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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, April 27, 1950, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-04-27/ed-1/seq-6/

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PAGE SIX
Rome (LPA)—Freedom, secur
ity and a decent standard of living
are the key objectives of the Mar
shall Plan and the free trade
unions of Europe are in the fore
front of the struggle to win them,
Ambassador Milton Katz, deputy,
special representative of the Econ
omic Cooperation Administration in
Europe, told the Trade Union Ad
visory conference here this week.
Such things as increased pro
duction, economic integration and
freekm of trade, upon which em
phasis has been placed, are merely
the means to the end of attaining
in every ‘Marshall Plan country a
prosperity in which all citizens—
not just the favored few at the top
—may share, Katz said.
9 The TUAC represents the free
trade unions of the Marshall Plan
countries in the Office of Euro
pean Economic Cooperation, the all­
European group set up to make
US aid as effective as possible.
Katz discussed two specific pro
grams of OEEC and ECA a
greater measure of European unity
and increased production—and how
their work fits in with that of the
TUAC.
“1 want to keep constantly be
fore us the goals which alone give
meaning to all we try to do,” he
said, “peace with justice and free
dom steady jobs and a decent stan
dard of living the right and the
opportunity for each man to realize
to the full all of his capacity for
growth as a human being.”
Of increased productivity, Katz
said: “It is only through higher
productivity that Europeans can
live better and more securely and
Europe can pay its own way in the
world. The productivity drive is a
program to get at the problem dir
ectly in the workshops. This extra
margin of productivity could be
used in part to make more goods
available for current consumption
at lower prices and raise the pre
sent standard of living in Europe.”
Katz stressed that European re
sources must be developed and new
investment must be made in plant,
inland reclamation and in training
workers and farmers. “But deeply
as the workers will understand the
.need to guard the future,” he add
ed, “they will also want more food
and clothing and housing today.
These needs for increased exports,
for new investment, for a better
standard of living for the worker
today must all be met. In the world
as it is, none can be met fully, but I
we must strive to meet them all in
practical measure.”
Increased production means in-
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4
creased income, he said, and in a
democratic country the free trade
unions will see that the workers
get a just share of it. Likewise, he
said, they will help obtain higher
production. “No one has more to
gain than the workers from in
creased productivity,” he said,
“and no one has more to lose if the
effort fails. Increasing productivity
means more jobs, greater security,
more opportunity, and richer and
more varied life.”
“The impression seems to be that
our concern for broadening markets
and closer association among the
nations of Europe somehow implies
an inadequate concern about exist
ing or potential unemployment.
This is nonsense. There is no ques
tion about the objective of high
and stable employment. The real
question is how to achieve it and
maintain it. The choice among
methods is the critical point.”
A stirring call to the nations of
Europe to put aside narrow, na
tionalistic selfishness in the inter
est of stimulating trade with each
other was sounded by D. U. Stik
ker, foreign minister of Holland
and OEEC political conciliator and
council chairman.
“Only by honestly admitting,”
he said, “that in our own self-in
terest we shall have to shoulder
each other’s burdens and make
sacrifib*s for purposes far remov
ed from the traditional fields of
direct governmental action, we
shall be able to embark on the new
and promising road of a ‘multilater
alization of sacrifices’ that is the
only road which will create a truly
European unity.
“It is inevitable that the greater
liberalization of trade will affect
the whole complicated structure of
protected industries and agricul
tural enterprises which have grown
and sometimes flourished behind
barriers of protection.
“The advantage of the large
European market for those who can
produce at competitive prices with
out the protection of tariffs, quotas
and premiums is so great that they
should be willing to compensate
the losers in the struggle. In every
country certain groups will lose but
the whole community will benefit,
and these gains will so far over
shadow the losses, that those can
and should be borne in the common
interest............
“What is needed now is a new
series of ‘political devices' to bring
our respective governmental sys
tems in harmony with the great
technical unification of Europe
which is taking place.. 1 am con
vinced that the moment for decisive
action was not yesterday, is not
tomorrow, but is today.”
