OCR Interpretation

The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, February 23, 1950, Image 6

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-02-23/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

1 s
Labor Publications And The Daily
Press Battle Over News Coverage
For Labor Press Association
Washington (LPA) The labor
press’ challenge of the way the
daily newspapers handle the news
about big business, particularly the
profits of big business, is beginn
ing to get under the skin of the
daily newspaper editors—and they
are trying to fight back. But what
is more important, they are being
forced to carry the news they were
The break came when Labor
Press Association on Jan. 18 car
ried a full story on a report issued
by the Federal Trade Commission
showing" that in 1948 most big
corporations were making around
20’ per cent on their invested cap
ital, or more than twice what most
of them were making before the
Two days later LPA carried a
story exposing the way the daily
newspapers had ignored the FTC
story. The Colorado Labor Advo
cate, one of the best of the weekly
labor papers, played both stories
on its front page. The Denver Post,
edited by Palmer Hoyt, was upset.
It checked back on its Washington
Bureau and got the alibi that the
bureau had expected the press as
sociations to carry the story.
Hoyt then checked back and
found the AP had carried the story,
but only five paragraphs written
in such a dull fashion that it had
been overlooked. Nevertheless, to
cover up, he printed the AP story
a week late.
But Barnet Nover, Washington
correspondent of the Post, was not
satisfied. He wrote a long story for
the Post on Feb. 12, carried under
a three-column headline charging
the labor press with, in effect,
“faking” the story. He said it was
not news because it involved 1948
profits and it was now 1950. An
editorial in the Post the same day
charged the labor press with “mis
informing” its readers.
The Colorado Labor Advocate
appealed to LPA’s Washington
bureau for a report on Nover’s
story—was it news or wasn’t it
LPA replied with a story written
by Nathan Robertson, long consid
ered an authority among news
papermen on profits and other
economic subjects, quoting well
known figures among federal of
ficials and Washington correspond
ents that it was news, and big
news. Robertson reported that
Washington officials and news
papermen were “laughing" at
Nover’s alibi.
He quoted Richard S. Strout, of
the Christian Science Monitor,
long one of Washington’s ablest
and most respected economic writ
ers, as saying:
“This is exactly the kind of story
that should be big news from
Washington but isn’t because most
(Washington news) bureaus don’t
have manpower or the technical
skill to cover news of that kind.
Furthermore, most Washington cor
respondents are not certain how
sympathetic their editors would be
Jf they did.”
I Robertson backed up Strout’s
analysis of the situation. He said
he did not charge Nover or any
Always Use
Milk Baffles
Used Exclusively By
Golden Star
Phone 3200
215 West Fifth Street
other Washington newspaperman
with deliberately censoring the
story but contended that “the press
system’ of the country is built upon
a false measure of news value that
results in this kind of censorship."’
“Barney Nover would not have
missed that story if he knew his
paper wanted it,” Robertson com
mented. “The Associated Press
would not have furnished its clients
with a meaningless story if it felt
the papers wanted real coverage on
such profits stories.”
Robertson then cited other ex
amples of the same kind of one
sided coverage of Washington news.
Others qtfoted to back up Robert
son’s judgment of the news in the
FTC report included John Carson,
Federal Trade Commission mem
ber, and a long time correspondent
of the Baltimore Sun and the
Scripps-Howard papers Wallace
Campbell, editor of the Coopera
tive News' Service and eyen Sena
tor Edwin C. Johnson (D, Colo.)
who has been attacked recently by
the Colorado I^ibor Advocate.
All of them said the FTC story
was news and important news.
Robertson wound up his story by
commenting that even Nover’s
story had admitted the s'tory was
news. He defined news as “what
interests people” and pointing out
that twice in his own story Nover
had admitted the FTC figures were
Newspapermen were watching
for the next developments in what
looks like a significant battle be
tween the daily and the weekly
labor papers. LPA said the battle
was significant evidence of why it
fought so hard last year to get into
the Congressional Press Galleries
—because much of the Washing
ton news was not being satisfac
torily covered by the daily press.
Will Consumers
Benefit From
Sales Tax Cuts?
Washington (LPA) Doubts
about how much benefit consumers
would get from repeal of the fed
eral excise or sales taxes have been
raised before the House Ways and
Means committee since testimony
by proponents that 90 per cent of
the benefits would be passed on in
lower prices.
Gov. Carlson of Kansas, a form
er member of the committee, who
urged repeal of the tax on movies,
indicated that if the federal tax
were repealed the states might
slap on a tax. He urged repeal on
the ground that admissions was a
proper field for local taxation.
