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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 01, 1950, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-06-01/ed-1/seq-6/

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-H Forces Union Seamen
To Change Boycott Plan
New York‘(LPA)—The Taft-4--------------
Hartley’ act reaches around the
world to frustrate trade union pro
gress, blue-water seAmen of many
flags discovered recently. As a re
sult, the seafarers’ section of the
Interna tional Transportworkers
Federation has had to change and
perhaps weaken the strategy by
which union* seamen hope to defeat
the purposes of shipowners who
transfer ships to Panamanian reg
istry, according to a report sub
mitted by John Hawk, internation
al secretary-treasurer of the Sea
farers InternatioriaF Union-AFL,
published in the Seafarers Log.
i Originally, unkm seamen planned
to organize a boycott of the Pana
manian fleet, which is really own
ed by Americans, Norwegians, Eng
lishmen, Greeks, and others, but
kept under the flag of Panama to
avoid union wages, responsibility
for damage suits, taxes, and high
engineering standards. However,
when a committee of the seafarers’
section sat down in Amsterdam,
Netherlands, last month to work
out the details, the shadow of Sen.
Robert A. Taft sat down with them.
A dark shadow it was, too.
Center of the boycott was expect
ed to be the American waterfront.
But Hawk had to tell his conference
mates that the Taft-Hartley act
prevents workers from striking in
sympathy with others or from
striking to enforce demands not
directly connected with their own
jobs. In vhort, the long-awaited
Panamanian boycott would be a
secondary boycott, illegal under
Taft’s law. Hawk pointed out that
court injunctions already had been
issued against the SIU for picket
ing Panamanian ships. Another
bar to an all-out boycott was the
fear that European Communists
might try to take advantage of the
situation to halt Atlantic Pact arms
However, according to Hawk’s
report, union seamen have devised
a new strategy including the fol
lowing steps:
Seamen’s unions will try to ob
tain contracts covering crews of
ships now under the Panamanian
flag which once flew the flags of
their respective countries.
American unions will seek Amer
ican wages for former US ships.
Others will seek British wages plus
a 26 percent differential if the ship
is under a social security or plus a
differential up to 66 if the ship is
.pot covered by social security.
(Ships whose owners refuse to
come to terms will be subjected to
boycott action and other harass-
Milk Bottles
Used Exclusively By
Golden Star
Phone 3200
Notice Sanitary Firms
Any firm seeking skilled craftsmen (in #11 trades)
or having job opportunities available for workers in
any job operation in the sanitary branch of the in
dustry, contact Walter E. Shutler, Secretary, Local
Union 77, Route 2, Box 58, Mannington, W. Va.
-so MUCH
215 West Fifth Street
Morse Wins In
Primary Despite
Smear Attack
Portland, Ore. (LPA) Sen.
Wayne Morse, liberal Republican,
won renomination in the GOP pri
mary, beating his conservative
rival, Dave Hoover, 2 to 1, despite
a smear attack in which Morse was
branded a follower of the Com
munist line. Hoover’s campaign was
lavishly finance^, but the conser
vative farmer failed to scare the
voters. The Hoover forces acted as
if Morse were the Democrats’ can
Morse won his seat in 1944 by
106,000 votes. He is a former dean
of the University of Oregon law
school, and was the public member
of the National War Labor Rela
tions Board. In the Senate he has
had an almost ICO per cent pro
administration record.
Morse said his victory was evi
dence of a trend toward liberalism
in the Republican party, and called
for a Republican victory in 1950 in
the state and the nation.
His Democratic opponent in the
fall will be Howard Latourette. Al
though observers predict a Morse
victory in November, the Demo
crats are optimistic because for the
first time in Oregon’s history, they
outnumber the GOP. They have
gained 20,600 registrations since
1948, while the Republicans lost
about 1600. The Democrat registra
tion is 354,575 the Republican,
346,038. In 1930 the Republicans
led by 213,731. In the 1950 regis
trations only four counties failed to
show Democratic gains.
Philadelphia (LPA) Inclusion
of a fair employment practices pro
vision in the new city charter now
being drafted is being urged by the
Greater Philadelphia Movement.
