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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, March 23, 1950, Image 6

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Oldest And The Youngest UAW
Michigan Locals Side By Side
Detroit (LPA) The oldest
chartered local in Michigan of the
United Auto Workers is No. 140,
the Dodge Truck plant. The young
est is No. 869, the Nine Mile plant.
They’re so close together they use
the same soup kitchen. With Mild
red Jeffrey, who heads WDET, the
UAW radio station, 1 drove through
a baby blizzard into Van Dyke,
Macomb County, where the plants
are located.
At our first stop, the picket hut
of Ixical 869, it was nice and cozy
inside although it was a bitter day,
with the snow driving in gusts. The
pickets, as usual, were having a
quiet game of cards. “Our union is
so young,” one picket explained,
“that we haven’t had time to elect
local officers. We were going to
when the strike came.” I asked
what percentage was organized
and there was a chorus of “One
hundred per cent.” One picket ex
plained, “We’ve got 1060 members
and if it hadn’t been for the strike
we’d have had lots more. They
were taking on new men fast.” An
other picket chimed in: “When we
had our NLRB
for the UAW,
vote was void,
say, practically
election, 671 voted
17 against, and 1
It was, you might
Mildred asked if most of them
were former members of other
locals. They all were, save for two
youngsters. In fact, everyone 'in
the picket hut was an old-timer.
Quite a percentage of those in the
local are newcomers—farmers and
young southerners—in a strike for
the first time and feeling their re
sponsibility. Just as we were leav
ing one man asked, “What’s this
UAW recreation program about?
I used to pitch for the White Sox,
and coached at Columbia. I want to
start a ball club when the strike’s
over.” Local 869 of the Nine Mile
plant may be young, but it lacks
nothing of the UAW spirit which
makes every local feel sure it is the
most militant and progressive in
the organization.
We went next to the spic and
span union hall of Local 140, at
the Dodge Truck plant, which also
includes 350 members of Amplex.
This modern union hall, light and
airy, is open seven days a week,
24 hours a day. A sign on the
blackboard, written large, read
'‘Donations Wanted For Blood
Bank.” Another large sign, neatly
lettered, said POSITIVELY
GAMBLING. Mnerther said
LOWED. At one end of the
was the improvised kitchen, with
the women helpers, who here as
Always Uss
Milk Bottles
Uaed Exclusively By
Golden Star
Phone 3200
elsewhere donate their services,
working such long hours that at
the plant such overtime would run
into money. Fred Aenis is head
As we sat in the union office
shop stewards and officers paused
in the midst of a busy day for a
few words. Raymond Travnik,
Local president, was in the hospi
tal, but we had a word with O. E.
Zimmerman, vice president. He’s
worked over 20 years for the com
pany, and in the old days knew
Gene Debs. “The labor movement
never had anyone like him,” says
Zimmerman. We also chatted with
A1 Brooks, recording* secretary
Herman Holbrook, strike commit
tee chairman and Arthur Sullivan
and Art Wilde, picket chairmen
“This local is old-fashioned,” they
explained. “Everyone is expected
do picket duty. We have 150 me* a
day picketing. There are three
gates to the plant and our picket
have four-hour shifts. We believe
picketing makes for better morale.
A man comes to the union hall and
he^gets to know people and he can
tell his troubles if he wants to.
The workers from different shops
get to lenow each other and learn
what’s going on. We think wher
workers are spread out like they
are in Detroit, if they don’t have
something to bring them to the
union hall they are apt to lose
touch with the strike. That’s what
we think and that’s how we act.
We’re old-fashioned.”
Another man took up the story.
“Of course, the counsellors are a
lot of help in maintaining morale.
We have five, handling welfare,
legal aid, hospitalization, social
security—there’s no problem the
members can’t get advice about.”
Later we went to visit a picket
hut, a snug wooden hut built by
the union. These men picket 12
hours at a stretch. At night then?
are only token pickets.
“We allow a small maintenance
staff,” the captain explained. “All
the women office workers belong
KM) per cent and have contributed
over $400 to the strike fund al
There is a car pool, and a flying
squadron sends out 105 cars daily.
The flying squadron cap of Local
140 is black and gray with yellow
“Frankly,” someone confided,
“lxcal 140 has always been the
most militant union in UAW.”
Ottawa (LPA)—Prime Minister
St. Laurent has flatly refused the
request of the Trades and Labor
Congress for a complete overhaul
of the social security system. *He
also turned down the TLC request
for initiation of a shelf of public
works to provide jobs for the more
than 390,000 unemployed.