ANTLPK’KETING INJUNCTION
IN ST. LOUIS VOIDED
St. Louis, Mo. (LPA)—A per
manent injunction which prohibited
picketing of Gruet Motor Car Co.
here by the Machinists and Teams
ters in their effort to organize the
employes has been thrown out by
the St. Louis Court of Appeals.
The court held that peaceful picket
ing was a right guaranteed by the
Constitution.
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
•3
Over $500
for so little"
Phone Main 10
&
v«s»'
Hola!
Douglas Dissent
Hits Georgia’s
Biased Vote Law
Washington (LPA)—The Sup
reme Court has upheld Georgia’s
county unit primary law, which
favors the rural areas at the ex
pense of the cities, and thus min
imizes the Negro vote, which is
concentrated in the cities. The vote
was 7 to 2, Justices Douglas and
Black dissenting. Georgia’s county
unit system is considered the last
’oophole around Supreme Court
rulings outlawing the “white pri
mary.”
The right to vote, said Douglas
in his dissent, “includes the right
to have the ballot counted” and
counted “at full value without dilu
tion or discount”. He said the
Georgia system provides “substan
tial dilution.”
The decision was a victory for
Gov. Herman Talmadge and the
‘white supremacy” advocates. In
affirming the ruling of a lower
court the decision said Federal
courts did not pass on cases “pos
ing political issues” which arise
from a state's “geographical dis
tribution of electoral strength
among its political subdivisions.”
In the primaries in Georgia
(equivalent to election), a candi
date who polls a majority in a
■ounty gets that county’s unit
votes. The units vary from two to
dx. Thus the smallest county, with
?12 registered voters, has two unit
votes. The largest, with 1,000,000
.oters, has six.unit votes. (Under
the system Gene Talmadge won the
governorship, though he had a min
rity of the state popular vote.)
Since it is only in the cities that
the Negroes dare vote, this sys
tem, Douglas pointed out, “heavily
disenfranchises the urban Negro
population?’ The system, Douglas
said, “undermines the advances”
made in previous decisions which
threw out other efforts to balk
coting by Negroes.
The state of Georgia argued that
the right to vote in a state pri
mary was not covered by the
Constitution or federal laws,
Douglas cited Supreme Court
visions to the contrary. He contin
ued: “The racial angle of this case
only emphasizes the bite of the de
cision which sustains the county
I unit system of voting. The discri
mination against citizens in the
more populous counties of Georgia
is plain. The creation by law of
favored groups of citizens and th*
grant to them of preferred political
rights is the worst of all discri
minations under a democratic form
of government.” He pointed out
that in Georgia, where nomination
in the Democratic primary is equi
valent to election, “it would be a
travesty to say that the true elec
tion comes later on.”
You At 1 he Show
w
1‘hiladelnhia.—These Spanish-costumed Americanos will grace
the 5th AFL Union Industries Show booth of the AFL Cirgarmakers
International Union and the Cigar Manufacturers Association of
Tampa. The exhibit will feature a special showing of tine cigars
produced in Tampa and hand-made humidors of fine inlaidI woods
made in Cuba. Cigarmakers President Mario Azpeitia and Frances
M. Sack, secretary of the Tampa manufacturers association, will be
continuous attendance at the booth during the May 6-1B show.
US
but
de-
Declaring the decision “under
mines advances” made in previous
rulings, Douglas said “those decis
ions are defeated by a device as
deeply rooted in discriminations as
the practice which keeps a man
from the voting booth because of
his race, creed or color or which
fails to count his vote after it has
been cast.”
Teamsters-Employers Join In
Drive For More Business
New York (LPA)—Local 807,
Teamsters-AFL will join with the
Motor Carrier Association, a trade
association here, in a campaign to
return shipping to the city, as part
of a long-term peace treaty.
