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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, May 04, 1950, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-05-04/ed-1/seq-5/

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Thursday, May 4, 1950
iLobor Hits Posted Service
jCuts As "Penny-Pinching
"Move Crippling Business
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
Labor reaction to Postmaster Gen
eral Jesse M. Donaldson’s order
cutting postal service in the name
jof “economy” wgs prompt.and vig
AFL President William Green
^lasted the order as “penny-pinch
ing” which would cripple the postal
^service, handicap business and in
jerease unemployment. The Nation
al Association of Letter Carriers
Renounced the order as “illtimed”
\^and “a rape of the postal service.”
The order would cut home mail
deliveries to one a day, curtail ser
^vice to business offices and reduce
^street mailbox collections.
.:» Galling for a congressional inves
tigation of the Postmaster Gener
al's order, President Green declar
ed it would “cripple the postal ser
vice and severely handicap business
iwhich must depend upon prompt
jand efficient mail service.”
See Move “Ridiculous”
“In the name of economy,” he
continued, “the order will cost the
^American people many millions of
dollars. At a time when unemploy
ment is becoming serious, it will
throw many thousands of addition
al employes out of work.
“The American Federation of
jLabor will demand an investigation
iby Congress of this unwise and un
necessary blow at our vital postal
’3 “Isn’t it ridiculous to spend huge
'gums of government money to de
velou high-speed mail transporta
,Jtion%y air, only to have the mail
held up by horse-and-buggy deliv
ery on the ground
Prompt Inquiry Urged
“If the Post Office Department
is so anxious to make a better book
keeping showing and wipe out an
alleged operating deficit, why does
n’t it eliminate wasteful expendi
tures to railroads for hauling empty
mail cars across the continent and
for hauling mail back and forth be
cause of lack of storage at terminal
“The Postmaster General’s order
is equivalent to saving a few drops
at the bung while wasting gallons
at the spigot. The traditional policy
of the postal system has always
been service above all. That policy
must be maintained to protect our
national economy. Congress should
move at once to investigate the
Postmaster General’s penny-pinch
ing order which would nullify that
William C. Dbherty, president of
fhe National Association of Letter
Carriers strongly denounced the
order at West Orange, N. J. He
spoke to the 56th convention of the
The day you stop wishing and
itart saving is the day you start
down the road to a Brighter
Future. The things you want
most, plus priceless peace ol
mind, are yours with the security
of “money ip the bank”. Set your
goal now-start a savings account
with us today. You'll find a
friendly welcome.
SAVE now at
First National
Member FDIC
.East Liverpool'* Oldest Bank
for happier
New Jersey Letters Carriers Asso
10,000 Job Loss Estimated
“We are deeply regretful that
one in whom we had so much faith
is increasing the unemployment
lines in the United States,” Do
herty said. “We are happy that
steps are being taken in Congress
to have the order rescinded.”
Doherty declared the Postoffice
deficit was not a real one.'
It was estimated that atfbtft 10,
000 temporary and part-time em
ployes will be laid off throughout
the nation under Donaldson’s order.
Postal officials in New York City
said it may cost the jobs of 10 per
cent or more of the city’s 44,200
post office workers. The order was
sharply assailed in Congress and
action was urged to have it rescind
ed immediately.
........... Men
Return, Phone
Talks Continue
New York (LPA) The 11,000
installation workers of the West
ern Electric Co. called off their
strike early May 1 and returned to
work. The fiction averted a.possible
nation-wide telephone strike, be
cause the installers had threaten
ed to picket, and other members of
the Communications Workers would
not have crossed the picket lines.
The 104 installation workers at
South Bend, Ind., whose walkout
precipitated the strike, went back
to work, while settlement terms are
Meanwhile a tentative agreement
was reported between Northwest
ern Bell and CWA division 45'
representing 16,500 in Nebraska.
