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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, April 13, 1950, Image 4

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Mnn—furiTT*** -.M. J. LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
Mamribemrurs E. K. KOOS, H. M. WALKO, W. A. BETZ
Brains and an honest, unselfish cooperative desire can
go a long way toward preventing the depression which is
creeping upon us.
Full Employment Committees are already at work in
some areas, and they are doing a splendid job. Through the
efforts of such a committee in a north central town, three
new manufacturing plants are soon to start operating in the
jiear future. In a south central town, a new industry has
een developed. Public spirited and unselfish citizens can do
these things, if they are aroused.
I This Veto Is A 'Must*
"jp, We are shocked beyond description at the action of Con
gress in passing the Kerr Bill.
[iK This was more than a Dixiecrat betrayal—and it has
soiled the record of many legislators who usually stand with
the people on issues affecting their interests.
We had become somewhat accustomed to disappoint
ments in the failure of Congress to enact the important parts
pf thq Fair Deal program of Mr. Truman, but no one antici
(pated such a mass dereliction of duty as evidence in the Sen
pte and House votes.
i: The Kerr Bill gives the gas interests the right to rob
E consumers of several billion dollars in raised rates. It takes
independent producers (they are not to be compared to the
Nnfiafk “independent” grocer, for they are multi-millionaire
Bi£ Businesses) from under jurisdiction of the Federal
JPower Commission.
This means that millions of us who are dependent on
(natural gas to heat our homes and who have spent money to
equip our homes for its use will be at the mercy of the gas
barons, compelled to pay any price they fix.
It will take a lot of progressive legislation by the 81st
Congress to wipe out the blot on its record. The people are
watching it, their confidence rudely shaken by what appears
as abject indifference to their interests.
We don’t know what got into the congressmen, but
they’re going to have to do better and this goes for many
whom we generally regard as our friends.
Some arc saying that Congress dropped a “hot potato”
jn President Truman’s lap. We don’t think so. That potato
was hpt while it was before Congress. It’s cooled somewhat
The President was elected on a platform of protecting
,,/the people’s interests against predatory Big Business. We
are sure he will stand on that platform—and veto the Kerr
Some People Never Grow Up
Who said this—and about what?
**The movement is unreasonable ... and no greater cala
mity could befall the industrial interests of the country than
its success. It would drive out of business every manufac
turer doing both government work and commercial work,
and no manufacturer would risk disaster to his entire estab
lishment by undertaking a government contract.”
Answer: The National Association of Manufacturers in
predicting 46 years ago the awful consequences of the eight
hour day.
J. '', ... ant
M&M rr«ry ThurWay at Eaat Liverpool. Ohio, by tbo N. B. erf O. P.. ownina and
tbe Beet Tradoe Nowopapor and Job Printing Plaat in the SUU
Btered at Feet Otfloe. East LHerpori, Ohio. April W. W8, oe oeepnd-claae nM**-
Accepted for *t Special RaU» of Poetage provided for in Section HOT,
Act of October II. 1117. authorised August 20. 1911.
CkM Year to Any Part of the United Statm or Canada-------------------------------------2.00
Some people never grow up.
Is there a letter example of why workingmen and
women should always be alert and support such groups as
,Labor’s League for Political Education?
in ■'&!
Editor *od BuaiaeM Manager
Signs Of The Times
The American Federation of Labor has a staff of ex
pert statisticians and economists back in Washington, D. C.
This staff puts in its time studying facts about business and
industry and Labor. It delves into the most reliable figures
in the nation and it comes up with facts.
i,. For instance: Unemployment is steadily increasing, in
spite of what you read in the papers. Thus far in 1950, two
million more people have been jobless than during the cor
responding months of 1947 and 1948. The number of areas
reporting 12 percent of their labor force out of work has in
creased from 39 in December, 1949, to 43. In more than half
of the important 'industrial centers of the country from
settfi to 12 percent of the labor force is jobless and only a
very small part of this unemployment is seasonable.
That is not good news, but it is a fact, and intelligent
people will do some heavy thinking about it. For, if the trend
continues—and industry is doing nothing to stop it—we are
headed for another depression. If responsible groups will
act now, the trend can be stopped and within 12 months
there will be jobs for all who want to work. If they fail to
act, a year from today will see another million added to the
present more than five million without jobs.
