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is a IS n e e ■s s o S e s n it is -4- tMtmOrOPy BB e-8.9% z 4-5.9% O Under 4 Philadelphia.—The AFL Execu tive Council called the once “dream” goal of 60,000,000 jobs for Americans “out-of-date.” It said business and government 'must get to work to keep employ ment constantly above that figure. Labor unions, the council said, can do their part by insisting upon and winning new general wage in creases to boost consunfer purchas ing power as an aid to high-em ployment prosperity. Corporation profits for the first quarter of 1950 show that business can grant sub stantial wage increases now. What is important is not merely the month-to-month changes but also the trend over a longer period of time. One or two months’ report alone cannot provide the basis for eliminating the problem of unem ployment. A thorough analysis of economic developments affecting unemploy ment during the past year brings out the following points: High Court Voids Michigan Law Curbing Strikes Washington (LPA)—The United Auto Workers have won their fight against Michigan’s Bonine-Trippe law, which forbids a strike unless a majority of the employes invol ved vote for the strike. The US Supreme Court unanimously voided the law on the grounds that it is in conflict with the Taft-Hartley act. During a 1948 strike at Chrysler the UAW got an injunction from a Detroit court against enforcement of the law. The Michigan Supreme Court reversed the ruling, and the union appealed to the US Supreme Court. The union in its brief had point ed out that Congress, in enacting the Taft-Hartley act, had shown it meant to “occupy this field by en acting detailed, specific provisions regulating strikes in industries af fecting interstate commerce. Even in the case of a threatened national emergency, Congress was unwilling to prohibit a strike which failed to receive the approval of a majority of the employes in a government poll.” Chief Justice Vinson, delivering the unanimous opinion, declared that “without question, the Mich igan law conflicts with the exercise of federally protected labor rights. A state statute so at war with fed eral law cannot survive.” RUSSELL NAMED EDITOR OF PAPER MAKER Albany, N. Y. (LPA)—Jim Rus sell, former newspaperman, has been named editor of the Paper Maker, monthly newspaper of the Brotherhood of Paper Makers AFL. He worked on PM, on the overseas staff of Stars and Stripes during the war, on the N. Y. Star, and was managing editor of the Yonkers Daily Times. Russell is 33, married, and a graduate of New York university. NOTICE LOCAL 22 AU members are urged to attend meeting on May 23 to elect convention delegates and vote in primary election for AFL delegates. LIBRARIAN, A. Of L.’ OF L. BUILD I SO A. WASHINGTON, D. C. 7 v ............, .......... I AFL Labor News Service International Labor News Service and Labor Press Association, Inc. VOL. XLIV, NO. 3 •PR Ex un- Following is the text of the Ctutive Council statement, on employment: It would be dangerous to place too much emphasis upon the recent release of the Census Bureau indi cating that unemployment dropped sharply between March and April of this year. According to the census esti mates, the number of unemployed workers in April totaled 3,500,000, a drop of 600,000 since the previous month and almost 1,200,000 below the February high. At the same time, total employment for April was about 1,100,000 higher than the March level. Although this representes a hopeful development, it do6B'“n5T mean that this country no longer ,.«facefi an unemployment problem. ‘A? UNEMPLOYMENT INCREASE CALLS FOR ACTION Justice Hugo Black, dissenting, declared that “religious and poli tical-test oaths are implacable foes of free thought.” By approving such oaths, the Supreme Court has “injected compromise into a field where the First Amendment for bids compromise,” the Alabaman added. Justices William O. Douglas, Sherman Minton, and Tom Clark did not participate in the decision. Justice Robert Jackson concurred in part with the majority but dis sented in part. Justice Felix Frank furter also agreed only in part with the majority. But Justices Reed and Harold Burton completely with Vinson. APRILS, 1950 National Average 59 .J E3tf-a.P% in jobs and a de- 1. An increase cline in unemployment is expected during the spring season. Employ ment normally expands in construc tion and retail trade. In addition, for this year, more than 100,000 temporary enumerators for the 1950 census were hired by the fed eral and 2. tion employment in April, 1950, than in any April since 1941. 