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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, August 03, 1950, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78000533/1950-08-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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Washington (LPA) Want to
contribute $25,000 to the Commit
tee for Constitutional Government,
top anti-labor, anti-Fair Deal
Easy! All you
Just how the system works is
shown by correspondence between
the CCG and Eli Lilly & Co. of
Indianapolis, manufactu rers of
pharmaceuticals. On Jan. 10, this
year, an officer of the company
wrote the CCG, saying:
“This is to advise you that our
budget committee has approved a
contribution of $25,000 to the Com
mittee for Constitutional Govern
ment for the calendar year 1950.”
The committee said it would sup
ply its own list of teachers, clergy
men and others whom it wished to
receive CCG books and pamphlets.
Didn’t take the CCG long to
reply, either, although its officers
apparently winced at the company’s
use of the word “contribution.” On
Jan. 17, Sumner Gerard of the
CCG came through pretty warmly.
“Your letter of Jan. 10 announc
ing a $25,000 purchase of our edu
cational material was a source of
great encouragement to Dr. King
and myself,” he wrote. Reference
u is to Dr. Wilford 1. King, CCG
“Such a substantial purchase
early in the year will enable us
lift our committee’s activities
higher levels of effectiveness,”
Gerard said. He added the opinion
that Mich “purchases” were “legi
timate” expenses, meaning that the
LUly company could deduct them
from income for Jax purposes so
long as
the material purchased and
exact distribution was specific
ally designated.
Then came the ready-made plan.
Wrote Gerard: “We will service a
list of 5000 names at $4 per indi
vidual name 22 times between Feb
ruary and December 1950 or a list
of 10,000—H times or of 25,000—:
four times.”
He said the CCG would distri
bute 5000 copies of Norton’s “Con
stitution of the United States: Its
Sources and Its Application”, a
book that stresses property rights
above human rights, plus 3COO
Copies of Sam Pettengill’s “For
Americans Only”, a work that
makes the late President William
McKinley look like a wild-eyed
radical. Gerard also suggested that
$8 a head be set aside to send the
CCG’s "Paul Revere Messages” to
300 persons including the 150 mem
bers of the Inliana legislature. A
book by King also might be sent
There IS a
have to do is write
a check. The CCG will grab it fast.
.. What’s more, CCG officers will
... coma up with a ready made plan
to put your money to use. But you
mustn’t think of the $25,000 as a
contribution. Perish the thought!
It’s a credit against the purchase
of “educational”
That’s why Edward A. kumely,
executive head of the CCG, refused
to tell the House Select Commit
tee on Lobbying Activities the
of his chief financial sup
porters when he testified a coupk
of months ago. The CCG was a
publishing house, Rumely said. Hi.1
big backers made no contributions
he insisted, they just purchased
books. To release their names and
the amount of their purchases
would be to reveal “trade secrets.”
However, by something more than
coincidence, all the literature at
tacks the Fair Deal, the New Deal,
labor unions or the British Labor
When ordering flowers be
sured of fresh beauty—plus—
an added touch of floral design.
Phone 439 where every order
receives the individual attention
of a floral expert.
O E N’ S
OWes Floral Service in East
Liverpool—EMtahliHhed by Chai
Peterson 1885
y, V 1
How $25,000 Check To CCG
Becomes “For Education
to this list, he continued.
By this time, $22,400 would be
used up, Gerard said. He proposed
using the $2600 balance to distri
bute “Compulsory Medical Care
and the Welfare State,” a book by
Melchior Palyi attacking health in
surance. Lilly could get it for a
dollar a copy. Moreover, the com
pany’s card could be put in every
copy of the Palyi book and other
books, Gerard added.
The proposition must have
sounded good to the Lilly people.
On Jan. 24 they sent a check for
$25,000 drawn on the Chemical
Bank & Trust Co. of New York.
Meanwhile the company said Ger-I
ard’s specific proposals had been
turned over to its industrial
tions expert, J. F. Modrall.
Lilly spokesman reported
Modrall was already cooperating
with the Indianapolis Chamber of
Commerce on “our company’s over
all program”—whatever that might
On Feb. 2, Rumely himself en
tered the picture. He wrote Nikolas
L. Noyes, Lilly president, acknow
ledging receipt of the check “for
which a credit is being .set up on
our books against which you may
draw for any literature.” A “cred
it”, please note, not a contribution.
