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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, April 27, 1950, Image 4

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■pored ves.
Pnhlialwd ovary Thursday at East Live* pool, Ohio, by the N. B. of O. P., owning and
operating tM Beet Trades Newspaper and Job Printing Plant in the State
■ntarod at Post Office, East Liverpool, Ohio, April SO, 1M2, as second-class matter.
Accepted for mailing at Special Rates of Postage provided fur in Section 1100,
Act of October IS, 1S17, authorised August 20, 1018.
HARRY L. Qtt.t. Mit™- and Busineu Manager
Ona Y«r to Any Part of the United States or Canada------------------------------------- 12.00
Pneiitor* James M. Dttffy, P. O. Box 752, East Liverpool, Ohio
First Vie* Prwident—E. L. Wheatly, Room 215, Brood Street, National Bank Build
Second Tice j^idsnV^JL_F™k*H^l, 0111 Pacific Blvd- Huntington Park, Oallt
Third Vice Preaident—.— James Slaven, Cannons Mills, Has4 Liverpool, Ohio
fourth Vico President——Charles Zimmer, 1*45 Ohio Avenue, Trenton 8, Now Jersey
Ifth Vice President.-------------------- Arthur Devlin, 285 Ashmore Ave., Trenton, N. J.
Sixth Vise Pi widen* *\an*r Dates, 915 Alton St., Eaat Liverpool, Ohio
Seventh Vise President- T. J. Desmond, 825 E. Lincoln Way, Minerva, Ohio
Boh th Vies President. Joshua Chadwick, Grant Street, Newell, W. Va.
facrutary-Tneasurer—---------.Chas. F. Jordan, P. O. Box 752, Eaat Liverpool, Ohio
ManufacitaM— -M. J- LYNCH, W. A. BETZ, J. T. HALL
Manufacturors_______________________ E. K. KOOS. H. M. WALKER. W. A. BETZ
Mwwfaetor— rnRIBT DIETZ, Sr., W. A. BETZ. RAY BROg?gg
It's About *Qme
s Labor, once captivated by the prospect of planning our
way into prosperity, is finally awakening to economic real
ities, Editor Frank Saylor of the Wilmington Labor Herald
tartly observes. In proof he cites from a protest of Daniel
W. Tracy, president of the AFL International Brotherhood
of Electrical Workers, against anti-union policies of the
Rural Electrification Administration. The brotherhood, the
protest made plain, is getting a fair deal from private com
panies, “but we cannot secure equal treatment from the
REA. This is an alarming fact which must become appar
ent to organized labor and all others concerned with the pro
The IBEW is not the first labor union to discover the
disadvantages of dealiag with government agencies en
trenched in industry. Nor is it going to be the last one to be
taught the expensive lesson that whosoever sups with gov
ernment pays the bill. From the AFL Metal Trades Depart
ment, under the vigorous leadership of veteran President
John P. Frey and Secretary-Treasurer James A. Brownlow,
come complaints against employment policies in the navy
yards, culminating in the charge that compulsory labor is
used to replace free workers.
The spokesmen of the powerful AFL metal trades look
upon the highhanded tactics of the military as “a challenge
to the rights of the civilians totalitarianism in its in
itial stage.” We thoroughly agree. We go a step farther by
asserting that challenge extends beyond the civilian domain
to the very structure of our society and economy.
There is more to the threat of statism than the hired
hands of government want the public to know. To be sure,
the amenities and processes of democracy are strictly ob
served. But behind the smokescreen of a supposedly alert
electorate government is concocting a brew that is both a
headache and a belly ache. Unless the people—that is, labor
and all elements concerned with the preservation of our
basic freedoms—limit government to the business of govern
ing, they will soon find themselves at the mercy of a system
so obscured by bureaucratic interests and complex that it
defies any ordinary solution.
Thanks, Mr. President
President Truman came thru admirably for the |eople
when he vetoed the Kerr Bill to exempt independent natural
gas producers from federal regulation.
