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TOnsax*-' fi I .« is 1 I i .'WV if ‘i Emphasizing the vital import ance of giving the citizens the facts of present needs, the AFL chief haid: “We need the facts in order that we can best help our cause. We Meed to know the gravity of pre sent need so that we can help to )get action. If war is localized now ,we know it is only a question of time until the inevitable happens. Only adequate preparedness can safeguard us. As we move toward ^preparedness we urge our govern* ment to provide adequate means to get the truth to all nations and keep them constantly informed. All groups of citizens can help if given ■opportunity.” Should Make Stand Plain In conclusion, Green declared: “Above all we should make plain our preparedness Is to protect ’freedom and provide opportunity for freedom for all peoples. We Bi YOU CAN SEE THE CREAM ALWAYS USE CREAM TOP Milk Bottles THEY ARE SANITARY Used Exclusively By Golden Star Phone 3200 Dawson “SO MUCH 215 Wwt Fifth Street Mobolize Labor In Crisis, Green Asks Unions Ready, Willing To Cooperate, AFL Chief Says The world situation calls for ‘^all-out” preparedness,” with mobil I ization of labor, AFL President WBliam'Green declared in an American Federationist editorial outlining labor’s policies in the world crisis. The editorial was released in advance of publication because of its time liness. Decision of the United Nations on international policy “has cut through the fog of uncertainty and made our duty obvious,” Green said. When President Truman took leadership in the Korean crisis, he “serv ed notice that much as we value peace we value more the principles that underlie our way of life,” the AFL head said. “The uncertainty is ended, the*?'--- choice is made, and we know what lies ahead,” he continued. “We know that the leaders in the Krem lin and their agents and machinery represent the most reactionary des potism the world has ever known ■—men who deny the existence of God and disregard all moral prin ciples, seize upon the power of ad vanced technology to serve their ’barbarian purpose—to force free people to live in subjugation to peoples who have never known I freedom.” U. & Not Ready Militarily IGreen said that the United States fwai hot ready militarily for the duty ahead. While Russia pressed 1 its armament program we “stop 4 ped war plans and preparedness with the peace and now find our selves facing a situation with the implications of a third world war.” “To all-out strategy for work I 'peace, we must add all-out prepar Jedness for any eventuality,” Green continued. “We cannot send our soldiers to the fighting front with }out training equipment and regu Jar supplies. We must provide quick transportation which will in crease mobility. “Above all else we must put back tof this supreme effort unity of pur pose and the constructive coopera tion of every group of citizens. -'For preparedness for front-line ^service and for the safety of our civilian population at home and at 'work, every able-bodied citizen -must find his responsibility and make good. There will be no side lines secure from bombing. “There must be mobilization of labor. Our unions are ready and competent to cooperate in that responsibility as free citizens should." neither seek nor want more ter ritory or responsibility for other people's government. But we do not want subject people to be deluded into thinking communism brings freedom when we know it results in complete slavery of the indi vidual—body and soul. The flood of propaganda which has been re leased to misrepresent the action of the United Nations and to dis guise the Kremlin as an advocate of world peace, shows how clearly the reactionaries controlling the communist empire realize the value of public opinion. “As the President had no alter native but to stand by our com mitment, so our principles of life preclude our yielding to aggres sion.” Probe By Union Brings Results Flint, Mich. (LPA)—The probe organized labor made about the shocking living and working condi tions of a group of Puerto Rican field workers near here has paid off. The men were living in filthy shacks with practically no facil ities. Now the shacks are lined with wall boards, there are new beds, additional cooking utensils and plans for inside water facilities. The change came after United Auto Workers, sent out its secre tary, Auburn Lewis, and Marshall Boor, editor of the Flint Labor Re view, State Chase what Labor by the national AFL newscast. ITNTON HEAD WINS OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP Milwaukee, Wis. (LPA)—War ren J. Gritzmacher, president of ijocal 322, United Automobile Workera-AFL, has won a one-year labor scholarship for study abroad. He is one of three chosen on a countrywide basis by the U. S. State Department. The scholarship is awarded under the Fulbright Act and covers all expenses, includ ing tiavel, maintenance and tuition. Gritzmacher has been president of the UAW-AFL local for a year and a half, prior to which he was shop steward. He will study at Ox ford. ACTUAL chargee ior 500 consecu tive funerals conducted