Under the pact, strikes and lock
outs are
barred until Sept. 1, 1954,
and Arbitration machinery to settle
grievances is set,up, with provis
ions for arbitration on wages and
working conditions at tw’o-year In
tervals.
Both sides hope that such a move
will restore confidence and increase
shipping into this city, diminished
by strikes in 1946 and 1948 scars.
Local 8C7 has 10,000 drivers who
haul food, medical supplies, news
print and miscellaneous supplies.
•f
OBITUARIES
MISS IVA RONSHAUSEN
Miss Iva Ronshausen, 40, former
ly of East Liverpool and Newell,
died April 23 in the Lightfritz
Nursing Home in Weirton, follow
ing a five-month illness.
Miss Ronshausen was a gold
stamper for 15 years for the Ed
win M. Knowles China Co. She
had been making her home with
her sister, Mrs. Thelma Clark, in
Weirton for five years. She was a
member of the Christian Union
Church at New Matamoras.
She leaves her mother, Mrs.
Margaret Ronshausen of Weirton
three other sisters, Miss Evelyn
Harsha of Marietta, Mrs. Mildred
Lippincott of Steubenville, and
Mrs. Margaret Anderson of East
Liverpool, and five brothers, Merle
Ronshausen and Glenn Ronshau
sen of Weirton, Dwain Ronshausen
of Colliers, Bernard Ronshausen of
Toronto, and Willard Ronshausen
of Marietta.
AVERY G. DAWSON
Avery G. Dawson, 81, died April
26 in his home, 908 Florence St.,
following a six-week illnes.
Mr. Dawson was bom in George
town, a son of George and Phoebe
Mackall Dawson. He came to East
Liverpool 50 years ago. He was an
amateur baseball player in his
younger days. He was employed as
a watchman for the. Hall China Co.
and was a member of the National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Jen
nie Dawson two sons, Claude H.
Dawson and Bert A. Dawson of
East Liverpool, and three grand
children.
MISS MARGARET ASHMAN
Steubenville, Ohio—Miss Marg
aret Cashman of 1400 Orchard
Street, died of complications April
17, in the Ohio Valley Hospital,
She had been in ill health for the
last six months and a patient at
the hospital for a few days.
A life-time resident of this city,
she was born here August 22, 1890.
She was a daughter, of Mrs. Bar
bara Hommel Cashman and the
late Maurice Cashman.
Until her illness, she was em
ployed as a stamper at the Steu
benville Pottery Company. She had
been a member of Local 20 for the
past twenty years. She attended
Holy Name School and was a de
vout member of Holy Name Cath
edral, the Altar and Rosary So
ciety and the league of the Sacred
Heart.
Solemn requiem mass was cele
brated in Holy Name Cathedral.
Besides her aged mother, Miss
Cashman is survived by a sister,
Mrs. M. P. Kenefick of Steuben
ville. A sister, Kathryn Cashman,
preceded her in death.
Retail Clerks Told GOP
Slogan Is Smoke-Screen
Centralia, III. (LPA)—The Re­
publican party’s slogan of “Liberty
versus Socialism” is only a smoke
screen, the convention of District
1, AFL RetajI Clerks, was told by
Charles M. La Follette.
The national director of Ameri
cans for Democratic Action called
the slogan a Halloween pumpkin,
and recalled that as far back as
1914 the reactionaries were attack
ing as “socialism” the right of men
to join unions that the child labor
law were called socialism, as were
the anti-trust laws, the parcel post
act, workmen’s compensation laws,
the eight-hour day, and other mea
sures in the interests of the people.
When the GOP speaks of liberty,
said LaFollette, it wants “liberty
for monopolists, and liberty to ex
ploit the small businessman, the
farmer, and the worker.” The issue
today, he said is “the right to have
a truly free country for your chil
dren to live in.”
Ask for Union Labeled merchan
dise.
