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The potters herald. [volume] (East Liverpool, Ohio) 1899-1982, October 12, 1950, Image 5

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Thursday, October 12, 195Q
DoctorsiEqrs Red From
Roasting By Ad Critics
Washington (LPA) Some of4^ ............ 7
the nation’s doctors must be gett
ing pretty red around the ears.
gmWThey’re learning the hard way that
lot of people don’t care much for
the American Medical Association’s
million-dollar advertising campaign
to forestall President Truman’s na
tional health insurance program.
Frank Edwards, the AFL’s crack
news commentator, raked the AMA
fore and aft over a national hook
up Oct. 2 and 3, and told his listen
ers he was coming back with more.
On Sept. 28, the Louisville Courier
Journal gave the doctors a going
over almost before they revived
from a Sept. 20 shellacking by the
New York Post. Meanwhile, labor
papers have been spanking the
physicians’ trust thoroughly and
Just before Congress closed, Rep.
Andy Biemiller (D, Wis.) roasted
the AMA repeatedly. On Sept. 14,
Rep. John Dingell (D, Mich.) de
nounced the doctors’ October ad
vertising campaign in ringing
terms, stressing the fact that the
AMA’s own million dollars would
be a drop in the bucket compared
to the $19 million in “tie-in” ad
vertising which was to be sponsor
ed by insurance companies, banks
and other enterprises. Sen. James
E. Murray (D, Mont.) termed
campaign a “tragic waste.”
“Working hand in glove with
real estate gang, the NAM,
__ big insurance companies and
medical trust, the doctors
spending $10,000 dollars a day and
sending out 160,000 pieces of pro
paganda each day,” Frank Edwards
told his radio audience. In addition,
Edwards indicated that the AMA
drive was part of a political plot
to oust labor sympathizers from
Congress. The drive is “aimed at
every man on Capital Hill who
dared to defy the big money boys,”
Edwards declared. “The AMA set
up a straw man called socialized
medicine, but the real target can
not be concealed. The AMA is act
ing as a front for other pressure
groups, spending millions of dol
lars in a desperate effort to destroy
the political career of any legisla
tor who refuses to do their bidd
ing.” He said many doctors dislik
ed the campaign jjut didn’t dare
say so.
The Louisville Courier Journal
leveled its editorial fire at Dr.
Elmer Henderson, AMA president
and a Kentuckian himself. Hender
son had criticized the paper for
not being properly concerned with
the welfare of the nation’s doctors,
Retorted the Courier-Journal:
/‘We should like to say that we are
nconcerned with everybody’s pro
blems as they relate to better
health and better medical service.
happy ending
There's a book that always has
a happy ending—your savings
account book. All the things
you've always wanted to do are
there for you—plainly promised
by your growing bank balance.
Whether it's travel to far and
a boat
Start a
next payday.
SAVE now at
places or just lazying in
where the fishing's good
savings account book
the dreams come true,
savings account with us
First National
Member FDIC
East Liverpool's Oldest Bank
Phone 914
for happier
By thi* we mean better service in
quantity as well as in quality,
which is fine. But the one is just
as important as the other. We are
concerned with doctors* problems
(although we cannot see those in
the same light as does the AMA)
as well as the patients’ problems.
But we have to say that we ar?
more concerned with the latter.
“We are concerned more with
the increasing cost of medical
treatment, at home or in offices of
hospital beds and surgical fees.
This cost amounts too frequently
to a ruinous burden. We see
the problem as a financial and so
cial one, not a scientific one.
We ask Dr. Henderson and his as
sociates who applauded him to be
lieve that we are just as much op
posed to socialized medicine as
they are. Our difference is that we
do not think public health insur
ance is socialized medicine. We see
it as a means of helping everybody
pay his doctor bills and of making
the doctor sure he can collect his
bills for services rendered.”
Said the New York Post: “The
American Medical Association’s
major contribution to the nation’s
health in the month of October will
be a vast propaganda campaign de
signed to prove we are all healthier
than ever. ... A preview of the
AMA manifesto is unveiled in the
current issue of Editor & Publish
er. We warn that it will strain the
eyes, turn the stomachs and tax
the credulit of thousands of Amer
Steelworkers To
Ask Pay Boost
Across The Board
Atlantic City, N. J. (LPA)—The
Steelworkers will ask for an across
the-board wage boost for 1,000,006
steelworkers. The union’s 175-man
wage policy committee, meeting
here, did not set any figure, but
union leaders insist that “healthy
and substantial” raises can be
granted without hiking steel prices.
