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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 02, 1950, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-02-02/ed-1/seq-5/

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Thursday, February 2, 1950T
Labor, Management Form Nat’l Group
To Fight Destructive Tariff Slashes
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
vRepresentatives of labor and man
|)tigement in 17 industries, meeting
at the Mayflower Hotel here,
launched a nation-wide mobiliza
tion against destructive tariff cuts
on products competing with some
American industries.
The meeting also deaided to con
duct a study of the effects of the
ECA import program and recipro
cal trade agreements on U. S. in
dustry, with the aim of obtaining
facts on which a fair and just for
eign trade policy can be based. At
the same time, the conference em
phasized that it supported the
Marshall Plan and ECA program.
To put its decisions into effect,
the delegates formed the National
Labor-Management Committee on
Foreign Trade Policy. Sixteen
trade unions were represented.
They were brought together by
America’s Wage Earners’ Protec
tive Conference, of which Matthew
Woll is president. The conference
is composed of AFL unions.
All Sections Represented
Among the industries and labor
groups at the meeting were repre
sentatives from the fisheries, glass
ware, glove, aluminum, pottery,
wallpaper, match, photoengraving,
kaolin, hats and millinery, glass
container, scientific apparatus,
book manufacturers, cedar shingle,
hothouse vegetable, and fish can
ning industries. Among the labor
A representatives attending were
presidents of national and interna
tional unions speaking for well
over 1,000 local unions throughout
the country.
A large number of representa
tives of companies and industrial
associations in the above indus
tries were also present. Delegates
came from all sections of the coun
try including the Atlantic and Pac
ific Coasts.
Following the me-ting, 0. R.
Strackbein, executive secretary of
the protective conference, issued
a statement in which he said:
“The meeting was sponsored and
called by labor and management
interests who are adversely affect
ed by the rising tide of imports
from foreign countries in Europe
and other parts of the world. It
was pointed out that such threats
would be increased as a result of
the contemplated further decrease
in import duties.
“A steering committee was to
be designated consisting of repre
sentatives of management and
labor in all participating industries.
It was announced that invitations
to participate would be extended to
all labor and management groups
in all of the various industries ad
versely affected by the mounting
competition from foreign importa
happy ending
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Aid Programs Supported
“It was stressed that the confer
ence supported the basic purposes
of the Marshall Plan and the Ad
ministration's ECA program as a
vitaf weapon in the war against
Communism in the world today.
“However, it was further stress
ed that factual surveys and search
ing investigations should be con
ducted in all affected industries so
that the President and the State
Department would have the pertin
ent and relevant data on the basis
of which foreign trade policy pro
visions could be equitably deter
“It was further stated that sub
stantial alleviation of many cur
rent crises in domestic industries
could and must be accomplished
within the framework of the exist
ing American foreign trade policy
designed to destroy the threat of
encroaching Communism in Europe
and elsewhere.”
Biemiller Clears
Away AMA's Fag
Washington (LPA) All that
the American Medical Association
is doing by its $5,000,000 campaign
against national health insurance
is to throw up a screen of artifi
cial fog to obscure the real facts,
Rep. Andrew Biemiller (D, Wis.)
told the legislative conference of
the Brotherflood of Railway &
Steamship Clerks here Jan. 19.
He called on the AMA to set
forth the facts about the differ
ences between the British health
program and the health insurance
proposal now before the Congress.
“They reveal their ignorance of
what national health insurance
really is,” Biemiller said of the
doctors, “when they use the Eng
lish system as a basis of compar
ison. Compulsory health insurance
is not even directly comparably to
socialized medicine.”
“All specialists and hospitals are
under the direct control of the cen
tral government in England,” Bie
miller explained. “We propose no
thing of the kind here.”
“Only the advertising agency
now fronting for the AMA would
attempt to confuse people by using
the word socialism,” said Biemill
er. He referred to Whitaker &
Baxter, the firm being paid $100,
000 a year 1 the doctors to put
on a high-pressure drive to block
health insurance, federal aid to
medical schools, federal aid for
school children’s health services,
and all other measures to remove
what Biemiller called “the dollar
bill that stands between the doc
tors and a healthy America.”