Rep. John Dingell (I), Mich.)
flared up, asserting he would never
vote to repeal the federal taxes
just so they could be replaced by
state taxes. He contend*d the sav
ings should go to consumers. Eric
Johnston, spokesman for the movie
industry, has assured the commit
tee that all benefits of tax cuts in
movie prices would be passed on
to consumers.
Members of the committee also
were afraid that consumers would
not get much benefit from lower
ing taxes on freight or commun
ications. While Western Union
spokesmen assured the committee
they would try to pass on the sav
ings to consumers, there was no
assurance this would be possible in
view of the company’s present fin
ancial condition. And labor spokes
men have warned the committee
the railroads already are prepar
ing to ask for authority to absorb
any savings in higher freight rates.
Demand tha Union Label
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
Funeral Home are as
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
for so little'
Phone Main 10
If we could do that we could re
volutionize human relations. If we
stopped to study a situation, how
seldom would we criticize it? In
stead we would understand it. Pre
judice always menaces the person
holding it.
None of us would willingly steal.
But he who condemns another un
justly or who bears false witness
against 'his brother is a thief.
Shakespeare said: “He who steals
my purse steals trash but he that
robs me of my good name, robs
me of that which not enricheth
him, but makes me poor indeed.”
How do we do that? By gener
alizing against a man, by attribut
ing to a group the mistakes of an
individual, by broad characteriza
tions, by not taking the trouble to
learn all the facts.
Go over the people whom you
think you dislike. Why don’t you
like them? How many do you dis
like with good cause? How many
because you are not considering
them as individuals but are lump
ing them as a group.
Do yog speak carelessly of peo
ple? Do you assume more know
ledge than you really possess?
Plutarch said: “He who reflects on
another man’s want of breeding,
show’s he wants it as much him
You wouldn’t touch one of your
neighbor’s possessions? But what
are you doing to his good name?
A man for whom I have great
admiration said one day, in speak
ing of another man who had done
him harm, “If I were small enough
to dislike a man for personal rea
sons.” That is true greatness. He
saw things in their proper light.
He would not be hurting the man
by disliking him, but he would be
injuring himself.
If we have nothing good to say
about our brother—then in God’s
name—let us be still!
Union Meetings
Need More Snap
Chicago (LPA)—The first per
son to think of in labor public re
lations is the little woman. That’s
what Austine Finnessy, public re
lations chief of the Iowa Federa
tion of Labor, told 25 union men at
a Labor Supper Club meeting spon
sored by the Sheil School of Social
Studies here.
“Don’t let your meetings drag
out beyond 11 p. m.” Finnessy ad
vised. “People don’t like to come
to meetings when they don’t know
when they’ll be going home. Be
sides, it’s not good public relations
with the wife if the husband stays
out too late.”
Moreover, there ought to be a
little snap and zip in union meet
ings, Finnessy said, if the idea is
to have the membership show up
and participate. “Is it any wonder
that attendance at meetings is
low?” he asked. “We need to use
more imagination in planning.
Often we don’t plan at all, we just
expect a meeting to drift along.”
First thing is to appoint or elect
a program chairman with a flair
for showmanship, Finnessy d«,clar
ed. “Give him any title you want,”
he laid, “but have him responsible
for a lively program.”
One way is to bring in the
enemy. Invite the editorial writers
of local papers, the anti-union ones.
Let them hear the labor slant on
things and let them defend theirs.
That would liven up any meeting.
Or give the members a little en
tertainment. Maybe somebody’s 13
year-old son is a whiz at the piano,
and perhaps somebody’s daughter
can sing. Possibly there’s a good
amateur magician around. Why not
a show some night? Or why not
movies I
FOR AN ENORMOUS JOB WELL DONE—Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt presents to David E. LiHertthal a
silver tray for his work as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Lilienthal, who retired as AEC
head Feb 14, prefers to stress the bright side of the atom rather tljan its H-bomb possibilities. Looking
on are Sin. Brien McMahon (D, Conn.), chairman of the Congressional committee on atomic energy, and
Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, leading atomic scientist.
I was listening to a speech one
night—a dull, dry-as-dust spe»*ch
—and my mind was wandering,
when suddenly I heard the speaker
say: “For the old adage of ‘No tax
ation without representation’ one
might well substitute the new
slogan of ‘No criticism without
Union Head Blasts
Decision Banning
Union Hiring Hall
Washington (LPA)—In a crush
ing ruling that threatens the v^ry
existence of maritime unions, the
Supreme Court banned the union
hiring hall by refusing to review a
lower court decision. President Joe
Curran of the Nat’l Maritime Union
said the court’s action “is a men
acing blow to the stability of our
American maritime industry.”
