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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 15, 1950, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-06-15/ed-1/seq-5/

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i -I
CCS Big Lobby No
Publishing House,
.Says Biemiller
Washington (LPA) The Com
mittee for Constitutional Govern
ment, top lobby for those who hate
organized labor and the Fair Deal,
got a rough going-over from Rep.
(Andrew Biemiller (D, Wis.) June
5. His attack came the day before
the CCG’s executive secretary, Ed
ward Rumely, defied the House
Select Committee on Lobbying Ac
tivities after being subpoenaed to
identify his financial backers.
Biemiller told the House the CCG
was the creation of Frank Gannett,
reactionary publisher of upstate
Npw
York who once coveted Re
publican nomination for the pres
idency. In great detail, the Wiscon
sin liberal brought out that the or
ganization is not only anti-labor
in general, but also actually op
poses collective bargaining and the
right to strike, according to its
.published literature.^
Biemiller made mincemeat of the
CCG’s claim to be a publishing
htmse, not a lobby. He said the or
gainization was exercising “colos
sal gall” in denying it was a lobby,
and in complaining to Congress
and the courts that the House com
mittee on lobbying was violating
freedom of speech by investigating
its activities. Pointing out that it
published nothing but books apd
•pamphlets on the Taft-Hartley act,
national health insurance and other
legislative matters, he said the
CCG as a publishing house, was
“about as non-political as the Re
publican National Committee.” It
is true, Biemiller admitted, that
the CCG does not endorse political
candidates, but “in its lexicon of
hate, no administration supporter
is any good.”
Biemiller traced the CCG back
to its formation in 1937 by Gan
nett, who put Edward Rumely in
charge. He reminded the House
that after World War I, Rumely
i was indicted and convicted for co
operating with the Germans. He
1 said the organization’s first fight
was against FDR’s attempt to lib
eralize the Supreme Court, but that
it soon found other liberal pro
grams to oppose.
The CCG is linked with anti
Semitic and pro-Fascist individuals
and groups. Biemiller declared, but
saved his most withering fire for
the organization’s current pet pro
ject, John T. Flynn’s book “The
Road Ahead.” The Flynn book is
an attack on Franklin Roosevelt,
I,Harry Truman and the British
Labor party, in which disaster for
America is predicted if the govern
ment is allowed to control or regu
late anything at all. Biemiller said.
TO PROTECT
their future
Until your children come of age
and are trained to provide for
themselves, your future is their
future. What lies ahead for you
must be their lot, too. There is
no better way to insure their
having all the things you want
for them than for you to have
“money in the bank”. Consistent
savings to fit your income can
guarantee their future. Plan to
see us about starting a savings
account now. You will find us
friendly and helpful.
SAVE now at
First National
Member FDIC
East Liverpool’s Oldest Bank
Phone 914
i-
w
Thursday, June 15, IMO
for happier
SPENDING later
1WT
Here She Ccmes-Thor She Goes
Last December, Denham said he
would waive union-shop elections
in the construction industry be
cause the nature of the industry in
some areas would make such elec
tions impossible. He would be the
sole judge of where a* union-shop
election is feasible. The Machinists
opposed Denham’s proposal. The
building trades unions, in effect,
were for it.
Denham has not been sending the
board any unfair labor practice
cases involving the construction in
dustry. The last case the board
handled involving the industry was
in June, 1949.
“So long as the General Counsel
thinks it fairest and best to exer
cise his exclusive discretion by de
clining to issue complaints of un
fair labor practice if employes are
discharged pursuant to an unauth
orized union-shop contract,” the
NLRB statement declared, “the
Board could not, if it would, con
duct a hearing or find a violation
of law. If and when, however, any
such case reaches the Board Mem
bers for decision, we will have
choice but to enforce the law
written.”
Furniture “Stoves
Bedding-Curtains
Drapery—Rugs—Carpets
Paint—Appliances
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and All
Furnishings To Make a House a
Comfortable Home
Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio
Convenient Terms
CROOK’S
THE BEST PLACE TO BUY AFTER ALL'
a V
A view at the Roller Coaster at Meyers Lake Park. Rated one of
the fastest in the state, this is one ride you will not want to miss on
picnic day.