Probe of Lever
Bros. To Proceed
Washington (LPA) Resigna
tion of Charles Luckman as pres
ident of Lever Bros. Co.—one of
the big three which dominate the
soap and related industries here—
will not stop plans of the House
Monopoly Committee to hear him
in February, Chairman Emanuel
Celler (D, N. Y.) announced. “The
subcommittee desires to find out
to what extent products manufac
tured, distributed and used in our
country are affected by this huge
cartel” which has ties with Uni
lever Ltd. in Great Britain and
Unilever N. V. in the Netherlands,
as well as in many other nations,
Celler asserted. He’s especially in
terested in finding out how prices
of soap and related products, in
cluding oleomargarine, are affect
ed by the cartel operations.
No reason has yet been given by
Luckman for his sudden resigna
tion, except that he had disagree
ments involving policy with other
Lever Bros, and Unilever officials.
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and AU Furnishings
To Make a House a Comfortable Home
Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio
Convenient Terms
Green Helps Open London Hospiul/,j
London.—AFL President William Green found participation in
the opening exercises of the Clapham Park Rehabilitation
of the most pleasant experiences of his recent visit to
founding conference of the International Confederation of Free Trade
Unions. The AFL and CIO contributed $250,000 for the purchase at
the hospital site. Shown are an orthopedic instructor
a new device to Julius Holmes, American minister to the Um tea
Kingdom Harry Martin, president of the CIO American Newspaper
Guild and- director of labor information for the Economic Coopera
tion Administration in Europe, and Mr. Green.
Ewing Sells Washington Writers 'f
On National Health Insurance
Washington (LPA) In the
greatest selling job ever done for
national health insurance, Federal
Security Administrator Oscar
Ewing educated and convinced
many Washington correspondents
about the President’s program and
the differences between it and the
socialist program in Great Britain,
before the National Press Club
Jan. 26.
Press club officers agreed Ewing
had done a great educational job.
Whether it will show up in the
future press treatment of the Pres
ident’s program depends primarily,
of course, upon the attitude of
newspaper publishers. But there is
no question Ewing answered many
of the questions and the doubts of
the Washington writers.
He discussed medical, education
al and- social security programs
throughout western Europe and
Israel, as he had observed them on
his trip abroad.
Ewing reported his observations
in Britain and Sweden had left him
with no doubt that their health
Washington (LPA)—Oscar
Ewing got a big break in his
appearance before the Nation
al Press Club to sell President
Truman’s health insurance
plan. The club put on ahead of
him, Robert M. Averill, a
speaker for the March of
Dimes, who told a dramatic
I story of his own experience*
when his wife was stricken
with polio and had to be put
into an iron lung.
Averill said the cost of car
ing for his wife had run be
tween $1000 and $5000 a month
for years, and pointed out that
the March of Dimes had taken
care of all the expense he could
not afford, after paying what
he could above the cost of sup
porting his family.
Ewing took advantage of
that opportunity. He comment
ed that Averill’s story was one
Jf the best arguments for na
tional health insurance he had
ever heard.
programs were part of their social
ization programs. In England the
government pays eight-ninths of
the cost from general taxes, and
the health program was “all part
of the planning for a new economy
and a new social structure.”
“But that is not true in Switzer
land or What President Truman has
in mind,” Ewing added. “There are
65,000,000 people in this country
who have incomes of less than
$3000 a year and another 45,000,
000 with incomes between $3000
and $5000. The first group cannot
pay for regular medical care, the
second can’t afford to pay for
catastrophic illness.”
He said the President’s program
was merely another way of financ
ing our medical care through insur
ance, and not a new cost. Differ
entiating between our plan and the
British, Ewing noted the British
took over all the hospitals and
they pay for all medicines. He said
he saw no point in the first, and
felt that on the second, all the
plan should do is to remove “the
dollar barrier” so that doctors can
prescribe expensive medicines
when they are called for.