Then we will have, of course, large outpourings of gov
ernment money, most of it for unplanned and unpermanent
jobs. We will have much waste, and not a little stealing. All
of which is to be expected when we let our blundering lead us
into an economic impasse.
The American Federation of Labor proposes a coopera
tive approach to the problem of unemployment. It suggests
committees representing Labor, management, finance, the
church, and sectors of our economic life, to study the prob
Jem and hunt for the answers.
Full Employment Committees composed of voters, just
ordinary run-of-the-mill people in various walks of life, can
do a better job right now than can the politicians. After all,
unemployment is a community problem, too.
M. Duffy. P. O. Box 762, East Liverpool, Ohio
f|Mt Vke L. Wheatley, Room 216, Broad Street, National Bank Build,
in*. Treotas 8, New Jersey
fluauml Visa Hull. 111 Parifte Blvd., Huotincton Park. Calif,
nird Vice Preaident—— Jamaa Slaven. Caanone Mills, Baa* Liverpool, Onio
■burth Vias nh-.u. ggmner, 1945 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, New Jersey
MfthVioe Prr¥*"* Arthur Devlin, 105 Ashmore .Ave., Trenton. N. J.
euH, visa Freei(lent Tr«lr Dales, 916 Alton St.. East Liverpool, Ohio
J. Desmond, 826 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio
BtaMh Vim Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street. Newell, w. Va.
fliraetaiy Trwurr* F. Jorian, P. O. Box 762, East Liverpool, Ohio
threat can
Steps In The Right Direction
The interest of organized labor in the development of
the State of Israel is praiseworthy and commendable. Ac
cording to news reports, both the AFL and the CIO have
pledged support to a corporation which aims to build some
18,000 homes in the new commonwealth. Part of the neces
sary capital will be raised in the United States through the
sale of $10,000,000 worth of bonds. The garment workers’
unions have already announced that they expect to purchase
la substantial portion of these bonds.
The enterprise, headed by New York union leaders and
industrialists, is a heart-warming example of intehiational
cooperation and enlightened self-interest. No only does it
promise to alleviate one of the most pressing problems of the
‘young state, but it offers a profitable investment outlet. It
testifies to the growing realization among unionists that
organized labor must adapt realistic business policies that
unions can no longer disregard the financial needs of indus
trial enterprise on which the welfare and security of their
membership depends.
Labor’s venture in far-off Israel is a step in the right
direction. The next task is to investigate possibilities closer
to home and to make part of its substantial resources avail
able for industrial investments in America. By doing so
unions will add to their strength, enhance the well-being of
the nation and contribute to the growth of our free enter
prise system.
How A Committee Helped
Latest unemployment figures from government agencies
show improvement, with over 500,000 persons going off the
unemployment rolls in March. The outlook, however, while
somewhat brighter, does not do away with the need for or
ganization of local full employment committees, as urged by
the American Federation of Labor. That such committees
get results was shown by the federation in its “Labor’s
Monthly Survey,” which cited stories from the experiences
of committees already at work. Here is one example:
In an eastern town, a member of the local Carpenter’s
Union is a leader on the full employment committee. The
town needed housing for low income families many local
workers needed jobs. The AFL member got necessary in
formation about applying for loans under the Housing Act
of 1949, then with his fellow committee members went in
person to the agencies involved in clearing the loan, followed
it step by step, speeding the process until a loan of $60,000
was granted. Workers will soon be busy constructing a new
low cost housing project. He did not stop there. He and
other committee members are expediting other projects to
increase employment. For instance, they are working to se
cure funds for completion of a dam which will furnish water
to a nearby pulp mil), enabling it to take on several hundred
more workers.
Other committees, the AFL says, have been successful
in getting state and local projects underway for highway
construction, extension of a sewer system, building of schools
and hospitals, increasing the teaching staff in public schools,
improving post offices and pther public services by adding
needed workers.
Only Unity Can Win
free workers stand together. American workers support the
European Recovery Program, the Atlantic Pact and the Mili
tary Defense Assistance Program because these are peace
measures and the expression of our sense of solidarity with
free peoples of other lands.
