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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, June 29, 1950, Image 5

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-06-29/ed-1/seq-5/

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Thursday, June 29, 1950
First Long Movie
YOU’RE FIRED—and no back-talk either. That’s the way the
boss operated in the pre-union days in the garment industry. Contrast
this scene from the ILGWU movie “With These Hands” with 1950
version collective bargaining.
A union is really grown, up when
its members can look back on the
thorny paths, laugh merrily at the
lighter moments, and weep for its
martyrs. And when a union with
the stormy history of the Int’l
Ladies Garment Workers reaches
its 50th birthday, it takes a skill
ful and sympathetic group of tech
nicians to pack into a 40-minute
movie the laughs and tears that
make the union an American insti
A Broadway opening on June 15
brings to the American public such
a story of the ILG, in a movie
Washington (LPA) “Screen
actor Bill Holden’s in town,” the
note on our desk said. “He’s to do
some scenes for the movie ‘Born
Yesterday’. He’s vice-president of
the Screen Actors Guild. Think you
could get a story without swoon
Could we? We sure could. What
if we did swoon. Bill Holden! The
choice was Holden or some Con
gressman, or a bloke in the Labor
Department who had a message.
No choice at all, if you know what
I mean.
a ()l.((We grabbed ou lipstick. Wished
7^ we’d had the hair done yesterday.
Off we dashed to the Jefferson
Memorial. That’s where director
George Cukor was supposed to be
putting our hero and a young lady
named Judy Holliday through their
paces under the shadow of Mr.
Jefferson hirrfself—his statue we
mean. (What Mr. J—would have
thought of the goings-on we don’t
know. The old boy might have rais
ed an eyebrow.)
We moseyed around till we saw
a real good looking fellow in a
light suit. We took a look at our
compact, gathered our courage and
said, “Pardon me, aren’t you Mr.
“No, ma’m,” he said, “I ain’t.
I’m the driver of the sight seeing
uv'we walked around some more
until we spotted three friendly
looking fellows talking on the
steps. Why one of them might be
Bill Holden, we thought. They were
that friendly looking.
Beg your pardon, we said—al
most curtsying but did one
of them know where Mr. Holden
might be?
“I’m Bill Holden,” one of them
replied. And, glory be, it was.
We were from Labor Press Asso
ciation, we told him. We wanted an
interview with the vice-president
of the Screen Actors Guild, we
Labor press, Screen Actors
Guild, why that’s what we were
talking about, said Holden as his
colleagues agreed. Stick around
and listen. We stuck, and you
could have knocked us over with a
four-page weekly. Still, as things
turned out, we might as well have
been standing in the lobby of AFL
Seems Bill Holden has the same
problems as any other labor leader.
The union takes up so much time.
“I was just telling these boys I
was thinking about resigning,” he
.It was the pressure, he explain
ed. Too much to do. Meetings,
meetings, meeting, all the time.
“I’ve got three-kids, four, six and
twelve,” he went on, “and I never
have a chance to see them.”
Up in the morning, start to
shave, Holden said. A man ought
to whistle when he shaves. “Do I
whistle?” he asked. “No. I think.
I have to go see Dore Schary—we
have to talk about the union. A
man ought to be allowed to go back
to whistling after he’s shaved
thinking about union business four
or five years.”
All very interesting, but not
much of a story for us, we thought.
Nobody has to talk to an actor
labor leader to learn how hard it is
to finch time to do what has to be
done. An agent for the butchers,
the carpenters, 'the auto workers,
the dressmakers, the sailors could
tell you that.
What about Bill Holden’s back
ground How’d he get into the
called “With These Hands.”*It will
be made available for showing in
theaters and union halls all over
the country, and should go a long
way to interpret this unique union
—just as unique in its way as the
typos’, the rail men’s, the auto and
steel workers’ union are—to pro
labor men and women, and the
youngsters who have only read in
the books about the contributions
of the New York garment workers
to American political and economic
The old-timers who still can
hear the screams of the victims of
Film Actor Talks Like
Business Agent—And He Is
union anyway? Maybe there was
our story.