THE POTTERS HERAtt), EAST LIVERPOOL. OHIO
Dritish Budget*^
Dashes Hope For
Wage Increases^
London (LPA)—Despite the fact
that the British Labor Govern
ment’s “wage slowdown”' policy
has been rejected by the country's
sixth largest union, the new budget
presented by Sir Stafford Cripps
held out little hope of any change.
The only reliei granted was a
slight cut in income taxes, which
would benefit only those in the low
est income brackets. The budget
did little to lower the cost of liv
ing, but Sir Stafford renewed his
pleas to both labor and capital not
to disturb the present uneasy bal
ance between wages and prices.
The wage slowdown policy was
rejected at its April convention by
the Shop, Distributive A Allied
Workers (the British equivalent of
retail clerks in the US.)
Thus the retail clerks joined the
miners, metal workers and rail
workers in opposition to the gov-1
eminent on the wage issue. Of
Britain’s “Big Six” unions, only
the Transport A General Workers
Union and the General A Munici
pal Workers now approve the slow
down, which amounts to a virtual
wage freeze for the current year.
In January, the British Trades
Union Congress, the national body,
accepter) the slowdown by a narrow I
margin. Had the retail clerks op
posed it then their stand would
have killed the policy three months
earlier.
The handful of Communists in
the clerks’ union led the fight
against the Labor government’s
proposal. However, the Commies
are so small a minority that they
could not have succeeded without
the support of rank-and-filers who
believe they need more money to
make ends meet.
Meanwhile, the Federation of
Shipbuilding A Engineering Unions
has been sending strike ballots to
its members throughout Britain.
The Federation speaks for upwards
of 5,000,000 workers, seeking high
er pay. The London Daily Worker
is jubilant.
Labor party leaders argue that
wage increases now will wipe out
the trade gains Britain achieved by
devaluing the pound.
Some Labor party people want
another national election right
away in the hope that they can|
tf*bteger
majority in Parlia
ment anti have greater freedom of
action on wages and other matters.
.... ...... ............ ....
Television Boom
Brings Few Jobs
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
Contrary to popular notion, the
radio and television industry has
provided relatively few additional
job, as a result of the great tele
vision boom. Employment in Jan
uary was only 4 percent higher
than in January, the U. S. Labor
Department’s Bureau of Labor Sta
tistics says, an approximate in
crease of 5,000 in the production
worker force. Accelerated produc
tion of television sets was accom
plished almost completely by intra
plant transfers of workers pre
viously employed on radio set pro
duction.
An indication of the mushroom
ing sales of video sets is the re
port from manufacturers that they
accounted for almost $600 million
of the radio-television industry’s!
$850 million sales in 1949. In the
5 months ending January, 1950,
approximately 2 million video sets
were produced, compared with 6,-|
000 sets throughout 1946.
According to the BLS study, 5
factors contributed to this meteoric
risei (1) technical research com
pleted during the war which waited
for peacetime application (2) an
existing and available industrial
base in the radio industry (3) a
fund of ingenuity and “know-how"
which overcame “bugs” and “bot
tlenecks” in production (4) im
proved sets and decreasing prices
resulting from mass production
methods (5) the decision of con
sumers to enter the market in the
fall of 1949 when it became evid
ent that the allotment of upper!
high frequency channels would not
occur for a year or more. Expira
tion of consumer credit controls
gave an added fillip to consumer
demand.
Simultaneously radio set pro
duction dropped during 1949 from
the 20,000,000 established in /1947l
to about half that total.
ST. LOUIS MEDICS LIBERAL
ONLY IN THEORY
St. Louis (LPA)—The St. Louis
County Medical Society got well
deserved applause when it voted to
admit Negro doctors. Then a Negro
applied, and the society’s council
turned thumbs down. A motion to
override the veto at a general mem
bership meeting attended by 100
of the 275 members lost, lacking
the necessary two-thirds vote.
