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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, April 27, 1950, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-04-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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A. F. OF L. 2’JlI.Di*'G
This year’s show, fifth and larg
est yet, will be held in Philadel
phia’s Convention Hall and Com
mercial Museum next door’'the
week of May 6 to 13. a
........................... .......................... 1
Potters’ Display
Always A Feature
At Label Exhibit
Labor Press Association
Philadelphia (LPA) One day
the late I. M. Ornbum, until his re
cent untimely death secretary-trea
surer of the AFL’s Union Label
Trades Department, passed a site
which workmen were excavating
for a new building. The project
^kwas surrounded by a high board
"fence, but scores of people had
their eyes pressed to holes and
cracks to watch the digging. Orn
burn himself may have spent a few
precious minutes from a bijsy life i
observing the big steam shovels
and their operators. At any rate,
the scene inspired a great idea
which set off a train of events un
ique in labor-management history
—the Union Industries Show spon
sored by the Union Label Trades
Plans for the ware-making
display sponsored jointly by
the N. B. of O. P. and the
U.S.P.A. are nearing comple
tion, President James Duffy
announced this week As in
former shows, the potters’ dis
play will feature skilled crafts
men casting, jiggering, batt
ing-out and lining.
If people like to watch steam
3 shovels excavating a building site
(Turn to Page Three)
.Reporter Argues
’With Boss On
Editorial Page
Jamestown, N. Y. (LPA) A
newspaperman’s dream has come
true on the Jamestown Sun, where
a reporter can argue with the boss
on the editorial page, and one of
them is doing just that.
Publisher Harry Sharkey, when
he founded the morning daily a
year ago, said “newspaper staff
members frequently have better
ideas and more convincing argu
ments than the publishers. The
staff members are entitled to an
outlet, -for their personal convic
tions.” I
Sharkey is getting his money’s
worth, with the community cheer
ing and readership interest in the
editorial page at«a high point. For
Publisher Sharkey and Reporter
Prentice Bothra are slugging it out
daily on the editorial page, with
opposing views on plans for flood
control of the nearby Chautauqua
lake watershed. Bothra launched a
drive for petitions to back one plan.
Sharkey is pleading with the com
munity to turn the plan down, as
The readers are talking about
the plan, the public is being given
is being prais
... his liberalism, and staff
morale is way up. Bothra is pres
ident of the Jamestown Newspaper
^ftboth sides, Sharkey
for his liberal!
Russian Labor Law Set
For East Germany
Berlin (LPA)—Workers in East
ern Germany are now under the
Russian labor system, with unan
imous adoption by the Communist
controlled legislature of a new
labor law. The Communist press
hailed the law as a “Magna
Charta”. To those this side of the
^Iron Curtain, the law looks like
Speedup, sweatshop, and stretch
Women are to work in mines and
factories as the equals of men pay
will be on piecework basis and
“labor norms are to be increased
constantly” workers will vie in
increasing output, with medals
and bonuses for the most produc
Women are to be drawn into
heavy industry to straighten out
bottlenecks, especially in the field
of mining.
The Communist press said the
law was evidence of the full liber
ation of workers and their advance
over workers “still enslaved by
A strike against the Quaker
State Oil Co. has closed its refin
eries in St. Mary’s, W. Va., Em
lenton, Pa., and Oil City, Pa. At
stake are demands for wage im
Meanwhile the strike against the
Texas Co. continues, with the maj
or refineries at Lockport, Ill., Port
Arthur and Port Neches, Tex., and
Casper, Wyo., shut tight. The 400
workers at the Lawrenceville, III.,
refinery returned to work, but re
fused to give a “no strike” pledge.
An offer of 1000 to go back at
Lockport, pending future negotia
tions, was rejected by the company.
Although only 7600 workers of
the 39,000 are out, four-fifths of
the company’s key refining proces
ses have been eliminated, as the
strikers are the refinery workers.