Turned out he’d been active in
the Screen Actors Guild a long
time, but he’d known about unions
even longer. He worked on the
waterfront once, not as a sailor,
but as a clerk. He knows why they
have unions on the waterfront, and
other places too.
To hear him tell it, there’s no
reason why he should be vice-pre
sident of the Screen Actors Guild.
According to his version, the guild
was seeking young blood for its ex
ecutive board right after the war,
wanted some veterans too. Hold
en qualified on both counts. So
he’s the vice-president. There must
be more to it than that, we decided.
What special problems are they
facing in the movies these days,
we asked him.
Unemployment, he told us, un
employment and the slump in the
picture business. Competition from
television is hitting the movies
hard. TV makes jobs for enter
tainers, he said, but not for many
movie people. Seems few ’movie
people are multiple card holders.
Kids work in movies, /lose their
jobs and first thing you know
they’re back jerking sodas or clerk
ing hotels. “It’s tough,” Bill Hold
en said.
Then there are other problems.
England has a 75 per cent tax on
US films, and there’s a lid on the
profits an American company can
take from Britain. To offset this,
the movie industry tires to use
British profits to make movies over
there. Leaves the boys in California
holding the bag. “It’s not the in
dustry’s fault,” Holden said. “The
industry can’t do anything about
At this point a waiting mob of
school kids broke us up. They
wanted autographs. “Hey, lady,
don’t yuh know school’s out?” they
yelled. So we headed back for the
One thing bothered us. We’d seen
lots of union leaders who talked
like actors. But here was an actor
who talked like a business agent.
Like a good one, too.
New SUP Hall Opens
In San Francisco
San Francisco (LPA)—When the
Sailors Union of the Pacific was
founded in 1885, the first meeting
was held dfr Folsom Street wharf.
It’s a long time since SUP mem
bers have had to meet on a wharf
and from now on jn this port
they’ll be meeting in what they be
lieve is the finest union hall in the
The SUP opened a new million
dollar building June 16. Under
construction for several years, the
building contains an auditorium
seating close to 2500 with kitchen
and dressing rooms 16 outside,
single and connecting offices on
the mezzanine, all available for
rental officers for the seamen’s
union on the main floor, along
floor along with the Andrew Furu
seth School of Seamanship. The
SUP is now the west coast district
of the Seafarers Internationa!
Union AFL.
a library and a dispatching
a restaurant and bar, bag
room, shower room, locker
and gymnasium on the lower
Demand the Union Label.
«f u U., -U’ -j* 4, i
the Triangle fire, who still talk
“dressmakers’ English” that the
movie’s actors make so richly ex
pressive, like this film. Some of
them aren’t too pleased at the way
the Communist attempts to take
over the union in the *20s—which
nearly sapped the union’s strength
—are handled in the film. But
they’re tickled at the inclusion in
the splendid musical score of the
ditty of unknown authorship that
the Commies sang in the shops
“The cloakmakers’ union, is a no
good union, is a company union by
the boss.” (Sad to relate, the
The House probers wanted to
know how the NEC conducts its
lobbying activities, and its techni
ques of raising money. Chairman
Frank Buchanan (D, Pa.) made it
clear that neither Hart nor the
NEC was on trial, and the GOP
members of the committee wrang
led about riot discussing “ideolog
ies”, but it was Hart himself who
went into “ideology”, and at
A letter was read from a min
ister refusing to contribute on the
ground the NEC was reactionary
and fascist in character. So Hart
defined the term. He said there
were two meanings one was that
of a “strong central government”,
which Hart says the NEC opposes.
The other use of the term, he said,
is as an epithet, “pure and simple”,
and is used against groups like
NEC by “mommunists and their
friends.” (Hart is a great admirer
of Franco Spain, a “strong" gov
NEC solicitation letters went to
colleges, libraries, and churches.
Asked Buchanan: “Did you send
any letters to synagogues?”
Hart hesitated, and then replied
slowly, “I don’t recall .sending
any.” (The previous day Hart had
explained the NEC was not against
Zionism, but just “militant Zion
Hart denied there was any dose
link between his NEC and the Com
mittee for Constitutional Govern
ment, regarded by most observers
as the king-pin anti-labor anti
Fair deal lobby in the nation.