From the end of World War I to the violent seizure of
power first by Lenin, then by Mussolini and later by Hitler,
the Communists of Italy and Germany contributed greatly
to the chaos, confusion and the disunity of the labor move
ment which paved the way for Fascism and Nazism. Since
the end of World War II the Communists have tried to create
the conditions that will pave the way for their form of totali
tarianism. Having failed to wreck the Marshall Plan, they
are now engaged in a desperate drive to sabotage the mili
tary defenses of countries menaced by Soviet imperialism.
Minimum Wage Farce
The so-called state minimum wage is little short of a
farce and a fraud. The law says' that such a wage shall be
fixed lor certain workers, women and children, and that it
shall not be below the wage necessary for health and de
cency. A state board sets the wage, and then permits a flock
of employers to pay “apprentices” and youngsters less than
the minimum. The board’s theory, we suppose, is that wo
men and children who are apprentices do not require healthy
and decent wages, but should get along on less.
But why worry about government’s fumbling with wage
problems. If you wait for government to act, you’il wait for
ever. The only hope of the working people is their Labor
Unions. When strong Unions produce gains for their mem
liers and establish better living standards, the politicians
limp along, much later, and pass some laws. But the Unions
must act first.
Coudert Would Save The Republic
In the back of the “Congressional Record” we find some
impassioned remarks by Hon. Frederic R. Coudert, Jr., a
Taft-Republican member of Congress from New York. Mr.
Coudert wishes to save the American republic. How does he
propose to do it?
Why, it’s the simplest thing in thp world. Amend our
income tax law so it can only be used to pay off the national
debt and the interest thereon and to meet war emergencies.
Mr. Coudert says our income tax law “is destroying the
incentive and hope of the American citizen.” We haven’t
noticed such loss of incentive. At the moment Americans
seem to be doing pretty well.
Of course, taxes are high, but Americans have money to
pay taxes now. It was different in the days of the “Hoover
hunger.” Now, after paying all our taxes, we have about
three times as much left as w£ had in those bad days.
Mr. Coudert’s proposal will be received with loud cheers
by certain rich men, already rolling in wealth but anxious to
get more.
Billion Dollar Preseht
Congress is getting ready to pass out a billion dollar
present. No, it isn’t for the working people. It isn’t going to
be in the form of an increase in income tax exemptions for
those who have to toil for tjieir living. Nothing like that!
Yet, there is glee in some quarters.
The present is going to the fur coat trade, the diamond
and gem trade, the folks who have the most luxuries. It is to
be in the form of a tax cut on luxuries such as mink coats
and diamonds, and stuff like that there. Nice, eh?
The whole world is gripped by the fear of another war
—an atomic or hydrogen bomb war which would threaten
universal catastrophe to victor and vanquished alike. But
neither fear, nor isolationism, nor pacifism, will stop the So- __
viet Union in its world-wide conspiracy of conquest. That
met successfully only if the free nations and
Maybe it was just a nightmare
’"*XrTrvg !»v™- -w»»x* 9 ~—t yy®p
GOP Confusion Over Its Platform
Growing Worse
For Labor Press Association
Washington (LPA)—With the primaries coming even nearer, the
Republican confusion over their “sales talk” to the voters grows more
confounded. They have been casting around for a winning slogan for
a long time now, and though they had come up with one when they un
furled the “Liberty versus Socialism” banner in a party policy state
ment on the eve of their big shindig in Washington Feb. 6.
They had tried “statism”, and th^ voters refused to get scared.
They had tried “welfare state”, and the Lehman-Dulles contest
jnNew York, that flopped.
They had been bleating about the “handout state”, concentrating
their fire on social welfare programs. Those, they said, were “hand
outs”. They were silent on the subsidies to big business, which of
course, are not “handouts”. That failed.
So they trotted out “Liberty versus Socialism.” That was so ab
surd that even their own party members rebelled. Papers by no means
friendly to the Fair Deal pointed to the idiocy of calling the program
or President Truman socialist.