by the DAWSON Funeral Home are as iollowsl 10% Were 9% Were 50% Were 31% Were Funeral Home for bo little" Phone Main 10 S’-----■----------- to inspect the field camp. Representative Robert J. went along. An account of they saw appeared in the Review and was picked up The group took a second look last week. They found conditions better but discovered the workers still ‘didn’t know how much money they’ve got coming. So far, their employer, the Michigan Field Crops Inc., has given them $32 each—$25 for food and $10 to send home to Puerto Rico. Representative Chase has promised to press for an early accounting. The union will continue to check on the living conditions of other groups of migratory laborers in this area. A commission appointed by Prra ident Truman is investigating mig ratory labor conditions, recently held a two-day hearing in Wash ington and will conduct on-the spot surveys at field camps throughout the country. ______ _____ ,.,.1^.. I a US Chamber For Freezing Wages, Prices, Profits Washington (LPA) The US Chamber of Commerce is for freez ing salaries, wages, prices and pro fits if the nation is plunged into war because of the Korean crisis. (Profits were enormous in 1948 and 1949, and are running at the same or greater rate today.) Any immediate controls should be on a voluntary basis, said Otto A. Seyferth, Chamber president. If controls later should be needed "they should be imposed reluct antly, to be quickly abandoned when they have served their pur pose.” The crisis, said Seyferth, makes it imperative that Congress quick ly determine “the need for more appropriations, more manpower, and more domestic controls.” There was no mention of the need for higher taxes in the long statement. Industry leaders generally plum ped for voluntary controls, and took a dim view of the proposal of Sen. Joseph C. O’Mahoney (D, Wyo.) for an excess profits tax. O’Mahoney is chairman of the Joint Committee on the Economic Report. “There is no member of Congress who does not remember how impossible it is to roll back prices after they have risen”, he said, speaking of inflation. “If we temporize, inflation will make the job increasingly difficult.” OBITUARIES CLYDE A. McKEONE Clyde A. McKeone, 221 West Fourth Street, died July 21 in Rocky Glenn Sanatorium at Mc Connellsville, following several months’ illness. He was 52. Mr. McKeone was born in East Liverpool, a son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas McKeone. He was a World War II veteran and was employed last as a shipping clerk for the Potters Supply Co. He was a mem ber of Local Union 163, National Brotherhood of Operative Potters. He leaves two sisters, Mrs. Charles Coleman and Mrs. John V. Hagan, both of East Liverpool. Services were conducted by Rev. Harry W. Glapsy, pastor of the Pleasant Heights United Brethren Church. MRS. BELLE BUTLER Mrs. Belle Butler, 70, of Water loo Street, died July 21 in the home of her daughter Mrs. Mary E. Earley, in Mingo Junction, follow ing a three-year illness. Mrs. Butler was bom in Lisbon and lived here until about a year ago. She was a kilndrawer at the for of of Taylor, Smith & Taylor Co. several years and a member Local 94, National Brotherhood Operative Potters. She leaves three sons, John Butler and George A. Butler Steubenville, and Thomas C. Butler of Newell three brothers, Alex Easton of Canton, and George Eas ton and Walter Easton of Lisbon a sister, Mrs. Jennie Connor of Youngstown, and nine grandchild ren. FRED H. MILLWARD Fred H. Millward, 315 First Street, Wellsville, died July 22 in East Liverpool City Hospital. Mr. Millward was born in Eng land, a son of Mr. and Mrs. George Millward. He was brought to East Liverpool by his parents when a child. A handler, he was employed in potteries in East Liverpool and Wellsville. He was employed last at the Wellsville China Co. Mr. Millward was a member of Local Union 24, National Brother hood of Operative Potters, Wells ville Eagles Lodge and the Imma culate Conception Catholic Church. He leaves his widow, Mrs. Min nie Wells Millward a son, Stephen Millward of East Liverpool a daughter, Mrs. Earl R. Brokaw of Arnold, Ha. a step-son William Curnan of Los Angeles a step daughter, Mrs. Maxine Hardy of Wellsville a brother, Albert Mill ward of East Liverpool two sis ters, Mrs. Ben Smith of East Liv erpool, and Mrs. Joseph Rigby of East Palestine, and several grand children. MRS. BRADY BROWN Ruth Audrey Brown, 88, Brady Brown, died July 25 home on Snow Hill, near following an eight-month Mrs. wife of in her Newell, illhess. Under $150 Under $300 Under $500 Mrs. Over $500 Brown was born in Han cock county, where she spent her lifetime. She was employed in the dipping shed of the Edwin M. Knowles China Co. at Newell. She was a member of Local Union 94, National Brotherhood of Operative Potters and the Congo Church of the Nazarene. She leaves three sons, Harold Brown, Curtis Brown and Wayne Brown, at home her father, Frank Cordray Cordray Newell. two brothers, Earl Glen Cordray, all of and and READY FOR Marking the mid-century mile stone of labor in this country, Ewan Clague, Commissioner