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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 16, 1950, Image 5

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Thur. Jay, FebruarsrlG, 1950
for the additional facilities propos
ed in this bill.” How phony Kreutz’s
figures really are was pointed out
by one Congressman. Kreutz had
compared housing “progress” in
Europe from 1939 to 1947, when
that continent was racked by World
War II, with the US during those
same years.
He also gave figures purporting
to “show” that plenty of loans are
now being made by local savings
and loan associations for moder
ate-priced homes, to middle-income
families. However, questioning
turned up the fact that a “substan
tial” number of these loans were
100% guaranteed by Veterans’
Administration, rather than being
made at the risk of the investor.
Further questioning brought out
hat what he called the average
Loaned was a “mid-point” in the in
dividual amounts loaned, not in
fact an average of all loans, and
therefore likely to be deceptive.
On one point, the Congressmen
were satisfied. Kreutz said he
wanted to make it clear the pav
ings and loan associations didn’t
consider cooperatives “socialistic”.
On the contrary, he pointed out
that many of the institutions he
represented were co-ops. Commit
tee members chuckled at the care
fully crossed-out sentence in his
testimony which had originally
said of the co-op program that “we
should be most hesitant about
adopting any of the European so
cialistic housing schemes.” When
read, it was: “we do not need to
look to Europe for new ideas on
housing.”
President Lawrence A. Epter of
the Mortgage Bankers Assn, of
New York, Inc., said his group
“strongly opposes” the co-op hous
ing law. Both he and the savings
and loan association man concen
trated their real fire on the pro
posal that the loans to co-ops carry
a three per cent interest rate, in
contrast with the four or five per
cent charged for private-profit
mortgages. There is no sign that
members of the House committee
who have attended the hearings
How to get to
EASY ST.
Easy street—a place of freedom
from financial cares and scene
of a secure future—isn’t hard to
find. Regular week-to-week sav
ings can put you there. The good
habit of putting a little aside
each week is really an easy habit
to form—and there never was a
better time to acquire it. Your
dollar will buy a lot more of
things you want on Easy Street
tomorrow if you’ll come in and
see us about a savings account
today.
SAVE now at
First National
Member FDIC
East Liverpool’s'Oldest Bank
Phone 914
for happier
SPENDING later
y-w -‘V-7 1
.-•' y,v. _• r.
Lenders Don't Like Idea Qf
Non-Profit Housing Bill
Washington (LPA)—Leave mat
rs as they are, and you’ll have
enty of housing
come families, two
for middle in
spokesmen for
the lending industry told the House
Banting committee at eo-op hous
ing bill hearings Feb. 6.
In a statement shot through with
contradictions—pointed up in ques
tioning by Reps. Brent Spence (D,
Ky.), Frank Buchanan (D, Pa.),
Charles Deane (D, NC), and Chase
Woodhouse (D, Conn.)—executive
manager Oscar R* Kreutz of the
Nat’l Savings and Loan League in
sisted “we arc well ahead of the
rest of the world and have no need
Nationwide Phone
Strike Postponed
Until February 24
Washington (LPA) The day
before the February 8 strike dead
line, Communications Workers of
America postponed for 16 days its
nationwide walkout against the
Bell Telephone system. The move
followed a request by Federal
Mediation and Conciliation Direct-
or Cyrus S. Ching for more time to
resolve the issue. Ching, in the
meantime, was tied up in the coal
dispute.
“We ngree that the dispute can
be ‘peaceably resolved’ through col
lective bargaining,” said CWA
President Joseph Bierne in announ
cing the union executive board’s
decision. Claiming that Bell had
been trying to settle the dispute in
the newspapers rather than at the
conference table, Bierne expressed
hope that “Mr. Ching, through his
personal intervention and his grave
concern for the interests of the
public, may be successful in get
ting the Bell System to do some
real collective bargaining.”
“The United States Bureau of
Labor Statistics, the Steel Fact
Finding Board, even the Nat’l As
sociation of Manufacturers, all
agree that telephone wages are
low, in terms'-of real wages fewer
than'they wire in 1939,” Bierne
declared. “Only the telephone com
pany management, intent on keep
ing wages at intolerable levels, in
sists that they are- good.”
New deadline for the phone
strike is Feb. 24.