The critics within the party not only complained about making
“socialism” the issue, but complained of the vagueness of other planks,
the omissions, the pussy footing and of the length of the policy state
Sen. Margaret Chase Smith, Maine, one of those dismayed by the
original statement, suggested that a digest of the platform be pre
pared. It was, under direction of Sen. Owen Brewster, Maine, chair
man of the Republican Senatorial Committee, and Rep. Leonard W.
H.all, New York, chairman of the House Republican committee.
The digest, approved by the party’s national committee, makes 10
points. And where is the “Liberty versus Socialism” plank?
It’s No. 10. It reads': “Safeguarding liberty against socialism,”
Na 1 is now tax reduction, and No. 2 is balancing the budget.
... 'The shift in emphasis did not bring peace to the GOP. Although
the news release with the digest said that Republican candidates are
expected to incorporate the digest into their campaign pamphlets,
'Senator Robert Taft, Ohio, immediately roared that the digest “has
no official standing whatsoever”, and that “nobody was consulted about
this except the campaign committees”. Told that the digest had been
prepared whh the.cooperationi of GOP national chairman^Guy Gabriel-
son, Taft still said the statement was unofficial and that no switch
is emphasis could be construed.
And Gabrielson, two days later, asserted “socialism” is still the
mijor issue. He still declared his “deep concern” over the “schemes
in Washington which have us drifting down the road to socialism”.
The progressives among the Republicans are no more pleased by
the digest than by the original statement. Said Sen. Irving M. Ives,
New York: “I still think we should specifically indorse fair employ
ment practices and other civil rights legislation and state just what
kind of a labor-management relations act we favor.” Said Rep. Jacob
K. Javits, New York: “It certainly should have found room for the
Republican position on civil rights and FEPC”. And Sen. Henry Cabot
Lodge, Jr., Massachusetts, in criticizing the original longer statement
had warned that the “Liberty versus Socialism” slogan would not
make many votes for the Republicans.
But the chief trouble with the original statement, and with the
digest, and with all the various blasts by the Republicans was point*d
mt by Rep. James G. Fulton, Pennsylvania, in his criticism of the
original statement. He said it ignored the fundamental division with
the party: Whether we go back to Methusaleh or offer alternative pro
grams of social progress within the framework of a balanced budget.”
The GOP high command, despite dissident voices within its ranks,
still wants to “go back to Methusaleh.”
The people of this nation do not.
Arc we interested in knowing how we may please Stalin? In
knowing what he wants us to do? As a people, intentionally or not,
v/e manage to do most of these things.
He is pleased with any evidence of disunity. Each time we separ
ate into groups, and stand upon the rights of any particular group,
we are pleasing Stalin. For it was by the aid of such groupings that
he separated the people of the nations enslaved behind the Iron Cur
He is pleased when we are cynically critical of those whom wo
ourselves have chosen to represent us. Stalin knows that the best way
befuddle a leader is to keep criticising him. The best way to slow
up action is to make a leader take off time to explain. We halt the
wheels of progress when we pause to find fault or complain.
He is pleased when we stop to bargain. Those who won’t join in
action for the common good until they have “theirs”—whether “theirs”
he .profits, wages, preferential treatment, or special advantages—are
perfect followers of Stalin—millstones around the neck of the nation—
stumbling blocks in its path.
He is pleased when we allow hatreds to sway us, when we permit
old resentments, fancied wrongs, unbiased prejudices to dominate our
actions, setting class against class, race against race, ereed against
creed. Stalin knows how this saps a nation’s strength.
He is pleased when we lack faith—when we allow the undercur
rent of distrust to bog down our spirits, when we lose sight of the high
goal before us. Stalin knows that a nation whose ideal is undermined
by doubt is half conqucn*d.
These are the ways in which we can please Stalin,
what we want to do
—In Ithaca, N. Y., Mrs. Mary K. Heiner, household
expert, made a report to the New York State College of
omics which will provide ammunition for union men to
their wives for decades to come. Mrs. Heiner d*clared that “Men are
the best housekeepers, liecause they get rid of work by preventing it.”
In Sevierville, Tenn., union railroad men encountered some
thing that they thought occurred only in Europe. The Smoky Moun
tain Railroad, which runs through Sevierville, failed to keep its pro
mise to repair the street on which the trains run. In reprisal the
townspeople greased the tracks and stood by cheering wlnle the train
(raveled exactly 20CO f«et in three hours.