Asked the St. Louis Post-Dis
patch in an editorial: “Do the other
175 agree with the council majority
that tha organization should be on
record favoring admission of Ne
groes while at the same time fail
ing to make good its
pious affir-
...V-
& K
AS
h!
Makes A Point}
Washington.— AFL Secretary
Treasurer George Meany empha
sizes a point in speaking to A FL
organizers. These are some of his
points:
1. The nation has 40,000,000 un
organized workers who should be
in unions.
2. They are losing $2 to S3 a
day in wages by not being in the
AFL.
3. Organized labor is the great
est force in making this nation the
wealthiest.
4. Organize, Organize, Organize.
5. We have the potential politi
cal power to defend ourselves. We
must get the votes.
Labor Unions Not
Giving Up On
Co-op Homes Bill
Washington (LPA) President
Truman on April 20 signed the re
mains of the middle-income hous
ing bill, but union and co-op lead
ers indicate they’re not satisfied
that the measure will meet the
housing needs of the nation’s mid
dle-income families.
President William Green of the
AFL called Congress’ removal of
co-op housing provisions from the
bill “only a temporary setback.” He
added that “Although it carries
special benefits for the builders
and bankers, it contains very few
advantages for millions of families
who want to buy or rent new homes
and apartments at prices they can
afford to pay.” The measure, he
charged, is “generous only to the
private builders” so far as mort
gage insurance terms are concern
ed. It “does little to eliminate ex
cessive charges and fees by specu
lative builders,” and “does nothing
to revise the terribly low standards
of the Federal Housing Adminis
tration which place the approval of
a government insurance system be
hind housing projects with inade
quate space for family living.”
Immediately after Truman sign
ed the bill, Federal Housing Ad
ministrator Franklin Richards an
nounced the setting up of a coop
erative housing division in FHA,
under the direction of Warren J.'
Lockwood, a man who has had no
experience with housing co-ops
and whose background is in the
real estate business in New York
and New Jersey. He has been with1
FHA since 1934. Richards said that
“FHA is prepared and ready to as
sist all cooperatives to the full ex
tent of its legal authority.” Under
the new law, no special aids for or
ganizing co-ops are provided, but
where a co-op is ready to start
building, FHA will insure up to 90
or 95 per cent of cost on co-op
projects. The mortgage amounts
are limited to $8100 to $8550 a
dwelling unit, at 4 per cent inter
est rate, for not more than 40
years. This is a far cry from the
proposals in the labor-backed bill
rejected by House and Senate in
March.
Teamsters Plan
Over Road Check
Chicago (LPA)—An over-the
road check for 1950 set
18 to 23 was announced
week to 400 delegates of
Teamsters by Dave Beck, executive
vice president.
for June
here this
the A FL
Beck told delegates representing
the national trade divisions that
the check will serve a
purpose: to bring in
members, see whether
have paid up dues and
learn whether the cargo
warehouse manned by union em
ployes.
three-fold
non-union
members
finally to
goes to a
The trade divisions were set up
by Beck a year ago. The meetings
held here .were the first since then.
According to Beck, the 1949 check
resulted in 38,000 new members.
And he expected an even greater
number to be brought in with the
current check.
The delegates also worked on co
ordination plans and activities as
well as the organizing drive which
it is hoped will double the member
ship. Suggestions from the policy
groups were referred to the indi
vidual trade divisions for actions.
Beck told the delegates meeting
here for four days that he would
recommend to the executive board
that the union go into the insur
ance business. It was his belief, he
declared, that retirement pensions
and sickness and accident policies
would make every eligible man
want to join up and stay in.
After a husband has been com
pletely reformed, what's left?
I .li
That is the answer suggested by
the AFL National Association cf
Letter Carriers in a letter and
statement from President W. C.
Doherty and other officers.
Mr. Doherty said that by the or
der “the historical role of the sys
tem as one of swift, certain and
dependable means of communica
tion is discarded.” He said the post
office is one of the most useful
American instituticms.