Minnesota and the Dakotas, but
any agreement is subject to review
by the CWA executive board. Else
where agreements were shaping
up much more slowly than forecast
when the CWA cancelled its strike
Union Insurance Firm To
Invite Industry On Board
Baltimore (LPA) When
Union Labor Life Insurance
celebrates its 25th anniversary
.next year, industry and manage
ment representatives will be in
vited to sit on its board of direc
tors. This is to avoid the idea that
it is labor’s closed corporation,
President Matthew Woll said at
ULLICo’s annual meeting here.
John Blackburn of the Lithograph
er’s Union-CIO was added to the
board this year.
137 West Sixth Street
John, Greta, Betty, Jack
Dinner S^Cooking Ware
Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and All Furnishing*
To Make a House a Comfortable Homo
Established 1880 Hverpool, Ohio
Convenient Terms v J.
a r’%
'Veep Greets AFL Officials
Washington. The Union Label Trade* Department released this
photo of Vice-President Alben W. Barkley, booster of the 5th AFL
UNION Industries Show, May 6-13, showing the popular Veep wttb,
*1. to r., Vice-President Albert Adamski of the AFL United Garment
Workers, AFL Vice-President George M. Harrison, president of the
Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, and Fannia M. Cohn of the AFL
International Ladies Garment Workers Union.
Fight Purchase of UN Supplies
From Nations Using Slave Labor
New York City (ILNS). Pur
chase of equipment or supplies for
the new United Nations headquar
ters from countries employing forc
ed labor will be opposed by the
American Federation of Labor.
An AFL spokesman made~it
known at temporary UN headquar
ters at Lake Success that the fed
eration’s executive council was
keeping a watchful eye on the
award of contracts to countries
that have been accused of slave
labor practices.
The AFL has charged before UN
agencies that the Soviet Union and
other states in the Communist bloc
have been guilty of holding millions
of workers under slave labor con
ditions and has presented detailed
documentation to the Economic and
Social Council in support of its ac
Both the Soviet Union and
Czechoslovakia have indicated that
they are interested in selling furn
ishings to the United Nations for
use in the world capital, now under
construction here. A list compiled
by the United Nations shows that
both states are interested in sup
plying floor covering and carpet
ing, office machines and radio
equipment, as well as photographic
and microfilm supplies and furni
So far no formal action has been
taken to bring the case before the
AFL council, but there is a chance
the matter will be discussed when
it meets May 8 at Philadelphia.
Two Liberals Team Up To
Defeat Oregon Reactionary
Klamath Falls, Ore. (LPA)
Henry Semon, registered Democrat
with a long arch-reactionary re
cord, is seeking a tenth term as a
representative from this district to
the state legislature. Opposing him
for the nomination in the May 19
primaries are Jesse Smith, farmer,
and Jerry Rutledge, farmer and
railroader. But instead of fighting
each other, they are jointly fight
ing Semon. They’ve posed together
for pictures on their political cards
and when one can’t make a political
rally, the other speaks for both
himself and his opponent.
Semon’s supporters, desperately
seeking a campaign issue, have
tagged Smith and Rutledge as
“left-wing socialists.” The people
don’t seem to be biting on that:
Portsmouth, Ohio (LPA) The
first united labor rally ever held
in Southern Ohio has been arranged
for the high school auditorium
here the night of April 28, under
the auspices of the AFL, CIO,, and
Railroad Trainmen. Posters and
paid ads in the local papers have
been used to publicize the meeting,
open to the yublic. The aim is a
record turnout of voters in the No
vember election.
Milwaukee (LPA) Present
trends in “character assassination”
exemplified in the present Wash
ington loyaty investigations were
strongly condemned in a resolution
adopted by the executive board of.
the AFL Auto Workers, here. The
board declared that if this trend
continues it will prove to be as “ef
fective in the destruction of basic
rights guaranteed under our demo
cratic form of government, as the
subversive force of Communism
which we are trying, to eradicate.”
Strike Is Lockout
But OWIU Fails
To Shed Any Tears
Denver, Colo. (LPA)—Ordlmr’ly
a strike turned lockout would look
like bad medicine for a union, but
not in the case of the Oil Workers
and the Texas Co. The union is
shedding no tears.
