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Thursday, February 2, 1950T
Labor, Management Form Nat’l Group To Fight Destructive Tariff Slashes Washington, D. C. (ILNS). vRepresentatives of labor and man |)tigement in 17 industries, meeting at the Mayflower Hotel here, launched a nation-wide mobiliza tion against destructive tariff cuts on products competing with some American industries. The meeting also deaided to con duct a study of the effects of the ECA import program and recipro cal trade agreements on U. S. in dustry, with the aim of obtaining facts on which a fair and just for eign trade policy can be based. At the same time, the conference em phasized that it supported the Marshall Plan and ECA program. To put its decisions into effect, the delegates formed the National Labor-Management Committee on Foreign Trade Policy. Sixteen trade unions were represented. They were brought together by America’s Wage Earners’ Protec tive Conference, of which Matthew Woll is president. The conference is composed of AFL unions. All Sections Represented Among the industries and labor groups at the meeting were repre sentatives from the fisheries, glass ware, glove, aluminum, pottery, wallpaper, match, photoengraving, kaolin, hats and millinery, glass container, scientific apparatus, book manufacturers, cedar shingle, hothouse vegetable, and fish can ning industries. Among the labor A representatives attending were presidents of national and interna tional unions speaking for well over 1,000 local unions throughout the country. A large number of representa tives of companies and industrial associations in the above indus tries were also present. Delegates came from all sections of the coun try including the Atlantic and Pac ific Coasts. Following the me-ting, 0. R. Strackbein, executive secretary of the protective conference, issued a statement in which he said: “The meeting was sponsored and called by labor and management interests who are adversely affect ed by the rising tide of imports from foreign countries in Europe and other parts of the world. It was pointed out that such threats would be increased as a result of the contemplated further decrease in import duties. “A steering committee was to be designated consisting of repre sentatives of management and labor in all participating industries. It was announced that invitations to participate would be extended to all labor and management groups in all of the various industries ad versely affected by the mounting competition from foreign importa tions. THE BOOK WITH A happy ending There’s a book that always has a happy ending—your savings account book. All the things you’ve always wanted to do are there for you—plainly promised by your growing bank balance. 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SAVE now at First National Member FDIC East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank Phone 914 for happier SPENDING later Aid Programs Supported “It was stressed that the confer ence supported the basic purposes of the Marshall Plan and the Ad ministration's ECA program as a vitaf weapon in the war against Communism in the world today. “However, it was further stress ed that factual surveys and search ing investigations should be con ducted in all affected industries so that the President and the State Department would have the pertin ent and relevant data on the basis of which foreign trade policy pro visions could be equitably deter mined. “It was further stated that sub stantial alleviation of many cur rent crises in domestic industries could and must be accomplished within the framework of the exist ing American foreign trade policy designed to destroy the threat of encroaching Communism in Europe and elsewhere.” Biemiller Clears Away AMA's Fag Washington (LPA) All that the American Medical Association is doing by its $5,000,000 campaign against national health insurance is to throw up a screen of artifi cial fog to obscure the real facts, Rep. Andrew Biemiller (D, Wis.) told the legislative conference of the Brotherflood of Railway & Steamship Clerks here Jan. 19. He called on the AMA to set forth the facts about the differ ences between the British health program and the health insurance proposal now before the Congress. “They reveal their ignorance of what national health insurance really is,” Biemiller said of the doctors, “when they use the Eng lish system as a basis of compar ison. Compulsory health insurance is not even directly comparably to socialized medicine.” “All specialists and hospitals are under the direct control of the cen tral government in England,” Bie miller explained. “We propose no thing of the kind here.” “Only the advertising agency now fronting for the AMA would attempt to confuse people by using the word socialism,” said Biemill er. He referred to Whitaker & Baxter, the firm being paid $100, 000 a year 1 the doctors to put on a high-pressure drive to block health insurance, federal aid to medical schools, federal aid for school children’s health services, and all other measures to remove what Biemiller called “the dollar bill that stands between the doc tors and a healthy America.” Probe of Lever Bros. To Proceed Washington (LPA) Resigna tion of Charles Luckman as pres ident of Lever Bros. Co.