Building Trades
Within T-H
Union Shop Rules
Washington (LPA) The Na
tional Labor Relations Board will
not go along with General Counsel
Robert M. Denham’s policy exempt
ing the building trades unions from
the union-shop provisions of the
Taft-Hartley act.
In a statement of policy issued
June 6, the NLRB members declar
ed that if the law is unworkable in
the building trades (as everyone
agrees) it is up to them to report
the fact to Congress, rather than
to change the law themselves by
administrative exemption of a
single industry. This is the first
time that the Board has declared
its stand on the matter.
Both the Taft and the Adminis
tration bills to amend the T-H act,
voted down by Congress last year,
would have eliminated all union
shop elections, which have turned
out to be a costly proof of the fact
that workers really want their
unions.
High Court KO’s
Texas’ Claims To
Underwater Oil
no
as
GRAHAM FACES RUNOFF
JUNE 24 IN NORTH CAROLINA
Raleigh, N. C. (LPA)—Willis
Smith, Raleigh corporation lawyer,
filed notice June 7 that he desires
a runoff election, which under state
law will be June 24. Smith got
40.66 per cent of the vote to 48.88
for Sen. Frank P. Graham in the
democratic primary May 27. The
law permits a runoff if the top mar
does not get a clear majority. The
original primary, second major
test this spring of the Fair Deal,
brought out a record-breaking vote
of 660,000.
Washington (LPA) If was
“Black Monday” for Texas when
the Supreme Court ruled that the
Lone Star state, along with Louis
iana and California, does not have
sovereign right to the rich oil re
sources of the underwater lands
along the states’ borders.
The powerful Texas delegation
in Congress immediately moved in,
as the last step in a battle which
has been going oh ever since the
oil was discovered Under the “tide
lands” and even further out to -sea.
They will press a bill, already ap
proved by a majority of the House
Judiciary committee, giving the
states clear right to the mineral
wealth of the coastal shelf-adjoin
ing the states’ borders.
The Supreme Court had ruled
three years ago, in a California
case, that the United States gov
ernment’s interests in the coastal
resources took precedence over the
state’s claims. In the June 5 decis
ions, the court decided the same
applied to both Texas and Louis
iana. Texas claimed that since it
was an independent republic before
it came into the union, it still own
ed the lands extending out under
the Gulf of Mexico. The state of
Louisiana had passed a law declar
ing its boundaries went 27 miles
out from the shore line.
At stake now—and the decisions
will be up to Congress—are the
way the federal government and
the states will divide the royalties
from leases to private corporations
to exploit the oil resources.
Billions of dollars of revenue are
at stake, since it’s estimated that
more than 100 billion barrels, or
more than four times the proved
resources now available in the
whole United States, are under the
coastal shelf.
Sen. Jpseph C. O’Mahoney, (D,
Wyo.), chairman of the Insular Af
fairs committee, announced imme
diately he’ll go ahead with hearings
on how to carry out the Supreme
Court’s ruling, although the at
torneys general of the two states
will ask for a rehearing before the
court. O’Mahoney proposes that the
revenue be shared with the states,
but that a large part go to pay the
national debt. The Texans in Con
gress support the House commit
tee’s bill turning revenue over to
the states.
Justice William Douglas in the
majority decision in the Texas case
argued that “today the controversy
is over oil. Tomorrow it may be
over some other substance or min
eral or perhaps the bed of the ocean
itself. If the property, whatever it
may be, lies seaward of low*water
mark, its use, disposition, manage
ment and control involve national
interests and national responsibil
ities. That is the source of national
rights in it.”
FCFTU BOABD MEETS
IN BRUSSELS
Brussels, Belgium (LPA)—The
executive board of the new anti
Communist International Confeder
ation of Free Trade Unions adopt
ed a resolution calling for close re
lations between the labor body and
the Couhcil of Europe, inter-gov
ernmental body studying basic
economic problems.