The seamen’s leader said the
NMU, “conscious of its responsibil
ity to both its members and the
general public”, was filing immedi-'
ately for a re-hearing. Earlier the
NMU and other maritime unions
had indicated a general waterfront
strike would be called if the Sup
reme Court banned the hiring hall,
but they may wait a while to see
what Congress does about it.
The case which the Supreme
Court rejected arose in connection
with the NMU’s Great Lakes con
tract, in which an anti-union de
cision was handed down by the
Federal Circuit Court of Appeals
in New York.
The hiring hall-rotary shipping
system of dispatching men to ships
is the core of maritime unionism.
Curran said that the Supreme
Court’s action would only make
seamen fight the harder for repeal
of the Taft-Hartley act and enact
ment of the Magnuson-Lesinski bill
legalizing the hiring hall. “I am
confident that this grievous error
will be corrected, either in
courts or in Congress—or on
waterfronts themselves," he
Curran also pointed out that
Communists would be swift to take
advantage of any bitterness that
may result among seamen. He said
that the Communists would try to
use the decision “for their own sel
fish and evil purposes,” but that
democratic unions on the water
front wouldn’t let the Communists
get far. He added that the court
ruling proved ail labor’s predictions
about the Taft-Hartley act. “Taft
Hartley stands unmasked as pur
posefully anti-labor legislation,”
he said.
DuPont Has Report
But Not Public
Washington (LPA)—The duPont
Chemical Company has obtained a
copy of a secret report by the Fed
eral Trade Commission on its mon
opolistic activities, but has suc
ceeded in keeping the report away
from the public.
The Trade Commission report
has been bottled up for months.
Chairman Celler, (D, NY) of the
House Monopoly Investigating com
mittee, was threatening until re
cently to subpoena it and thus
force its publication. But attorneys
for the company have persuaded
Celler it would be unfair to make
the report public prior to trial of
anti-trust charges against the com
The Justice Department no4v has
a case pending in the courts to re
quire the duPont Company and
family to sell their controlling
stock in other companies such as
General Motors and US Rubber.
The FTC report, which was auth
orized by Congress last year, stud
ies the effects of the tie-ups be
tween duPont and the other big
companies. It is reported to show
that the companies have used their
connections to restrain competi
tion over a wide area of commerce.
Lawyers in the anti-trust divis
ion are “burned up” that duPont
has been able to get a copy of the
report before the public is allowed
to see it. DuPont is reported to
have obtained the report through
Senator Williams (R, Del.).
Demand tha Union LabaL
Bourse ‘Erroneous’
In Collier’s Piece
Hitting Truman
Washington (LPA) President
Truman read aloud, before his top
economic and political assistants,
as well as the Council of Economic
Advisers, every word of his 1950
economic report to Congress before
he approved the document. This
was revealed by Council member
John D. Clark, replying to an at
tack on Truman and the Council in
the current issue of Collier’s mag
azine, written by Dr. Edwin
Nourse, former Council chairman.
Nourse in his article, besides at
tacking the whole idea of the Em
ployment Act, claimed that the
council had never had so much as
an hour to talk economic policy
with the President. “The impres
sion he leaves of the attitude of
the President towards the work of
the Council is so erroneous that I
want to tell of my- own personal
experience,” Clark said. He added
that the January 1950 session with
Truman lasted 2% hours, and that
Hie President encouraged comments
from his advisers and staff. “I
could see,” he observed, “that there'
are no yes-men on the White House
Clark also told a Senate Judici
ary' subcommittee, in reply to
needling questions by Sen. Forrest
Donnell (R, Mo.) that the econ
omic report, drafted under the re
quirementa of the Employment Act
of 1946, was the subject of a leng
thy session of the top assistants to
the President and the two members
of the Council, before it was dis
cussed with Truman. He told of
one such session at the. White
House in December, which lasted
from 3 p. m. to 2:15 a. m. without
any recess.
“No President will ever-give at
tention more intense and more ex
tended than President Truman
gives to the work of tlfe Council
and to its proposals. If Mr. Nourse
did not know how to exploit that
attitude to have a process set up
under which more adequate attend
tion to our reports would be given,
of course it’s very unfortunate, and
1 can understand the spirit of frus
tration that developed in him.”