“Thanks again for your helpful
cooperation in the purchase and
distribution of the committee’s edu
cational literature,” Rumely gush
ed. Not missing a trick, he enclos
ed a bit of propaganda against
health insurance he said had just
been mailed to a list of top doc
tors in the American Medical As
35,000 Workers
In N. Y. Hotels
Win Pay Boost
New York (LPA)—A three-man
arbitration panel has awarded 85,
000 workers in 176 hotels here a
pay increase ranging from $1.80
to $4 a week. The boost is 9 per
cent as against the 15 to 20 per
cent the Hotel Trades Council-A FL
was seeking. The Council estimat
ed the wage hike will mean $7,
000,000 yearly.
The arbitration panel members
were Jay Rubin, union president,
Edward P. Mulrooney, chairman
and former police commissioner,
and Fred O.
grove «aid the
Cosgrove, industry
In dissenting, Cos
higher wages were
retroactive to June
The raise is
1 and either party may apply for
rcconsidedation of wages next year.
Prior to the agreement, the mini
mum for maids was $28.50 a week
dishwashers, $30 elevator opera
tors, $85.60 waiters, $20 service
bartenders, $49 telephone opera
tors, $36 porters, $81. The mini
mum for chefs was $5Q-$65
for bell bays $17.10-$20.
Gouverneur, N. Y. (LPA)*—The
A FL Pulp, Sulphite anl Papermill
Workers’ having rejected a com
pany offer to end a month-old
strike, the Rushmore Paper Mills,
Inc. is closing. The firm proposed
a three-cent hourly wage increase
for a 48-hour week and a five-cent
boost for a 40-hour week. The 240
inan local seeks an U-cent increase
and other benefits. Present rate is
James S. Wetnysa, the owner, has
ordered an immediate shut-down of
his plants here and at Natural
Dam “until such time as a reason
able labor contract can be deter
Ask for Union Labeled merchan
Carries The Ihrioa Label
East Sixth Street
Money Loaned
5% Monthly Reduction
The Potters Savings & Loan Co.
Vice President
IOS. M. BLAZER. Treasurer
W. E. DUNLAP. Ju Attorney
Republican objections to Sym
ington’s proposals came from Sen.
Homer Cap* hart (R, Ind.) and
Rep. Jesse Wolcott (R, Mich.).
They complained that the Presi
dent should declare a national em
ergency, and use powers already
granted him under such circum
stances to control consumer credit
and materials. Symington explain
ed, that if the war spread more
controls would be requested. Mean
while, this bill would serve as
warning to “the people that have
the key to all-out war” that we
mean business.
Sen. John Sparkman (D, Ala.)
proposed that the President be
given a basis of judgement for
seizing production facilities, and
Symington agreed. Sen. Paul Doug
las (D, Ill.) asked if there would
be allocations of such scarce ma
terials as steel for civilian uses,
such as housing in contrast to
cocktail bars, after war allocations,
and Symington said this would be
Symington said that in World
War 11, 90 percent of the busi
nesses of the US were willing to
play ball with the government on
war orders, but that it was neces
sary to give the President powers
to deal with the stubborn or selfish
10 percent.
The Tenth Green Reunion
will be held at the Upper
Pavilion, Thompson Park,
East Liverpool, Ohio on Sun
day, August 13, 1950. All des
cendants of Isaac Green, Sr.
are invited to attend the
If additional information is
requested, please contact the
president of the Green Re
union, Wallace Green, R. D.
No. 3, Canonsburg. Pa.
HOW TO HELP THE AGED....—Federal Security Administrator Oscar Ewing (right) discusses the
problems of old people with Mrs. Estelle Frost and James Shea at the'Home for Dependents on Welfare
Island. Ewing, attending a concert sponsored by American Federation of Musicians, Local 802, collected
first-hand material for his coming conference on problems of the aged.
Symington Urges Military Production
Bill Asks Allocation of ScarceGoods
Washington (LPA)—Whether or
not there are price controls and
rationing of civilian goods from
nylon stockings to automobiles de
pends on the reaction of the people
of the US to the crisis created by
the Korean war, and the extend of
hoarding. That was made clear by
Chairman Stuart Symington of the
National Security Resources Board
in testimony before both Senate
and House Banking committee.