Other resolutions included in
dorsement of a statement by Aus
trian unions calling for withdrawal
of occupation forces from that
country and early conclusion of a
peace treaty restoring its independ
ence and a plea for recognition by
the United Nations of people’s,
rights in the Yugoslav zone of
Trieste.
The executive board voted to ad*
mit union groups from Mexico and
New Zealand. It also decided to
open an office in New York to
further cooperation with the United
Nations.
The US and Canadian labor
movements were represented at
the three-day meeting by George
Meany, AFL secretary-treasurer
Elmer Cope, CIO representative
Pat Conroy of the Canadian Con
gress of Labor and Sam Finlay of
the Canadian Trades & Labor Con
gress.
...
New Union Cmcil
Set Up At Parley
In California!
tong Beach, Cafff. (UFA)— A
new California Industrial Union
Council was created here by a con
stitutional convention June 3-5. The
council replaces the old one whose
charter was lifted by President
Philip Murray last February on the
grounds the group was Communist
dominated.
Manuel Dias, financial secretary
of Local 65 of the United Auto
Workers in Oakland, was elected
president by the 602 delegates rep
resenting 150,000 members of 151
locals. Dias has been a UAW mem
ber since 1936. John A. Despol, a
13-year veteran of the United
Steelworkers, was elected to the
full-time administrative post of
secretary-treasurer.
Also elected was a 23-nMfcM» ex
ecutive board with the five largest
unions—Steelworkers, UAW^f Oil
Workers, Rubber Workers* and
Communications Workers being
allocated two members apiece. The
International Lon gs horemCn A
Warehousemen’s Union, only one
of whose' locals was represented,
and* the Transport Workers, de
clined to nominate anyone for the
board.
Keynote speaker was Allan S.
Haywood, vice-president and direc
tor of organization. He called on
the California CIO to adopt a
“vigorous policy” by setting up “a
council that will serve your unions
and advance the interests of every
member of every color and erted.”
In addition, he predicted “working
unity” for the US labor movement
throughout the 1950 Congressional
campaign and declared that nego
tiationfc toward a single, unified na
tional labor federation would con
tinue. Haywood denounced the old
Commie-line state council in with
ering terms, describing Harry
Bridges and two other officers of
the defunct group as “political
scabs.”
In his acceptance speech, Presi
dent Dias said: “In my history I
cannot remember when I have not
dreamed of the day When there
would be a real honest-to-God
Council in the state of California.
Never once have I lost faith that
one day we would have the kind of
council that could provide for all
the type of service and coordination
that will bring to all of the work
ing men- and women of California
a full measure of security, free
dom and the dignity that i£ the
God-given privilege of every htfman
being.” Despot accepted hig^new
post as “a challenge and an eppor
tunity.”
In a series of resolutions, the
new council pledged full backing to
the “fruit tramps” fighting for “a
union run from the bottom up, not
from the top down” supported the
Oil Workers’ organizing drive
which is being opposed by the
ILWU and company unions backed
the Furniture Workers in their
drive to oust anti elements endors
ed a political program emphasizing
need for Taft-Hartley repeal de
manded FEPC legislation opposed
the Mundt-Nixon bill and thd re
gents* oath at the University of
California created a working Civil
Rights Committee called for rent
control and public housing struck!
hard at unemployment in Califor
nia condemned the State Depart
ment of Employment’s anti-labor
operations voted all out support tc
the union label campaign of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers^
Guest speakers included James
Roosevelt and Helen Gahagar
Douglas, who in the subsequent
primaries received the Democratic
nominations for Governor and Sen
ator, respectively.
Boom In South Credited
To 75-Cent Minimum:
New York (LPA)—During hear
ings on increasing the federal wage
minimum from 40 cents to 75 cents,
.many employers testified they
would be forced out of business.
When the law was passed, they
rushed to get exemptions, and ap
plied for sub-minimum and “learn
er” rates.
The Daily News Record of New
York City, a business men’s paper,
reports in its June 6 issue that
salesmen returning from the south
report the 75-cent minimum and
favorable weather “have enabled
much of the southeast and south
west to forge ahead of other sec
tions in the
business and
quirements.”
salesman as
“looks more
other in the country.” Another said
income had almost doubled,
“this in turn has found its
back into the retail market.”
