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Transit Workers Out Of Clutches of Loan Sharks Chicago (LPA)—In the old days, recalls a veteran streetcar conduc tor, “once you got sucked in by one of those fellers you couldn’t get out of his clutches. Friend of mine bor rowed $300 once, paid back $325, and found he still owed $200.” Some men would borrow from Loan Shark to repay Loan Shark A. Those slow to pay soon found a legal hook on their pay envelopes in the form of garnishments. The company usually fin'd a worker after the third garnishment. Those were the days the loan sharks would be swarming around the depots, ready cash on hand. On paydays they’d be around to collect —plus heavy interest. Some of them are still hanging around, but the pickings are slim. For thanks to their union, the streetcar and employes have their own “banks"—the credit unions— 21 of them at the depots, all union operated. They’ve beaten the high cost of borrowing money. Whereas a small loan company charges 3 per cent a month on the whole amount, or 36 per cent a year, the credit union charges 1 per cent a month. Since the interest is on the unpaid bal ance only, the annual interest is around 7 J4 per cent. In the 12 years since the credit unions started, the transit workers have borrowed and paid back over $18,000,000. At present the credit unions have $1,875,000 out in loans averaging $265 each. “The credit unions have a double barrelled job,” says Joseph J. Kehoe, president of Division 241 of the Amalgamated Assn, of Stree‘ Electric Railway &. Motor Coach Employes-AFL. “They don’t only lend money. They also act as a sav ings bank.” In fact, it’s because of the sav ings deposited in the credit union that it has the cash to make loans. Right now the total savings on hand are well over $3,000,000 and growing all the time. This money collects an average of 3% interest each year for the depositors. The men are more than deposi tors. With each $5 deposited, they get a “share” in the credit union and thus become shareholders. At the credit union’s annual meeting they elect a board of directors and in other ways have a voice in how the credit union is run. Is this control only theoretical? No, says Ted Heffernan, treasurer of the Kedzie Depot Credit Union. At its last annual meeting, about! 400 shareholder-members were pre sent. That’s two-fifths of its mem- YOU CAN SEE THE CREAM ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SANITARY Used Exclusively By Golden Star Dairy Phono 3200 Dawson bership—a high percentage for any organization. The members elected the nine-man board of directors from two slates of candidates. The Kedzie is a good example of how the “people’s bank” system op erates. Of the 1200 Amalgamated members who work out *bf the de pot, only 110 don’t own shares in the credit union. Right now it has more than a quarter million dollars in savings on hand. “Ours is one of the first three of the Amalgamated’* credit unions in Chicago,” Heffernan says. “The union officers started them in 1938, and the idea went over so well that within a year the credit unions were in depots all over the city.” The Amalgamated credit unions have no full-time employes. Mem bers handle the chores in their spare time. Heffernan, for example, is a conductor from noon to eight daily, and spends his mornings at the credit union office. If a man applies for a loan at 9 a. m., he usually can get his money within a half hour. A three-man credit committee ,is kept in “con tinuous session” to consider every loan application quickly. Heffernan and at least one other committee member are in the office most of the time when it is bpen, and the third member can usually be con tacted by phone. In the past the Amalgamated has thought of consolidating all 21 credit unions into One with a single office. But this idea has always been dropped, since it would make the credit unions remote from the worker. Heffernan points out another ad vantage. “The credit unions have been a ‘grass-roots’ link between the Amalgamated members and the union headquarters. It shows many our people that being an Amal gamated member means more than paying $2.50 in dues each month and having the union get you good wages.” The city transit workers belong to “divisions”—which is the Amal gamated’s word for a local union. Division 241, representing 16,SCO streetcar workers, has 17 credit unions. Division 308, representing 5500 elevated-train workers, has four credit unions. In all, the credit unions have 16, 500 members. And more are sign ing up each day. “They even come around to use the credit union after they’re re tired,” says Heffernan. MEXICAN LABOR DIVORCES THE COMMIES FEDERATIONS Mexico City (LPA)—The Con federation of Labor of Mexico (CTM) has voted to disaffiliate from both the Communist-Domin ated Latin-American Confederation of Workers (CTAL) and the Com munist-controlled World Federa tion of Trade Unions. Observers predict the Mexican labor group will soon join the Inter-American Confederation of Workers (CIT) and the newly-formed Int’l Confed eration of Free Trade Unions, along with A FL, (JIO and other non Communist labor groups through out the world. Notice Sanitary Firms Any firm seeking skilled craftsmen (in all trades) or having job opportunities available for workers in any job operation in the sanitary branch of the in dustry, contact Walter E. Shutler, Secretary, Local Union 77, Route 2, Box 58, Mannington, W. Va. ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu tive funerals conducted by the DAWSON Funeral Home are as followsl 10% Were Under $150 9% Were----- Under $300 50% Were Under $500 31% Were------ Over $500 Funeral Home "SO MUCH ... for so little" 215 West Fifth Street Phone Main 10 512’,7-4 7. g.: .. v S' Mm V' 9 VA'- Taft-Dixie Bloc Axes Truman Plan To Oust Denham Washington (LPA)—The forces led by Sen. Robert A. Taft (R, Ohio) successfully gave the axe to President Truman’s reorganization plan to abolish the post of general counsel of the Nat’l Labor Rela tions Board. The vote was 53 to 30. The job was done because 18 Democrats, all but one from the south, deserted the Administration leadership and voted with the 35 Republicans. Forty-nine votes were required to kill the plan. Taft chose a strategic time to bring up the plan, since it interrupted for two lays the debate on Fair Em ployment Practice legislation. Many of the southerners who voted with him apparently used the poll as a protest against the fact that civil rights legislation had not been brought to the floor at all. President Truman had proposed the transfer of the general coun sel’s functions, now handled by Robert N. Denham, to the NLRB. In support of the plan, Sen. Hu bert Humphrey (D, Minn.) called the present organization of the board “two-headed.” He said that under the present set-up, the “grand-jury, judge and prosecutor” powers all are vested in many cases in the general counsel, whose de cisions on whether or not to issue unfair practice complaints can not be appealed. He pointed to the fact that Denham has inevitably come in conflict with the Board on inter pretation of the Taft-Hartley Act, and that the independent general counsel has been able to refuse to enforce some board decisions, and to drag his feet on others. Sen. Taft summed up his argu ments with the charge that Pres ident Truman was using the reor ganization proposal as part of a plan to “repeal the Taft-Hartley law”. He charged that “this plan is far worse than the plan changed by the Taft-Hartley law”—appar ently referring to the NLRB under the Wagner act. He repeated earl ier charges that the Justice Dep’t has “sabotaged” his pet law by its interpretation of the non-Commun ists affidavit, and other actions. Summing up for the supporters of Truman’s plan, Sen. Scott Lucas (D, HI.) drove home th«» fact that only a year ago, Sen. Taft support ed T-H amendments adopted by the Senate which would have done just what Truman’s plan aimed to do. Lucas said that the Ohio Senator “had to get out from under his position of May 1949,” and that “then he was arguing for exactly what is accomplished in this plan.” Earlier, in an appeal to his southern colleaguqs, Sen. John Sparkman (D, Ala.) has told of how Denham’s extreme interpretations of the scope of Taft-Hartley had extended coverage even to corner drugstores, small bakeries, and other local industries. 1*1 li.A hardly jibes with the principles of states’ rights supporters, the Alabama Senator observed. Besides Spark man, the southern Senators who lined up with the Administration on the roll-call vote were: Lister Hill (D, Ala.), Olin Johnston (S. ('.), Estes Kefauver (Tenn.), Rus sell Long (La.), Elmer Thomas (Okla.), Kenneth McKellar (Tenn.), and Garrett Withers (Ky.). Democrat Guy Gillete of Iowa joined them. Only five Re publicans voted against Taft. They were: George Aiken (Vt.), Irving Ives (N. Y.), William Langer (N. D.) Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (Mass.) and Charles Tobey (N. H.). OIL PRICE HIKES MAY BE PROBED BY SOUTHCAROLINA Columbia, S. C. (LPA)—Angered by recent hikes in gasoline prices, more than 15 members of the State Senate signed a joint resolution calling for an investigation and prosecution of oil companies in the state for possible violation of anti trust laws and other laws. The resolution also called for study of the possibility of state regulation, calling recent price hikes “perni cious, arbitrary and without justi fication.” t.