TLC, speaking for 460,000 union
ists, asked for a comprehensive
social security plan, and that in
the interim, the means test for old
age pensions be removed. TLC also
asked.for price control and reten
tion of rent control.
Demand the Union Label.
Notice Sanitary Firms
Any firm seeking skilled craftsmen (in all trades)
or having job opportunities available for workers in
any job operation in the sanitary branch of the in
dustry, contact Walter E. Shutter, Secretary, Local
Union 77, Route 2, Box 58, Mannington, W. Va.
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
Funeral Home are as
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
MUCH ... for so little"
215 West Fifth Street Phone Main 10
Besides universal coverage for
retirement benefits, Reuther back
ed the CTO’s program which calls
for higher pensions, calculated on
a wider wage-base, to break down
the “double standard” which means
“those who have high incomes out
of which they can save for their old
age are amply provided in addition
with pensions in their old age:
those who receive incomes so small
that they cannot save for their old
age are offered so-called pensions
that, in many states, are less than
half as much as can be obtained in
relief from state and county wel
fare agencies.”
The cost of the improved bene
fits under the House-approved bill
now before the Senate committee
would be $1.3 billions a year. The
cost of the CIO’s level of benefits
would be $6.8 billions a year in
Tackling head-on the timid ones
who object to the CTO plan on
grounds of costs, Reuther related
the $6.3 billion cost to the size of
the US economy. In 1955, he said,
we can expect an increase in pro
ductivity, not even taking into
account any application of atomic
know-how to production, of over
$300 billions. This means we’d be
putting aside out of our total na
tional production less than two per
cent to help people in their old age.
The $6.3 billion cost is less than
we spent in one week in World
War II, Reuther told the impressed
“The highest velocity dollars” in
the whole US would be the money
paid to pensioners Reuther pointed
out, since these men and women
aren’t hoarding their cash but
spending it on food and clothing
and doctor care and immediate ex
A “fifth freedom,” which he calls
“freedom from fear of scarcity”,
was urged on the Senator by Reu
ther. “If we have full employment
these costs look low,” he insisted.
‘‘There is no place where the gap
so great between what we prac
tice and what we preach as in our
treatment of the problems of the
Reuther presented to the com
mittee the first draft of an ade
quate budget for elderly couples,
on which the UAW’s research de
partment has worked for four
months. The union is finding, he
pointed out, that present budgets
are ridiculously small, and that
there’s still no generally accepted
yardstick by which to measure
benefit needs. I
He pointed out that, for even a
“woefully inadequate” standard of
living in Detroit, the UAW econ
omists found it would take about
$174 a month to exist. If this yard-
Senators Thank Auto Workers Chief
For Testimony On Social Security
Washington (LPA)—A dozen of
the leading members of the Senate
listened with unusual attention to
a lecture March 15 on the need for
-ciappina the assumption that
there will always bo a scarcity of
the good things of life. The speak
er w$s Auto Workers President
Walter Reuther, testifying on so
cial security before the Senate Fin
ance comipittee. Both Republicans
and Democrats joined in thanking
him for the testimony, an unusual
gesture in this highly politically
minded committee.
“The American economy is free
dom’s greatest asset,” and in the
cold war, where “psychological
weapons are as important as A
bombs,” Reuther said, our allies
abroad want us to answer two
questions: what is the US doing
about unemployment, and what is
it doing to insure its older citizens
a decent and secure old age? These
were the two questions most often
asked during his recent European
visit, he observed.
“We’re the most powerful union
in America,” he said of the UAW,
pointing out that last year in the
Ford contract they were able to
win employer-paid pensions. A
sound pension plan is the point at
issue in Chrysler strike, and the
same issue will be in the forefront
during GM negotiations starting
soon, he added. However, the UAW
president said, the union is con
vinced that pensions should be
settled as a matter of economic
fact, not by a show of economic
power, and should be available to
every American, “not just dues
paying members of unions.”
The changing tide is evident in a
Senate Agriculture subcommittee
which is now considering a bill by
Senator Thomas (D-Okla.) to try
out the Brannan program on the
difficult potato problem and a bill
by Democratic Leader Lucas, of
Illinois, to continue the present
price support system with produc
tion controls.
Even Senator Lucas, author of
the rival plan, is wavering as a re
sult of two days’ of testimony by
Brannan and his aides, in which
they have tried to explain the pro
gram in greater detail than it has
ever before been explained to Con
Senators who have never before
quite understood how the costs of
the Brannan program would be
compensated by lower food prices
for consumers are beginning to
understand the Secretary’s plan.