3. An alarming proportion of the unemployed have been out of work for a considerable period of time. government between March April. Even with the improved situa in April, there was more un- NON-RED OATH LEGAL, SUPREME COURT RULES Washington (LPA) The non Communist oath required under the Taft-Hartley act of union officers before their unions can use the Na tional Labor Relations Board is constitutional, the US Supreme Court ruled May 8. The decision was handed down in two cases in volving the United Steelworkers and the American Communications Association. The majority’s 31-page decision, written by Chief Justice Fred Vin son, held that,.the non-Communist affidavit does not violate freedom of speech, freedom of assembly or freedom of belief. Union attorneys had contended the oath violated the First Amendment of the federal constitution which guarantees these rights. Stanley agreed First Vinson contended the Amendment permits a person to believe or advocate anything he wants but does not “require that he be permitted to be the keeper of the arsenal.” The only effect of the affidavit requirement is to make a Communist or other believer in overthrowing the government by force relinquish union office, Vin son said, arguing that this was proper because a union leader was in a position of power in the na tional economy. In Philadelphia, where he was attending the quarterly meeting of (Turn to Page. Three} Springfield Typos Still Determined 7 Springfield, Mo. (ILNS).—After more than 45 weeks, the strike of Springfield Daily News and Lead er-Press printers for a moderate! wage increase is still going strong, with members of Springfield Typo graphical Union No. 158 standing firm and confident of ultimate vic tory. Since June 11, 1949, when the printers called the strike against the newspapers, published by Springfield Newspapers, Inc., the picketline has been maintained on 3 sides of the newspaper plant. The walkout is one of several in which the publishers have forced the members of the International Typo graphical Union to hit the streets. Strike Forced, Union Says “It was apparent th$ publishers had planned on forcing a strike for several months prior to the expira tion of the contract, June 1, 1949,” one officer of the union charged. During the 13 weeks of negotia tions the employers were using girls to practice on substitute methods of printing a newspaper. At the same time nonunion work ers were imported and i n some 4St. •. t- 'J Approximately one out of every three employed persons had been out of work for 4 months or longer. Last year, this proportion was only one out of five. 4. Although unemployment is more serious in certain areas of the country than others (particularly New England, Middle Atlantic and the West), it cannot be considered purely a local problem. Every typei of community has been affected. 5. All types of workers, young and old, skilled and unskilled, have been affected. Available evidence indicates that older skilled work ers have been particularly hard hit.■ 6. One of the chief reasons for the increasing unemployment has been a substantial increase in pro ductivity. The record expenditures by American business for new ma chinery and equipment in the post war period have been reflected in a higher output per worker. Unless i the market for the goods produced by the nation’s factories is expand ed, this will continue to mean few er workers on the job. 7. At the present time, the gov ernment’s unbalanced budget made' necessary by the Marshall Plan and heavy defense expenditures is helping to keep down unemploy ment. The problems raised by this anal ysis cannot be solved, overnight. They are not problems 6f “postwar adjustment.” Only in a very few cases (low-priced automobiles and housing, for example) does there remain any of the wartime short ages. Today’s problem is to develop an effectively functioning high-em ployment economy. We must not be satisfied with an economy which does not bring prosperity to all (Turn to Page Three} Ban On Pickets Upheld In Rulings By Supreme Court Washington (LPA) The US Supreme Court has upheld bans on picketing in one case in California and two in Washington state. The ruling in a Richmond, Calif., case was 8 to 0, and in the Seattle and Bremerton, Wash, cases 5 to 3. In Richmond two men were sent enced to jail and fined for violat ing a court injunction in picketing a store in an effort to compel the hiring of Negro clerks in the same proportion as the store’s Negro customers. The two appealed to the State Supreme Court and lost. In Bremerton, holding that an AFL union was seeking to com pel the owner of an inn to “coerce” his workers into joining the union, a court ordered picketing banned on the basis of a state law. In Seattle, two AFL unions pic keted two used car dealers to com pel them to observe certain closing hours. Out 10 Months o Win Struggle cases their expenses were paid, even while the scale committee was trying to reach some agreement. “The publishers of the Spring held newspapers indicated they would not even let the printers work at the old scale, with or with out a signed contract,” the union officer further said. In the 8 months of the strike, the publishers have consented to meet with a committee of the union only once. At that meeting it was agreed that the publishers would arrange for further talks, but to date no word has been forthcoming from them, according to the union scale committee. In the last few weeks, organized labor here has rallied to the union printers and subscriptions of the struck papers have taken a nose dive. At a meeting of the Central Labor Union called to consider the printers’ problem there was stand ing room only. Several unions re ported their members had stopped the newspapers 100 percent. Labor Paper Big Help The Union Labor Record, official (Turn to Page Three} Local Asks State Federation Aid To Fight Imports Beaver Falls, Pa,—Local Union 33 is leaving no stone unturned in its efforts to combat the influx of foreign-made ware to our shores. At the recent convention of the Pennsylvania State Federation of Labor a resolution was presented, seeking the state body’s aid in the fight against this menace to our welfare. President Leonard Greco, a vice president of the Pennsylvania State Federation of Labor presented the resolution in behalf of Local Union 33. A lottery was conducted to fin ance his trip to the Quaker city and every one who helped in this cause can feel proud of his part in trying to protect the interests of the American potter. J" While in Philadelphia tiros. 