How far it is necessary to mobilize
for total, all-out war, Symington
told the Congressmen depends on
“other people” outside the US bor
However, he made it clear, five
of the 20 parts of all-out war mo
bilization are included in the De
fense Production Act of 1950,
which he appeared to support and
which will probably reach the floor
of House and Senate shortly.
Chairman Brent Spence of the
House committee expressed hope
that he could get the bill to the
floor by July 28 or the 31st at the
The bill would give the President
authority to allocate materials and
facilities, (especially steel and
aluminium) for military ahead of
civilian uses. It would allow him
to take over facilities when needed
for the national defense. In addi
tion, it would provide the green
light for a $2,000,000,000 program
of loans to new enterprises, for
expansion of old enterprises, and
for buying scarce find vital mater
ials, in the form of “V-loans.” It
would also provide for control of
installment and other credit buy
ing for consumers to curb inflation.
All of these powers would be given
the President until June 30, 1952,
or until the Congress votes/to end
“If this nation is to survive,”
Symington emphasized earnestly
to both Senate and House groups,
“it must increase promptly its own
military stature, as well as those
of its allies.” He urged “prompt
passage” of the bill.
Federal Security Administrator Oscar Ewing (right) discusses the
Strike, wage and manpower con
trols are not covered by the pre
sent bill, Symington said. They
might come later if the war
spreads. Under the Selective Ser
vice act, he said the President can
seize strike-bound plants. He said
he “hoped and expected” a message
within a few days calling for an
excess profits tax.
No Need For Hike
In Food Prices,
Brannan Repeats
Washington (LPA)—Food sup
plies are adequate, and there’s no
reason for hoarding or for price
increases. Agriculture Secretary
Charles Brannan repeated that
statement before the House Agri
culture committee July 24.
His department, Brannan testi
fied, is worried not about possible
shortages but about what to do
with the tremendous food surpluses
bulging' government warehouses.
,He asked for money to package and/
ship some of the surplus food to
welfare agencies here and abroad.
A bill by Rep. Walter Granger (D,
Utah) would provide $5Q,000,000
for that purpose.
“We have adequate supplies,”
Brannan declared, “and there is no
need for the hoarding or for the
rise in prices.” The one-cent rise
in the price of bread was unjusti
fied, said Brannan. There was no
rise in wheat prices, no rise in
labor costs, and no rise in any other
production factor that he knew of.
The increases have not been the
result of “profiteering by the Am
erican farmer,” Rep. W. R. Poage
(D, Tex.) pointed out. He cited fig
ures for June 3 to July 20 showing
prices paid farmers for wheat,
beef and butter have not risen
Inventories of butter, cheese,
powdered milk, eggs, and potatoes
must be disposed of before they
perish, Brannan said. Storable
crops such as wheat, com and cot
ton should be held in reserve be
cause of the Korean situation.
They “are now more clearly than
ever an important factor in our
national strength,” he told the com
In asking for, money to dispose
of the perishable surpluses, the
Secretary made it clear the admin
istration has no intention of aband
oning its fight for the “Brannan
Plan.” Under the Brannan Plan,
surpluses wouldn’t pile up because
the food would be put right on the
open market, letting prices drop
for consumers. “We still think that
is the solution for moving products
in the normal channels of trade,”
Brannan declared.
In the event of war there would
le slightly more consumption of
dairy products and eggs, Bran
nan said, but not enough to affect
the problem of getting rid of the
huge surpluses, “ft’s not the same
as wnen we entered World War
11,” he pointed out. “We already
have a high level of employment
and purchasing power. The rise
can’t be as rapid.”
A suggestion by Rep. August H.
Andersen (R, Minn.) that the sur
plus food be given to the Army
was vigorously opposed by Bran
nan because "it would cut
normal market.”
Commodities which the
ment has stored, the
brought out, are not the product.-'
that are being hoarded. Putting
them on the open market would not
end the scare buying of items such
as sugar, coffee and soap.
4500 1AM MEMBERS IN 140
San Francisco (LPA)—An in
crease of (P4 cents an hour was
won for 4500 members of the In
ternational Association of Machin
ists in a one-year contract with
the California Metal Trades Assn.
W,' v
Cotton' Congte
Asked By AFL Aide
To Stop Wet-Backs
Dallas, Texas (LPA)—The Na
tional Cotton Research Congress
has been asked by the AFL to stop
the influx of wet-backs. These are
Mexican farm laborers who enter
this country illegally by swimming
the Rio Grande.