“It is not an instrument subject
to the whims of penny-wise and
pound-foolish administrators,” he
said. The union sent the following
letter to members of Congress:
“We are seriously alarmed over
the instructions contained in the
Postal Bulletin of Tuesday, April
18. Having spent the greater part
of our lives in the postal service
and representing 102,000 letter car
riers, we feel that the orders will
result in irreparable damage and
the destruction of our fine postal
system. It will make the great
postal service the government
function closest to the lives of the
American people—a second-rate in
ferior government agency.
“We have always been mighty
proud of the fact that the postal
service rendered excellent necess
ary service. The service ideal is as
sassinated by the orders issued by
the Post Office Department.
“Delivery of mail nationwide is
restricted to one delivery a day in
residential districts and service is
greatly reduced in business dis
tricts. Parcel post deliveries are to
be cut in half in business areas.
Weekly magazines such as Time,
United States News, Newsweek,
and all others that have become an
important part of American hie
will no longer receive expeditious
handling.
“The prompt mail delivery that
the American people have been re
ceiving will not be available.
“Postmasters have been ordered
to discontinue directory service on
all ordinary mail other than perish
able matter and parcels of obvious
value. This order contains many
other provisions, every one of them
seriously restricting the fine deliv
ery now being afforded the Ameri
can people and imperiling the post
al service itself.
“These orders will result in tre
mendous money losses to American
business and great inconvenience to
the general public. Postal employes
—particularly low-paid substitutes
—will suffer greatly because of the
reduction in the number of trips.
All this despite the following state
ment of postmaster General Don
aldson, which appears in the infa
mous order:
‘Splendid progress has been
made and the productive effort of
the employes has been increased as|
ride with
rX’*
-^THE v,r-
Outriders
Thursday, April 27, 1950
DOHERTY ASKS PEOPLE TO FIGHT
CUT OF THEIR POSTAL SERVICE
Washington.—Congress and the&—-— ICT
general public should meet the or
der reducing U. S. postal service
by stating in the most unequivocal
terms that the United States Post
Office belongs to the American
people everywhere.
indicated by the accomplishments
in the fisoal year 1949, compared
with the fiscal year 1939. During
that period, the revenues increased
more than 110.72 percent, the num
ber *of pieces handled increased
64.70 percent, the weight of the
mails increased more than 104.73
percent while the increase in the
number of employes was less than
48.43 percent.’
“We appeal to you as a member
of Congress to take immediate cor
rective action against this devast
ating, illadvised, and unnecessary
order issued by the Post Office De
partment under date* of Tuesday,
April 18.”
SIMPLE SERVICES MARK 5th
ANNIVERSARY OF FDR DEATH
Hyde Park, N. Y. (LPA)—Seven
wreaths, including one from Pres
ident Truman, were placed before
the grave of Franklin D. Roose
velt, as part of the simple memorial
services April 12 marking the fifth
anniversary df his death. Friends,
neighbors, members of the family,
a few of his associates in govern
ment and representatives of labor
were among the 500 attending.
Representing labor were William
Green, president of the AFL Jacob
S. Potofsky, president, Amalgamat
ed Clothing Workers, and Mrs. Sid
ney Hillman, widow of the former
AcWA president. A wreath from
the Brotherhood of Railroad Train
men was among the floral tributes.
Demand the Union Label.
INSURED
irst Federal Savings
i Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave,
CERAMIC
6 DAYS BEGINNING FRIDAY
JOEL McCREA
ARLENE DAHL
I BARRY CLAUDE
“OFTEN AN ORPHAN”—Colored Cai
“VAUDEVILLE DAYS”—2-Reel Fea
NEWS of the DAY in Pictures
3T
I
SULLIVAN JARMAN, Jr.
WHITMORE NOVARRO I
Story and screen play by IRVING RAVEICH
Directed by ROY ROWLAND
Produced by RICHARD GOLDSTONE
A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Picture

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