C. Jared Ingersoll, GPM chair
man, writing to City Corneil pres
ident Frederic D. Garman, who is
also chairman of the City Charter
Commission, said, “It would be de
sirable to have a provision in the
charter which clearly states the
principle of non-discrimination as
being applicable to all provisions
of the charter." Ingersoll said the
GPM feels that the city’s Fair Em
ployment Practices Commission “is
not logically placed in the normal
departmental operations of the city
government.” The City’s FEPC was
set up by ordinance March 12, 1948.
ments wherever possible around the
world, with the help of dockers and
other waterfront groups where nec
To carry out the strategy, the
SIU and the seamen’s unions of
Britain and western and northern
Europe will set up special organ
izing sections to reach the crews
of Panamanian ships, and will keep
a careful record of the movements
of all vessels under the hated flag.
ACTUAL charges for 500 consecu
tive funerals conducted by the
Funeral Home are as
Under $150
Under $300
Under $500
Over $500
Funeral Home
Phone Main 10
They Baked A Cake!
Philadelphia.—AFL Bakery and Confectionery Workers knew
President Emeritus Herman Winter, AFL Vice-President (left) and
President W'illiam L. Schnitzler (second from left) were coming to
their booth at the Union Industries Show. Yep, they baked both of
’em a cake—with their names on'
Board Rules
Miners Violated
T-H In Kentucky
Madisonville, Ky. (LPA) Dis
trict 23 of the United Mine Work
ers violated the Taft-Hartley act
by “invasion and seizure” of six
non-union mines in this west Ken
tucky area during last year’s mine
strike, a trial examiner for the
National Labor Relations boaid
ruled May 28. District officers and
an interna tional representative
must promise never to do it again,
the examiner said. His decision
the force of a board order if
not contested within 20 days.
According to the ruling, the
LJMW sent out 2600 men who tour
ed the area in a huge motor car
avan, invaded mine properties,
round*d up non-union miners, sub
jected the latter to threatening
speeches ami forced them to leave
their jobs. Trial examiner Charles
L. Ferguson concluded these acti
vities “constituted a course of con
duct creating an atmosphere of ter
ror and fear exceeding the bounds
of peaceable action.” He said Dis
trict 23 violated T-H by restraining
the right of workers not to join a
union if they didn’t want to.
The caravan toured six mines in
Hopkins and Union counties June
29 and 30, Ferguson wrote. As the
2000 union miners would approach
a non-union pit-head they would be
preceded by the county sheriff and
a state police captain who would
tell management best course was to
shut down and call the men togeth
er. By that time, the union miners
would be rounding up the non-union
men anyway. The union men would
surround the non-union boys while
UMW officials made speeches,
Ferguson claimed. The non-union
men would be told that the mine
was shut—and would remain shut
until the company signed a con
tract and the employes joined up.
An evening organizing meeting
would be scheduled on the spot.
The non-union coal diggers were
out of the pits about 10 days be
fore a state court issut*d an injunc
tion against the UMW. Four com
panies operating the mines filed
the complaints with the NLRB.
Randolph Re-Elected ITU President
Indianapolis (LPA) Woodruff
Randolph has been elected to his
fourth term as president of the Int’l
Typographical Union-AFL, after a
bitter fight.
votes in from most of the
nt Lui
Is May *22, Randolph had
piled up a “safe” lead of 7000 votes
over C. G. Sparkman of Detroit.
Official ballot count will not take
place until May 27.
Named Director
Champaign-Urbana, III.—Dr. W.
Ellison Chalmers has been named
director of the University of Illi,
noia Institute of Labor and Indus
trial Relations. The institute is
growing in service to AFL unions
in the area and Dr. Chalmers is
widely known to AFL members
for his work at Illinois and in the
U.S. Labor Department, Medita
tion Service and the lnt*?rnational
Labor Organization.
Simon J. Duke, 1055 Dresden
Ave., died May 30 in the Ohio Val
ley General Hospital in Wheeling,
following a five-month illness. He
was 61.
Mr. Duke was born in East Liv
erpool and spent his lifetime here.
He was a kiln drawer and was em
ployed at Plant 6 of the Homer
Laughlin China Co. He was a mem
ber of Local Union 17, National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters.
He leaves his widow, Mrs. Har
riet Elizabeth Carnes Duke two
sons, Earl Duke and Warren Duke
of East Liverpool five daughters,
Mrs. Rena Pugh of Chester, Mrs.
Isabell Clendenning and Mrs. Ruth
Thornberry of Newell, Mrs. Mar
jorie Conkle of East Liverpool,
and Miss Dorothy Duke at home
a brother, Thomas Duke and a sis
ter Mrs. Mary Haught, both of
East Liverpool, and six grand
TV Set Makers
Urged To Include
FM Reception
Washington (LPA*)—Television
manufacturers could save radio and
give consumers greater entertain
ment value if more of them would
equip television sets to receive FM
radio broadcasts, according to Ed
ward L. Sellers of the National As
sociation of Broadcasters.