On the second day of Brannan’s
testimony, Senator Aiken (R-Vt.),
author of the Republican farm pro
gram, was in the position over and
over again of defending the Bran
nan plan against phoney objections
raised by Senators who did not
understand it.
Brannan argued that even if his
estimates of the cost of the Bran
nan program were doubled, it still
would cost much less than the pre
sent program has cost for potatoes
during the past two years.
“No plan is omnipotent”, he ad
mittedi “But this plan would per
mit a reasonably diligent farmer te
get a fair return for his year’s
work without unduly penalizing
the rest of the population.”
When Chairman Ellender (D
La.) complained that in his cost
estimates Brannan had made a lot
of “assumptions”. Brannan replied
drily “we’re got to assume there
will be a potato. Of course there
are assumptions.”
Asked by Aiken whether it would
not be better to drop price supports
for potatoes, Brannan said: “I don’t
want to walk off and leave the
potato growers without any pro
tection, even though a year or two
more of the experiences such as we
have had may destroy the whole
crop support program for every
Lansing, Mich. (LPA)—Gov. G.
Mennen Williams has urged the
legislature to amend the State Con
stitution to allow 18-year-olds to
vote. Georgia is the only state that
set the voting age at 18..
Williams, predicting a state-de-1
ficit of $110,609,CCd next year, ask
ed for new taxes on corporation
profits to make up the loss. The
governor also favors an FEPC
measure if bi-partisan approval is
pledged. He also asked liberaliza
tion of unemployment compensa
tion benefits to raise the maximum
to $30 a week and the bend: it per
iod to two weeks.
Newberry, Mich. (LPA)—Three
victories in elections conducted in
Michigan by the National Labor
Relations Board were reported by
the International Woodworkers.
They were at the Northwestern
Veneer A Plywood Co., Barrett
Logging Co. and Michigan Pole
anti Tie Co.
stiqk is accepted, Reuther observed,
it would leave an elderly couple
trying to live on present social se
curity benefits with a monthly de
ficit of $53 to $70 a month. Even
under the House-approved benefits,
they’d have a $35 to $64 a month
deficit. And even union-sponsored
benefit levels would just about al
low them to squeak through.
HOW TO ORGANIZE A REGISTRATION DRIVE— 3rd column. Get the ladies to help. They’ll be glad to and, what s
1st column Labor’s League for Political Education, the AFL’s more, they’ll do S bang-up job, for their stake the next Congress is
political arm, says the first move in a local registration drive is to estab- as great as anybody’s. Another thing you can do is distribute registra
lish a Non-Partisan Citizen’s Registration Committee. Invite local trade tion literature in the schools for the children to take home,
unions, the League of Women Voters and other groups to cooperate
with you.
2nd column, i........
Week. Then make sure that there are plenty of registration facilities.
If necessary, see that more are set up in union halls, police stations, fire,
houses, schools, YMCA’s and other suitable places. ___
V4»cr id mt inn TOP) IltlAR^
Sentiment Gaining
For Trial Run Of
Brannan Program
Washington (LPA)—A trial run
for thq Brannan farm program on
potatoes is gaining ground in the
Senate. Secretary of Agriculture
Brannan has estimated it would
have saved $55 million to $70 mill
ion last year.
Ask the mayor of your city to proclaim Registration s^rjpS billboards and pamphlets. Have speakers ready to give five-
4th column. Use all the publicity- mediums available. Put your
message adfciHB-- thtbUgh radio .stations, moving pictures,
minute talks emphasizing that everyone must vote to make democracy
Trenton, N. J.—William Devlin,
Sr., 70, father of Arthur Devlin,
fifth vice president of the Nation
al Brotherhood of Operative Pot
ters, died March 13 in McKinley
Hospital, following a short illness.
A staunch supporter for organiz
ed labor, Mr. Devlin was active in
the affairs of his union up until
his death. He was a mason by trade
4nd affiliated with the A FL Brick
layers Union.
He was a member of Christ Epis
copal Church and the Capitol Lawn
Bowling team.
Surviving are his wife, Mrs.
Maud Renshaw Devlin four sons,
Arthur, William Jr., George and
John two sisters, Mrs. Sarah
Fairclough of England and Mrs.
Jepnie Gibson of Toma River two
brothers, John Devlin of England
and George Cain of Toms River,
seven grandchildren, and a great
Services were conducted by Rev.