On April 4 a strike of 8000 oil
workers shut the Texas Co. refin
eries at Port Arthur and? Port
Neches, Tex., Lawrenceville and
Lockport, Ill., and Casper, Wyo.
A few days later the 1000 strikers
at Lockport offered to return to
work. Management, suspicious, ask
ed “on what conditions.” When the
union said “no conditions,” the
company rejected the offer. The
strike thus became a lockout, fr
A few days later, the strikers at
Lawrenceville offered to return to
work. The company agreed. But
still suspicious, the company put
only a third of the plant in opera
tion. The unionists mostly stand
around and draw pay.
A few days later still, the Casper
workers offered to return. The
company .agreed. In three days,
with the complicated refinery just
getting back into production, the
workers gave notice they were
striking again, “negotiation® hav
ing proved fruitless.” Management
started buttoning up the (plant
again. Thirty-six hours later, the
union notified management ft had
postponed the strike indefinitely.
After a huddle, the management
ordered the workers out, thus mak
ing it another lockout.
Next day at Port Arthur and
Port Neches 6000 showed up at the
gates, offering to go to work.
Management refused, thus creating
two more lockouts.
At Lawrenceville, the company is
operating at one-third capacity,
afraid to get the big stills and
catalytic cracking units going full
blast, in view of the possibility of
another strike.
With the union workers locked
aut, the company cannot run in
scabs without first giving the union
members a chance to return to
work. And if the company lets the
union men back in, the strike may
be renewed if the company does
not settle down to bargaining.
Furthermore, in most states, the
locked-out men can get unemploy
ment compensation. If they were
on strike, they couldn’t.
Shortly after the strike began/
the company sued the union for
$500,000 charging the union violat
ed the contract at Port Neches by
failing to give sufficient notice.
Next day the company filed suit
for $1,505,500 damages in the Lock
port strike—which was by then a
lockout, and not a strike. Then the
company forgetfully locked out the
Port Neches workers, and the union
promptly sued for $2,000,0(0 plus
all lost pay for the duration, charg
ing the company had not given the
required 90 days’ notice.
The current situation sees four
fifths of the company’s refining
capacity idle. The company can
now offer to reopen, and risk the
heavy expense of going back into
production with the worry of the
added expense of closing again if
strikes are renewed. The company
can keep the plants idle by its
lockout order. Or the company can
really bargain.
Demand the Union Label.
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen
fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brother Leroy Paxton, jespgctejl and gdmired for his fellow
ship and character, and
Whereas, We the members of Local Union 122, recognize
the loss of this Brother, and shall cherish and respect the
memory of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy
and esteem, it is hereby further,
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to
his family, a copy of this resolution be published in our
official journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the
minutes of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family.
Also that our charter be draped in mourning for a period of
Senate Group Told
Union Shop Will
Halt ‘Free Riding’
Washingtnn (LPA) The rail
way union)- v-,ant Congress to auth
orize union shop contracts so “free
rider*” won’t be taking union-won
benefit without s uming union
responsibilities, George M. Harr
ison, president of the Brotherhood
of Railway Clerks-A FL, told the
Senate Labor committee May 1.
Harrison was L•■'ifying on a bill
amending the Railway Labor Act,
which now bare the union shop for
rail workers. The bill is sponsored
by eight members of the Senate
Labor committee and Rep. Robert
Grosser (D, Ohio) in the House of
Representatives. Senatorial spon
sors are Democrats Elbert Thomas
of Utah, Herbert I.-hrr.an of N'.-w
York, Hubert Humpiax^ of Minne
sota, Matthew Neely of West Vir
ginia, James Murray of Montana,
Lister Hill of Alabama and Claude
Pepper of Florida and Republican
Wayne Morse of Oregon.
Only opposition encountered by
Harrison came from Sen. Forrest
Donnell, the diehard Mis.-nuri Re
publican who’recently introduced a
bill outlawing railroad strikes. The
Clerks’ president flustered Donnell
by saying he was from Missouri
too, which might be the reason he
couldn’t see why* “free riders”
should get union benefit* without
paying dues. Harrison cited a Sup
reme Court decision which impo.-es
on rail unions the duty of bargain
ing for non-members wherever a
majority of the worker* want to be
represented by the union.