It’s a simple engineering matter,
Sellers points out. He says the as
sociation estimates it would cost a
manufacturer only $2 to $3 a set
and that the final added cost to the
consumer would be no more than
$10 including all taxes. He expects
independent engineering estimates
to confirm association figures.
The Broadcasters Association is
putting on a drive among manufac
turers in line with a resolution
adopted at its April convention. If
the campaign is successful. FM
stations owned by the International
Ladies Garment Workers Union
AFL and the United Auto Work
ers will be among the principal
beneficiaries. So will other small
FM stations which regularly put on
top-flight programs.
Sellers, who heads the associa
tion’s FM department, says that a
television set really is a modified
FM receiver. In fact the “sound”
part of television actually is FM.
Only hitch is that most television
sets are not equipped to receive
the wave lengths assigned to FM
radio broadcasts.
In fact, Sellers says, there is an
entire section in the middle of the
FM “band” which is omitted from
most television sets. This is the
section which includes the chan
nels assigned to FM radio stations.
If the section were included, and If
a couple of switches were added,
your television set would be an FM
radio too.
Including an AM radio however,
would be another and an expensive
matter, Sellers adds.
The resolution at the Broadcast
ers’ Association convention calling
for a campaign among manufac
turers to include full provision for
FM reception was introduced by
Morris Novik of New York, radio
consultant to both the ILGWU and
the UAW. It is expected that the
association will make a strong at
tempt to enlist the aid of members
of the Federal Communications
Commission in its campaign.
The ILGWU and UAW operates
FM stations in New York, Cleve
land, Detroit, Chattanooga and Los
2 Union Men On Charities Board
Chicago (LPA)—William A. Lee,
president of the Chicago Federa
tion of Labor and John Doherty,
international representative for the
United Steelworkers, have been
named to the board of the Catholic
Charities of Chicago.
Demand the Union Label.
3000 Honored At
Anniversary Of
IBEW Local 134
Chicago (LPA)—Pins and scrolls
for 25 years or more of member
ship were presented to 3000 mem
bers of Local 134, International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers,
at the 50th anniversary of the local
May 27. The pins and scrolls were
presented by Daniel W. Tracy, in
ternational president, and J. Scott
Milne, international secretary-trea
surer. Representatives of 150 mid
west IBEW locals attended the
Speakers included William Green,
president of the American Federa
tion of Labor Joseph D. Keenan,
director of Labor’s League for
Political Education, for whom it
was a homecoming, since Local 134
is his home local Sen. Scott Lucas
Rep. Neil J. Linehan (D, Ill.), a
member of Local 134 Mayor Mar
tin Kennelly, and Michael J.
Bayl?, international vice-president
for the 6th district, who was among
the 39 who received pins for 50
years’ continuous good standing in
the union.
Green, in congratulating the
local and listing the gains since
1900, said “the veteran pioneers of
your local union, whose long and
loyal membership we are honoring
toaight, know from their Xwn ex
perience the hardships, the strug
gles, and the bitter- sacrifices that
thi^ workers of this country were
forced to endure in order to win de
cent conditions. Even in our free
land, the freedom of labor had to
be fought for and defended against
oppressive practices not only by
employers but by the government
itself. Every forward step on the
road to progress was bitterly con
tested by the enemies of labor.”
He noted that those entering the
industry today inherit the. higher
standards “which the veteran
trade-unionists had to pay for with
blood and tears.” He said most of
them do not .understand or take
the trouble to learn the history of
the labor movement. “It is our duty
to teach them the basic lessons of
trade unionism,” he said, “for the
time is fast approaching when the
labor movement of our country may
again be compelled to fight for its
very existence.”
He recounted the setback for
labor especially in the Taft-Hart
lay act, and declared “labor will
never submit to these unwarranted
and unconstitutional restrictions.”
Labor must intensify its political!
efforts to defeat the Dixiecrats,
and4abor cannot succeed political
ly in the south, Green pointed out,
“until we have increased our or
ganisational strength there.”
Labar’s battle during the first half
of ,$he century, Green said, was to
gai* a foothold. Now, he said, the
battle must be “to keep our posi
tion secure so that in the years
ahead we can safely and confident
ly go on to greater progress for all,
American workers.”