Altho the gas interests protested wildly that the mea
‘suTe would not increase the bill to consumers, we felt they
did “protest too much.’’ Too much money was spent for its
passage and too much lobby pressure was exerted for it to
Im? a matter of “principle” only. Somewhere down the line
the gas interests expected to strike pay dirt. That some
where was probably a rate hike after the congressional elec
tions, so that the “wrong” votes on the Kerr Bill could not
hurt the congressmen’s getting back into office.
The newspapers are now saying that labor dictated to
the President and that he followed its wishes for political
reasons. The fact is Mr. Truman followed the wishes of a
majority of Americans (including countless mayors, many
governors, and thousands of public-spirited people in no way
connected with labor) who didn’t want to be bilked by the
gas producers. If this is playing “politics,” it’s the brand
that we approve of, for its protecting the interests of all.
If the gas companies planned«no rate rise, then they’re
not out a sou—and the public is safe from an unwarranted
We say, thanks, Mr. I*resident. We predicted you would
not forget the people—and you didn’t.
Satevepost Tells Salesmen To Fight
Postal Rate Boost
Maybe this is why no one believes the editorials in The
Saturday Evening Post:
Almost every week you can find a rip-snorting editorial
in the magazine ranting and raving against the New Deal
and the Fair Deal. According to these editorials, Congress
should abolish just about everything—except tariffs, of
Yet this week The Post is sending out letters to its sub
scription salesmen suggesting they write to their Congress
men to protest the proposed increase in magazine and news
paper postal rate*.
All publications get a Government postal subsidy.
There’s talk in Congress of increasing it to help the Federal
Now you would think the Post would heartily supixirt
such a move. It's getting the Government out of business,
isn’t it?
But the Post is in there fighting for its subsidy. Which
raises this question: Why is a subsidy good when it helps
line the pockets of the Post, but terrible when it aids the
Sound Point Of View
A bill requiring a daily pledge of allegiance to the flag
from all students in New York state public schools has been
vetoed by Gov. Thomas E. Dewey.
“Patriotism is aroused in the voluntary devotion of its
citizens and not in their being compelled by law to manifest
respect for its institution? by daily rituals/’ he said.
How The T.-H. Law Works
Though the press is still printing yarns to the effect
that Labor has not been hurt by the Taft-Hartley Act, lead
ers of Unions know better. Before the law was enacted, the
workers in a firm or plant could organize in their proper
Union and start negotiating for an agreement. If the em
ployer refused to recognize the Union, or to negotiate, the
workers were free to act. The story is much different today,
Now when workers in a business firm organize, the^
employer can demand an election. Then he can delay and
stall for weeks, meanwhile putting the heat on the members
to force them out of the Union. He also can fire as many as
he pleases and the Union has no standing. By the time the
election rolls around perhaps he can threaten and browbeat
so many of his employees that the election will go against
the Union.
Yes, we know, the Union can file Unfair Labor Practice
charges with the NLRB, but what happens then? A hear
ing is held, and maybe the employes refuses to pay any at
tention to it. Then the ease goes to the big NLRB in Wash- t:
ington, D. C., where it is kicked around for a year or two,
while the members grow disgusted, the boss wins and wages
are kept down. If the big NLRB board finds the employer
guilty, all it can do is order him to cease and desist and post
a harmless notice on the bulletin board.
Taken altogether the Taft-Hartley Act is as vicious a -.j
piece of legislation as ever was passed by unscrupulous con
gressmen. It has got to be repealed. But, repeal can only
come if we elect congressmen to do it and this we can never
do unless working people are registered.
Familiar Tune
Does this sound familiar?
“. the facts brought out in the Guaranty TrustCom
pany statement are worth considering. This scheme (bank
deposit insurance) is being forced on bankers against their
judgment. .,. They say the whole of history is against
bank guarantees that it hks been tried in eight states
and failed it invites bad banking practices, relieves bank
ers of direct responsibility for Safety of depositors’ money,
makes depositors careless in selecting banks, gives reckless
bankers undue advantage.
“The real brains in Congress are opposed to the bank
guarantee. But the real brains are futile against the sort of
zeal which forced it into law.”
That was written in 1933 by Frank Kent, the columnist
who all but foams at the mouth whenever he sees a progres
For Frank Kent you can substitute today Westbrook
Pegler, George Sokolsky, David Lawrence, Fulton Lewis—
or Frank Kent.