They plan to present detailed evid
ence to support their position.
Union spokesmen told reporters
the union is not interested in a
cost-of-living escalator like those
in auto industry contracts.
Other demands will include elim
ination of geographical wage dif
ferentials, severance pay, better
overtime, union shop, and better
rates in iron ore and other mining
operations where the union has
All major producers except US
Steel and Bethlehem, the two big
gest, have agreed to talks with the
union. Union contracts do not call
for negotiations to open until Nov.
1, but the pressure of rising prices,
and raises in other industries, led
the steelworkers to ask for an earl
ier reopening date. They are not
free to strike under the contract
until January 1.
Iron Age, official trade journal
of the industry, predicted that the
union would be certain to get some
raise, but also predicted a rise in
steel prices.
Wholesale Food Price Index Falls
New York (LPA)—The Dun &
Bradstreet wholesale food price in
dex for the week ended Oct. 3 was
$6.50, a drop of 11 cents from the
week before. A year ago the index
was $5.65, and on July 25 the fig
ure was $6.49. The drop was the
largest in 13 months, and was due
to lower prices on wheat, barley,
beef, hams, lard, cocoa, eggs, pota
toes, raisins, steers and hogs.
Flour, com rye, oats, milk and
cottonseed oil advanced. Other
prices were unchanged.
Demand the Union Label.
Dinner & Cooking Ware
Seven Floors of Quality Furniture and All
Furnishings To Make a House a
Comfortable Home
Established 1880 East Liverpool, Ohio
Convenient Tengs
ington gives President Truman the orginal score of the “Portrait
ington gives President Trapinn the orginal score of the Portrait of
New York Suite” which he wrote jon commission from Arturo Toecan
nini. Ellingtm is presently in a battle with the Communists, who put
his name on their phony Stockholm “peace” petition without his know
ledge or consent. He has threatened to sue them for the action.
“Everybody talks about the wea 4— -.................
ther, but nobody does anything I labor and management, small busi
about it.” Wasn’t it Mark Twain
who wrote that? Well, I think we
are getting just as bad about the
future. I’ve listened to more de
pressing conversation lately about
what is going to happen. I’ve heard
more people have more and more
to say about the bad times that are
coming. But so far I haven’t heard
many constructive, cooperative,
plans to counteract them.
Oh, I know there are lots of peo
ple working to be sure that what
hits won’t hit them! But they do
not seem to realize that individual
effort, not individual indifference
to one another is what is needed.
We can either revert to a jungle
existence and fight each other for
what remains, or we can work to
gether pooling our resources, to
expand production for all of us.
Collective prosperity is not di
visible. Without cooperation or col
laboration (I like that latter word
best because it is co-labor) we can
not get anywhere. The best plans
in the world won’t work unless
Defense Program
Shows Signs
Of Taking Shape
Washington (LPA)—Three
weeks after President Truman
signed and invoked the Defense
Production Act, the defense pro
gram was still mostly talk. How
ever, over the weekend of Oct. 1,.
a few pieces of the program began
to take shape of a sort.
Secretary of Labor Tobin ann
ounced formation of an Office of
Defense Manpower. The National
Production Authority, defense pro
duction arm of the Department of
Commerce and main production
agency, released an order setting]
up a priority system for defense'
orders. In addition, President Tru
man was reported ready to name
Cyrus S. Ching chief of a wage
stabilization board. (It was report
ed that David L. Cole, who headed
the' President’s coal emergency
board last winter, would succeed
the six-foot seven-inch Ching as
head of the Federal Mediation &
Conciliation Service.)
Tobin said the Office of Defense
Manpower would “develop plans,
policies and programs for meeting
defense manpower requirements.”
The Secretary issued orders sett
ing up an inter-departmental com
mittee, a management-labor com-1
mittee and a women’s committee to
advise him. He issued further
orders allocating specific functions
to the Bureau of Employment Se
curity and' other department bur
eaus. But that’s about as far as
Tobin went. Yet to be named was
an executive director for the Man
power Office.