Bargaining has been on a plant
basis, with over-all tactical direc
tion in the hands of O. A. Knight,
OWIU president.
v s
I Union Industries Label ShowMSr
Demonstration of Teamwork
zw/zzy ^xzz
Urges Grass-Roots Support
For Keeping Rent Control
For Labor Press Association
Washington (LPA)—Eight mill
ion families may be subjected to
“a wave of exorbitant rent in
creases” at the end of June unless
Congress extends the rent control
law for another year, President
Truman warned the legislators
April 21 in a special message three
days before Senate hearings began
on rent control extension. Unless
there’s heavy pressure from consti
tuents, many Congressmen will be
reluctant to vote the extension de
spite Truman’s persuasive mar
shalling of arguments for rent
Democratic National Chairman
William Boyle has warned all local
Democratic leaders that “The real
estate lobby will be conducting a
lavishly-financed, all-out compaign
to get rid of rent controls now,”
with the present law expiring June
30. “Many Republicans in Congress,
already too closely tied to the
real estate lobby to have any hopes
of regaining lost grounl with the
voters by voting for extension of
controls, will go along with the real
estate lobby.” He called on voters
“to explain rent control to their
neighbors” and to insure that
“grass roots support for orderly!
removal of rent controls at a time
when they will not dislocate our
economy is reflected in the votes of
the House and Senate.”
Truman told Congress that “the
time has not yet come for the final
elimination of federal rent control,”
that the wartime shortage of rent
al housing is not yet ended, espec
ially for low-income families, that
the present law allows landlords
“all justifiable increases” in rents, I
lr. ,» i? C, jft
Janitor Called
Sanitary Engineer
To Block Union
and that under the local decontrol
provisions of the law only four
states and only 29 out of the 92
cities with populations over 100,
000 have removed federal rent
The reluctance of local governing
bodies to remove controls is “clear
ly evident,” the President went on,
when you look at the facts on how
rents have soared wherever the
curbs were taken off. In 14 cities
where controls were lifted in 1949,
he said, of those units whose rents
were free to rise the proportion of
tenants who received rent increases
ranged from 17 to 74 per cent.
“There is every reason to assume
that in other cities, Truman con
tinued, “and particularly the larg
est ones, the effects of decontrol at
this time would be even more
drastic. Chicago landlords, for ex
ample, argued in court last fall
that they were entitled to a 71.5
per cent increase.” He added that
“the burden would be most serious
for the one-fourth of our families
with incomes of less than $40 a
Before the Senate Banking Com
mittee conducting hearings that
occupy the week starting April 24
are at least two rent control ex
tension bills. One, sponsored by
Senators Scott Lucas (D, lill) and
Francis Myers (D, Pa.) would ex
tend the present law for another
year, to June 30, 1961.
A two-year extension of controls,
with “strict yet flexible” provis
ions, has been proposed by Sen.
Herbert Lehman (D, N. Y.). His
bill proposes a fresh start on rent
controls. In areas where there are
10 per cent vacancies of rental
(Turn to Page Three)
111 1
1947 1948
Washington.—Workers want to
know the key points about today’s
high profits. The chart shows that
profits in 1929, the prewar all
time peak, have been dwarfed by
those of the postwar period. What
becomes of these profits?
1. Federal income taxes take a
much larger part today: 38% com
pared to 11% in 1929.
2. Even after these high taxes
are taken out, corporation profits
after taxes represent much higher
earnings on net worth today: 11%
in 1948 and 8% in 1949, compared
to 5% in 1929. This is the correct
way to measure profits, as a return
on capital. Net worth is the stock
holders’ original investment in a
corporation plus whatever profits
may have been retained since the
business started.
3. Stockholders get a small pro
portion of the profit today in the
dividends paid them, but when
measured against net worth—
stockholders* equity they get
more: In 1929 dividends were 3.5%
on net worth in 1948, 4.1% in
1949, 4.2%.
4. After taxes and dividends are
paid, what about profits retained
in the business or “ploughed
back”? That is the most interest
ing part of the story. Profits re
tained are 3 to 5 times those re
tained in 1929. This sounds extra
vagant, but there are reasons for
(A) From 1946 to 1948, corpora
tions undertook the largest pro
gram of expanding and reequipp
ing their plants ever known. It
cost them almost twice as much as
in 1929.