-, -v V, THAT WELL KNOWN CAKE—Favorite song of bands greeting President Truman on his tour was “If I Knew You Were Coming I’d Have Baked A Cake.’' The bakers’ union, right out in front, actually got around to baking a cake and presented it to the President in Galesburg, III. on his birthday, May 8. Union officials doing the honors are Harold Jennings (left) and Robert Howe (right). Anti-Strike Law In Wisconsin Upheld 2nd Time Milwaukee (LPA)—Wisconsin’s law barring strikes on public utili ties has been upheld for a second time by the State Supreme Court, which declared the law applies to employes of the Milwaukee Trans port Co. The law, passed in 1947, prohi bits strikes, lockouts, and slow downs and sets up a system of compulsory arbitration. After tht State Employment Relations Boarc had ruled that the AF^ Amalga mated Association of Street, Elec trie Railway and Motor Coach Em ployes was covered by the act, the board had taken the case to court and on April 11, 1949 Circuit Judg Daniel W. Sullivan had perpetually enjoined the union from calling causing, or encouraging a strike o slowdown. The union then had car ried its challenge to the State Sup reme Court. The union had arguec that even if the law were constitu tional, the union was not involved as a provision of the statute ex empted railroad employes. The law was challenged last Jul) by the Gas, Coke and Chemica Workers, and the Supreme Cour then also ruled against the union. Rep. Powell Hits Distortions, Lies Breaks With ALP New York (LPA) The Rev Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., denoun cing the “14 lies, half-truths ant distortions” in an article in th newspaper of the United Electri cal workers, announced May 8 tha' “I must refuse to have anythin more to do with them.” The U1 was ousted by the CIO last fall be cause it is Communist-dominated Powell also announced that whei he runs for re-election to Congrest this 'fall, he will refuse the nomin ation, if offered, of the America’ Labor party, also red-tinged. said he will run as a Tammany Democrat. Rep. Powell said an interviev with him, recently published in th UE paper, completely misrepre sented and distorted what he said He added: “My position is clear 1 insist on the rights of the UE the Communist party itself and al other groups to hold and exprest their opinions, no matter how re pugnant, for this is the Americai way. But so long as falsehood de mains their artillery, and so lonj as their tactics constitute an at tack on democratic trade unioi leadership, 1 must refuse to hav« anything more to do with them.” f-P.... OBITUARIES JOHN R. PALMER John R. Palmer, 69, of near Cal rutta died May\17 in City Hospital, following a three-mon th illness. Mr. Palmer was born in Pomeroy and came to East Liverpool about 42 years ago. He was a potter and was employd in the warehouse of the Edwin M. Knowles China Co. He was a member of the Knight of Maccabees and Local Union 86, Na tional Brotherhood of Operative Potters. He leaves his widow, Mrs. Filurai Curtis Palmer five sons, Paul E. Palmer of Canonsburg, Albert Palmer, Harold R. Palmer and John W. Palmer of East Liverpool, and Curtis A. Palmer at home two daughters, Mrs. Betty Wilson ol Wellsville, and Mrs. Mary Wagers of East Liverpool two sisters, Mrs. Leotta Chavalier of Coolville,' and Mrs. Alice Fitch of Athens county, and 20 grandchildren. DOCS OPPOSE SALE OF SOFT DRINKS ON SCHOOL GROUNDS New York (LPA) Carbonated drinks should not be sold on school! premises, says the American Medi-i cal Association, because they’re not good for the kids. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO .V ■S'-. ,s /•v Harrison Stresses Arguments For Rail Union Shop 4 '■'7 4 Washington (LPA) George Harrison, president of the Railway Clerks-AFL, had to tell a subcom mittee of the House Committee on Interstate Commerce all over again May 11 why rail labor favors over whelmingly the Grosser bill auth orizing the union shop and check off on the Iron Horse. Harrison al ready had spent two days present ng labor’s case in painstaking de rail and answering questions prob ng deeply into the problem, but ome of the Congressmen insisted n hearing it one more time. Under additional questioning, Harrison repeatedly refuted what teemed to be a Republican-Dixie rat suspicion that the Grosser bill vas a plot by union officers to put omething over on the membership the rail unions. He pointed out hat when the Railway Labor Act was amended in 1934, the union ihop and checkoff were barred. He said rail labor wanted the checkoff utlawed 16 years ago only for :ompany unions, but that Congress node the prohibition applicable to ill unions. He added that company znienism was no longer a problem. Harrisoh opposed an amendment suggested by George Weaver of the United Transport Service Em jloy^i-CIO, bargaining