of Labor Statistics, points out that the next half-century will be governed by international problems” more serious than ever before.” That labor will play a big role in deter mining the outcome of these con flicts there is no doubt. “World War II,” Fortune labor editor Daniel Bell writes, “finally gave labor a defined role in Amer ican society, and the trade-union leadership a more than token place in the establishment of war policy and the execution of orders. The degree to which that recognition went beyond the assignments given labor in World War I is a signific ant measure of its new status.” c. of How far the Government can go in providing security without threatening the independence of I workers is discussed by Social Se curity Commissioner Arthur J. Altmeyer in “The Worker’s Quest for Security.” Collective bargaining, the most significant contribution of Amer ican labor, has been accepted as a "permanent fact of American econ-J omic life,” points out George Brooks, research and education director for the AFL Pulp, Sul phite & Paper Mill Workers, in his study of workers’ organizations. Recent developments on the poli tical scene are discussed by Dan Bell. “Labor’s full-scale entry in politics,” he found, “has marked a subtle change in the operations of trade-unionism. In various cities, the AFL and CIO have banded to gether behind a pro-labor man and have, in varying measure, become allied with local political bosses or have become competitors for con trol of party machinery.’’ A reappraisal of some of the most influential literature on labor during the past 50 years is offered in a special section by ten book re viewers. The Monthly Labor Review is the oldest periodical in the Govern ment, celebrating its 85th birth day with this special issue. Labor Secretary Maurice Tobin’ declared in the preface that the Review has “earned an enviable record for ac curacy and objectivity which has auth rela- made it a veritable symbol of ority in the fields of labor tions and labor economics/' Ji -i. THE POTTERS HERALD, EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO TROUBLE—These tanks, stockpiled at the giant in Texarkana, Texas, will go into the service of Red River arsenal i.. —, democracy in outposts around the world. Labor chiefs are holding a series of meetings with National Security Resources Board Chairman Stuart Symington to work out production programs to keep them com ing. Business leaders are holding similar meetings with the NSRB chief. 1900-1950 PROGRESS OF LABOR NOTED IN BUREAU SURVEY Washington (LPA) American labor’s outstanding progress during the past 50 years is the subject of a special anniversary edition of Labor’s Monthly Survey, official publication of the US Labor De partment’s Bureau of Labor Stat istics. The growth and power of Ameri can industry shaped American labor, causing both its triumphs and its troubles, the survey articles show. Labor had a difficult time in the courts early in the century, a reflection tudes. of the employers’ atti- American labor's milit was agreed, the labor Despite ancy, it movement in this country (unlike the rest of the world )has no re volutionary goals and has secured a place for itself within capitalist society. An editorial by Lawrence R. Klein, editor of the Review, sum marized these ideas from the 200 page issue. Another conclusion that could be made, Klein said, is that “for labor, the 20th was indeed the Gompers century.” Gompers, guiding light in the growth of the AFL, fought early Socialists who wanted to make labor a political party. He saw unions primarily as economic or ganizations fighting to improve pay and working conditions. -wv NLRB Slaps Down Employer Trying Union Busting Midland, Calif. (LPA)—The US Gypsum Co. here tried a new gim mick to throw out the union, but the National Labor Relations Board said “no.” Management refused to bargain, on, the excuse that it doubted the unlpn still represented a majority of the employes. There was no move for decertification by em ployes. Although the firm was told it could file an employer petition, it never did so. The NLRB said thgt was not bargaining in good faith, Tpo union is' Local 63, AFL Cement, Lime & Gypsum Workers. There was a contract between 1937 and 1943. In 1945 the War Labor Boftfd certified the union as bar gaining agent, after a consent elec tion, In February 1948 the union gave notice, under the contract, of a desire to negotiate a new agree ment. The company refused, say ing the union would have to qualify again, under NLRB proceedings, as I the bargaining agent. A month later the union won a union-secur-j ity election. The company said it still had reason to doubt the union had® majority. So the union wentl to the NLRB. Said the Board: “Once employes have designated their bargaining ‘representative, in accordance with the Act, recognition is not a matt er which an employer may or may not grant when and as he chooses.” PENNA. AFL OK’s DEMOCRATIC SLATE Harrisburg, Pa. (LPA) The Pennsylvania Federation of Labor has endorsed Democrats Sen. Fran cis J. Myers for re-election and Richardson Dilworth for