‘A"
matter of sustained
new merchandise re
They quoted one
saying that section
prosperous than any
«r
THE POTTERS HERAtD. EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO
and
way
UNION PROTESTS SUMMARY
FIRING POWER FOR AGENCIES
Washington (LPA)—The Gov
ernment and Civic Employes Com
mittee, has protested to Sen. Mc
Kellar (D, Tenn.) a rider in the
omnibus appropriations bill giving
the Secretaries of State and Com
merce summary dismissal powers.
The result of such a law, said the
union, would be to end careers of
civil service in government, and'
would mean that “politics are run
ning civil service.
Talk Organizing
Washington.—Harry O’Reilly, director AFL organizing, dis
cusses his favorite subject of winning more AFL members with
George S. Russ, newly-re-elected president of the National Federa
tion of Insurance Agents Council, one of the organizations spear
heading AFL efforts to add 1,000,000 new members in 1950.
Donnell’s Baiting
Fails To Budge
Chiefs Testimony
Washington (LPA)---Sen. For
rest Donnell (R, Mo.), failing to
present plausible arguments in fav
or of his bill to outlaw
railroads, is resorting
witnesses instead.
strikes on
to baiting
He tried it on David
He tried it on David Robertson,
president of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Firemen A Enginemen
June 6, before the Senate Labor
subcommittee holding hearings on
the bill. Donnell didn’t do so well.
Robertson testified the bill vio
lates all the principles of free en
terprise and of free trade unionism.
To docket his case, he referred to a
scholarly book by Gagliardo on the
failure of compulsory arbitration
of labor disputes under a Kansas
law in the early 1920’s.
Donnell leaped right in, and for
20 minutes he ranted, while Sena
tors Thomas (D, Utah), Lehman
(D, N. Y.), Pepper (D, Fla.) and
Morse (R, Ore.) sat by more or
less patiently.
Donnell asked Robertsoh Was the
author a Scandinavian or an Ital
ion? How many pages were there
in the book, and had Robertson
read the whole book? How long
did it take to read the book? How
did you pronounce the author’s
name. Donnell wound up by intim
ating that Harold C. Heiss, union
counsel, had written Robertson’s
testimony.
Robertson got back at Donnell
when the latter said he had receiv
ed valuable help from J. Carter
Fort, head of the Association of
American Railroads, in writing his
anti-union bill. “I’m sure”, shot
back Robertson, “that Fort render
ed you a greater service than my
counsel did in preparing my state
ment.”
When Donnell insisted “the pub
lic interest is paramount” Robert
son agreed, but observed the 1,
400,000 employes of the nation’s
railroads, plus their families, un
derstand the public interest. “My
guess is that if you submitted this
bill to the public in a referendum
the way our union submits the car
rier’s offers to our members, you
wouldn’t get a fifty percent or even
a twenty five percent vote in favor
of this bill.”
As for improving collective bar
gaining on the railroads, Robertson
told Donnell he could do much more
to further industrial peace if he’d
get behind bills to speed up adjudi
cation of time disputes which now
are shoved up to the national ad
justment boards set up under the
railway labor act. Millions of doll
ars in time claims by individual em
ployes sit for years in the hands
of one national adjustment board,
Robertson said. The carriers have
discovered that they can push any
case where a timekeeper disputes a
workers’ time record out of the
hands of management A union
spokesmen on the scene, up to the
board,, causing serious grievances
and much ill will.
“Once compulsory arbitration is
adopted for one of the major indus
tries,” Robertson warned, “the ef
fect is certain to be widespread,”
and not just confined to the rail
roads.
Robertson told the committee, the
Donnell bill was of “doubtful con
stitutionality,” that strikes have
been rare except in the immediate
post-war period, that the bill would
slow down the work of the railroad
adjustment boards, would encour
age employers to stall on demands
because they would know their
workers couldn’t strike or enforce
the demands, and would weaken
collective bargaining. It would sub
stitute government regulation not
only of wages, but of rates, result
in government subsidies to margin
al roads, and would lead to govern
ment regulation of what new enter
prises entered the picture.