agent for *edcaps, Pullman laundry workers md dining car waiters. Weaver vrartted1 the bill to prohibit those jnidhB'which refuse to admit mem ’jerS1'because of race, color, creed, national origin from bargaining ’or the union shop. Harrison stressed his complete iympathy with Weaver’s aim, but aid he didn’t think the amendment vould accomplish it. He indicated hat the Weaver proposal could be lulllfied by blackballing. Let’s have in FEPC for everybody, the Clerks’ eader said in effect, not just for rail labor. Citing the history of (lis wn union which now admits Negroes to full membership, he de -lared that in the end racial dis* rimination must be defeated by ■ducation. When Rep. Dwight Rogers (D, Fla.) tried to suggest there was omething undemocratic about the equest for the legalization of the inion shop and checkoff on rails, Harrison retracted old ground. He *xplained that under the Railway Labor Act, members of a craft or lass select their bargaining agent jy majority vote. Then he remind ■d the Congressman that a Sup reme Court decision made it man latory for the bargaining agent to ar| ain for non-members as well is members. Why then, agrued the A FL leader, shouldn’t non-mein ers be made to enter the union and support the agent which is res ponsible for their wages and con litijns? Harrison repeatedly stressed that inder the union-shop bill now be fore Congress, nobody would lose iis job under a union-shop contract he was prevented from joining Jie union, or if he was expelled for uny| reason but not-payment of luef. In this connection, Harrison has ^contended that the bill as now worked actually would reduce the vilfresults of racial discrimination by |onie fail union* in the operat ng crafts, even though it would not eliminate discrimination itself. DENHAM GETS SETBACK Washington (LPA)—Rep. Clare Hoffman (R, Mich.) went to bat for NLRB Counsel Robert Denham n the floor of the House and he struck out. He tried to get immedi ate consideration of his resolution to disapprove President Truman’s reorganization plan, which would turn over to the five-member NLRB the work now done by Denham. But Jthe presiding officer ruled him out of order, since it had been agreed several weeks ago that, un til Die 1951 appropriations bill is finally approved, no other business eanjpome before the House. Unless Senate or House disapproves Tru man’s Reorganization Plan 12 by! May 24, it goes into effect and Taft-Hartley’s greatest champion will be job-hunting. Cuts In Postal Service Hit By Letter Carriers Washington (LPA)—Postmaster General Jesse Donaldson’s orders to cut postal services are “ill-timed, ill-advised, unwarranted, and ob noxious,” and would break down the “ideal of service”to the public interest that has been the heart of the Post Office Department’s ac tivities. That’s what President William C. Doherty of the Nat’l Association of Letter Carriers-AFL told the Senate Post Office, com mittee May 9. Not only are Donaldson’s orders un-economical and inefficient, Do herty asserted, but also ‘‘inhu mane.” The Senators, considering a resolution ordering Donaldson to cancel his curtailment program, were told that “to keep a letter carrier on his route six'hours or more without an opportunity to eat or relax even slightly, definitely belongs to the dark ages... “It is beneath all human dignity to expect a letter carrier to eat his cold lunch at the corner relay or storage box, sitting on a-tehrbstone without regard to the weather or other elements. It is Equally ben eath human dignity to fail,to pro vide for other human necessities such as toilet facilities.” To prove his point, he showed the committee a photo of letter carrier Joseph Ulinsky of Fair Lawn, N. J., eating his lunch on the curbstone in front of one of the houses on his route. Doherty warned that “it is rid iculous. to expect the American people to pay higher postage rates for an inferior brand of postal ser vice.” Union Releases Figures On Aid To Chrysler Strikers Detroit (LPA)—Expenditures by the United Auto Workers in the Chrysler strike as of May 4 totall ed $3,001,391.12, Secretary-Trea surer Emil Mazey announced. He said emergency strike aid would be continued until Chrysler workers got their first pay checks. He esti mated the additional relief expense at $1,000,000. Funds spent so far, reported Mazey, were: Direct donations to local unions $2,408,0X4^7 pay ments for Blue Cross and Blue Shield $352,111.01 newspaper ads $50,611.46 radio time $2670.61 miscellaneous $7983.47. Income from the emergency strike assessment as of May 4 was $3,161,124.54 with collections not to be completed before July 1 be cause of duOs check-off difficulties with a number of companies. As sessment funds not used in the Chrysler strike and other current UAW strikes, Mazey said, will be put in the union’s strike fund and CERAMIC hei? 