The National Production Auth
ority’s priority order was viewed
as a prelude to a tough controls
system if anybody really expects
priorities and allocations to work
when shortages appear. Specifical
ly, the NPA said .defense and
atomic energy orders were to have
absolute priority except under
special circumstances. But four
“special circumstances” seemed to
give manufacturers plenty of lee
way to reject orders when they feel
like it.
In general, the NPA’s order was
a highly technical compilation of
priority rules. A defense order will
have a “DO Rating”—and, for the
present, all orders will be rated
alike subject to special directives.
The “authoritative” rumor that
Cy Ching would head a nine-man
wage-stabilization board seemed to
indicate that price controls could
not be far off, even though there
was a chance that the 74-year old
Ching would decline the post. A
wage board would be co-equal with
a price-stabilization board and both
boards would be under a still to be
named economic stabilization ad
ministrator. The wage board would
have three public members of which
Ching would be one, three labor
members and three industry mem
Meanwhile, Secretary of the In-
ness and great corporations, farm
er and worker, consumer and pro
ducer, government and private en
terprise—whether that private en
terprise be a business or a labor
union—get together on the points
they have in common, shelving
their differences of method and de
veloping a way of action that will
bring prosperity to all.
“When Crew and Captain under
stand each other to the core, it
takes a gale and more than a gale
to put their Ship ashore”, so Kip
ling wrote.
We are faced with sfstorm, both
of world conditions and of nation
al divisions. A storm in which false
ideas, windstorms of terrific inten
sity will be let loose. Only if we
have complete collaboration be
tween all groups in this country
can we weather the storm. We must
recognize our common ideals, our
common basis of moral and spirit
ual values, and from that basis
work out our common destiny to
For Shame, Doc,
Calling A Lady
A Fabricator
Washington (LPA) Getting
mighty careless about slinging
fighting words around, the doctors
are. Or are they jittery about the
reaction to their million-dollar, big
wind campaign ggainst. health (in-'
Federal Security Administrator
Oscar Ewing, in a speech in New
York, pointed out that the medical
schools discriminate against Jew
ish students. That’s a false charge,,
shrieked Dr. George F. Lull, speak
ing for the American Medical Asso
ciation. (Look up the records, doc.)
Mrs. India Edwards, vice-chair-1
man of the Democratic National
Committee, issued a statement
pointing out that the $20,000,000
the AMA and its friends are spend
ing in an advertising campaign is
actually a smoke screen to defeat
the Democrats.
Forgetting the manners of a
gentleman, Dr. Austin Smith, edit
or of the AMA journal, shrieked
“one of the most vicious lies in a
series of vicious lies presented by
self-seeking individuals.”
Mrs. Edwards, always a lady, did
not retort, “you’re another”. In
stead she issued another statement
saying “The AMA is engaging in
a name-calling campaign at a time
when it should be concerning itself
with the shortage of physicians.”
She pointed out that since four out
of five people in the United States
cannot afford the medical aid they
need, the proposed bill the AMA
is attacking as “socialized medi
cine” provides for health insurance
on a payroll deduction plan.
The AMA boasts that it spent a
huge wad to help defeat Sen.
Frank Graham in the North Caro
lina primaries. Graham was oppos
ed to compulsory health insurance.
But Graham is a liberal, so the
AMA fought him. The AMA tried
to lick Sen. Wayne Morse, in Ore
gon, although he too opposed na
tional health insurance. He, too, is
terior Oscar Chapman already had
established a minerals and energy
administration to handle require
ments for electric power, natural
gas, oil and oil products, sold fuels,
metals and minerals.
In effect, the NPA priority rules
give the Defense Department and
the Atomic Energy Commission
power to demand that guns or dy
namos be produced ahead of civil
ian refrigerators or automobiles.
Moreover, a contractor accepting a
“defense rated” order- can claim
priority to obtain supplies needed
to fill the order. A company refus
ing to obey a priority order is sub
ject to criminal prosecution which
can result in fines and jail for its
officers—unless it can wriggle
through on.e of the loopholes.
But the Defense Program was a
long way from high gear and al
ready there were shortages of steel
and other metals while prices kept]
going up. I
Comment On
World Events
French trade unionists are
now rnploying one of the ’rongest
forces in the world—education—in
their tough battle to thwart Com
munist designs on the French
labor movement.