William T. Gray of Christ Epis
copal Church. Burial was in Ewinfg
R. Tim Hall, 1100 Franklin St.,
dted March 21 at 4:20 p. m. in City
Hospital following a
He was 65.
brief illness.
in East Liv
late John R.
was em-
M* Hall was bom
ernpel, a son of the lat
ana1 Margaret Hall. He
ployed as a kiln placer for the Ed
wjn Af. Knowles China Co.
MrjHall was active in affairs at
the First Baptist Church and was
a member of Local Union 9, Na
tional Brotherhood of Operative
Hie/leaves bis widow, Mrs. Lin
dora (Hall two daughters, Mrs.
Frank Lovas of E$st Liverpool,
and Mrs. Clarence Ward of Tempe,
Ariz. two step-daughters, Mrs.
Charles Russell and Mrs. Glenn
Bailey, both of East Liverpool a
step-son, Everett Moore of Chester,
and two grand-children and one
Peter Paul Cebula, 44, of Alaska
Ave., Chester, died suddenly of a
coronary heart attack March 21 at
Plant 8 of the Homer Laughlin
China Co.
Mr. Cebula, a batter-oiit, was
changing his clothes to leave for
home when stricken. He died with
in a few minutes. £_
A widely known amateur base
ball player during his younger
days, Mr. Cebula was bom in
Chester. He was a member of the
Sacred Heart Catholic Church,
Local Union 131, National Brother
hood of Operative Potters and
Polish Lodge 861 of Chester.
He leaves^ his widow, Mrs. Nel
lie Mackall Cebula two sisters,
Mrs. Floyd Geer and Mrs. Henry
Skavenski, and three brothers,
Michael Cebula, George Cebula and
Stanley Cebula, all of Chester.
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you woqlji have, them
pay Union wj^eii un|o you!
Ask for Union Labeled merchan
Street Aijdress
State -....
Lawmakers Probe
Against Workers
Boston (LPA) —Legislatures"in
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and
New York are waking up to the
fact that employers discriminate
against older workers, and they
may do something about it.
At recent hearings before the
Massachusetts legislature’s labor
committee, union representatives
and others'supported bills outlaw
ing discrimination against workers
between 45 and 65. Meanwhile,
Francis E. Kelley, Bay State At
torney general, proposed the State
Fair Employment Practices Com
mission be empowered to investi
gate cases of discrimination be
cause of age as well as discrimin
ation because of race or religion.
In the Rhode Island legislature,
Rep. John J. Wrenn, Providence
Democrat, has sponsored a bill bar
ring discrimination by industry
against persons 40 years old or
older. His measure would auth
orize a study group to require at
tendance of witnesses by subpoena
and the production of books, papers
and documents. The study group
would report on age discrimination
to the 1951 legislature. Wrenn says
it’s “practically impossible” for
workers between 40 and 50 to find
jobs «n a number of Rhode Island
plants. As a result, relief costs
mount when the older workers ex
haust their savings.
In Albany, N. Y., Thomas C.
Desmond, Republican state senator
from Newburgh, said bills to end
discrimination against older work
ers may be introduced in the New
York State Legislature next year.
Desmond, chairman of the joint
legislative committee on problems
of the aging, says industry is unit
ed. in its opposition to legislation
compelling it to hire older workers.
This attitude has delayed action
uhtil 1951 but Desmond hopes in
dustry will improve matters volun
Desmond reports that in Decem
ber, 1949, more than 16 per cent
of those in New York state who ex
hausted their unemployment bene
fits were 45 to 55 years old up
wards of 20 per cent were 55 to 64
and 27.2 per cent were 65 or over.
Meanwhile, of New York’s 13,000,
000 population, 4,000,0K) are 45 or
older, and 2,000,000 are 55 or over.
The senator thinks a crackdown is
inevitable unless business puts its
house to order.
Providence, R. I. (LPA)—Rhode
Island’s workmen’s compensation
rates will be recced an average of
24.5 per cent, effective April 1,
State Insurance Commissioner
George A. Bisson announced. He
said the cpt, based on a steady
downward tiend in the industrial
accident rate, will save employers
about $2,200,000 during the next 12
months, i
Workmen’s compensation rates
last year were reduced 8.5 per cent
and benefit payments were increas
ed, so that the maximum weekly
allowance rose from $20 to $28.
Demand the Union Label.