(B) In addition, they needed
vastly more working capital. Sales
were about double 1929, prices
rising fast, reaching a peak 50%
above 1929. Corporations needed
(Turn to Page Three)
Cushing, Okla. (LPA)—The
finery here of the Deep Rock
Co., and its crude production and
pipeline facilities in Oklahoma and
Kansas have been closed by a
strike of the Oil Workers. The dis
pute is over exclusion of certain
employes from the bargaining unit.
The company tried to have 40
percent of the present bargaining
unit excluded, claiming they were
supervisors. In one case the firm
sought to exclude a jaintor by call
ing him a “sanitary engineer”. In
one instrument shop, of four em
ployes, the company tried to class
ify three as supervisors.
„. HY^lX Ilf
iiEjr i
1 «vsma 11 1
©he otter# tlera
Mrs. Mary Smith
Tendered Surprise
By Her Shopmates
Trenton, N. J.—Attending What
was represented to be a reunion of
former employees of the old Mer
cer Pottery, Mrs. Mary Smith, 81
years young, was tendered the sur
prise of her life on April 19, when
she learned he friends had planned
the party in her honor.
An aunt of Dorothy Bissett .of
Local Union 35, Mrs.* Smith was
born in England and came to this
country on what was to be a visit
with her uncle, the late Feed
Swann of the Swann & Whitehead
pottery. She was 20 years old.
She became interested in clffiha
decorating and went to work at
old Swann & Whitehead pottery’ on
Muirhead Avenue and later joined
the decorating staff of the Mercer
Pottery. She was there for about
30 years before her retirement 26
years ago and during her stay help
ed teach many others the art of
china decorating. It was her asso
ciates during that time who con
ceived the idea of the party.
Mrs. Smith makes her home with
her daughter, Mrs. Anna M. Apple
CWA Workers In
New Jersey Win
Wage Pay Boost
Under New Jersey’s law barring
utility strikes, arbftiptioti was com
pulsory, and binding on both sides.
The union has set April 26 as ai
deadline for a nation-widfe strike,
which would involve 206,170 mem
bers. .■
The awafti gave New Jersey
workers an increase of $2.50 a
week, bu£ workers with six months
service and less than a year get
50 cents those with nine months
service get $1.50. Some of the 500
with less than six months service
will benefit from upgrading.
Cities upgraded were: Camden,
Trenton, Atlantic City, and Pleas
antville, where workers will get $1
to $3 more in addition to the gen
eral basic increase.
The award also included a modi
fied union shop termination allow
ances, with no top limit, and a one
year no-strike clause.
Beime declared the union’s posi
tion that phone workers should get
a general wage increase has now
been substantiated. “If pay boosts
are justified in New Jersey, they
are justified in other places. It is
time for AT&T to take the halter
off its companies and let them
really bargain.”
He pointed out that even with a
substantial pay boost, phone work
er earnings would still be well be
low most other industries. “No
(Turn to Page Three)
Local Union 86 will elect
delegates to the convention at
their next meeting on Monday,
May 1st. All members are
urged to be present.
it rtlr
Local Union No. 26
Kckorho, Ind.—Ixcal Cnjon 26
has not reported to th® trade for
some time but that not nu an
we are not moving along in for
ward style.
There have been some anges in
-fficers since the f-r.-t rf the year.
President Bob Mitchell was ap
pointed temporary cast shop fore
man and Bro, McCann has assum
ed the presidency and doing a f.ne
job. Financial Secretary Bob Snow
resigned his post, due to illness,
and Bro. Kaufman was named to
succeed him.
Since we now have the check-off
system, Bro. Rutherfoid’s office
was abolished. In passing Bro.
Snow is up and around again and
he looks as if he needed a little
exercise to take off
poundage gained while
We are happy to report some
small gains in our welfare and pen
sion program now in effect. We
wish to thank our negotiators for
their efforts in our behalf and of
ficials of the firm for their coop
eration. ... —O.C. 26
Profits So High
Most Firms Can
Boost Wages Now
Washington.—Profit levels are so
high generally that most corpora
tions are able to increase wages
this year.
That is the conclusion of an AFL
study published herewith.