The request camC from J. L.
Rhodes, AFL southern' director of
organization, who addressed the
congress in place of President
William Green, who was unable to
Rhodes pointed out the employ
fent of wet-back labor does not
enhance the nation’s purchasing
power that the wages sent out of
this country by these wet-backs do
not improve business conditions in
the United States, because their
earnings are not spent here, and
because they displace American
workers, who thus lose their pur
chasing power.
Rhodes called on the cotton in
dustry to join, labor at the bargain
ing table to establish fair and
equitable hours and working con
ditions. As a means to that end, he
'said, industry should help repeal
|flfe Taft-HaHley art.
Upioq Pickets To Halt Hoarding
^Philadelphia (LPA)—Not to win
‘alttike but to stop “scare buying”
aWd hoarding of food and other
commodities, the Transport Work
ers Union set up picket lines at
retail stores here. The pickets were
chosen from the 3000 members of
the 10,500-member union who are
veterans of both world wars, ex
plained Andrew J. Kaelin, local
president. It’s the customers, and
not the stores that the pickets want
t? impress. “I hope the picketing
will end the disgusting spectacle of
hysterical and unpatriotic buying
we have witnessed in the past few
days”, Kaelin said.
wt cwut fa* itf
7. We've (ust installed a new
the machine that shows
YOU whether you nood
steering service and helps
US do a faster, more accu
rate fob of correcting any
trouble that shows up.
You can ruin a sot of tiros
on one trip with oar wheels
that are badly out-of-line.
It takes only a few minutes
to chock your automobile
on the now VISUALINIR.
into the
Watson Motor Co.
242 W. Sth St. Phone 357.
East Liverpool, Ohio
■1 J*
Danbury Hatters,Case Was
Real Heavy Blow To Labor
Washington (LPA) “Danbury
Hatters Resist Wage Cuts, Renew
Agreements”, read the headline in
[the July 15 issue of The Hat Work
er. Which brings to mind one of
the famous labor stories of Ameri
can history—The Danbury Hatters
Case. v
That was the one in which the
US Supreme Court so mangled the
Sherman anti-trust act that the
homes of 186 members of the union
were saved from foreclosure only
because American labor rallied to
raise the fine of $252,130 finally
levied against the union and indi
vidual union members.
The legal fight lasted 10 years,
and for most of that time the
homes and bank accounts of 248
union members were tied up by
court order.
The final decision, applying to
labor, the laws regulating property
rights, led to agitation by unions
for legislation making a distinc
tion between human rights and
property rights. The Clayton act
was the result.
The United Hatters of North
America in 1901 tried to organize
the tfanbury, Conn, shop of Die
trich E. Loewe and Martin Fuchs.
Loewe turned the union down, and
a strike was called July 25, 1902.
Loewe was ready. He had been
promised $20,000 aid by other non
union hat makers, led by C. H.
Merritt. The latter’s son, Walter
Gordon Merritt, was Loewe’s at
The union put Loewe on its un
fair list. It sent organizers to
Loewe’s customers, telling them if!
they handled Loewe’s good, they’d,
go on the unfair list too. The Am
erican Federation of Labor put
Loewe on its “we don’t patronife
list”, and the union put out circu
lars describing the working condi
tions and pay at the plant. (Loewe
paid $13 for a 12 to 15 hour day.
Union shops then faid $22 to $24
for an 8-hour day).
The American Anti-Boycott As
sociation, newly organized by Dan
iel Davenport, an attorney, prom
ised Loewe funds if he pressed the
case. Davenport wanted a legal
decision that boycotts were illegal
under the Sherman act, and that
union members were individually
liable for damages. And that’s what
the final decision was.
Young Merritt first checked on
what union members owned homes
or had bank accounts. Then he sued
in the state courts, charging con
spiracy, and asking $100,000 dam
ages and in the US District Court,
charging violation of the Sherman
act, and asking $240,000 damages.
At the same time, he had the homes
and bank accounts of 248 union
members attached.
The first US District court decis
ion was for the union. Loewe ap
pealed to the US Circuit Court.