Ewing demolished the American
Medical Association’s argument
that the quality of medical care has
deteriorated in Great Britain. He
quoted Dr. Charles Hill, secretary
of the British Medical Association,
which corresponds to the AMA
here as saying there had been no
such deterioration. He quoted doc
tors to the same effect.
The questioning of Ewing was
unusually pertinent and sharp. He
conceded nearly all British doctors
had gripes about the way the pro
gram there was working, but said
in talking to doctors selected for
him by the British Medical Asso
ciation he had found none who
didn’t think it was a good thing,
and only one who would turn back
if he could. That one, he said,
agreed that his objections to the
British plan were not present in
the- American program.
One questioner suggested that if
the program were adopted here
within a few years everyone would
belong. He said that while doctors
might be free to stay out,/‘who
would feed them?”
“I don’t know that we have any
obligation to feed doctors who want
to stay out,” Ewing replied. The
audience roared.
Asked how American doctors had
become so ill-informed on the Bri
tish and the American programs,
Ewing ducked the obvious reply
that the AMA was responsible, but
merely commented that less than
10 per cent of American doctors
understood the President’s proposal
and a smaller percentage than that
knew the facts on the British plan.
The British Medical Association,
Ewing replied to a questionner, is
supporting the British medical pro
gram in contrast with the attitude
of the AMA here.
Asked how far we could go
“without bankrupting the country,”
Ewing replied that sounded like an
NAM question. But he added that
the American proposal was nothing
but a plan for forced savings to
pay for medcial care, which had
nothing to do with bankruptcy.
The club roared as Ewing was
asked if he was interested in the
Democratic nomination for Gover
nor of New York, a charge made
by his political foes. Ewing replied
that he was “not a candidate for
anything”, that he had his hands
full already.
Universal Social
Security Would
Cut Public Costs
Washington (LPA) The men
and women who operate state and
local public welfare departments
are enthusiastically for a “univer
sal, adequate contributory system”
of social security, even though it
will do them out of thdir jobs.
Luola Dunn, director of the Am
erican Public Welfare Ass’n, told
the Senate Finance Committee,
holding hearings on the House-ap
proved social security bill (HR
6000) that if Congress passes the
measure “we can definitely look
forward to the time when public
assistance rolls and public assist
ance costs will begin to diminish.
No one will be happier than we
when that time comes.”
The constantly increasing num
ber of people on public relief rolls,
Miss Dunn said, “is a measure of
our failure as a nation to prevent
dependency.” She called for exten
sion of coverage beyond that of
HR 6C60 to “all working people”,
and stressed the fact that agricul
tural workers would continue to
press for unsound pension pro
grams like the Townsend plan be
cause they didn’t have the benefits
of a contributory insurance plan.
The American Public Welfare
Ass’n backs proposals for insur
ance against permanent and total
disability, citing the fact that over
750,000 of the people receiving
federally-aided public assistance
are needy because of disability, and
another 300,000 are on general re
lief rolls for the same reason. The
ideal provision in federal law’, Miss
Dunn said, would be to broaden
the social security program to cov
er “all those who are needy be
cause of disability,” since “the
most constructive investment of
public assistance funds can often
be made in the early stages of ill
ness or disability when preventive
or curative measures are the most
Miss L|unn was scheduled to be
followed by spokesmen for many
individual state public assistance
departments. She testified during
the second week of hearings, which
are expected to extend well into
February, on the House bill, first
major re-styling of the social se
curity program since it was initi
ated in 1937.
Strikebound Paper Hires Scabs
Little Rock, Ark. (LPA)—The
Arkansas Gazette held out against
striking members of the American
Newspaper Guild from Dec. 30 to
Jan. 16 and then began hiring
scabs, A NG spokesmen revealed
in their strike paper. They said
the Gazette was “sacrificing its
spirit on the altar of the Almighty
Emergency Near
In Coal Dispute
Truman Is Told
Waningtoh (LPA) President
Truman was advised the evening
of Jan. 24, by Director James Boyd
of the Federal Bureau of Mine*,
that “unless there is an immediate
resumption of substantially in
creased coal production the nation
al economy, health and welfare of
the nation is now or soon would be
The president now may seek an
80-day injunction against the em
battled United Mine Worker und
the national emergency provisions
of the Taft-Hartley act, provide*I
a board of inquiry supports the
finding that a coal crisis impends.