Donnell apparently wanted to
prove the rail unions undemocrn+:c,
but the veteran AFL leader can/ it
him at every turn. He told Donnell
that under the Railway Labor Act
a union must be supported by the
majority in any craft or class be
fore it can be the bargaining* agent.
He also told Donnell that the mem
bers of the Railway Clerks had been
trying to get the union shop since
1922 that pressure for the union
shop had been especially strong
among all rail unions since 1934
and that there had been a concen
trated drive for the union shop in
the war year of 1943. Harrison
spoke not only for the Railway
Clerks but also for 20 other labor
organizations affiliated with the
Railway Labor Executives Associa
The Clerks’ leader admitted to
Donnell and Sen. Lehman that four
rail unions at present do not ac
cept Negro members but said his
own union long ago abolished dis
crimination. He added that continu
ed education would in time break
down the bars in the unions which
still have the color ban. Moreover,
he said, the union-shop bill would
protect Negroes now working in
the jurisdictions of the unions prac
tising discrimination, because it
protects the jobs of “employes to
whom membership is not available
upon the same terms and condi
tions as are generally applicable
to any other member.”
Harrison was forced repeatedly
to spar with Donnell who, as he has
before, displayed more bluster than
understanding. He told the Sena
tor that the 20 per cent of rail
workers who did not belong to
unions fall into three classes. They
are (1) “too cheap” to pay dues, or
(2) prejudiced against “the color
of the president’s hair,”’ or (3)
they believe the union isn’t radical
enough. Harrison made no bones
about informing Donnell that rail
labor needs the union shop for dis
ciplinary reasons. He said that
otherwise the unions will continue
to be held responsible for wildcat
strikes and other unauthorized
actions by non-union members.
Emeryville, Calif. (LPA) A
company which punished its em
ployes for going union has been
slappod down by the National
Labor Relations Board.
The Westinghouse Pacific Coast
Air Brake Co. questioned workers
about their union affiliation and
threatened to cut pay or shut the
plant if the workers voted for the
union—the International Associa
tion of Machinists. The NLRB elec
tion was held Aug. 31, 1948, and
the IAM won, 21 to 18. An hour
and a half after the polls closed,1
the company cut the work week
from 45 to 40 hours, thus eliminat
ing five hours of overtime pay, al
though its orders were on the in
crease. The Board ruled this action
was illegal discrimination, ordered
the employes reimbursed for the
wages lost, and ordered the return
of the 45-hour week.
Union Sues Ward’s For $730,000
St. Louis (LPA)—A suit asking
$730,0(0 damages has been filed in
superior court by Local 20, United
Mail Order, Warehouse and Retail
Employers, against Montgomery,
Ward & Co. In a 1945 dispute the
government seized the plant and
Sewell Avery,, board chairman was
carried out of his office by soldiers.
The company got an injunction,
which ordered the union to stop
publishing allegedly defamatory
articles. The injunction was later
set aside by higher courts. The
union now charges the injunction
damaged the union and its leaders.
Landlords Agree
To Arbitrate In
Apartment Strike
N^ York (LPA) The 75 W)
famile.t* in 1000 of New York’.
apartincnt hou.-ez who suffered
minor tortures during a four-day
strike of the building employ'-.-,
can blame th' landlords. For she
landlord.- finally agr od to arbi
trate the issues—an offer made by
th' union several times before the
The strike was called by 12,000
members of Local 32-B, AFL Build
ing Service Enpoyes after medi
ators had fa’’' 1 to budge ih* land
lords, and after the union ha i post
poned the walkout ter a w•-k.
The landlords at first offered to
arbitrate only if any wage adjust
n i t- or b' tter conditions wem
heid in abeyance until hivher rent
ar'- au‘honz"i. The ar. ion refu-ed,
and the landless finally gave in,
Arthur S. Meyer, chairman of
the state mediation board, will head
a three-man fact-fading hn-ird
which will hold pu hearings
and then make recommendations.