For bank deposit insurance you can substitute health
insurance, better housing, wider social security coverage,
aid to education, cheap electricity.
It doesn’t make much difference. The same little men
who oppose a better, decent world for you and your children
today are the same breed which in the past has fought every
thing from public education to bank guarantees to fair
Understanding A Dispute
Now and then you have seen a Union picket walking his
beat in of a non-Union or struck place of business.
it only employs one or two people? 1
Well, look at it this way, and you will see the reason:
If a firm which employs only a few people refuses to pay
Union wages or live up to Union standards of decency in
working conditions, and if the Union affected fails to take
any action, what happens? Naturally, the public does not
know, and continues to patronize the struck establishment,
with the result that the Union people affected directly are
out of luck. The non-Union operator takes a czar-like atti
tude toward his employees he pays what he pleases he sets
his own standards, and to hell with the workers.
i If this one little outfit, employing only a few people,
can get away with it, other firms can do the same thing.
Hence, there are more and more non-Union firms. The
Union cannot sign special, in?ide agreements with chiseling
employers the Union must enforce one wage scale and one
standard of conditions for all employers and firms in a given
industry, for that is the only fair way to deal. Hence, if one
firm, employing only a few, cuts wages, and gets away with
it, a general cut js in the offing for all who work in that in
Statistics Show How End Of Control
Hits Small-Income Group
Who gets caught in the middle when rent controls end?
You do, brother.
If you’re an average guy making from $50 to $75 a week
you’ll get hit hard if rent controls are not renewed this year.
But the fellows up in the $5,000-a-year bracket will hardly
notice the end of rent controls.
Controls were lifted recently in Dallas, Spokane, Salt
Lake City and Topeka. The Bureau of Labor Statistics made
a survey in these four cities to see what had happened. It
The Dallas family that had an annual income of $2,000
a year and had its rent increased had to pay an average of
47 per cent more each month for a place to live.
But the average rent increase of the $5,000-a-year
Dallas man was only 35 per cent. The same situation was
true in the other three cities.
Asks Employment Study For Older People
Rep. Helen Douglas (D., Calif.) believes Congress should
do something about employment problems of older men and
She wants the House to set up a special committee to
study this question. She says:
“Employment for older people is one of the fundamen
tal problems of aging. Continuance on a job gives the older
person status or recognition among his fellows, provides
financial security enables him to maintain his home
and preserve his health gives him something to do and
opportunity to be with other people.
“From society’s jMiint of view, the employed older per
son is an economic asset, is a producer of goods or services
needed by society, and is a more contented individual.”
Mrs. Douglas points out that in many cases older per
sons are even better workers than young men and women.
Okay, Joe?
Joe Martin, leader of the House minority, says Congress
and the Administration should “balance the budget and be
gin retirement of the national debt.”
In view of the fact that veterans’ hospitals already
established or under construction will provide beds for 13L
000 patients when the expected peak load of cases is only
55,000, the best place to put Joe Martin’s advice into practice
is on Joe Martin’s proposal to build a veterans’ hospital in
Joe Martin’s district.
—front, .... .. consumers so that more of the products of American industry can
.(Perhaps you have said: Why IS there a strike on that plM5e, n
*“L------------' businessmen have shown any tendency to eut prices in order to increase
the demand and the market for their products. Instead the tendency
Mas been to maintain or to increase prices to try to protect or increase
the phenomenal profit margins of recent years. This is self-defeating
because if there is not enough of a market for all the products of in
dustry then total profits will fall.
Yeah! But Cm He HIT?
Labor's Tremendous Stake In 1950
Elections Pointed Out
For Labor Press Association
Announcement of the decline in unemployment in March brought
an almost immediate end to the discussion which had been going on
as to whether the government was prepared to do anything if busi
ness took a bad turn. This is most unfortunate because it indicates
that we are still not gearing our thinking to forward planning but
rather to makeshift and patchwork adjustments.
Although there is not much serious pessimism on the economic
front, many persons in the government anti in business expect unem
ployment to go above five million during the summer months. Pay
ments of the National Service Life Insurance refunds to veterans un
doubtedly have stimulated business in the past couple of months but
they are now tapering off and retail sales may begin to fall off. Un
employment may then turn up not only because of increases in the
total labor force but also because of declining employment.