Operating on the sound theory
that workers armed with knowledge
are better able to protect their in
terests, Force Ouvriere (the n-m
Cuuuminfet trade union federation)
has launched a unique workers •id
eation program. The “students” in
ch machinists, miners, h
ar .s and laborers. Some U0 trade
unionists from the provinces of
France and North Africa have al
ready attended the classes, held in
a small room in FA’s Paris head
quarters building.
In groups of from 80 to 40,
middle-aged worked, many with
sketchy academic training but vir
tually all with years of first hand
experience in the plant, have gath
ered together to grapple with com
plicated economic problems. In the
10-day study period allotted to
each group, they’ve heard more
than a dozen lectures on subjects
ranging from trade union organiza
tion to the Marshall Plan—and
participated in vigorous debate.
On the agenda is a discussion of
Communist methods and influence
in trade unions and the use of trade
unions in Communist strategy.
This is of great importnce in
France because free unions are still
engaged in a fierce struggle with
Communist-led unions for control
of the French labor movement.
Another lecture given to each
group of provincial workers is on
the Marshall Plan. The teacher,
Guy Jerram, speaks in simple lan
guage, illustrating his points with
examples which are easily under
stood by the non-academic but
eager “student” body. They want
to know why France needs a Mar
shall Plan, what it means in terms
of economic recovery, and who
makes this aid possible.
As Jerram develops his lecture,
adults who had known little about
the economic position of their coun
try in the world of commerce begin
to understand the elementary facts
of the French situation. For in-'
stance, Jerram tells them that
96% of the cotton and 87 percent
of the wool needed by France must
be imported and that most of their
shirts, clothes, and overcoats come
from foreign countries. He points
out that almost none of the French
textile works could operate without
imports of cotton, wool and silk.
Jerram gives other figures 'on
imports and then puts the question:
Where does France get the dollars
to buy the raw materials and ma
chines to keep its factories going?
He answers that, for 4 years, dol
lar aid under the Marshall Plan is
helping to close this gap and give
France a chance to adjust its pro
ductive machinery to the economic
needs of the nation. In the mean
time, widespread unemployment
and economic chaos are averted and
France grows stronger.
Who makes this aid possible? In
discussing the development of the
Marshall Plan idea in America,
Jerram £ives a large share of the
credit for the program to American
trade unionists and the average
U. S. worker. He points out that
the program was courageously sup
ported by organized labor in the
U. S. and that every American
citizen pays, on the average, taxes
amounting to the equivalent of 13,
000 francs per year.
Among the subjects discussed in
the 10-day course are labor educa
tion, evolution of ,the labor move
ment and the importance of trade
unions for the working class, struc
ture of the labor movement, migra
tion of workers, trade unions in
Europe, the right to strike in
a liberal. The AMA fought the so
cial security expansion bill, which
had nothing to do with health in
surance. But it made a deal with
the insurance companies. The
medics fought the social security
bill, which the insurance boys didn’t
want, and in return, the insurance
companies are helping fight the
health insurance plan.
The AMA has been distributing
for a year copies of John T. Flynn’s
hysterical book “The Road Ahead”.
That’s the big ticket for the Com
mittee for Constitutional Govern
ment, run by Dr. Edward A. Rume
ly, who served time as an enemy
agent in World War I, and who
has been cited for contempt of
Congress for refusing to name the
financial backers of his outfit. The
CCG is considered the key in a net
work of anti-labor, anti-Fair Deal
Clem Whitaker, the $100,000 a
year publicity agent for the AMA,’
told a medical society in Kansas
City the other day that congress
ional mail is running 3 to 1 against
compulsory health insurance, and
cited that as an accomplishment
“in stopping the inroads of state
socialism in America.” But in Ken
tucky, Dr. R. Haynes Barr, chair
man of the state medical society’s
committee for education in the vir
tues of voluntary health insurance,
reported that the county societies
“are giving this valuable weapon
against socialized medicine nothing
more than lip service.”