And he may, as Senator Humphrey
(D, Minn.) suggested, seize ti e
mines and place them under fed
eral operation.
Under questioning by Senators
Humphrey and Herbert Lehman
(D-Liberal, NY) when Boyd ap
peared Jan. 25 before the Senate
Labor Committee, it was brought
out that Boyd has been keeping the
White House informed regularly on
the state of the nation’s coal sup
ply, and that only on Jan. 24 was
the condition considered serious.
When a group of Republican Sen
ators introduced a resolution order
ing the President to find a state
of emergency Jan. 11, Boyd said he
didn’t think the facts would have
backed up their assertion.
While in previous crises the
Bureau of Mines has received large
numbers of letters from individual
consumers complaining about coal
shortages, Boyd said that to date
he has received no report of per
sonal suffering caused by the coal
strike. Ail complaints so far have
come from retail coal dealers, he
observed, Humphrey added that he
had received none either, though
winters are severe in his state.
Humphrey brought out the fact
that more coal was delivered in the
September through December per
iod in 1948 than in the correspond
ing months in 1948—39,475,000
tons compared with 28,640,000 tons
in the previous year. He also
pointed out that Boyd’s own testi
mony was that there has been a
substantial replacement of coal
burning furnaces with oil—and
gas-burning equipment, so that this
supply would go further.
The Minnesota Senator was
especially critical of the Captive
coal mine owners, w’hom he called
“particularly recalcitrant.” US
Steel’s dividend statement, and the
recent profits report of the M. A.
Hanna steel and coal interests, one
of the largest coal producers in the
country, give the lie to any claims
that they can’t afford to settle
what Humphrey pointed out “ori
ginated as a labor dispute.”
News and Views
He bitterly attacked Republican
sponsors of the resolution aimed at
the President. “I’m not taking up
the cudgels for John L. Lewis,”
he said, “but I think the people of
the country ought to be informed
that the miners are ready to go to
work if they can get a contract
and at this time coal industry pro
fits are among the highest on re
The criticism of the President
for not using the T-H emergency
powers “is not founded on fact but
on wishful thinking” and some
GOP Senators “have been trying
to make political hay,” Humphrey
If the emergency is real, he ad
ded at this point, he might suggest
to the President that the govern
ment take over the mines, rather
than subject the miners to “the
iniquitous injunction” which “would
again push down a group of men
who for generations have been
Green, Murray, Other
Top Labor Leaders Back
Dinners For Roosevelt
Washington (LPA) Eight top
union leaders—AFL, CIO and inde
pendent head labor’s participa
tion in the second annual Roose
velt Day Dinners in 18 cities. The
first dinner was held Jan. 21 in
Chattanooga, Tpnn. The last two
were scheduled for Jan. 30, FDR’s
birthday, in Columbus, Ohio, and
Baltimore, Md.
Philip Murray, president of the
CIO, and William Green, president
of the AFL, are vice-chairmen of
the Nat’l Committee for Roogevelt
Day. Co-chairman of the national
labor committee supporting FDR
Day are David Dubinsky, president
of the Int’l Ladies Garment Work
ers Union-AFL Hugo Ernst, pre
sident of the Hotel & Restaurant
Workers-AFL Al Hayes, president
of the Int’l Ass’n of Machinists
W. P. Kennedy, president of the
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen
Walter Reuther, president of the
United Auto Workers-ClO and
Emil Rieve, president of the Textile
Co-chairmen of the Nat’l Com
mittee for Roosevelt Day are Gov.
Chester Bowles of Connecticut,
Sen. Herbert Lehman of New York
and playwright Robert E. Sher
wood. Dinners are sponsored by
Americans for Democratic Action.
Ask for Union Labeled merchan*
Fr^lard’" polit:'al pot i- boiling1®’
to juJgp fiom rep-xts on the elec
tion campaign now getting under
way. Among the ir.-t charge fired
v. re -p-a-chm- by rb» rt rri
„uii, Lubor g'/vcmnn ox leader in
the House rf Commons, and Sir
Stafford Cripps, chancellor of the
exchequer—two of th*- abb -it men
modern England has produced.