6reco Leonard* Townsend attended Union Label Industries show were loud in their praise for wonderful exhibit staged by and the and the the N. B. of O. P. President James Duffy was a re cent visitor in Beaver Falls and to gether with the shop committee met with officials of the firm and straightened out a few of our pro blems. The following brothers were elected to represent us at the Cleveland convention: Leonard Greco, Bradford Townsend and Lester Smith. We notice in the ‘Herald’ where time draws n’ear for the annual pic nic at Meyers Lake Park which prompts us to remind a few delin quents that they had better dear! up their arrearages if they expfect to register for the many fine prises to be awarded in the paid-up*dues event. —O.CL33 ■fc —r------------1 Cambridge Local Elects Delegates At Last Meeting Cambridge, Ohio Local Union 122 elected delegates for the con vention at their last meeting. Those chosen on the first ballot were Harry Hunt, xiecorating kilnman Harry Laird, jiggerman Earl Johnson, kilnman George Savage, caster, and Albert Van Camp, dip per. There was quite a large turnout for the meeting and following the election of delegates, many matters that have been hanging fire for several months were brought be fore the local for discussion and steps taken to correct these in equities. How much easier it is to settle these controversies when there is a good attendance. Several transfer cards were re ceived and their names added to the roll. We welcome these new, comers and hope they their affiliation with and employer. will enjoy employees who has Bro. Walter Noakes been on the sick list for quite some time has returned home from St. Francis Hospital where he has been a patient. A card or a visit from his friends would do Walter as much good as medicine. His address is 522 Clark Street, Cambridge, Ohio. Well the time is drawing near for the annual potters, picpic and from what information the writer can gather, Cambridge potters will be well represented. We think the picnic committee made the right move in picking Meyers Lake Park. Farm Labor Union tails Off Strike Washington (LPA)—H. L. Mit chell, president of the National Farm Labor Union-AFL, on May 9 ordered pickets withdrawn from the 12,000-acre DiGiorgio Fruit Corp, near Bakersfield, Calif., whose workers went on strike Oct. 1, 1947. Mitchell said a new cam paign to sign up present employes of the DiGiorgio ranch was being launched. “We are just ending the first round,” said Mitchell. “If it be comes necessary to strike again, we have 10,000 members in the nearby areas who can be called in to help. There will brought in during the second round.” be no strikebreakers strike started when The 1947 1100 of the ranch’s 1345 employes (Tun to Page Three} '-•MW? (tljcPotters Herald EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO, THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1950 Start Making Your Plans For Potters Picnic On June 17 .. .' ................. Union Label Chiefs Visit Show AFL UNION I1DUSTRIES SHOW DAILY NOON TILL ll.® f»M Admission free W ENTRANCE President James M. Duffy, third vice president of the Union Label Trades Department is shown above with other members of the hoard, ready to enter Convention Hall for the opening ceremonies of the Union Industries Show. The above group planned the exhibition, termed the greatest ever held. L. to r., President John J, Mara, Boot and Shoe Workers President Duffy President Joseph P. McCurdy, United Gar ment Workers AFL Vice President Matthew Woll, president of the Union Label department and show director AFL Vice President Her man Winter, president emeritus Bakery and Confectionery Workers. Potters Exhibit at Label Show Draws Favorable CommentFrom Visitors 7 Once again tl/e^potlers?jHisplay at the AFL Union Industries Show was one of the main attractions at the Philadelphia exhibit. Termed by many as the outstanding display, the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters, in cooperation with the United States Potters Association, showed the methods—old and new—of making dishes, cups, saucers and even cuspidors. Beginning in the raw state of'i’------------------------------------ manufacturing pottery products on through until the finished products, the potters’ display showed skilled craftsmen throwing, casting, jig gering, batting-out and lining to demonstrate the important steps, in production of dinnerware. Every union affiliated with the AFL was represented through its own booth. You could watch ap prentice bricklayers competing for a national championship with all the nervous concentration of ball players in a World Series. Or you could watch skilled—and pretty—girls, members of the In ternational Brotherhood of Elec