The AFL has urged local unions
to seek wage increases of 10 to 15
cents an hour or more this year to
raise consumer purchasing power,
keep the nation’s industrial mach
ine turning at full speed, and re
store full employment.
Reports just published show that
profits in the first quarter of 1950
are up $1,000,000,000 from the
fourth quarter of 1949.
Washington (LPA) Wage i
creases for 11,500 members of the
Communications Workers, were
granted in an arbitration award in
New Jersey. The union hailed the
award as “the first significant
break in the current telephone
wage dispute,” and Joseph A.
Beime, CWA president, said “we
hope this development will get bar
gaining off dead center in our other
25 sessions across the country.”
The Standard & Poor outlook of
April 10 gave the earnings outlook
for 1950 as 10 percent above 1949
in 14 industries: brewing, chem
icals, coal, tin containers, electrical
power, gold mining, meat packing,
natural gas, paper, radio and tele
vision, railroads, rayon yarn, beet
(/’“r? _(? Jty1 TJiree)^^^
Railroads Launch
Their Campaign
To Kill Labor Act
Washington (LPA) The na
tion’s railroads launched their cam
paign to wreck the Railway Labor
Act when Sen. Forrest Donnell (R,
Mo.) introduced a bill April 21 to
outlaw all strikes and lockouts on
the railroads. His bill would make
arbitration compulsory, with de
cisions enforceable by court injunc
His estensible excuse was the
strike called for April 26 by the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire
men and Enginemen against four
railroads, but his real target, said
rail union leaders, was two-fold:
To rip apart the rail labor act, and
to kill off the bill, on which hear
ings will start next week, to auth
orize the union shop for railroad
Donnell’s measure was a glimpse
of what is in store for labor if the
Republicans win control of Con
gress in the fall of 1950, for he
said his measure is in line with the
Taft-Hartley act, section 2, which
recognizes “limitations or qualifi
cations” on the right to strike.
“Strikes in the great industry
covered by the Railway Labor Act
are an outstanding illustration,”
said Donnell, “of the fact that in
some cases the interest of the pub
lic requires restrictions to be im
(Turn to Page Three)
the extra
be running
the writer
Everything seems to
smoothly as far as
knows The only problems before
the local are completing some
minor details to get the contract
ready for signing, and ironing out
the inequities now existing between
bowls, miscellaneous ware and
lavatories straightened out.
There seems to be something
wrong when an A-l bowl caster
runs from four to six dollars per
day less than a lavatory and one
piece combination caster of equal
ability, and when one of the best
casters in the shop with twenty
five years service is refused a lava
tory bench that is open and given
to a two-year man.
This is not a criticism of the
newer man, but we think when a
man gives twenty-five years ser
vice to a company, the least they
could do is to let him have a choice
job when it is open.
The union reported receipts as of
April 18 from the emergency strike
assessments of $2,078,109 and ex
penditures of $2,090,015, answering
management charges that the union
is prolonging the strike to fatten
its treasury. Emil Mazey, union
secretary-treasurer, said $1,663,634
went in direct donations to locals
$377,158 was for insurance pre
miums for March and April, $41,
316 went for newspaper ads, and
$2670 for radio time.
Because the union’s position has
not been reported fairly either in
the press or radio, the UAW has
starter! a daily newscast at 7:15 p.
m. by Guy Nunn, over CKLW,
which is heard throughout Mich
igan and parts of nearby states.
Walter Reuther, UAW president,
replied to Dubinsky: “This splen
(Turn to Page Three) I
The Nat’l ^bapciation of Real
Estates Boards has been spending
an average of $130,000 a year on
influencing Congress over the past
four years, Executive Vice-pres
ident Herbert U. Nelson told the
Congressmen. Its Washington of
fice only dates back to 1942, mak
ing it one of the war babies of the
lobby industry, formed to fight
rent controls and construction curbs
during the war. Nelson insisted
with a straight face that it was
formed to help relocate some 35,000
federal workers whose offices were
moved out of Washington after:
Pearl Harbor.
Under cross-examination by
Buchanan and Rep. Henderson Lan
ham (D, Ga.), the committee got a!
picture of the kind of man Nelson
is and how he views the Congress
and government which he is trying'
to influence.