Unions Protest Ship Transfer
Washington (LPA)—More than
30 pickets representing the Marine
Engineers Beneficial Ass’n and
three other maritime unions march
ed in front of the Maritime Com
mission here to protest the trans
fer of six American tankers to
Panamanian registry. The five
man commission voted four to one
to allow the Nat’l Bulk Carriers
Corp, to make the transfer, with
Commissioner Raymond McKeough
the sole dissenter. Transfer, effec
ted to save taxes, means the loss
of 300 jobs for American seamen,
an MEBA spokesman said. The
jobs will go to low-wage foreign
crews.
are impressed by their case.
Rep. Claude Rains (D, Ala.) said
plaintively to Kreutz that “you
people” have traditionally opposed
every forward step taken by the
Congress in encouraging home
building, and then in later years
you come in and tell us that we
did exactly the right thing. How
can we tell that next year you’re
not going to do this with this co
operative bill?”
Furniture—Stoves
K Bedding—Curtains
Drapery—Rugs—Carpets
Paint-Appliances
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and All Furnishings
To Make a House a Comfortable Home
Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio
Convenient Terms
CROOK’S
"THE BEST PLACE TO BUY AFTER AIL"
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Malaya
DOCTOR SHOES
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FLEXIBLE AND RIGID ARCH
STYLES IN OXFORDS AND
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(X-RAY FITTING)
Carries The Union Label
BENDHEIM’S
East Sixth Street
The employers’ spokesman also
urged maintaining the present
loophole for socalled “self-employ
ed” salesmen, which was put in the
bill by Rep. Bertram Gearhart (R,
Calff.) when he was a member of
the 80th Congress.
“The life insurance companies
are doing a commendable job” and
there is no need for the federal
social security system to provide
for a lump sum benefit to survi
vors as is now proposed, the Ill
inois of spokesman maintain
ed.
“Extending the coverage of the
law* to totally and permanently dis
abled persons meets with strong
opposition from Illinois business
men,” Sturdevant reported. He
said provision for “those who are
so unfortunate as to become per
manently and totally disabled rests
first with their families and sec
ondly with the communities and
states within which they reside.”
Phone Union Seeks
Gov’t Probe Of
Bell Advertising
Washington (LPA)—Communi
cations Workers of America, who
have delayed a nationwide strike
against the Bell Telephone System
to Feb. 24, have asked the Federal
Communications Commission and
48 state regulatory bodies to look
into the “anti-union advertising”
being placed in daily newspapers
throughout the country by the Bell
System.
CWA wants the regulatory agen
cies to decide whether the advertis
ing is a “properly allowable oper
ating expense to be paid for by the
phone using public.”
“Telephone companies across the
country have obtained annual rate
increases since the end of the war
totalling $348,600,060,” CWA Pres
ident Joseph Beirne wrote to the
49 boards. “It is high time state
and federal rate^making bodies
called a halt to the Bell System’s
campaign to jack up rates, wftile
at the same time they spend much
of the money they get from the
public in higher rates on a' high
pressure advertising campaign.
In California, in an NLRB elec-
‘W
vss- ^ysr1- C” .'A'4
CHRYSLER STRIKERS GIVE: BLOOD—With no picketing duty'in
the Chrysler strike of United Auto Work. ”8, worker^ use th ir leisure
to donate blood. Above, group from Lc 390. Hix' land Paik plant,
set up blood bank for Red Cross. Shown, Nurse Eleanor Buck giving
Ted Rokecke type test before he ma :es his blood donation.
Illinois Chamber
Opposes Liberal
Social Security
Appearing before the Senate
Finance committee, Richard D.
Sturdevant supported extension of
coverage of old age insurance, but
conditioned it upon cutting and
eventually stopping altogether,
federal payments for old age as
sistance.
The of has another condi
tion, too. And it is the tipoff to
their whole “iffy” attitude on so
cial security. They want to make
sure that any improvements in
coverage or benefits under the old
age and survivors’ program won’t
be a precedent for improving cov
erage* and benefits under the state
jobless insurance programs.
To the provision in the House
approved bill which would increase
the amount of salary on which
taxes would be collected from $3060
to $3600, Sturdevant said “perhaps
the most forceful argument against
increasing the taxable base to
$3600 is the effect such action
would have on the state unemploy
ment compensation laws,” which
would be to “force an unneeded in
crease in unemployment compensa
tion tax»*s.” This runs directly con
trary to the facts presented by
union spokesmen, who support an
even higher tax cut-off point, and
who have found in state after
state that the unemployment com
pensation funds are barely enough
to cover brief and localized unem
ployment crises such as have been
experienced during the past year.
es his blood donation.
THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OTHO
Jersey Doctors?