—one of the big three which dominate the soap and related industries here— will not stop plans of the House Monopoly Committee to hear him in February, Chairman Emanuel Celler (D, N. Y.) announced. “The subcommittee desires to find out to what extent products manufac tured, distributed and used in our country are affected by this huge cartel” which has ties with Uni lever Ltd. in Great Britain and Unilever N. V. in the Netherlands, as well as in many other nations, Celler asserted. He’s especially in terested in finding out how prices of soap and related products, in cluding oleomargarine, are affect ed by the cartel operations. No reason has yet been given by Luckman for his sudden resigna tion, except that he had disagree ments involving policy with other Lever Bros, and Unilever officials. Furniture—Stoves Bedding—Curtains Drapery—Rugs—Carpets Paint—Appliances Dinner & Cooking Ware Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and AU Furnishings To Make a House a Comfortable Home Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio Convenient Terms CROOK'S "THE BEST PLACE TO BUY AFTER ALL" Green Helps Open London Hospiul/,j London.—AFL President William Green found participation in the opening exercises of the Clapham Park Rehabilitation of the most pleasant experiences of his recent visit to founding conference of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. The AFL and CIO contributed $250,000 for the purchase at the hospital site. Shown are an orthopedic instructor a new device to Julius Holmes, American minister to the Um tea Kingdom Harry Martin, president of the CIO American Newspaper Guild and- director of labor information for the Economic Coopera tion Administration in Europe, and Mr. Green. Ewing Sells Washington Writers 'f On National Health Insurance By DONALD WOODS Washington (LPA) In the greatest selling job ever done for national health insurance, Federal Security Administrator Oscar Ewing educated and convinced many Washington correspondents about the President’s program and the differences between it and the socialist program in Great Britain, before the National Press Club Jan. 26. Press club officers agreed Ewing had done a great educational job. Whether it will show up in the future press treatment of the Pres ident’s program depends primarily, of course, upon the attitude of newspaper publishers. But there is no question Ewing answered many of the questions and the doubts of the Washington writers. He discussed medical, education al and- social security programs throughout western Europe and Israel, as he had observed them on his trip abroad. Ewing reported his observations in Britain and Sweden had left him with no doubt that their health PRECEDING SPEAKER GIVES ‘SERMON’ FOR EWING TALK Washington (LPA)—Oscar Ewing got a big break in his appearance before the Nation al Press Club to sell President Truman’s health insurance plan. The club put on ahead of him, Robert M. Averill, a speaker for the March of Dimes, who told a dramatic I story of his own experience* when his wife was stricken with polio and had to be put into an iron lung. Averill said the cost of car ing for his wife had run be tween $1000 and $5000 a month for years, and pointed out that the March of Dimes had taken care of all the expense he could not afford, after paying what he could above the cost of sup porting his family. Ewing took advantage of that opportunity. He comment ed that Averill’s story was one Jf the best arguments for na tional health insurance he had ever heard. programs were part of their social ization programs. In England the government pays eight-ninths of the cost from general taxes, and the health program was “all part of the planning for a new economy and a new social structure.” “But that is not true in Switzer land or What President Truman has in mind,” Ewing added. “There are 65,000,000 people in this country who have incomes of less than $3000 a year and another 45,000, 000 with incomes between $3000 and $5000. The first group cannot pay for regular medical care, the second can’t afford to pay for catastrophic illness.” He said the President’s