Its findings will not be binding,
but both sides felt confident an ac
cord would be reached.
The union announced that at the
hearings it will press its original
propo-als: An increase of $12 to
.30 a week, a cut in working
Lours from the present 48 to I1?,
and employer-financed pensions.
Labor Spies Used
By Aircraft Corp.
East Hartfqrd, Conn. (LPA)—
The United Aircraft Corp, has been
accused by the US government of
using labor spies in an effort to
break up a union. The government
is United Aircraft’s only cus
tomer. The un„.. is the l..ierna
tional Association of Machinists.
The National Labor Relations
Board has issued complaints
against Pratt & Whitney, and
Hamilton Standard Propeller, both
United Aircraft divisions. The
NLRB charges that:
The firm used employes to spy
on union meetings suborned of
ficers of the local and its negotiat
ing committee interrogated em
ployes about union affiliation
threatened to fire workers whe
joined or aided the union kept
under surveillance the meetings
and activities of employes seeking
to improve working conditions
warned employes to assist the
union, join, or remain members.
The complaints followed charges
made by IAM after a careful in
vestigation. “We will present the
evidence at the hearings,” said Al
Hayes, IAM president. The law
gives employes the right to at
tempt to better their conditions
through organization and
bargaining, said Hayes. “We are
going to see that their rights are
enforced fully and completely.”
Hayes assailed the growing in
clination of some business corpor
ations to assume that the govern
ment cannot or will not enforce em
ployes’ rights.
Elected IAM Lodge Treasurer
Fer 50th Straight Year
Knoxville, Tenn. (LPA)—Andrew
M. Tolmie, 80, has just become re
elected for the 50th year as trea
surer of Lodge 58, International
Association of Machinists. His ap
prenticeship began in 1887, one
year before a small band met sec
retly to form what is now the IAM.
He was unwittingly pushed into the
union through a foreman who sent
him to work under one of the men
in the union.
Washington (LPA)—The Feder
al Trade Commission has issued a
complaint charging that the Ameri
can Pharmaceutical Co. of Nevz
York is falsely advertising C.S.A.
Tablets as a cure and an adequate,
effective and reliable treatment for
arthritis and rheumatism.
Bakery Chief
Chicago.— William F. Schnitzler
is the new president of the AFL
Bakery and Confectionery Work
ers International Union. He
ceeded AFL Vice-President
man Winter, who retired as
of the bakery workers.
Oakland, CaHf. (LPA) The
alii: num indu- ry is too complt t
ly integrated to allow craft unions
to operate effectively, the National
Labor Relations Board ruled May
1. The unanimous decision came in
a case involving employes at two
plants of Henry Kaiser Perman
ente Metals Corp., whose headquar
ters are here.
The board dismissed petitions of
four craft unions seeking units in
the Permanente plants in Trent-!
wood and Mead, Wash. Also i’’
missed was a petition by the AFL
Aluminum Council of Spokane,
Wash., which opposed the introduc
tion of craft unionism but asked
for a separate unit at Trentwood.
By disabusing the petitions, the
board sustained the contentions of
the United Steelworkers, which
argued for a combined unit includ
ing both the Trentwood and Mead
installations. The St eel workers
union already represented alum
inum workers in both towns.
Unions seeking craft units were
the International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers-AFL, Plumb
ers-AFL, Carpenters-AFL, and Ma
chinists. By ruling against craft
unionism at Permanente the board
reversed an earlier decision invdl
ving employes of the Reynolds
Metals Co. Board -men hers explain
ed that in the Reynuius case they
lacked “persuasive proof” of
Stresses AFL Chest Work ...
Kansas City, Mo.—AFL Vice-President Charles J. MacGowan
(center), president of the A Fl. Brotherhood of Boilermakers, empha
sized at the national workershop of AFL staff representatives with
local Community Chests and Councils that AFL members on boards
and committees of Chest agencies form a valuable resource when
properly developed and informed. (With him are Fred Lee (loft),
secretary of the Kansas City, Mfl, Community Chest, and Joseph
Cohen (right), president of the [Kansas City, Kans., Community
Promoters Sent
To Prison For
Fake Quack Cure
Chicago (LPA)—Two promoters
of the worthless “Magic Spike”
drew a year in jail each, and the
firm was f'red $1000, the
mum possible'under the Food u-.d
Drug act, in federal court here.