Nomination Acceptance Blank
v Thia is to certify that I am a member of the National Broth
erhood of Operative Potters in good standing of Local Union
No,................... have been actively engaged at the trade for one
yeer prior to nomination, and it is my desire to accept the nom
ination for delegate to American Federation of Labor Conven
..■//.■■■Mi J1-..•
(Trade at which you are Working)
Send to^has. F. Jordan, Box 762, Bast Liverpool, Ohio,
(not later than April 3.)
Curran Opens Fight For Hiring
Hall Before Senate Committee
Washington (LPA) Senator
Forrest Donnell displayed all the
seafaring knowledge of a mule
from his native Missouri when he
tangled with big Joe Curran, pres
ident of the National Maritime
Union, on the hiring hall issue.
fca r— A 1 $ 1 1 k A 1 1 4
Curran offered a new version of
the bill introduced last year by Sen.
Warren G. Magnuson (D, Wash.)
amending the Taft-Hartley act to
permit the union hiring hall on the
waterfront. Complaints had been
aired that the Magnuson bill, in
troduced in the House by Rep. John
Lesinski (D, Mich.), was loosely
drawn and might be applicable to
other maritime occupations than
seafaring Curran’s proposal clear
ly limits its application to seamen.
Exactly what Donnell was trying
to accomplish by his blustering
tactics was not clear but apparent
ly he was trying to prove that the
want. Curran, insisting that the
ential” shop rather than a union
shop, presented texts of the union’s
standard agreements to show that
the company can reject a man sent
to a ship from the rotary shipping
list under a hiring hall clause and
that union objections to the com
pany’s attitude can be referred to
well-established grievance machin
ery—after the ship has sailed with
a replacement. He also cited in
can bulldoze a shipping com
into hiring men it doesn’t
contract calls for a “prefer--
The hiring hall became an issue
this winter when the Supreme
Court refused to review a lower
court decision outlawing the NMU’s
Great Lakes hiring practices under
the Taft-Hartley act. Union attor
neys have petitioned the high qpurt
for a re-hearing. The Magnusonr
Lesinski bill was drafted last year
in anticipation of adverse rulings
in the courts.
Magnuson himself preceded Cur
ran before the committee, which is
surveying the effects of the Taft
Hartley act on trade unions and
labor relations. He said he had dis
cussed the hiring hall with spokes
men for both labor and manage
ment, and that both sides had con
vinced him that the union hiring
method was essential to the mari
time industry.
Curran gave the subcommittee a
vivid picture of waterfront hiring
practices before the hiring hall was
won by the union*. He said that
seamen were forced to hang around
She is the kind of woman every
wife fears... and he the kind of
man many women pursue. This is
the heart-to-heart story of what
happens when they meet!
Thursday, March 23, 1950
At a hearing before the Senate
subcommittee on Labor Manage
ment Relations, Curran told the
blustering Republican lawmaker,
who sits right behind Bob Taft in
Labor’s doghouse, that if seamen’s
unions are denied their hiring halls
because of the Taft-Hartley act,
shipowners soon will be hiring men
through “crimp joints” as they, did
in the old days. If this happens,
all the gains won by maritime
unions will be wiped out, the NMU
leader indicated.
gin mills”, boarding houses run
by unscrupulous agents, or houses
of prostitution to hear about jobs
on the ships* In these “crimp,
joints”, a man had to pay money
for a job, and if he was a veteran
seaman might be rejected as a
potential trouble-maker. The linei
wanted young men they could,
“push around.” As chairman of tnd
maritime committee, Curran pre
sented a statement by the Ameri«
can Radio Association, a radio op
erators’ union.
James R. Gormley, Baltimore
agent of the independent Marine
Firemen, a west coast union, echoed
Curran by saying that the hiring
hall stabilized the maritime indus
try and produced competent, re
liable erews for whom the union
was responsible. The Pacific Mari
time Association, an employer
group, proposed that the unions be
made liable for all lawsuits brought,
by seamen who thought they’d been
denied jobs through the hiring hall.
Boston IT. Gives Reuther Degree
Boston (LPA)—Walter P. Reut
her, president of the United Auto
Workers, was awarded an honor
ary degree of Doctor of Laws by
Boston University, March 14. Reut
her spoke on “double economic
standards^ in American industry,
comparing large pensions paid top
management with those paid work-
You, too, dt Sir vf
thi mori liberal,
warnings that your
monty will farn
i for you h(.il
irst Federal Savings
k Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.
NEWS of the DAY Pictures
Screen Play by
Based on Novel by
Directed by
Produced by

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