program was merely another way of financ ing our medical care through insur ance, and not a new cost. Differ entiating between our plan and the British, Ewing noted the British took over all the hospitals and they pay for all medicines. He said he saw no point in the first, and felt that on the second, all the plan should do is to remove “the dollar barrier” so that doctors can prescribe expensive medicines when they are called for. Ewing demolished the American Medical Association’s argument that the quality of medical care has deteriorated in Great Britain. He quoted Dr. Charles Hill, secretary of the British Medical Association, which corresponds to the AMA here as saying there had been no such deterioration. He quoted doc tors to the same effect. The questioning of Ewing was unusually pertinent and sharp. He conceded nearly all British doctors had gripes about the way the pro gram there was working, but said in talking to doctors selected for him by the British Medical Asso ciation he had found none who didn’t think it was a good thing, and only one who would turn back if he could. That one, he said, agreed that his objections to the British plan were not present in the- American program. One questioner suggested that if the program were adopted here within a few years everyone would belong. He said that while doctors THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHTCT might be free to stay out,/‘who would feed them?” “I don’t know that we have any obligation to feed doctors who want to stay out,” Ewing replied. The audience roared. Asked how American doctors had become so ill-informed on the Bri tish and the American programs, Ewing ducked the obvious reply that the AMA was responsible, but merely commented that less than 10 per cent of American doctors understood the President’s proposal and a smaller percentage than that knew the facts on the British plan. The British Medical Association, Ewing replied to a questionner, is supporting the British medical pro gram in contrast with the attitude of the AMA here. Asked how far we could go “without bankrupting the country,” Ewing replied that sounded like an NAM question. But he added that the American proposal was nothing but a plan for forced savings to pay for medcial care, which had nothing to do with bankruptcy. The club roared as Ewing was asked if he was interested in the Democratic nomination for Gover nor of New York, a charge made by his political foes. Ewing replied that he was “not a candidate for anything”, that he had his hands full already. Universal Social Security Would Cut Public Costs Washington (LPA) The men and women who operate state and local public welfare departments are enthusiastically for a “univer sal, adequate contributory system” of social security, even though it will do them out of thdir jobs. Luola Dunn, director of the Am erican Public Welfare Ass’n, told the Senate Finance Committee, holding hearings on the House-ap proved social security bill (HR 6000) that if Congress passes the measure “we can definitely look forward to the time when public assistance rolls and public assist ance costs will begin to diminish. No one will be happier than we when that time comes.” The constantly increasing num ber of people on public relief rolls, Miss Dunn said, “is a measure of our failure as a nation to prevent dependency.” She called for exten sion of coverage beyond that of HR 6C60 to “all working people”, and stressed the fact that agricul tural workers would continue to press for unsound pension pro grams like the Townsend plan be cause they didn’t have the benefits of a contributory insurance plan. The American Public Welfare Ass’n backs proposals for insur ance against permanent and total disability, citing the fact that over 750,000 of the people receiving federally-aided public assistance are needy because of disability, and another 300,000 are on general re lief rolls for the same reason. The ideal provision in federal law’, Miss Dunn said, would be to broaden the social security program to cov er “all those who are needy be cause of disability,” since “the most constructive investment of public assistance funds can often be made in the early stages of ill ness or disability when preventive or curative measures are the most possible.” Miss L|unn was scheduled to be followed by spokesmen for many individual state public assistance departments. She testified during the second week of hearings, which are expected to extend well into February, on the House bill, first major re-styling of the social se curity program since it was initi ated in 1937. Strikebound Paper Hires Scabs Little Rock, Ark. (LPA)—The Arkansas Gazette held out against