'J'S- he N° moWL,hedoe» go»» at**01 I.htor the mooic hngcra Cl Antoo Am play the gay and texy rthlrd Man Theme f' ew-‘'.'.a Truman Picks Strong Team Of Advisers On Economic Policy By ALVAINE HAMILTON Washington (LPA) The beat news for supporters of the Fair Deal economic program for a long time was announcement from the White House on May 10 that Leon Keyserling has been named chair man of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers. Along with this came word that Roy Blough, professor of economics and poli tical science at the University of Chicago, has been nominated as the third member of the council. Blough has wholeheartedly sup ported’the whole idea of the Em ployment Act of 1947 and his con firmation by the Senate will mean that for the first time President Truman will have a strong, force ful and aggressive team of men to push his economic program. This ends the uncertainty which has cloaked the Council ever since Chairman George Nourse’s resig nation was accepted by-the Pres ident last December. Nourse had resisted attempts of the other two members—Keyserling and John D. Clark—to carry President Tru man’s economic proposals to Con gress, to testify before Congress ional committees, and to act as something more than an ivory tow er outfit making predictions for the President’s ear alone. Since Truman eased him out, Nourse has bitterly attacked the Council and the President, especial ly in an article in Collier’s mag azine in which he charged that the other two members were “playing politics” because they appeared be fore Congressional committees to support the programs they had helped frame. He accused Keyser ling and Clark of mixing politics with economics. First evidence of the new life in jected into the Council will be the mid-year economic report the group will deliver to President Truman and his report to the Congress. This report, required by the Em ployment Act, is expected to reach the House and Senate before the end of June. A major issue which the Council will have to tackle in that report will be how the Ameri can economy can be spurred into growing as envisioned in Truman’s year-end report to Congress. Then, he proposed that the nation set its sights on an expansion of produc tion to a point in 1954 where the average family income, in “1949 dollars”, would above its present level. measured be $lC00 the econ- One dangerous spot in omy, already shown in the Coun cil’s May “Economic Indicators”, is that 5V2 percent of the labor force was unemployed in April, compared with percent in 1947, 3.3 percent in 1948, and 5.3 percent in 1949. Also during April production of non-durable goods mainly pro ducts like clothing and textiles— dropped off, although production of durable goods rose. Probably the first impact of the used for emergency strike assist ance in any other situation in the future. WHAT A CHASE HE LED THEM! Thursday, May 18, I960: 1,1 1 Ji-'/' revitalized Council bn Congress will come in the 82nd Congress opening next January, when the President’s advisers will be playing an active part in advocating his tax propos als. Much of the legislative smart on appropriations, taxes, and man aging the deficit has arisen from the fact that there is no over-all experienced leadership for Admin istration supporters. Blough, the new member whose confirmation is now before the Senate, is one of the top tax auth orities of the country. From 1938 to 1946, he headed the division of tax research of the Treasury De partment. This unit did much of the basic economic planning for Pres ident Roosevelt and Treasury Sec retary Morgenthau, both before the war and in mapping post-war econ omic arrangements such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The new Council member has ex pressed his views that the Council should play an aggressive role, both in advising the President and then in aiding Congress make up its mind on economic policies. He has testified on several occasions before the Joint Congressional Committee on the Economic Report, set up under the Employment act, and is of course thoroughly ac quainted with the ways Congress deals with fiscal policies, from his years with the Treasury Depart ment. •.’Demand the Union Label. We help many families save money safely, and we cart help your famil) do it also i«wa v wr\S\ FIVE DAYS STARTING SUNDAY DAVID O. SEIZNICK and ALEXANDER KORDA e n Thru the twisting labyrinth of the shadowy city they hunted him...the men who sought his life...and the woman who sought his love. STMtrnwa JOSEPH COTTEN VALLI ORSON WELLES GRAHAM GREENE A SEIZNICK WIEASB NEWS OF THE DAY IN PICTURES 8 rst Federal Saving Loan Association 1032 Pennsylvania Ave.