trical Workers, assembling the in tricate “innards” of television sets for a Chicago manufacturer. Or you could stand for hours viewing the freight and passenger trains whizzing around the model railroad operated by the Brother- lauiuau upciavcu uj Gaps And Defects In Employment Insurance Cited are Washington (LPA) There “substantial gaps and defects” in the present federal-state system of unemployment insurance which should be corrected speedily, the Federal Advisory Council of the Bui^au of Employment Security concluded after a recent study. The conclusion was made public by Sec retary of Labor Maurice J. Tobin at a press conference May Tobin told reporters the Labor Department used the council’s sur vey material and recommendations in advising President Truman on the latter’s April 6 message to Congress asking new unemploy ment insurance legislation. The Secretary said he hoped release of the council’s conclusions would stimuUte Congress to act swiftly to clSe the gaps. The council, which includes spokesmen for labor, management, veterans and the pub lic, has not yet completed its final report. Specific shortcomings pointed out by the council are in coverage, amount of payments, duration of benefits, disqualification standards, protection of interstate workers and financing. However, the coun cil could not agree on solutions to (Turn to Page Three} S' A ..4 a television set for yourself, or an automobile, a set an electric stove. MAY 2 2 of furniture or mammoth fifth Show staged in in Philadelphia, That was the Union Industries Convention Hall May 6 through 13 by the AFL’s Union Label Trades Department. TO THE AFL ADD “A,” SAYS HOPE Philadelphia. Bob Hope’s sign-off line, that little punch tag which closed his program from the AFL Union Industrie? Show, was this: “AFL: add an *A’ to that and you have— America First Last and v*«v *-**.w**^* hood of Railway Clerks to demon-1 strate the many skills and respon- sibilities of Clerk members. And if you were lucky, you might hold the winning number on Always.” At least, the exhibits noted above were a small fraction of a show whose attractions were too numer ous to count. Impressive ceremonies marked the show’s first day at which Matt hew Woll, vice-president of the AFL and president of the Union Label Department, presided. AFL President William Green cut a tape, and praised the idea behind the (Turn to Poor hr ft)_______ IH1M1 Congressional Election Main Subject of Federation Conclave Philadelphia (LPA) Delegates to the 48th annual convention of the Pennsylvania Federation of Labor served notice throughout the first two days of their meeting that they were in politics to stay. Speaker after speaker was cheered as he denounced the Taft-Hartley Act and other anti-labor measures and called for political action. Moreover, it was clear that AFL members in the Keystone State are out to eject Democrats to every post they can. Gov. James H. Duff, who will compete in the primary for Repub lican nomination to the Senate, found the press of engagements too great to allow him to appear. But, Democratic Sen. Francis J. Myers, who will be up for re-election this fall, received an ovation when he entered the convention hall in the Benjamin Franklin hotel here May 8, on the meeting’s first day. Myers, a Fair Deal stalwart, told the delegates the Republicans were reduced to meaningless slogans whose uselessness was revealed last fall when Sen. Herbert Leh man defeated Republican John I Trustees are Thomas Kennedy, UMW vice president Robert L. Birtley, president of the Ham mond Coal Co., and Mart F. Bren nan, president of UMW District 7. Textile Workers Jobs At Stake In Project Approval Washington (LPA)—The whole hearted support of the Textile Workers for the St. Lawrence Sea way and power project grows out of the desires of TWL’A members to have cheaper electric power for their homes, but even more out of their need to protect their jobs. Washington representative John W. Edelman, of TWUA along with Anthony Wayne Smith, told the House Public Workers Committee this on May 9. “There is a growing and very deep feeling in New England among many elements in the com munity,” Edelman told the Con gressmen, “that opposition to this particular undertaking stems al most entirely from a very small but powerful group of vested interests fronting for the railway com panies and a few stick-in-the-mud (Turn to Page Three} Foster Dulles despite GOP attacks on the "welfare state.” Myers assured his listeners that Pennsylvania Democrats in the 81st Congress would stick by the Democratic platform as the A FL scorecards showed they had in the past. Introducing Myers, President James L. McDevitt of the State Federation said the Senator had a 100 percent pro-labor voting re cord. President William Green of the A FL, speaking on the convention’s second day, told the 1700 delegates representing 700,000 members of 1550 local unions that the AFL would conduct a nation-wide fight to send “liberals” to Washington in the 1950 Congressional elec tions. Green demanded the defeat of every Senator and Representa tive who voted for the Taft-Hartley act regardless of party. “It does n’t matter to which party a candi date belongs—if he voted for the Taft-Hartley law he is our enemy and he will not go back if we can prevent