Offer The Same
Old Medicine
the
or
111-
Washington (LPA)—One of
most powerful state business
ganizations in the country, the
inois State Chamber of Commerce,
has led off the stone-age employer
groups which still oppose any real
ly adequate federal system of so
cial security.
Newark. N. J. (LPA) With
great fanfare, the Medical Society
of New Jersey has launched a
‘plan’’ for a “cooperative health
insurance program” designed to de
feat President Truman’s national
health insurance program. Analy
sis indicates it is the same old
medicine—health insurance ad min
istered by doctors and insurance
companies, rather than consumers.
Under the New Jersey plan, gov
ernment would be asked to contri
bute to financing health insurance
through existing Blue Cross, Blue
Shield, or other programs, inclu
ding those of private insurance
companies, but control would re
main where it is today—in private
hands, chiefly controlled by doc
tors.
One way the government would
help subsidize such plans would be
through income tax deductions—
which of course would not reach
down to many of the families need
ing such help most—the families
below the income tax level.
In one respect the New Jersey
plan represents an advance over
the current stand of the American
Medical Association. It includes
provision for increasing the num
ber of doctors and other profess
ional personnel through govern
ment subsidies to expand medical
schools. The AMA has been oppos
ing a bill o^ this kind in Congress,
a
ii
I has questioned the need lor
more doctors.
Anti-Bloc Wins
First Victory
i Washington (LPA)—The Celler
monopoly investigation has yielded
its first “legislative” dividends—
an agreement with the Justice De
partment to report to Congress
promptly on every consent decree
settlement of anti-trust cases.
This was a major triumph for
Rep. Kenneth Keating (R, NY),
who found his bill to that effect
“passed” in record breaking time.
Assistant Attorney General Berg
son was called to testify on Keat
ing’s bill. He objected violently,
but before the day was out he was
agreeing to do, without legislation,
just what Keating wanted.
The Celler Committee abandon
ed its hearings, and closed the case.
Chairman Celler (D, NY) remark
ed Bergson’s agreement would
have “the effect of law,” because
once the policy was established
future attorneys-general would find
it difficult to change.
This is a major gain for the anti
monopoly forces on Capitol Hill,
who have been highly critical of
some of the consent decree settle
ments worked out in years gone
by with the big monopolists. Under
the agreement all consent decree
settlements will be promptly re
ported to Congress so that the pub
lic and Congress can judge wheth
er or not they have resulted in
“selling out” the public.
Bergson strongly defended the
procedure- of settling anti-trust
cases by consent decrees—which
amount to court-approved agree
ments between the Justice Depart
ment and the defendant. He said
they facilitated trial of anti-trust
cases and that without them a
much bigger staff would be re
quired to enforce the anti-trust
laws even to the degree they are
now enforced.
Bergson contended that consent
judgments were settlements “in the
public interest” and not compro
mises, as many critics have con
tended. He said the Justice Depart
ment would not agree to them un
less it was satisfied they were good
settlements from the public stand
point.
The Keating bill, Bergson felt,
would require such detailed reports
that it would hampre anti-tryst
enforcement. But’he readily agreed
to submit to the Committee regul
arly all the material that goes to
the courts in anti-trust settlements.
tion at the non-Bell Associated
Telephone Co. of Southern Cali
fornia, employes voted 1916
CWA, 694 for IBEW, and 209
“no union”.
Boss Favors Only
Minimum Aid In
Social Security
Washington (LPA) What one
Srnn*or called the ‘first hieh brass
employer” to tell the Sen.He Fin
ance Committee his views on social
security extension was heard Jan.
31, when Tr a n *r Marion B. Fol
som of Eastman Kodak Co. appear
ed before the group.
Expressing the views of most
employers, Folsom urgently ap
pealed for quick action to raise old
age and sun Ivors*, insurance bene
fits, but attacked other provisions
of the House-approved HR 6000.
He proposed that industry and
government together aim at pro
viding “a combined annuity from
government and private plans” of
about 50 per cent of pay for lower
income workers, around *45 per cent
for middle income workers, and
“lower percentages for the higher
salary groups.” The House bill
would provide for about that level,
he said, and “would go a long way
toward meeting the pension pro
blem of companies located in some
sections of the country and in small
cities and towns where livjng costs
are lower.”
However, he conceded that
unions will still have to bargain for
pensions, since “in large industrial
centers, supplementary benefits for
the higher paid factory worker will
be necessary.” Folsom said the
government annuities should cover
only “minimum protection to pre
vent dependency.” Even the Bri
tish Labor government’s program
goes only that far, he observed,
leaving the rest to employers.