striking members of the American Newspaper Guild from Dec. 30 to Jan. 16 and then began hiring scabs, A NG spokesmen revealed in their strike paper. They said the Gazette was “sacrificing its spirit on the altar of the Almighty Dollar.” Emergency Near In Coal Dispute Truman Is Told Waningtoh (LPA) President Truman was advised the evening of Jan. 24, by Director James Boyd of the Federal Bureau of Mine*, that “unless there is an immediate resumption of substantially in creased coal production the nation al economy, health and welfare of the nation is now or soon would be imperiled.” The president now may seek an 80-day injunction against the em battled United Mine Worker und the national emergency provisions of the Taft-Hartley act, provide*I a board of inquiry supports the finding that a coal crisis impends. And he may, as Senator Humphrey (D, Minn.) suggested, seize ti e mines and place them under fed eral operation. Under questioning by Senators Humphrey and Herbert Lehman (D-Liberal, NY) when Boyd ap peared Jan. 25 before the Senate Labor Committee, it was brought out that Boyd has been keeping the White House informed regularly on the state of the nation’s coal sup ply, and that only on Jan. 24 was the condition considered serious. When a group of Republican Sen ators introduced a resolution order ing the President to find a state of emergency Jan. 11, Boyd said he didn’t think the facts would have backed up their assertion. While in previous crises the Bureau of Mines has received large numbers of letters from individual consumers complaining about coal shortages, Boyd said that to date he has received no report of per sonal suffering caused by the coal strike. Ail complaints so far have come from retail coal dealers, he observed, Humphrey added that he had received none either, though winters are severe in his state. Humphrey brought out the fact that more coal was delivered in the September through December per iod in 1948 than in the correspond ing months in 1948—39,475,000 tons compared with 28,640,000 tons in the previous year. He also pointed out that Boyd’s own testi mony was that there has been a substantial replacement of coal burning furnaces with oil—and gas-burning equipment, so that this supply would go further. The Minnesota Senator was especially critical of the Captive coal mine owners, w’hom he called “particularly recalcitrant.” US Steel’s dividend statement, and the recent profits report of the M. A. Hanna steel and coal interests, one of the largest coal producers in the country, give the lie to any claims that they can’t afford to settle what Humphrey pointed out “ori ginated as a labor dispute.” News and Views efi pu die He bitterly attacked Republican sponsors of the resolution aimed at the President. “I’m not taking up the cudgels for John L. Lewis,” he said, “but I think the people of the country ought to be informed that the miners are ready to go to work if they can get a contract and at this time coal industry pro fits are among the highest on re cord.” The criticism of the President for not using the T-H emergency powers “is not founded on fact but on wishful thinking” and some GOP Senators “have been trying to make political hay,” Humphrey charged. If the emergency is real, he ad ded at this point, he might suggest to the President that the govern ment take over the mines, rather than subject the miners to “the iniquitous injunction” which “would again push down a group of men who for generations have been oppressed.” Green, Murray, Other Top Labor Leaders Back Dinners For Roosevelt Washington (LPA) Eight top union leaders—AFL, CIO and inde pendent head labor’s participa tion in the second annual Roose velt Day Dinners in 18 cities. The first dinner was held Jan. 21 in Chattanooga, Tpnn. The last two were scheduled for Jan. 30, FDR’s birthday, in Columbus, Ohio, and Baltimore, Md. Philip Murray, president of the CIO, and William Green, president of the AFL, are vice-chairmen of the Nat’l Committee for Roogevelt Day. Co-chairman of the national labor committee supporting FDR Day are David Dubinsky, president of the Int’l Ladies Garment Work ers Union-AFL Hugo Ernst, pre sident of the Hotel & Restaurant Workers-AFL Al Hayes, president of the Int’l Ass’n of Machinists W. P. Kennedy, president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen Walter Reuther, president of the United Auto Workers-ClO and Emil Rieve, president of the Textile Workers-ClO. Co-chairmen of the Nat’l Com mittee for Roosevelt Day are Gov. Chester Bowles of Connecticut, Sen. Herbert Lehman of New York and playwright Robert E. Sher wood. Dinners are sponsored by Americans for Democratic Action. Ask for Union Labeled merchan* diw. .... By ALEXANDER S. LIPSETT, (Aa ILNS Feature) Fr^lard’" polit:'al pot i- boiling1®’ to juJgp fiom rep-xts on the elec tion campaign now getting under way. Among the ir.