governor. The only Republicans endorsed were two from Allegheny county (Pittsburgh). The executive council prepared labpr planks for presentation in the 1950 party platforms. These includ ed* .a rent control act issuance of labor injunctions by juries only revision of tax structure no sales tax upward revision of unemploy ment compensation and require ments, workmen’s compensation, occupational disease benefits re storation of relief grant cuts civil seryice for all state employes pre vailing wage rates on state print ing $1 minimum wage law equal pay for women repeal of compul sory arbitration in utilities and government departments. JI I FAILED MEDICAL EXAM, GETS JOBLESS PAY Trenton, N. J. (LPA)—A work er who fails to pass an employer’s medical examination is still en titled to unemployment compensa tion if he can perform other work. So the Employment Security Board of Review has ruled in the case of a Jersey City factory worker. Cor onary thrombosis disabled him in 194$: Five months later doctors said he could do light work. His last boss had no such work, and he tried elsewhere, but failed to past medical exams. The Board held the law did not impose as a test of ability to work that the claimant must pass medical exams required by prospective employers. Ask for Union Labeled merchan dise. Pres. Truman Outlines Preparedness Program In Nation-Wide Radio Address Washington (LPA President Truman told Congress and the na tion on July 19 what steps he con siders necessary to meet the pre sent world crisis. He made specific recommendations in a message to Congress, and then told the people about the situation in a nation-wide radio address that evening. Truman called for: Unlimited military forces, $10 billions more at once for military and related purposes, increased taxes, estab lishment of priorities, control of credit, and guards against infla tion and profiteering. He added the warning that “if a sharp rise in prices should make it necessary, I shall not hesitate to recommend the more drastic measures of price control and rationing.” He expressed confidence that if the measures he wanted, “are made available promptly, and firmly ad ministered, I believe we will be able to meet military needs without serious disruption of the economy.” (Senators Maybank and Tydings and Representatives Spence and Vinson introduced emergency econ omic and military bills shortly after the message was delivered.) Truman warned that “economic measures must be planned and used to develop and maintain our economic strength for the long run as well as the short run.” We must recognize, he said, that for a num ber of years it will be necessary to support continuing defense expend itures, including aid to other na tions, “at a higher level than we had previously planned.” This nation must, he said, in crease its military strength and preparedness not only to deal with aggression in Korea but to increase “our common defense, with other free nations, against further ag gression.” “In all that we do,” said the Pre sident, “we must make sure that the economic strength which is at the base of our security is not im paired, but continues to grow.” Noting that present total output is at the rate of $270 billions a year, he said “the potential productive power of our economy is even greater,” and that “with this enor mous economic strength, the new and necessary programs I am re commending can be undertaken with confidence” but he warned I the programs “will require sub stantial redirection of economic resources.” With military and related pro curement to be expanded at a more rapid rate than total production can ba expanded, and with some short ages present now, and with prices rising, “these, increased pressures, if neglected, could drive us into a general inflationary situation,” he warned. He added that the na tion must insure that meeting in creased national defense needs does not bring on inflation. Therefore he recommended that Congress enact legislation to estab lish priorities and allocate mater ials limit use of materials for non essential purposes prevent invent ory hoarding requisition supplies and materials needed for national defense. Since sharply increased expendi tures will result, “we should in crease federal revenues more sharply than I have previously re commended,” said Truman, “in order to reduce the inflationary ef fect of the government deficit.” Every effort must be made, he continued, “to finance the greatest possible amount of needed expend itures by taxation. The increase in taxes is our basic weapon in off setting the inflationary pressures exerted by enlarged government expenditures. Heavier taxes will SB CERAMIC THIS IS FATHER He gets the bills I... SUNDAY I J? && flu k J» ,4 •ij? make general controls less necess ary.” He called for “a balanceci system of taxation” which would distribute the tax burden fairly, and whose aim should be “the elimination of profiteering.” He promised to pre sent such a program “as soon as necessary studies are completed.” Meanwhile he calk'd on Con gress, as further safeguards against inflation, to authorize con trol of