.“I do not believe in democracy,’’I
he wrote lost year to President
Theodore Maenner of NAREB, in al
letter Buchanan read in full. “I
think it stinks. I believe in a re
public operated by elected repre
sentatives who are permitted to do
the job, as the Board of Directors!
should. I don’t think anybody ex-1
cept direct taxpayers should be al
lowed to vote. I don’t believe wo-
is the new headquarters of the Int’l Confederation of Free Trade Unions
in Brussels, Belgium. Democratic non-Communist union organizations
throughout world have jc’red together to make ICFTU a success.
Anr.-ncan ofi.cers include repr sentativ. s of the AFL, CIO, and United
Mine Workers. Inset—Paul Finet, president of the ICFTU.
Garment Workers
Give $100,000 To
Chrysler Strikers
Detroit (LPA)—The executive
board of the International Ladies
Garment Workers-A FL has voted
unanimously to contribute $100,000
to the Chrysler strike fund. David
Dubinsky, ILGWU president, in a
telegram to the United Auto Work
ers, said: “Your unflinching stand
in present struggle vouchsafes de
cisive victory and commands whole
hearted support and solidarity of
all organized labor. Good luck and
best wishes to your union and its
officers.” The entire sun. will be
distributed to Chrysler locals: for
direct relief of the 89,000 on strike.
Transit Workers
Demonstrate For
Wage Increases
New York (LPA)—Seven thous
and members of the Transport
Workers Union defied New York
state’s Condon-Wadlin law April 17
by stopping work for four hours.
The statute, adopted by the Repub
lican controlled legislature in 1947,
forbids strikes by state or city em
The strikers, maintenance em
ployes of elevated, subway and bus
lines owned by New York city,
acted to dramatize thate campaign
for wage increases, a shorter work
week and fringe benefits. Opera
tion of the lines was not affected.
The demonstration was carefully
staged. The union had promised
there would be no disruption of
service. Moreover, the city govern
ment was able to contend that
there was no real violation of the
Condon-Wadlin act because the
strikers had given notice they
would be “absent” during the four
hour period.
The workers massed in front of
the city’s Board of Transportation
headquarters where they were ad
dressed by Michael J. Quill, the
union’s international president.
Quill said the demonstration prov
ed the union could shut down the
whole municipal transit system or
any part of it whenever the mem
bers wished to. He threatened an
all-out strike if the Condon-Wadlin
law were invoked or if the union’s
Real Estate Lobby Head
Says He Hates Democracy
Washington (LPA)—What
makes the real estate lobby tick—
and how it fights its day-by-day
battles with labor and civic inter
ests before Congress—is being
probed by the special House com
mittee investigating lobbying acti
vities. The real estate lobby in
quiry, which covers the realty and
builders’ as well as the labor aryl
public housing lobbies, is the first
specific matter before the commit
tee headed by Rep. Frank Buch
anan (D, Pa.).
men should be allowed to vote at
While nettled that the committee
investigators had obtained the let
ter from NAREB’s files (after
NAREB voluntarily opened them),
Nelson gave the committee a vig
orous and even more outspoken de
fense of his tory views. “In our re
public we do not trust majorities
very far,” he insisted.
Nelson read to the committee an
editorial from the current week’s
issue of “Headlines”—the NAREB
newsletter. “After a short visit to
England and France,” he wrote in
a signed editorial, “one comes
home to thank God that we still
have a republic instead of a demo
cracy in the European style.” He
went on to quote Karl Marx and
then wrote: “In the democracies a
simple majority becomes an unres
trained tyrant. It can abrogate all
rights of minorities and often does.
As wise old Ben Franklin said, we
do have a republic, but we have to
be constantly alert to keep it. The
most insidious attacks upon the re
public are those which come dress
ed up with humanitarian appeals
and which would make of our fed
eral government a centralized
hand-out agency to redistribute
the fruit of our thought and labor
at the dictates of bureaucracy. Let
us fight to keep our republic. If we
lose it, we lose all individual and
property rights as well.”