-t charge fired v. re -p-a-chm- by rb» rt rri „uii, Lubor g'/vcmnn ox leader in the House rf Commons, and Sir Stafford Cripps, chancellor of the exchequer—two of th*- abb -it men modern England has produced. Herbert Morrison, tonjrh cockney that h- is, poM-'i the I *•. 23 el*-- tion as “a straight choice between a Labor government ar,| a Con servative government, bftwren the constructive and progress.-, e Left ai the dithering and reactionary Right, between the nation and the intercats the fafr.*-r of British aur*nrity, ending wi- rvatism “the deati warmi.*. of democracy,” and liberalism “a form of individualist economics as dead as the dodo,” stressed the natiorui,'zai'on of es sential industry as absolutely es sential for a successful planned economy.” Naturally, there was more to the ad* tresses of His Majesty’s gov ernment leaders—Prime Minister Attlee has still to be heard from —‘han mere reiteration and de nun .ations. Through both speeches ran the thin thread of appease ment, the effort to pacify labor’s rebellious elements and to retain the support of middle class voters without whom labor cannot hope to win. True, less than one-fifth of the national economy is affatd by nationalization mi-a-urri, but the ir istr far ir Imh* th- prin cipal industrial and Lmmmal bas tions of Great Britain. To be spec ific banking and credit, coal, elec tric pov*r, pa-, ii’and transport ation, u.d uaiimnn-at .w*s, with steel and iron to follow if I^abor is returned to power. Nominally 86 percent of British bu.-in*s.- remain in private hands, Lui they depend on government for services* ma terials, even the capital they need. Or has been said elsewhere: Theo retic a’’y thr little t-Hn-ssimn will not L~ socxa.l-zud, Lui he a..oht a.-, well be. Labor’s cat* piign offers the Con servatives gr at opport unities, but it ha. 'Heaps as v *11. The Con servative party may draw hope and o o o o o o These bi-directional maneuvers are sharply underscored by a Labor party manr*-*»to, entitled, “Let Us Win Through Together.” While pledging the nationalization of only few industries, the campaign paper bases its main appeal on the pro mise to maintain full employment, economic stability, low prices, so cial security, and a fair share for all—in other words everything for everybody. It also forecasts the establishment of public pilot enter prises in competition with private business, “if the latter does not meet the public interest.” o o o Of course the Labor party pro pagandists cannot have their social ized cake and eat it too. The ef forts of Mr. Attlee and his collea gues to consolidate Labor’s vast so cial and economic gains of the past four and a half years should go well with the British electorate, many of whom are afraid of new experiments with their attendant cost but the attempt to paint-the na ionalization program as a mere iciency measure and lull the ►lie into complacency is contra ted by the facts. SEND THE CHILDREN TO SCHOOL THE SAFE WAY! tectors WATER with AW&WK GASWtf&NSMER Plenty of hot water always—without delay—for every purpose. HOT WATER FASTER QUICKER RECOVERY COSTS LESS TO OPERATE TAKES UP LESS SPACE See the tew models now at your Gat Appliance Dealer’s or your Gas Com pany office. LIBERAL TERMS. o o o THE MANUFACTURERS LIGHT & HEAT CO VALLEY MOTOR BUS Send the children to school by Motor Coach instruct them in the rules of good conduct and the necessity of be ing prompt, also to catch the special School Coach so the workers and shoppers will have adequate trans portation. We don't mean to preach but we take our responsibility ser i ou sly. Valley Motor Transit Co PAGBFIVB comfort from restlessness in labor, ranks and the revolt of powerful unions against the wage freezing' system approved last week it is W Icn hope nt best. Herbert Mor ri --n's taunting label “The Conner* vatives say they fought for social) security. Against whom? Who was' i- istlng?” is likely to stick. Norf ..uve the British people forgotten^: the bleak years of poverty and un employment, to which as the manifesto argues—the Tories “pro of privilege and apostles of «arcity economics” would drag them back. It will be interesting to watcb ti n tentative party’s campaign aitd convolutions in the coming we» ks. No doubt, Mr. Churchills’ oratory will be as brilliant as ever, hi-i shafts deadly and amusing, but whethef he and the men cur-1 rounding him can lift the Conser vative party back into power is open to doubt. ........... Demand the Union LabaL oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 1.