What is especially distressing is the fact that so little recognition
is given to the basic reason for unemployment. We stick out our
dhests and pride ourselves on the fact that employment is as high as
it was a year ago, but we skim over the fact that obviously there is
not enough buying power in the hands of the mass of American con
sumers to create a sufficient market for the employers in this country
to hire all the people who are available to work.
Maybe it isn’t a national disaster when only 7 percent of our labor
force is unemployed, but those four million workers who can’t find a
job are 100 percent unemployed, and it is a serious problem for them.
The level of employment can never be regarded as satisfactory as
long as any significant number of workers are unemployed. The real
test of the desirable level of employment is in relation to the total
labor force and not in relation to some level of employment in the
Sast. In 1932 there were as many persons employed in the country as
ad been employed twenty years earlier, but there were 15 million
persons looking for jobs in vain.
Unless there is some significant increase in the real buying power
sold, we shall be faced with increasing unemployment. Too few
There is little evidence that the government is really prepared to
meet the situation of increasing unemployment effectively. President
Truman has asked Congress for increased coverage and benefits under
the unemployment compensation system. This created a bit of a stir,
but as soon as the statistics showed a decline in unemployment for
March, almost nothing further was heard about this important mea
sure. This is further evidence of Congress putting on the blinkers
when it comes to planning and looking ahead. There has been some
planning and preparation for expanding public works, but such plan
ning has been on a small scale compared with what may be needed.
In the field of taxation, there is little talk—let alone action—
about gearing the tax structure and tax rates to the requirements of
the economy. If unemployment tends to increase or even remains at
present levels, the taxes which fall most heavily on the middle and
lower income groups should definitely be reduced. This means the eli
mination of most excise taxes, the Lifting of exemptions, reduction of
income tax rates at the lower levels, and a general shift in the taxation
program from the lower income groups to those with higher incomes
and to corporations.
Effective plans to prevent unemployment or to halt and overcome
depressions when unemployment begins to increase cannot be expect
ed as long as the composition of the Congress is not substantially
changed. The coalition of conservatives in both parties is still strong
enough to prevent essential liberal legislation. Therefore labor has a
tremendous stake in the 1950 elections. Only moderate shifts in both
the House and the Senate are essential to insure that there will be
a Congress in 1951 and 1952 which will truly refh'ct the interests of
the American people and which will support legislation designed to
avoid mass unemployment and to prevent those hardships which have
come to the American people in past depressions.
Before many more months have passed, most labor unions will
have succeeded in winning pension and social security programs in
their negotiations with employers. Negotiations will then begin on
new contracts, and labor faces a serious decision in determining its
objectives in these new negotiations.
Unless industry voluntarily reduces prices now so as to increase
real buying power of the workers, and thereby restore full employ
ment, labor unions must again strive for wage increases in an effort
to re-establish the basis for continued prosperity and full employment.
Union leaders will be watching price and employment trends in the
months ahead in order that coming negotiations will be based on econ
omic policies which are in the best interest of the workers and the
Interesting But Not Important
The most aggravating man I know has the disconcerting habit,
just when I think I am telling an effective story, of saying, in a polite
ly bored tone, “Interesting—but not important”. The result is that I
feel completely deflated, and determined not to be caught that way
We Americans do love a good story—so much that we can’t help
adding all the little extraneous details that would make it complete,
whether or not we actually saw or heard them take place. Our minds
work quickly, so we jump to conclusions—not always the right ones.
We supply the “missing” motives for other people’s actions, not from
the knowledge of their lives, but as though we were/Hiding letters to
,a cross word puzzle. We know it all—and we tell it all.
Our enemies know this habit or ours, and t^ey feed in interesting
details of fiction, clad as fact. Because these details are interesting,
we pick them up and pass them on as illustrative of the breadth of
our own knowledge. (Listen to yourself some time and see how much
or how little you really know of what you say, of how far you are
from telling the actual, provable truth.)
But—misstatements are not the only danger in our telling of tales.
If we would spend half the time working than we do talking of work
ing, just think what we could accomplish!