Clark insisted that the points of
view represented by Leon Keyser
ling and himself, as Council mem
bers, “was far too complicated” to
fit the Nourse characterizations in
the Collier’s piece.
.Originally, Clark had appeared
to answer questions about a bill to
plug the merger loophole in the
anti-trust laws, a measure approv
ed by the House, and now in the
Senate Judiciary Committee. Clark
said that closing the loophole
would be a good idea, and insisted
that any attempt to make excep
tions in re-drafting this section of
the anti-trust law would weaken it,
while covering only a few legiti
mate cases of hardship.
Philadelphia (LPA)—In its first
annua) report, the Philadelphia
Fair Employment Practices Com
mission announced that job dis
crimination is on the decrease. In
dustrialists are finding that “em
ployment on merit and ability is a
sound basis for profitable business
operation”, stated FEPC chairman
Robert J. Callagan. The commission
was established by City Council in
March, 1948, after a vigorous cam
paign by organized labor, the ADA
and other civic groups.
New York (LPA) Because
neither actress Margaret Webster
nor Actors Equity Ass’n-AFL
would “surrender the principle in*
volved” a Southern college has can
celled a performance of Shake
speare’s “Taming of the Shrew”
which" has two Negroes in the cast.
Northwestern State College in
Nadiitoches, La. cancelled when
Miss Webster refused to replace
the two actors or eliminate their
parts. She said it was the first ob
jection of its kind to come to her
“frohi anywhere in the South or
anywhere else.”
Charleston, W. Va.—Harry E.
Jenkins, 63, died Feb. 1 in Charles
ton Hospital, following a short ill
Mr. Jenkins resided in Charles
ton for the past two years. At the
time of his death he was manager
of the "Post Hotel. He was well
known throughout the pottery in
dustry, having worked in many
potteries throughout Ohio and
other localities including Cali
fornia. He was formerly employed
at the Hall China Co.
He is survived by his wife, Mrs.
Barbara Helen Jenkins two bro
thers, Gethen Jenkins of Hunting
ton, W. Va., and Gus Jenkins of
Portland, Oregon four stepsons,
Ted, Russell and Clarence Williams
of Charleston, and George Stellman
of Erwin, Tenn. one stepdaughter,
Mrs. Ed. Murray of Girard, Penn.
Miss Sarah Ann Wedgewood, 67,
died Feb. 17 in the home of her
sister, Mrs. Andrew Biram, 1037
St. George Street, following a five
week illness.
Miss Wedgewood spent her life
time in East Liverpool. She was a
finisher and affiliated with Local
Union 53, National Brotherhood of
Operative Potters. She was a mem
ber of the First Christian Church
and the Loyal Workers Class.
She leaves two other sisters,
Mrs. Anna Copestick and Miss
Eva Wedgewood, and three broth
ers, John Wedgewood, Harry
Wedgewood and Frank Wedge
wood, all of East Liverpool.
John Alfred Derenburger, 66,
died Feb. 17 in his home, 86516
West Eighth St., after a six-month
Mr. Derenburger was born in
Ripley, W. Va., and resided in East
Liverpool for 46 years. He was em
ployed for eight years in the slip
house at the Hall China Co. He was
a member of Local Union 21, Na
tional Brotherhood of Operative
Potters and attended the Assembly
of God Church.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Anna
Oliver Derenburger six sons,
Clifford Derenburger of Aliquippa,
Floyd Derenburger, Edgar Deren
burger and Harold Derenburger, all
of East Liverpool, and Wilbur Der
enburger and Kenneth Derenburg
er at home five daughters, Mrs.
Gertrude Clutter of Sebring, Mrs.
Wilma Smith of Burgettstown, Mrs.
Leona Salyers and Mrs. Bessie
Radcliffe of East Liverpool, and
Mrs. Lora Sprouse at home a bro
ther, Frank Derenburger, and a
sister, Mrs. Francis Knapp, both of
Parkersburg, and 20 grandchildren.
Brunton Allison, 55, of Phoenix
Ave., Chester, clayshop foreman at
the Taylor, Smith A Taylor Co.,
died Feb. 16 in West Penn Hospi
tal Pittsburgh, where he was a
patient for two weeks. He had been
ill since Thanksgiving.
Mr. Allison spent his lifetime in
Chester, where he was born. He
was a member of the Knights of
Pythias and the Presbyterian
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Ida
Allison a daughter, Donna Jeane
Allison at home a brother, Robert
Allison of Clarksburg, W. Va., and
a sister, Mrs. Martha Stackhouse
of Chester. A
Trenton, N. J.—John H. Baker,
88, honorary member of the Na
tional Brotherhood of Operative
Potters and husband of the late
Mrs. Elizabeth Baker, died Feb. 14
at his home, 116 Wayne Avenue,
following a lingering illness.