AFL GROUP SIGNS RADIO
STATION IN ST. LOUIS
St. Louis (LPA)—The AFL Am
erican Federation of Radio Artists
has signed a one-year contract with
radio station WIL for five announc
ers and for any singers or artists
:hat may
future.
be employed in the
V
Comment On
World Events
David A. Morse, director-general
of the International Labor Organ
ization had some interesting things
to sMy on labor productivity and
the organized workers’ attitude on
it, at the ILO’s 33rd general con
ference in Geneva. The conference,
which opened June 7, was featured
by +he world’s first official inter
natiuhal debate on labor produc
tivity.
Technically, the worker, employ
er and government delegates from
most of tho- 60 member ILO nations
v.ei'e considering Morse’s annual
report. The ILO head, however,
has emphasized the vital import
ance of increasing labor produc
tivity, not only in the world’s
under-developed regions, but in the
industrially advanced countries, too.
Reporting on economic trentis
during the past year, Director-Gen
eral Morse declared that govern
ments can prevent lengthy periods
of unemployment, a view which
labor has long held.
Morse said
“Since the war,’
“there has been no mass unemploy
ment due to a general decline in
all sectors of effective demand,
such as occurred in the 1930’s. If
this kind of unemployment again
arises, understanding of the under
lying factors will be much more
adequate than it was then. There
is no reason why any government
should allow mass unemployment
due to lack of effective demand to
persist over a long period of time.
“Serious doubts are being felt as
to whether the normal forces of in
ternational trade and finance will
be sufficiently
the gap when
terminates its
gency external
larly its European Recovery Pro
gram.
“Since the end of the war, intra
regional trade, although it has ex
panded in Latin America compared
with the prewar period, has declin
ed drastically in Europe and Asia.
This has been a major cause of the
increased dependence of these two
trading areas on imports from
hafd-currency areas. To restore
this intra-regional trade is there
fore an essential condition of a
permanent reduction the world’s
dollar deficit.”
effective to close
the United States
program of emer
financing, particu-
On the question of productivity,
Morse gave the following report
on labor’s attitude:
“Recently there appears to have
been a tendency on the part of
trade unions to attach greater im
portance, in the national interests
and in the interests of workers
themselves, to measures to raise
productivity, as distinct from mea
sures to redistribute income. Coupl
ed with this there has been a tend
ency towards the establishment in a
growing number of countries of
safeguards for the interests of
workers and participation by trade
unions in the administration of
measures to raise productivity.
“In these circumstances, a trend
of the greatest significance can be
discerned in a number of countries.
Though it cannot be said that the
deep-rooted fear which many work
ers have of working themselves (or
their mates) out of a job has been
overcome, nevertheless a tendency
can be observed for the attitude of
cautious reserve often adopted by
trade unions in the past towards
measures to increase the produc-j
tivity of labor to give way to a new
attitude of positive and vigorous
support for and cooperation in such
measures, provided that they are
accompanied by adequate safe
guards for the interests of work-*
ers.”
50-Cent Minimum For Minors
Set In Washington State
Olympia, Wash. (LPA) The
1942 state minimum wage for min
ors of 25 cents an hour will go to
50 cents July 10 under an order
issued by A. M. Johnson, director
of the state department of Labor
and industries. Exempt are baby
sitters, farm workers, fruit or
vegetable pickers, newsboys and
domestic help.
Booklet Traces
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).
A new booklet on the development
of apprenticeship since Colonial
days makes it clear that a lot can
happen in a few hundred years.
Compiled by the U. S. Labor De
partment’s Bureau of Apprentice
ship, the publication is now on sale
at the Government Printing Office.
The booklet coxitratu early ap-*
prentice indentures with today’s
apprentice agreements. Apprentice
ship metho dr have banged greatly
since Colox^al timei. A study of
what was good enough for great
great-great grandpa underscores
present-day benefits and opportun
ities afforded the apprenUees.