—In Pittsburgh, the United Electrical Workers, expelled from the
CIO as a Communist-controlled organization, first reviewed its sad
failure to win even a penny wage increase from the big electrical
corporations last year, and then produced a new set of contract de
mands. Whereupon a Pittsburgh newspaper reported: “The United
Electrical Workers, which failed to win a fourth-round wage.incrca.se
last year, today announced it would go after a fifth.”
—In London, England, crusty Troy industrialists shed new tears
over the awful consequences of the Labor Government’s action in na
tionalixing the coal mines. Jack Lawshn, a miner who went into the
coal pits at the age of 12 and worked 10 hours a day, was made a
British Baron and a member of, the House of Lords.
But—is this
Hume Econ
use against
—-In Indianapolis, a major center of national union headquarters,
capitalism seems to be tottering on the brink. The CIO announced it
plans to go into the laundry business and will buy, lease or build its
own laundry. The AFL already owns and operates a laundry in the
same city with a branch in Decatur, Ill.
—In Albany, N. Y., labor lobbyists who have been campaigning
for reduced state taxes for lower-bracket incomes didn’t know what to
think when State Senator M. M. Optatis proposed an individual $500
tax exemption to taxpayers and their spouses who voted in the pre
ceding election.
—In Aliquippa, Pa., an employe of the Jones & Laughlin Steel
plant protested when he was changed to the day shift because his wife
was away during the day and he was such a sound sleeper that he
couldn’t get up in time for work. The astounded State Unemployment
Compensation Board said, “Absolutely not! No jobless pay.”
—In Copenhagen, Denmark, Mrs. Eugenie Anderson, first Ameri
can woman ambassador, got a startling introduction to Danish trade
union traditions. She threw a party for the 88 masons, carpenters and
painters who helped get the new embassy ready. As the men started
to Leave they broke a window pane—and then hastened to explain that
Danish workers always do that at a housewarming as a token of ap
preciation for a swell party!
—In New York City, members of AFL Painters District 0 drum
med up a thriving business for themselves when they passed out leaf
lets informing apartment house tenants that under new regulations
issued by the regional housing expeditor landlords must paint apart
ments at least every two years.
—In Sidney, Australia, Harry Fulton won a $10 bet, and was
made an honorary member of the brewery workers union, after he
gulped down 60 imperial half pints (more than four and one-half Am
erican gallons) of beer between 10 a. m. and 6 p. m. the legal bar
—In Algiers, where the skin of live camels must be patched up
because it does not heal like the hides of other animals, 123 camel
caretakers went on strike for a raise of 10c per patch.
—In Baltimore, the regional office of the U. S. Wage-Hour Divis
ion was swamped with applications by employers who wanted to pay
sub-minimum wages under the new wage-hour law. Among them was
an onion wholesaler who contended he should pay less than 75c an
hour because his workers nibbled on th^ onions they packed and never
needed to eat lunch.
—In Washington, union notions began infiltrating the ranks of
labor-hating Republicans. During a hearing before the Senate-House
Economic Committee, Senator Flanders declared, “I think Senators and
Representatives would do a better job if they worked a 40-hour week.”
—In New York City, it was figured up that the trial of the 11 top
Communists cost the government $128,000, which proved the Commun
ist thesis that Capitalism wastes the taxpayers’ money.
—In Jackson, Mississippi, it was reported that Republican big
wigs had again approached two top Dixiecrat leaders on the idea of
combining the two parties. The two Dixiecrats were Gov. Fielding
Wright, States Rights candidate for vice-president, in 1948, and W. W.
Wright, Mississippi representative on the Dixiecrat national executive
committee. Which proved conclusively that two Wrights can make one
—In Tokyo, union leaders who had urged abolition of the mon
archy saw a step in the right direction in the fact that Emperor Hiro
hito’s 20-year-old daughter became engaged to a clerk earning $5 a
—In Washington, it was disclosed that 345 newspaper editors
were asked “Do you feel that the Republican Party has a program that
can compete politically with Truman’s Fair Deal?” and that 91% of
the editors had answered “No.” Then all 345 editors went back to writ
ing editorials proclaiming that the GOP program is far superior to the
—In Chicago, a report made by Carl B. Roden, the city’s chief
librarian, made union bookbinders unhappy and electrical workers.glee
ful. Roden found that book publishing had dropped off about 11%* as
the production of television sets had increased about the same amount.