He is survived by a niece, Mrs.
Thomas Kent of Trenton, and four
nephews, Charles and Fred Baker
of Trenton, Joseph Baker of
Florida and Arthur Baker of
attle, Wash.
Services were conducted by
Roy S. Bowers of Bethel Lutheran
Church. Interment was in Green
wood Cemetery.
Cleveland (LPA)—The Interna
tional Ladies Garment Workers
Union has bought the John Carlin
estate for $100,000 and will spend
$800,000 on remodeling, to house
its headquarters and a free health
center for members. The ILGWU
has similiar health centers in Chi
cago, Philadelphia, and New York.
Funds for the health center come
from employers, who give 2’6 per
cent of their payrolls. The reserve
is now $750,000. The health center
program will include surgery up to
$100, an eye conservation plan,
sick benefits of $15 and $20 per
week and $500 life insurance.
Vote Fund For Labor Probe
Washington (LPA)—The Senate
Rules Committee has approved for
floor action the request of a Sen
ate Labor subcommittee headed by
Sen. James Murray (D, Mont.) for
$108,000 to conduct its investiga
tion of labor-management rela
tions, especially as federal laws
like the Taft-Hartley act destroy
or aid industrial peace.
Washington (LPA) Medical*
care for the British people under
their national health system is only
four per cent of the nation’s in
come, or just what our present in
adequate medical dare costs us,
according to the Committee on Re
search in Medical Economics, head
ed by Dr. Michael M. Davis. The
report-, just published, blasts the
current propaganda in American
medical journals and the commer
cial press about the cost of the Bri
tish medical system.
The report says the total cost
of medicine in Britain today is
about $1,150,000,000 a year, count
ing everything including some ser
vices not provided under the gov
ernment system. This is an aver
age per capita cost of about $21 a
year for the 48,000,000 people cov
ered. The average for all the 50,
000,000 people ill Great Britain is
about $23 per capita. The US an
nual medical bill is now about $9,
300,000,000, the committee says.
This is $62 per capita foir our 150,
000,000 people.
“Thus, in the United States,” the
committee says, “we spend per
capita for medical care over 2'?
times as much as the British. Our
national income is much larger
than Britain’s, even when figured
on a per capita basis. Our total ex
penditures for medical care amount
to four per cent of our gross na
tional income. Britain’s medical ex
penditures come to four per cent of
its income also.”
The report analyzed the mistakes
in estimating the cost, of the Bri
tish program which have led to the
stories in this country that it was
too expensive. The cost of family
physicians’ service, the report says,
had exceeded original estimates by
only seven per cent. The volume of
visits to physicians increased less
than 10 per cent over the past. The
costs of hospital service were 20
per cent higher than estimated ori
ginally, chiefly because of higher
salary and wage rates.
The biggest discrepancies be
tween original estimates and actual
costs came in the dental services
fearless, flaming
story from the
pen of the South’s
great novelist.
William FaulkRorl
IT'S HNZATIOtiALI.. when a brave
woman defies a bloodthirsty
bent on violence!
IFS MNZATIONALI. when murder
•triker mysteriously and the Anger of
guilt points to man at scene of crime!
Thursday, February 28, 195(f
Report Shows British Medical
Program Costs No More Than Ours
Frankfort, Ky. (LPA) Ken
tucky’s school teachers apparently
have lost their fight for more pay.
About 250 of them watched as the
House of Representatives decided,
44 to 43, not to consider a bill to
hike taxes,$14^000,000 ancLearmark
the revenue foir the schools. Teach
er salaries average $1865 a year.
and the eye services, where no one
had forecast the extent of the need
which had not be|ty,jnet under pri
vate medicine.
We helpie
many Families
save money
safely, and
we can help
ty-G-M presents
•your Family
-5. I
ft do it also.
First Federal Savings
& Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.
Thursday, Friday and Saturday
floundering in an icy stream meets a
man who is destined to change his I ife!
IT'S '»N«ATIONAll when the
murder victim’s body is exhumed in
the dark to aeek vital evidence!
■UH'• IUMBI-i-i HWHiW:
“SWOONER-CROONER”—Colored Cartoon
Joe McDoak Feature
“LITTLE ARCHER”—Colored Sports Reel
NEWS of the DAY in Pictures

xml | txt