Master of ceremonies was
Thomas J. Murray, Local 1$4 busi
ness agent. The introductions were
made by Charles M. Paulsen, local
president. Others on the program
included Michael J. Kennedy, chair
man of arrangements Patrick S.
Sullivan, president of the Chicago
Building and Construction Trades
Council Frank Annunzio, director
of the state department of labor
Reuten Soderstrom, president of
the State Federation of Labor and
William Lee, president of the Chi
cago federation.
Workmen’s Circle
Marks 50th Year
New York (LPA) Another
labor 50th anniversary milestone
will be ticked off when the Work
mens Circle, Jewish labor and fra
ternal organization, opens its bi
ennial convention here. Delegates
from 38 states, representing more
than 70,000 members, are expected
to attend.
Secretary of Labor Maurice J.
Tobin, Mayor William O’Dwyer,
President Jacob S. Potofsky of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
head the list of speakers for th?
opening session in Madison Square
Garden which will also hear the
combined Workmen's Circle chorus
of 100Q voices, singer Jan Peerce,
and the Philharmonic Orchestra.
David Dubinsky, president of the
ILGWU and longtime member of
the Workmen’s Circle, will receive
a plaque for his labor and human
itarian services at the 50th anni
versary dinner at the Hotel Astor
June 2.
The organization is credited with
pioneering in 1 a o r-sponsored
health, welfare and mutual aid
A delegation from the Work
men’s Circle of France will be wel
comed by President Ephin H. Jes
hurjp along with fraternal dele
gate from most of the labor move
ment of New York, many them
selves early pioneers of the Arbeit
er Ring, which had a hand in the
“botning” of most of today’s great
lalx$r institutions out of the strikes
and labor struggles of the past.
Ask for Union Labeled merchan
Harrison Portrait Presented
Dallas, Tex.—AFL Vice-President George M. Harrison, president of
the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, is shown with oil portrait of him-*
self and William J. Winston, general chairman of the union for the
New York Central Lines West. The painting, suggested by Mr. Winston,
was presented to the Clerks Grand Lodge at the aqnpal meeting of.
chairmen and officers.
News and Views
Big business, the governor of a
Mid-western state recently declared
at a labor rally, has not only made
a mockery of Lincoln’s principle of
“government by the people, for the
people, and of the people,” but has
actually replaced it with “govern
ment by the corporations, for the
corporations, and of the corpora
In discussing the tax policies of
his state, he said that large indus
trial corporations carry only 8 per
cent of the state’s taxes. The con
suming public, on the other hand,
staggers under a crushing 80 per
cent tax load. This, the state execu
tive added, cries for immediate
remedy, to enable the educational
and welfare facilities of the state
to serve adequately.
Naturally this column has no
quarrel with the tax arguments of
the speaker. He is perfectly right
in driving the lesson of the con
sumer’s excessive burden home and
stressing the need for tax redistri
bution. But it is well to keep in
mind that the relentless expansion
and extravagances qf bureaucracy
have led to a point whereby federal,
state and local government, directly
and indirectly, takes a cut of near
ly 30 percent of the earnings of
every citizen. As long as these con
ditions prevail, it seems silly to
draw artificial distinctions and
make it appear that if it were not
for the big and bad corporations
everything would be hunky-dory.
Readers have undoubtedly recog
nized by this time that the gover
nor was speaking for home con
sumption that he was busy build
ing the platform for this year’s
election contest. In line with the
tone set by President Truman dur
ing his recent, nonpolitical, cross
country tour, it was only natural
that the governor would urge his
listeners to vote for representa
tives who, in the politicians’ roll
ing phrase, have the welfare of the
people in mind rather than the in-!
terests of the big corporations.
Another premature harbinger
of the silly summer season comes i
from Florida, where, according to
Labor, railroad union weekly, ‘‘or
ganized labor proudly points to the
fact that it did not fail Senator
Claude Pepper, although Congress
man Smathers emerged victor in
the senatorial contest.” We carried
Miami and cleaned up Dade Coun
ty, writes the correspondent. “We
smashed Smathers all over his dis
trict. In fact, Smathers lost wher
ever he was well known. Unfortu
nately, Smathers’ smear campaign,
financed by Yankee capitalists,
was successful in other parts of
Florida where we couldn’t get the
truth to the voters.”