Herbert Morrison, tonjrh cockney
that h- is, poM-'i the I *•. 23 el*--
tion as “a straight choice between
a Labor government ar,| a Con
servative government, bftwren the
constructive and progress.-, e Left
ai the dithering and reactionary
Right, between the nation and the
intercats the fafr.*-r of British
aur*nrity, ending wi- rvatism “the
deati warmi.*. of democracy,” and
liberalism “a form of individualist
economics as dead as the dodo,”
stressed the natiorui,'zai'on of es
sential industry as absolutely es
sential for a successful planned
Naturally, there was more to
the ad* tresses of His Majesty’s gov
ernment leaders—Prime Minister
Attlee has still to be heard from
—‘han mere reiteration and de
nun .ations. Through both speeches
ran the thin thread of appease
ment, the effort to pacify labor’s
rebellious elements and to retain
the support of middle class voters
without whom labor cannot hope
to win.
True, less than one-fifth of the
national economy is affatd by
nationalization mi-a-urri, but the
ir istr far ir Imh* th- prin
cipal industrial and Lmmmal bas
tions of Great Britain. To be spec
ific banking and credit, coal, elec
tric pov*r, pa-, ii’and transport
ation, u.d uaiimnn-at .w*s, with
steel and iron to follow if I^abor
is returned to power. Nominally 86
percent of British bu.-in*s.- remain
in private hands, Lui they depend
on government for services* ma
terials, even the capital they need.
Or has been said elsewhere: Theo
retic a’’y thr little t-Hn-ssimn will
not L~ socxa.l-zud, Lui he a..oht a.-,
well be.
Labor’s cat* piign offers the Con
servatives gr at opport unities, but
it ha. 'Heaps as v *11. The Con
servative party may draw hope and
o o
These bi-directional maneuvers
are sharply underscored by a Labor
party manr*-*»to, entitled, “Let Us
Win Through Together.” While
pledging the nationalization of only
few industries, the campaign paper
bases its main appeal on the pro
mise to maintain full employment,
economic stability, low prices, so
cial security, and a fair share for
all—in other words everything for
everybody. It also forecasts the
establishment of public pilot enter
prises in competition with private
business, “if the latter does not
meet the public interest.”
Of course the Labor party pro
pagandists cannot have their social
ized cake and eat it too. The ef
forts of Mr. Attlee and his collea
gues to consolidate Labor’s vast so
cial and economic gains of the past
four and a half years should go
well with the British electorate,
many of whom are afraid of new
experiments with their attendant
cost but the attempt to paint-the
na ionalization program as a mere
iciency measure and lull the
►lie into complacency is contra
ted by the facts.
Plenty of hot water always—without
delay—for every purpose.
See the tew models now at your Gat
Appliance Dealer’s or your Gas Com
pany office. LIBERAL TERMS.
o o o
Send the children to school by Motor
Coach instruct them in the rules of
good conduct and the necessity of be
ing prompt, also to catch the special
School Coach so the workers and
shoppers will have adequate trans
portation. We don't mean to preach
but we take our responsibility ser
i ou sly.
Valley Motor Transit Co
comfort from restlessness in labor,
ranks and the revolt of powerful
unions against the wage freezing'
system approved last week it is W
Icn hope nt best. Herbert Mor
ri --n's taunting label “The Conner*
vatives say they fought for social)
security. Against whom? Who was'
i- istlng?” is likely to stick. Norf
..uve the British people forgotten^:
the bleak years of poverty and un
employment, to which as the
manifesto argues—the Tories “pro­
of privilege and apostles of
«arcity economics” would drag
them back.
It will be interesting to watcb
ti n tentative party’s campaign
aitd convolutions in the coming
we» ks. No doubt, Mr. Churchills’
oratory will be as brilliant as ever,
hi-i shafts deadly and amusing,
but whethef he and the men cur-1
rounding him can lift the Conser
vative party back into power is
open to doubt.
Demand the Union LabaL

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