We could solve the age-old problems of unemployment and pov
erty, of ignorance and sickness, and even eradicate for all time the
fungus of hate and suspicion that is the breeding place of wars. All
Jthis we could do, if we would put the important things first in our
jives, realizing that they are the truly interesting things if we would
stick to fact in our speech, and if we would act and not merely talk.
our speech, and if we would act and not merely talk.
But sometimes*whcn I listen to the long harangues and speeches, tration failed to win by Congressional action seems far-fetched, says
both professional and amateur, about the crisis that today we must
all face, 1 wish some superior sort of being would drawl out “Interest
ing—but not important”, and deflate one and for all the multitude of
well rounded, highly imaginative stories.
Thursday, April 27, 1950
—In Washington, D. C., an unpublicized fight-to-the finish feud
.between the Communications Workers of America and the Bell Tele
phone monopoly added fuel to the fire of CWA strike preparations.
Three weeks ago the union moved to new national headquarters in the
nation’s capital and promptly notified the telephone company that it
wanted its switchboard transferred to the new building. With incred
ible effrontery the telephone company sent out three non-union men,
who were bounced before they knew what happened. CWA demanded
the company send out union men to install the board the company
snarled back that there weren’t any union men free. Back and forth
‘the controversy raged. Three weeks later the switchboard still wasn’t
installed and CWA was making strike plans, angrier than ever.
—In Belton, Texas, Big Bill Hutcheson haa good reason to cast a
speculative eye at the new home being built for Mr. and Mrs. Louis L.
t. Carpenter. The five carpenters doing the job are all named Carpenter
—Joe, Tom, Holt, Kyle and Wayne.
—In Berlin, Germany, the German Communists proved their en
thusiasm for the new Soviet economics by introducing legislation re
quiring every husband to pay a “fair wage” to his wife for perform
ing her household duties.
—In Denver, a local of the AFL Operating Engineers picketed
two locals of the Teamsters’ Union, complaining that the Teamsters
had failed to support one of the Engineers strikes.
—In Albany, N. Y., a New York stevedore asked the State Income
Tax Board to let him deduct the two quarts of blackberry wine and
'the two quarts of gin he bought each week in order to conserve water
during the drought.
—In London, England, the Union of Post Office Workers demand
ed that the Postmaster General revoke an ancient law prohibiting
postmen from smoking while delivering the mail. The Union declared
that the postmen were often embarassed at having to refuse cigarettes
from smoking housewives.
—In New York City, the Wall Street Journal assured big business
executives that “bankers’ ulcers” are such an exclusive disorder that
they have to be cured with a drug named “Beta-diethylamino-ethyl
xanthene-9-carbexylate methobromide.”
—In Detroit, the Detroit Free Press continued its campaign*
against a national health insurance program while featuring on page
1 news stories and pictures about Harold Coppens, a school bus driver.
Coppens, according to the paper, was holding down three jobs and
working 75 hours a week in order to pay $31 a day for a hospital in
cubator for his baby son and baby daughter, who were born prema
turely. At his regular job, his whole year’s salary wouldn’t keep the
twins in the hospital for more than 80 days.
—In Tokyo, Japan, American labor advisers to General MacArthur
confessed that U. S. unionists might learn a thing or two from the
Nipponese after the Japanese Senate expelled Tomozo Ogawa for
voting in favor of a bill he had argued against.
—In Cottage Grove, Wis., taxpayers voted 43 to 32 to create a
new municipal job which would seem to preclude anyone but an ancient
Hercules. For $2000 a year the new office-holder must “do street work,
take care of the parks, take care of the town hall, take care of the fire
station, take care of the pump house, flush water mains, haul rubbish,
—In Washington, Irish leaders in the AFL and CIO, who got their
respective conventions to go on record against the present partition
of Ireland, were unhappy about all the publicity received by Sir Basil
Brooke, prime minister of Northern Ireland, on his visit to Washing
ton. The labor men were wreathed in smiles, however, when Sir Basil
crossed up his own publicity by boasting an ancestor of his had burn
ed the White House in the War of 1812.