Nevertheless, their programs, their
stand jon public issues, and their
financial sources are similar.
Hart made a nice distinction be
tween “political action” and legis
lative action, and noted NEC took
no part in elections. Lobbying, he
said, was legislative action so
was trying to influence members
of Congress directly, or indirectly
so was. furnishing assistance to
people to write letters to the news
papers so was importing and fin
ancing a Cecil Palmer from Eng
land to-speak at a dinner for mem
bers of Congress on the
socialism so
Successful Picture of
Washington (LPA)—A wisp of$»-------------------------------------
small groups in congressional dis
tricts to see that their congress
man “votes right”.
a man, with prim mouth arid purs
ed lips, a man who could be mis
taken easily for a clerk, calmly
told a House lobby investigating
committee June 21 that:
None of the great leaders of this
country used the term democracy
much before 1935 that the increas
ing use of the term in this country
dates from the Communist meeting
in 1935 in Moscow that those
who speak of democracy want to
convert “our Republic. from a
representative form of government
into a mobocracy, governed even
tually by a dictator” that federal
aid to education, and social secur
ity, are “socialistic” that the pre
sent Supreme Court is “dedicated
to Socialism,” should be abolished
and replaced.
The little man was Merwin K.
Hart, president of the National
Economic Council, which over the
years has been able to persuade
giant corporations and some of our
richest men, to finance their lob
bying and “educational” work for
“Americanism.” Thus, Irenee du
Pont, of the fabulous duPont dyn
asty, gave the NEC $11,000 in
1948. Other big gifts came from
people like Joseph R. Grundy, head
of -he Pennsylvania Manufactur
ers’ Association, and for 30 years
the very voice of standpat Repub
licanism in the nation.
evils of
to form
were letters
HOW MUCH—for the sewing job on a new style is, thanks to the
Int’l Ladies Garment Workers Union, a matter for bargaining between
the union engineer and the boss’ engineer, shown in a scene from the
ILGWU movie, “With These Hands."
movie’s star, Sam Levene who
played in Crossfire, The Babe
Ruth Story and, other hits, turned
out to be tone-deaf, so it’s not
rendered with operatic skill!)
In 40 minutes, it’s a miracle that
director Jack Arnold has managed
to pack in so much of the union’s
life—the old days when an opera
tor trudged the streets of the East
Side of New York, sewing mach
ine on his shoulder, looking for
work. the blood curdling cough
of the consumptive worker the
Triangle fire, and the 1911 gener
al strike. the Hillquit election
But when it came to a letter to
a Rhode Island man about a coali
tion of northern Republicans and
southern Democrats, Hart put on
another disguise. The fact that he
heads NEC, he said, does not mean
that he gives up his private rights
as a citizen. Any such correspond
ence, he said, is nrt written on
NEC stationary, and goes in his
personal files.
Letters put in the ft'COrd show
ed that the NEC used the “scare
technique" to raise money. One, I
for “Operation Snowball”, and ad
dressed to “Dear American”,
“your family
danger. Even
and home are in
youf life may be
pointed out that
Letters also
since contributions were for “edu
cational” purposes, they were de
ductible for income tax purposes.
The method is to get a contributor
to give a sum for the NEC publica
tions, which would be sent to
churches, colleges and libraries.
Thus the gift was for publications.
Then, arbitrarily, that sum was
earmarked' as having paid for a
certain number of publications to
the Azusa, Neb., library of a Che
boygan, Mich., college.
The effect, of course, is that
Uncle Sam—meaning you and I—
loses that tax revenue, and is in
directly subsidizing the “Ameri
canism" message of the NEC. And
to NEC Americanism, Hart said,
Opposition to: federal Mid to
education displaced persons legis
lation further immigration pub
lic housing middle income hous
ing US participation in UN, ITO,
IL0 ratification of the geqocide
convention FEPC anti-lynching
bill and other civil rights mea
sures rent control Marshall Plan
US support for an independent
Israel social security farm price
support Point 4 program Reci
procal Trade Agreements act
TV A Atomic Energy Act World
Federation resolution communism
world government UN bi-part
isan foreign policy “militant”
Zionism anti trust suits against
A&P and duPont.