When Sen. Milliken (R, Colo.) said
raising benefits might just lead to
a new series of strikes for higher
pensions, Folsom indicated he
thought unions would turn to other
demands because companies would
n’t agree to more costly pension
plans now.
Most older employer pension
plans are non-contributory, ques
tioning brought out, though social
security experts say that only
to 2 million workers were covered
by such plan until about a year
ago. Since then, and in current ne
gotiations, some 8 to 10 million
workers are involved. Most of these
newer contracts would relieve the
employer of par£ of the burden, if
federal insurance benefits w’ere
raised, which explains the employ
er spokesman’s emphasis on speed
in passing HR 6000.
Here are Folsom’s proposals on
old age and survivors’ insurance:
1—Extend coverage to all those
gainfully employed who are not
now covered.
2—Make it possible for workers
now reaching the retirement age
to get benefits even though they’re
not now eligible because of changes
in the law.
3—Keep the base for taxes to be
paid, and benefits calculated, at
$3CC0 instead of $3600. Organized
Union spokesmen will be heard
Feb. 14 through 17, when AFL and
CIO will each have two days to
present their views.
Green, Murray Ask Truman
Aid For Israel
Washington (LPA) President
William Green of the A FL and
President Philip Murray of the
CIO called upon President Tru
man at the White House Feb. 10 to
urge the cause of Israel. They ask
ed Truman to urge that aims ship
ments to Israel’s enemies be stop
ped, or failing, that Israel also be
permitted to purchase arms to re
sist aggression. They also pleaded
for American financial support.
The President took the matter
under advisement, Green and Mur
ray reported later.
Both the AFL and CIO have sent
committees to visit Israel, and both
groups support the Israeli labor
movement.
for
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Union Cites F"ct"
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Jerry P‘"“ I ill
Rid -field, N. J. (LPA)—The
1116,CC6,COO Ridgefield Park plant
of Continental Paper Co. will close,
and all stocks and supplies will be
sold, Company President William
J. Alford announced Feb. 6. He
blamed a seven-month strike by
Local 299, United Paperworkers.
Union officers branded the ann
ouncement as “the latest of his
(Alford’s) attempts to break the
union and the strike, and to black
jack the community into accepting
labor peace only at his dictated
price.” They said the union is will
ing to start negotiations on any
reasonable basis. Full crews and
seniority provisions are the two
main issues.
The contract expired June 1,
1949, and was being extended by
mutual agreement during negotia
tions. On July 2, the company fired
an employe with 23 years’ senior
ity and refused to discuss the grie
vance because they said there was
no contract. The union struck on
July 5. Now Alford declares he is
closing the mill because he can
reach no agreement with the union,
although federal mediators could
not get the company to bargain.
Newspaper stories on the plant’s
shutdown refer to a profit-sharing
plan, implying the 500 employes
were well off before they got ideas
about striking. This plan was insti
tuted by Alan Rucker, at'that time
head of the reactionary’ Tool Own
ers Union. PresidenV of the Tool
Owners now is Fred Hartley of
Taft-Hartley fame. The Rucker
plan, based on bonuses tied to the
price level of paperboard, went
into effect in August 1947. It
stopped paying off in the winter
of 1948. The family owning Con
tinental also owns the Thames
Paper Mills in. Britain, which Vin
cent Tewson, head of the British
Trades Union Congn-ss, has des
cribed as a long hold-out against
unionism.
Malay Unionists Fight Reds
Singapore, (LPA) Leaders of
the Malayan trade union movement
have asked all w'orkers to give full
support to the Malayan Peoples
Anti-Bandit month. Object of the
campaign is to enlist more popular
help against the Communists. The
Red victory in China has given new’
strength to the Malayan Commun
ists who already have resisted Bri
tish and Indian Gurkha troops
more than a year.
Win*
base even higher
11 -I 1 t. ..
labor asks for a
than $3600.
4—Recalculate
mula so that the
related in amount to past earnings,
to avoid resentment of higher-paid
workers who’d get less for their
payroll tax than would lower-paid
workers.
5—That recipients of annuities
be allowed to earn up to $50 a
month without losing benefits
earnings over $50 would be deduct
ed from benefits. No such earnings
test after age 70.
6—Contrary to recommendations
of organized labor, postponement
of the effective date of the tax in
crease to 2 per cent from Jan. 1,
1951, to Jan. 1, 1955.
7—To discourage using old age
assistance payments instead of in
surance benefits, no increase in the
formula for fsleral grants in
to the states for old age help.
the benefit for
benefits are more
aid
The Eastman Kodak official
posed any system of insurance for
workers permanently disabled.