consumer credit and credit used for speculation in commod ities. (The day before the President had acted to curb the building boom and head off rising prices by im posing credit restraints on hous ing, limiting new public housing, and ordering other action to make materials available for the armed forces.) To accelerate and increase pro duction, Truman recommended that Congress authorize production loan guarantees and loans long-term contracts and other means to en courage output of goods in short supply. He promised to discuss these measures in greater detail in his forthcoming midyear economic report. Truman began by reviewing the events in Korea. He called the at tack on South Korea “naked, de liberate, unprovoked aggression, without a shadow of justification,” and “a real and present danger to the security of every nation.” The! attack, he said, was “a clear chal lenge to the basic principles of the United Nations charter.” He reviewed the steps taken by the US, and said they were made “as a matter of basic moral prin ciple.” The attack, he went on, “makes it plain beyond all doubt that the international communist movement is prepared to use arm ed intervention to conquer inde pendent nations. We must therefore recognize the possibility that arm ed aggression may take place in other areas.” Since “it is now clear that the free nations of the world must step up their common security pro gram,” he went on, “further assist ance on our part will be required. As soon as it is possible to deter mine what each nation will need to do,” Truman said, he will ask Congress “for such funds as are shown to be necessary to the at tainment and maintenance of our common strength at an adequate level.” “The free world has made it clear,” he said, “through the Un ited Nations, that lawless aggress ion will be met with force. This is the significance of Korea—and it is a significance whose importance cannot be over-estimated.” Of Formosa he said the United States “has no territorial ambi tions,” wants no special privilege or position, and that “the present military neutralization is without prejudice to political questions af fecting that island.” Its future must be settled by peaceful means under the UN charter, he said. RED CROSS SYMBOL AND SPAGHETTI PART COMPANY Chicago (LPA)—The John B. Canepa Co. here, which puts out Red Cross spaghetti and Red Cross bacaroni, has depicted the Greek Red Cross in its advertisements. The Federal Trade Commission thought that might “create in the minds of the purchasing public, contrary to fact, that the products have some connection with the Am erican Red Cross.” So the com pany, after FTC prodding, has agreed “to discontinue the unqual ified use of the Red Cross name and symbol.” M-G-M announces the happiest event of the season! All the fun and farce and heart warming moments from the Honorable Intentions up to the Wedding March! JOAN SPENCER DON TAYLOR BILLIE BURKE Screen Ploy by Francm Goodrich and Albert Hockett Bated on the Novel by tdward Streeter Mreded by VINCENTI M1NNELU Pretend by PANDRO $. I«MAN MOMENTS IN MUSIC—Musical SAFETY SECOND—Cartoon NEWS Of the DAY Thursday, July 27, 1950 FTC Asked To Help Eliminate Racket Papers Newark, N. J. (LPA)—The Fed eral Trade Commission has been asked to help eliminate “racket” labor papers. The plea came from the International Labor Press of America-AFL, which has been fighting the racket sheets for years. The ILPA appeal followed recent FTC action against a paper pub lished in Philadelphia, on the ground that its publisher was mis representing the true nature of his publication, and thereby defraud ing the public. Lewis M. Herrmann, secretary treasurer of ILPA, in a letter to James Mead, FTC chairman, point ed out that a number of such racket sheets operate in various parts of the country, “fleecing the public and particularly, employers friend ly to labor, of hundreds of thous ands of dollars annually, by posing as editorial spokesman of organ ized labor.” They use the telephone to solicit business, so as not to run a foul of the postal lawfc, said Herrmann, charging that one such New York publication spends $100,000 a year on phone calls throughout^ $he country. $ Herrmann noted that ILPA is “composed of several hundred labor publications of international unions and local monthly and weekly papers in the United States and Canada.” US Ambassador Addresses Women Trade Unionists Roskilde, Denmark (LPA)— Trade unions have made possible America’s high living standards, Mrs. Eugenie Anderson, U. S. Am bassador to Denmark told 114 wo men from Finland, Sweden, Nor way and Denmark meeting at the Workers Folk School here. Ameri can women are in politics, she told them, because “we believe that only where people have a right to speak, think and organize freely, is there a chance to, preserve what we have won.” Demand the Union Label. We help many families save money safely, and 1 we can help your ramil) do it also or voum First Federal Savings & Loan Association 1032 Pennsylvania Ave. 7 st for ELIZABETH RACY BENNETT TAYLOR THIS IS THE BRID She gets the thrills COOL and COMFORTABLE w 1.