A8«vl $2 werHt ef Ghclrklty la
eU t« «»»k wwala far th*
oaafem lemll*' •••’••I*
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The latter court asked the US Sup
reme Court for guidance, since the
case was a novel interpretation of
the Sherman act. The case was
argued before the Supreme Court
late in 1907, with the AFL filing
a brief as “a friend of the court.”
The company argued the union
and the AFL were engaged in a
conspiracy to restrain interstate
trade. Chief Justice Melville W.
Fuller agreed, in a decision Feb. 3,
1908, reversed the lower court, and
remanded the case to the Circuit
Twenty months later, the case
was argued. Young Merritt this
time argued the Supreme Court
ruling meant that not only every
member of the Hatters’ union, but
every member of the AFL could be
held liable for the actions of their
officers. Merritt called the AFL “a
great engine of destruction.”
The union’s lawyers argued this
was a plot by the Anti-Boycott
Assn, to ruin not only the Hatters’
union but the entire organized labor
movement. They argued against
making individual union members
After a four-month trial, when
the Judge told the jury their only
problem was the amount of dam
ages to fix, the jury awarded $74,
000 damages. With the triple
damage clause of the Sherman act,
and the costs and attorney’s fees,
this came to $223,000.
The union appealed and won, the
judgment was reversed, and a new
trial ordered. The union lost, and
this time the damages were set at
$252,130. The union again appeal
ed, and lost. So the union then ap
pealed to the US Supreme Court.
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes,
on Jan. 5, 1915, handed down the
decision. The union was guilty of
combination and conspiracy the in
dividual union members were joint
ly liable.
Loewe’s company demanded pay
ment and started to foreclose on
the homes of 186 union members.
The AFL appealed to the entire
labor movement, asking for dona
tions of an hour’s pay on “Hatters’
Day.” America’s workers came
through, and the 186 homes were
Kilnmen, Local Union No. 9
All members of Local Union 4
No. 9 who are on the sick or
unemployed list are request
ad to report to the local im
mediately, to comply with new ♦.
laws governing same which
were adopted at the last Con
♦. President Al Dray
Fin. Sec. Roy Broadbent
Thursday, August 3, 1950
Meanwhile, Samuel Gompers,
AFL head, was campaigning for
repeal or amendment of the Sher
man act. Passage of the Clayton
act, in October 1914, was the re
Says Elias Lieberman in his book,
“Unions Before The Bar”, about
the Danbury Hatters case:
“Thus, the Sherman act, which
came into being as a result of the
mounting resentment against busi
ness monopolies—the law that was
designed as a protective measure
for the small businessman against
the destructive methods of the com
binations of big business—was now
applied by the courts against labor
unions. The law that was designed
primarily to curb the evils of mass
ed capital and the accompanying
concentration of economic power
was now directed against organiza
tions of workers who were not in
volved in business or commerce at
Loewe collected his pound of
flesh, but his business went to pot,
and in 1927 the manufacturers had
to raise a fund to help him. He
lived on others’ kindness the last
years of his life. And in 1947, his
grandson was working in a hat
factory. And he was a member of
the Hatters’ Union.
New York (LPA)—Time, Inc.,
earned $5,042,000 the first six
month this year. This was $1,035,
000 more than in the same period
a year ago. But Time Magazine is(
saying “No” to the proposals of its
employes, represented by the Nev.
York Newspaper Guild, for wage
and other improvements.
Time, Inc., made more profits on
less business, according to its own
figures. The trick was done by
cutting expenses almost $3,000,000.
Paper Mill Shuts 49 Jobless
Holyoke, Mass. (LPA) The
Franklin Paper Co., after 81 years
of operation, has closed, throwing
out of work 42 members of the
AFL Paper Makers, and seven
members of other unions. Manage
ment said it could not meet the
competition of the modern South
ern mills and the large integrated
145 West Fifth St Phone 365
Remember how you thrilled to the refreshing breezes
of your first electric fem? There’s the same kind of treat
in stere for you when you switch to electric cooking.
It fulfills your lifo-long yearning for a cooler kitchen I
Electric ranges are so safe and automatic they’ll cook
whole meals while you’re away. And of course elec*
tricity Is the only thing you can cook with that doesn’t
use up oxygen and make a kitchen stuffy!
Electrical appliances like the electric range add years
to your life and make it far more pleasant. Everything
electricity does it does better and at lower cost. See
the smart new electric ranges at your dealer’s now.

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