devices as John L. Lewis’
three-day week in the coal indus
But union lawyers were quick to
point out that if the courts could
enjoin efforts to impose a three
day week they might also enjoin
efforts to maintain a five-day
The Virginia Senator admitted
he had left to the courts the inter
pretation of what constituted “un
reasonable restraint” of trade be
cause the writing of such an inter
pretation into law had seemed “an
almost impossible objective.”
75-Cent Minimum Wage
Gives Raise To 1,500,000
Washington (LPA) About 1,
500,000 workers across the nation
got a raise Jan. 25 by act of Con
gress. That was the date the new
75-cent minimum wage law became
Actually, the minimum wage law
covers approximately 22 million
workers in interstate commerce
within the meaning of the statute.
However, most of those covered
already are making 75 cents or
more because of union contracts.
Nevertheless some 600,000 employ
ers received posters announcing
the new legal minimum to be dis
played on their premises. Old min
imum, first established in 1938,
was 40 cents.
The 75-cent minimum was a Fair
Deal victory when it was approved
by Congress last year with the
vigorous support of organized labor
—AFL, CIO and independent alike.
However, the victory was far from
clear-cut, since Fair Deal senators
and representatives were forced to
yield important points in order to
get the new wage level passed.
Specifically, Congressional back
ers of the 75-cent wage had to ex
empt a number of workers cover
ed by the old 40-cent minimum to
win approval for the higher rate
for the rest. For the most part,
these exemptions will be felt in the
south, where opposition to a statu
tory minimum wage is strongest—
and where union organization is
In addition to about nine million
“self-employed” workers, the fol
lowing are exempted as they were
under the old law:
$2.00 PER YEAH
“Organized labor has a great
stake in the work of the American^
.leart Association,” President),
James M. Duffy, a member of the
National Labor Committee of the
i.950 Heart Campaign, announced
this week.
The 6,000,000 fund-raising driven
will take place during the month,
of February and will be conducted
by the American Heart Associa-f
tion, and its affiliates throughout?*^
the country, to support a program,
of scientific research, public edu-’
cation and community service.
In a letter addressed to Pres-’
ident Duffy, inviting his coopera-’
tion, Secretary of Labor Maurice
J. Tobin, Chairman of the National
Labor Committee’s 1950 Heart
Campaign, wrote:
“Diseases of the heart and blood
vessels are our nation’s leading
cause of death. They kill more than
600,000 Americans annually and
are responsible for more deaths
than the next five most important
causes of death combined.”
Responding to Labor Secretary
Tobin’s invitation to serve with
him as a member of the Commit
tee, President Duffy stated:
“I am delighted to accept
bership on the National
Committee of the American
Association’s Campaign for 1950
to raise 6,000,000, in order to sup
port a program of scientific re
search, public education and com
munity service to combat this ser
ious health menace.”
Jones Installs Officers
At Meeting Of Local 174
Metuchen, N. J. At the last
regular meeting past president
Donley Jones installed our new of
ficers as follows: George Bondies,
president William Golden, vice
president Andrew Lesko, financial
secretary and Walter L. Szelc, re
cording secretary.
At our next meeting on Febru
ary 9, George Bondies and William
Golden, delegates to the recent
sanitary conference in New York
will make their report. Every mem
ber is urged to be present at this
(meeting. —O.C. 174
About 1,600,000 who are in the
armed services and about six mill
ion federal, state and municipal
employes, most of whom already
receive 75 cents an hour or better.
In addition, there are several mill
ion more who have always been
exempted because they cannot be
construed as being in interstate
commerce. Only state legislation
could cover them and there isn’t
much state legislation. The list in
cludes domestics, most retail work
ers and people in similar categories
including agricultural workers.
Also exempted are seamen.
The new wage-hour law adds the
following new exemptions to ap
pease Dixigop senators and repre
sentatives 10,000 operators of
small telephone switchboards, 10,
000 employes of small newspapers,
and more than 100,000 employes of
small sawmills, plus newsboys and
employes of cab companies. In ad
dition, retail exemptions have been
widened. Next fight may be to re
store these exempted workers and
to raise the minimum another
notch, possibly to a dollar.
In two employe classifications,
the new act actually broadens cov
erage. About 50,000 fish cannery
workers have been brought under
the minimum wage, as have about
100,000 in the air carrier industry.
In the end, the actual coverage
may be determined by the courts
because the wording of the law’s
interstate commerce clause has
been altered.
Each employe covered by the act
must be paid 75 cents or more an
(Tara to Page Two)
In accepting President Duffy’s
whole-hearted cooperation in the
fight against heart disease, our
nation’s greatest killer, Secretary
Tobin declared:
“1 am confident that with your
personal support and the coopera
tion of the National Brotherhood
of Operative Potters, organized
labor will make an outstanding
contribution towards the task of
combatting heart disease, since
among its major victimes are the
working men and women of Amer
To facilitate labor’s support in
this drive, Secretary Tobin has de
signated Assistant Secretary of
Labor Ralph Wright as his aide.
-4 IT

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