To NEC Americanism means:
Favoring additional restrictions on
labor unions removal of present!
Supreme Court and barring its
members from holding judicial of
fice limiting the government’s1
taxing power through Constitution
al amendment a ceiling on income
tax levies aid to Spain withdraw
al of federal claims to tidelands
oil in favor of the states taxing
of the cooperatives.
New York (LPA)—Emil Rieve.
president of the Textile Workers
has filed a brief with the Commit
tee for Reciprocity Information,
opposing any further tariff cuts on
textile products. Citing the high
unemployment in the industry dur
ing a period of general prosperity,
Rieve said lower tariffs would
cause further distress “without
providing a substantial perman
ent market for foreign textiles in
this country.”
Rieve pointed out that the work
ers are now “suffering under the
double impact of a high rate of
technological change and intense
competition among different fib
ers, processes and products.”
But to understand why the tech
nicians have been able to capture
so much of the spirit of the union
in such a brief space, you’ve got to
Garment Union
Jt i
LIMKED DOORS—to keep the union organizers out, shocked the
world when 154 girl dressmakers were burned to death in the 1911 Tri
angle company fire in New York City. Re-enactment of the fire is a
scene from the ILGWU movie, “With These Hands."
campaign. the eloquent call of
Franklin D. Roosevelt that “The
only thingy we have to fear is fear
itself.” the union’s engineering
department activities (one of the
funniest scenes in the movie shows
collective bargaining over rates for
a new style) the Unity House
vacation center (starring ILG Pre
sident Dubinsky’s granddaughter)
the retirement program for the
old timers.
Meanwhile,* the Senate
crats, led by Sen. Richard
of Georgia, were twice rebuffed in
an effort to impose racial segre
gation on the armed forces. On
June 21, a Russell amendment
authorizing inductees and enlistees
to signify that they wanted to
serve in units of their own race
was defeated, 42 to 29. This amend
ment had been given “proforma”
approval by the Armed Service
Committee, several of whose mem
bers voted against it on the floor.
On June 22, Russt tried again.
He offered an amendment whereby
all men inducted or enlisted under
the new law would be asked dur
ing the first six months of service:
“Do you desire to serve with a
unit composed only of persons of
your own race.” After six month
of quizzing, results would be tabu
lated. If a majority of men from
36 states answered affirmatively,
the right of choice would be ex
tended to such individuals. Any
commissioned officer denying the
right would be tried for conduct]
unbefitting an officer and a gentle
man. If convicted the officer would
be dismissed from the service. The
amendment was defeated, 45 to 27.
After Russell offered his second
amendment, Sen. Hubert Hump
hrey (D, Minn.) proposed an anti
lynching amendment, to protect
members of the armed forces from
“self-appointed vigilantes.” The
Humphrey amendment was also de
IUE Convention Set For
Milwaukee September 11
Washington (LPA)—The Int’l
Union of Electrical, Radio & Ma
chine Workers will open its first
annual convention in Milwaukee
Sept. 11. The IUE is operating
under an administrative director,
Secretary-Treasurer James B.
Carey. It will elect a president at
the Milwaukee Convention. Carey,
one of the founders of the original
electrical workers union, LTE,
which was later taken over by the
Communists, is expected to run for
thq office along with at least one
other candidate. The IUE was
chartered at the CIO convention
last summer, after the United
Electrical Workers had been ex
The IUE Administrative Com
mittee, meeting in Washington'last
weekend, named William Drohan
director for District 9, covering
Indiana, and created a new Com
mittee seat to which it named
ton Wiehrauch, Director of
trict 4, covering New Jersey
New York.
realize that the script was written
by Morton Wishengrad, who was
one of the youngsters who organiz
ed the garment cerVr’s -hipping
clerks during the dcprestiun, and
who later worked for several ILG
locals in New York as educational
director before becoming aut’' of
such radio scripts as “Coi.....un
ism-USA” and “The Eternal
Light.” And when the movie was
cast, the two leading roles went to
Sam Levene—who once worked as
a cutter—and to Joseph Wiseman,
who turned out to be the son of
ILG members in New Haven, Conn.