Echoing the insurance companies’
arguments, Folsom said such pro
grams aren’t “actuarially sound”
and lead to malingering. Sen.
Francis Myers (D, Pa.) point'd out
that younger disabled workers, the
ones who need such benefits be
cause their families are still de
pendent on them, can often be re
habilitated. Myers supports a pro
gram of permanent and temporary
disability insurance, like that de
manded by the unions aifiJuy Pres
ident Truman.
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“THE DUV: MAN"
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“THE GOVERNMENT MAC
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Dnctod by ARD 1. If Produced by EDWIN H. KNOPI
A METRO-GOLDWYN MAYER PICTURE
Comment On
World Events
Thia column agrees with the
American Association for the Unit
ed Nations that Senator Brien Mc
Mahon’s proposed “crusade for
peace” is a possible b_.i* for
breaking of the east-west stalemate
on control of weapons of mass des
truction and of conventional arm
aments.
In its yearly statement of policy
issued by the AAL’N board of dir
ectors, their 12-point program was
highlighted by a recommendation
that the U. S. government “make
an immediate fresh effort, through
the United Nations, to secure an
agreement for the control of these
weapons and conventional arma
ments.”
The A A UN, whose statement of
policy has been forwarded to Wash
ington officials, will undertake
through its chapters, college affil
iates and cooperating national or
ganization.-, to urge support for
this kind of initiative toward world
wide peace guarantees. Comment
on JWorld Events believes that the
case for the proposed action is set
forth convincingly by the AAUN,
which is an educational organiza
tion devoted exclusively to building
of support behind the United Na
tion.-.
The as-ociation indicated its
welcome of Senator McMahon’s
proposals as a ba-ds upon which the
United States might take the load
toward a moral crusade for peace.
It reminded that these propossl*
offer a basis for action on three
levels: control of atomic energjr,
disarmament, and economic devel
opment, all of which the AAUN
has concerned itself with for many
months.
“We have no illusion as to the
difficulty of a new approach,” the
AAUN declared, in discussion of
the hydrogen bomb. “It will nec
essitate high statesmanship, equip
ped with patience and imagination.
There must be no sacrifice of the
principles of the Charter nor of the
well-being of any nation, in the
effort to secure an agreement.
Nevertheless, the effort must be
made to secure an agreement on
weapons ef mass destruction and
I
I
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r. ^7^
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''•■y v
PAGE FIVE
conventional weapons, and to ex
plore thro’in!i the United Nations
the pr.s-i!:uty an ngreonenfc
with S"\iet L’xiiua on uu.LsLih.Jl
ing 1 faculties.”
On the matter of the Austrian
peace tr-aly, the gr oip e\|-ie.-Sf)d
the hope that the I General As
sembly would be allwed the same
legislative authority that it had
on the qu iion of the Italian col
onies. In L’l9, the AAUN remind
ed, the General Assembly was able
to take an effective decision on the
future of these Italian colonies, de
spite Russian opposition.
The board declaration took note
of the problem of the Russian boy
cott of the UN due to the Chine io
situation by urgmtr that th** Uiated
States do ever. ing possible to
strengthen the UN.
“The United States,” it aid,
“should follow two policies in the
United Nations which are not mu
tually exclusive. It should make
the UN so strong that the settle
ment of difficulties would be urnl r
taken within its framework. At the
same time the LT. S. should make
the UN so strong that if contrary
to all efforts to maintain univer
sality, any nation refuses to parti
cipate, it will be able to continue
successfully without the participa
tion of that particular nation.”
PENNSYLVANIA DEM OCR A TIC
COMMITTEE FOR RHODLb
Reading, Pa. (LPA) Rep.
George Rhodes (D, Pa.), elected in
1948 from Berks county with the
backing of AFL, CIO and indepen
dent unions, has been endorsed for
re-election by the State Democratic
Con^nittee. The endorsement was
included in a |lanket pledge of sup
port for all tf the Democratic in
cumbents in Congress who seek re
election.
WIDNALL SUCCEEDS THOMAS
Hackensack, N. J. (LPA)—With
only 28 per cent of the registered
voters going to the polls, Republi
can William Widnall was elected to
Congress in a special election to
fill the vacancy left by J. Parnell
Thomas, now in a federal prison
for padding his payroll. Widnall
defeated his Democratic opponent,
George T. English, two to one.
New Jersey’s Seventh Congression
al District has sent Republicans to
Washington for the last 35 years.
Harrop’s New Inexpensive Kiln

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