To tell the truth, the Pepper
Smathers fight was nothing to brag
about. Nor have 1 great liking for
Mr. Smathers, who made himself
particularly obnoxious by playing
white and colored people against
each other. On the other hand, it is
only fair to say that Senator Pep
per’s campaign was little above
that of his opponent considering
Pepper’s 14 years in the U. S. Sen
ate, one might have expected more
of him. So, weighing both in the
balance, it is perhaps not too bad
for the Florida citizens to find out I
for themselves the qualifications of I
the future Senator Smathers.
does the doUar of today
to, compared with the dol
10 years ago Although
lar of
much has been written on the sub
ject, I am indebted to a monetary
expert connected with a New York
financial institution for an intelli
gent and understandable an answer
as can be expected on such a diffi
cut subject.
This is the way he puts it:
“If you had $1,000 in cash in
19S9, and managed to hang on
to it until 1949, you still had
$1,000 in numbers, but their
purchasing power was down to
if you had put $1,000 into a
savings account and left them
alone, you had in 1949 $1,
230.83, amounting to $706.50
of the former purchasing pow
if you had bought $1,000
government E bonds and kept
them for a decade, you had $1,
333.33, which means $765.33* in
terms of old
and if you had placed $1,660
in selected mutual investments
and kept them for 10 years*
your bank account would show
$2,164.91—that is, $1,242.66 in
terms of the dollar’s purchas
ing power of 1939.”
In short, only by judicious indus
trial investment were 'you able to
preserve the full value of yoyr
capital and make a profit. After
listening to the Pollyanna promises
of politicians and looking at to
day’s economic make-believe world,
I buy my friend’s prescription.
General Motors
Signs Five Year
Pact With IUE
Detroit (LPA)—A five-year con
tract patterned after the one sign
ed with the autoworkers was agreed
on May 27 by General Motors Corp,
and the Int’l Union of Electrical,
Radio & Machine Workers.
More than 30,000 IUE members
are covered by the pact, which has
nearly all the features of the UAW
settlement that has drawn favor
able comment nationwide. Only the
modified union-shop provision is
omitted. A clause in its place pro
vides for such a union shop if and
when the electrical workers win an
NLRB-conducted union shop elec
Unusual features of the contract
include* a guaranteed annual wage
raise of four cents each year for
the next five years $100 retire
ment pensions, to be raised to
$117.50 if federal social security
laws are improved an escalator
clause granting wage raises when
cost-of-liying rises and cuts when
it goes down (with a floor beneath
which pay cannot fall) life insur
ance, sickness and accident bene
fits, including payment of half the
Blue Cross and Blue Shield duos
for workers and members of their
families no reopenings until 1955.
Electrical workers in the follow
ing plants are covered: Frigidaire
and Delco Products, Dayton, O.
Packard Electric, Warren, O. Del
co Appliance, Rochester, N. Y.
Delco-Remy, New Brunswick, N. J.
Jani ____
Thursday, June 1, 1950
UAW Wins $100
Pensions, 4c Pay
Hike For 285,000
Detroit (LPA)—Agreement on a
contract covering the 285,000 pro
duction workers employed by Gen
eral Motors Corp, was reached by
GM and United Auto Workers on
M»y 23.
The five-year pact grants retire
ment pensions of $100 a month
which will increase.as Federal so
cial security benefits improve.
(This is a step ahead of the Ford
and Chrysler agreements, which
automatically cut company pension
payments, wb^ J^d^ral payments
A wage increase oi four cents
each year is guaranteed for the
next five years. The copt-of-living
escalator clause, established in the
last GM contract, remains In*effect,
but the steady four-cent increase Is
not related to it.
UAW President ^Walter Reuther
announced that the entire “pack
age” won by the union totals 19
cents: seven cents for pensions,
five cents for a hospital-medical
program, four cents flat wage in
crease, ohe-and-a-half cents^ im
proved vacation pay, and .6’cents
in special raises including a five
cent hourly increase fof. tool and
die makers.
The agreement also provides for
a modified union shop. Formal rati
fication by local unions is necess
ary. This however is expected to be
routine, because 200 delegates from
the locals approved the pact at a
conference in Detroit.
St. Louis (LPA)—Building la
borers, members of the AFL Labor
er union, got a 5-cent increase to
$1.65, and laborers on highway con
struction, were raised 15 cents to
$1.65, in an agreement with the
General Contractors of St. Louis.
They represent 72 major construc
tion and highway contractors.
Demand the Union Label.
Sunny daijs
arc ahead
for those
who save.
Benin now!
First Federal Savings
& Loan Association
1032 Pennsylvania Ave.
e Fri ht
Marlene Michael Richard
Wyman Dietrich Wilding Todd

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