Nelson’s views were upheld by
the two ranking Republican mem
bers of
to believe in the filibuster in the
Senate is because it is the only way
to protect minorities.” He told Nel
(Turn to Page Three)
the committee, Reps.
Halleck (R, Ind.) and
Brown (R, Ohio). Added
“One reason I have come
3 '.I"
$2.00 PER YEAR
Over 200 Present
At Anniversary i
Party of Local 45
Trenton, N. J.—Local Union 4$
celebrated their 50th anniversary
on April 22 with a dine and dance
party at Hotel Hildebrecht with
over 200 present. The large turnout
was more than we had anticipated
and Chairman Elijah Watson and
his committee done some last min
ute maneuvering that is worthy of
Seated at the speakers table were
Chairman Watson, Mr. Pieslak,
Mr. Bentley, First Vice President
E. L. Wheatley, Fifth Vice Presi
dent Arthur Devlin and officers of
the local.
A telegram was received from
President Duffy regretting his in-
ability to be with us, due to illness.
We hope he has fully recovered.
Five charter members were pre- -*1
sent including Mr. Prince, cele
brating his 89 birthday, Ruben Me
Devit and Tom Dennis.
Mr. Pieslak and officers of the .1 4
local got off with taking a bo*'/,
when called upon, but not so with N,
Mr. Bentley for his remarks are al
ways timely and his counsel very
helpful. First Vice President
Wheatley responded for our na
tional officials.
We had good representation from
Locals 35, 49, 87, 174 and 175. Bro.'
Hugh Church from Perth Amboy
was also present.
Following the dinner Miss Bailey,
soloist and Gary Pentz, phonograph
impersonator entertained.
Walt Mellor’s orchestra provid
ed music for the dancing which
lasted until midnight. Some of our
younger members featured with a
type of rug-cutting that proved
them real artists.
The committee on arrangements,
headed by Chairman Watson, who
incidentally was celebrating an
other milestone in life, included a
Bros. Ansell, Hannah, Gray, South
ard, Conte and President Smith.
Credit is due them for
At our last meeting
items up for discussion
iority, welfare and pensions. Vice
President Wheatley and Organizer
James Solon made a report of a
meeting held with company offi
cials previous to our session and it
is now up to the three locals what
is done regarding the offers that
have been made. Should they be
endorsed, the company hopes to
have the welfare set-up in opera
tion by June 1st. This includes
family hospitalization we have been
seeking for a long time. Pensions
may take a little longer due to
government regulations, but we be
(Turn to Page Three)
10 Mayors Urge
Rent Control In
Call On Truman
Washington (LPA)—The mayors
of ten cities told President Truman
April 20 that housing conditions
in their municipalities make con
tinuation of rent control impera
tive. The mayors were from St.
Louis, Boston, Los Angeles, St.
Paul, Baltimore, Lexington, Ky.»
Muncie, Ind., Canton, Ohio, Aber
deen, S. D., and Seattle.
The president told them there
was no doubt in his mind that rent
control, expiring June 30, should
be extended, that he has told Con
gress so, will continue telling it so,
and will do everything in his power
to see that legislation extending
rent control is enacted.
He declared he leaned to the pro
posal offered by Rep. Spence (D,
Ky.) chairman of the House Bank
ing and Currency Committee, which
calls for affirmative action by the
cities affected, before Dec. 31.
Under the present law, decontrol
action must be affirmative.
Net Profit of GE In First
Quarter, History Highest
Schenectady, N. Y. (LPA)—Net
profits of General Electric Co., for
the first three months of 1950, were
38 per cent over the same period in
1949 and the highest in the com
pany’s history, President Charles
E. Wilson reported to 2000 stock
holders here. New records were set
in sales, profits, and production.
Net profits were $36,858,000 com
pared to $26,703,000 in the same
period in 1949.
Wilson reported all-time high
production records in television,
radio and refrigerators, and said
he expected new marks to be set
in ranges and irons. Net sales were
$418,450,000 or 2 per cent over
the first quarter in 1949, and sales
of electronic products were 34 per
cent higher. Orders for heavy
equipment were 25 per cent over
the same period in 1949.
fix w
a job well
the major
were sen-
I.. ....

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