Fear of Inflation
Root of Summer
Buying Wave
Washington (LPA)—Americans,
afraid th ir savings will count for
ptth- in the face of -horta^-- and
inf" anon, are rushing
lo bu„ goods
with whatever cash they have on
Other.- are buying on the ii tail
ment plan or borrowing from bank.
to get houses, caii, refiigcr4.ur~,
furniture—almost anything in pre
ference to money. No one expects
gr'T-nbacks to so che.p the
c-i. paper the \all wi*h them. A.
most everyone, th .^h, expects
them to be worthless six months or
a year from now than they are to
Financial reports for the “Ri
mer months shn
a that
bank trans
actions have increased. Bank loans
have spurted up to break all re
cords. More people ca-hed in sav
ings bonds than bong.. them.
Some pieces of the monetary jig
saw puzzle are missing, but those
th re are fit the total picture. And
.c picture spells higher prices to
come for you.
A report from the Security &
Exchange Commission for April,
May and June, even before the ter
rific impact of the Korean war was
felt, showed that individuals saved
$200,000,000 less than in the spring
of 1949. The r?*o v y was used to
buy things, p^zucularly houses/
Money spent for home construction!
was more than $1 billion over that
spent in the corresponding 1949
After the fighting started in
Korea, the trend intensified. Fig
ures from the Treasury Depart
ment show that in June people
cashed in $36,524,000 more Series
E Savings bonds than they bought.
In July they redeemed $50,300,000
more than were purchased. In Aug
ust the margin was $123,858,000.
By September it was down a little
to $104,099,000.
This is the first time since the
beginning of World War II that
the Treasury was giving out more
than it was taking in in bond busi
ness. And these figures are only
for bonds that haven’t reached the
end of the ten year payoff period.
It does not include matured bonds
that, naturally, were cashed in.
Heads of savings banks in New
York state cried the blues at their
France and other countries, collec
tive bargaining and shop commit
tees, social security, management
labor relations.
J. Bott smiles after President
Truman announced his appointment
as General Counsel of the National
Labor Relations Board. Bott was
named to succeed Robert N. Den
ham, who was working at odds
with the Board. He immediately
made several changes in procedure,
»o he could work in cooperation
with the Board members. Bott’s
father was for 30 years a member
of the Brotherhood of Locomotivei
Firemen and Enginemen.
convention at Lake Placid this
week. The inflation, they said, will
ruin them. They continued, how
ever, to pour business loans into
the pot.
Loans by banks belonging to the
Federal Reserve Board shot up to,
$208,000,000 the week ending S p’-l
ember 27, smashing the recvid
established at the crest of the 1948
This old rhyme tells of a period when walk
ing was the means of travel. Peddlers, serfs,
even espires on horseback—all made their
journeys a step at a time.
We demand transportation geared to the
activities of our time. Bus travel meete that
demand for it is quick, convenient, safe—and
through its services the mills keep rolling, the
potteries keep firing, and the business of our
cities and communities is maintained.
way next time you go.
Try riding this convenient, economical
Valley Motor Transit Co.
boom. Rea! Estate loans also hit a
new high of $5,047,000.
The Board may tajke the
anti-inflationary move of raising
the reserve requirements for the
member banks, thus freezing huge
sum* of money so it can’t be loan-
Still another inflation thermo
meter, the Federal Reserve Board’s
report on volume of bank deposits
and currency in the hands of the
people, showed that at the end of
August there was more dough
around thaq ever before. The Aug.
30 figure was $171.1 billion, $700,
OOQJXM) more than on July 26. This
rise was entirely in bank credit.
Savings went down.
Consumer credit rose $614,000,
(-00 in August, only slightJy less'
than it gained during the wave of,
scare bqying in July. Installment
buying regulations issued by the
I eminent in September may cut
down on these purchases—the kind'
you make on a car, washer, or TV
The i xt curb expected is hous
ing creuit controls. Down payments
on new homes will probably be
raised, including homes bought
under Federal Housing Adminis
tration and Veterans Adxninistra
t.m loar 4. Even if you’re a veter
an, you won’t be able to buy a
house unJ^-4 you have a pile of
cash saved up.
Ship Union In Union-Shop Drive
C- den, N. J. (LPA)—The In
dust..al Union of Marine A Ship
building Workers has launched a
union shop drive for 15,000 Beth
lehem Steel Co. shipyard workers
on the Atlantic coast.
Buy Union-Made goods from
others as you would have them
pay Union wages unto you!

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