it,” the veteran leader de clared. Ralph Wright, Assistant (Turn to Pjge Three} Owned, Controlled and Published by the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters New Castle Club To Meet Homer Laughlin Team In Annual Diamond Classic Teams representing the Universal-Rundle Corporation of New1 Castle, Pa. and the Homer Laughlin China Co. of Newell, W. Va. will fight it out on the baseball diamond at, Meyers Lake Park, Canton, Ohio, the afternoon of June 17 at the annual outing of the National Brotherhood of Operative Potters. There is a natural rivalry between these two ceramic centers and their teams will probably not have another opportunity to settle the question of supremacy this season. Both outfits are said to be exc p tionaliy strong th i- year. The sports committee, headed Washington (LPA)—Trustees of the Anthracite Health and Welfare Fund revealed May 9 that 7500 re tired members of the United Mine Workers in Districts 1, 7 and 9 are getting $100 monthly pension cheeks, that major benefit pay ments are near the $1 million mark monthly, and that the fund ha? distributed more than $21 million in its three years of operation. More than $5 million has been paid out to widows and other bene ficiaries, and death claims are now paid at the rate of about 100 a month, with an annual outlay of $1% million. The fund is also spending about $100,COO a year on research and treatment of mine workers afflicted with anthraco silicosis. Discontinuance of the $40 month ly medical and disability payments as of Jan. 1 was attaihutad io*6e-1 pletion of finances, mainly through loss of revenue when production slumped because ot ttnsRmawwbly warm weather. Such payments will be resumed when revenue makes it possible, the trustees reported. chairman Frank Duffy made their selection of this year’s teams after carefully checking over the large list of applications from various pottery centers, wishing to vie for the ‘mythical’ championship of the N. B. of O. P. at the annual outing. 4 Benefit Payments In Hard Coal Fund Million Monthly Generalware pitted against sani tary always produces rivalry in trade topic discussions, and in all probability the same enthusiam will carry over from clay products to lovers of the diamond sport. The Homer Laughlin nine head ed by the veteran Joe Dickey has always fielded a club which rates among the tog in the East Liver pool play gue nine ents their brothers from generalware on picnic day. All in all it stacks up to be one of the best ball games arranged by the sports committee in years and potters and their fam ilies are in for a real treat. City Industrial League. They a brand of ball of minor lea caliber and the New Castle will find them worthy oppon when they cross bats with P. K. Calhoon, chairman of the purchasing committee stated they bought sixty pairs of the best skates in town to give to the chil dren for gate prizes. Also included in the list of gate prizes for the kiddies on picnic day are twenty five children’s wrist watches. The boys as well as the gate will share in the beautiful time pieces. The bathing beauty winners are also taken care of with beautiful Ellanee Dolls, those life like toys so close to the feminine heart. The contest is for children between the ages of four and seven years in clusive. The bathing beauty contest is a favqrite you will not want to miss even though there always seems to be a hundred things to do all the while you are at the park. The picnic committee has always proved as good as its word in the past and this year the members have strained every effort to make the outing bigger and better than ever. From year to year new fea tures are tried. Those proving themselves popular have been re tained while those not up to the high standard set by the potters have been discarded so you can be (Turn to Page Three} Boost Low Income Families To $4000 Truman Proposes Pendleton, Ore. (LPA)—A rise to an income of $4000 a year—mea sured in today’s dollars for the one out of four American families which now earns less than- $2090 a year was proposed by President Truman in his speech here, the night before he dedicated Grand Coulee dam. Along with this, the President asserted, “we can lift our annual output of goods and services to more than $350 billion by 1960—a one-third increase within 10 years. And I am talking about real out put measured in dollars of today’s purchasing power. “We can increase real wage and salary incomes, and farm incomes, as our economy grows. We can in crease the profits of business, not through higher prices or higher profit margins, but through in creased volume in a growing econ omy.” To achieve these goals, the Pres ident stated, the efficiency and productivity of American industries must be increased faster than at present. Private industry should take on the job in manufacturing, power, transportation. “Govern ment,” he added “must participate through resource development, sound tax policies, housing and small business programs and many other ways.” Since “the final market for all products is the ultimate consumer,” the President went on, it will be necessary to lift the standards of our poorest families—and it was here that he proposed the $4000-a year goal. A-js X. i $2.00 PER YEAR. 5s i' I 3 *4 "Mi IM 5 'Sli# vk •*. f:.' si $ rm fa ■?.