—In Detroit, two UAW members whose discharge caused a four
month strike at Gar Wood Industries were finally awarded $1242 in
unemployment compensation. Two men got their-checks in a ceremony
in the offices of the Michigan Unemployment Compensation Commiss
ion with a union cameraman recording the event. But the 800 men
who walked out in sympathy couldn’t collect a penny.
—In Philadelphia, the Steelworkers were given an idea of how
Bethlehem Steel Co. made its record-breaking profits last year. When
the Philadelphia City Transit Department asked for bids to Supply
steel rails for the Locust street sobway, the only bid came from Beth
lehem and even then the company refused to mention a price. «rfq
—In New York City, a Communist attempt to exploit amateur
basketball players was halted by a yell of foul when seven former
cage stars for City College of New York discovered that the benefit
game in which they had promised to play was sponsored backstage by
the Daily Worker.
Now It's 'Socialism
To Try To Get
Rid of Denham
“Paul Revere” rode again—in
famous ride depicted a little in-
Washington (LPA)—Recently
Washington—in celebration of the
accurately in Longfellow’s poem. The original Paul Revere sounded
the alarm, “The British Are Coming”. Today, the anti-labor Commit
tee For Constitutional Government is sounding another alarm: ‘So
cialism is coming”.
What is it this time? Why, it’s President Truman’s Reorganiza
tion Plan 12, which would abolish the office of general counsel of the
National Labor Relations Board. That would mean the removal from
the public scene of Robert N. Denham.
Now Denham’s passing would bring dancing in the streets by or
ganized labor, which has suffered from his bias ever since passage of
the Taft-Hartley act. All other arguments aside, if this plan brings
anguish to the Committee For Constitutional Government, it must be
good for the people—the people, not the corporations.
Approval of Plan 12 would bring “the greatest emergency since
the Wagner act”, says the latest broadside from the CFCG. The plan
would again place in the NLRB, “as a Kangaroo Court, the combined
{lowers of prosecutor and final judge in disputes between labor union
eaders and employers,” says the Committee. (Note that nice touch,
please. Disputes are not between unions and employers, iut between
labor leaders and employers, says the Committee).
The Committee urges all citizens to write, airmail, or telegraph,
to their Senators and Congressmen, to protest “this use of an execu
tive order as a device to usurp the constitutional power of Congress.”
If this plan is approved, says Joe Ball (remember him?), “Taft-Harb
ley would be largely nullified by interpretation. For practical purpose^
the Administration would have won much of its fight for repeal of
the Act.”
We wish that were so. It’s nothing of the kind, of course. And by
the way, since two can play that game, why don’t you write, or airmail,
or telegraph, to your Senator or Congressman, telling him you are
for Plan 12.
The Committee for Constitutional Government, of course, is not
only for T-H as is, but thinks it doesn’t go far enough. The Commit
tee would be happy to see even more stringent hamstringing of the
collective bargaining process. But let’s see wbat the Washington Post,
a sober and responsible paper, certainly not pro-labor, has to say
about Plan 12.
The objection that Plan 12 would do indirectly what the Adminis-
the Post. Even Senator Taft admits the present arrangement is de
fective. Last year he voted for an amendment that would have re
turned to the board the powers exercise! by the general counsel, al
though he is now opposing the reorganization plan. Furthermore, he
concedes that there is no direct legal objection to the proposed shift,
of functions.”
The Post editorial points out that the “existing extreme separaV
tion of powers has given rise to friction. and has seriously inter
fered with effective enforcement of the law.” The editorial notes that
only Denham can determine when to issue a complaint in unfair labor
practice cases, with the result that “both labor and management are
confronted by a double standard, the work of the board is needlessly
increased, and litigation before the courts is encouraged.”
Admitting that the present setup was “a laudable attempt to sep
arate the prosecuting from the judging functions of the board”, the
editorial declares “this division of functions has done infinitely more
harm than good
The proposed plan, says the Post, entails no change in the present
setup that cannot be justified as a proper exercise of the authority
given the President by Congress to reorganize the executive establish
ments. “This reform is imperatively needed to eliminate the friction,
uncertainty and delays resulting from the present two-headed admin
istration of the law.”
As the Committee For Constitutional Government advises, write,
airmail or telegraph your Senator and Congressman. But tell them
you are for, *nd pot against, Plan 12.

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