For example, the bool i t, quot
ing an old indenture, shows that in
1646 one apprentice received, as
total compensation for 8 years of
service- living with his master and
working in a menial capacity for
60 or more hours a week—“meat,
drinke & clothing fitting such art
appr»ntise A at the end of his time
one r. w sute of apparell A forty
shillings in money.” Presumably,
he also acquired fi'-me knowledge
of his trade but training proced
ures were not outlined .n the Col
onial contract
In addition to the 1640 indenture,
the booklet, entitled “Apprentice
ship-Past and Present,” also cites
indentures dated 1832, 1869, and
1893. It describes how apprentices
are trail today, comparing to
day’s methods with ♦he experiences
of Benjamin Frank! n as an ap-l
prentice in 1718 of Paul Revere,
whose prowess as an artisan was
as extraordinary aS his equeStrial
activates and of apprentices
subsequent years.
Plumbing Group Sued By US
On Anti-Trust Charge
Carson City, Nev. (LPA)—The
US Department of Justice has filed
a civil anti-trust suit here against
the Reno Merchant Plumbing and
Heating Contractors, Inc., its sec
retary, and 18 members? The US
charges the group has submitted!
identical bids and has induced
other plumbers to join the associa
tion by trying to prevent sales of
supplies to non-members. Net re
sult, said the suit, was to boost the
price of plumbing supplies.
COLUMBM
GAS
SYSTEM
pagis
Fnni
New fork Labor
Board OK’s Dames
4s Bartenders
New York (LPA)—If It’s okay
for a waitress to bring a slug of
Old Hotstaff to your table, it’s
okay for a lady to pour It out of
the dark brown bottle behind the
bar. That was the effect, at least,
of a decision by the New York
State Labor Relations Board invol
ving Larry’s Cafe on Eighth Ave
nue and its employes.
Technically, all the board did
was deny a petition by the company
for an election among its employes
including three barmaids, on the
grounds that none of them belong
ed to a union anyway. However, in
a supplemental opinion, board
chairman Keith Lorenz indicated
there was no law against women
bartenders.
Case arose when Tocaf "16* of tTie
Hotel 4c Restaurant Workers-AFL
objected to the three barmaids,
holding they were non-union work
ers keeping good union men out of
jobs. Local 16 also contended that,
back of the bar was no place for a
lady anyway.
Lorenz pointed out that the union
had not objected to lady mixolog
ists until unemployment among its
male members became acute. He
said Local 16, the old meanfef was
just trying to protect jobs'for men.
The union once had a contract at
Larry’s, but refused to admit the
barmaids to membership. Then it
picketed the place as unfair.
There’s nothing to prevent the girls
from organizing, however, Lorenz
pointed out Nothing to prevent
Local 16 frtm taking the ladies in,
either.
ILGWU MAPS PLANS FOR
WINNING COLD WAR
Atlantic City (LPA)—A broad
program for winning the “cold
war” was adopted at the Golden
Jubilee Convention of the AFL Int’l
Ladies Garment Workers. The plan
embodied continued support of the
Marshall Plan, aid to western Eu
rope and Asia, support of the UN,
support of President Truman’s
Point IV plan, and continued op
position to Franco in Spain. The
program also called for an end of
the veto power in the United Na
tions.
in
Copies of the booklet may
purchased, at 15 cents each,
writing to the Superintendent
Documents, U. S.
Printing Office, Washington
D. C.
be
by
of
Government
25,
The Communist movement, said
the declaration, “should be consid
ered as a criminal conspiracy of
espionage, sabotage and subversion,
working for and serving the inter
ests of a foreign power which seeks
to rob us of our liberties and con
quer and enslave us as a nation.”
its
SILENT!
ond,
it wears longer!
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to offset vibration. Servel doesn’t groan, wheeze, whirr, or
rumble. It can’t!—because there is not one moving part in
the freezing unit to get noisy. And because there are no
moving parts, there is nothing to wear. You have no motor
repairs to face—ever!
THAT’S WHY S«x»«t GAS RMtlGERATOR
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THE MANUFACTURERS
LIGHT & HEAT CO.
110 West Sixth Strsst, East Liverpool, OUt^l
I
V
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I

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