The “Magic Spike” or Virilijim
Tube, had radioactive powers that
would cure disease when w nf on
the body, the defendants clau "1.
Purchasers were us it for on
cer, diabetes, leukemia, thyroid
disturbances, ulcers, arthritis, and
other serious diseases. The gadget
is a brass tune two inches long,
about as thick as a pencil, with a
safety pin attached, and contained
a tiny glass tube filled ^h bar
ium chloride worth l/2» o of a
?ent. The device sold for $3^6.
Thirty-five experts testified the
levice was worthless. One witness
iescr’ the ith of his diab tic
on u..o abc .uoned insulin iu.d
oinned his faith on the “Magic
The government said the case re
presented one of the most shameful
attempts to cheat the public at the
expense of their health that the
Food and Drug Administration has
?ver brought in the federal courts.
Those jrr’’*d were George C.
Erickson, pr^ident, and Babert T.
Nelson, Jr., vice president, of the
firm. -z,
Prominent Danish
Trade Unionists
Resign From CP« 1
Copenhagen, Denmark (LPA)—.
Four prominent Danish trade
unionists have resigned from the
r. Commur it party, three
j. in an op_.i letter charging
tr i only those who follow the
motto “Shut Up and Obey’
mained in the party.
Fi de iMr’ 'sen, pr 'dent of th^
Copv....age" ^treet Car Employes
Union, resigned from the CP after
having been a member 30 years.
The other three, who 'barged in an
op'-n letter, CrTmuiiiat dictator
si of their on, are: Henry
Olsen, chairman of the Danish
Railroad Workers union Victor
Madsen, tr asurer, M. Oll
gaard Rasmussen, secretary.
The three assailed “the obvious
dictator-hip” of the party as re
gards trade unions, said “no means
is now too di?t. to be US'-!, disrup
tions are daily happenings and
therefore the workers turn from
the party. They feel they have
b»' i let down.” The letter also as
sab'jd the p^rty press uncritical
a*ude tow n I developments be
hind the Iron Curtain and said
Danish workers
must see “there is
something rotten in the system.”
The letter asked “why has the
Party rt worked on a policy which
would convince the population that
here in this country a real demo
cracy could be created, in which
any opinion without risk could be
voiced. Nobody has any guarantee
that an opinion which is not the
n. unist party’s will not be re
meinntred later on.”
plight of the jobless middle-aged
Johnston, head of the Motion
Pictu: Asso ition, said the job
less man of 45 is the displaced per
son in ur society, and unless pri
vate bu-iness comes to grips with
the prtbiam it will be “exploited
for selfish political advantage”, re
sulting in perhaps “absolutely un
tennhL- and unsound pensions and
rt’.irvii.ent that might des
troy us all.”
Demand the Union Label.
Warns Industry To Take Care
Middle-Aged Worker
Washington (LPA)—The private
employers are “sweeping a serious
problem under the bed,” Eric John
ston told the annual meeting of the
American Trade Association Execu
tives. The problem, he said, is the
Robert Grosser (D, Ohio), Con
gressional veteran, runs for re
nomination May 2 with support of
all organized labor. He is sponsor
of bill authorizing union shop on
the railroads.
Whereas, Almighty God in His infinite wisdom, has seen
fit to take from our midst our friend and fellow worker,
Brother Joseph M. Croft, respected and-admired for his fel
lowship and character, and
Whereas, We the members of Local Union 86, recognize
the loss of this Brother, and shall cherish and respect the
memory of his pleasant manner and as evidence of sympathy
and esteem, it is hereby further,
Resolved, That we extend our profound sympathy to
his family, a copy of this resolution be published in our
official journal, The Potters Herald, a copy spread upon the
minutes of the Local and a copy sent to the bereaved family.
Also that our charter be draped in mourning for a period of
thirty days.
A. K
st 41

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