Senate OK's Extension Of
Race Clause
Draft, Rejects
Washington (LPA)—To keep the
present draft law from expiring
the night of June 23, the Senate
on June 22 passed an emergency
15-day extension which the House
speedily approved. Then the Sen
ate approved a measure continuing
the draft three years. This version
must go to conference with spokes
men for tj)e House, since the lower
body already had adopted a bill
continuing the conscription law
only two years.
There were other differences.
The House bill authorizes actual
inductions only after Congress by
concurrent resolution declares a
national emergency. The Senate
bill has a somewhat similar provis
ion but also authorizes the Pres
ident to order inductions in
ergency if Congress is not
an em
in ses-
Incidents Pile Up
At Enka On Eve
Of Senate Probe
Washington (LPA)—As a Sen
ate subcommittee prepared to
leave for Morristown, Tenu. to
conduct an investigation of events
surrounding the Enka strike, inci
dents continued to pile up at the
The headquarters of Textile
Workers Union of America, a tent
near the textile mill, was stolen.
Union leaders charged state troop
ers chased away the pickets and
walked off with the tent, the chairs
and all the other equipment. Pat
rolmen beat up five Negroes in a
cafe. Only one was a striker.
A scattering of tacks on the
highway was used as an excuse to
call 100 more National Guardsmen
to the area.
Gov. Gordon Browning bitterly
attacked the decision of the Sen
ate Subcommittee on Labor-Man
agement Relations to conduct the
investigation at the scene. “There
are still states in the union,’ said
Browning. “I think the people in
Washington might assume we know
what our duties are done here. I
will not be intimidated on doing
my duty and I will be the judge of
what is my duty when I know the
facts.” The investigation was voted
by the Senate group June 13 over
the loud objections of Senators
Taft and Donnell.
TWUA Washington Representa
tive John Edelman wrote to Sen
ator James Murray (D, Mont.) ex
plaining the union’s request for the
investigation was not based solely
on the strike.
Edelman declared, the commit
tee will find “a dramatization of
the now clearly revealed pattern
of violent, opposition to labor
unionism which has spread
throughout the Southern states as
a direct result of the passage of I
the Taft-Hartley act.”
The so-called “violence” which
the newspapers are playing up,
Edelman charged, may very well
be a frame-up to discredit strik
ers. He cited an incident June 10
when an unidentified person phoned
the union headquarters. “We were
told that one of our strikers had
been killed at a point several miles
from town. A small committee was
sent to investigate. Just a few
minutes before we reached the
point there was a loud dynamite
explosion. Whether the purpose
was to actually injure our strik
ers- or merely to ‘frame’ them for
a breach of the peace, .we cannot
Edelman said TWUA was block
ed from buying radio time on the
local station. He pointed out too
that Enka was
ago a part of
“The curious
maintained, “between the foreign
bread of management policy and
the type of present-day native
Southern anti-labor managements
is so striking as to be well worth
the attention of any group having
to do with the problem of labor re
lations in the United States.”
only a few years
a Nazi-dominated
resemblance,” he
Buy Union-Made goods
others as you would have
pay Union wages unto you!
Before you condemn minority
pleadings, just *think bow you
would fejl if you weren’t wanted
—not after having had a chance
to prove your worth, but before
and regardless!
Remember that America was
founded hy men and women who
w t-»
annoyed to action restric
tions—on jobs, in lanUo where
trades descended from father to
son on religion, where no man
cc 1’d hold office v. did not ad
h_ to cited of State on
speech, where the ret police
dogged the steps of those who
thought for themselves—and so on.
All of us who are “native bom” are
descended from thc__ who objected
to restrictions.
Can we, therefore, be anything
but patient and understanding of,
thooe who are trying to achieve
wnat we have been bom to—equal
treatment as equals, the rights of
bring judged as individuals, not
labelled as a minority and held
outside the comuon life?