—In Boston, AFL and CIO leaders, who were smeared for collect
ing $1 from union members to oppose Mayor James M. Curley’s re
election, had the last laugh. Curley, who was defeated, reported that
his campaign expenditures amounted to $186,160—more than $1.50 a
—In Oslo, Norway, union taxi drivers became more devoted to V
their labor government than ever before when authorities confiscated
73 expensive foreign cars that directors of Norwegian export-import
firms had been given by American corporations.
—In Longenton, England, labor relations experts who long be
lieved that workers in routine jobs were bored and unhappy admitted
they have been crossed up by the findings of a committee set up by
the Ministry of National Insurance. Said the report: “Investigations
disclosed that workers engaged in repetitive tasks developed split
minds and carried on their jobs automatically while their thoughts
were roving elsewhere. Only 50 of 1500 workers questioned wanted to
change jobs.”
Liberals Ready For All-Out Fight
In 1950 Elections
For Labor Press Association
Washington (LPA)—The fighting liberalism displayed at the na
tional convention of Americans for Democratic Action came as a breath
of fresh air to labor and liberal leaders in Washington who has just
survived a series of depressing defeats and sorry performances in Con
The ADA convention earnest the end of two weeks which had
seen Congress:
1. Turn down the middle income cooperative housing bill and the
Administration’s aid-to-education bill.
2. Approve legislation that would allow the natural gas companies
to take billions of dollars in unjustified profits from consumers.
3. Let Senator McCarthy and other isolationist Republicans (fo
almost unchallenged in one of the most vicious smear campaigns in
American history.
At the ADA convention the bedraggled Congressional liberals
found hundreds of men and women from all over the country, repre
senting thousands of others at home, fighting mad at what had been
happening in Congress, and anxious to work for the defeat of the Me
Carthys in Congress.
Then was no sign of defeatism among the ADAers. They were
ready and anxious for a new offensive against the conservatives in
Congress. In a series of swift votes, with little division, the ADA laid
out its program and prepared for the political battle just ahead—|n
this year’s elections.
On top of everything else there was a speech from Eleanor Roose
velt, which few who heard it will ever forget. Calling for those with
convictions to stand up and fight for them, Mrs. Roosevelt said:
“There is a sense of insecurity, almost fear, among many people
today. Some people fear the possibility of war. Others fear what the
new weapons of war might mean. With others, it is a fear of what
may happen to them personally if they offend in any way. That is
the fear that concerns me most—the fear to stand up for convictions.
That fear can hurt our democracy more than any other.
“Tcwjay it takes the kind of courage it took in the early days of
our history to stand up for our convictions. At present we need all the
courage our forefathers had and maybe more—because we have a job
to do at home. We have to be unafraid. Here is where we as indivi
duals have to fulfill our faith in democracy.,1*17.
“If wo can not have confidence in
we are all trying to retain the best in our democracy if we cannot
find some basic unity in time of peace, then we are never going to be
able to actually lead the world—which is the job before us today.
“If we are not to lead the world, who is? It’s what we do here
that makes us fit to lead the world. Our problem is to prove to
the world that democracy has more to offer than communism. We have
to face the fact that this is a struggle and a great struggle.”
Mrs. Roosevelt added that one of the most important things we
must do to prove to the world that our system is best is to protect civil
rights. She said our domestic civil rights program had become of great
importance internationally.' Nor can we ignore unemployment, or in
justice of any kind, she said. One of the answers to the unemployment
problem, Mrs. Rodseveit added, "may be in backing up the United Na
tions through the Point Four program of President Truman’s.
“It seems to me,” she said, “that ADA is an organization that has
thinking people in it, and we must preserve the right to think and dif
fer. We must be able to disagree with people and consider new ideas
without being afraid. The day we are afraid to sit down in the same
room with someone because five years from now someone may say we
sat in the room with a communist—that day will be a bad day.”
Thursday, April 13, 1950
each other—that fundamentally 1
n our democracy—if we cannot"

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