These minorities want to belong.
They want the same rights we
possess—the right'to work and be
useful, the right to economic sec
urity, the right to freed' in from
want for their families, and, most
important of all, the right to par
ticipate on equal terms in our com
mon life. Perhaps these minorit.es
don’t all think as we do, nor act as
we would act—but have we given
them the opportunity to learn our
way*of thought, our way of life?
There is no such thing as equal
ity of possession—but there must
be equality of opportunity. We
can provide the euuoation, tradi
tion and background to give every
one a chance if he has what it
takes. As the stronger it is up to
us—bu* we must do it by urder
standu.g and friendliness—i.ut by
restrictions or discrimination.
Comment On
World Events
The new International Confeder
ation of Free Trade Unions, though
only 6 months old, has already
fully justified its organization and
it is predicted will soon become
the predorr ant force for freedom
and democracy in the world labor
movement. It has already begun to
take the initiative from the Com
munist-dominated World Federa
tion of Trade Unions, which has
had 5 years in which to build up
its strength and intrench itself.
Illustrative of the way the new
body is meeting world problems
was the recent decision of its ex
ecutive board to send a committee
at once to the Far East, to spread
the message of free trade unionism
in the nations of the Far East and
Southeast Asia, now threatened by
aggressive communism. Gordon W.
Chapman, secretary-treasurer of
the American Federation of State,
County and Municipal Employes is
a member of the mission.
In another important move, the
ICFTU board decided to take over
the work of the Economic Cooper
ation Administration’s trade union
advisory committee, comprising
trade union representatives from
A lot of thoughtless people are
asking today “Why all this clamor
for rights? Don’t minority groups
know when they are well off!”
But—have you noticed how many
of the people who say that, are
those who have never met with
discrimination They have never
moved outside of their 'own parti
cular orbit, but the barrier that has
kept them back has not been that
of “restriction" or "discrimina
tion." Instead it has been lack of
money, or desire, that restrained
them. As individuals they knew
they were accepta/ anywhere.
all the Marshall Plan countries. In?
line with its spreading activities,^
the confederation will open a New?
York office to handle its relations*
wjth the United Nations. An office
will also be opened in Geneva to?
aid in doser relations with the In-,’
ternational Labor Organization. -J.
A sound argument for giving or*,
ganized labor a direct voice in the1
administration of United States
government domestic and foreign
activities is made by the American
Federation of Labor in its official
magazine, the American Federa
tionist. An editorial by William
Green says:
“There should be proportionate
representation for organized work
era in the executive branch of the*
governmrrt in Washington and inA
our dipifi ..utic delegations to other
countri'-s, as well as in our rep re-4
sentation in United Nations agen-’
ck-s. The problems and interests
wage earner" today are worldwide.j
In w of tri'- fact that organized*
labor has gained a position of great!
influence in all industrial countries,?
it is indispensable that our gov-i
ernment have the benefit of the?
experience and knowledge of rep-
resentatives of wage earners in ad-'
’’listrative and diplomatic posi-‘
Emphasizing the support which
Samuel Gompers gave to genuine?
international labor solidarity,
Matthew Woll said:
“Gompers realized that the labor
movement of no single country
could remain free and stay pros*
pervn^ long if the working people
of „u.er lands were not free and
were 8ubj \ed to low standards of
life and labor. That is why he pion
eered in the formation of the Inter
national Labor Organization and
laid special stress on raising the
standards and improving the con
ditions of the toiling folk in
under-developed countries.”
Lauds Union Aides In Battle
Vet© Of Basing Point Bill
Washington (LPA) Speaking
on the floor of the house June 19,
Rep. Wright Patman (D, Tex.)
paid high tribute to union officials
who worked successfully with
farm, cooperative and small busi
ness groups for a veto of the bas
ing point price bill. I
George Nelson, who represent©?!
the International Association of ..
Machinists, and Donald Montgo
mery', for the CIO “gave generous
ly of their time and talents” in the
fight, Patman told the Congress
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Phone 914
for happier

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